Progress Bars

Progress bars are visual indicators of the progress of a task being carried out by the application, and provide important feedback. For information on using a progress bar within a progress window, see the section called “Progress Windows”.

You can use two main types of progress bars in your application— measured-progress bars and indeterminate-progress bars (the kind that bounce back and forth). In addition there are are three types of measured progress bars.


Time-remaining Progress Indicator

An animation consisting of a bar whose changing length indicates how much time remains in an operation, and text stating how much time remains before the operation will be complete. Time-remaining bars are the most useful type of progress bar.

Figure 6.26. A simple 'time remaining' progress bar

A simple time-remaining progress dialog

Use a time-remaining bar if your application will display an initial estimate of an operation's remaining time and then periodically display updated estimates. Each updated estimate should be based on changes that have occurred and that will cause the operation to finish more quickly or more slowly. If the operation will finish more slowly, your application can display an updated estimate that is greater than the estimate previously displayed.

Typical-time Progress Indicator

A bar whose changing length indicates how much time remains if an operation takes as long as it typically does. Typical-time bars are the least precise type of measured-progress bar, but they are more useful than indeterminate-progress bars.

Figure 6.27. A simple 'typical time remaining' progress bar

A simple 'typical time remaining' progress dialog

For some operations, you cannot estimate the time remaining or the proportion of work completed. However, if you can estimate the typical time for that operation, you can provide feedback with a typical-time bar.

If your application overestimates the completed amount of work, the length of the bar can indicate "almost complete" until the operation is complete. If your application underestimates how much work is complete, the application can fill the remaining portion of the bar when the operation is complete.

Indeterminate-progress indicator

An animated bar indicating only that an operation is ongoing, not how long it will take. One example is the "throbber" in a web browser. Indeterminate-progress bars are the least precise type of progress bar.

Figure 6.28. A simple 'indeterminate time' progress bar; the slider moves from left-to-right and back again until the operation is complete

A simple 'indeterminate time' progress dialog,
            showing a slider moving back and forth until the operation is

Use an indeterminate-progress bar to provide feedback only for operations whose duration you cannot estimate at all.