NATO Science Programme
Bringing Scientists together for Progress and Peace Newsletter Back to Home

Science & Society Newsletter

Issue No. 51, February/March 1999

Science for Peace

So far 30 Science for Peace projects have been selected for support, involving the participation of 15 Partner Countries and 11 NATO Countries. The average total NATO support to each project is 12 million BEF. The projects deal with a wide variety of environmental and industrial problems, and further information on these projects will shortly be published at the web site, and further details will be available in the next edition of the Newsletter.

The calls for proposals following the launch of the Programme in September 1997 generated over 1,500 applications, and many more projects will be selected for support from these applications throughout 1999. There will therefore be no further call for proposals in 1999 but it is expected that opportunities to submit new proposals will be offered early in 2000.

Internet News

NATO Science Web Address:
NATO CCMS Web Address:

NATO Science

IMPROVED APPLICATION FORMS - Application forms for the support mechanisms are newly available as Word documents, and can therefore now be completed from the keyboard.

NATO SCIENCE SERIES PUBLICATION PAGES - Now available from the homepage is direct access to the on-line catalogues of the publishers of the NATO Science Series (formerly NATO ASI Series). The publishers' sites generally provide contents and abstracts of the volumes, as well as prices and ordering instructions.

Personnel Changes in the Scientific Affairs Division

New Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Scientific and Environmental Affairs

In July 1998 Dr. Keith Gardner replaced Dr. Paul Rambaut as Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Scientific and Environmental Affairs, and deputy head of the Scientific and Environmental Affairs Division. Dr. Rambaut had been in the position since January 1989.

Dr. KEITH LEROY GARDNER was born in Berkeley, California, in 1946. He studied physics at the Brigham Young University, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in 1970. On graduation from BYU, Dr. Gardner began employment as a civil servant at the Naval Weapons Center (NWC), in China Lake, California. During his 15 years at NWC, he worked as a physicist on a series of programmes in fuel-air explosives, laser detection systems, target classification systems, and others, and for his last five years there was Head of the Target Recognition Systems Branch. Dr. Gardner gained a Master of Science and a PhD degree in optical sciences from the University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona in 1980. Dr. Gardner joined the NATO International Staff in 1985 as a Staff Officer in the Defence Research Section. He served as Secretary to the Defence Research Group (DRG) as well to several of its sub-panels until 1987, at which time he was promoted to Head of the Defence Research Section, in which position he served until his appointment as Deputy Assistant Secretary General.

Two New Programme Directors

Dr. WALTER KAFFENBERGER joined the Scientific Affairs Division as a Programme Director in September 1998. Walter Kaffenberger was born in Fraenkisch-Crumbach, Germany, in 1950. From 1970 to 1979 he was at the University of Heidelberg where he pursued his studies in Biology, Chemistry and Physics, and in 1979 was awarded a doctoral degree in natural sciences (Dr. rer. nat.). Following his academic studies, Dr. Kaffenberger worked as a Research Biologist, and from 1979 to 1987 was Head of the Radiobiology Section of the Federal Armed Forces Science Agency for NBC-Protection, Munster, Germany. From 1985-1986 he was Visiting Scientist at the Experimental Hematology Department of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Bethesda, USA, and in 1993 he spent a further period in the United States at the University of Chicago. From 1987 until his move to NATO Dr. Kaffenberger was Head of the Section on Experimental Radiobiology, at the Institute of Radiobiology, Federal Armed Forces Medical Academy, Munich, Germany. In 1997/1998 he attained an extended doctoral degree (Dr. med. habil.) from the Technical University of Munich, Faculty of Medicine, with an "Habilitation" investigation on "Intracellular signal transduction and ionizing irradiation: Studies on the respiratory burst oxidase as a model".

Dr. FAUSTO PEDRAZZINI became a staff member in the Scientific Affairs Division in February 1999. He ws born in Massa, Tuscany, Italy, in 1946. In 1969 he was appointed Research Associate at the Institute of Biophysics, Pisa, by the National Research Council (CNR) and later transferred to the CNR Institute of Soil Chemistry, Pisa, where he was Member of the Managing Committee from 1975-1980. In 1980 he attained his Doctorate in Agricultural Sciences from Pisa State University. From 1981-1982 he was Visiting Assistant Professor at the Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, USA, and on his return to Italy was appointed Project Leader of the CNR target project on Increasing Productivity of Agricultural Resources IPRA. In 1984 he became Scientific Attaché for the Benelux countries at the Italian Embassy, Brussels, and in 1988 transferred to the Italian Embassy Ottawa as Scientific and Cultural Attaché. He returned to Italy in 1992 to become Deputy Director in charge of external and international relations of CNR in the Pisa area, and in 1996 became Director, managing the facilities of the 15 Research Institutes of the area, which position he held until his move to NATO.

Marcel Bardon 1928 - 1998

It is with great regret that we learned of the death on 20 May 1998 of Marcel Bardon, who was Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Scientific and Environmental Affairs from 1986 to 1988.

Marcel Bardon was born and raised in Paris, and later moved to the United States, where he received his PhD in physics in 1961 from Columbia University, New York. Much of his career was spent at the National Science Foundation (NSF), and in 1972 he became Director of the Division of Physics. He became Director of International Affairs at NSF in 1991. Marcel Bardon was also a gifted photographer, whose work was exhibited in the United States and abroad. We extend our deepest sympathy to his wife, Renate Bardon, and their three sons, on their sad loss.

New Science Committee Members Appointed

United Kingdom

PROFESSOR BRIAN HEAP, CBE, was appointed Science Committee member for the United Kingdom in May 1998. Professor Heap is Foreign Secretary and Vice President of the Royal Society, and Master of St. Edmund's College, Cambridge. He succeeded Lord Lewis of Newnham who had served on the Committee since 1986.

Born in 1935, Brian Heap was awarded a BSc in Animal Physiology from the University of Nottingham in 1957, and attained his PhD from the same university in 1960. In 1961 he became Senior Member, King's College, Cambridge, and attained an MA in 1963 and ScD in 1980 from the University of Cambridge. Prof. Heap joined the research staff of the Institute of Animal Physiology of the Agricultural Research Council (later Agricultural and Food Research Council - AFRC), Cambridge, in 1963, where he held a number of posts until his appointment in 1984 as Deputy Director of the Institute. In 1989 he became Director of Research of the AFRC Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics Research (Cambridge and Edinburgh), and also in 1989 became a Fellow of the Royal Society. Prof. Heap became Director of Science at the AFRC, Swindon in 1991. In 1995 he was Visiting Senior Fellow at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge. He was awarded the CBE in 1994. Prof. Heap became Master of St. Edmund's College in 1996 and was appointed President of the Institute of Biology in the same year.


PROFESSOR HOWARD ALPER has been named Science Committee member for Canada. Prof. Alper is Vice-Rector (Research) at the University of Ottawa. He replaces Prof. Arthur May, who had been a member of the Committee since 1990.

Prof. Alper was born in Montreal, Quebec in 1941. He gained a BSc in Chemistry from the Sir George Williams University in 1963, and a PhD from Mcgill University in 1967. After a year as a postdoctoral fellow at Princeton University, USA, he joined the staff of the State University of New York at Binghamton, USA, in 1968, and was appointed Associate Professor in 1971. He became Associate Professor at the University of Ottawa in 1975, and was appointed Professor in 1978; he subsequently became Chairman of the Chemistry Department (1982-1985 and 1988-1994), and Assistant Vice-Rector (Research) of the University in 1995-1996 and was appointed Vice-Rector in 1997. Prof. Alper was Chairman of the Inorganic Chemistry Division, Canadian Society of Chemistry from 1986-1988; Group Chairman, Chemistry, of the Natural Sciences & Engineering Research Council from 1987-1999 and Chairman of the Council of Canadian University Chemistry Chairs, 1990-1993. He was Vice-President of the Academy of Sciences, Royal Society of Canada from 1995-1998. He is currently Chair of the Board of Directors, Environmental Science and Technology Alliance Canada.


PROFESSOR PALLE JEPPESEN has been appointed Science Committee member for Denmark, in succession to Prof. Povl Olgaard, who was the doyen of the Committee, having represented Denmark since October 1975.

Palle Jeppesen was born in Denmark in 1941. He received the MSc degree in electrical engineering in 1967, the PhD in 1970 and the Dr.Sc. degree in 1978, from the Department of Electromagnetic Systems (EMI), Technical University of Denmark. From 1968-1969 he worked as a Research Associate at Cornell University, USA, and a project engineer at the university's spin-off Cayuga Associates. From 1970 until now Prof. Jeppesen has been Assistant, Associate, Research and full Professor at EMI, first in microwave electronics, later in optical fiber communications. In 1974 he was appointed Head of Optogroup at EMI and from 1988-98 was Head of the Centre for Broadband Telecommunications. Presently he heads the high Speed Systems Group at the new Center for Communications, Optics and Materials at the Technical University of Denmark. He is currently Chairman of the Danish Defense Research Council and member of the NATO Research and Technology Board, and member of the Scientific Council for the Danish National Encyclopedia.

Meeting of the NATO Science Committee in Greece

The Science Committee held its autumn meeting on 15-16 October in Thessaloniki, Greece, at the invitation of the Greek authorities. The Committee was welcomed to Greece by Prof. G. Papatheodorou, the Greek Representative on the Science Committee, and heard an address by the Director of International Science and Technological Cooperation, Dr. E. Karabateas. They were also received by Prof. Emm. Fragoulis, Secretary General for Research and Technology, and Mr. G. Lyssarides, Secretary General of the Macedonia-Thrace Ministry. The Committee had the opportunity to visit the Environmental Fuels and Hydrocarbonates Laboratories at FORTH-Thessaloniki, as well as the archaeological site of Dion in Pieria.

Two CCMS Pilot Studies Publish Final Reports

Cross-Border Environmental Problems Emanating from Defence-Related Installations and Activities (Phase II)

Under Phase II of this pilot study led by Norway, four topics were examined: (1) hazardous materials and defence-related activities in the Arctic; (2) radioactive contamination of rivers and transport through rivers, deltas and estuaries to the sea; (3) management of defence-related radioactive waste; and (4) environmental risk assessments for two defence- related problems.

The final report of this phase II study includes, among others, the following recommendations:

  • NATO militaries should evaluate absolute and relative risk-assessment methodologies to address the specific conditions in the Arctic environment
  • Priority should be given to PCB releases and active or abandoned dumpsites in the Arctic
  • Monitoring/investigation of river transport of radionuclides and effects on the environment should be carried out
  • Before commencing a defence-related activity which involves the use of radioactive materials, the full life-cycle implications, including waste management and disposal, should be considered.

Five final reporst have been published following th completion of this study, and are available upon request from the CCMS Secretariat.

Evaluation of Demonstrated and Emerging Technologies for the Treatment and Cleanup of Contaminated Land and Groundwater (Phase II)

The purpose of this pilot study was to identify, discuss, and review innovative, emerging, and alternative technologies, and to transfer technical performance and economic information to potential users of these technologies. A specific objective of the study was to identify "lessons learned" from the technology demonstrations - both the successes and those that illustrated technology failures or limita-tions. The latter type of information is rarely presented in conferences or discussed in the technical literature, but is very important for making informed decisions involving critical time and monetary requirements. It is also useful for defining priorities in research and development programmes.

The Pilot Study Group examined 52 different remediation technology projects from 14 countries during the five-year programme. The projects encompassed in situ and ex situ biological, physical-chemical, and thermal treatment technologies. Many of the projects involved two or more technologies, either in integrated treatment systems or in parallel treatment. The reports on these projects revealed an ongoing evolution of innovative and advanced technologies. The Pilot Study is believed to have been instrumental in facilitating this development.

A two-volume final report on Phase II of this study is now available from the CCMS Secretariat, as well as a CD-ROM covering the whole life of the study.

A third phase of this pilot study is now underway, to assist in particular those countries which have more recently begun to address contamination problems, such as countries in Central and Eastern Europe. The first annual report on Phase III is already available from the CCMS Secretariat.

Progress of Ongoing CCMS Studies

Clean Products and Processes

Proceedings of the first meeting which took place under this pilot study are now available not only as a hard copy report but also at the CCMS website ( Held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, early in 1998, the main purpose of the meeting was to create the agenda for the pilot study through invited technical presentations, tour de table presentations from each country representative, and visits to laboratories engaged in cleaner production techniques. The meeting focused on discussing and exchanging ideas on factors and developments that embody clean manufacturing processes and products. Subjects of discussion included analytical tools such as life cycle assessment and process simulation; process tools such as green chemistry and separation processes; and sector-based industrial technologies such as those in the semiconductor industry. Countries represented were: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Lithuania, Moldova, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Switzerland, Turkey and UK. The next meeting will be held in Belfast, N. Ireland, on March 22-25, 1999.

Advanced Cancer Risk Assessment Methods

The next meeting of this pilot study is due to take place in March in Prague, Czech Republic. The study is led by Italy and the United States, and the first meeting in early 1998 was attended by experts from Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Lithuania, Moldova, Portugal, and Turkey. That meeting focused on the agreement of a research programme, and on organizational and planning aspects. Participants agreed on the idea of carrying out research and producing a book including both general theoretical aspects and an extended number of case studies that illustrate the application and the results of advanced cancer risk assessment methods. The following illustrative case studies will be treated by participants under the leadership of one country: Metabolic Parameters (Germany), Genetic Polymorphism (Italy), Cell Kinetics (USA), Receptor-Mediated Processes (Portugal), Age at Exposure (Belarus), Concurrent Exposures (Greece), Pattern of Exposure (USA) and Biomonitoring (Czech Republic).

CCMS Reports

All reports referred to here are available free-of-charge from the CCMS Secretariat, NATO Scientific Affairs Division (Fax -32 2 707 4232, e-mail

This Newsletter is published by the NATO Scientific Affairs Division, Brussels.
Any article in this Newsletter may be reproduced with proper acknowledgement.

Editor: Yves Sillard
Assistant Editor: Enid I. Austin
NATO, Scientific Affairs Division, Boulevard Leopold III, B-1110 Brussels, Belgium

(C) Scientific Affairs Division