Industry Statistics
 
Historic U.S. Fuel Ethanol Production
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Year Millions of Gallons
1980 175
1981 215
1982 350
1983 375
1984 430
1985 610
1986 710
1987 830
1988 845
1989 870
1990 900
1991 950
1992 1,100
1993 1,200
1994 1,350
1995 1,400
1996 1,100
1997 1,300
1998 1,400
1999 1,470
2000 1,630
2001 1,770
2002 2,130
2003 2,800
2004 3,400
2005 3,904

 
 
Ethanol Industry Overview
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Year January 1999 January 2000 January 2001 January 2002 January 2003 January 2004 January 2005 January 2006 present
Total Ethanol Plants 50 54 56 61 68 72 81 95 97
Ethanol Production Capacity

1701.7

mgy

1748.7

mgy

1921.9 mgy 2347.3 mgy 2706.8 mgy 3100.8 mgy 3643.7 mgy 4336.4 mgy

4481.4

mgy

                   
Plants Under Construction 5 6 5 13 11 15 16 31 33
Capacity Under Construction 77 mgy 91.5 mgy 64.7 mgy 390.7 mgy 483 mgy 598 mgy 754 mgy 1778 mgy 1893 mgy
                   
Farmer Owned Plants 14 18 21 25 28 33 40 46 46
Farmer Owned Capacity

293.3

mgy

340.3 mgy 473 mgy 645.6 mgy 796.6 mgy 1041.1 mgy 1388.6 mgy 1677.1 mgy

1677.1

mgy

% of Total Cap Farmer 17% 19% 25% 28% 29% 34% 38% 39% 39%
                   

Farmer Owned

UC Plants

5 3 3 10 8 12 10 4 4

Farmer Owned

UC Capacity

77 mgy 60 mgy 60 mgy 335 mgy 318 mgy 447 450 mgy 187 mgy 187 mgy
% of Total UC Capacity 100% 66% 71% 86% 66% 75% 60% 11% 11%
                   
States with Ethanol Plants 17 17 18 19 20 19 18 20 21


 
 
2006 Monthly U.S. Fuel Ethanol Production/Demand
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Month Production, b/d (1000s) Production (1000 barrels) Stocks (1000 barrels) Stocks: days in reserve Production (1000 gal) Imports (1000 gal)* Exports (1000 gal)^ Stocks change (1000 gal) Demand (1000 gal) Demand, b/d (1000s)
Jan 288 8942 6173 21.4 375564 2687 0 25620 352631 271
Feb 302 8452 7376 24.4 354984 25578 0 50526 330036 281
Mar 301 9338 8708 28.9 392196 28586 0 55944 364838 280
Apr                    
May                    
Jun                    
Jul                    
Aug                    
Sep                    
Oct                    
Nov                    
Dec                    
Totals 891 26732 56851 832
Ave. 297 8910.67 18950.33 277


b/d = barrels/day

*Source:  U.S. International Trade Association

^Jim Jordan and Associates

 
 
U.S. Fuel Ethanol Industry Plants and Production Capacity
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Click here to view.

 
 
U.S. Fuel Ethanol Demand
(Millions of Gallons)
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  2002 2003 2004
U.S. Production 2,130 2,800 3,400
Imports 46 61 161
Exports n/a n/a n/a
Stocks Change -91 39 -31
Demand 2,085 2,900 3,530

 
 
Fuel Ethanol Use by State
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Click here to view. Note: The figures are estimated from gasohol tax collections, refunds, and credits reported by the Internal Revenue Service.

Source: Federal Highway Administration

 
 
Annual World Ethanol Production by Country
(Millions of Gallons, All Grades)
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Country
2004 2005
Brazil 3,989 4,227
U.S. 3,535 4.264
China 964 1,004
India 462 449
France 219 240
Russia 198 198
South Africa 110 103
U.K. 106 92
Saudi Arabia 79 32
Spain 79 93
Thailand 74 79
Germany 71 114
Ukraine 66 65
Canada 61 61
Poland 53 58
Indonesia 44 45
Argentina 42 44
Italy 40 40
Australia 33 33
Japan 31 30
Pakistan 26 24
Sweden 26 29
Philippines 22 22
South Korea 22 17
Guatemala 17 17
Cuba 16 12
Ecuador 12 14
Mexico 9 12
Nicaragua 8 7
Mauritius 6 3
Zimbabwe 6 5
Kenya 3 4
Swaziland 3 3
Others 338 710
Total 10,770 12,150 


Source: F.O. Licht

 
 
U.S. Fuel Ethanol Imports by Country
(millions of gallons)
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Country
2002 2003 2004
Brazil 0 0 90.3
Costa Rica 12 14.7 25.4
El Salvador 4.5 6.9 5.7
Jamaica 29 39.3 36.6
Total 45.5 60.9 159.9

 
 
Ethanol Prices
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We are often asked for information on current or historical ethanol prices at the wholesale level. As the national trade association for the U.S. fuel ethanol industry, the Renewable Fuels Association is not allowed to track or report pricing information for anti-competitive reasons. The following background information may be of interest:

Most ethanol is sold under long-term contract. These contracts are private agreements between ethanol producers/marketers and petroleum companies. According to industry observers, roughly 90 to 95% of ethanol is sold under these long-term contracts (6 to 12 months). Many of these contracts are "fixed price." In other words, the price a petroleum company pays for the ethanol doesn't change, regardless of changes in the spot (wholesale) market price. Some of these contracts may be "pegged" to a gasoline benchmark. In this case, when wholesale gasoline prices move up or down, the price a petroleum company pays for ethanol moves accordingly.

The remaining small amount of ethanol is sold on the "spot" market. Prices fluctuate daily according to market conditions. Numerous companies track these daily spot prices for clients. Such firms include:
Ethanol Lowers Gasoline Prices

Compared to other octane components in the fuels market, ethanol is a great bargain. By adding domestic supply to the gasoline market, ethanol also helps reduce prices at the pump. Click here to learn more about how ethanol saves consumers money.

Additional information:
  • Ethanol and Gas Prices
    LECG, LLC
    May 2004
    View DOC
  • Over a Barrel: Why Aren't Oil Companies Using Ethanol to Lower Gasoline Prices
    Consumer Federation of America
    May 2005
    View PDF
 

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