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Project: Kashagan

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Field/Project Ownership
  Project Name: Kashagan operator logo
  Operator: ENI
  Ownership: ENI 18.52%,
ExxonMobil 18.52%,
Total 18.52%,
Shell 18.52%,
ConoccoPhillips 9.26%,
KazMunaiGaz 8.33%,
Inpex 8.33%
  Region: Asia - Caspian map
  Country: Kazakhstan
  Water Depth: 3 meters
10 feet
Reserves convert these values
  Total Oil Reserves: --   Total Gas Reserves: --
  Rec. Oil Reserves: 750,000 mmboe   Rec. Gas Reserves: --
  Daily Oil Prod. Cap.: 75,000 bopd   Daily Gas Prod. Cap.: --
Discovery & Development Production
  Discovery Date: July 2000    Production Start Date: January 2009
  Discovery Rig:     Est. Field Life: Unknown
  Govt Approval Date: Unknown    Duty: Oil/Gas
  Development Cost: $29,000,000,000 USD    Host Type: Fixed Platform

  Field Description - Kashagan
The Kashagan field covers an area of 47 miles by 22 miles and is located in the North Caspian Sea approximately 50 miles offshore from Atyrau. The field is operated by ENI at 18.52 % and partnered by ExxonMobil(18.52%), Shell (18.52%), Total (18.52%), ConocoPhillips(9.26%), KasMunaiGaz(8.33%) and Inpex(8.33%).

One of the largest discoveries of the decade and possibly one of the most challenging, the project faced not only the technical difficulties of extracting the oil in the harsh climate but also the political and geopolitical altercations associated with the region. Because of these hurdles, the original production date which was predicted to be 2005 was postponed to 2008 or possibly 2009.


Kashagan East 1, the first well discovered on the Kashagan field in 2000 was the Kashagan East 1 well which was drilled in 3 meters of waters to a depth of 5200 meters. During the tests the well flowed at a rate of 600 cubic meters of oil per day and 200,000 cubic meters of gas per day on a 32/64” choke.

Kashagan West 1 was the second discovery well. Discovered in 2001, the tests showed that the well flowed at a rate of 3,400 barrels of oil per day, while the oil gravity measured between 42 and 45 API degrees.

Kashagan East 2 was discovered in late 2001, Kashagan East 2 was drilled to a depth of 4142 meters and flowed at a rate of 7,400 barrels of oil per day.


The rig was adapted at the Astrakhan yard, and measures 165 feet by 270 feet, weighs 6000 tons and can hold a maximum of 100 people.

Owned by Parker Drilling the rig has been extensively modified not only to function in the extreme climate but also to keep up with the strict environmental codes since the field lies in a nature preserve. Sunkar also carries three “Arktos”, which are special escape vehicles capable of propelling through water, ice and can move over land as well. Each of these Arktos can carry up to 50 people each.

To protect the rig from drifting ice, the Sunkar has two 102” high steel tanks. 24 piles, each weighing 70 tons, which break up the drifting ice before it reaches the steel tanks.


The final development plan adopted on 25th February 2004 changed the VAT on the consortium for imported services and goods from 16% to 0%. This plan also administered a fine of $50 million annually for every year that production was delayed after 2005. The requirement to immediately create a gas processing plant was also dropped according to this newly adopted plan.

Due to the magnitude of the Kashagan field the project will be developed in three phases:

  • Phase I - Experimental Program to gather data to optimize the next two phases.

  • Phase II - Rapid production

  • Phase III- Production stabilization

  • As production progresses through the phases, it will start off with 75,000 bopd and finally reach a peak production plateau of 1.2 million bopd sometime between 2015 and 2020.
    Kashagan Field Map
    Kashagan development chart
    Kashagan field location
    Drilling rig 'Sunkar'
    Kashagan drilling rig

      Related News Articles
    Kazakhstan Purchases 50% of BG's Stake in Kashagan
    Thursday, March 31, 2005 - KazMunaiGaz and Agip KCO inked the agreement on the KazMunaiGaz purchase of 50% of BG's share in the North Caspian Project.
    Saipem Wins New Drilling Contracts Worth US $285 Million
    Wednesday, January 19, 2005 - Saipem has been awarded new contracts for the charter of onshore and offshore drilling rigs, for a total value in excess of US $285 million.
    Saipem Wins Kashagan Installation Contract
    Tuesday, January 18, 2005 - Saipem has been awarded the contract for the installation of the offshore facilities system relating to the experimental phase of the Kashagan field development program.
    GE Supplies Gas Injection Technology for Caspian Sea Project
    Tuesday, December 28, 2004 - Agip KCO has awarded GE Energy a contract to supply an ultra high-pressure, sour gas injection system for the Kashagan oil field in the North Caspian Sea.
    Aker Kvaerner Seals Deal for Caspian Barge Contract
    Friday, November 05, 2004 - Agip KCO and Aker Kvaerner have signed the contract for fabrication, outfitting and testing of seven barges for oil production in the giant Kashagan oilfield in the north Caspian Sea, offshore Kazakhstan.
    National Oilwell to Build Kazakhstan Drilling Facility
    Thursday, July 29, 2004 - National-Oilwell has been awarded a letter of intent regarding the design and construction project for a complete drilling facility for Agip Kazakhstan North Caspian Operating Company's (Agip KCO) "D" Island Project in the Kashagan field in Kazakhstan.
    China Energy Ventures Acquires 2 Kazakhstan Licenses
    Monday, May 17, 2004 - China Energy Ventures' subsidiary, Big Sky Energy Atyrau Ltd. has acquired 100% of the shares of Vector Energy West, which owns 2 adjacent oil and gas licenses on the north shore of the Caspian Sea, near the city of Atyrau, Kazakhstan.
    ENI Approves Development Plan for Kashagan Field
    Wednesday, February 25, 2004 - Eni announces that the Development Plan of Kashagan, the giant field in the Kazakh offshore of the Caspian Sea, was approved today in Astana.
    Total Sees First Kashagan Oil in Spring 2008, Not '07
    Thursday, February 19, 2004 - Total said that the first oil from the giant Kashagan oil field in Kazakhstan will likely flow in the spring of 2008 rather than in 2007 as expected.
    Agip-led Consortium to Pay Taxes on Kashagan Field
    Friday, May 16, 2003 - The State Tax Committee in Kazakhstan has revoked an important tax exemption for the Agip-led consortium that is developing the Kashagan field located in the Caspian Sea.

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