ANZUS 50 - U.S. Embassy Canberra
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50th Anniversary of the ANZUS Treaty
Home | ANZUS | Timeline | 1955 - 1976

1955 - 1976

1955 -

March 25 - Prime Minister Menzies returns from talks in Washington with President Eisenhower concerning defence and Australia's role in Southeast Asia.

1956 -

January 15 - SEATO military advisers convene at Melbourne for their third session. One week later ANZUS military advisers also hold meetings in that city.

November 1 - Prime Minister Menzies officially backs Anglo-French military action against Egypt in Suez crisis, but urges British and American leaders to reconcile their differences as soon as possible.

1957 -

April 4 - Prime Minister Menzies issues comprehensive statement on defence stressing regional arrangements such as ANZUS and SEATO are the most effective means of assuring national security.

June 10 - Following talks in Washington, Australia's Minister for Defence announces U.S. mission will visit to study capacity of Australian industry to manufacture military equipment similar to that used by American forces.

July 13 - Australia and U.S. conclude agreement concerning atomic information for mutual defence purposes.

1958 -

February 28 - Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand confer in Sydney. (A similar meeting is held on April 1).

May 7 - Australia and U.S. announce plans to continue joint Antarctic operations begun during the International Geophysical Year at Wilkes Station.

1960 -

February 26 - Australia and America agree to continue cooperative space tracking activities begun at several sites in Australia during International Geophysical year. United States to supply equipment and allow Australia to use stations for other purposes which do not interfere with primary function.

August 23 - Australia and U.S. announce cooperative technical program designed to accelerate development by Australia of new, non-nuclear military arms and equipment.

1961 -

February 24 - Prime Minister Menzies confers with President Kennedy in Washington.

June 29 - Australia and U.S. announce joint guided missile research project to be carried out at Woomera, South Australia.

1962 -

May 8 - Dean Rusk, U.S. Secretary of State, arrives in Canberra for two day session of ANZUS Council.

May 16 - New Zealand Prime Minister endorses dispatch of 4 000 U.S. troops to Thailand and sends token force of thirty paratroopers and three aircraft.

1963 -

June 5 - ANZUS council meets in Wellington.

October 24 - Australia agrees to purchase twenty-four American F-111 aircraft for the RAAF.

1964 -

January 3 - Australia concludes agreement with U.S. concerning meteorological research at Pearce RAAF base Western Australia.

January 10 - Australia's second guided missile destroyer, HMAS Hobart is launched at Bay City, Michigan, USA.

1965 -

February 3 - Australian government says troops to be sent to Borneo in support of British and Malaysian units there.

April 20 - Henry Cabot Lodge, President Johnson's special envoy arrives in Canberra for talks concerning Southeast Asia.

April 29 - Sir Robert Menzies announced in the House of Representatives the Australian Government's decision to provide an infantry battalion for combat service in the Republic of Vietnam.

May 26 - First Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, departs for active duty.

May 28 - New Zealand Parliament votes 39-33 to send field battery to South Vietnam.

October 26 - Australia pledges technical assistance to South Pacific areas similar to Colombo Plan aid give to Southeast Asia.

1966 -

March 1 - Prime Minister Holt says Australia will increase forces in South Vietnam from 1 500 to 4 500.

October 17 - President Johnson departs on seventeen-day visit, which includes stops in Australia, New Zealand, Philippines and Southeast Asia.

1967 -

February 7 - ANZUS powers begin combined air exercises in New Zealand.

July 19 - Prime Minister Holt, expressing concern over British withdrawal from area, says timing should depend upon progress towards stability in Southeast Asia.

October 4 - First group of Australian and American servicemen arrive from South Vietnam for 'Rest and Recuperation' leave in Australia.

October 17 - Australia increases military aid to South Vietnam by providing additional armed forces including third battalion group and tank sqadron; troop commitment to total 8 000 men by 1968.

1968 -

April 2 - SEATO ministers meet at Wellington and three days later ANZUS Council also convenes there.

May 1 - Australia sends envoy to Vietnam peace talks in Paris.

May 23 - Prime Minister Gorton leaves for ten-day visit to America.

June 10 - Prime Minister Gorton begins twelve-day visit to South Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.

1969 -

April 22 - The 100 000th 'R & R' serviceman stationed in South Vietnam arrives for leave in Australia.

May 7 - Prime Minister Gorton departs for discussions with President Nixon in Washington.

August 8 - U.S. Secretary of State attends ANZUS sessions at Canberra, confers with Prime Ministers Gorton and Holyoake, and also visits New Zealand.

November 20 - Addressing Australian-American Association members in Sydney Hedley Bull, Professor of International Relations, Australian National University, says Australia must recognize changes occurring in U.S. foreign policy and assess factors determining that policy. He cautions closer ties with Japan (economic giant as perhaps soon military power as well) could strengthen the voices of both Canberra and Tokyo in Washington.

December 4 - Following successful campaign for re-election, Prime Minister Holyoake of New Zealand predicts New Zealand and Australian troops will be withdrawn from Vietnam within one year.

1970 -

January 13 - Spiro Agnew, U.S. Vice President, arrives in Canberra for talks with Australian leaders following an extensive tour of Southeast Asia. In a brief airport speech Agnew Stresses America will remain in the Pacific.

May 8 - Thousands of Australians participate in 'moratorium' rallies protesting involvement in Vietnam. This outcry is increased, both in Australia and America, by movement of U.S. and South Vietnamese troops into Cambodia late in April.

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