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Here's WHERE it is.

Abortion In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882)

Advertising, old (critques, etc.) See also separate directories pad directory, patent medicine, tampon directory, douches, pain, sprays and more in the links above.

See many American ads at Duke University

Are you in the know? (Kotex) (1944 (Canada), 1944 (USA), 1948, 1949, 1953, 1956 (booklet), 1964) - Australian (pads & belts, 1900s) (douching 1900)(for Camelia pads, 1952)(for Myzone pain pills, 1952) - Brevia confetti panty pads and tampons (1988, France) - Camelia pads (German, 1920s, 1930s, 1990) (1952, Australia) - Carefree (U.K.) liner pad ads - Carefree pads, Germany (1990 , pantiliners, 1970s) - Carefree Teen pantyliner (1991, USA) - Ad-design contest in Britain - Curads disposable pad (1920) - Dr. Pierce's patent medicine - Dr. White's tampons 1987 (United Kingdom)(1989, 3-D glasses) - Elldy tampon (Japan, 1996) - Famous people in menstrual hygiene advertising (Cathy Rigby, Lee Miller, Brenda Vaccaro, Carol Lynley, Susan Dey, Mary Lou Retton) - Flushable menstrual-pad ads (Modess, June 1972; Sani-Flite, Aug. 1971) - Fems pads (American, 1921) - Freedom (German; plastic bag with ad) (French 1990) (U.K.1990) - Fresca douching powder - Hartmann's pads (Germany, U.S.A., England, 1890s) Kotex (prototype 1921) (1920s, skating) (15 Nov 1922) (Jan. 1923) (July 1923, proof) (March 1926) (small, 1920s) (1933, Phantom) ("and I promised Mom - ," 1943) (March, 1949) (1960) (1992) (tampons, 1960s -1970s) (Are you in the know? (1948, 1949, 1953, 1956 [booklet, 1964])(1969, box, "sci-fi")(stick tampon 1990) - Liasan genital wash (German 1, 2, 1980s) - Lil-lets tampons (U.K., 1988) - Lines pads (Italy) - Lucky Strike cigarettes - Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound - Lysol douche (1928, 1948) - Marvel douche (1926) - Meds tampons (1941) (195?, Australia)(actual tampon 1967, USA)(ad 1967 USA) Midol menstrual pain pills (1938; booklet 1959) - Mene (U.K.) 1931 - Modess "Silent Purchase" June 1928 - (1928) (Modess . . . . because) (1931) (French) (Modess True or False? ad, The American Girl magazine, January 1947)- Hartmann's Mulpa (1890s, first German disposable pad) - Mum deodorant (1926 USA) - Myzone ad period pain pills 1952 - New Freedom adhesive pads, USA (1971) (1985) (Promotional leaflet for New Freedom pads, about 1971) - o.b. tampon (Germany 1950s,1970s) (USA, 1989) (France, 1989) - Old Dutch Cleanser (1920s) - Pursettes tampons (USA) (early, ? 1959) (early, April 1959) (1965) (Feb. 1974) (Oct. 1974) (undated, 1970s?), Pursettes ad offering educational material - first American ad to feature real person in menstrual products ad: Lee Miller, 1928, for Kotex - Rely tampon - Ria panty pads (German) - Saba pads (Denmark) (Mimosept Saba, Sweden, 1981) - Spalt-Tabletten pain pills (Germany, 1936) - Sterizol douche (1926) - Swedish adhesive pad (1970s) - Tampax: (first ad?, 1936) (1939) ("Are Vaginal Tampons Prejudicial to Health?": proof for a British Tampax ad, 1952) (Aug. 1965) (Tampax ad promoting use with thongs, February 1994) ("Are you sure I'll still be a virgin?" Feb. 1990) (1992) - Teenagers, ads for - Vania Girl (France, 1991) - Whenever panty pads (USA, 1987) - "Woman to Woman" [Camelia pads (German, 1920s), Fems pads (American, 1921)] - Zonite douche liquid (1928) - See also Tampons and Pads, below.

Amenorrhea absence of menstruation In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882) - The Science of a New Life, by John Cowan, M. D. (1875)

Anovulatory cycles

Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Animals and menstrual and vaginal odor Bears, sharks, humans, other primates - Some information about the earliest menstruating animals, etc
Apron, sanitary See Underwear

Art of Menopause exhibit; artists respond to menopause

Art of Menstruation exhibit; artists respond to menstruation

Art of Menopause by Coni Minneci

Art of Menstruation by art by Carlota Berard | Jennifer Boe | Luiza Brown | Nikoline Calcaterra | Judy Chicago | Selin Cileli | Maldoror Capvt Corvi | Molly Crealock | Maribel Cruz | Thomasin Durgin | Natalie Aniela Dybisz | Elvira | Anne Encephalon | Quiara Z. Escobar | Fanni Fazekas | Pat Fish | Marisa Frye | Julie Gaw | Gina | Kat Grandy | Martina Hoffmann (1 & 2) | Judy Jones | Brina Katz | Lorraine Lamothe | Ria Lee | Sharon Lee | Sarah McCutcheon | Isa Menzies | M. Parfitt | Petra Paul | Ana Elena Pena | Melina Piroso | Elentye Paulauskas-Poelker | Leigh Radtke | Nelson Soucasaux | Paula Speakman | Melina Szapiro | Von Taylor | Jean Tracy | Joseph Tonna | Jessica Wagner | Terry Wunderlich | Tamara Wyndham | New Guinea menstrual hut carving

Marie Claire (Italy) featured several of the above artists in an article in 2003, which aslo discussed this museum.


Art and Artists, non-menstrual FISH (early 20th cent. American woman)- Max Brödel - Harry Finley
Articles in the monthly news News, Notes and You
Articles, Essays, Zines (but not scientific ones; see Medicine, Menarche, Odor, Safety, Synchrony, Tampons for other articles) "Terms of Endearment," movie review by Geneva Kachman - "In Search of Menarche: An Interview with Molly Strange," by Geneva Kachman - "If Men Could Menstruate," by Gloria Steinem - "Before I Grew Up," by "Michelle" - Excerpts from Insane Action zine (#2, by Victoria Howe and Arn Poe), the menstruation issue (1999) - Super Tampon comic strip, by Victoria Howe
Asbestos and other harmful material in tampons and pads The rumor of asbestos in tampons, which has been alive since the 1970s, according to Nancy Friedman's Everything You Must Know About Tampons (1981, Berkley Books, New York)

Bags, disposal for used menstrual pads

From Europe and America

Ads for bags: Germany (with Camelia pad ad, 1990), America (with Whenever panty-pad ad, 1987) (with New Freedom pad ad, 1985)


Belts, sanitary napkin

Ads: Sears, 1928, 1946-47) (Modern belts)(washable) (Modess, 1960s )

Actual belts, including just pictures: Main list - 1945, "Classic" - packaging: before 1930: "Tru-Fit" - miscellaneous American in packaging - Swedish ad showing woman wearing belt - Kotex belt (1990) on mannequin - Dutch ads for Stayfree showing women wearing belts: 1972, 1973

Bidet allows men and women to wash feet, hair, beards, genitals and perineum in a toilet-like device. The bather usually rides it like a pony; Pony is what the word meant in the French of 400 or so years ago. Portable, French (1928)
Bimanual pelvic examination See Examination
Birth control pill (The Pill)

Enovid-E, 1964, physician's professional sample

Oral hormonal contraceptives, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Site-visitors' opinions intermingled in other discussions in the discussion of stopping menstruation with birth control pills and by other means.

Uninterrupted use of hormonal contraceptives for menstrual suppression: why I do not recommend it, by Brazilian gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Board of Directors of MUM Board of Directors
Booklets, menarche education, puberty, menstruation, facts of life, for parents, women and girls: see here for a detailed list. Article by Lynn Peril: Growing Up and Liking It - Growing Up and Liking It (by Modess) booklets (complete booklets: 1944, 1972) - Health Facts on Menstruation, by Lloyd Arnold, M.D. (Kotex, U.S.A., 1933) - Marjorie May's Twelfth Birthday (Kotex booklet, Australia, 1928, USA 1938) - Modess teacher's manual - Preparing for Womanhood (by Kotex, Australia, ca. 1928) - How shall I tell my daughter? (by Modess) booklets - Getting to Know Yourself (Pursettes, 1962) - now you are 10 (Kotex, 1958) - Teaching guides (Modess 1962, Tampax 1986) - "What a trained nurse wrote to her young sister," menarche booklet (The Personal Products Corp., maker of Modess pads, probably from the late 1930s or early 1940s) - "You're a young lady now" (booklet from Kotex, U.S.A., 1952)

Booklets, other

Personal Digest (Modess, Personal Products Company, 1966-67)

Promotional leaflet for New Freedom pads (about 1971

Books and articles about menstruation Bibilography of Menstruation - Menstruation and religion - Bücher auf deutsch (German books) - Magic and Medicine in Menstruation (booklet from Schering Corporation, Medical Research Division, U.S.A., 1934, promoting Progynon)
Books and pamphlets, advice for women Sex Facts for Women, by Richard J. Lambert, Ph.G. [sic?], M.D. (booklet, 1936) - Married Love, by Maria Carmichael Stokes, D.Sc., London; Ph.D., Munich, founder of the first birth control clinic in the British Empire. This is the first American edition allowed by censors, published in 1931 by G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York (The Knickerbocker Press)
Bowl for soaking used washable menstrual pads  New Cycle, early 1990s
Breasts Articles by gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux: The breasts: some morphological aspects - Premenstrual congestion of the breasts - Women's experience of the breasts
Carrier or Case for tampons and pads Vinnie's (1998)

Cats of the Museum of Menstruation (many, among them Mack C. Padd, Maxine Padd, Minnie Padd, Pam T. Padd, Meds, fax, Fibs and Wix ) Prof. Mack C. Padd, the Distinguished Service Institutional Wallace C. Meyer Memorial Pouncer - Slacking off (tenure review) and discussion of three cats - meowing order (organizational structure) of the cats
Cats in general Essays, etc.
Celtic views on menstruation and religion  
Chinese pad and belt Contemporary (2000)
Chlorosis "green sickness," a form of anemia common among 19th-century adolescent girls, often attributed to masturbation, indolence, etc. Read a long, interesting discussion in Drawing Blood, by Keith Wailoo, 1997, Johns Hopkins Press In The Science of a New Life (1875)
Colposcopy examination of the cervix of the uterus and of the vagina by a special instrument Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
Comic strip about this museum Sylvia, by Nicole Hollander
Companies, menstrual hygiene SCA Mølnlycke (Norway) - What does o.b. mean? - Tampax gives MUM big gift - The Keeper menstrual cup - Instead menstrual cup - InSync Miniform interlabial pads
Company booklets (facts of life) for girls and their parents (whole list)  

Congressional bills H.R. 2900 and 890 Tampon Safety and Research Acts of 1997 and 1999 (sponsored by Rep. Carolyn Maloney, Democrat of New York)
Constipation In The Intimate Side of a Woman's Life, by Leona Chalmers, 1937, U.S.A. - Dr. Young's Improved Rectal Dilators (U.S.A., 1900?-1940?); it's probably a masturbation device
Contraception

The "Pill": Oral hormonal contraceptives, technical article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

A short history of contraception and religion - Egyptian hieroglyphics from about 1550 B.C.E. describing a tampon used for contraception

Australian douche ads in the "Wife's Guide and Friend": The Australian government prosecuted this publication for being obscene because it advertised contraceptives and contained birth control information.

Fresca douche powder (early 20th century, U.S.A.); the label contains language possibly hinting at contraceptive use.

Current discussion about using birth control pills to stop menstruation (including Seasonale)

Selections from Married Love (first published 1918), Dr. Marie Stopes' book that was long banned in America. Dr. Stopes founded the first birth-control clinic in the British Empire, in 1921, and it's still running

Uninterrupted use of hormonal contraceptives for menstrual suppression: why I do not recommend it, by Brazilian gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Costumes

Menarche costume from British Columbia, Canada

Ancient Greece: "Dress, Gender and the Menstrual Culture of Ancient Greece," by Amy Pence-Brown

Dress made of Instead cups, worn by the founder of the Ultrafem company on public relations occasions
drawing, and letter giving costume to MUM - photo

Halloween costume worn by a member of the team at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A., that developed the Instead menstrual cup
photo and story

"Priest's" robe of pads, etc., that caused a controversy in Canada
newspaper photo and story

Cups, menstrual, history, your comments Catamenial sack (1867) - Comparison between the Keeper and Instead (also in News) - Daintette - Foldene - Leona Chalmers patent for Tassette (1937) - The Keeper -Tassaway (history) (1970s) - Tassette
Customs, menstrual

India:
Teaching girls about menstruation and how to make washable pads, in the state of Rajasthan, by MacArthus FLD Fellow Lakshmi Murthy
Washable pads for women in Almora, Uttar Pradesh state, giving them more freedom, contributed by Dr. Margaret Greene

Slapping the girl who starts menstruating, in Jewish custom:
The Tradition of Slapping Our Daughters, by Caren Appel-Slingbaum

Slapping questionnaire for you, by Lana Thompson

Connected with religion:
Books about menstruation and religion - Religion and Menstruation: e-mail exchanges - Leviticus 15 (Old Testament) and verses from Luke, Matthew and Mark

And there are many contributions through the Letters to your MUM section of news pages

Daintiness advertisers often used this word in menstrual products ads Nupak menstrual pads, 1926, 1927 - Kotex menstrual pads, 1932 - Daintette menstrual cup (by Dainty Maid, Inc., U.S.A.) - Personal Daintiness, booklet by "Mrs. Barton," for Fems pads, 1921
Dispensers, tampon and pad

Kotex (1920s-1930s) (1960s?) - Modess (1960s?) - Kotex dispenser offer (flyer, 1968) - Modess Because - Neps - Pure Nap

Home tampon dispenser (cabinet) from Sweden, of beechwood, contemporary and for sale from maker.


Douches, vaginal lotions and gels, deodorants

Amolin, The Personal Deodorant Powder (U.S.A., 1930s?) - Daintette douche (USA) - Kotique douche (USA 1972) - Lysol douche ad (USA, 1928, 1948) - Liasan genital wash ad (Germany, 1980s a, 1980s b) - Marvel ad (USA, 1926) - Mum deodorant ad (1926, USA) - Sterizol ad (1928, USA) - Vionell genital spray deodorant with Cheryl Tiegs (Germany, 1970) - Zero-Jel vaginal cream (USA) - Zonite douche liquid (USA, 1928)

Douche syringe ("Faultless"), 1960s-1970s?, U.S.A.

Douche syringe ("Mon Docteur" from Mary Coleman) in box, douche tablets in box and assorted printed material, American, about 1928-29.

The Perils of Vaginal Douching (essay by Luci Capo Rome)

Education, menstrual

List of facts-of-life booklets companies made for girls and parents.

German article in Bravo, magazine for teens (1980s)

Endocrinology of the menstrual cycle, current ideas Article by Brazilian gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
Endometriosis Caused by menstrual cups? Not enough evidence, says the FDA. Read the FDA's decision.
Eugenics the definition from Sir Francis Galton: "the science which deals with all the influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race. It has also been called the science of improving the human race by better breeding." Safe Counsel/ or/ Practical Eugenics, excerpts, by B. G. Jeffries, M.D., Ph.D., J. L. Nichols, A.M., Ozora S. Davis, Ph.D., and Dr. Emma F. A. Drake (39th edition, 1928, J. L. Nichols & Co., Naperville, Illinois, U.S.A.)
Examination physical, pelvic, genitals

Using doll (China,19th century)

Sims position (started 19th cent.)

The Touch (le toucher) 19th cent. U.S.A.

The gynecologic palpation, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Facts-of-life booklets for girls and their families List of those on this site.
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions about this museum, with biography of the founder, Harry Finley
Female sexual response  Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
Films, videos In Search of Juan Colorado - Under Wraps
G-spot (Gräfenberg Spot) An alleged area in the vagina and urethra that is very sexually responsive Gräfenberg Spot, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Germany, a Note from, by Petra Habiger Camelia pad ad and Frau Habiger's introduction - Agevis menstrual pain medicine, and cartoon
Gilbreth report (1927) to Johnson & Johnson about what women wanted in menstrual pads, by Dr. Lillian Gilbreth: perhaps the first formal study of the menstrual-hygiene wishes of women Gilbreth report (summary and discussion, with excerpts)
Gräfenberg Spot (G-spot) An alleged area in the vagina and urethra that is very sexually responsive Gräfenberg Spot, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
Greek (ancient) menstrual culture and dress

"Dress, Gender and the Menstrual Culture of Ancient Greece," by Amy Pence-Brown

Gynecological assistance

The three basic areas: article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Psychosomatic gynecology, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Hair, too much on a woman's body Hypertrichosis, Hirsutism and Androgenic Manifestations in Women by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux at MUM
History of Menstruation

Prehistory of Menstruation (in English) - (in German): Frühgeschichte der Menstruation

What did European and American women use for menstruation in the past?

The first Kotex ad campaign, 1921, with four ads from 1921: January, May, July, November

How Tampax tampons began

How much menstrual "fluid" do women lose in menstruation? Tampax company estimate (about 1950) - The Dickinson estimate (Journal of the American Medical Association, 1945)
Huts, menstrual, and menstrual seclusion Dogon of Mali - Hawaiian - in India - Suriname (discussed by Sally Price, Dittman Professor of American Studies at the College of William and Mary)
India  Some menstrual customs, with suggestions for improved ways of absorbing menses and education:
Teaching girls about menstruation and how to make washable pads, in the state of Rajasthan, by MacArthus FLD Fellow Lakshmi Murthy
Washable pads for women in Almora, Uttar Pradesh state, giving them more freedom, contributed by Dr. Margaret Greene

Interlabial pads absorbent pads between the lips of the vulva InSync Miniform
Irregular menstruation In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882) - Plain Facts for Old and Young: Embracing the Natural History and Hygiene of Organic Life, by J. H. Kellogg, M. D. (1892)
Japan Early 20th cent. menstrual belts (and comparison with a drawing by English artist Aubrey Beardsley) - early 20th cent. instructions for homemade belts and pads and discussion of the "pony," uma) - early 20th cent. menstrual underpants - Shampon Young stick tampons (1977) - ad for Elldy tampons (1996) - tampons with finger cots - words and expressions for menstruation

Jokes, menstrual - main humor page Advertisements (Freedom, by Kimberly-Clark, in Germany, U.K., and France) - Dr. Michael Abramson's poetry - Humor in Advertising - "If Men Could Menstruate," by Gloria Steinem - menstrual humor in general - Norwegian joke (in Norwegian, about blondes)
Karnaky, Dr. Karl John American doctor who published an article about using a powder and pill inserted into the vagina to make the menstrual discharge disappear (1959)
Leucorrhea ("the whites") white or colorless vaginal discharge In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882)
Letters (see also much e-mail in the News, Notes and You) About Pads - Interesting ones to MUM - Letter page
Links to other sites NetConnect - but also see the hundreds of news updates for links I have not yet added (I'm overwhelmed)
Marie Claire magazine, Italian edition (September[?] 2003) "Profondo Rosso," article about menstruation featuring artists and products from this Web site; it discusses this museum and the culture of menstruation.

Masturbation

In the following: The Science of a New Life, by John Cowan, M. D. (1875) - Plain Facts for Old and Young: Embracing the Natural History and Hygiene of Organic Life, by J. H. Kellogg, M. D. (1892) - Dr. R. V. Pierce's "Spermatorrhea" section of The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser (63rd edition, 1895) - The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882) - Sexology, by Prof. William H. Walling, A.M., M.D. (1912) - Gynecology, by Howard A. Kelly, A. B., M.D., LL. D. (1928) - Dr. Young's Improved Rectal Dilators for the Auxiliary Treatment of Piles and Constipation (U.S.A., 1900?-1940?), probably a masturbation device

And Rachel Maines wrote an amazing book about doctors' masturbating their patients, male and female, as a treatment, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: The Technology of Orgasm: "Hysteria," the Vibrator, and Women's Sexual Satisfaction (Johns Hopkins Press, 1999) -


Media (TV, radio, print, Internet) reaction to MUM

The Media and MUM

Maclean's magazine (Canada): December 2005 story about indefinitely stopping menstruation, link to article, three pages on MUM, paragraphs about MUM director.

Medicine, Patent Medicine and Medical Problems with products

Patent medicines: Cardui - Dr. Grace Feder Thompson - Dr. Pierce's - Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound - Orange Blossom - Dr. Schenck's Mandrake Pills, on a trade card for journalist Nellie Bly.

Rochester Patriot newspaper: early articles about Rely tampon (1975-76)

Medical aspects of menstruation, current

Articles by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux: Anatomical drawings - Anovulatory cycles - Archetypal aspects of the female genitals - The breasts: some morphological aspects - Colposcopy - Endocrinology of menstruation - The curious relations between androgens and estrogens in women - Female sexual response - Gynecological assistance: the three basic areas - Gynecologist versus obstetrician: what lies behind the combination? - "Gyneco-obstetric-surgical" stubborness and the perpetuation of one of the greatest mistakes of women's medicine - Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKHauser) Syndrome - Menstrual toxin: An old name for a real thing? - Nature and the ovaries - Oral hormonal contraceptives (the "Pill") - The ovaries: some functional and archetypal considerations - Peculiarities of the female genitals' sensory innervation - Physiology of menstruation - Polycystic ovaries syndrome - Premenstrual congestion of the breasts - Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) - Psychosomatic and symbolic aspects of menstruation - Psychosomatic gynecology - Symmetric patterns in the female genitals - Uninterrupted use of hormonal contraceptives for menstrual suppression: why I do not recommend it - The uterine cervix - Uterine contractility - The Uterus and the female "passive-active" - Women's corporeal consciousness and experience, Women's Experience of the Breasts,, and see his Art of Menstruation

Menarche articles and company booklets for girls and their parents(whole list). See also here for a detailed list.

"Growing Up and Liking It" (article by Lynn Peril) - "Menarche in America" (article by Shirley Landis) - Marjorie May's Twelfth Birthday (Kotex booklet, Australia, 1928, USA 1938) - Envelope with return address of Mary Pauline Callender, author of Marjorie May's Twelfth Birthday, etc. - Preparing for Womanhood (Kotex, ca. 1928) - How shall I tell my daughter? booklets (by Modess) - Growing up and liking it booklets (by Modess) - "Before I Grew Up" - "What a trained nurse wrote to her young sister," menarche booklet (The Personal Products Corp., maker of Modess pads, probably from the late 1930s or early 1940s) - now you are 10, (Kotex, 1958) - "The Periodic Cycle," booklet for older teenage girls (The Personal Products Corp., 1938) - "You're a young lady now" (booklet from Kotex, U.S.A., 1952)

Average age at menarche in various cultures


Menopause In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882) - The Science of a New Life, by John Cowan, M. D. (1875
Menotoxin "menstrual poison"

A short, incomplete history 

Menstrual toxin: An old name for a real thing? by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux


Menstrual extraction Menstrual blood extractor - Web site about menstrual extraction
Menstrual huts Engraving of hut in Caucasia - Dogon of Mali - Hawaiian - in India - New Guinea carving on hut - Suriname (discussed by Sally Price, Dittman Professor of American Studies at the College of William and Mary)
Mikvah ritual bath for Orthodox Jews Engraving, of 18th century mikvah - Read also a book about medieval-to-modern Jewish menstrual history: "Niddah. Lorsque les juifs conceptualisent la menstruation" ("Niddah. When the Jews conceptualized menstruation") by Evyatar Marienberg, 2004 (in French)
Miller, Lee (Life magazine photographer) Appeared in first menstrual hygiene ad to use a real person

Miscellaneous The Society for Menstrual Cycle Research conference (1997) - Tampax sign (World War II) - Love Mirror magazine cover (1932)
Mosher, Clelia Duel, M.D. Well-known American advocate of reducing menstrual flow, etc. Woman's Physical Freedom, by Clelia Duel Mosher, M.D., The Woman's Press, New York City, 1923
Museum cybertours MUM (static, on this site) - MUM video (on another site) - Norwegian museum
Napkins, sanitary See Pads and Washable pads

Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman) famous American journalist Nellie Bly trade cards
Norwegian museum exhibit about menstruation Norwegian Museum (showing the history of the SABA/SCA Mølnlycke pad company)
Nymphomania In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882)
Odor, pheromones menstrual, vaginal, etc.
Olor, Traducido por María García (Translation of the MUM odor page into Spanish by ©María García 2005)

Animals' reaction to menstrual odor - role in reproduction - Quest napkin powder (for odor), Regulation of ovulation by human pheromones - (in German) "Wenn Frauen sich riechen können" - U.S. patent for "vulvar deodorant system," 1976

Menstrual synchrony, including Martha McClintoch's famous article Menstrual Synchrony and Suppression, in Science magazine (1971)

A patent medicine, Orange Blossom Suppositories: "A deodorant for unpleasant vaginal odors"

What causes the odor of menstruation?

Ovary Articles by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux: Nature and the Ovaries, The Ovaries: Some Functional and Archetypal Considerations

Pads (sanitary napkins, towels, also padettes), napkin powder. See also Advertising, above. DIRECTORY of actual pads and pad ads on this site.

See demonstration that tabs in back must be longer than those in front

(Partial list; see directory of pads for complete list) Carefree panty pads for teens - Cellu-Ettes (Sears, 1928) - Chinese (Anerle brand) - Confidets (U.S.A., 1961-1980s) - Diapers compared to pads - Early German disposable - Gilbreth report (1927) to Johnson & Johnson about improving pads - inSync between-the-labia pads ("miniforms") - Italian washable (ca. 1890) - Knitted Norwegian 19th cent. washable pads (also here) - Kotex (in Sears, 1928) (how to dispose of, 1920s) - Kotex box 1969 (U.S.A.) - Wrapped Kotex pad for West Disinfecting Company dispenser (mid 1930s) - Miniform (formerly Padettes) (interlabial pads) - Wrapped Modess pad for dispenser (1930s?) - Montgomery Ward catalog, 1924-25 - New Freedom, an early beltless pad (American, by Kotex; box bears a copyright of 1970) - Quest napkin powder - Ria panty pads - Venus pads, traveling package, 1930-1940s (USA) - Washable Pads
Pain, menstrual

PMS, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Midol ad (1938) - Midol booklet: What Women Want to Know (1959) - Myzone pain pills ad 1952 (Australia) - Spalt-Tabletten (Germany, 1936)

PMS Crunch snack



In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882) - The Science of a New Life, by John Cowan, M. D. (1875)
Panties (women's underpants) Complete list of underpants on this site
Panties, sanitary Complete list of underpants on this site
Patent medicine Main page - Dr. Young's rectal dilators - Lydia Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, etc. - Cardui medicine - Dr. Grace Feder Thompson's letter appealing for patients, and biography, with documents - Dr. Pierce's medicines - Dr. E. C. Abbey's The Sexual System and Its Derangements (1882) - Orange Blossom medicine.
Small boxes of old American patent medicine: Murray & Nickell Blue Cohosh Root | Murray & Nickell Cotton Root Bark | Allaire Woodward & Co. Oak Bark-White | Wampole's Vaginal Cones with Picric Acid | Humphreys "31" | Orange Blossom Suppositories | Dr. Pierce's Vaginal Tablets | Micajah's Medicated Wafers | Santrex Formula 52T | Sedets
Pelvis, woman's

See Examination

Showing position of pad during menstruation and demonstrating that attachment tabs in the rear must be longer than those in the front (not that you asked)

Pheromones and odor

Animals' reaction to menstrual odor - role in reproduction - Quest napkin powder (for odor), Regulation of ovulation by human pheromones - (in German) "Wenn Frauen sich riechen können" - U.S. patent for "vulvar deodorant system," 1976

Menstrual synchrony, including Martha McClintoch's famous article Menstrual Synchrony and Suppression, in Science magazine (1971)

Physiology of menstruation, current ideas Article by Brazilian gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
(The) "Pill" (meaning the birth control pill, an oral hormonal contraceptive)

Enovid-E, 1964, physician's professional sample

Oral hormonal contraceptives, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Site-visitors' opinions intermingled in other discussions in the discussion of stopping menstruation with birth control pills and by other means.

Uninterrupted use of hormonal contraceptives for menstrual suppression: why I do not recommend it, by Brazilian gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

PMS (Premenstrual syndrome), current ideas

Article by Brazilian gynecologist Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Premenstrual congestion of the breasts, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux


Poetry, Songs see complete list here Poems by Michael Abramson, M.D. - "timeless," poem by Joe Davis - "A Death in the Family," by Ellaraine Lockie
Polycystic ovaries syndrome Article by Lynn Dunning - Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
Profuse menstruation In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882) - The Science of a New Life, by John Cowan, M. D. (1875)
Psychology (see also item below)

Women's corporal consciousness and experience, article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Psychosomatic and Symbolic Aspects of Menstruation

 Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Psychosomatic gynecology, Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Rectal dilators

Dr. Young's Improved Rectal Dilators for the Auxiliary Treatment of Piles and Constipation
(U.S.A., 1900?-1940?)

Religion and menstruation

Religión y menstruación (Religion and Menstruation in Spanish)

Books about menstruation and religion - Religion and Menstruation: e-mail exchanges - Leviticus 15 (Old Testament) and verses from Luke, Matthew and Mark
Remedies for menstrual problems, your Your remedies
Reports about MUM Television, Radio, Newspapers, Magazines, Books - Letters - Comedy Central - Sylvia comic strip - The Village Voice (New York City)

Safety of tampons, menstrual cups

Seguridad de productos para la menstruación

Products safety

"Are Vaginal Tampons Prejudicial to Health?" (Proof for a British Tampax ad, 1952)

Sales pamphlets, etc., for sellers of menstrual products

How to sell Kotex (page for trade publications, probably early 1920s, U.S.A.)

"Your Image is Your Fortune!," Modess sales-hints booklet for stores, 1967 (U.S.A.)

Sanitary apron American, 1914, based on Sears, Roebuck model
Scientific and medical news items
See also the medical articles by Nelson Soucasaux (below)
The Science of Menstruation page - Product safety
Seasonale proposed 90-day pill package suppressing menstruation for three months, by Barr Laboratories (August 2000) Short discussion
Sex during menstruation Is it safe?
Sexual response (female) Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux
Shame in menstrual hygiene advertising Kotex (1992) - Pursettes (1974) - Shame in advertising

Slapping a daughter when she first menstruates, in Jewish tradition

The Tradition of Slapping Our Daughters, by Caren Appel-Slingbaum

Slapping questionnaire for you, by Lana Thompson

Smell of menstrual discharge What causes it?
Soucasaux, Dr. Nelson, Brazilian gynecologist Articles he's contributed: More articles by Dr. Soucasaux: Anatomical drawings - Anovulatory cycles - Archetypal aspects of the female genitals - The breasts: some morphological aspects - Colposcopy - Comments on the corpus luteum and related aspects - The curious relations between androgens and estrogens in women - Endocrinology of menstruation - The Fallopian tubes - Female sexual response - The Gräfenberg Spot (G-Spot) - The Gynecologic Palpation (descendant of "The Touch") - Gynecological assistance: the three basic areas - Gynecology and Gynecologic Surgery - Gynecologist versus obstetrician: what lies behind the combination? - "Gyneco-obstetric-surgical" stubborness and the perpetuation of one of the greatest mistakes of women's medicine - Hypermenorrhea and/or Menorrhagia (Prolonged and/or Excessive Menstrual Bleedings) - Hypertrichosis, Hirsutism and Androgenic Manifestations in Women - Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKHauser) Syndrome - Menstrual toxin: An old name for a real thing? - Nature and the ovaries - On the Strange Nature of the Ovaries - Oral hormonal contraceptives (the "Pill") - The Ovaries: Some Functional and Archetypal Considerations - Peculiarities of the Female Genitals' Sensory Innervation - Physiology of menstruation - Polycystic ovaries syndrome - The Possibility of Becoming Pregnant, Its Implications for Women, and Abortion - Premenstrual congestion of the breasts - Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) - The Psychology of Gynecology - Psychosomatic and symbolic aspects of menstruation - Psychosomatic gynecology - Some Details on the Function of the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Ovaries Axis - Stanislav Grof's Perinatal Matrixes of the Unconscious and Women's Medicine - Symmetric Patterns in the Female Genitals - Thoughts on Female Sexual Psychology - Uninterrupted use of hormonal contraceptives for menstrual suppression: why I do not recommend it - The uterine cervix - Uterine contractility - The Uterus and the Female "Passive-Active" - Women's corporeal consciousness and experience - Women's Experience of the Breasts - Women's Undesired Pregnancies and Women's Right to Abortion and see his Art of Menstruation
Spermatorrhea (loss of sperm, but not by intercourse) See Masturbation

Sponges, menstrual, contraceptive and for introducing medicine into the vagina World War II (?) sponge with case - undated sponges with container - Anna Health Sponge and container
Steinem, Gloria "If Men Could Menstruate" (funny article)
Sterility In The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882)

Stop menstruating: Would you if you could?

Opinions sent in by visitors to this site

Maclean's magazine (Canada): December 2005 story about indefinitely stopping menstruation, link to article, three pages on MUM, paragraphs about MUM director.

Stopes, Maria Carmichael, D.Sc., London; Ph.D., Munich, founder of the first birth control clinic in the British Empire. Readers of the Guardian newspaper, in the United Kingdom, voted Dr. Stopes "Woman of the Millennium." Married Love, first American edition allowed by censors, published in 1931 by G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York (The Knickerbocker Press)
Stopping or suppressing menstruation Seasonale, seeking FDA approval to stop menstruation for three month periods (August 2000)
Symbolism of menstruation Article by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux - also his Archetypal Aspects of the Female Genitals
Synchrony, menstrual (women living together menstruating together) Part of the menstrual odor discussion - the article (from Nature) Menstrual synchrony and suppression" by Martha McClintock (1971) - Pheromones influence the menstrual cycle (K. Stern and Martha McClintock, 1998, a summary from Nature magazine)

Talk Getting Personal
Tampons see complete list - See also Advertising, above Colleens: "New Internal Sanitary Protection" (1961) - Early commercial tampons (fax, Fibs, Tampax, Wix, Nunap, Slim-pax, Nappons, Moderne Women) - Earliest history of tampon - "The Dickinson Report" (article comparing pads and tampons, 1945, based on JAMA article) - ad for Elldy tampons (Japan, 1996) - Freedom box (Kimberly-Clark, France) - Lil-lets (South Africa, 1978) - Japanese tampon with finger cots - Meds: main page with tampon, instructions 1, instructions 2 - Nunap (fax in disguise?) - Pursettes, tampon, box and tote - Rely tampon - Rochester Patriot newspaper: early articles about Rely tampon (1975-76) - Russian tampon - Shampon Young tampons (Japan, 1977) - Syngyna (instrument for testing tampon absorption capacity) - San-Nap-Pak tampon ad - Tampax sign (World War II) - first tampon with applicator, 1931-33? box, tampon, instructions - (1936) Tampax box, tampon, patent, ad , instructions, dealer's instructions, dealers' advisory
Tampon and Other Products Safety Asbestos, dioxin, viscose rayon, toxic shock
See also the Tampax Bulletins the company published around 1950

Dr. Philip Tierno, Jr. answers questions

"Are Vaginal Tampons Prejudicial to Health?" (Proof for a British Tampax ad, 1952)


Tampon Safety and Research Acts of 1997 and 1999, H.R. 2900 and 890 Discussion - Statement by Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney, the sponsor
Teachers' materials Teacher's kit from Modess: "Educational Portfolio on Menstrual Hygiene" (early 1950s)
Testing tampons and pads Syngyna (instrument for testing tampon absorption capacity)
The Touch See Examination
Toys Kotex boxes for a doll house
Travelers' boxes for pads and tampons Here
Underwear, menstrual & regular, belts, aprons, underpants, etc. Complete list of women's underpants on this site

Very short history, 1700-1900

APRONS (1914 Sears) (1928 Sears) - Box for Form-Fit sanitary apron - BELTS (ads: Sears, Roebuck 1902, 1928, 1946-47) (Modern belts)(washable) (Modess, 1960s) (real: 1945, "Classic") (packaging: before 1930, "Tru-Fit") - Ad for Hickory sanitary napkin belts (1920s?) - (Japanese ads, early 20th century) - Montgomery Ward catalog, 1924-25 - miscellaneous packaging - SUSPENDERS (various ads and how suspenders worked) THONGS panty pad to be used with a thong, from SCA (1999) - Tampax tampon ad promoting use with thongs - UNDERPANTS (non-menstrual): Complete list of those on this site, (open-crotch drawers, U.S.A., 1890s) (first brief, Sears, 1935) (actual SheShells underpants, 1970s) - "SANITARY" UNDERPANTS, i.e., menstrual (Sears, 1928, 1946-47) (bloomers, Sears, 1922) (step-in, Hickory, 1928) (Modess, 1960s) - Montgomery Ward catalog, 1924-25 - (actual Modess "Sanitary Shield,"1972) (Japanese, ads from early 20th century) - actual Pursettes tampon panty (1968)


Unusual Wax anatomical figure (18th century) - Halloween costume made from menstrual pads and tampons - Dress made from Instead menstrual cups, made and worn on certain occasions by the inventor of the cup; donated to this museum
Uterus (womb)

Problems: in The Sexual System and Its Derangements, by Dr. E. C. Abbey (1882)

The uterine cervix, Uterine contractility, articles by Dr. Nelson Soucasaux

Washable pads General subject - German pattern for making pads at home, ca. 1900 - Proposal for a German washable pad and belt, 1894 - India (in Almora, Uttar Pradesh state) - 19th century Italian - early 20th Japanese, with instructions for making at home, successor of the pony, or uma -19th century Norwegian - Contemporary pattern for home sewing, - Snap-on - With underpants - With belt - Sears, Roebuck, 1908 (USA)
Wave, menstrual An apt 19th and early 20th description of the effect of hormones on a woman's body during the menstrual cycle.
"Woman to woman" named women as spokepeople for, or somehow representing, companies

Woman to woman (Mrs. Barton for Fems, 1921, U.S.A.; Schwester Thekla for Camelia, 1920s?, Germany)

Mary Pauline Callender, author of the Marjorie May menarche booklets for girls, for Kotex


Words and expressions for menstruation List: U.S.A. and many other countries

Would you stop menstruating if you could?

Opinions sent in by visitors to this site

Google
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