Ships of the 18th Century Royal Navy
DARTMOUTH,48. 4th Rate (1698 Southampton. BU 1736)
DARTMOUTH,48. 4th Rate (1741 Woolwich. Sunk 1747)
1741 In Ordinary at Woolwich.
1744 Capt. John BOWDLER. He was appointed out of the CARCASS bomb
ketch on 8 November, but did not remain long since it was merely
for the purpose of giving him post. Early the following year he
was appointed to LOWERSTOFFE.
6th Rate (1706 Rotherhithe. 1727 Rebuilt at Sheerness. Sold 1746)
1731 Capt. AUBIN, 24th November, one of a small squadron (PHOENIX.
FLAMBOROUGH, WOLF and GRAMPUS) put in commission to protect
the trade at Jamaica from the daily depredations of the Spanish guarda
1734 Lieut. KNIGHT of the PEARL promoted captain of DEAL CASTLE in September.
1734 Robert SHORTING promoted to be captain in November.
1738 Capt. Temple WEST. Cork. On 7 November DEAL CASTLE, while on her way
to Spithead, took refuge in Kinsale.
1743 Capt. Samuel GODDARD, promoted to command her on 1st February 1743.
1744 On 23 April Capt. Thomas WILLIAMS was promoted from being a
lieutenant in command of the CHARLOTTE yacht.
1744 Captain Thomas SOMERS was appointed to her from SUPERB in the
autumn of 1744 and moved to EXPEDITION in June 1747. He was later dismissed
the service for ill treating officers under his command.
DEAL CASTLE,24. 6th Rate (1746 Liverpool. BU in 1754)
DEAL CASTLE,20. 6th Rate (1756 Blackwall. Foundered 1780)
DEFIANCE,64. 3rd Rate (1675 Chatham. Rebuilt 1695 at Woolwich.
4th Rate in 1716, Hulk 1743, BU 1749)
1702 Capt. Philip BOYS (or BOYCE), 20th February. The following year he
removed to NONSUCH.
1720 Capt. Charles HARDY, one of the fleet sent to the Baltic under Sir John
1721 Capt. Arthur FIELD. With Sir John NORRIS. In 1723 he was made captain
1735 Capt. John TREVOR. With the fleet sent to Lisbon under Sir John NORRIS.
In 1740 he was sent to the West Indies as convoy to a large fleet of merchant
ships and took part in Ad. VERNON's expedition against Carthagena, later he
was employed as a cruiser off Cuba where he captured a Spanish packet with
a large quantity of specie on board.
DEFIANCE,60. 4th Rate (1744 Deptford. Sold 1766)
1745 Capt. Lord FORRESTER. Unhappily he contracted a habit of intemperance
which led him into several breaches of duty. A court martial, presided over
by Mr GRIFFIN, on board TILBURY at Portsmouth on 28 March 1746, sentenced
him to be dismissed the service. He died on 26th July 1748.
1751 Capt. Robert HUGHES.
1755 Capt. Thomas ANDREWS. He was appointed to DEFIANCE at Plymouth
where she was being fitted out in prospect of war with France.
The following year she was ordered to the Mediterranean with Mr BYNG.
Off Port Mahon DEFIANCE captured a French Tartan she had been sent
in chase of. The prize had four officers and 152 privates, part of
the French army under the Duc de Richlion. In the subsequent fleet
encounter DEFIANCE was exposed to the hottest fire and lost 14 men
killed and 49 wounded, one third of the loss sustained by the fleet.
Capt ANDREWS was among those killed on 20 May 1756.
DEFIANCE,64. 3rd Rate (1772 Woolwich. Wrecked 1780)
DEPTFORD,50. 4th rate (1687 Woolwich DY. 1726 sold)
1692 1st lieutenant John Edwards, 2nd lieutenant George Smith.
1695 Capt. Daniel REEVES, 28th June. Employed as a cruiser in the Channel
under Sir Cloudesley SHOVEL until he removed to the NEWCASTLE in November.
1700 Rebuilt at Woolwich
1703 Capt. John WOODEN, West Indies. He died at St. Jago on 2nd May 1704.
1719 Rebuilt at Woolwich
DEPTFORD,60. 4th Rate (1732 Deptford. Sold 1767)
1741 Capt. MOSTYN, Jamaica.
1744 Capt. John PHILLIPSON, in the spring of 1744 he was advanced out of
DOLPHIN to be captain to Commodore Curtis BARNET who was appointed to be
commander-in-chief on the East Indies station. His small squadron sailed
from Spithead on 5 May. Capt, PHILLIPSON died on
30 March 1746 and was succeeded by Capt. John MOORE of DOLPHIN. Soon after
the squadron quitted Madagascar, where they had put in for a supply of
water, DEPTFORD and other ships including MEDWAY, Capt. PEYTON, were
detached to the Straits of Malacca. On the way there they captured in
the port of Achin a French privateer ready to cruise in the South China
Sea. In the Straits they captured a French merchant vessel from Manila
of considerable value. Commodore BARNET died on 29 April 1746 and was
succeeded by Mr PEYTON. Capt. MOORE returned to England in the DEPTFORD
with a convoy of India ships.
1747 Capt. Thomas LAKE. With Rear Ad. BOSCAWEN's squadron which arrived
off Mauritius in June 1748. BOSCAWEN was unaware of the weakened state of
the French garrison, decided not to attack and continued on to Cuddalore
to prepare for the siege of Pondicherry. Although he had sufficient ships
and men, his engineers were inadequate, the weather was bad and his men
were sickly so the attempt was abandoned in October.
1752 Capt. Hon. George EDGECUMBE was appointed to her after she received
a major refit in which she was reduced to 50 guns. He later
removed to GIBRALTAR.
1755 Capt. John AMHERST. DEPTFORD was one of the ships already in the
Mediterranean under Commodore EGDGECUMBE (DEPTFORD, PORTLAND, PRINCESS
LOUISA, CHESTERFIELD, PHOENIX, FORTUNE and DOLPHIN) which were attached
to Vice Ad. George BYNG's fleet which sailed from Gibraltar on 8 May,
having received intelligence that the French had landed an army in
Minorca. Mr BYNG, considering DEPTFORD to be too small, removed her
from the line during the subsequent action with the French fleet off
Toulon. When INTREPID was disabled, DEPTFORD was ordered to take her
place, but by this time the action had ceased. Capt. ANHURST was
appointed to CAPTAIN in place of Capt. CATFORD who was ordered home
for the trial of Mr BYNG.
1759 Capt. John HOLLWELL, with Rear Ad. George RODNEY's squadron which
was sent from St. Helen's on 2 July to L'Havre to bombard the boats
that had been assembled there for the invasion of England. The bombs
threw shells into the boats and the town for fifty hours doing great
She came in to Portsmouth on 24th September 1759 to victual and the admiral
returned to his station on the 26th,
1761 Capt. Dudley DIGGES, who was appointed to her about November. He
was immediately ordered to the West Indies and in 1762 he was with the
fleet on the Jamaica station under Sir George POCOCK which took part in
the reduction of Havana.
DEPTFORD,24. storeship (1735 Deptford. BU 1756)
1744 Cdr. John FAWLER. Arrives at Port Mahon in January, and on 24th
November his arrival at Portland with Commodore LONG's squadron from
Port Mahon. On 22 December following he was promoted to be
captain of the STERLING CASTLE.
DEPTFORD PRIZE,10. sloop (1740 captured. 1744 sold)
Cdr. PRITCHARD, Portsmouth.
DEVONSHIRE,80. 3rd rate (1692 Bursledon. Lost in action 1707)
1692 Capt. Capt. Henry HAUGHTON, with Ad. Edward RUSSELL'S fleet at the
battle of Barfleur in May between 44 French ships of the line under the
Comte de Tourville and 99 in the Anglo-Dutch fleet.
1706 Capt. John WATKINS, flagship of Ad. Sir John JENNINGS, ordered to the
West Indies at the end of August. When they returned in April 1707 the
admiral struck his flag and Capt. WATKINS continued in command as a
private captain. On 9th October DEVONSHIRE was with the squadron of five
ships under Commodore Richard EDWARDS in CUMBERLAND which sailed from Plymouth
to escort a convoy of about 130 sail of merchantmen bound for Lisbon. The
following day they were intercepted off the Lizard by two French squadrons
under Claude Forbin and Du Guay Trouin totalling either 14 or 12 ships, the
French accounts differ in nearly every repect. The English ships drew up
in line of battle and intercepted the enemy, which allowed most of the convoy
to escape. CUMBERLAND, CHESTER and RUBY were taken, ROYAL OAK escaped into
Kingsale with a few merchantmen. DEVONSHIRE defended herself for several
hours against seven French ships unti five in the evening when she
accidentally blew up, only two men escaping out of 900.
DEVONSHIRE,80. 3rd rate (1710 Woolwich DY. 1760 sold)
1711 Capt. Robert ARRIS, with Sir Hovenden WALKER's unfortunate expedition
against the French in Canada. When they reached the St. Lawrence it was decided
that the DEVONSHIRE and the HUMBER, flagship, were too big to go up to Quebec,
so Sir Hovenden moved to the EDGAR and Capt. ARRIS was given command of
1711 Capt. John COOPER, was removed from SWIFTSURE to DEVONSHIRE at the same
Hulk at Woolwich from 1740
DEVONSHIRE,74. 3rd rate (1745 Woolwich DY. 1772 broken up)
Capt John MOORE, flagship of Rear Adm. Sir Edward HAWKE
In October 1747 the Admiralty learnt that a large fleet of French
merchant ships had assembled at the Isle d'Aix to sail for the West
Indies, and that a strong squadron of ships of war under L'Etendiere
had left Brest to convoy them. Rear Adm. The French sailed from the
island on 7th October O.S. and came to anchor that day in Rochelle
road and the next day sailed on their voyage. Rear Adm. HAWKE, who
had been sent to intercept, fell in with them on the 14th.
(SEE Letters 9 for Sir Edward's account of
DIAMOND,50, (1652 Deptford. Captured 1695)
1675 Capt. R. GRIFFITHS, He arrived in New York in March and accompanied
the governor when he went with two sloops to quell a revolt in three towns
to the eastward of Long Island. DIAMOND augmented the governor's 60
soldiers with 40 sailors.
DIAMOND,50, 5th rate (1708 Blackwall. Sold 1744)
1708 Capt. George RAMSEY, appointed 11 October. On 12 December 1710 he
was adjudged guilty by a court martial of ill treating his crew and
fined six month's pay. Ten days later a second court martial he was
fined another six month's pay for running away from the enemy.
1710 Capt Toby LISLE who was promoted out of the SUCCESS storeship
and ordered to the West Indies. During the following summer he
captured many valuable ships before returning to England. In 1711,
with the BEDFORD GALLEY and the EXPERIMENT, he escorted a convoy to
Lisbon, accompanying Sir Hovenden WALKER, and his unfortunate expedition
against Quebec, a hundred leagues to the westward of Scilly before
1717 Capt. Thomas JACOBS. She was ordered to be equipped for the Baltic,
but was not ready when Sir Georg BYNG's fleet sailed on 20 March.
172? Capt. James WINDHAM. He was ordered to the West Indies and died in the
Bay of Honduras on 3 January 1725.
1725 Capt. Sir Yelverton PEYTON, who had succeeded to the baronetage on the
death of his cousin in 1721, was appointed captain on 22 March 1725 and
ordered to the West Indies under Vice Ad. HOPSON, where he was promoted
to command the DUNKIRK.
1726 Capt. Charles COTTERELL, succeeded Capt. PEYTON on 29 June 1726.
1727 Capt. Henry ANNESLEY, 2 June. He is said to have died in DIAMOND in
the West Indies.
1731 Capt. George ANSON. DIAMOND was one of the vessels intended to be
sent to the Mediterranean with Sir Charle WAGER, but did not actually sail.
1733 Capt. Richard HERBERT, appointed on 20th November and ordered to
the coast of Africa.
1737 Capt Charles Knowles, appointed 4 February. In 1739 he was ordered to
the West Indies to reinforce Adm. VERNON.
1739 Report from Williamsburg, January 18th
A Sloop is arriv'd at Hampton from Jamaica, the Captain of which brings
an Account. That the Diamond Man of War had taken a 20 gun Spanish Man of War,
with a Brigantine under her Convoy, as they were going to Porto Bello. He
says he saw them at Jamaica, and that the Brigantine had 200,000 Pounds on
Capt. KNOWLES was employed in destroying the fortifications at Porto Bello after
its capture on 22 November. DIAMOND was completing a refit at Jamaica when Adm. VERNON
sailed to bombard Carthagena on 25 February 1740 and Capt. KNOWLES was unable to
join him until 13 March when he was ordered on board the SUCCESS fireship to reconnoitre
the entrance to the river Chagre and decide how the fort St. Lorenzo, which defended
it, might best be reduced. When Capt. KNOWLES was placed in command of the fire ships
and bomb ketches he made his disposions for the assault. Bombs ALDERNEY, TERRIBLE, and
CUMBERLAND were accompanied by the tenders POMPEY and GOODLY, and there were two
fireships, SUCCESS,10, and ELEANOR,10. They were covered by DIAMOND when the bombardment
began in the evening of 22 March and during the night they were joined by STRAFFORD,60;
PRINCESS LOUISA,60, and FALMOUTH. On the 24th the castle surrendered, and Capt. KNOWLES
was appointed governor with five lieutenants and and 120 men. Valuable goods destined
to be loaded on Spanish galleons were found in the Custom House and they were loaded
into British ships without delay. The castle was demolished on the 29th and the whole
force sailed for Porto Bello. A merchant vessel, NUESTRA SENORA de GUADELOUPE was crried
into Jamaica in October. DIAMOND returned to England at the end of the year and Capt.
KNOWLES was promoted to WEYMOUTH,60, under orders to return to the West Indies under
Sir Chaloner OGLE.
DIAMOND,44, 5th rate (1741 Limehouse. Sold 1756)
DIAMOND,32, 5th rate (1774 Hull. Sold 1784)
DIANA,6. By Robert Brooks (email@example.com)
HM Armed Schooner Diana -- rated 6 guns & 10 swivels, 30 men.
Lieutenant Thomas GRAVES [later Sir Thomas] was her only commander. She
carried four guns. She was purchased at Boston in late December 1774 as
on 8 January 1775 VAdm Samuel GRAVES wrote Admiralty Secretary Philip
Stephens (BM, Ms 14,038/1; PRO, Adm 1/485):
"I have taken upon me to
purchase the DIANA Schooner of 120 Tons, about eight Months old, so
exceedingly well built that she is allowed to be the best Vessel of the
Kind that has been yet in the King's Service, her first cost is 3750 pounds
Sterling and as I have thought it best for his Majesty's Service that
she should be an established armed Schooner, I have directed the
necessary alterations to be made in her Hull, and for her to be fitted
in all respects like other Vessels of her Class; She will have the ST.
LAWRENCE's Guns. On this Occasion I have appointed Lieut. Thomas GRAVES
of his Majesty's Ship Lively to command the DIANA Schooner, and Mr.
William LECHMERE of the Preston to be Lieutenant of the Lively. The
Diana will soon be ready for Sea, and I shall send her to Rhode Island."
As there were limited facilities at Boston, most vessels were sent to
Halifax to be fitted out. Obviously, DIANA required but little
modification if she was fitted out in Boston. She is the last vessel I
know of which was outfitted at Boston.
The DIANA's career was short lived. She never made Rhode Island. In
February she was dispatched with an Army detachment on board to
Marshfield, Mass., in support of Loyalists being hassled. After eight
days there she returned to Boston from whence she was dispatched to
Philadelphia "at the desire of the board of Customs to bring from thence
a considerable Sum of Money belonging to his Majesty's Revenue." This
was achieved with some notice of the officer's (mis)conduct (GRAVES &
Midshipman Daswood BACON) which was reported in the Pensylvania Packet.
On 8 April 1775 the DIANA (together with the hired army transport
schooner Neptune with a subaltern and a detachment of the 64th Regiment
of Foot) was sent from Boston to dismantle Fort Pownall at Penobscot
(Maine) and then to go to Falmouth (now Portland, Maine) to impress
seamen. The DIANA returned again to Boston at the end of April. On the
night of Saturday, 27 May 1775, the DIANA, while attempting to keep
Americans fron driving livestock from Noodle's Island in Boston Harbor,
ran aground on a falling tide on the Winnisimet ferry ways (Chelsea,
Mass.), fell over on her side whereupon the Americans got hay under her
stern and fired the ship. HMS SOMERSET's tender, BRITANNIA (Lieut. John
GRAVES, brother of Thomas), was able to get in to rescue the DIANA's crew.
This was the event where Thomas GRAVES got the facial burn scars so
evident in his portrait made following the Battle of Copenhagen
following which he was knighted.
DISPATCH,6. brigantine (1694 Deptford. Sold 1712)
One of nine brigantines January. Deptford. Later in the year he was with
Adm. Edward RUSSELL at Cadiz.
1694 William JAMESSON. 23rd October, Cadiz.
1695 North Sea. At about 8 in the evening of 23rd July 1697 DISPATCH discovered a
French privateer standing for the Naze. At 12, with no tide and little wind,
they were obliged to anchor and lost sight of him. At 5 the following morning he
weighed after spying the privateer at the back of the Gunfleet with two small
ships, and stood after him to the southward with all the sail he could make.
At noon he came up with one of the ships which proved to be one of the prizes.
They continued the chace in a moderate gale but the wind dropped when they were
almost within gunshot. The privateer took to his oars and rowed away about two
miles, but then the gale returned and about 4 in the afternoon they came up with
her and fired several guns and small shot, she struck and the captain and 16 men
on board were taken off. The privateer was taken in tow and sail made for Harwich,
some 6 or 7 leagues to the W.N.W.
1699 John SMITH, 27th June.
On 23 April 1702 it being the Coronation day of Queen Anne, Sir Stafford FAIRBORNE
at Spithead and all the ships in company, including DISPATCH, dressed ship with colours,
flags and pendants on all the topmast heads and yard arms. Saluted were fired around
the fleet and at night each ship showed as many lights as she could.
On 15th October 1703 DISPATCH was forced, by violent strong gales of wind, to bear
away under Dungerness, where she anchored, and there saw the SWAN frigate at anchor
about a mile ahead. At 12 at night the wind veered to the south and a great sea caused
the brigantine to drive. They brought up by letting go the best bower anchor, but at
4 they saw the SWAN drive, and the storm increasing, she came right at them, her stern
amost touching their flying jib boom. They would have been run down if they had not
managed to cut both cables and scudded as well as they could for the Downs, the sea
making a clear passage over them, until they let go their sheet anchor in 5 fathoms of water.
DOLPHIN,8. fireship/6th rate (1690 Chatham. 1711 rebuilt Portsmouth.
BU in 1730)
1696 Capt. Nicholas DYER, promoted from being a lieutenant in SAPPHIRE on
on 16 December. After a short time he removed to LINCOLN but died aboard
that vessel at sea on 4 June 1697.
1697 Capt. William BLOWERS who was appointed on 13 July. The following
year he was put on the superannuated list with a captain's half-pay
pension. He lived for another 22 years.
1698 Capt. Colin HUNTER, 24 June. He was dismissed from his ship and
from the service on 7 August 1700, The reason does not appear.
1706 Capt. John CLIFTON, promoted on 2 February.
1706 Capt. Edward VERNON, promoted on 22 January whilst serving on the
Lisbon and Mediteranean station under Sir John LEAKE.
1706 Capt. Henry LONG, 17 September.
1707 Capt. Abraham TUDOR, 5 August.
1708 Capt. Caesar BROOKS, 24 July.
1711 Capt. Covill MAYNE, 11 May.
1712 Capt, Charles GAY (or GRAY), he was appointed early in 1712 and died
during the course of the year.
1721 Capt. John CUNDITT, 20 January. Nothing more is known except that
he died in England on 26 April 1724.
DOLPHIN,20. 6th Rate (1731 Deptford. 1760 captured)
1739 Capt. L. Augustus BEAUCLERK. Mediterranean.
1740 Capt. Francis HOLBURNE, appointed 15 February, cruising in the Channel
during which he captured two small Spanish privateers, one, called the
Nuestra Senora del Carmin, mounting six carriage and four swivel guns, with
a crew of 40 men, the other of six guns and forty-four men. After spending
much of 1741 on the Leith station he returned to the Channel where in June
he captured and carried into Plymouth the privateer St. Juan Baptiste of 18
carriage and 14 swivel guns with 102 men. On 12th August he was ordered to
escort transports for Bristol from the Downs as far as Lundy and then continue
to Glasgow and Fort William.
1755 Renamed FIREBRAND.
DOLPHIN,24. 6th Rate (1751 Woolwich. BU in 1777)
1756 Capt. Carr SCROPE, One of the frigates with Mr EDGECUMBE'S squadron in
the Mediterranean. When the French landed in Minorca the little British squadron
there sailed for Gibraltar to avoid being blocked up in Mahon harbour. Capt. SCROPE
landed with the greater part of his people (leaving only enough to take DOLPHIN to
Gibraltar) and some volunteers from other ships, to reinforce the garrison in Fort
St. Philip during the subsequent siege by troops under the duc de Richlieu.
Capt. SCROPE appointed Lieut. Benjamin MARLOW as acting captain of DOLPHIN. He
served in this capacity through May and was present at Adm. BYNG's encounter on
the 19th. He was subsequently appointed post-captain in DOLPHIN by the admiral,
confirmed later by the Admiralty. Soon afterwards he was ordered to England as
a witness in Adm. BYNG's trial.
1756 Capt. Mathew MOORE, 20th August. He was one of the captains sent out to the
Mediterranean in the AMBUCADE to replace those ordered home for the trial. He
removed to UNICORN towards the end of 1757.
1763 Capt. KEELER, North America and Mediterranean.
1764 Capt. Hon. John BYRON, DOLPHIN arrived in Woolwich on 17th March and orders were
issued on 18th of April to prepare her for a voyage of discovery. She was sheathed in
copper, then a new idea, and her rudder pins and other fastenings were made of the same
metal. A 26ft. double-banked, 12 oar cutter was ordered from Deal and fitted with an awning.
By the 14th June she was ready to sail for the Downs. On her way there she grounded, but
floated off with the tide, she was docked in Plymouth to check for any damage. DOLPHIN sailed
from Plymouth at the beginning of July in company with the TAMAR sloop, Capt. Patrick MOUATT.
Capt. BYRON hoisting a broad pendant, having been appointed commander-in-chief, East Indies
station. Madeira was reached on 14th July and Capt. BYRON, who was in need of a sailmaker
when he sailed, appointed Thomas GOSLING late of the DISPATCH sloop, by warrant. On the
14th September DOLPHIN anchored off Rio de Janeiro. When she left on 20th October she was
taken south to the latitude where he was ordered to make his instructions known. Capt. MOUATT
was signalled to repair on board and he and both ship's companies were told that they were
on a voyage of discovery, during which they would receive double pay.
On 27th November they made Cape Blanco on the coast of Patagonia, and on the 1st December
they entered Port Desire, where the ship was almost wrecked by a sudden violent storm. The
29th Dec. to 4th Jan. was spent at Port Famine.
1766 Capt. Samuel WALLIS, appointed in August and sent out, in company with
Capt. CARTERET in SWALLOW,14, and Lieut. BRINE in the PRINCE FREDERICK, store ship, on a
voyage of discovery, sailing from Plymouth on the 22nd of August. The SWALLOW proved to
be an indifferent sailer and they did not arrive in Madeira until 7th September.
DOLPHIN,44. 5th Rate (1781 Chatham. BU in 1817)
DORSETSHIRE,80. 3rd Rate (1694 Southampton. Sold 1749)
1712 Rebuilt at Portsmouth.
1741 in Ordinary at Portsmouth.
DORSETSHIRE,70. 3rd Rate (1757 Portsmouth. BU in 1775)
1761 Capt. John CAMPBELL. On 4th February he sailed from Plymouth to escort the
SEAHORSE, which was carrying the astronomers who were now too late to observe
the transit of Venus from their original destination, several leagues to the
westward, to see them safely on their way to the southern hemisphere.
DOVER,44. 5th Rate (1740 Deptford. Sold 1763)
1741 Capt. BURRIDGE,
DRAGON,54. 4th Rate (1711 Woolwich, built as ORMONDE renamed 1715.
BU in 1733)
DRAGON,38. (1647 Chatham DY. 1711 wrecked)
Rebuilt in 1690 and 1707.
1674 Capt. Sir Rodger STRICKLAND, appointed in September after she underwent
repairs at Blackwall. In the Downs in November he complained that he had
so many volunteers, midshipmen and cripples on board that it was difficult
to sail or fight unless he received more seamen.
1702 Capt. HOLYMAN. On her way to join Sir Cloudsley Shovel DRAGON fell in
with a French ship of much greater force and in the subsequent action the
captain and 25 men were killed. Her lieutenant fought her bravely and brought
her safe to the fleet on the 27th October.
DRAGON,60. 4th Rate (1736 Woolwich. Breakwater 1757)
1738 Capt. Curtis BARNET(T),
1741 Capt. BARNARD, Mediterranean.
DRAGON,74. 1760 3rd Rate (1760 Deptford. Sold 1784)
1763 Capt. John MONTAGUE, guard- ship in
DRAKE,14. sloop (1705 Woolwich. 1729 taken to pieces and rebuilt
as the following)
DRAKE,14. sloop (1729 Woolwich. BU in 1740)
1738 Capt. Harcourt MASTERS, Jamaica.
DRAKE,14. sloop (1740 Wapping. 1742 Wrecked in Gibraltar Bay)
1740 Capt. Ashby UTTING, he removed from the PEMBROKE PRIZE into DRAKE and
then into the MARY GALLEY, in which he died of intemperence in 1742.
1741 Lieut. COCKBURNE, promoted in March.
1741 Capt. John PITMAN, Sheerness in July.
On 2nd November 1742 advice came from Lisbon that:- "The DRAKE sloop had
fallen in with three Spanish privateers near Cadiz, with which she
engaged until she was ready to sink; but the PULTNEY GALLEY, Capt. Purcell,
an English privateer, coming up, attacked the Spaniards, and gave the DRAKE
an oportunity to withdraw. Capt. Purcell, finding himself over-matched,
hoisted the Bloody Flag, as a signal that he would neither give nor take
Quarter, whereupon the Dons thought it proper to sheer off."
As reported in a letter from Gibraltar dated 26 November 1742:- "On the
21st between 9 and 10 at night, it began to blow a violent storm at S.W.
in which were lost the DRAKE sloop and two others, and two fine Xebeques
belonging to the King, three ships with stores for the garrison and a
large Settee store-ship, besides several Portuguese vessels."
DRAKE,14. sloop (1743 Deptford. Sold 1748)
1744 Capt. Charles KNOWLER. Docked at Portsmouth beween 6th and 8th April.
1744 Capt. CLARKE arrived in Jamaica 11 June with declaration of war
On 20th April 1748 a French ship of 18 carriage guns, 18 swivels and 120
men was taken by DRAKE between Leogane and Port St. Louis and carried
DRAKE,14. sloop (1777 purchased. Captured 1778)
DRAKE,14. brig-sloop (1779 Dover. Condemned 1800)
DREADNOUGHT,60. 4th Rate (1691 Blackwall. 1748 broken up)
Rebuilt 1706, hulked at Portsmouth from 1740.
1734 Capt. MEDLEY.
1744 Capt. Hon. Edward BOSCAWEN, cruiser in the Channel. On 29th April,
with the GRAMPUS sloop in company, he captured after a chace of 50 hours,
the French frigate MEDEA, Capt. Hoquart, of 26 nine-pounders and 240 men.
The prize was carried into Portsmouth. The MEDEA, having being condemned
as a legal prize, was then bought by some merchants in June to be converted
into a privateer.
DREADNOUGHT,60. 4th Rate (1742 Deptford. 1784 sold)
DROMEDARY,30. storeship (1777 purchased. 1783 sold)
DRUID,10. sloop (1761 Harwich. 1773 used as a breakwater.
DRUID,16. sloop (1776 purchased. 1783 sold)
Renamed BLAST fireship Sept. 1779.
DUBLIN,74. 3rd Rate (1757 Deptford Dy. Broken up 1784)
1759 Capt. William GOOSTREY, flagship of Rear Ad. Charles HOLMES.
Expedition to Quebec.
1760 Capt. Edward GASCOIGNE Flag of Commodore Sir James DOUGLAS.
Early in the year he was appointed
commodore on the Leeward Is. station, hoisted his broad pennant
in DUBLIN, and sailed from St. Helen's for Antigua on 10 March
in company with BIENFAISANT and BELLIQUEUX.
In June 1761 Sir James, with Lord Rollo commanding the land
forces, undertook a successful expedition against Dominica. The naval
squadron consisted of DUBLIN, BELLIQUEUX, SUTHERLAND and MONTAGUE,
with some frigates and smaller vessels. English losses were eight
men, killed or wounded.
In November 1761 DOUGLAS, in Barbados, was ordered to blockade
Martinique while an expeditioary force was assembled which ultimately
numbered nearly 14,000 troops, and, on 7 January 1762, Rear Ad. RODNEY
and his fleet joined him off the island. DOUGLAS's squadron silenced
the batteries at St. Anne's Bay and the troops were landed. They
then found that it was inpracticable to march on Fort Royal from there,
so the troops were re-embarked, to be re-landed at Cas de Navires Bay,
about 5 miles from Fort Royal, on the 16th, after the batteries had
been silenced by the ships.
With 1000 seamen in boats to provide flanking fire the troops advanced
through difficult country along the shore on the 24th. The citadel
surrendered on the 4 February and the whole island on the 16th.
Ad. Sir George POCOCK, who was preparing to attack Havana, arrived at
Barbados on 20 April and joined RODNEY at Martinique four days later;
meanwhile DUBLIN, with nine other ships-of-the-line had been sent to
Jamaica where Comm. DOUGLAS superceeded Capt. FOREST.
The expedition against Havana sailed from Martinique in May and DUBLIN,
with the rest of the squadron from Jamaica joined off Cape St. Nicolas
on the 23rd. Comm. DOUGLAS was detatched to Jamaica in CENTURION to expedite
the ships still there, while POCOCK took has fleet through the hazardous
Old Bahama Strait to reach Havana by 6 June. By July 30 the bombardment
and mining of Fort Morro had produced a breach and it was carried by storm.
A truce was requested on 11 August and the capitulation was signed on
DUBLIN returned to England with CENTAUR, ALCIDE, HAMPTON COURT, EDGAR, some
frigates and some of the Spanish prizes, all under the command of Capt.
ARBUTHNOT in OXFORD.
1766 Out of Commission at Plymouth.
DUKE,8. fireship (1739 purchased. Expended 1742)
1741 Cdr. RUE. Mediterranean.
1741 Cdr. Smith CALLIS, who was promoted from lieutenant about the end
of 1741 to command the fireship.
Whitehall, July 10th 1742.
By letters from Vice Ad. MATTHEWS dated 14 June in Villa Franca harbour,
and brought by Capt. Callis of the Duke fireship, there is news that Capt.
NORRIS, upon his cruise between Cape Rous and Villa Franca, having notice
of five Spanish Gallies being sailed from Margaretta to St. Tropez, he
immediately followed them thither with his Majesty's ships under his command,
in order to detain them there till he should receive orders from the Admiral
concerning them; but that the said Spanish gallies having begun to fire
upon the king's ships, and thereby broken the rules which are usually
observed in a neutral port, Capt. NORRIS immediatey gave orders to the DUKE
fireship to set fire to them; which being duly executed by said Capt. CALLIS,
they were all immediately destroyed.
The king honoured Capt CALLIS with a gold chain and medal and, on 4 August,
he was promoted to command ASSISTANCE,50.
DUKE,8. fireship (1745 captured from French. Sold 1748)
DUKE,90. 2nd Rate (1777 Plymouth. BU 1843)
DUNKIRK,48. 4th Rate (1704 Blackwall, rebuild of earlier vessel.
1734 rebuilt at Portsmouth. BU in 1749)
1741 Capt. COOPER, Jamaica.
DUNKIRK,60. 4th Rate (1754 Woolwich. Sold 1792)
1755 Capt. Hon. Richard HOWE. DUNKIRK was one of the ships ordered to America
under Vice Adm. BOSCAWEN. Off Newfoundland on 6th June, the British fleet (SEE
FLEETS2 fell in with four French ships separated from
the squadron bound for Canada under Adm. Bois de la Mothe and DUNKIRK, DEFIANCE and
some others, were ordered to give chace. Coming up with the ALCIDE about midday,
Capt. HOWE hailed her captain and requested him to accompany him down to the admiral
about three miles away.
The French captin refused and asked if it was preace or war? A Capt. HOWE repeated the
question, adding that he had orders to bring the ship down and expected every moment
to be ordered to fire into the Frenchman if he did not bring to. The red flag being
hoisted on the fore top-gallant-head of the flagship, Capt. HOWE then fired into the
ALCIDE and the French replied. After two broadsides the flagship, EDGAR, came up and more
shots were exchanged before ALCIDE struck. She mounted 64 guns and had on board
more than 900 men, mostly soldiers, their general was killed in the fight and the
governor of Louisburg and four senior officers taken prisoners, and 30,000L sterling.
A report from London, dated 19 July said:-
"The Dunkirk's Guns in the late Skirmish off Newfoundland were all double-shotted every
round, and being Yard-Arm to Yard-Arm, did such terrible Execution, that the Officers
of the Alcide could not keep their Men to their Quarters, and ran one of them through
to deter the others, but all would not do, the Frenchmen not liking warm work; and Monsieur
Commodore himself, when he was brought Prisoner on board Dunkirk, told brave Capt. Howe.
That it was cruel to engage so very close.
One of the other French ships, the LYS,64, was captured by the FOUGUEUX,64 (SEE
DUNWICH,24. 6th rate (1695 Shoreham. 1714 breakwater)
1697 Capt. John CRANBY, Newfoundland with Commodore NORRIS. When a council
of war decided against putting to sea and attacking the French Capt. CRANBY
voted against the resolution.
DURSLEY GALLEY,20. 6th Rate (1718 Deptford. Sold 1744)
1739 Capt. Thomas SMITH, Mediterranean.
© 2004 Michael Phillips
11 Jan 05. 16 Feb. 05. 23 Oct 05. 10 Nov, 05.