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The New York Times on the Web
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With an introductory essay, Saigon's Finale, by Malcolm W. Browne.
Special to The New York Times Learning Network
spacer FROM THE ARCHIVES
1968-1999

Background (5 articles)
1968-1974
Shortly after the North Vietnamese launched an aggressive military campaign in 1968, President Johnson recommended the halt of the bombing of North Vietnam. Five years later, President Nixon signed the cease fire agreement ending U.S. military involvement in Vietnam.

Road to Surrender (7 articles)
MARCH-APRIL 1975
Without American military aid, the Saigon government was unable to fend off North Vietnamese attacks. South Vietnam crumbled as Americans evacuated and thousands of Vietnamese scrambled to flee their country.

The Aftermath (4 articles)
1975-1985
Refugees flowed out of the region. Thousands of Vietnamese "boat people" were stranded, awaiting offers of asylum. Cambodian refugees reported atrocities committed by their government. In the United States, Vietnam veterans struggled to make sense of the conflict that had torn the country apart.

Renewal (2 articles)
1995-1999
In 1995, more that 20 years after the fall of Saigon, the United States formally extended full diplomatic recognition to Vietnam. In 1999, a new U.S. consulate was dedicated in Saigon, a symbol of a new but unsure relationship of old enemies trying to be friends.



INTERNATIONAL WEB SPECIAL
Vietnam Today: A Different War
By April 30, 1975, the ruinous decade-long conflict known to Americans as the Vietnam War, and to Vietnamese as the American War, was over. The New York Times looks back on the war and its legacy, and ahead to Vietnam's future.

WEB EXCLUSIVES
• In an audio feature, experts discuss the war and its aftermath.
• A multimedia look at Vietnam in 2000.
Times coverage of the fall of Saigon and what followed.
Memories, experiences and opinions — in Abuzz.





Slide Show
(11 photos)
Ask a Reporter
Fox ButterfieldFormer Vietnam correspondent Fox Butterfield's answers to students' questions about Vietnam.
Graphics
A photo gallery, historic maps and New York Times front pages about the Vietnam War

Lesson Plan
Living Vietnam Memorials: Exploring First-Hand Accounts of the Vietnam War


Quiz
Test your knowledge of the fall of Saigon

Chronology
A timeline of events in Vietnam and the United States from 1973-1975

Web Guide
A list of useful sites about the Vietnam War



Copyright 2000 The New York Times Company