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"In this grove the trees stand so thick together that at midday the sunlight filters through only dim rays. The trees are not so large as in many other parts of the timber belt of this State, but they are extremely graceful, rising like Greek columns to a height of 200 or 300 feet. The peculiarity of the redwood is the absence of all branches for the first 50 to 100 feet. Then the upper foliage has a feathery, delicate appearance that distinguishes the tree from the pine, hemlock, or cedar. The green of the foliage is the darkest shade known in nature, and the balsamic odor is more pronounced than that of the pine. The mases of dark foliage come out strongly against the cloudless blue of the sky and the deep red columnar trees, producing effects which few California painters have been able to faithfully reproduce, though many have attempted the task."

"Nothing can exceed the solemnity and the stillness of the redwood groves of California, unless it be the great eucalyptus forests of Australia. The song of birds is seldom heard in these dimly lit aisles, and even the smaller animals do not appear to haunt the groves."

- June 25, 1899, New York Times, 'Bohemia in California'


"...In july 1979, during one of these visits to California, George Shultz invited me to be his guest in Bohemian Grove during the traditional yearly summer encampment. This weekend gave me one of the most astounding experiences I ever had in the United States. Later I went to Bohemian Grove a second time and my impressions intensified. The landscape in which the encampment (the term used) takes place is uncommonly beautiful. The valley, a few meters wide and several kilometres long, is protected along both slopes and on the valley floor by venerable sequoias, some of them a thousand years old. Though the sky can be glimpsed through the loosely grouped treetops, the horizon is concealed. It was very quiet with a total absence of traffic noise..."

- Helmut Schmidt in his 1991 biography


"I’ve never seen a president—I don’t care who he is—stand up to them [the Israelis]. It just boggles your mind. They always get what they want. The Israelis know what is going on all the time. I got to the point where I wasn’t writing anything down. If the American people understood what a grip those people have on our government, they would rise up in arms. Our citizens don’t have any idea what goes on."

- Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, former Chief of Naval Operations and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The quote stems from 1984 and was put in the book 'One Nation Under Israel' of Andrew Hurley. Washington Report Executive Editor Richard H. Curtiss repeated this quote in his December 1999 review of the book. Moorer has visited the Bohemian Grove as a guest of David Packard. Both stayed at Silverado Squatters. Moorer, like other senior Naval officers, is convinced that the 1967 USS Liberty incident was a delibirate Israeli attack on a US vessel.

 

 

 
     
   

Bohemian Grove | Membership list | Camps list | Symbolism

The Bohemian Grove is one of the more important places in the United States where businessmen, politicians, army officers, and scientists can sit around with each other and talk about anything they're interested in. Although networking is officially not allowed, some business deals can always be made behind a couple of trees. The quote "makes it easier to pick up the phone" has been mentioned more than once. Politics can be discussed openly and whether a particular candidate is liked by the Bohemians or not can make or break his career. About 85% of the Bohemian Grove members are from California.


1970s or 1980s, dinner in the forest.

If you are interested in my thoughts on the symbolism surrounding the Cremation of Care and the Bohemian Grove you can take a look here. Nothing of that is discussed in this article.

On this page you can find a short historical timeline of the Bohemian Grove, a list of some of the relatively recent visitors of camp Mandalay, an analysis of the British visitors, and the layout and location of the Bohemian Grove itself. The membership list included with this article consists of 564 names, all of them with biographies, some more extensive than others. There's a separate list of the 104 camps that are located within the Bohemian Grove. At the bottom of this article you'll find many cached references.

All these are topics I generally missed in all the other articles about the Bohemian Grove, so I guess most of you will find this a useful expansion.

Timeline of the Bohemian Club and the Bohemian Grove.

1872 The Bohemian Club is organized in San Francisco as a gathering place for men who like the arts and literature. The clubhouse is located in the Astor Hotel on Sacramento Street and the owl is chosen as the club's symbol.
1874 The Club has 182 members.
1875 The Bohemian Club's motto, "Weaving spiders, come not here", first appears on a Club announcement. It was taken from Shakespeare's "A midsummer Night's Dream".
1877 The Club has outgrown the Astor Hotel and moves to 430 Pine Street in San Francisco.
1878 In 1878, several dozen Bohemians hold a Jinks in the forest in Sonoma County near what is now known as Camp Taylor (California Historical Society, Bohemian Club 1947). This was the start of a long Bohemian tradition of trekking to the Sonoma County redwoods during July and August of each year for camping and self entertainment.
1882 The Club's patron saint becomes John of Nepomuk. The legend says that St. John was killed in 1393 at the orders of Wenceslaus IV, King of the Bohemians & King of the Holy Roman Empire, because he didn't want to disclose the confessional secrets of Queen Johanna of Bohemia. Today, St. John symbolizes the right to privacy of the Bohemians. An interesting, but seemingly unconnected detail is that Wenceslaus IV struggled with his half-brother Sigismund I (same father) for the title of Holy Roman Emperor. King Sigismund was the one who reinstituted the ancient Dragon Court, which still exists today. The British Queen and the Lord Mayor of London are involved with it.
1885 The extremely successful Joseph D. Redding is elected president of the Bohemian Club and in 8 years he will devise [his version of?] the Cremation of Care. Redding is a very successful attorney for the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, which is owned by the Rockefeller-connected Pilgrims Society families of Harriman & Harkness. Redding is considered a musical genius. [Reference 2 on this page; more details in the article on the BG symbolism and in the membership list]
1887 The Club has 561 members, which are a combination of literary figures and San Francisco businessmen. Among them are 4 members of the Crocker banking family, 3 Spreckles, William Randolph Hearst, Bay Area shipbuilder Arthur W. Moore, columnist and writer Ambrose Bierce, writer Henry George, and 14 officers from the Army and Navy. Other Bohemian Club writers are Charles K. Field, Ina Coolbrith, Bret Harte, Daniel O'Connell, and Mark Twain.
1892 The 70 ft. high Buddha statue is built within the Sequoia Valley, now known as the Bohemian Grove. It is modeled after the Daibutsu of Kamakura, the Great Buddha from Japan. The statue used to be part of the Cremation of Care.
1893 Joseph D. Redding creates the Cremation of Care and serves as High Priest of Bohemia during this ceremony. Within a couple of years he will move his business to New York where he again becomes part of 'high society'. The Bohemian Club starts renting a piece of land in the Sequoia Valley from the Sonoma Lumber Company. They will do this until 1899 when they make their first land purchase.
1899 The Bohemian Club buys a 160 acre piece of land in the Sequoia Valley, today known as the Bohemian Grove. The Club will make twenty-eight purchases of land over a 67 year period. Today it owns 2,712 acres. The New York Times writes two articles about the Cremation of Care and how impressive it is.
1905 The Washington Post reads: "The Taft party to-day visited the Bohemian grove of redwoods...", which is the first reference I have seen to presidents visiting the Bohemian Grove.
1913 The Cremation of Care ceremony is moved to the first weekend of the encampment.
1914 The Bohemian Club has 1259 members, of which 787 resident members, 241 non-resident members, 19 Navy officers, 49 Army officers, 29 faculty members, 114 associate members, and 20 honorary members.
mid 1920's The Lake is built. It is about 100 feet wide and 400 feet long. Or for everybody outside of the United States: 30 meters wide and 124 meters long.
1929 The concrete owl is built and there are 169 camps in the Bohemian Grove.
summer 1933 The Club takes up residence at the Sir Francis Drake Hotel when the dismantling of the old clubhouse begins. The club has grown to about 2000 members. A large new Club House is opened the following year.
1941 Membership drops to 1643 due to World War II.
1981 The Lake is relined with earth and concrete. It has an artificial waterfall tumbling into it, and water lilies are kept in natural-looking patterns by water jets embedded in the lake bottom. The only natural aspect to the lake is the early morning mist rising off of it every morning.
1994 There are 124 camps in the Bohemian Grove.

Members of camp Mandalay

Many camps in the Bohemian Grove contain very prestigious visitors. You have camps like

July 23, 1950, Eisenhower, Hoover, Edward Teller, And Ernest Lawrence.
  Cave Man, Hideaway, Hill Billies, Hillside, Isle of Aves, Lost Angels, Mandalay, Midway, Owl's Nest, Sempervirens, Silverado Squatters, and Stowaway. Mandalay seems to be the camp for international relations and consists of many members officially or otherwise connected to the intelligence agencies. Mandalay is the only camp you cannot just walk into and before you are allowed on the compound someone will ask you who you have an appointment with. If you're cleared for access, you are taken up the hill with
a Bechtel-designed electric pulley. Many members of camps like Hill Billies or Stowaway (Rockefellers and Morgans) have been to Mandalay at one time or another.

Visitors of Mandalay They primarily represent
Armacost, Samuel Haydan Bank of America; Merrill Lynch; Weiss, Peck & Greer L.L.C.; Stanford Research Institute (SRI) International; CFR.
Atwater, H. Brewster, Jr. General Mills.
Bailey, Ralph E. J.P. Morgan; Morgan Guarantee Trust; Du Pont; Conoco; Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc.; Fuel Tech.
Bechtels (3) Bechtel Company; Trilateral Commission; Heritage Foundation (primary funder); directors Chase Manhattan; CFR.
Brady, Nicholas F. Dillon Read & Co.; Rockefeller University; SMOM; CFR.
Brandi, Frederic H. Dillon, Read & Co.; Father German Steel Trust; Pilgrims Society.
Brandi, James H. UBS Warburg; ThyssenKrupp.
Bush, George H.W. CIA; U.S. president; Trilateral Commission; CFR; Atlantic Council of the United States; Father was SMOM.
Casey, William J. SEC; CIA; Bechtel; Wackenhut; Export-Import Bank; Iran-Contra; CFR; Atlantic Council of the United States; SMOM; Associate of Armand Hammer.
Cooley, Richard P. Wells Fargo; Seafirst Bank; RAND; CFR.
Ducommun, Charles E. Stanford psychology and education.
Ehrlichman, John D. Top adviser to Nixon. Convicted for Watergate.
Firestone, Leonard K. Firestone empire; World Affairs Council of L.A.
Flanigan, Peter M. Assistant to Nixon; Dillon, Read, & Co.; UBS Warburg; SMOM; CFR.
Flanigan, John Relative of Peter.
Ford, Gerald United States president 1974-1977.
Ford, Henry Ford. Built everything for the the nazis and bolsheviks. antisemite.
Hawley, Phillip M. Carter Hawley Hale Stores; Trilateral Commission; Business Roundtable.
Houghton, Amory, Jr. Corning Glass Works; CFR.
Johnson, Charles B. Franklin Resources.
Kaisers (3) ICF Kaiser Consulting Group, Kaiser Foundation.
Kearns, Henry Bechtel; Export-Import Bank.
Kennedy, David M. Continental Illinois Bank; Trust Company; CFR.
Kissinger, Henry Rockefeller and Fritz Kraemer protege; Le Cercle; Pilgrims; 1001 Club; Bilderberg; CFR; Trilateral Commission; Atlantic Council of the United States; Open Russia Foundation; Forty Committee; J.P. Morgan; Kissinger Associates; Hollinger International; AIG.
Knight, Andrew S. B. UK; The Economist; Rothschild & Murdoch interests; Reuters; Ditchley; Bilderberg; RIIA; Stanford Hoover Institution.
Lewis, Drew L. Union Pacific Corp.; CFR.
Littlefield, Edmund W. General Electric; Bechtel Investment Co.; Stanford Research Institute (SRI) International.
Marting, Walter A. Hanna Mining Company.
McCone, John Alex Atomic Energy commission; Bechtel; CIA; SMOM.
McLean, John G. Continental Oil Company.
Mettler, Ruben F. TRW Inc.; Space Technology Laboratories (STL); CFR.
Morrow, Richard M. Amoco Corporation; National Acadamy of Engineering; Commercial Club; close to the Bechtels.
Neylan, John Francis Republican party leader; friend of Nixon.
Nixon, Richard M. United States president 1969-1974; Le Cercle; Pilgrims Society.
O´Reilly, David ChevronTexaco; J.P. Morgan; Business Roundtable; Business Council; Trilateral Commission; National Petroleum Council; DAVOS.
Peterson, Rudolph A. Bank of America; CFR; Bilderberg.
Powell, Colin Luther Four-Star General; Joint Chiefs of Staff; US Secretary of State; Pilgrims Society; Trilateral Commission; CFR.
Reichardt, Carl E. Wells Fargo; Ford Motor Company.
Rocard, Michel French socialist prime minister.
Sage, Andrew G. C. Lehman Brothers; Sage Capital Corporation; Robertson Ceco Corporation.
Shultz, George P. Bechtel; J.P. Morgan Chase; Washington Institute for Near East Policy; Pilgrims Society; Trilateral Commission; CFR.
Smith, William French Attorney general under Reagan.
Darrell M. Trent Rollins Environmental Services, Inc.; National Security Council; NATO; Twice a deputy campaign manager for Reagan; President’s Office of Emergency Preparedness; hosted CIA director William Casey in 1980.
Volcker, Paul A. Chase Manhattan; FED; CFR; Bilderberg; Group of Thirty; Trilateral Commission; RAND; Le Cercle; Pilgrims Society; Japan Society; Ditchley; J. Rothschild Wolfensohn & Co.; Power Corporation; Hollinger International.
Watson, Thomas J., Jr. IBM; Pilgrims Society; 1001 Club; CFR.
Weinberger, Caspar Williard Federal Trade Commission; Bechtel; Iran-Contra Affair; Forbes magazine; Ditchley; CFR.

The 51 gathered members of camp Mandalay represent the following organizations:

CFR 20
Bechtel 9
Trilateral Commission 8
Pilgrims Society 6
Knights of Malta (SMOM) 5
Morgan banking interests 4
Atlantic Council of the U.S. 3
CIA directors 3
Ditchley 3
RAND 2
SRI International (chairman) 2

Note: Available membership lists of the Pilgrims Society and the Knights of Malta are very incomplete. We have so little names of the 1001 Club I didn't bother counting these members in camp Mandalay.


Pictures taken in 2004 and-or 2005. The lake, Hillbillies camp, and the owl shrine

British visitors

British visitors always seem to be closely connected to the British Crown and the major banks in the City of London. If they stay more than one day it is quite possible that all of these British representatives spent the night in camp Mandalay. The individuals below are the only ones I have found so far. Look for longer biographies in the membership list.

Prince Philip Made an off-season visit to the Bohemian Grove in November 1962.
Queen Elizabeth According to Texe Marrs the Queen visited the Bohemian Grove in 1983. Would be interesting to confirm or disprove. Normally women aren't allowed in the Bohemian Grove.
Andrew Knight Recent visitor of camp Mandalay. Governor of the Ditchley Foundations since 1981. Editor of The Economist and expanded its offices to Brussels. Director of Rothschild Investment Trust since 1997. Important functions at News Corp. and BskyB. Director of Reuters. Governor of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs. Governing council of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Member of the Steering Committee of Bilderberg.
John Major Recent visitor who gave at least one speech at the Bohemian Grove. Prime Minister of the U.K. 1990-1997. Chairman of Carlyle Europe since 2001. Chairman of the Ditchley Foundation since 2005 and a member of the Queen's Privy Council. Le Cercle members Robert Cecil and Norman Lamont were running his election campaigns. Member of the Pilgrims Society.
Lord Christopher F. Patten Held at least one speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1998. Member of the Privy Council since 1989. As the last Governor of Hong Kong, he left the state on July 1, 1997, together with The Prince of Wales, on board of the HM Yacht Britannia.
Lord Peter Levine Former advisor to Margaret Thatcher. Became Lord Mayor of London in 1998. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1999 called 'We Reinvented Government Before You Did'. Chairman of Lloyd’s of London in 2004. Patron of the Lloyd's Yacht Club.
Sir John Keegan An English military historian specializing in 20th-century wars. Lectured for 26 years at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. Defence Correspondent. Knighted in 2000.
Sir Hubert Brand Rear-Admiral in the British navy, extra equerry to the King (1922), principal naval aide to the King (1931-1932), and a visitor of the Bohemian Grove in the early part of the 20th century (at least in 1929). One of his brothers, Lord Robert Brand, was a major player in Milner's Round Table. One of Robert's many positions was as a financial adviser to Lord Robert Cecil, chairman of the Supreme Economic Council of the Versailles Peace Talks (1919). Robert Cecil was a member of what probably is the most powerful dynastic family behind the British throne since the 1500s. The father of Robert Cecil was also a primary founder and coordinator of both the initial Rhodes secret society and the later Round Table. Other family members of Sir Hubert Brand also played a large role in the British empire.

Layout and location

Don't forget the membership list, the camps list, or the article on the symbolism of the Bohemian Grove.

References

[1] 1892, Lewis Publishing Co., 'San Francisco County Biographies'
[2] June 25, 1899, New York Times, '"Bohemia" in California'
[3] July 9, 1899, New York Times, 'An Entertainment in a Forest Grove'
[4] April 22, 1906, New York Times, 'California's Women Here are Going to Aid' (Redding in New York)
[5] August 12, 1929, Time Magazine, 'Revived Rails'
[6] November 22, 1932, New York Times, 'Joseph D. Redding, Coast Attorney, Dies'
[7] August 7, 1933, Time Magazine, 'Bohemians'
[8] August 7, 1964, Time Magazine, 'Walden West'
[9] May 13, 1971, Nixon expresses his opinion about the Bohemian Grove
[10] July 17, 1975, G. William Domhoff, 'Is There a Ruling Class?'
[11] August 5, 1985, Fortune Magazine, 'The male manager's last refuge'
[12] 1987, Kerry Richardson, 'The Bohemian Grove and The Nuclear Weapons Industry: Some Connections'
[13] November 1989, Spy Magazine, 'Masters of the Universe Go to Camp: Inside the Bohemian Grove'
[14] November/December 1991, Extra!, 'Inside Bohemian Grove: The Story People Magazine Won't Let You Read'
[15] June 11, 1993, Washington Times, David Gergen comment about running naked
[16] 1994, Peter Martin Phillips, 'A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club'
[17] July 1997, Sonoma County Free Press, 'Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia Speaks at the Grove'
[18] 1997, anonymous, 'A Summer Job at the Grove'
[19] August 2, 1999, The Sacramento Bee, Bohemian Grove update
[20] July 2000, Alex Jones, 'Cremation of Care Transcript'
[21] July 2000, Don Eichelberger, 'Bohemian Club and the Power "Crisis"'
[22] 2000, Alex Jones, 'Occult Activities at the Elite Bohemian Grove in Northern California Exposed!'
[23] June 8, 2001, Peter Phillips, 'San Francisco Bohemian Club: Power, Prestige and Globalism'
[24] June 19, 2001, Counterpunch, 'Meet the Secret Rulers of the World'
[25] January 22, 2002, The Press Democrat, 'In jailhouse interview, suspect says he sneaked into exclusive Monte Rio club prepared to kill'
[26] June 18, 2003, SF Weekly, 'The World According to Bechtel'
[27] July 23, 2003, SF Gate, 'Hallinan panned for giving alleged Fajitagate victim a break Some say D.A. tries to help credibility of his star witness'
[28] July 2003, Sonoma County Free Press, 'Bohemian Grove'
[29] September 10, 2003, Mike Davis, 'Cry California'
[30] July 2004, San Francisco Chronicle, 'Bohemian Grove Gathers Again'
[31] July 22, 2004, New York Post, 'Gay Porn Star Services Bohemian Grove Members'
[31] July 24, 2004, Indymedia, 'The Grateful Dead Play At Bohemian Grove!'
[32] July 30, 2005, San Francisco Examiner, 'Bohemian Grove endorses Roberts; 10 yrs in Iraq'
[33] 2005, G. William Domhoff, 'Social Cohesion & the Bohemian Grove'
[34] September 6, 2005, Coast to Coast AM, Jon Ronson talks about the fanaticism during the Cremation of Care. Alex Jones and Ronson also talk about their tapes that got erased.

Author: Joël van der Reijden
Written: September 7, 2005
Last update: January 28, 2005
Version: 1.2