THE NINETEENTH CENTURY: 1826 - 1835.

1826 - 1833.

Mexico City. The Grand Lodge of New York establish three Lodges. These Lodges were formed into a Grand Lodge of the York Rite by Brother Joel R. Poinsett (American Minister to Mexico), a former Grand Master of South Carolina. However, there is no record that since the year 1815 any foreign Lodges have been warranted by the Grand Lodge of New York. The source of authority is not now so important as the so-called York Rite, or, in other words, Craft Freemasonry, flourished. Toward the end of 1826 there were twenty-five Lodges, with a membership of about seven hundred. The Escoceses, or "Scots Masons," finding their Lodges deserted, regarded the Yorkinos as renegades and traitors, and with a view to counterbalance the fast increasing power of the latter, they formed the Novenarios, a kind of militia, which derived its name from a regulation requiring each member to enlist nine additional adherents. These ingratiated themselves with the clergy, who, after having been the most embittered enemies of the Craft in past years, now joined the Escoceses almost in a body. The Yorkinos, becoming aware of these proceedings, tried to outdo their rivals by recruiting their own Lodges upon the plan of receiving all applicants without distinction, provided they belong to the federal, i.e., the patriotic party. Thus, the system of Freemasonry very soon degenerated into a mere party question, and at last all the adherents of one side styled themselves "Escoceses," and of the other side, "Yorkinos." In 1828, the two parties resorted to open warfare, with a view to deciding the question at issue by the sword, and the civil war, then commenced, lasted for more than a generation. Somewhere about this time, while Dr. Vincente Guerrero -- Grand Master under the York Rite -- was President of the Republic, a law was enacted by which all Masonic Lodges were closed. The Yorkinos obeyed their Grand Master, and discontinued their meetings. The Escoceses went on working, but some of their most influential Lodges were suppressed, and the members vanished. Subsequently, all native Spaniards were expelled from Mexican territory. This internecine strife seriously affected the Fraternity in general, and gave birth, during the darkest hours of the struggle for supremacy, to an organization called the National Mexican Rite, formed by Freemasons, and composed of distinguished men, but containing innovations and principles so antagonistic to Masonic usage and doctrine, that it was never accorded recognition, even in Mexico, by any Masonic body of acknowledged legality. This new school of Freemasonry was established by nine brethren of both Rites, and who had belonged to the highest grade of either system, in 1830. To guard against the intrusion of unworthy members and the revival of political antagonism, they resolved to create a Rite which should be national, in the sense of not depending upon any foreign Grand Lodge for its Constitution, and to obviate by safeguards and precautions of an elaborate character, the dangers to be apprehended from the reception of either Escoceses or Yorkinos. The National Mexican Rite consisted of nine Degrees, which omitting the first three, were 4, Approved Master (equal to the 15, "Scots"); 5, Knight of the Secret (equal to 18, "Scots"); 6, Knight of the Mexican Eagle [Note that in Aztecan times there was a similar order of Priests and Warrior - Monks, known as Eagle-Knights]; 7, Perfect Architect or Templar; 8, Grand Judge, and 9, Grand Inspector General. All of these Degrees had their equivalents in the grades of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, 33. With the "St. John's" (or purely Craft) Degrees certain special signs were associated, which, however, were not required from foreigners unless they had acted as auxiliaries in any of the party contests. A Grand Orient, composed of members of the 9, was supreme in matters of dogma or ritual. There was also an administrative body or National Grand Lodge, whose members were elective and met in the metropolis. The Provincial Grand Lodges had their seats in the State capitals, and were formed by the "three lights" of at least five St. John's Lodges. But although still preserving a nominal existence, the several Grand Bodies, owing to political convulsions, were virtually dormant for many years after 1833.

1826.

Munich. Franz von Baader appointed professor of philosophy and speculative theology at the New University of Munich. Some of the lectures were published under the title, Spekulative Dogmatik (1827). Judging by the titles in his writings, he appears to be yet another link in the chain that leads to the Social Philosophy and Occult Revival of the 19th Century throughout Western Europe.

8 October. New York City. Pascal Beverly Randolph born.

A portion of the Disciples of Memphis started afresh under the Grand Orient.

Joseph Cerneau leaves the USA for France.

A portion of the A & P Rite went under the Grand Orient.

Batavia, New York. William Morgan, after publishing Masonic rituals in the form of an "exposé", is jailed, then turns up missing. It is said that he was arrested by the police, with the assistance of Lodge Brethren. They claim to have taken him to the Canadian border, where he was released into the charge of a Canadian Royal Mounted, who was to put him up in a house, where he was to get a new lease on life. When Morgan is missed in New York, the Brethren appeal to Canada, where he is being kept, or so they think. The news from Canada is that Morgan is nowhere to be found. He has flown the coop, or else he has been liquidated. The events described in this chronology took place, creating the AntiMasonic excitement, the Republican Party, the Civil War, the Mormons, and other problem cases in American History.

M.Taveau in France invents mercury amalgam fillings.

Cholera epidemic begins in India.

1827.

Ferdinand de Lesseps sent to Tunis to occupy a post similar to that held in Lisbon from 1825.

November. New York. The works of the Cerneau Consistory cease, due to the Morgan affair, "over which it had no control." It is possible, too, that it ceased at this time, since Joseph Cerneau left New York for good in 1826, the year that Morgan turned up missing. Was Cerneau somehow connected to the Morgan affair? That is a matter of speculation.

Aluminum is discovered.

1828.

Crossen, near Frankfurt. Naundorff settles here, after being released from prison for alleged counterfeiting.

Gerard de Nerval publishes a translation of Goethe's Faust, the choruses of which were used afterwards by Berlioz for his legend-symphony, The Damnation of Faust.

Paris. Fabré-Palaprat's doctrine of the Levitikon was reorganized after 1828 under the name of the High Initiation, or the Holy Church of Christ, or the Church of Primitive Christians. Albert Pike would call this the Holy Doctrine. It was a secular religion of the kind which was peculiar to this period, though it put down some roots, and still influences some French esoteric circles(and American and Swiss esoteric circles, as well as Haitian, Australian, etc.,) Essentially it was an academic, didactic faith which became more and more bookish as it tried to leave the Masonic lodge and establish itself in public precincts.

Radiactive element Thorium is discovered. Anti-Masonic party established.

1829.

A number of poetical pieces and three comedies combined to acquire for de Nerval, at the age of 21, a considerable reputation, and led to his association with Gautier in the preparation of the dramatic feuilleton for the Presse.

Smithsonian Institution founded in Washington DC.

1830.

Adam Weishaupt dies.

Society of Eight : William Alexander Ayton.

Marc and Michel Bedarride re-open the Rite of Misraim, but nobody interested.

Paris. The Order of the Temple. So long as the restored Bourbon monarchy persisted, setting up new secular religious places of worship was difficult. But once the July Revolution of 1830 had taken place -- and Fabré-Palaprat himself took an active part in the July days -- the way was clear for movements such as those of the Saint-Simonians and of Fabré-Palaprat's Church of Primitive Christians. He needed, however, a 'Primate' of some kind, and found him in the advanced radical clergyman, Ferdinand Chatel, whose 'French Catholic Church' proclaimed freedom from papal authority and the preaching of the liturgy in French, rejected clerical celibacy and the practice of auricular confession, and asked for the popular election of bishops. Chatel was seeking an authority to consecrate him as Bishop of this new Church, and he found it in the doctrines of Fabré-Palaprat's Levitikon and in the Neo-Templar chief's willingness to consecrate him 'Primate of the Gauls.'

Six years after his interrogatory at Bayreuth, Witt Doehring published his book on the secret societies of France and Italy, Les Sociétés Secrètes de France et d'Italie, in which he now realized he had played the part of dupe, and claims that the Alta Vendita was a further development of the Illuminati. This association constituted the Supreme Directory of the Carbonari and was led by a group of Italian noblemen, amongst whom a prince, "the profoundest of initiates, was charged as Inspector-General of the Order" to propagate its principles throughout the North of Europe. "He had received from the hands Kingge[sic] [i.e. Knigge, the ally of Weishaupt?] the cahiers of the last three degrees." But these were of course unknown to the great majority of Carbonari, who entered the association in all good faith. Witt Doehring then shows how faithfully the system of Weishaupt was carried out by the Alta Vendita. In the three first degrees, he explains --

"It is still a question of the morality of Christianity and even of the Church, for which those who wish to be received must promise to sacrifice themselves. The initiates imagine, according to this formula, that the object of the association is something high and noble, that it is the Order of those who desire a purer morality and a stronger piety, the independence and the unity of their country. One cannot therefore judge the Carbonari en masse; there are excellent men amongst them... But everything changes after one has taken the three degrees. Already in the fourth, in that of the Aostoli, one promises to overthrow all monarchies, and especially the kings of the race of the Bourbons. But it is only in the sevent h and last degree, reached by few, that revelations go further. At last the veil is torn completely for the Principi Summo Patriarcho. Then one learns that the aim of the Carbonari is just the same as that of the Illuminés. This degree, in which a man is at the same time prince and bishop, coincides with the Homo Rex of the latter. The initiate vows the ruin of all religion and of all positive government, whether despotic or democratic; murder, poison, perjury, are all at their disposal. Who does not remember that on the suppression of the Illuminés was found, amongst other poisons, a tinctura ad abortium faciendum [an abortion tincture?]. The summo maestro laughs at the zeal of the mass of Carbonari who have sacrificed themselves for the liberty and independence of Italy, neither one nor the other being for him a goal but a method..."

Russell & Company buys out the Perkins opium syndicate, which had created the wealth of the Cabot, Lowell, Higginson, Forbes, Cushing and Sturgis familie. Russell makes Connecticut the primary center of the US opium racket. Massachusetts families (Coolidge, Sturgis, Forbes and Delano) joined Connecticut (Alsop) and New York (Low) trafficking families under the auspices of the Russell Company and the British.

Export of nitrates from Chile begins.

Britain imports 18,956 chests of opium to China. Opium becomes the largest commodity in world trade. Element Vanadium is discovered.

1831.

February. The Supreme Council of France voluntarily entered into a correspondence with the Supreme Grand Council, United States of America, by the hands of the Comte St. Laurent; and that on his arrival in New York, the Supreme Grand Council was convened, and the Union of the Supreme Council for Terra Firma, etc., with the Sovereign Grand Consistory, was consummated. But... the Comte searched around for the old surviving members, and finally succeeded in organizing the Body, all the members except himself being of the old Consistory.

23 February. The Supreme Council of the P S Gr Ins Gen, 33rd and last Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Heredom, for the United States of America, its Territories and Dependencies, received a dispatch from the Supreme Council of France, which "caused among the members the most serious reflections," and a Committee was appointed to collect information from the archives, and prepare a reply. A dispatch was also received from P S Gr Com the Comte St. Laurent, proposing a Union, by Treaty, between the Hicks Council and that for Terra Firma, New Spain, South America, Porto Rico, Canary Islands, etc., of which he claimed to be Sov Gr Commander, and with which the Ancient Supreme Council of Mexico had already been united. The proposition was agreed to, and a Committee appointed to make the Treaty.

Paris. According to Nesta Webster's account it was in 1831 that the Lévitikon was published, together with a version of the Gospel of St. John differing from the Vulgate. These books, which appear to have been printed only for private circulation amongst the members and are now extremely rare, relate that the Order of the Temple had never ceased to exist since the days of Jacques de Molay... and from that time onwards a Line of Grand Masters succeeded each other without a break up to the end of the 18th century, when it ceased for a brief period but was reinstituted under a new Grand Master, Fabré-Palaprat, in 1804.

In the New Year of 1831 Chatel established his new French Catholic Church in some former shop premises in Montmartre. He decorated it with black drapes hired from a local undertaker, with a bust of King Louis-Philippe placed under the tricolor flag, and with a poster announcing the names of the three greatest benefactors of humanity: Confucius, Parmentier the apostle of the potato, and the Orleanist banker, Lafitte. The Neo-Templar Johannite Church had its own premises in a former bottle shop in the Cour des Miracles, near the Porte St.-Denis. The place-name was utilized by the Neo-Templars to locate their publications and announcements at the 'Apostolic Court of the Temple'. They dated their documents from Magistropolis, according to a mystical calendar which commenced with the foundation of the Templar Order in 1118. After 1830 the officials of the order assumed yet more pompous titles. Jean-Marie Ragon, a former member of the Masonic Rite des Trinosophes, was an official in the Ministry of the Interior. After 1831 he became 'Count Jean-Marie de Venise', Primatial Vicar of the French Catholic Church. Like most 'clergy' of sects of the Johannite kind, he gave lectures rather than sermons. Another prominent member of the group was the publisher, Guyot, the former editor of the Manuel des Chevaliers de l'Ordre du Temple (1825). The impression given by the Neo-Templar membership of this final period is that of a decorous, respectable, middle-class establishment, which still sought to maintain its connection with the masonic nobles.

The alliance between Chatel and Fabré-Palaprat did not last long. Chatel soon tired of his Masonic friends, was expelled with ignominy from the Neo-Templar or Johannite flock, and was 'tried' for heresy in a synod in which, in true Masonic fashion, the guilty heretic was represented by a rag-doll. This was not the end of the troubles of the new religion.

Poland. Hoene-Wronski advocates his own system of philosophy, which he termed Messianism. This is Polish Messianism, a movement of philosophy which attracted many Romantic Writers of the period. The central idea is that Poland is the Chosen Country of Europe, etc. This may be related to survivals of either Shabbetean or Frankist communities in Poland. Wronski publishes Prospectus of Messianism (1831), and Messianism, Final Union of Philosophy and Religion (1831-1839). At this time Wronski would not have been in Poland, but in France. Hoëne-Wronski spent most of his life as a Polish expatriate in France, where he is generally held to have been the magical initiator of Alphonse Louis Constant (Eliphas Levi). Hoëne-Wronski was indeed an 'occult master' involved with the ideas of the Kabbalah, Gnosticism, and the teachings of Jakob Böhme, but he was also a well-respected (if a bit eccentric) mathematician and philosopher of his day. He was also dedicated to romantic social reform movements, and was the leader of a group called the "Antinomian Union." Among other things, Hoëne-Wronski held that humanity was to pass through five evolutionary stages, and that his theories would open the way to the fifth and final stage. Perhaps the most important of Hoëne-Wronski's theories was his Principle of the Absolute, which held that knowledge of truth was possible through human reason combined with a secret mathematical formula. However, he never seems to have been able to communicate this formula. Related to this was his Law of Creation, which posited that man could "create reality" from the sum of his sense impressions, again combined with a mathematical formula. Waite: "Hoëne-Wronski, whose mathematical transcendentalism was once at least of high authority with French students of Kabbalism, affirms that the reality of the Absolute is the first principle of reason, and in the absence thereof every assertion made by reason would be valueless. On this principle, as on an indispensable condition, he establishes 'absolute philosophy' in his work entitled Apodictique."

Mazzini is exiled to France.

Georg Hegel dies. German philiosopher who gave rise to the Hegelian Dialectic: Thesis (create the crisis) Anti-thesis (Offer the Solution) which is the basis of globalist elite manipulation paradigms. The synthesis achieved becomes a symptomatic reponse instead of addressing the real cause (Gov't). The World Order organizes and finances Jewish groups, anti-Jewish groups, Communist groups, anti-Communist groups, and other "opposing" social forces to create predetermined outcomes ensuring power maintenance.

Cholera epidemic spreads from Russia to Central Europe.

Smallpox epidemic in Wurtemberg, Germany, where 995 vaccinated people succumb to the disease.

In Marseilles, France, 2000 vaccinated people are stricken with smallpox.

1832.

United States. Hicks Rite founded. This was based upon the Cerneau Rite.

Establishment of the United Supreme Council of the Western Hemisphere, according to Folger.

5 April. The Supreme Council of the United States of America, their Territories and Dependencies, held its last sitting. The Treaty was concluded and ratified, both Supreme Councils were declared to have ceased to exist by their former titles, and to be united forever to each other; and Elias Hicks, Sov Gr Ins Gen Thirty-third and last Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, for the United States of America, their Territories and Dependencies., was declared Sovereign Grand Commander, ad vitam , of the United Supreme Council.

2 December. Frankfurt. Owing to the religious intolerance of the Grand Lodge, its territory was once more invaded by the Grand Orient of France, which warranted a Lodge, "Frankfurt Eagle", largely composed of Jews. Ferdinand de Lesseps sent to Alexandria. There, Lapère's memoir on the Suez Canal and his friendship with Mohammed Ali and with the latter's son, Said Pasha, led him to hope that he might one day finish what Lapère had begun. For the time, however, nothing was accomplished.

In 1832, a book was published entitled A Journey to Rennes-les-Bains, which speaks at length of a legendary treasure associated with Blanchefort and Rennes-le-Chateau. The author of this obscure book, Auguste de Labouisse-Rochefort, also produced another work, The Lovers -- To Eleonore. On the title page there appears, without any explanation, the motto "Et in Arcadia Ego."

After the debacle at La Rochelle, the Les Amis de la Vérité merged into the Amis du Peuple, which in turn, in 1832, became the Droits de l'Homme.

The Skull & Bones is launched under the Russell pirate flag.

Andrew Jackson re-elected. Vetos recharter of Bank of US. National debt of the US falls to zero.

British Medical Association chartered. Impetus for forming AMA in U.S.

Christian Hahnemann creates school of homeopathy.

East India Company monopoly of opium trafficking expires.

Jackson veto of re-charter of Second National Bank.

1833 - 1834.

Lytton sojourned in Italy, at Naples, during the years 1833-4, where he received some occult instructions probably from the prince San Severo, who was a member of the Golden Rosy Cross.

1833 - 1837.

Cairo. Ferdinand de Lesseps was consul at Cairo, where he gained distinction by his courage and energy in combating an outbreak of plague.

1833 - 1863.

Mexico. During this period the activities of the National Mexican Rite go dormant, (perhaps, "put to sleep"?) due to the political unrest in Mexico at the time.

1833.

Year of John Yarker's birth.

21 April. Paris. Jacques Etienne Marconis de Negre initiated into the Rite of Misraim.

27 June. Paris. J. E. Marconis de Negre expelled from the Rite of Misraim.

31 October. Deptford, S.E. London. Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie born. Childhood spent in Vienna. He was educated in Austria and returned to England in 1851.

Paris. Naundorff came to push his claims (that he was Louis XVII) in Paris, where he was recognized as the dauphin by many persons formerly connected with the court of Louis XVI.

Paris. In 1833, Jean Baptiste Pitois, Charles Nodier's former disciple at the Arsenal Library, was an official in the ministry of public education. Pitois, as librarian to the Ministry of Public Education, was given the task of sorting through all the books from the monasteries and provincial libraries brought to Paris. He and Charles Nodier pored over them and claimed to have made interesting discoveries daily. In that year the Ministry undertook an ambitious project -- to publish all hitherto suppressed documents pertinent to the history of France. Two committees were formed to preside over the enterprise. These committees included, among others, Victor Hugo, Jules Michelet, and an authority on the Crusades, Baron Emmanuel Rey. Among the works subsequently published under the auspices of the ministry of public education was Michelet's Le Proces des Templiers -- an exhaustive compilation of Inquisition records dealing with the trials of the Knights Templar. Under the same auspices Baron Rey published a number of works dealing with the Crusades and the Frankish Kingdom of Jerusalem. In these works there appeared in print for the first time original charters pertaining to the Prieure de Sion.

Also at this time, Charles Nodier was elected a member of the Academy.

British drop slave trade as unprofitable and issue Emancipation order.

Andrew Jackson orders that US funds be withdrawn from the Bank of the United States.

Mercury amalgam fillings introduced in NYC. Dentists rebelled.

1834.

14 November. Frankfurt. In the years following the warranting of the Lodge "Frankfurt Eagle", a strong feeling favorable to the Jewish Lodges and to the Landgrave Karl's Lodge, "Karl of the Dawning Light", sprang up in the Fraternity, and was reflected by the younger members of the Grand Lodge. The Grand Officers, who were all old members, finding themselves powerless to stem the current, resigned in a body.

23 December. Frankfurt. Johann Friedrich Fiedler was elected G. M., with Kloss as his Deputy.

Vienna. Mackenzie's family at Vienna, where Dr. Mackenzie, who specialized in midwifery, had a hospital appointment. He probably returned to London in 1840, although the annual membership lists of the Royal College of Surgeons locate him in Vienna until as late as 31 August 1842. He was a general practitioner, first at 61 Berners Street (1841 - 1843), and subsequently at 68 Mortimer Street, Cavendish square. Hence he had a West End practice. He held an appointment as Surgeon to the Scottish Hospital and Corporation (1845 - 1852???), and by 1845 had been twice President of the German Literary Society of London.

Paris. J. E. Marconis expelled using the name de Negre.

Giuseppe Mazzini appointed as Illuminati director worldwide. Thomas Malthus dies.

Mazzini appoints Albert Pike to head Illuminati operations in the US. (According to Trufax Chronology)...

Order of the Ancient Foresters.

Pope Leo 13th has the headquarters of the Knights of Malta moved to Rome.

1835.

New York. Grand Lodge of New York Revived, after the "Morgan tornado died down." This revival of the Grand Lodge discouraged most of the members of the Council, and in a short time the United Supreme Council for the Western Hemisphere went to sleep. A little more than four short years numbered the period of its activity.

In 1835, the Carbonaro, Malegari, wrote to another member of the Carbonari:

"We form an association of brothers in all points of the globe, we have desires and interests in common, we aim at the emancipation of humanity, we wish to break every kind of yoke, yet there is one that is unseen, that can hardly be felt, yet that weighs on us. Whence comes it? Where is it? No one knows, or at least no one tells. The association is secret, even for us, the veterans of secret societies."

In 1835, after its unsuccessful attempt to assassinate the King of France (Louis-Philippe), the remains of the Droites de l'Homme reorganized as the Société des Familles with Blanqui and Barbès as leaders.

Paris. Seminary of St. Sulpice. Alphonse Louis Constant becomes a deacon, after ten years in the Seminary.

The cabalist Oettinger claims to meet Saint-Germain in Paris. (ECO).

First availability of powerful compound microscopes after the perfection of the achromatic objective lens between 1815 and 1830.


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All Original Material (i.e., arrangement and interpretation),Copyright 1998-2001 e.v., Jonathan Sellers. All Rights Reserved.