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An Australian soldier blows a trumpet at an Anzac Day ceremony in Gallipoli.

An Australian soldier blows a trumpet to mark the 91st anniversary of the Gallipoli campaign at the Australian Lone Pine monument at Anzac Cove in Turkey. (Reuters)

Anzac Day remembered across the globe

Australia's Governor-General Michael Jeffery has paid tribute to the Anzacs, saying they forged Australia's sense of national identity.

The Governor-General was one of thousands who made the journey to Anzac Cove in Turkey for today's service.

Australians, New Zealanders and Turkish people crowded Anzac Cove to mark today's 91st anniversary of the Gallipoli campaign.

In his address, General Jeffery recounted the major events of the campaign that eventually claimed 26,000 casualties.

"We are summoned to recall the battle sacrifices of Australian farmers and tally clerks, teachers and labourers and to commemorate outstanding courage and strength of character in the face of sustained adversity," he said.

General Jeffery says the Anzacs may have lost the campaign but they created an enduring sense of identity for Australia.

"[The campaign] won for us an enduring sense of national identity based on those iconic traits of mateship, courage, compassion and nous," he said.

Australia's Anzac Day

Back in Australia, thousands of people across the country commemorated the day by attending services and marches.

Despite cyclone Monica forcing the cancellation of Darwin's ceremony, there was a gathering at the cenotaph this morning.

Around 30 people gathered in Darwin at dawn as the RSL laid a wreath and the ode was read.

The family of Private Jacob Kovco, who was accidentally killed while serving in Iraq last week, laid flowers at the Anzac ceremony in Briagolong in eastern Victoria.

Aboriginal protesters in Melbourne's King's Domain held an Anzac Day ceremony for Indigenous soldiers.

In Adelaide, more than 3,000 people braved the early morning for the dawn service and the 75th anniversary of the unveiling of its war memorial.

A special tribute was made to Vietnam veterans in Hobart's ceremony to mark 40 years since the battle of Long Tan.

Perth's commemoration service had to be cancelled because of rain, but it did not effect the crowds who turned out for the dawn service and march.

Anzac Square in Brisbane was packed with thousands of people for the dawn service and crowds cheered on as veterans from World War II to Iraq marched along Adelaide Street.

Prime Minister John Howard laid a wreath at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

Federal Opposition Leader Kim Beazley attended a commemoration service in Sydney.

Hellfire Pass

Meanwhile, about 200 Australians and New Zealanders have attended a ceremony in Thailand to honour the men who died while building the "Death Railway" during World War II.

The service was at Hellfire Pass, part of the railway which was built by more than 100,000 Prisoners of War and forced labourers.

The service included prayers, hymns and a speech by Australia's ambassador to Thailand, Bill Paterson.

A wreath-laying ceremony followed the speech as a small group of World War II veterans looked on.

A small service was then held at a nearby cemetery to honour the war dead buried there.

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Record crowds gathered at the Australian War Memorial while at Gallipoli it was a more solemn occasion than past years.

Big numbers of Australians paused before dawn to honour the war dead in Anzac Day parades across the nation.

There was an emotional Anzac Day commemoration in the home town of the Australian soldier who died in Baghdad earlier this week.

The death of a comrade has added poignancy to Anzac Day services for the Australian troops deployed in Iraq.

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