The creation of the I.S.F.:
Lebanon did not know a police organization, in the modern and legal meaning, before the creation of a lebanese gendarmerie by virtue of protocol 1861. Before this year, the Lebanese Emirs, with the help of their armed men, were in charge of policing, law enforcement and tax-collect. We will present here after a summary of the creation of the I.S.F.
The mandate of Emir Fakhreddine II (He came to power in 1589):
The Emir Fakhreddine II is considered to be the founder of the modern Lebanese state. After a perturbated childhood, he came to power in 1589 and started instantly working for the unification of the country, by destroying some independent ephemeral Lebanese families, who were dissenters. In order to control policing and for the execution of ordinary police missions, the Emir has created a group of armed men, named “Zelems” i.e. direct servants. There were also another little groups of “Zelems” for feudal lords. If internal disorders became alarming and threatening the total security of the country, the Emir did not hesitate to ask help from his professional elements “The Sikmans”, who were foreign mercenaries. Nevertheless, he avoided the participation of “Bedouins”, used to theft and murders, instead of military actions ...
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