E Kavi - A Universal Platform for Global Kannadigas

The Jnanpeeth Awards

The Jnanpeeth Award is given for the best creative literary writing by any Indian citizens in any of the languages included in the VIII Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The award carries a cash price of Rs 2.5 lakh, a citation and a bronze replica of Vagdevi.

The Jnanpeeth Award was instituted on May 22, 1961 The first award was given in 1965. So far, 34 eminent writers have received the award in 32 years. The award was given to Kannada writers six times, five times each to Hindi and Bengali writers, four times to Malayalam, thrice to Oriya, twice each to Gujarati, Marathi, Telugu and Urdu, and one each to Assamese, Punjabi and Tamil writers.

Dr K V Puttappa for Sri Ramayana Darshanam 1967

Kuvempu (1904-1994): Puttapa also known as Kuvempu is perhaps the greatest poet of the 20th century. His first novel Kanooru Heggadithi (The Mistress of the Kanoor Family) appeared in 1938. His second novel Malegalalli Madulagalu (A Bride Among the Hills) is noted for its epic narration. Kuvempu is also known for his grand epic Sri Ramayana Darshanam. His other works include a poetic play Beral-ge-Koral (A Throat for a Finger).

Ayda kruthi shreNi

kavana sankalana - paKshi kaashi, koLalu, paanchajanya, chandra manchake ba chakori
nataka - raktha raathri, shudra thapasvi, beraL ge koraL
vimarshe - thaponandana, draupadiya shri mudi
jeevana charithre - swamy vivekananda, ramakrishna paramahamsa
kaTha sankalana - sanyasi mathu ethra kathegalu
anuvaada - guruvinoDane devaraDige
kaadambari - malegaLalli madumagalu, kaanooru heggaDithi
maha kaavya - sri ramayana darshanam


39th sahitya sammeLanada adhyaksharu
1955 sri ramayana darshanamge raajya haagu kendra sahitya prashasthi
1958 padma viBhushaNa
1964 rashtrakavi birudu
1967 sri ramayana darshanam kruthige jnanapeeta prashasthi
1988 pampa prashasthi
karnataka ratna

Dattatreya Ramachandran Bendre for Nakutanti 1973

D.R. Bendre (1896-1981): Bendre has been hailed as the father figure of modern Kannada poetry. His poems are linked to the Kannada poetic tradition through their use of folklore, the vachanas and the kirthanas. Apart from native prosodic forms, Bendre has also employed native imagery, folk beliefs, references to Indian mythology and the language spoken by common people. Nada Lila (The Play of Sounds) is perhaps the most remarkable of his poetry collections.. All the features of Navodaya poetry like the feeling of patriotism, the reformatory zeal, critical attitude Indian culture, consolidation of traditional strength, mystical faith and assertion of a poet's individuality can be found in this collection.

Ayda kruthi shreNi

kavana sankalana - krishna kumari, gari, saKigeetha, uyyale, haadu paadu, gangaavatharaNa, naadlile, araLu maraLu, hrudaya samudra, muktha kanTa, chaithralaya, jeevalahari, namana, sanchaya, uttaraayaNa, mugila mallige, yaKsha yakshi, naakutanti, mathe banthu shravaNa
nataka - saayo Ata, jaathre, devvada mane, hosa samsara
leKana sankalana - sahitya viraat swarupa
BhashaNa - maathela jyothi, mathadharma mathu ADunika maanava


birudu - varakavi, haaduhakki .. ethyadi
27th sahitya sammeLanada adhyaksharu
1959 - araLu maraLu - kendra sahitya academy prashasthi
1968 - padmashree
1968 - mysore viviya doctrate
1969 - kendra sahitya academy ya gowrava fellowship
1973 - naakutanti ge jnanapeeta prashasthi
1979 - udupi maTada "karnataka kavi kulathilaka" birudu

K Shivaram Karanth for Mukajjiya Kanasugalu 1977

K. Shivarama Karanath (1902): Karanath is a compelling cultural presence in Karnataka. He is a typical 'renaissance man' with multifaceted interests and achievements in education, science, environmental studies and the folk art of Yakshagana. Described as an all-time novelist, Karnath is the originator of the realist novel in Kannada. Known for his integrity, Karnath disowned the Padma Bushan award in protest against the Emergency in 1975. Marali Mannige (Back to the Soil) is one of his great novels

Ayda kruthi shreNi

evugalu avara nataka, kavithe, sNNa kathe, kaadambari, vimarshe, vignanika baraha, pravaasa kaThanagalu - chitramaya dakShina kannada, Bharathiya shilpa, apoorva pashchima, yakShagaana bayalaata, siriganada arThakosha, hucchhu manasina hathu muKa, vignana prapancha, rastrageetha suDharaka, niLgavanagalu.

kaadambari - mymanagaLa suLiyalli, mukajjiya kanasugalu, aLida mele, bettada jeeva, kannadiyalli kandaatha, marali mannige.


57th sahitya sammeLanada adhyaksharu
padma BhuShaNa (disowned the award to protest against the Emergency)
1959 - kendra sahitya academy prashasthi - yakShagaana bayalaata
Swedish academy paarithoShaka - yakShagaana bayalaata
1963 - karnataka haagu mysore vivigaLa gowrava doctrate
1977 - mukajjiya kanasugalu ge jnanapeeta prashasthi
MadhyaPradeshda thulasi sanmaan
1990 - pampa prashasthi - mymanagaLa suLiyalli
1992 - Indira gandhi vruSha mithra prashasthi

Masti Venkatesh Ayengar for Chikaveera Rajendra 1983

Masti Venkatesha Iyengar (1891-1986): Masti Iyengar, who received the Jnanpith Award in 1983, belonged to the generation which shaped the Renaisance in Kannada. Poet, dramatist and critic, he is regarded as the father of the Kannada short story. Both his historical novels, Channabasava Nayaka and Chikaveera Rajendra are great works. His novels are a study of a kingdom in decline.

Ayda kruthi shreNi

kaadambari - chenna basava nayaka, chikaveera rajendra, subbaNNa
nataka - kaakanakote, yashoDara, kaalidasa, siva Chatrapathi
Athma kaThana - Bhava
kavana sankalana - binnaha, thavare
Kandakavya - srirama pattabisheka


1983 - chikaveera rajendra ge jnanapeeta

Vinayak Krishna Gokak for Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi 1990

Vinayaka Krishna Gokak (1909-1992) the fifth person to win the Jnanpith award from Karnataka, was born on August 9, 1909.

The main phase of his literary career and his life itself began in 1925 when he was swayed by the magnetic force of the towering figure of Kannada poetry D.R.Bendre, like many other young poets of his time. Seeing his knowledge of English literature, and his talents in English poetry, Bendre prophesied "if Gokak allows his talents to blossom in Kannada, his own poetry as well as Kannada will have a great future." Thus with Bendre as his Kavya Guru, Gokak embarked upon a unique career in the world of Kannada letters, a career in which he made unparallelled contributions to poetry (including composition of the epic Bharatha Sindhurashmi), drama, criticism and various other forms of literature, apart from producing many scholarly works in English.

The literary distinction of Gokak naturally attracted scores of awards and honours. Of these, mention must be made of his Presidentship of the 40th Kannada Sahitya Sammelana in 1958, honorary doctorates from the Karnatak University and the Pacific University of the USA, the 1961 Central Sahitya Akademi award for his 'Dyava Prithivi' and of course, the highest award for literary excellence in India-the Jnanpith award-for his monumental contributions to Kannada literature, in 1990.

Gokak saw not only peaks of glory but also a peculiar complexity of happiness and sorrow at many turning points of his life, a complexity that became a characteristic mark of all his works. He passed away on April 28, 1992.

Ayda kruthi shreNi

kavana sankalana - oorNanaaBa, aByudaya, baaLadeguladalli, dhyava pruthvi, samudra geethegaLu
kaadambari - samarasave jeevana
vimarshe - endina kannada kavyada gothu gurigaLu
mahakavya - Bharatha sinDhu rashmi


40th sahitya sammeLanada adhyaksharu in 1958
karnataka viviya haagu Pacific University (USA) gowrava doctrate
kendra sahitya academy prashasthi - dhyava pruthvi
1990 - jnanapeeta prashasthi (samagra sahitya)

Dr.Udupi Rajagopala Acharya Anantha Murthy 1994

U.R Ananthamurthy (1932): Ananthamurthy is prominent among modern Kannada writers. His novel Samskara (Funeral Rites) revolutionised the orthodox concepts of a community in Karnataka and the film based on the novel won the President's Gold medal. His other novel Bharatiputra has also become a classic as has Samskara.

After doing his post graduation in English literature he went to England for higher studies. He joined the University of Mysore in 1970 as a lecturer and later on became a Professor. He has shouldered many important responsibilities and handled assignments. He has served as the Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi University at Kottayam, Kerala. He also served as the Chairman of the National Book Trust and as the Chairman of the Kendra Sahitya Academy.

Anantha Murthy is not only a well known author but also an orator. He has traveled widely around the globe and has the honour of being a visiting Professor of many Universities in India and abroad. He has served on many important committees as Member and Chairman. He has interviewed many celebrities for television and documentaries.

Ayda kruthi shreNi

kaadambari - samskara, Bharathipura, avasthe, Bhava, divya
kaTha sangraha - Akasha mathu bekku, mauni, prashne
nataka - avahane
vimarshe - prajne mathu parisara, samakshama, poorvapara
kavana sankalana - ajjana hegala sukkugalu, mithuna, hadhinydu padyagalu


1983 - Fiction Award, Karnataka Sahitya Academy
1984 - Award for Literary Achievement, Karnataka Sahitya Academy
1994 - masti prashasthi
1994 - jnanapeeta prashasthi (samagra sahitya)
1998 - padma BhuShNa

Girish Karnad 1998

Girish Karnad (1938): Karnad has been recognized as one of the foremost playwrights of India. It was Tughlaq, his second play which established his eminence. Drawing his themes largely from mythology, history, folklore and legends his plays have added a new dimension to the Indian stage and also literature at large. His other plays are Hayavadana, Yayati, Nagamandala and Raktabeeja.

For five decades, Karnad has continued to compose top-notch plays, often using history and mythology to tackle contemporary themes. He has also forayed into the jungle of cinema, working alternately as an actor, director, and screenwriter, and earning numerous awards along the way.

He was a Fulbright Playwright-in Residence and Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago in 1987-88. He has been decorated with a Padma Bhushan by the President of India and was the Chairman of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the National Academy of the Performing Arts during 1988-93

Ayda kruthi shreNi

nataka - yayati, tuGhalak, anjumallige, hittina hunja, nagamanDala, taledanDa, agni mathu aale, Tippuvina Kannasugalu
cinema - samskara, vamsha vriksha, kadu, tabbaliyu ninade magne, ondaanondu kaladalli, utsav, goDhoLi, kanooru heggadithi


1974 - padmashri
1992 - padma BhuShaNa
1994 - rajyothsava prashasthi
tuGhalak - rajya prashasthi
yayati - rajya sahitya academy prashasthi
taledanDa - kendra sahitya academy prashasthi
samskara, vamsha vriksha, kadu mathu kanooru heggadithi e Chalanachitragalige - swarNa kamala
karnataka viviya gowrava doctrate
1998 - jnanapeeta prashasthi (samagra sahitya)


E Kavi - The Universal Platform for Global Kannadigas