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Secret Warfare: Operation Gladio and NATO's Stay-Behind Armies

Edited by Daniele Ganser and Christian Nuenlist

The PHP welcomes scholarly comments of any length and in any language, provided the author is identified by name and address. They should be sent to php (a) sipo.gess.ethz.ch. They will appear on the website in full or edited with the author's approval. The PHP reserves the right not to publish the comments received.

 

Documents
Memorandum from Lieutenant General Leon W. Johnson (US Representative of NATO Military Committee and Standing Group) to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff
Subject: Clandestine Intelligence
Source: Declassified Documents Reference System, Document no. 133, 1980.
31 December 1956
Language: English

Report by the Italian Military Secret Service (SIFAR) on Operation "Gladio"
Origin: SIFAR, Office "R", Section "SAD"
Subject: "SIFAR Special Forces and Operation 'Gladio'"
Source: Primo Moroni, Mario Coglitore and Sandro Scarso (eds.),
La notte dei Gladiatori: Omissioni e silenzi della repubblica (Padova: Calusca Edizioni, (2)1992)

1 June 1959
Language: Italian

US Field Manual 30-31B 18
Author: General William C. Westmoreland (Chief of Staff of the US Army)
Source: Regine Igel, Andreotti: Politik zwischen Geheimdienst und Mafia (München: Herbig, 1997), Appendix, pp. 345-58.

March 1970
Language: German Translation

William Colby, "Chapter Three: A Scandinavian Spy," in Honorable Men: My Life in the CIA (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978), pp. 78-107.

1978
Language: English
Memorandum from Director Signal Intelligence (Major General Horst Männchen)
to Deputy Director of the East German Ministry of State Security
(Lieutenant General Gerhard Neiber)

Source: BStU Archives, Berlin

6 November 1984
Language: German

Report by Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti to the Stragi Commission of the Italian Senate
Subject: "SID parallelo - Operazione Gladio
Source: Jean-François Brozzu-Gentile, L'affaire Gladio: Les réseaux secret américains au coeur du terrorisme en Europe (Paris: Albin Michel, 1994), Appendix, pp. 253-59.
October 1990
Language: French Translation

Parlamentary Investigation into the Swiss Defense Ministry 1 2
Authors: Swiss Parlamentary Commission (Mr. Carlo Schmid, President of the Commission)
Subject: "Bericht der parlamentarischen Untersuchungskommission zur besonderen Klärung von Vorkommnissen von grosser Tragweite im Eidgenössischen Militärdepartement," pp. 175-277.

17 November 1990
Language: German
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by the National Security Archive
Author: Malcolm Byrne, National Security Archive
Subject: "CIA's 'Operation Gladio'"
15 March 1991
Language: English
Parlamentary Investigation into the Existence of a Secret Internatioanl Intelligence Network in Belgium
Authors: Belgian Senate (Mr. Erdman and Mr. Hasquin)
Subject: Enquête parlementaire sur l'existence en Belgique d'un réseau de renseignements clandestin international

1 October 1991
Language: French / Flemish
Parlamentary Investigation into Terrorism in Italy
Author: Italian Senate (Giovanni Pellegrino, President of the Senate Commission)
Subject: "Il terrorismo, le stragi ed il contesto storico-politico"


1995
Language: Italian
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by Daniele Ganser
Author: Daniele Ganser
Subject: "Freedom of Information Act Request on CIA's 'Operation Gladio'"
14 December 2000
Language: English
First Reply (Request Declined) by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to Daniele Ganser re: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request on Operation Gladio
Author: Kathryn I. Dyer, Information and Privacy Coordinator (CIA)
Subject: "CIA's 'Operation Gladio'"

28 December 2000
Language: English
Appeal to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by Daniele Ganser re: FOIA Request on Operation Gladio
Author: Daniele Ganser
Subject: "Freedom of Information Act Request on CIA's 'Operation Gladio'"

23 January 2001
Language: English
Second Reply (Request Accepted, but Pending) by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to Daniele Ganser re: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request on Operation Gladio
Author: Kathryn I. Dyer, Information and Privacy Coordinator (CIA)
Subject: "CIA's 'Operation Gladio'"

7 February 2001
Language: English

 

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