1876, the chemistrian Oskar Korschelt (born 18??, 18??-18?? student in Dresden and Berlin) with his wife comes to Japan, invited by the Japanese, and becomes assistant professor at the university of Tokyo. His first two children are born in Tokio.
1880, he learns go while ill for a longer period. The he, for the first time in Europe, extensively presents the game of Go in the Mittheilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur und Völkerkunde Ostasiens (Informations of the German Society for Natural and Cultural Science East Asia), a union of researches mainly in Japan. His voluminous
article in several issues of the journal contains the history of Go, the rules, a nomenclature, 12 example games, 155 Tsumego-problems, endgame theory and 50 Fusekis from Murase Shuho. In it he also introduces the marking of the lines by Latin letters and Arab numbers. 1881 he republishes the article as Das Japanisch-chinesiche Spiel "Go". Ein Concurrent des Schach. Separatabdruck aus dem 21ten bis 24ten Heft der «Mittheilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens» (The Japanese-Chinese game GO, a concurrent of chess. Seperat print from the 21st to 24th issue of Informations of the German Society for Natural and Cultural Science East Asia), Yokohama.
6. R. Lechners k.u.k. Courtly and Universitarian Bookseller, Graben 31, and zje k.u.k. Courtly Bookseller Frick, Graben 27, Vienna, sell Go-gamesets in various price classes and several times advertize for them in the Neuen Freien Presse of Vienna.
1884 - 1886
1884 Korschelt, Knight of the Imperial Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, leaves Japan and return his family to Europe. His attempt, to establish trade with Japan from Hongkong, fails and (probably 1886) he returns to Leipzig, where he lives in the Kantstraße, later in the Fichtestraße 4. He makes a living by selling the sun ether beam apparatuses, he invented and patented.
Edward Falkener: Games Ancient and Oriental, London
R. Schurig publishes Go, das Nationalspiel der Japaner (Go the National Game of the Japanese), Leipzig
Austro-hungarian marine officers learn about Go from Korschelt's book and East Asia journeys.
The engineering student Edward Lasker in Berlin
learns about Go from Korschelt's article. He and his friend Max Lange learn Go from some Kifu in a Japanese newspaper left behind by a Japanese gentleman in a chess café frequented by Lasker.
Emanuel Lasker returns from the USA to Germany and learns Go from Edward Lasker. They play Go once a week in Emanuel Lasker's flat, taught by the Japanese student Yasugoro Kitabatake.
Errors in Schurig's books motivate Courtly Councillor Leopold Pfaundler, Professor for Physics in Graz , to publish the book Das chinesisch-japanische Go-Spiel, eine systematische Darstellung und Anleitung zum Spiel desselben, Teubner-Verlag Leipzig, (The Chinese-Japanese Game Go, a systematic presentation and instruction to play it), which is sold in large number. A go circle develops around Pfaundler in Graz, from which also another circle in Vienna evolves.
Pfaundler's book is read also by austro-hungarian marine officers.
between 1905 and 1909
Max Lange is the first Go-player, who learns Go in Germany and travels to Japan for go studies. After his return he teaches the game to his brother-in-law Felix Dueball.
1909 - 1910
Pfaundler publishes and edits the handwritten Deutsche Go-Zeitung (German Go Journal) for 44-60 subscribers in Germany and Austria, the first non-Asian Go-journal.
The list of 47 players known to Pfaundler in the first issue from February 1909 on p. 3 contains:
6 from Berlin (among them D.
Emanuel Lasker, mathematician, chess world champion 1894 - 1921, his cousin Stud. Edward Lasker, D. Max Lange, Erich Holz, D. Yasugoro Kitabatake),
1 from Bonn am Rhein,
1 from Bottrop,
Highschool teacher Felix Dueball from Gnesen in Posen [now Gniezno in Poland],
16 from Graz (among them Birnbacher),
1 from Constantinople,
1 from Lemberg [now L'viv in Ukraine],
1 from Mödritz near Brünn [now ... near Brno],
1 from Reichenberg in Bohemia [now Liberec],
17 from Vienna (among them D. Gustav Herglotz, D. Stefan Mayer, University professor, D. Hermann Pfaundler, D. Richard Pfaundler).
In the second issue from March 1909 on p. 8 the list is complemented:
+1 from Graz,
Ing. Kurt Rosner from Pola, Marine Machine School,
+4 from Wien,
+1 from Budapest.
In the list of adress changes D. Eduard Herglotz from the University Leipzig is mentioned. The stated prename was an error by Pfaundler, the mentioned person war des the German Bohemian
D. ph. Gustav Herglotz (as proofed by the adress list in the first issue of the DGoZ and the
Personal-Verzeichnisse of the University Leipzig), , 1909-1925 Professor of Mathematics and Director of the Mathematical Institute in Leipzig.
There are also various games played with chequers, some
of great antiquity; ... In all of these the money element comes in;
and it is not too much to say that more homes are broken up, and more
misery caused by this truly national vice than can be attributed to
any other cause.
Fritz John, cl. 35, begins the subscription of the DGoZ, he is the son of John, cl. 28 and German Chess Master
first German Go-Tournament in Munich, 12 participiants inclusive extraregional participiants, 2. Strohmeyer, 3. Abele, 4. Schieck, 8. Grethlein, 10. Rosenwald
I. Tele-Tournament of the DGoZ on 15x15 with 16 players, on place 15. J. Schubert from Leipzig 2:13:1
K. Küster, Leipzig, subscriber of the DGoZ (no more 1929)
in Berlin a German Go Club in the Café Zielka in the Leipziger Straße and a Japanese Go Club are in close contact; June: a competition between the two clubs, both rather equally good, on seven boards is published in the DGoZ
Bruno Rüger publishes Interessante Go-Partien (Interesting Go-Games), Berlin, as supplement of his Go-book. The article about Four-Stone-Handicap-Fuseki was translated by Prof. Nonnenmacher, Vienna, from a Japanese book.
Yunsuke Kageyama in Germany
II. Tele-Tournament of the DGoZ on 19x19, also J. Schubert from Leipzig participates
Go-holidays of Rüger, Felix Dueball und Dr. Lasker from Berlin, Grethlein from Nürnberg, Dr. Rosenwald from Munich and Carl Fröschl from Vienna in Ilmenau, Dueball best player
Bruno Rüger publishes Anleitung zur Eröffnung von Go-Spielen
best German players: Cl. 20: Felix Dueball,22: Fritz John,Alfred Rüger (brother of Bruno Rüger),23: Bruno Rüger,24: Emanuel Lasker, 25: Sprague
best German players: Cl. 19: Felix Dueball,22: Fritz John,23: Alfred Rüger,Bruno Rüger,24: Emanuel Lasker, Kirstein, 25: Sprague, Carl Fröschl; best player from Leipzig is J. Schubert in Cl. 36 (9 )
ab 27.7. Go-holidays in Rathen, Saxonian Ore Mountains; participiants: Rüger, Prof. Nonnenmacher, Dr. Lasker, Dr. Rosenwald, Hofbauer
Bruno Rüger publishes Das Vorgabespiel beim Go. Behandlung der wichtigsten Joseki und ausführliche Beschreibung von Vorgabe-Eröffnungen (The Handicap-Play in Go. Treatise of the most important Joseki and extensive description on handicap-openings)
for the first time in a journal the rules of Go are published in Czech language
invited and financed by the Japanese multimillionaire Baron Okura, Felix Dueball, strongest German player, lives in Japan for 12 months with his wife and there trains daily; the first Go-game in history of the German Champion against the World Champion: 7.6. 1930 Dueball - Honinbo Shusai
Go-holiday in Steinach at the Brenner pass; participiants: 12 men, 6 women, 1 child, 2 dogs
III. Tele-Tournament of the DGoZ
L. Grebe publishes Die Elemente des Go. Versuch einer Analyse des Spiels (The elements of Go. Attempt to analyze the game), Jena
Emanuel Lasker publishes Brettspiele der Völker (Boardgames of the peoples) with 30 pages about Go, there he clearly recognizes: Go has a more strict logic than chess, is more simple and does not require less phantasy.
In another publication he says: When there are other intelligent beings in the universe, than they maybe know chess, but surely Go.
III. Tele-Tournament of the DGoZ
The weekly journal Denken und Raten publishes every two weeks some Go-problems.
this year the common holidays of the best German Go players each summer is entitled 6. German Go Congress and takes place in Lautenthal, Harz
in Halle several students from a Go circle without external help
best German players: Cl. 18: Felix Dueball,21: Fritz John,Alfred Rüger,23: Kirstein, Bruno Rüger, Wittig, 24: Emanuel Lasker, Rosenwald, 25: Sprague, Carl Fröschl; best player from Leipziger is J. Schubert in Cl. 36 (9 )
Handicap tournaments in Berlin and Dresden, both with over eight participiants
[Actually, Rüger indicates the number to be 200.000. This is either a printing error a an intentional false information by Rüger.]
A mail-tele-Go-game with pasted paper-go-stones between Carl Fröschl in Vienna and Siebert in Hamburg is examined by the GeStaPo in Vienna by interrogating Fröschl. But Fröschl can explain, what Go is, although the continuation is interdicted.
Emanuel Lasker (72) dies in exile, where he had to go as a liberal jewish philosopher, in New York
Oskar Korschelt dies in Leipzig
Walther Blachetta publishes Go, das vollkommene Brettspiel - Einführung in die Spielregeln und den Spielgang (Go, the perfect boardgame = Introduction into the rules and the way to play)
Walther Blachetta publishes Go = Mitteilungen über Go und andere Brettspiele (Informations about Go and other boardgames), the first circular of the Deutsches Go-Instituts
Bruno Rüger publishes the second, more extensive edition of his book Das Go-Spiel in Leipzig, only because of the Prefatory note of the imperial-Japanese ambassador in Berlin Hiroshi Oshima, who is happy about the flourishing German Go scene, the print permission is given
Eine ausführlichere Behandlung des Themas findet sich auch in dem BucheMore extensive information on the topic can be found in the bookOn peut trouver des infomations plus extensives sur cet thème dans la livre:
Franco Pratesi, EuroGo, Vol. 1, Aracne, 2004 Firenze
Milton N. Bradley, How Go came to America, 2002; Jerald E. Pinto, "How The Young Edward Lasker Learned About Go, And How He and The World Chess Champion Nearly Went To Japan To Study With the Masters", in: The American Go Journal, Vol 16, #2, (June 1981); Emanuel Lasker, "From My Go Career", in: Go Monthly Review 1961, #7+9
mémoires personelles de Hilde Korschelt