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Federation of Indonesian Peasant Union
 
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Organisation
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Background
Various events of peasant struggles whose lands were taking by forced by the investor and the government in the name of development happening along the new era precede the birth of Indonesian peasant struggle. The peasant struggles of Sei Lepan, Sugapa and Silau Jawa (North Sumatra), Cimacan and Bageda (West Java) and Kedung Ombo (Central Java) represent thousands of oppression events and peasant struggles in Indonesia. Therefore, the peasants state the importance of forming a peasant organization in the levels of local, regional, and national functioned as an organization of peasant struggle in struggling over their rights, operating cadres forming, and guiding the direction of Indonesian peasant struggle. The peasant goal to form a peasant organization in the national level can be achieved after the arrival of reform momentum. This momentum was used by a number of peasants and other activists of non governmental organizations in Sumatra to declare the birth of Federation of Indonesian Peasant Union (FSPI). FSPI was declared on July 8, 1998 in Kampong Dolok Maraja, Lobbu Rapa Village, Bandar Pulau Subdistrict, Asahan District, North Sumatra Province. The birth of FSPI is part of long history of Indonesian peasant struggle to gain freedom of speech and freedom of assembly for taking back their rights which was taken by forced by Suharto’s regime for more than three decades. At the FSPI’s declaration the Temporary Executive Body of FSPI was formed to consolidate the powers of the peasant struggles in Indonesia to be FSPI member and hold the 1st congress of FSPI. The congress itself had been held on 22 – 25 February 1999 in Medan, North Sumatra.   

Central Issue of FSPI
As the organization of the peasants’ struggle in the period of the resurgence of neo-liberalism and neo-imperialism, FSPI has stated in the front line of struggle against the neo-liberalism particularly in the agriculture liberalization. In its struggle, FSPI chooses the important issues that become the main focus of the activities such as the Agrarian Reform, Human Rights, Gender, Food Sovereignty, Sustainable Agriculture and Genetic Resources.

Goals of FSPI
1.    The changes, reform, recovery and restructuring of the economic development management model in general and agrarian policy in particular are being achieved.
2.    The changes, reform, recovery and restructuring of the political democracy in general and the political sovereignty of the peasant in particular are being achieved.
3.    The recovery and restructure the people’s custom and cullture in general and the peasants’ in particular are being achieved.

Struggle Principle of FSPI
The Federation of Indonesian Peasant Union is an organization of peasant community and indigenous people which is in the form of federation, independent, non partisan, and characterized in equality and humanism based on peoples’ sovereignty.

Roles of FSPI
1.    As the defender of the peasants’ interest in general and its members in particular.
2.    As the connector between its peasant organizations’ members and the councils that can support the peasant struggles and the indigenous people both in the national and international levels
3.    As the center of information of the peasants and the indigenous people both in the national and international levels.
4.    As a place of advocacy movement of Indonesian peasants and indigenous people becoming its members.
5.    As the center of the agrarian policy study in indonesia.
6.    As the doer / a part of the Agrarian reform process in Indonesia
7.    As a group that emphasizes the country to implement the agrarian reform
8.    As the backbound of the civilian movement.
9.    As a part of the defender of peasant’s interest and or the International indigenous people.


Positions of FSPI
1.    As the umbrella of the Indonesian peasant organization which become its members.
2.    As the pioneer of the peasant movement in Indonesia
3.    As a part of the International peasant movements.

Programs & Actions of FSPI
Main Action of FSPI
1.    Conducting research and study on the agrarian policy.
2.    Organizing various forms of education for the organization peasant cadres and or the indigenous people becoming its members.
3.    Giving information service on chance, challenge, and issue, which can be used by its members.
4.    Organizing cooperation with other peasant organizations and indigenous people having the same view, principles, and goals with FSPI.
5.    Conducting advocacy on case and policy disadvantage its member.
6.    Expanding its federation member and strengthening its member.
7.    Motivating and supporting the birth of other people organizations which are in accordance with FSPI.
8.    Building a strong cooperation and solidarity with other pro-democratic organizations and indigenous people, both in the national and international levels.
9.    Building equivalent relationship with the government and be criticized both in the national and international world as long as still in accordance with FSPI’s view, goals, and interests.
10.    Motivating and facilitating cooperation among FSPI members and other organizations, which are in line with FSPI’s struggle.

Working Program of  FSPI
1.    Research and study program
2.    Communication, publication, and documentation program
3.    Education and organization development program
4.    Mass action and campaign program
5.    Reinforcement of peasant’s economic, social, and culture program
6.    Law and political program
7.    Networking program

Organization Experience

Several activities of FSPI along the year 2004 were as follows:
A.    Publication
•    Publishing the book of “Against Neoliberalism. Education Series for Peasants”
•    Publishing the book of “Recovering the Counterfeit of World Bank’s Land
    Reform”
•    Publishing the Tabloid of “Peasant’s Reform” every two months.

B.    Seminar/Press Conference
•    Joint releasing on the violence to the peasants in Manggarai, NTT on March 2004.
•    Releasing with IGJ on the meeting of WTO’s General Council in Geneva, in the month of July.  
•    FSPI and La Via Campesina conducted Campaign on Peasant’s Rights and took part in the annual meeting of the annual meeting of United Nations’ Human Rights Commission in Geneva, April 2004.
•    Press Conference on the 60th years of the World Bank, Jakarta, July 2004
•    Workshop and seminar on the Genuine Agrarian Reform in the Gedung Juang ’45, Jakarta, September 2004
•    Join discussion in the visitation of 14 Korean peasants jointed in Korean Peasant Ligue (KPL) to FSPI and Peasant Unions in East Java and West Nusa Tenggara, December 2004
•    International Seminar on the Failure of WTO in Cancun-Mexico cooperating with Via Campesina in Padang, West Sumatra, May 2004
•    Participating in the Peasant Exchange and Organic Agriculture Training in the region of South East Asia and East Asia in Thailand, May 2004
•    Participating in the meeting of FMRA in Valencia, Spain, December 2004

C.    Action
•    Rally against the Law Bill of Water Resource in the Indonesian Legislative Assembly coincided with the Plenary Session of Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, February 2004
•    Solidarity action on the case of environment population by Pertamina harming peasants and fishers in Balongan, West Java, July 2004
•    Action with Non-governmental Organizations, Mass Organizations, university students in the World Bank’s office in Jakarta Exchange on the Negative Impact of Neoliberlism/imperialism in the form of World Bank, Jakarta, 2004
•    3 days rally in Tugu Proklamasi, Bundaran HI and in the National Palace to commemorate the Peasant Day 24 September, Jakarta, September 2004 and simultaneously the action of the FSPI’s peasant unions starting from East Nusa Tenggara, west Nusa Tenggara, East Java, West Java, and Sumatra took place with the same issue, i.e. Maintaining the Basic Agrarian Law 1960 as the foundation to implement the genuine agrarian reform in Indonesia. 

D.    Education / Training Program
•    Education and training of organic agriculture in Sikka District Peasant Union – East Nusa Tenggara, Sikka District, February 2004.
•    Education and training of organic agriculture in West Nusa Tenggara Peasant Union, East java Peasant Union, Central Java Peasant Union,  West Java Peasant Union, Banten Peasant Union, LAmpung Peasant Union, South Sumatra Peasant Union, Jambi Peasant Union, Aceh Peasant Union, North Sumatra Peasant Union, and West Sumatera Peasant Union from March up to October 2004
•    Workshop on Women peasants’ reinforcement. Jakarta, August 2004.

Membership
The organization becoming FSPI’s member is peasant organization in the province level. In the intenational, FSPI is the member of La Via Campesina, the International peasant movement. In the 3rd Congress of La Via Campesina in Banglore, India, FSPI was chosen as the Regional Coordinator for the South East Asia and East Asia Regions. Moreover, in May 2004, FSPI was chosen back as the Regional Coordinator for the South East Asia and East Asia Regions. Furthermore, in the 4th Congress of La Via Campesina in San Paolo, Brazil, FSPI was chosen as La Via Campesina’s International Operative Secretariat for the period of 2004 – 2008.

Member List of FSPI
Aceh Peasant Association (PERMATA)
North Sumatra Peasant Union (SPSU)
West Sumatra Peasant Union (SPSB)
Jambi Peasant Union (PERTAJAM)
South Sumatera Peasant Union (SPSS).
Lampung Peasant Union (SPL)
Banten Peasant Union (SPB)  
Pasundan Peasant Union (SPP)  
East Java peasant Union (SPJATIM)
Central Java Peasant Union (SPJT)
West Nusa Tenggara Peasant Union (SERTA NTB)
Sikka District Peasant Union (SPKS – NTT)

Secretariat
The Federation Secretariat was firstly in Medan, North Sumatra. Afterwards, in the 2nd Congress of FSPI held in Malang, East Java, it was decided to be in Jakarta. At the present time, the Federation Secretariat is located on:
Jl. Mampang Prapatan XIV No. 5 Jakarta – Indonesia 12790
Phone Number: +62 21 7991890 Fax: +62 21 7993426


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