Hege Library
GUIDES TO RESEARCHING TOPICS
Using Hinshaw's Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy

William Wade Hinshaw's Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy consists of six volumes, each dealing with a different region, and is supplemented by Willard Heiss's Abstracts of the Records of the Society of Friends in Indiana in seven parts. Volume 1 of Hinshaw is the abstract of the early records of North and South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. Researchers should always consult this volume before using the meeting records on microfilm. The volume is available at many libraries, including Greensboro Public Library and High Point Public Library, in their genealogy or local history collection. A copy for use when the research room is closed is available at the first study carrel on the back wall in the Quaker open stacks (Room 117, adjacent to the Research Room). The book is also available for purchase from the Genealogical Publishing Company (1-800-296-6687 or www.genealogybookshop.com ).

The volume is arranged by meeting (church), beginning with the oldest and ending with the youngest. Each meeting is introduced with a brief history that includes the names of the earliest members. Next is a section listing information from the meeting's birth and death records, arranged alphabetically by family name. Following that is an abstract of the minutes of the meeting, including marriages, new memberships, transfers of membership, disownments, and restorations to membership. Again the entries are arranged alphabetically by family, and the chronologically.

Most researchers begin by looking up a family name in the index, which begins on page 1165. There is also a supplement in the back of the book, after the general index. It has it's own index. After each family name is a series of page numbers. These are the pages on which members of this family are mentioned. Page numbers in parentheses () are entries in which the family member appears under another family's name, as when a woman is mentioned in reference to her husband's family name.

THE TRICKIEST PART OF USING HINSHAW is understanding the abbreviations. They are listed on page xv near the front of the volume, but the distinctive Quaker terminology may still be confusing. For this reason, a fuller explanation is provided below.
 
b. born

bur. buried.

cert. Certificate: a statement issued by a monthly meeting to a person (or persons) transferring their membership to another monthly meeting. Also a marriage certificate.

ch child, children.

co chosen overseer(s): selected for an important office of responsibility in the meeting.

com complained, complained of: a person could be complained of for an act that was contrary to the rules and advices as outlined in the Discipline. Unless the member could satisfy the monthly meeting of his or her innocence or repentance, the next step was usually disownment.

con condemned: an act of confession and repentance by a member who had been "complained of" ("reported") or even "disowned" for a violation of the Discipline. When a person "condemned" his or her own misconduct, the monthly meeting might then restore him or her to membership.

d died.

dec deceased.

dis disowned, disowned for: removed from membership for violation of the rules or advices in the Discipline; does not imply exclusion from worship, but only the right to participate in decision making. Unless the person later repented and "condemned" his or her own misconduct and was later readmitted into membership, he or she would not be mentioned again in the minutes.

dt daughter, daughters.

fam family.

form formerly.

gc granted certificate: permitted to move one's membership.

gct granted certificate to: permitted to move one's membership to a particular meeting.

gl granted letter: permitted to move one's membership to a church of another denomination.

h husband.
jas joined another (religious) society (denomination).

ltm liberated to marry, left at liberty to marry: permitted to marry.

m marry, married, marrying, marriage.

mbr member.

mbrp membership.

mcd married contrary to disciple: married another Friend, but in a civil ceremony (usually resulting in disownment); sometimes used interchangeably with "married out of society" or "married out of unity".

MH meetinghouse: the church building.

MM monthly meeting: the lowest administrative unit of Friends, originally comprising of several particular or "preparative" meetings (congregations) that met together monthly to transact church business.

mos married out of society: married a non-Friend, usually resulting in disownment; sometimes used interchangeably with "married contrary to discipline" or "married out of unity".

mou married out of unity: married to a non-Friend, usually resulting in disownment; sometimes used interchangeably with "married contrary to discipline" or "married out of unity."

mtg meeting: may refer to a Friends religious service ("meeting for worship"), and administrative meeting ("meeting for business," "monthly meeting," etc.), or the congregation itself.

prc produced a certificate: transferred membership.

prcf produced a certificate from: transferred membership from one meeting to another.

QM quarterly meeting: the second administrative level of Friends, comprising of several "monthly" meetings that met together quarterly to transact church business.

rec receive, received (into membership).

recrq received (into membership) by request, rather than by transfer of membership from another Friends Meeting.

relfc released from care for: no longer under consideration for a disciplinary offense; acquitted.

relrq released by request: withdrew from membership in the Society of Friends, unless reinstated, this person would not be mentioned again in the minutes.

rem remove, removed: move or moved to another location and/or meeting.

rm reported married: the marriage certificate was not included in the minutes, but the fact that the wedding took place and the name of the marriage partner were noted.

roc received on certificate: membership transferred from another Friends meeting.

rol received on letter: membership transferred from a church of another denomination.

rolf received on letter from: membership transferred from a particular church of another denomination.

rpd reported: complained, complained of for an act contrary to the rules and advices as outlined in the Discipline. Unless the member could satisfy the monthly meeting of his or her innocence or repentance, the next step was usually disownment.

rq request, requests, requested.

rqc requested certificate: requested a transfer of membership.

rqct requested certificate to: requested a transfer of membership to a particular Friends meeting.

rqcuc requested to come under care (of a meeting): requested to be considered for membership.

rst reinstate, reinstated.

s son, sons.

uc under care (of a meeting) for membership.

w wife.

YM Yearly Meeting: the highest administrative level of Friends, comprising of several quarterly meetings that met together annually to conduct business.

© Friends Historical Collection
E-mail: hegefhc@guilford.edu
Phone: (336) 316-2264