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1. Choose one of the following 18th century utopian communities:
a. Brook Farm
b. Oneida Community (the Perfectionists)
c. The Rappites and Separatists
d. Robert Owen and The New Harmony Society
e. Zoar in Ohio
f. Amana Colony in Iowa
g. Ephrata Cloister in Pennsylvania



TASK: Your task is to contrast and compare a community in the 19th century with one in the 20th . This should be typed on a Microsoft document and turned in by the end of the period.

a. Why were the communities founded?
b. Who founded the communities?
c. Were there any unique characteristics to the communities?
d. Explain the failure of the 19th century community you selected.
e. Is community life difficult? Will The Farm be able to continue indefinitely?
f. Was the other modern commune you looked also a "hippie" community? Why did it come into existence?


3. Lastly, compare the "The Farm" to one of the other modern communes found at


You will find a good listing of existing utopian communities on this site.


Romanticism/Transcendentalism/Utopian Web Links

  • Romanticism: Artist, Movements, Ideas
  • American Transcendentalism Web
  • Transcendentalism-Authors
  • Concord Massachussetts

    Concepts: writing about history


    URLS for Utopian Communities

    From the Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute

    19th Century Utopias

    20th Century Utopias

    • THE FARM (Utopia?)
    • The Farm community is a cooperative enterprise of families and friends living on three square miles in southern middle Tennessee. We started the Farm in the hope of establishing a strongly cohesive, outwardly-directed community, a base from which we could, by action and example, have a positive effect on the world as a whole.
    • Twin Oaks: Intentional Community Homepage
    • Sunward Cohousing: an intentional community located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA "We are a group of people dedicated to creating a place where resources are shared, lives are simplified, the Earth is respected, diversity is welcomed, children play together in safety, and living in community with neighbors comes naturally."
    • Sunhouse coop
    • Acorn Community: "a group of people living, working. and playing together in central Virginia to build a joyful connecte life."

    Corporate Utopia?