The royal coat of arms
The royal coat of arms takes its component parts from three other coats of arms:
- The motto Je Maintiendrai (“I will maintain”) comes from the coat of arms of the House of Chalon (see History).
- The lion comes from the coat of arms of the House of Nassau.
- The sword and sheaf of arrows in the lion’s paw come from the coat of arms of the States General of the Republic of the United Provinces (17th and 18th centuries). The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces. The arrows also symbolise cooperation: individually they are vulnerable, but together they are strong.
The crowns and the royal mantle were added to indicate that the House of Orange-Nassau had been elevated to royal status.