Statement of Principles
The pursuit of a robust foreign policy was one of Henry ‘Scoop’ Jackson’s most central concerns. This was to be based on clear universal principles such as the global promotion of the rule of law, liberal democracy, civil rights, environmental responsibility and the market economy. The western policies of strength and human rights, which later hastened the collapse of the Soviet dictatorship, owed much to Jackson’s example. The fundamental and enduring values of the modern democratic world eventually prevailed.
Yet perhaps we were too complacent during the immediate post-Cold War period. New threats to the very essence of liberal democracies challenged our resolve. Our failures in the former Yugoslavia (especially Bosnia) were more than just moral. Through their impact on the credibility of our international institutions, such as NATO and the EU, they had a profound effect on the national interests of western powers. These fiascos showed that we had to engage, robustly and sometimes preventatively. The early interventions in Kosovo and Sierra Leone, although imperfect, provide an appropriate model for future action. But modernisation and democratisation often does not require a military solution. For example, the European Union has been instrumental in expanding its democratic ‘Grand Area’ on the continent since the fall of the Iron Curtain. So has NATO, through the process of eastern enlargement, and various initiatives engaging the Soviet successor states.
We believe, therefore, that Henry Jackson’s legacy is as relevant today as his policies were during the Cold War; indeed, perhaps it is even more important than at any time previously. Therefore, the Henry Jackson Society:
1. Believes that modern liberal democracies set an example to which the rest of the world should aspire.
2. Supports a ‘forward strategy’ to assist those countries that are not yet liberal and democratic to become so. This would involve the full spectrum of our ‘carrot’ capacities, be they diplomatic, economic, cultural or political, but also, when necessary, those ‘sticks’ of the military domain.
3. Supports the maintenance of a strong military, by the United States, the countries of the European Union and other democratic powers, armed with expeditionary capabilities with a global reach.
4. Supports the necessary furtherance of European military modernisation and integration under British leadership, preferably within NATO.
5. Stresses the importance of unity between the world’s great democracies, represented by institutions such as NATO, the European Union and the OECD, amongst many others.
6. Believes that only modern liberal democratic states are truly legitimate, and that any international organisation which admits undemocratic states on an equal basis is fundamentally flawed.
7. Gives two cheers for capitalism. There are limits to the market, which needs to serve the Democratic Community and should be reconciled to the environment.
8. Accepts that we have to set priorities and that sometimes we have to compromise, but insists that we should never lose sight of our fundamental values. This means that alliances with repressive regimes can only be temporary. It also means a strong commitment to individual and civil liberties in democratic states, even and especially when we are under attack.
The Henry Jackson Society is dedicated to researching and debating these issues. We do not represent any specific political party or persuasion, but provide a forum for those who agree with these simple guiding principles, or who wish to learn more about them.
Rt. Hon. Michael Ancram QC MP
Member of Parliament for Devizes
Assistant Editor, The Times
Special Advisor to the Parliamentary Defence Committee; Director, Beaver Westminster Ltd.
Prof. Paul Bew
Professor of Politics, Queen’s University, Belfast
Prof. Vernon Bogdanor
Brasenose College, University of Oxford
Director, Policy Exchange
Colonel Tim Collins
Commander, First Battalion Royal Irish Regiment, Iraq 2003
Prof. Paul Cornish
Carrington Professor of International Security, RIIA
Sir Richard Dearlove
Master of Pembroke College; Former Head of MI6
Major-General John Drewienkiewicz
Military Advisor to the High Representative for Bosnia
Civil Governor, Wasit (Kut) province, Iraq, 2003-2004
Michael Gove MP
Member of Parliament for Surrey Heath; Shadow Minister for Housing
Political Director, Conservative Friends of Israel
Columnist, The Times
Former Member of Parliament for Preseli Pembrokeshire
Dr. Denis MacShane MP
Member of Parliament for Rotherham
Associate of the Council for a Community of Democracies
Fionnuala Jay O'Boyle MBE
Director, Jay Associates
Prof. Andrew Lever
University of Cambridge
Columnist, The Times
Lord Powell of Bayswater
Personal Advisor to the Prime Minister for Defence and Security, 1984-1991
Author, Journalist and Television Presenter
Dr. Jamie Shea
Deputy Assistant Secretary General for External Relations, NATO
Dr. Irwin Stelzer
Director of Economic Policy Studies, Hudson Institute
Gisela Stuart MP
Member of Parliament for Birmingham Edgbaston; Member of the Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee
Rt. Hon. David Trimble
Former Member of Parliament for Upper Bann; Winner of Nobel Peace Prize
Edward Vaizey MP
Member of Parliament for Wantage
David Willetts MP
Member of Parliament for Havant; Shadow Education Secretary
James M. Rogers
Gideon A. Mailer
©2005 Henry Jackson Society
Last modified 2006-03-10 16:09