SABINE,18. (Formally French REQUIN. Taken by Capt ROSENHAGEN of V0LAGE,22, in the Mediterranean on 28 July 1808. 338bm Sold 1818)
1810 Joseph BATT, 5/10. 1811 George PRICE, 10/10, Cadiz.
When General Graham agreed to assist the Spaniards in making a landing behind the French lines around Cadiz in February 1811, SABINE was included in the squadron (ST.ALBANS, DRUID, COMUS, SABINE, TUSCAN, EPHIRA, STEADY and REBUFF) under Capt. BRACE in ST. ALBANS. 3000 British troops were embarked in the naval vessels together with 7000 Spaniards under General La Pena, who was to be commander in chief, in a numerous fleet of Spanish transports. The intention was to land between Cape Trafalgar and Tariffa.
0n 21 February the British naval part put to sea and, finding it impracticable to make a landing in the original area, proceeded to Algiciras where the troops were landed and marched to Tariffa. Because of the impassable roads the artillery and stores were taken to Tariffa in the ship's boats. The Spanish part of the expedition did not reach Tariffa until the 27th.
0n 5 March La Pena marched the Spanish force across the front of Victor's army, which consisted of 9000 men in three divisions with fourteen guns, and disappeared over the horizon. Graham found himself deserted by his allies and suddenly assailed by a French army double his own in numbers and occupying the Barossa heights. He attacked at once and in an hour and a half killed and wounded 2300 of the enemy, slew two generals and captured six guns, an eagle and 500 prisoners. The British losses were heavy - 1200 or one man in every four. After the fighting was over La Pena returned and claimed the victory. When the Spaniards refused to supply the British with food or help to bury the dead, Graham marched off the field and refused further cooperation.
At the end of May 1811 SABINE was cruising off the mouth of the Gualdalquivir and Capt. PRICE made plans to attack the five French privateers lying in the roadstead at Chipiona which had been preying on commerce along the coast. 0n the night of the 26th he brought the brig in as close as possible and launched his boats under the command of Lieut. USHERWOOD, with Lieut. FINNUCANE and Mr SETTLE, the master. The three boats each took a privateer, although they were moored under a battery and protected by their crews and soldiers, with only one casualty, marine private John SHURRY, who received a musket ball in the arm.
The privateers were: GUARDIA DE VIA, CANARI and MADINA, each armed with two 4-pounders and carrying 25 men. The crews had been marched all the way from Antwerp to serve on them. The prizes were sent in to Cadiz. The following day, in company with PAPILL0N, SABINE encountered another of the privateers and a prize between Rota and Chipiona. In spite of heavy fire the French vessel refused to surrender until PAPILL0N had run her down. All her crew were saved. Among the prisoners taken in these vessels were 12 British deserters.
1812 Edward WROTTESLEY, Mediterranean, where he had been serving with the gunboat flotilla at Cadiz. 1814 ditto, convoy to W.Indies. Cdr. WROTTESLEY died in Newfoundland on 28 July 1814. 1815 William HALL,7/14, Spithead for Africa. 1817 Alexander CAMPBELL, Jamaica.
SABRINA,20. (1806 Chapel. Sold 1816) 1807 E. KITTOE, to the Mediterranean on 14 January. 1808 ditto, to South America. 1811 James TILLARD, 2/10, Lisbon. 0n the 16 June 1811 SABRINA, being on a cruise off the Azores, saw two columns of smoke rising from the sea to the north of the island of St. Michael (Sao Miguel). Thinking that it might be an action they made all sail towards it but were prevented by the wind dying away, however they soon realized that it must be a volcano. 0n the 18th they approached as close as safety permitted and could see the mouth of the crater just appearing above the surface of the sea with large stones, cinders and ash being thrown into the air. This in an area where the depth of water had been 40 fathoms. They christened it Sabrina Island. Three hours later the crater was 30 feet above the surface and the following day it was 50 feet high and two-thirds of a mile in length. Water spouts, drawn up by the hot smoke, produced rainstorms which covered SABRINA's decks in a fine black sand although she was three or four miles away.
They did not return to the new island until the 4 July when they found that it was possible to land and, with difficulty, they climbed to the top of a 200 foot peak, planted the Union flag and took possession in the name of his Britannic Majesty. Because of the hot ash they were glad to leave. The island was now two to three miles in circumference with a pool of boiling water from which a stream ran into the sea.
The new island was a hazard to navigation and several vessels reported close encounters. By December the island had submerged leaving a shoal some mile and half from the shore. Its latitude was given as 37deg. 52' 30" north.
SABRINA returned to England calling first at Torbay then leaving for Portsmouth on the 28 September.
1812 A.R.M'KENZIE, Lisbon. 1814-15 ditto, North of Spain. 1816 Portsmouth.
SAFEGUARD. GV. No. 43 (1797 Leith. Sold 1802) Lieut. Dan. SHIELDS.
SAFEGUARD,14. Gunbrig. (1804 Topsham. Taken 1811) 1805 Lieut. Robert BALF0UR, Guernsey. 1807 ditto, Plymouth - North Sea. Part of the inshore squadron protecting British forces attacking Copenhgen in August 1807. 1808 Lieut. William FIELD, North Sea. 1811 Lieut. Thomas ENGLAND, Baltic. She was taken by the Danes on 29 June 1811.
SAGESSE,28. (Taken by THESEUS,74, at Port Dauphin, San Domingo, on 8 September 1803. Sold 1821) 1805 Portsmouth.
SAINT CHRISTOPHER,18. (A French privateer sloop bought by the inhabitants of St. Kitt's in 1807) 1807 A. HODGE, St. Kitt's. At daylight on the morning of the 2 January 1807 he fell in with three privateers to leeward. He immediately gave chase but as they separated he was only able to capture one of them, the French ENTREPRENANTE sloop of one small gun and seventeen men. The others escaped into Great Bay, St. Martin's.
SAINT GEORGE,98. (1785 Portsmouth. Wrecked 1811) 1799 Capt. S. EDWARDS, Torbay. ST GEORGE sailed from Plymouth on 15 April 1800 to join Lord BRIDPORT's fleet at Torbay. 0n 6 December 1800 two seamen from ST. GEORGE, John HUBBARD and George HYNES, were sentenced by a court martial to death by hanging for homosexual offences.
At the end of December 1801 ST. GEORGE, Capt. THOMPS0N (act.), being victualled and stored for five months, sailed with VANGUARD, POWERFUL and SPENCER, for the West Indies. 0n 16 July, under Capt. L0BB, she entered Plymouth Sound and went up the harbour to be stripped and paid off on the 20th. 1803 Plymouth. 1805 Capt. Hon. M. DE COURCY, Halifax. 1807 Capt. Thomas BERTIE, Channel fleet. 1808 Capt. J. HILLYAR flying the flag of Rear Ad. HARVEY, off Ushant. 1809 Capt. Joseph JAMES, 8/09, Following his gallant defence of the sloop KITE Capt. JAMES was promoted into the ST. GE0RGE in the Gulf of Finland where she received the flag of Rear Ad. PICKMORE.
ST GE0RGE refitted at Plymouth in January 1810 and received the flag of Rear Ad. R.C. REYNOLDS before returning to the Baltic. Capt. JAMES was superseded by Capt. Daniel 0liver GUION in May 1810.
She was part of the escort for a large convoy which left Hano on 9 November. During the night of 15/16 November 1811, when the convoy was anchored off Laaland, ST. GE0RGE dragged her anchors and ran ashore and a number of the merchantmen were lost. ST. GEORGE was refloated the next morning, minus masts and rudder, and reached Wingo (Vinga) near Gottenburg under a jury rig on 2 December.
0n 16 December eight ships of the line:- VICT0RY, ST. GEORGE, DREADNOUGHT, VIGO, CRESSY, ORION, HERO and DEFENCE, sailed from Wigo with about 150 merchant ships and some smaller men of war. As it was blowing a gale Ad. SAUMAREZ ordered DEFENCE and CRESSY to keep close to the ST. GEORGE and HERO to return to Wingo with part of the merchant ships. ST GEORGE lost her rudder and although CRESSY supplied her with a temporary one made of cable, she could not easily be brought into stays as she came out into the North Sea. 0n the morning of the 24th ST. GEORGE and DEFENCE were stranded on the coast of Ringkoobing in Jutland. During the following afternoon part of ST. GEORGE's cabin and stern frame was seen from the shore. A number of people standing on it attempted to come ashore on a piece of mast but were washed off by the high waves driven by the N.N.W. wind. 0thers perished when they tried to save themselves on a raft. 0nly 12 men were saved out of the crew of 850. The officers lost were:- Ad. REYNOLDS, Capt. GUION, Lieuts. NAPIER, PLACE, THOMPSON, BRANNEL, DANCE, TRISTRAM, RICHES and ROGERS; Mr TIPPET, flag lieut.; J. BELT, master; Mr HEYNES, surgeon; William LAKE, chaplain; Mr SAUNDERS, purser.
The first division, with VICTORY, DREADNOUGHT, VIGO and ORION reached England in safety.
SALAMINE,18. (Taken from the French in the Mediterranean by a squadron under Capt. John MARKHAM on 18 June 1799. Sold 1802) 1799 Thomas BRIGGS, to July 1801. Mediterranean.
SALDANHA,40. (The Dutch CASTOR captured by Ad. ELPHINSTONE in Saldanha Bay on 17 August 1796. Sold 1806) Capt. G. BURLTON, 1/97. Receiving ship at Plymouth in 1798. She went into dock at Plymouth on 14 November 1801 for repair and was not recommissioned.
SALDANHA,36. (1809 South Shields. Wrecked 1811) 1810 Capt. John STUART, Irish station. 1811 Capt. William PACKENHAM. 0n Saturday 30 November 1811 SALDANHA and the sloop TALBOT sailed from Lough Swilly on a cruise to the westward. Early on Wednesday a gale sprang up which increased to a storm by the evening, the wind from the N.W. blowing on to the coast. By Friday pieces of wreck marked with the name SALDANHA were found along the shore and later more than two hundred bodies were washed in, among them being that of Capt. PACKENHAM who was wearing nothing but his shirt and nightcap. He was buried on 7 December. Although TALBOT was also reported to be wrecked she succeeded in riding out the storm.
SALISBURY,58. (1814 Deptford. Sold 1837) 1816 Capt. John M'KELLAR, flagship of Rear Ad. E. D0UGLAS at Jamaica. 1818 Capt. John WILSON, 8/18, fitting out at Portsmouth for the flag of Rear Ad. Donald CAMPBELL on the Leeward Is. station. When Ad. Campbell died in November 1819 he was replaced by Rear Ad. FAHIE. SALISBURY returned to Portsmouth on 10 September 1821
1821 Capt. W. MAUDE, 9/21, Halifax. Flagship of Rear Ad. FAHIE. 1825- Portsmouth.
SALLY,14. (Hired lugger) 1800 North Sea.
SALLY,6. (Hired armed Ship) 1806 E. CHETHAM. From a report in June 1807:- The captain, perceiving that the French had got possession of a fort behind a narrow neck of land at the mouth of the Vistula, where they appeared in considerable numbers, disguised the SALLY as a merchant ship, and stood into the river, but unfortunately got aground; she, however, was soon got off again, but not before the Frenchmen discovered her to be a ship of force, and had time to prepare for her reception. She sailed boldly up to the fort and opened such a volley ofgrape from her carronades, assisted by musketry, that she soon swept the fort, and killed from three to four hundred Frenchmen. 0ur loss in this daring enterprise did not exceed fourteen or fifteen men.
SALORMAN,12. (A cutter taken off Nyborg by the boats of Sir R. KEAT's squadron on 11 August 1808. Lost 1809) 1808 Lieut. A. DUNCAN, Baltic. She was lost in the Baltic during January 1809. The crew were saved.
SALSETTE,38. (Sometimes spelt SALCETTE) (1805 Built of teak at Bombay as PITT. 0ut of list 1851) 1807 Capt. G.N. HARDINGE, East Indies. Returned home early in 1808. 1808 Capt. W. BATHURST, Baltic. 0n 30 April 1808, after a chase of five hours from under Moen island, she captured the Danish privateer KRATBESMINDE,8, which had left Copenhagen five days previously but had made no captures. She was commanded by Christian Oxholm with a crew of 31 men.
0n 23 June Capt. BATHURST chased a Russian sloop-of-war to Revel and captured a galliot partly laden with spirits at anchor in the roads. As he was bringing out his prize he saw a cutter off the north end of Norgen island. He made all sail in chase but, in the evening when the wind dropped, the cutter killed one of SALSETTE's marines in an exchange of fire then used her sweeps to pull away. A sudden squall brought the ship up with her and she surrendered when exposed to the full fire of the frigate's guns. The cutter was the Russian APITH commanded by Lieut. Novelski. She mounted fourteen 12-pounders and was manned by 61 men, four of whom were killed. Vice Ad. SAUMAREZ ordered the cutter to be purchased for his majesty's service and manned her with men lately exchanged from Copenhagen.
0n 29 July 1809 SALSETTE escorted the division of Lieut. Gen. Sir John Hope across the Channel to take part in the expedition against Walcheren. In the Stone Deeps Rear Ad. Sir Richard KEATS shifted his flag to SALSETTE and the divion proceeded to the Roompot , being led through the narrow channel by Sir Home P0PHAM in SABRINA, and anchored, first between the islands of Schowen and North Bevelan and then in the Veere Gat.
1810 Capt. Henry HOPE, Malta. 0n 3 May 1810, while SALSETTE was at anchor in the Dardanelles, Lieutenant EKENHEAD accompanied Lord Byron in his swim across the Hellespont from Abydos to Sestos. Although the distance between the two points is barely one mile the strong current forced them to swim about four miles, the crossing taking over an hour.
Capt. HOPE captured and later destroyed the French privateer COMETE of two 18-pounders and 45 men on 21 April 1812 in the Mediteranean and captured another off the west end of the Isle of Wight on 13 0ctober. This was the lugger MERCURE of 16 guns and 70 men. (Capt. HOPE took command of ENDYMI0N on 13 May 1813)
1812 Capt. John BOWEN, 12/12. In 1813 SALSETTE escorted a large fleet of Indiamen as far as Madras. Since there were no warlike operations in the area SALSETTE had an uneventful commission before returning to Portsmouth in the summer of 1816 to pay off.
Receiving ship at Woolwich until 1851.
SAMARANG (The SCIPIO captured from the Dutch by PSYCHE,32, Lieut. F.B.W. PELLEW (act. captain) off Java on 1.9.07. Sold 1814) 1807 Richard BUCK, East Indies. She sailed with Vice-Ad. Sir Edward PELLEW's squadron (CULLODEN, O0WERFUL, CAROLINE, FOX, VICTOIRE, SAMARANG, SEAFLOWER, JASEUR and the transport WORCESTER) from Malacca on 20 November 1807 and they arrived off Point Panka (Pangkah) on the north-eastern coast of Java on 5 December. The Admiral and Lieut. Colonel Lockart, commanding the troops, sent a flag of truce ashore to negotiate the surrender of Dutch warships. They found that the Dutch had already scuttled two 70-gun ships, a 68-gun sheer hulk and a E.I. company ship. The British forces burnt them and destroyed the guns and stores of the garrison and a battery on the island of Madura.
1808 Richard SPENCER was appointed to SAMARANG on 8 April 1808, the date he was promoted commander, but did not join her until 23 November. (Lieut. SPENCER had been badly wounded in the spring of 1807 At the capture of the schooner CRAFTY, late RENARD, by the Spanish). East Indies. 0n 16 February 1810 DOVER, Capt. Edward TUCKER, CORNWALLIS and SAMARANG, operating off Java, attacked Amboyna. Numerous batteries had been erected around the anchorage since the island was restored to the Dutch at the Peace of Amiens and covered Fort Victoria and the anchorage.
Marines and seamen from DOVER accompanied by troops from the Madras European regiment, since all three ships were deficient in marines, under Major Henry Court, were landed to attack batteries on the heights commanding Portuguese Bay at the same time as the ships opened fire. The force of 401 officers and men included 35 from SAMARANG They deceived the Dutch by standing out across the bay as though intending to work out to sea but actually they were drifting towards a selected spot on the beach before slipping all the boats which had been concealed on the opposite side of the vessels. After two hours bombardment the landing force had occupied the heights and captured some of the batteries so the vessels were ordered to anchor.
During the night 40 men were landed from SAMARANG with two field pieces from DOVER under the direction of Capt. SPENCER and they managed to get them up the heights to cover Fort Victoria. The following day, faced with the strength of the British positions, the Dutch commanadant accepted the surrender terms he was offered and at 9 o'clock on the 19th the original landing force marched into Fort Victoria. No less than 215 pieces of were found mounted in the fort and the batteries which had a garrison of 130 europeans and more than 1000 Javanese. A Dutch 12-gun national brig, MANDURESE, later raised by the British, and two cutter were sunk in the inner harbour. Their crews, which included many Europeans, numbered 220 men.
The squadron captured one ship, six brigs and four sloops, all armed and laden with supplies for the various islands during March and April as well as accepting the surrender of the islands of Saparoua, Harouka and Nasso-Laut.
Capt. SPENCER made a successful attack on the island of Pulo Ay from which he removed the garrison and ordnance. He also captured the Dutch brig RECRUTEUR of 12 guns and 50 men. She was commanded by Capt. D. Hegenoard. The Dutch governor, distressed at being forced to surrender to such a small force later committed suicide.
0n SAMARANG's return to Madras Capt. SPENCER was appointed to command the BLANCHE frigate. When he left the sloop on 18 August 1810 he carried with him a letter from her ship's company which had been penned by one of his boatswain's mates. It testified to their esteem for his "Fatherly Conduct and Universal attention to everything Conducive to their health and Comfort during the time they had the honour of being under his command." Being at a loss how to go about it they also sought his advice on how to present him with a sword valued at 100 guineas for which the whole ship had subscribed.
At the beginning of January 1811 SAMARANG was at Madras being used as a flagship by Vice- Ad. W. 0'B DRURY while his ship, CAR0LINE, was occupied in the attack on Banda Neira.
1812 Joseph DRURY, 2/12, East Indies. During most of 1813 SAMARANG was at Sydney where Capt. DRURY took advantage of the fact that the Governor, Col. Macquarie, was an army officer with no authority over him, and impressed a number of convicts. 1814 William CASE, promoted out of MINDEN,74, in August 1812, East Indies.
SANDFLY. Gunbrig. (1795 Rotherhithe. Sold 1803) 1799 Lieut. R. BOURNE, Isles St. Marou.
SAN DAMASO,74. (Captured by Ad. HARVEY at Shaggaramus Bay, West Indies, on 17 February 1797) Used as a prison ship at Portsmouth.
SAN DOMINGO,74. (1809 Woolwich. Sold 1816) 1811 Capt. Charles GILL, Downs. Flagship of Vice Ad. Sir R.J. STRACHAN.
1812 Capt. John PECHELL, 12/12, North America, the flagship of his maternal uncle, Sir John WARREN. His first lieutenant, James P0LKINGHORNE, (PUCKINGHORNE in the Naval Chronicle) followed him from CLO0PATRA.
0n 3 April 1813 Lieut. POLKINGHORNE led the boats of SAN DOMINGO, MARLB0ROUGH, MAIDSTONE, STATIRA, FANTOME and MOHAWK attacked four armed schooners drawn up in line ahead in the mouth of the Rappahannock River. The ARAB,7, was driven ashore and boarded by the boats of MARLBOROUGH; LYNX,6, and RACER,6, were taken by San D0MING0's pinnace and the DOLPHIN,12, was boarded from STATIRA's cutter and the MAIDSTONE's launch after RACER's guns were turned on her.
SAN D0MING0 lost marine Robert TWIGG, killed. Lieut. POLKINGHORNE was slightly wounded and Lieut. Flint, R.M. was severely wounded. Lieut. BRAND had to have his arm amputated. Two marines and three seamen were also wounded. In all two were killed and eleven wounded. RACER and LYNX were taken were taken into the British service as 14-gun schooners under the names SHELBURNE and MUSQUEDOBIT.
0n 24 June Sir John WARREN directed an attack on Crany Island in the approaches to Norfolk, Virginia, and on the 28th Capt. PECHELL commanded the boats and tenders covering the landing of Sir Sydney Beckwith's troops which destroyed the American camp at Hampton.
The SAN DOMINGO returned to England in June 1814
SANDWICH. (Hired cutter) 1799 Lieut. G. LEMPRIERE, Plymouth for the Mediterranean.
SANDWICH,14. (Hired lugger) 1800 Lieut. W.R. WALLACE, Irish station. 1808 Lieut. Atkins, Jersey. 1811 Lieut. W.E. DRAKE, Guernsey. 0n 15 June 1812 he captured the French privateer lugger COURAGEUX of 2 guns and 24 men. She was 4 days out of Brehat without making any captures.
SANDWICH. (Cutter taken from the French by PIQUE and PELICAN at the evacuation of Aux Cayes in San Domingo during 0ctober 1803. Sold 1805) 1805 Charles BERNARDING, Jamaica. 0n 21 April 1805 Capt. DASHWOOD of BACCHANTE ordered SANDWICH and the NASSAU schooner to cruise from New Providence in search of privateers. 0n 6 May, about 25 miles W.S.W. of the West Caicos, they captured the French schooner RENOMMEE which was armed with one long 9-pounder and two six-pounders. She carried 56 men. The following day they took two more schooners, RENCONTRE,2, and VENUS,1, with 77 men between them. They could have continued the cruise for a longer period but were forced to return because of the large number of prisoners they were carrying.
SANDWICH,10. Schooner. (Purchased in 1805 as PITT, renamed in 1807. BU 1809) 1808 Lieut. W.J. FOLEY, Jersey.
SAN FIORENZO,38. (The MINERVE sunk at San Fiorenzo in Corsica by English batteries on 19 February 1794 but later raised and commissioned. BU 1837) 1795 Capt. Sir H. Burrard NEALE, 8/95. Mediterranean. 1799 ditto, Channel - Ireland.
She arrived off Plymouth on 4 January 1800 with a convoy of 29 sail from 0porto and landed the master of the Plymouth vessel TWO BROTHERS which had been taken by the French privateer MARS,24, while on her way to Newfoundland with a cargo of biscuit, and burnt to the water's edge. He had been put in a neutral vessel for 0porto. SAN FI0RENZO continued on to Portsmouth where, on 21 January a court martial on board GLADIATOR in Portsmouth harbour found the carpenter of SAN FI0RENZO guilty of drunkenness and neglect of duty. He was dismissed the ship.
She sailed from on 4 February in company with VENUS, TOPAZE and ENDYMION with troops for Ireland.
0n 27 February SAN FI0RENZO sailed from Plymouth on a cruise on a cruise from which she returned to Portsmouth. She sailed from there on 21 March and returned to Plymouth on 1 May after convoying the Lisbon fleet.
She went into dock at Plymouth on 9 June to have her bottom examined. Capt. PATTERSON was appointed to her and she joined the Channel fleet, arriving in Portsmouth for a refit on 4 July.
At the end of July she sailed from Portsmouth with CAMBRIAN, SYREN and two cutters to attend on his Majesty at Weymouth. They were employed on this duty all summer and returned to Portsmouth on 9 0ctober.
She recaptured the HEBE of Weymouth on 13 November. This vessel, bringing oil and fish from Newfoundland had parted from her convoy in a gale on the 9th and been captured by the French privateer GRAND DECIDE,18. HEBE arrived safely in Plymouth on the 27th.
SAN FI0RENZO and LAPWING sailed from Portsmouth on 16 February 1801 with a convoy for 0porto, Lisbon and the Mediterranean.
0n 29 March 1801, while the SAN FI0RENZO was lying in Plymouth Sound, a seaman fell from the main-yard and broke his thigh in such a complex manner that he died of a locked jaw within a few hours of his arrival at the Royal Naval Hospital.
She sailed two days later in company with SANTA MARGARETTA,36, to convoy the outward bound fleet for Gibraltar and Malta.
In the summer of 1801 she attended on his Majesty at Weymouth and returned to Portsmouth on 3 September. Four days later she sailed for a cruise of Havre.
1802 During February and March she cruised off Weymouth and Portland in search of smugglers and on 2 April she left Portsmouth for Torbay in company with LATONA. 0n 15 0ctober she arrived at Portsmouth from the eastward under the command of Capt. Joseph BINGHAM.
1803 East Indies. 0n 14 January 1804 Capt. BINGHAM gave chase to the French chasse maree PASSE-PARTOUT off Mount Dilly. When the land wind began to fail and he saw that his quarry had got her sweeps out he sent three boats after her. The barge and the cutter with Lieuts. DOYLE and BEACH coming up first laid the enemy on board in the face of heavy fire from two brass 6-pounders, several swivels and musketry and forced surrender in under two minutes. The French lost two men killed with five seriously wounded. 0ne of the bargemen was wounded on the back of his hand by a cutlass.
The French vessel had been fitted out for landing three officers on the Malabar coast to incite the Mahtatta chieftans to war and when Capt. BINGHAM discovered this he sent off expresses which resulted in the capture of the three at Poona.
Capt. BINGHAM removed to SCEPTRE in 1804.
1805 Capt. Henry LAMBERT, East Indies. 0n 8 February 1805 Capt. LAMBERT received a letter from the Chief Secretary of the government at Madras reporting a suspicious vessel off Vishakhapatnam. She was believed to be the French frigate PSYCHE which had been threatening trade in the area. At about 6 o'clock on the 13th three sail, a frigate and two merchant ships, were sighted at anchor inshore and, when they made sail to the southward, Capt. LAMBERT gave chase. He caught up with the sternmost ship during the evening of the following day and found her to be the THETIS prize. She had been abandoned by the French so he put a midshipman in charge and shortly afterwards commenced a close action with the frigate and the EQUIV0QUE privateer which lasted for nearly three hours. SAN FI0RENZO hauled off for a short time to repair her damaged rigging but when she bore up to resume the action at midnight the French commander, Capt. Bergeret, struck his colours.
SAN FIORENZO lost 12 killed:- Mr Christopher LEFROY, midshipman, 8 seamen, 1 drummer and 2 marines, and 36 wounded:- Lieut. William DAWSON (who was dangerously wounded in the breast by a boarding pike), Mr FINDLAYSON, master, Mr MARTINGLE, midshipman, 30 seamen and 2 marines. The French lost 57 killed and 70 wounded. The EQUIVOQUE, which was found to be a prize named PIGEON, escaped in the darkness. 1807 Capt. George Nicholas HARDINGE, East Indies. SAN FIORENZO sailed westward into the Gulf of Mannar from Point de Galle in the south of Ceylon during the morning of Friday 4 March 1808. Two days later she passed three Indiamen and shortly afterwards a frigate bearing N.E.. She gave chase and made the private signal which was ignored. Just before midnight the other ship opened fire with a broadside and an action continued for 50 minutes before the enemy broke off. The chase continued during darkness and the action was resumed at daylight. As usual the British fired low and the French high so, when the enemy made sail, SAN FIORENZO was unable to follow until she had repaired her damaged rigging. She caught up with the enemy on the morning of the 8th and the action recommenced as they passed each other on opposite tacks within a quarter cable's length. Capt. HARDINGE was killed by grape shot during the second broadside and Lieut.DAWSON took over command. After an hour and twenty minutes the enemy struck and she proved to be the PIEDMONTAISE, commanded by Capt. Epron, which had sailed from Mauritius on 30 December. She mounted 50 guns, long 18-pounders on the main deck and carronades on the quarter deck and carried a crew of 266 Frenchmen with 200 lascars to work the sails.
SAN FIORENZO lost seven seamen killed or mortally wounded :- MARTIN, SMALLWOOD, CURRELL, MIDDLETON, MEADE, MEADOWS and BALDWIN on the 7th and BEER and BURN on the 8th. Five marines, Martin, Luff, Lichfield Pope and Jones also lost their lives. Lieut. Henry George MOYSEY, Thomas GADSBY, carpenter's mate, and Henry THORNE, Boatswain's mate, were among those wounded on the 8th. The total losses were 38 killed and wounded. The French lost 48 killed and 112 wounded.
On the PIEDMONTAISE they found Mr W.F. Black, assistant surgeon of the 86th regiment who had been captured on his passage to Madras and the captains and officers of captured country ships. The later, with their lascars erected jury masts and took the prize first into Columbo and then on to Bombay.
1811 (armed en flute) Capt. Edmund Sexten Perry KNOX, Lisbon - Portsmouth. 1812 under repair at Chatham. 1814- out of commission at Woolwich.
SAN JOSEF,112. (Captured during a battle with the Spanish fleet by Ad. Sir John JERVIS off Cape St. Vincent on 14 February 1797. BU 1849)
NELSON, (see CAPTAIN) securing the captured SAN NICOLAS, ordered his soldiers of the 69th regiment (acting as marines) to fire into the stern gallery of the SAN JOSEF when a fire of pistols or muskets opened from there. He then directed his men to board her and Capt. BERRY assisted him into the main chains. A Spanish officer looked over the quarter deck rail and said they had surrendered and a few minutes later NELSON was on the quarter deck accepting the sword of the Spanish captain.
1797 Lisbon, before sailing to Plymouth for repair. 1801 Lord NELSON. On 28 January he received orders to place himself under Lord St. VINCENT's command and he sailed from Plymouth at 1 o'clock on 1 February and anchored in Torbay the following morning. (NELSON's daughter Horatia by Lady Hamilton was born on 30 January and he was preoccupied with this and with his bad eye.) Here, on 18 Februry, he received orders to hoist his flag in ST. GEORGE, leaving SAN JOSEF to Capt. WOLESLEY of ST. GEORGE.
Capt. William WORSLEY, 2/01, Channel fleet. Flagship of Ad. Hon. W. CORNWALLIS.
On 9 January 1802 SAN JOSEF and ROYAL GEORGE came into Plymouth from Torbay to be paid six months wages. On 15 April a deserter from SAN JOSEF broke into his sergeant's lodgings in Stonehouse, stole all his pay and prize money and got clear away. Following the Peace of Amiens on 27 March, SAN JOSEF was paid off and laid up in ordinary on 23 April; the greater part of her crew shipped themselves for various ports and many went away by long coach.
On 21 March 1803, when resumption of the war seemed likely, SAN JOSEF was ordered to be hauled down the harbour ready to be re-commissioned. Capt. Peter SPICER (acting), 4/03, fitting out during May. Capt. John Tremayne RODD was then appointed as flag captain when Vice Ad. Sir Charles COTTON hoisted his flag.
On the night of 5 October SAN JOSEF came down to the lower moorings and the following morning went into Cawsand Bay. She sailed to join the fleet on the 12th.
On 27 December Ad. CORNWALLIS reported that gales had driven SAN JOSEF, VILLE DE PARIS and DREADNOUGHT between the Lizard and their correct station off Brest and on the 30th they arrived in Torbay after experiencing dreadful weather. Men from the slaughterhouse at Plymouth were sent to Torbay to assist those there in providing fresh beef for the ships and lighters were taken up to supply them with beer. CORNWALLIS talked of getting to sea and resuming his station in a very few days and ordered the ships in Cawsand Bay to be got ready to join him.
He cleared Torbay at noon on the 1 January 1804 and was joined off Plymouth by NEPTUNE and COLOSSUS. The other vessels that were to have joined him the following day had to wait for wind. He was joined off Brest by some of the ships that had separated during the gale.
There was anothe severe gale on the 19th which drove the squadron north off station. SAN JOSEF returned to Plymouth for bullocks in February and sailed again for the fleet on the 13th. The men, who had been 'knocked up' by hard duty and fatigue during the gales, had all recovered.
On 21 July Ad. CORNWALLIS retured to Plymouth for a refit, leaving Vice Ad. COTTON in command. Later in the year Vice Ad. COTTON shifted his flag to PRINCE while SAN JOSEF had a refit. He returned to his old flag ship on 15 December and the ship and yards were manned and his flag cheered as was run up to the fore-top-gallant mast-head. 1805 Capt. Tristram Robert RICKETTS, Channel fleet, when Capt RODD removed to INDEFATIGABLE. Capt. R. J. NEVE, acting, as flag-captain in October. He was later confirmed in command. In the autumn of 1807 SAN JOSEF went into Plymouth for repair.
1809 off the Scheldt. Her people assisted in manning gunboat No. 67 during the attack on Flushing between 8 and 15 August 1809 and four were wounded including Lieut. RUSSELL and Mr BURNSIDE, the surgeon.
1810 C-in-C. Mediterranean. From 15 July strong gales forced the fleet from its station off Toulon. They sought shelter under Levant Island but were driven as far to the eastward as Villa Franca (Villefranche) before reaching the rendezvous off Cape Sicie to meet Capt. BLACKWOOD commanding the inshore squadron.
1811 Capt. George M'KINLEY, 4/11, who served on the Mediterranean and Channel stations until the death of the Admiral on 23 February 1812.
The following day the 66 year old Ad. Lord KEITH was appointed C. in C. Channel Soundings and ordered to repair to Spithead and hoist his flag in SAN JOSEF. Under his command he had 15 ships of the line, 14 frigates, 3 sloops, three gunbrigs and 3 hired cutters. Later on ill health prevented him going to sea and he spent much of his time ashore at Plymouth.
1813 Capt. Henry BOUCHIER. In March SAN JOSEF was lying alongside the CAPTAIN, hulk, off the jetty-head at Plymouth, removing her stores before being docked and fitted out for the flag of Rear Ad. FOOTE in the Mediterranean. A fire broke out in the hulk on the 23rd and, if the lashings had not been cut and hawsers got out to pull her clear, SAN JOSEF would have been burnt. Capt. BOUCHIER had already transferred his property and this was destroyed. (NELSON was flying his flag in CAPTAIN when he boarded and captured SAN JOSEF.)
Shortly after Capt. BOUCHIER was superceded when Rear Ad. Sir Richard KING replaced Rear Ad. FOOTE and Capt. William SREWART became flag captain. A shortage of men prevented the French fleet at Toulon from making any serious attempt to put to sea but, when the wind was favourable for returing to port, large squadrons would come out. On 14 November 1813 fourteen ships of the line and seven frigates came out and when the wind suddenly shifted as they got ouside Cape Sepet there were hopes that they could be brought to action. CALEDONIA, and later BOYNE and SAN JOSEF, opened fire on the WAGRAM,130, but neither of the 3-deckers could fetch her as the wind headed them off Point St. Marguarite. Lieut. Clarke, R.M. and Mr William CUPPAGE, signal midshipman, of the SAN JOSEF each lost a leg by one unlucky shot. ( Mr CUPPAGE, who continued in the navy on the Jamaica and East India stations before being promoted post captain in 1830, received a pension of �91. 5s. per annum in 1816.)
1837- Gunnery training ship at Plymouth. Capt. John HANCOCK, 1/37. Capt. Joseph TAYLER, 7/38. Capt. Frederick BURGOYNE, 8/41. 1846 out of commission.
SAN NICOLAS,80. (Captured by Ad. Sir John JERVIS off Cape St. Vincent on 14 February 1797) Used as a prison ship at Plymouth.
SANS PAREIL,80. (Launched by the French in June 1793. Captured by Earl HOWE in the Atlantic at the Battle of First of June 1794. BU 1842) Capt. Courand. She sailed in May 1794 with Rear Ad. Nielly`s squadron to meet a corn convoy from America. They attacked and captured the CASTOR, Capt. Thomas TROUBRIDGE, and part of the convoy she was escorting from Guernsey to Newfoundland.
During the battle between the two fleets on the 1st June Lord BRIDPORT`s flagship, ROYAL GEORGE, broke through the French line just ahead of SANS PAREIL, bringing down her fore amd mizen masts. she then came under fire from GLORY and lost her main mast as well, drifting out of the line to be taken possession of by MAJESTIC. TROUBRIDGE and the 50 men from CASTOR, who were prisoners on board, assisted in bringing her into Spithead. SANS PAREIL`s losses could have been as high as 260 killed and 120 wounded.
Capt. Lord Hugh SEYMOUR, 3/95, promoted Rear Ad. on first anniversary of the battle). Capt. W. BROWELL, 8/95. (with Rear Ad. Lord H. SEYMOUR's flag). Channel fleet. Took part in Lord BRIDPORT`s action with the French fleet off Belleisle on 22 June, silencing both the FORMIDABLE and Le PEUPLE. SANS PAREIL lost ten killed and two wounded. After SEYMOUR was appointed to the Board of Admiralty in the autumn she cruised off the French coast, using her French build and flying the tricoleur as a ruse to lure privateers within range. Sir Hugh retained her as his flagship and sailed on several summer cruises in her.
Capt. D. ATKINS, 1/99. Capt. C.V. PENROSE, 8/99. To the West Indies with, a convoy as Sir Hugh`s flagship. The admiral died of fever on 11 September 1801 and Capt. PENROSE had to be invalided home suffering from sunstroke. Capt. ESSINGTON, with the flag of Ad. Richard MONTAGUE. Returned to Plymouth on 4 September 1802. After a refit lasting 18 months and costing 35,000 pounds she turned into a prison hulk for French prisoners of war. Later a sheer hulk, she was broken up in April 1842.
SANTA DOROTHEA,42. (Captured by Capt. Manley DIXON in LION near Carthegena on 15 July 1798. BU 1814) Capt. H. DOWNMAN, 11/98, Mediterranean.On 28 November 1798, in company with STROMBOLA, PERSEUS and BULLDOG, he captured the Spanish man of war brig SAN LEON,16.
SANTA MARGARITA,36. (Taken by Capt. Alex. GRAEME in TARTAR off Lisbon on 11 November 1779. Sold 1836) Capt. E HARVEY appointed to her at the beginning of the war.
1795 Capt. Thomas Byam MARTIN, 3/95, Irish station. On 29 March 1795 CEREBUS and SANTA MARGARITA captured the French 18-gun corvette JEAN BART. The prize was taken into the Royal Navy as ARAB.
At daybreak on the morning of 8 June 1796 SANTA MARGARITA and UNICORN fell in with a two frigates and a corvette to the westward of Scilly. They immediately gave chase but by midday the effects of gunfire from the enemy's stern chasers on sails and rigging was beginning to slow them down. However when the sternmost ship bore round and attempted to rake the SANTA MARGARITA, Capt. MARTIN managed to bring his ship alongside the enemy and, in less than 20 minutes compelled him to strike. The prize was the TAMISE,42 which had been the British THAMES, captured on 4 October 1793. Of the 306 men on board her, 32 were killed and 19 wounded, some mortally. British casualties were 2 killed and 3 wounded. UNICORN captured the other frigate, the TRIBUNE. The corvette, LEGERE, escaped. Medals were awarded to the survivors in 1849. The senior lieutenant of SANTA MARGARITA, George HARISON, was promoted to commander for his part in the action. (He died near Launceston in Cornwall on 17 August 1831 just 50 years after he entered the navy as a midshipman.)
Towards the end of October 1796 Capt. MARTIN captured the French privateers BUONAPARTE,16, and VENGEUR,18.
Capt. G. PARKER, 12/96. Channel. She sailed for the West Indies from Cork on 15 January 1800. She returned to Portsmouth and sailed from there on 5 September taking the outward bound East India ships under convoy through the dangerous first part of their route. on 15 November orders came down to Plymouth for her to sail to Spithead.
On 22 November 1800 Andrew DRYDEN was tried by court martial on board GLADIATOR in Portsmouth Harbour for desertion. He was sentenced to receive 50 lashes and forfeit all his pay.
On 17 March 1801 SANTA MARGARITA and FIORENZO brought 25 sail of the outward bound Lisbon and Gibraltar fleet into Plymouth Sound for shelter The wind had taken them aback off the Eddystone when it blew squally from the south-west. The frigates remained in the Sound while the convoy ran into the Catwater which soon resembled a naval forest, there being nearly 200 sail there.
By the evening of the 19th it was blowing a hurricane which lasted until the following afternoon. SANTA MARGARITA, SIRIUS, IMMORTALITE and FISGARD had signals flying for assistance flying as they drove but the extra anchors they managed to get out held and they weathered the storm very well, although they pitched and rolled most dreadfully. In the Catwater all the transports drove foul of each other but no material damage was done.
The two frigates sailed again with their convoy on the 31st.
On Saturday 9 August SANTA MARGARITA sailed from Portsmouth with the convoys for the East and West Indies. She was later joined off Falmouth with the trade from that Port. The East India convoy parted company when they reached a certain latitude.
1803 Capt. Henry WHITBY, Jamaica station. 1805 Capt. Wilson RATHBONE, Channel fleet. From 1811 she was under repair at Plymouth until being used as a lazaretto at Milford in 1814.
SANTA LUCIA,14 (The French L'ENFANT PRODIGUE taken by Captain O'BRYEN in EMERALD, 36, off Santa Lucia on 24 June 1803. Recaptured 1807) 1804 Conway SHIPLEY, Barbados. On 25 January 1804, while off the Granadines, he captured the privateer FURET,4, out of Guadaloupe and on 16 February the BIGOU with 6 guns. Twenty of the latter's crew of 60 were in two prizes, the schooner FANNY from Demerara and the brig GOOD INTENT from Barbados. The brig was later recaptured by GUACHAPIN. At the end of the month Capt. SHIPLEY removed to HIPPOMENES.
1805 James AYSCOUGH, Leeward Is. 1807 Lieut Hon. Michael DE COURCY. Retaken by the French in January 1807.
SANTA TERESA,42. (Captured by Capt. G. BOWEN in ARGO with LEVIATHAN in sight on 6 February 1799 in the Mediterranean. Sold 1802) Capt. G. BARKER, 7/99. Capt. R. CAMPBELL, 9/99. Mediterranean. During 1800 she took part in the blockade of Malta.
SAN YSIDO,74. (Captured by Sir John JERVIS off Cape St. Vincent on 14 February 1797) Used as a prison ship at Plymouth.
SAPPHIRE,18. (1807 Lynn. Sold 1822) 1808 George DAVIES, Channel. 1809 Act. Cdr. Bertie Cornelius CATOR, 3/09, employed on the blockade of Isle de France and Bourbon. In August 1809 SAPPHIRE, operating close in shore, opened fire on St. Rose at the eastern end of Bourbon and silenced a battery. This permitted men from the frigate NEREIDE under Lieut. BINGHAM to land and capture the governor. They then spiked six guns and blew up a store of rockets. Lieut. BINGHAM was badly burnt and wounded when lighting a train to blow up a magazine containing 100 barrels of powder. Some of the guns were brought off in SAPPHIRE's boats and sunk in deep water. The French officer was detained on board NEREIDE until fresh provisions for the ships had been supplied from the island.
Capt. DAVIES was promoted to post captain on 21/10/10, the fifth anniversary of Trafalgar. 1811 Henry MONTRESOR, 10/10, to the Carracas. 1812- Henry HAYNES, Jamaica. SAPPHIRE and FORRESTER were escorting a convoy past the Ile de Vache when they chased a small schooner which had been hovering nearby. When she struck she proved to be the MARY ANN of Charlestown commanded by Peter Charriol. She was armed with one long 9-pounder amidships and a 4-pounder. On 8 November 1812 she seized the schooner JAMES AND RICHARD for illicit trade.
1815 Adam BROWN, Downs. 1816-18 Deptford.
SAPPHO. (1806 Ipswich. 'Cruizer'. Sold 1830) 1807 George LANGFORD, Spithead. 1808 ditto, North Sea. On 2 March 1808 she chased and brought to action a Danish brig, ADMIRAL JAWL,28, and compelled her to strike. SAPPHO had two wounded, the enemy two killed. The Danish vessel was of unusual construction having twelve 18-pounder carronades on one deck and sixteen long 6-pounders on a second.
1808 William CHARLTON, West Indies. 1810- Hayes O'GRADY, 6/10, Jamaica. SAPPHO made a number of captures during the autumn of 1812:-
Schooner JOSEPHA from Baltimore to Havana 26 Sept.
Sloop MOLLY from Philadelphia to Havana 27 Sept.
Schooner BLANCHE 31 Oct.
Schooner FLORA from San Domingo to Turk's Is. 13 Nov.
Schooner MARY from Santiago to Alexandria 26 Nov.
1814 paid off at Sheerness. 1815-17 Chatham. 1818 H. PLUMRIDGE, 2/18, St. Helena. 1820 James PLUMRIDGE, 2/18, Cork. 1822-24 J. JONES, 2/22, Cork. 1825 W. CANNING, 4/25, Halifax. SAPPHO was wrecked on the Canadian coast and her officers returned home in TWEED which sailed on 21 November and arrived at Plymouth on 14 December.
SAPPHIRE,26. (1827 Portsmouth. Sold 1864) 1826 Capt. Henry DUNDAS, 12/26, Nore. 1830 ditto, South America. SAPPHIRE returned home on 1 November 1830 1830 Capt. Hon. William WELLESLEY, 11/30, West Indies. 1832 Capt. Hon. G.W.R. TREFUSIS, 9/32, N.A.W.I. 1835 Capt. R.F. ROWLEY, Mediterranean.
SARACEN (1804 Blackwall. 'Cruizer'. BU 1812) 1805 James PREVOST, 2/05, (from the EXPLOSION bomb) Torbay. SARACEN was in the Rio Plata during the summer of 1807 and brought home the naval and military dispatches after the surrender of the British forces by General Whitelocke on 5 July. 1808 ditto, off Cadiz. 1810- Buckland Stirling BLUETT, Jamaica. On 12 October 1810 he captured the French privateer CAROLINE, with one gun and 42 men, out of Savanna without making any captures. Capt. BLUETT removed to CHILDERS.
SARACEN. (1812 Bridport. 'Cruizer'. Sold 1819) 1812 John HARPER, 8/12, Dartmouth. Initially his crew consisted only of marines and a few ratings retained for harbour-service. With these he was cruising some seven or eight miles off Beachy Head on 23 September 1812 when, at sunset in thick, hazy weather, he saw two French luggers chasing three English merchant ships. He immediately sailed to their protection and ran alongside, boarded and captured, the privateer COUREUR with out any loss. The COUREUR from Calais was commanded by Captain JOREUN and he only surrendered after he and two of his men had been wounded. The privateer mounted 14 guns and was crewed by 50 men. She and her companion HONORIA, (or HONORINE) which escaped whilst COUREUR was being secured, had sailed from Dieppe eight hours before and had made no captures although they were notorious for the damage they had caused to our trade on previous cruises.
When fully manned SARACEN sailed to the Mediterranean and in February 1813 escorted eastbound trade from Malta and, after a few months on the Smyrna station, spent the rest of the war in the Adriatic under the orders of Rear-Ad. FREEMANTLE.
His first orders were to blockade Ragusa (Dubrovnik) and on the night of 17 June 1813 SARACEN's people landed on Zupano, one of three small islands which the French had garrisoned for the protection of vessels sailing to the port. It was raining with thunder and lightning when the boats landed a party of 40 seamen and marines under Lieutenants HOLMES and HANCOCK and after a difficult march of 3 miles through the mud they reached the French strong-point drenched in rain and with their ammunition unserviceable. Since the enemy had been alerted there was nothing to do but charge with the bayonet and after 10 minutes struggle the place was taken without loss and a captain, 5 NCO's and 33 privates made prisoners.
After the loss of Zupano the French reinforced a second island, Mezzo, and HARPER with Captain BLACK of WEAZLE resolved to besiege it. HARPER landed with the marines of both vessels on 17 July and took possession of the town, the enemy retreating to a fortified castle on a hill which was then bombarded with a 12-pounder carronade. While HARPER was absent for two days at the island of Curzola (Korkula) Captain BLACK and his gunner, Mr Brien, hoisted a battery of 3 brass guns to a point overlooking the castle and after a few hours firing on the 22nd the French offered a truce and the castle was surrendered at 3 PM., the officers and men giving their parole not to serve again against Great Britain. Five long 9-pounders, one brass howitzer, 50O shot, 30 shells, 80OO musket-ball cartridges and 4 barrels of gunpowder were captured. SARACEN lost one marine killed and WEAZLE two wounded. The marines from SARACEN and the brig WIZARD were installed on Mezzo as a garrison under Lieut. HOLMES and a telegraph was erected Following the loss of two islands the French general at Ragusa withdrew his troops from the third island of Calamotta and HARPER was ordered to extend his blockade down to Boca di Cattaro (Kotor). He reconnoitred the latter harbour on 13 August and three days later, after being joined by WEAZLE and WIZARD, made plans to attack the batteries at the entrance. Early on the morning of the 18th the boats left the brigs under the command of Fairfax Moresby of WIZARD and the men stormed the batteries under a heavy fire of round shot and musketry. Unfortunately the brigs were becalmed off shore and could not cover the landing so the objectives had to be limited to destroying the batteries captured in the first assault by spiking the guns (three 18-pounders in one fort) and throwing them into deep water. Lieut. Hancock was attacked by a party of soldiers while engaged in this activity but drove them off with musket fire. when the boat parties retired at 4 PM the only losses were two seamen from SARACEN who were wounded. Part of SARACEN's rudder was also shot away. For the next two months SARACEN was left to blockade the enemy ports on her own but he managed to keep the whole coast in a state of alarm by making a series of landings at night. On these occasions he withdrew his marines from Mezzo leaving one man to give the French the impression that they were still present.
One evening in September the French, believing SARACEN to be some 12 miles to the westward, sent 50 oxen out of Ragusa to Cattaro under a weak escort. HARPER, who had previous information, sailed during the night and landed to the eastward of the town at daylight with everyone he had on board (the master, boatswain and 20 men) and intercepted the convoy on the road. The guards ran away and the oxen were loaded into fishing boats and taken off to SARACEN. A letter from the French commander was found saying that the blockade had made it impossible to forward supplies by sea and very difficult by land.
On 12 October SARACEN and three Sicilian gunboats carrying 50 soldiers joined Captain Hoste in BACCHANTE off Boca di Cattaro. The following day they forced the passage between Castel Nuova (near Zelenika) and Fort Rosa and secured an anchorage some 3 miles inside the outer bay. On the evening of the 14th HARPER left with the two gunboats, the launch and barge of BACCHANTE and the boats of SARACEN and entered the inner bay where he was fired on from the island of St George. Within 4 miles of Cattaro he found four enemy gunboats in a state of revolt and took possession of them. He then landed at various places where the local inhabitants were arming themselves against the French and collected volunteer crews for his new captures. At Persate (Perast) he found that he found that the locals had taken possession of a fort with 3 guns which they placed at his disposal. At 6 AM he used these and those of his gunboats to bombard the island of St. George. In 15 minutes the French had been driven from their guns and offered to capitulate.
The prize gunboats each had a long 24-pounder in the bow and two of them carried a 12-pounder carronade. HARPER left them to blockade Cattaro by sea.
The local French commander, General Gauthier, had retired to Fort St. John with 60O men and HARPER received orders to blockade him. Finding it impossible to sail SARACEN to Cattaro he called on the local inhabitants to tow her along the rocky shore for 3 miles. He arrived on 20 October and immediately made preparations to hoist a battery to the peak of Mount Theodore which overlooked the fort. After 3 weeks of great exertion by SARACEN's seamen in continuous rain an 18-pounder was hoisted to the summit on 23 December. Meanwhile BACCHANTE had returned and her crew mounted further pieces of ordnance. On Christmas Day fire was opened on the castle from four different points and on 3 January 1814, when HARPER was about to lead an assault, Gauthier offered to surrender and, after the capitulation was signed on the 5th, SARACEN's men took possesion of the fort.
After the fall of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) on 28 January SARACEN came under the orders of Sir John Gore and took part in the blockade of Venice until its surrender. On 14 May, with the war in the Adriatic at an end, she sailed up the Grand Canal and anchored near St Mark's. Apart from all the shipping, ordnance and stores she had captured, she had deprived the French army of nearly 10OO regular troops. HARPER was awarded the Order of Leopold by the Austrian Emporer.
SARACEN was now ordered to North America. HARPER, who received notice of his promotion to post rank on 7 June when she arrived at Gibraltar, handed her over to Alexander DIXIE on the Halifax station and returned home on 26 October.
1816 John GORE (b), 18/8/15, Spithead for America. In the autumn of 1816 SARACEN and HARRIER were hove down at Halifax after going ashore at Bermuda. When FORTH arrived from England on 24 October Ad. GRIFFITH shifted his flag to her and sailed for Bermuda on 10 November for the winter with SARACEN and PACTOLUS in company. 1817- ditto, Bermuda.
SARACEN (1831 Plymouth. Sold 1862) 1831 Plymouth. 1834 Lieut. T.P. LE HARDY, 11/33, Plymouth. 1836 ditto, Lisbon then the north coast of Spain with Lord John HAY's squadron off Bilbao. 1837- Lieut. Henry HILL, 4/37, Coast of Africa, where fever was responsible for a large number of deaths among the ship's company. She sailed from Sierra Leone on 1 October 1837 in company with CHILDERS but parted from her three days later to look for slavers in the Gallinas. SARACEN was a brute to sail and was quite unsuitable to the work.
When Lieut. HILL boarded a brigantine under Portuguese colours and pointed out to the captain that his crew was Spanish, the captain admitted that he had bought the papers in Porto Praya for a thousand dollars, but they were in order so HILL could not detain him. In January 1838 he chased a schooner full of slaves off Whydah but she got away having been warned of SARACEN's presence by the FORTUNA brig. At the beginning of March 1840 she was at Sierra Leone when Lieut. Arthur KINGSTON was appointed to her after delivering the slaver LARK to the prize court (see WOLVERINE). On 13 March, while on passage to River GAMBIA, a 19 year old named John PLUNKET fell overboard from the main- top-gallant-yard. As he fell he struck the topsail-yard and was bleeding and almost senseless when he hit the water. Mr KINGSTON, on the quarter deck, immediately dived overboard but before he could reach him the lad sank below the surface. Fortunately PLUNKET rose again and KINGSTON was able to support him for a quarter of an hour until a boat reached them. Lieut. KINGSTON saved another lad in similar circumstances a little later in an area known to be infested with sharks.
Between 19 and 26 November 1840 SARACEN, ROLLA and WANDERER destroyed the slave barracoons at Gallinas. 1842- out of commission at Devonport.
SARDINE,16. (Taken from the French by Captain John SUTTON in EGMOND,74, off Tunis on 9 March 1796. Sold 1806) 1799- Portsmouth.
SARPEDON. (1809 Eling. 'Cherokee'. Foundered 1813) 1809 James GREEN, 5/09, Leith. In August 1810 a court martial was held on John MILLS, the armourer of SARPENDON for causing the death of Thomas COLLINS, the carpenter's mate when a musket he was examining went off while he was reflinting it. The court agreed that it was an accident. Capt. GREEN was promoted to post rank in February 1812.
1812 Thomas PARKER, Leith. He captured the Danish privateer schooner RAP off Fair Isle on 22 April 1812. She was armed with four guns and ten swivels, carried 25 men and was two days out from North Bergen without making any captures. SARPENDON was lost, supposedly foundered, at the beginning of January 1813.
SARPEN,18. (Taken from the Danes at Copenhagen on 7 September 1807) 1808 J. GIFFORD, 6/08, Sheerness.
SATELLITE,16. (1806 Sandwich. Lost 1811) 1807 C.F. PAYNE, Downs. H. HOPKINS, to the West Indies on 16 November. 1808 Robert EVANS, Downs. 1809 Edward RUSHWORTH to April 1809. 1810 Hon. Willoughby BERTIE, Channel. She foundered in the Channel on 19 January 1811 with the loss of all on board.
SATELLITE (1812 Fishbourne. 'Cruizer'. Sold 1824) 1812 John PORTEUS, 10/12, Deptford. 1814 to the W.Indies. 1815 Charles WHITE, W.Indies. 1816 James MURRAY, 8/15, to the Mediterranean. 1817-18 ditto, Mediterranean. 1820 Portsmouth. 1822 R. GORE, 2/22, East Indies. 1824 Mark CURRIE, 1/23, East Indies.
SATELLITE,18. (1826 Pembroke. BU 1849) 1826 John LAWS, 11/26, Plymouth. 1828 ditto, East Indies. 1831 M. Theodore HARE (act.), 5/31, East Indies. 1832 Robert SMART, 9/32, South America. 1834 G.W.C. LYDIARD, 10/34, South America. 1836 Robert SMART, 2/35, South America. 1837- John ROBB, 10/36, N.A.W.I. 1842 Portsmouth. 1844 Robert ROWLEY, 12/43, S.E. Coast of America. 1848 Sheerness.
SATISFACTION. Gun vessel. (1794 - 1802) 1799 Lieut. Samuel DECKER, Portsmouth.
SATURN,74. (1786 Northam. BU 1868) 1798 Capt. WALLER, Irish Station. He died suddenly while walking the quarterdeck. 1799 Capt. Thomas TOTTY. On 18 May an inquest was held on a seaman who had fallen from the larboard arm of the main-top-gallant yard onto the bayonet of a gangway sentinel while SATURN was fitting for sea in Cawsand Bay. He was much lamented as an excellent seaman. SATURN sailed on a cruise on the 21st. On 21 January 180O Capt. TOTTY faced a court martial on board GLADIATOR which absolved him of blame for running his ship on board PRINCE during an extremely dark night and found that he behaved as a diligent and careful officer.
1801 Capt. C. BOYLES, Channel Fleet. Capt. Robert LAMBERT,with Sir Hyde PARKER's expedition to the Baltic. He removed to ALCMENE in August and Capt. James BRISBANE, who, following a private letter from Lord NELSON to Earl ST.VINCENT, was confirmed as post captain in SATURN backdated to the date of the Battle of Copenhagen in April. She was the flagship of Rear Ad. TOTTY who was appointed C. in C., Leeward Is. in December 1801 and sailed from Portsmouth for Martinique on 13 December. Here a number of the crew were struck down by yellow fever and the admiral also contracted the disease after spending a few days on shore while the ship was painting. They cruised for a day or two off the island in the hope that the fresh air would benefit him but, finding his condition getting worse, he ordered SATURN to sail for England on 24 May. He died on 2 June and was interred in the garrison chapel at Portsmouth. SATURN was paid off.
1803 Portsmouth. 1805 Capt. Lord Amelius BEAUCLERK, Channel. He removed from MAJESTIC in the summer of 1805 and was appointed into ROYAL OAK in May 1809. In 1806 SATURN was employed on the Mediterranean station where she went on shore near Cadiz lighthouse when returning home. She was hove down at Gibraltar, both garboard strakes replaced and she was back at sea with the home-bound trade under her protection in six weeks.
Capt. Thomas BOYS was appointed to temporary command of SATURN for a period during 1808.
1811 Capt. William CUMBERLAND. In the autumn SATURN was under repair at Plymouth.
Reduced to 54 guns in 1813. 1814 Capt. James NASH, Plymouth. He dsailed for Bermuda on 14 February. 1815 Capt. Thomas BROWN, Halifax, in January. By April Capt. NASH was back in command.
1816- out of commission at Plymouth. 1825- Lazaretto at Milford
SAVAGE,14. Sloop. (1778 Ipswich. 1804 Hulk) 1780 T. GRAVES. On 20 March 1781 SAVAGE was part of a squadron which convoyed 20OO men under Gen. Phillips from New York to the Chesapeake and the James River. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 99, No. 4, reports that SAVAGE, while destroying property along the Potomac River, embarrassed General Washington by NOT burning Mount Vernon. The General had to rebuke his cousin, the caretaker, for being too nice to the British. (Forwarded by S. Lehman, email@example.com)
GRAVES was promoted post captain in May 1781.
1781 Charles STIRLING. On 6 September SAVAGE was chased by the American privateer CONGRESS,24, Capt. GEDDES, of superior force, and brought to action off Charleston. After two hours in which the American`s rigging was badly damaged and SAVAGE`S hull was wrecked, the English vessel was obliged to surrender, with 8 killed including the Master and 31 wounded, including the captain, Lieut. SHIELDS and three midshipmen, out of a crew of about 10O, her mizen mast was shot away, the main mast in danger of falling overboard and several guns rendered useless. The privateer lost 11 killed and 30 wounded. While SAVAGE was being taken to an American port she was retaken by SOLEBAY, Capt. Charles EVERITT.
1799- Norborne THOMPSON, Nore. In May 1798 she was part of a naval force under Capt. Home POPHAM which landed troops near Ostend. Lock gates and sluices were destroyed but bad weather prevented the troops re-embarking and they were taken prisoner.
On the morning of 12 January 180O the French privateer lugger RENARD, 14 guns and 65 men, Jean Jacque Fourmintin, master, sailed from Boulogne in company with six others. They had captured had an English brig called ATLAS, from Lisbon, off Dungerness when NEMESIS and SAVAGE came up and, while the former gave chase to the luggers, SAVAGE retook the brig. NEMESIS captured RENARD and hired cutter NILE came up and boarded the lugger MODERE at midday. Capt. BAKER of NEMESIS took the two prizes and the brig into the Downs after ordering UNION, NILE and SAVAGE to watch Calais and Boulogne during the night. SAVAGE and NILE anchored in the Downs the following morning.
On 28 May a court-martial was held on board SAVAGE at Sheerness on Lieut. WHEATLY and his clerk of the GELYKHEIDT prison ship at Gillingham on charges of drunkeness, embezzlement and oppression. They were acquitted.
SAVAGE's surgeon, Mr PALMER, appeared before a court martial at Sheerness on the 11 September 1801 charged with drunkeness and not attending to his duty. When found guilty he was dismissed as a surgeon but allowed to serve as a surgeon's mate in another ship.
1802 W.H. WEBLEY, Downs. SAVAGE was in Portsmouth from 21 - 24 April 1802.
1803 Woolwich. Hulk from October 1804. Sold 31 August 1815.
SAVAGE,16. (1805 Chapel. Sold 1819) 1807 J.W MAURICE, Downs for West Indies. 1808 William ROBILLIARD, Leeward Is. 1811 William FERRIER, Jamaica. 1812 William BISSELL, Quebec. At 6 AM on 20 January 1814, in thick and stormy weather, after having no sight of land for three days, SAVAGE ran on shore off Rock North at the north end of Guernsey. BISSELL immediately let go the anchor and the wisdom of this action was seen at daybreak when the ship was found to be surrounded by rocks. Later in the day John ROBIN and four other pilots came off to her and she was moved to a place called Great Harbour. Here her anchor dragged and once more she went aground. The next day the wind moderated and she was taken to the Pier Head in Guernsey.
After a court martial on board GLADIATOR at Portsmouth on 3 February 1814, Rear-Ad. FOOTE presiding, Capt. BISSELL was dismissed his ship for neglect in failing to keep a regular reckoning from the time of his last departure from land, great neglect in failing to heave the lead and failing to ensure that his officers performed their tasks. The master, Charles LEACH, was also accused of committing perjury in his evidence to the court. He was found guilty of neglect of duty and dismissed the service for ever. 1814- Portsmouth.
SAVAGE,10. (1830 Plymouth. BU 1866) 1831 Lord Edward RUSSELL, 1/31 Cork. 1834 Lieut. Robert LONEY, 11/32, Lisbon and Oporto during the Portuguese civil war. In 1834 she took the pirates from PANDA to America for trial.(see CURLEW) 1837 Lieut. Hon. E.R. CURZON, 11/36, Plymouth. Sailed on 2 January 1837 for north coast of Spain. 1840 Lieut. Hon. Edward PLUNKETT, 7/38, Partic. Service. 1842 John H. BOWKER, 6/41, Plymouth for Mediterranean. 1846- Devonport.
SAXE COBOURG. cutter. 180O Lieut. James WATSON, North Sea. He removed to VOLCANO when promoted to commander in January 1801.
SCARBOROUGH,74. (1812 Harwich. Sold 1836) 1812 Capt. Charles James JOHNSTON, Flagship of Rear Ad. FERRIER on the North Sea station until the conclusion of the war in 1814. She then remained out of commission at Sheerness until sold.
SCEPTRE,74. (1802 Deptford. Sold 1821) 1803 Capt. A.C. DICKSON. On 20 June SCEPTRE came into Plymouth for a refit after a cruise and sailed again on the 28th to join the Channel fleet. In July she sailed for the East Indies station. On 21 December 1803 in the eastern Indian Ocean, SCEPTRE and ALBION captured the French ship CLARISSE of 12 guns and 157 men.
1804 Capt. Joseph BINGHAM, East Indies, who removed from the St. FIORENZO.
On 11 November 1806 SCEPTRE and CORNWALLIS, Capt. Johnston, made a dash into St. Paul's Bay, Ise of Bourbon, and attacked the shipping there. This consisted of the frigate SEMILLANTE, three armed ships and twelve captured British ships. (The eight taken by SEMILLANTE were valued at one and a half million pounds) Unfortunately the heavy cannonade calmed what little breeze there was and the two ships found it difficult to manoeuvre so no vessels were recaptured. The two ships, much affected by scurvy, had to retire to Madagascar for their crews to recuperate.
SCEPTRE returned home in 1808 accompanied by two homeward bound Danish East Indiamen captured by Capt. BINGHAM off the Cape of Good Hope.
She was paid off but, after repair and refitting, SCEPTRE was recommissioned by Capt. BINGHAM and joined Sir Richard STRACHAN in the expedition to the Scheldt in 1809.
1809 Capt. Samuel James BALLARD, 10/09, Leeward Is. During the passage from England Capt. BALLARD trained his crew in the use of the broadsword. This later proved of value when they were used ashore.
He arrived off Martinique with ALFRED and FREJUS under his orders, to find that four French frigates had captured and burnt the JUNON, belonging to the Halifax squadron, about 150 miles to the windward of Guadaloupe. SCEPTRE, BLONDE, THETIS, FREIJA, CASTOR, CYGNET, HAZARD, RINGDOVE and ELIZABETH proceeded to attack two of the enemy frigates anchored in Ance la Barque about nine miles to the N.W. of the town of Basse Terre on 18 December. BLONDE, THETIS and the three sloops bore the brunt of the attack and forced the French to abandon their ships and then set fire to them. Capt. CAMERON, who was killed in the attempt, landed with the boats of HAZARD and destroyed the shore batteries. The two frigates were the LOIRE and the SEINE
Towards the end of January 1810 SCEPTRE escorted a division of the troops destined for the attack on Guadaloupe from St. Lucia to to the Saintes. While other troops were landed on the island he created a diversion off Trois Rivieres before landing his troops and marines between Ance la Barque and Basse Terre. Until the surrender of the island capt. BALLARD commanded the detachment of seamen and marines attached to the army.
SCEPTRE visited most of the West Indian islands before sailing from St. Thomas's in August with the homebound trade. She arrived at Spithead on 25 September 1810 and was docked and refitted.
SCEPTRE was employed in the Channel watching the enemy in Brest and the Basque Roads until January 1813.
1813 Capt. C. ROSS, America. Flagship of Rear Ad. COCKBURN.
On 11 July 1813 SCEPTRE with ROMULUS, FOX, NEMEDIS and CONFLICT, and the HIGHFLYER and COCKCHAFER tenders, anchored off the Ocracoke bar. They had on board detachments of troops under the orders of Lieut. Col Napier.
An advanced division of the best pulling boats commanded by Lieut. WESTPHALL and carrying armed seamen and marines from SCEPTRE was ordered to attack the enemy's shipping. They were supported by Capt. ROSS with the rocket-boats. The flat and heavier boats followed with the bulk of the 102nd regiment and the artillery. The only opposition came from a brig and a schooner, which were the only armed vessels in the anchorage. When they were attacked by Lieut. WESTPHALL and some rockets the brig, the ANACONDO,18, was abandoned and the schooner, the privateer ATLAS,10, struck.
The troops took possession of Portsmouth and Ocracoke Island without opposition.
1815 Out of commission at Chatham.
SCIPION,74. (Taken possession of by PHOENIX and REVOLUTIONAIRE on 4 November 1805 after escaping from the battle of Trafalgar. BU 1819) 1805- Plymouth. 1811 Capt James JOHNSTONE, flagship of Rear Ad. Hon. R. STOPFORD. His fleet, consisting of four sail of the line, thirteen frigates, seven sloops and eight cruisers of the H.E.I.Co., captured the island of Java on 18 September.
1812 Capt. Henry HEATHCOTE, Mediterranean. 1816 out of commission at Portsmouth.
SCORPION,16. (1785 Shoreham. Sold 1802) 1795 Stair DOUGLAS was promoted commander into SCORPION on the Jamaica station. 1799- Charles TINLING, Sheerness. On 26 April 180O SCORPION and SEVERN sailed from Portsmouth as escorts to the large outward bound West Indies convoy. AMAZON accompanied them through the Western Approaches. The convoy arrived safely in Martinique on 20 May.
SCORPION (1803 Dover. 'Cruizer'. Sold 1819) 1804 George HARDINGE, Downs. On 25 March 1804 Edward THORNBOROUGH detached SCORPION to cruise off the Vlie Passage at the entrance to the Texel and watch two Dutch national brigs at anchor there. On 31 March SCORPION fell in with BEAVER, Capt. Charles PELLY, which was on her way to her station and they decided to join forces to cut out one of the brigs.
That night 5 boats with 60 officers and men including the two commanders, rowing with the flood tide, pulled alongside the nearest brig, ATALANTE, at about half past eleven. HARDINGE was the first on her deck through the boarding nets and the noise and speed of the attack drove many of the crew below in a panic.
The decks were slippery after rain and he fell as he tackled a mate of the watch but he recovered and killed him. He then engaged the captain who disarmed him and he was only saved by the intervention of Mr Woodward WILLIAMS, the master of SCORPION. The Dutch Capt. Carp refused to surrender and was killed. The remainder would not surrender until three seamen were killed and three officers and eight seamen wounded. All the casualties on the British side were from SCORPION; Lieut. Buckland BLUETT, the master, Woodward WILLIAMS, midshipman Edmund JONES and two seamen, J. WILKINSON (badly) and R. TUCKER, were wounded.
Forty of the enemy were put into irons below and preparations made to capture the other brig. At day break she was found to be too far off and the attempt had to be abandoned.
The ATALANTE's captain was buried with full naval honours on 2 May, the Dutch officers were freed for the occassion and the Dutch colours hoisted.
Two of the boats broke adrift and two more were swamped in a gale which lasted three days before they could bring ATALANTE out. She proved to be larger than SCORPION and mounted sixteen long 12-pounders and had 76 men on board.
HARDINGE was posted into the PROSELYTE and received a 10O guinea sword. BLUETT was made commander and received a 50 guinea sword. He was appointed to WASP. The naval medal was awarded for the action.
1805- Phillip CARTERET, Channel. On 3 January 1807 SCORPION was chasing a cutter some 15 miles south of the Lizard when PICKLE came up and closed with the enemy. After an exchange of fire PICKLE's people boarded and captured her. SCORPION then arrived, took off 69 prisoners and landed them at Falmouth. Twelve miles south-west of Scilly he captured the French privateer brig BOUGAINVILLE on 17 February 1807. She had 16 guns and 93 men and was 23 days out of St. Malo.
1807 Francis STANFELL. SCORPION was about 10O miles south of Cape Clear on 21 November 1807 disguised as a merchantman and, in the evening, succeeded in enticing the French privateer ketch GLANEUSE under her guns. By the time her commander, Joseph Guinian, realised his mistake he was within pistol-shot and it was too late. The privateer carried 16 guns and 80 men and was of new construction on her first cruise from St. Malo. She had taken two vessels, one being the ship ALFRED bound for Poole from Newfoundland. Information he obtained from the GLANEUSE enabled Capt. STANFELL to capture the privateer ketch GLANEUR commanded by Jaquel Fabre on 3 December after a chase of 12 hours. She had 10 guns and 60 men and was 6 days out of Brest having taken the brig HORATIO, master David Mill, from London to Mogadore and the Portuguese GLORIA, from Oporto to London. GLANEUR had had been preying on shipping for two years and had been repeatedly chased but always escaped through superior sailing.
1808 ditto, coast of Portugal. 1809 ditto, Leeward Is. At the end of 1809 she formed part of the squadron off Guadaloupe and on 25 September the boats of BLONDE, FACON and SCORPION were sent in pursuit of an enemy vessel making for Basseterre. On their approach she ran herself ashore in a bay between two batteries but, despite the crossfire from these and small arms fire from men on the beach, the boat parties landed, found it impossible to get her off, and left her bilged. The only casualties were Mr THOMPSON, master of BLONDE, who lost an arm, and one sailor of the same ship who died of wounds.
On the night of 11 January 1810 Capt. STANFELL was directed by Capt. BALLARD of BLONDE to attempt to cut out a French national brig from her anchorage off Basseterre. When he stood close in a square-rigged vessel was seen clearing the north point of the bay so he went off in pursuit. During the chase the wind fell to a near calm and SCORPION had to be swept for four hours but eventually she closed within pistol-shot and brought the French brig to an action which lasted for two hours before the enemy was completely dismasted.
Capt. STANFELL found himself in possession of the ORESTE of fourteen 24-pounders and two long 12s with a crew of 110 men. She was commanded by lieutenant de vaisseau Monnier and was bound for France with a lieutenant-colonel and two other army officers and the captains and other officers from two French frigates as passengers.
SCORPION had four men wounded during the action, the French losses were two killed and ten wounded. Lieuts. BLAKE and STRONG and the master, Mr SLATER were commended by the captain.
The prisoners were transferred to BLONDE's barge which arrived under Lieut. SCOTT, first of that ship. ORESTE was taken into the Royal Navy as WELLINGTON and medals were awarded for the survivors of the action in 1847.
SCORPION took part in the attack on Guadaloupe at the end of January 1810 when Capt. STANFELL and a detachment of seamen served ashore with the 2nd division of the army under Brigadier General HARCOURT. After the French capitulation on 6 February SCORPION then returned to England with Ad. COCHRANE's dispatches. Capt. STANFELL arrived at the Admiralty Office on 15 March.
1811 Hon. J. GORE, 4/10, Leeward Is. While sailing to the windward of the island of Martinique, SCORPION was struck by a heavy squall which was so violent that she lost some of her masts and had three seamen swept overboard. On seeing them struggling in the water Cdr. GORE jumped overboard and succeeded in rescuing two of them. The third was lost in the tremendous seas. 1812 R. GILES, Coast of Africa. 1814-18 Sheerness.
SCORPION. (1832 Plymouth. 'Cherokee'. BU 1874) 1834 Lieut. Nicholas ROBILLIARD, 12/33, Plymouth. 1836 ditto Falmouth. 1836 Lieut. Edward HOLLAND, 9/36, Part. Service. 1838- Lieut. Charles GAYTON, 2/37, Mediterranean. 1842- Devonport.
SCOURGE,14. brig-sloop (1779 Dover. Foundered 1795) 1793 William Stap. She sailed from Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight on Thursday 7 March with a convoy of nine vessels for Newfoundland. They parted company 80 leagues to the westward of the Scillies on the 11th and, the same afternoon, captured a French privateer of 14 guns, 9 pounders and 82 men. (SCOURGE only had 8 guns and 70 men and boys on board) On Wednesday 13 March they fell in with a richly laden French ship from Marseilles to Havre de Grace and brought her into Plymouth. With a ship full of French prisoners they had always to be on watch with a brace of pistols in the pocket. Since the French ship had come through the Straits they had to perform quarantine.
Foundered off the Dutch coast on 7 November 1795
SCOURGE,4. Gunvessel (1794 purchased. Renamed CRASH 1798. BU 1803)
SCOURGE,22. (The French ROBUSTE taken on 15 April 1796 by Sir J.B. WARREN in POMONE off the Saintes. Sold 1802) 1797 Sam. WARREN, 3/97, Leeward Is. She had been out since 13 April 1797 and had captured two Spanish letters of marque.
SCOURGE left at the beginning of July 180O with INVINCIBLE to convoy the homeward bound West India fleet of 91 sail, mainly Guinea-men bound for Liverpool and Glasgow. She parted from the convoy off Cape Clear on 9 August and escorted two merchantmen up the Bristol Channel as far as Lundy. She arrived in Plymouth on the 22nd with the news that the outward bound fleet, which had sailed in April under convoy of SCORPION, SEVERN and DROMEDARY, had arrived in Martinique on 20 May. SCOURGE was paid off and, on 14 September, her crew were turned over to GANGES.
SCOURGE,16. (HERALD, purchased 1803. Sold 1816) 1803 W. WOOLRIDGE, Downs. At the beginning of January 1804 Capt. WOOLRIDGE spoke with a Prussian trader out of Amsterdam who informed him of an English ship being held as a prize in the Vlie Roads so, on the night of the 10th while SCOURGE anchored in less than 5 fathoms a musket- shot away from the shore, he sent in his boats under Lieut. W.J. HUGHES to fetch her out. This was accomplished without loss although she mounted eight guns and was lying under batteries. The purser, Mr WILLIAMSON; the boatswain, Mr HEPBURN, and midshipman DALE and DALY were volunteers in the boats.
The vessel they had rescued was an English ship of 40O tons which had being carrying timber from Memel to Hull when she was taken by the Dutch privateer brig UNION,18, off Norway on 19 December 1803. Capt. WOOLRIDGE sent her in to Yarmouth Roads and rejoined Rear-Ad. THORNBOROUGH in the Texel.
On 21 August 1804 ADAMANT and SCOURGE arrived at Portsmouth with a number of vessels from the Downs under convoy. The convoys sailed on the 23rd with HYDRA for Lisbon and the Mediterranean and PENGUIN for the West Indies.
SCOUT,18. (French sloop VENUS captured by FISGUARD in the Atlantic on the 22 October 180O. Lost 1801) 180O George ORMSBY, Channel. He died in February 1801. 1801 Henry DUNCAN. On the 25 March 1801, while SCOUT was tacking through the Needles, the strong tide drove her on to the Shingles before she made headway through the water after been put in stays. The crew were saved by BEAVER . Since the proper mark, the light on Hurst Castle, was in sight, all on board were acquitted of blame.
SCOUT. (1804 Hull. 'Cruizer'. BU 1827) 1805 D.H. MACKAY, Portsmouth, preparing for foreign service. On 4 October she sailed from Spithead with MELPOMENE, UNITE and MOSELLE as escort to a Gibraltar convoy of 33 merchantmen. She left the convoy on 13 October with three ships for Oporto.
1807 William RAITT, off Cadiz. On the morning of 27 March 1807 Capt. RAITT sighted a Spanish felucca privateer which anchored under Cape Plata an hour later. It was some hours before SCOUT could get within gun-shot of her, by which time the felucca was lying end on with an anchor to the shore. She had two long 24-pounders in her bow and they fired over SCOUT as the sloop came in but 10 minutes fire forced her to cut and run on shore. Some of SCOUT's shot must have pierced her between wind and water because she was soon full of water and lying on her side. In addition to her bow guns the felucca also mounted six 12-pounder carronades and two 18-pounders. The surf was too high for SCOUT's boats to go in so Capt. RAITT pulled out of the bay. The following day he found the felucca a complete wreck. He was later informed that the privateer was the ADMIRAL of Tariffa, commanded by Sebastian Boralta and carrying 10O men.
Capt. RAITT oserved some vessels coming round Cape Trafalgar on the evening of 21 May 1807 obviously intending to pass through the straits during the dark. When he was joined by MORGIANA he ordered her boats under Lieut. SUTHERLAND, together with SCOUT's cutter and jolly boat under Lieut. BATTERSBY, to go in to the shore and cut out the enemy. Under heavy fire on a very clear night, they brought out SAN FRANCISCO SETTARO, alias DETERMINADA, a Spanish privateer carrying one long 18 pounder and two carriage guns bound for Algeciras from Cadiz. James MACKFORD, captain of the foretop, was killed and able seaman William FORTH wounded.
1808 ditto, coast of Portugal. On 21 June 1808 she was off Lagos in the Algarve, Major General SPENCER, on board her, wrote his dispatch to Viscount Castlereagh describing the Spanish insurrection and the surrender of the French at Cadiz.
SCOUT spent the summer of 1809 off the south coast of France. On the morning of 14 June 1809 Capt. RAITT sighted a convoy of 14 vessels under the protection of two gunboats rounding Cape Croisette, south of Marseille. He made all sail in chase of them but by the afternoon the wind dropped and he sent off the boats under Lieut. Henry BATTERSBY. Seven off the convoy made for a small harbour some 10 miles east of the Cape followed by the boats who came under grape and musket fire. A landing party stormed and captured the battery, spiked the guns and carried off the 7 vessels with loss of 1 killed and 5 wounded. Lieut. FARRANT; the master, Mr BATTEN and master's mate, Mr Thompson, volunteered to accompany Lieut. BATTERSBY in the boats.
The prizes were laden with wool, grain, leather, flour and cheese. Two of them he had to destroy after removing their cargoes, the others were sent into Port Mahon.
A similar attack was made on a battery at Carry-le-Rouet, 20 miles west of Marseille on 15 July by a party of seamen and marines under Lieut. BATTERSBY. The fort was carried without loss and the guns spiked. Five of the enemy were killed and seven made prisoners.
An enemy convoy off the south of France was chased by a major squadron of COLLINGWOOD's fleet in October 1809 and its escorts the ROBUST,84, and the LEON,74, were driven ashore and burnt on the 23rd. The BOREE and a frigate ran on shore at the entrance to Cette. The transports they were escorting took refuge in the Bay of Rosas under the protection of an armed store ship, two bombards and a xebec, eleven vessels in all. TIGRE, CUMBERLAND, VOLONTAIRE, APOLLO, TOPAZE, PHILOMEL, SCOUT and TUSCAN were appointed to bring them out and they anchored about 5 miles out. The boats went in on the 30th and by the following morning every enemy vessel had been either burnt or brought off. The officers in SCOUT's boats were Lieut. John TARRANT and Lieut. Hon. William WALDEGRAVE and midshipman DAVY of VILLE DE PARIS. The losses were very heavy in some of the boats but SCOUT and PHILOMEL had no casualties.
1811 Alex. Renton SHARPE, Mediterranean. On the morning of 1 May 1811 SCOUT joined the frigates UNITE and POMONE off Sagone Bay on the east coast of Corsica where three enemy ships were anchored under the protection of a battery with 4 guns and a mortar, a gun in a tower and some 20O troops with field guns on the heights above. They were the GIRAFFE,13, NOURICE,14, and a merchantman. Capt. SHARPE offered to take charge of a landing party but, in view of the strong force ashore, and there being no wind, Captain Robert BARRIE in POMONE decided to tow his ships in within grape-shot range of the enemy guns. The action lasted for one and a half hours without break until two of the French ships, which were loaded with wood for the naval arsenal at at Toulon, blew up. Sparks from one set fire to the battery which also blew up. The first lieutenant, William NEAME, the boatswain, James STEWART, and one seaman, John WALLACE, were wounded.
SCOUT left Gibraltar for home in October 1811 but she was put back by westerly winds and carrying away her main boom in a squall. She sailed again after repairs.
1813 James MURRAY, 1/13. Took the French privateer FORTUNE off Cagliari in the straits of Bonifacio on 17 February 1813. Armed with three guns and carrying 36 men she had beeN out of Tunis three days. 1815 ditto, Spithead. In July 1815 Lieut. S. HELLARD faced a court martial charged with having threatened to shoot or drown T. SMITH, who had deserted from SCOUT, if he ever returned, and with disrespect to Capt. MURRAY. He was most severely reprimanded and placed bottom of the lieutenant's list.
1816-17 Deptford 1818 Wm. RAMSDEN, 4/18, Deptford, for the Mediterranean.
SCOUT,18. (1832 Chatham. BU 1852) 1832 William HARGOOD, 7/32, At the end of 1832 SCOUT joined the blockade of the Dutch coast.[see ROVER] 1834 Hon. George GREY, 12/33, Mediterranean. 1836- Robert CRAIGIE, 12/35, Coast of Africa. On 11 Jan. 1837 CRAIGIE captured a Portuguese vessel carrying 576 slaves. 1840 Sheerness. Portsmouth.
SCYLLA. (1809 Topsham. 'Cruizer'. Disposal 1846) 1811 Arthur ATCHISON, cruising in Channel. SCYLLA was lying close under the Ile de Batz off Roscoff on the morning of 8 May 1811 when Capt. ATCHISON saw a brig escorting a convoy of 5 small vessels and he immediately gave chase. A couple of hours later he came within range and opened fire but, after a quarter of hour, he saw that the brig was attempting to run herself ashore, so he lay along side her althought they were both doing about 8 knots in an increasing wind and sea. They soon got possession of her but not before her captain, a midshipman, the Boatswain and three seamen were killed.
She proved to be the French national brig CANNONIERE, armed with ten 4-pounders, one 24-pounder carronade and four swivels and with a complement of 77 men. Commanded by Enseigne Jean Joseph Benoit Schilds, she was only two hours out of Perros-Guirec and was taking her convoy to Brest. Capt. ATCHISON was only able to capture one of the convoy, a sloop laden with wheat, the other four ran themselves ashore inside the rocks.
SCYLLA lost two men killed:- Thomas SHIELDS, captain of the after-guard, and David O'LEAN, ordinary seaman. Mr Thomas LIVER, mid- shipman, and Mathew VIVANON, marine, were slightly wounded.
1812 C. M'DONALD, Channel. At the beginning of May 1813 WHITING, with PHEASANT and SCYLLA in company, captured an American brig letter of marque FOX some 20O miles S.W. of Cape Clear after a chase of more than 10O miles. The FOX, which threw overboard two of her eight guns, was bound from Bordeaux to Philadelphia.
At one o'clock in the morning of 18 October SCYLLA, 180 miles west of Ushant, fell in with a French frigate apparently on her way to Brest. Although the enemy ship was under jury main and mizzen masts, Capt. MACDONALD judged it prudent to avoid action with such superior force but instead to shadow in the hope of meeting up with another British vessel. On 20 October he had the good fortune to meet with ROYALIST and together they made a joint attack on the frigate which proved to be the WESER,44. After nearly an hour and a half, both SCYLLA and ROYALIST were badly cut about and as they hauled off to repair their rigging RIPPON came up and WESER struck to her, being now in a crippled condition. SCYLLA had two men slightly wounded quarter-master's mate James WATTS and able-seaman Peter RATHBORNE.
1814 William Henry SMYTH, Messina with the Anglo-Sicilian flotilla. Early in 1814 SCYLLA was employed on a confidential mission to the Court of Naples at Palermo which was then wavering in its allegiance to Napoleon. On the night of 19 February the WHITBY transport which was moored within the mole head at Palermo caught fire. She was cut adrift and the wind, then blowing a gale, drove her through the lines of moored vessels until she grounded under the citadel. SCYLLA escaped the blaze and Lieut. SMYTH, coming offshore in a boat, was able to rescue a seaman who had jumped overboard from the transport. One of the moored vessels hit by the WHITBY was loaded with 120O barrels of gunpowder.
1815 George Bennet ALLEN, 7/6/14, convoy to Cork. ALLEN removed to RIFLEMAN on 22/8/15. 1816- 18 Portsmouth. 1820-24 Plymouth. 1825 George RUSSELL, 9/24, Jamaica. 1827 William HOBSON, 3/26, Jamaica. 1828 Portsmouth. 1830 John HINDMARSH, 3/30, Portsmouth, for the Mediterranean. 1832 Hon. George GREY, 9/31, Mediterranean. He removed to SCOUT on 10 December 1833. 1834 Paid off at Chatham on 8 March. 1836 Edward John CARPENTER, 12/34, N.A.W.I. 1838 Hon. Joseph DENHAM, 12/36, Lisbon. 1840- Plymouth. 1844 Robert SHARPE, 1/42, N.A.W.I.
SEAFLOWER,16. (Purchased in 1782. Captured 1808) 1799 Lieut. J. MURRAY, Channel. 180O ditto, Jersey. SEAFLOWER was eighteen miles to the southward of Guernsey on the morning of the 19 March 180O when a strange sail was sighted and, after a long chase of over ten hours, he captured the French privateer lugger CHASER nine miles off Cape Fahel. Commanded by Capt. Gillies she was ten days out from Raro without taking any prizes. She was armed with 14 carriage guns of which 9 were thrown overboard during the chase.
SEAFLOWER paid off at Plymouth on 31 August 1802 and was laid up in ordinary during the Peace of Amiens.
1803 Lieut. William Fitzwilliam OWEN, Plymouth, to the East Indies. He captured a French national ketch, the CHARLES, at the island of Rodriguez on 15 July 1806. In the following September he explored part of the Maldive Islands and on 10 November discovered a channel between Siberut and Sipora in the Mentawai Islands off the west coast of Sumatra. He named it after SEAFLOWER.
Rear-Ad. Sir Edward PELLEW's squadron left the island of Eugeino on the 23 November 1806 and passed through the Sunda Strait on the 26th when they captured a Dutch E.I.Co. brig MARIA WILHELMINA. The following morning SEAFLOWER navigated the squadron through the intricate channels to Batavia where she and the frigates entered the roads between the islands of Onrust and Java. Here the corvette WILLIAM struck to TERPSICHORE and a Dutch frigate, four brigs and two company ships ran themselves on shore as soon as they sighted the squadron. Since the shoal water prevented the British from anchoring sufficiently close to fire on the enemy vessels, three divisions of boats under Capt. Fleetwood PELLEW, Lieut. GROULE of CULLODEN and Lieut. OWEN were sent in under covering fire from TERPSICHORE and SIR FRANCIS DRAKE to destroy them. This was accomplished with the loss of only one man killed and four wounded. The prisoners, some 70O of them, were landed on parole. Ad.PELLEW had hoped to reward Lieut. OWEN's service by giving him command of the WILLIAM, prize, but unfortunately she had to be destroyed as she was unfit for his Majesty's service.
180I Lieut. P. STEWART, East Indies. On 20 November 1817 she left Malacca with Vice-Ad. Sir Edward PELLEW's squadron and they arrived off Java on 5 December. (see SAMARANG) 1811 Lieut. G. STEWART, Lisbon. 1812 ditto, Spithead. 1814- Portsmouth.
SEAFLOWER,4. Cutter. (1830 Portsmouth. BU 1866) 1831- Tender to DRYAD on the Coast of Africa. 1833 Lieut. John MORGAN, 8/32, Portsmouth. 1836- Lieut. Jos. ROCHE, 9/35, Portsmouth. 1840 Lieut. Nicholas ROBILLIARD, 1/39, Portsmouth. Recom. 12/41. 1846 Justus P. ROEPEL, 7/45, Portsmouth. 1848- Tender to the steam vessel CUCKOO at Portsmouth.
SEAGULL,16. (1795 Rotherhithe. Built of fir. Lost 1805) 1799 H. WRAY, 10/95, cruising. 180O T. LAVIE, Plymouth. She arrived in Plymouth from Guernsey on 9 January and sailed again on 25 March on a four week cruise. She cruised regularly in the Channel through 180O. 1801 Capt. BURROWS, Portsmouth. He returned from a cruise on 7 April and handed over to J. WAINWRIGHT who sailed for Jersey on the 14th. She was to sail regularly over this route through 1801-2. SEAGULL was nearly lost off Portland during a gale on Sunday 2 November when she had to throw all her guns overboard. She was on her way from Jersey to Portsmouth where she arrived on the 4th. 1802 Lieut. MURRAY.
1803 Henry BURKE, 5/02, refitting at Plymouth. She sailed from Plymouth on the 15 August 1803 with a convoy for Cork and on her return, some 20 miles off Corunna on the 25th, she fell in with the East Indiaman LORD NELSON which had been captured 13 days before by the French BELLONA and was being taken to the Spanish port by a prize crew consisting of a Lieut. Fougie and 41 men. Her passage had been followed by two small cutters, one a privateer, which had informed Capt. BURKE of her course. After a chase of 5 hours he brought her to action which continued though the night until daylight. When he found that SEAGULL's masts and rigging were badly cut up and that she had received two shots between wind and water he was obliged to pull off to do repairs. Lieut. Fougie struck his colours to SEAGULL as Capt. BURKE was about to resume action when COLUSSUS and TONNANT of Sir Edward PELLEW's force were sighted coming up. The LORD NELSON was boarded by boats from COLUSSUS and they found that five of her original crew had been serving the guns against SEAGULL. They were put in irons while protesting that they were Americans.
SEAGULL lost two seamen, William ARMSTRONG and Jeremiah FALLS, killed and Lieut. William DAVIS, marine William REYNOLDS, and seamen John THOMPSON, Thomas MANNELL, Joseph CRAGG, William ROCKETT, Patrick M'DONALD, James DRIMOND and Francis GREY, wounded.
On 28 September SEAGULL was warped down into the Sound and made signals to the masters of the four transports Nos. 28, 30, 31 and 35. These then made their way into the Sound with the 9th regiment of foot on board and the band playing "Croppies lie down." They all sailed at 4 P.M. and were soon clear of Penlee Point. She returned to Plymouth on 21 January 1804 in a hurricane which had been blowing since the 19th and had wrecked a number of vessels in the Sound.
On 17 July 1804 she sailed to Cork and on 6 August to the Downs returning to Plymouth on 29 August.
SEAGULL foundered sometime in May 1805, all lost.
SEAGULL,16. (1806 Dover. Capt. 1808) 1807 R. CATHCART, Downs. On 19 June 1808, some 20 - 25 miles E.S.E. of the Naze of Norway, CATHCART went in chase of a brig in shore and brought her to action. The wind dropped and he was obliged to get out his sweeps in order to get between the enemy and the shore but most of these were shot away by the Danish fire. After an hour four Danish gunboats with 24-pounders joined in and, in the flat calm, placed themselves on each quarter where they raked SEAGULL with every shot. Although SEAGULL held out for another hour, her sinking condition and the rising number of casualties at last forced her to strike. The 2nd lieutenant, Abraham Harcourt WHITE, the master, Mr A MARTIN, and 6 men were killed and Capt. CATHCART, the 1st lieutenant, Mr HATTON, the boatswain, Thomas WILSON, and 17 men were wounded (one mortally).
SEAGULL was taken inshore where she sank,(several Danes, including the LOUG's carpenter were drouned) but was later refloated and added to the Danish navy. CATHCART was detained as a prisoner in Norway until October 1808 and tried by court-martial on 21 October the same year aboard the PRINCESS OF ORANGE in the Downs when he was honourably acquitted of blame for the loss of his ship. He was promoted to post captain.
SEAGULL,16. (The French SYLPHE captured by COMET off Martinique on 11 August 1808. Sold 1814) 1811 - 1814 Plymouth.
SEAGULL,6. (1834 Chatham. Schooner completed as a brigantine. BU 1852) 1834- Lieut. John PARSONS, 6/34, Falmouth. 1845- Lieut. Henry P. DICKEN, 7/45, Falmouth. 1848 Lieut. James SMAIL, 3/48, Falmouth.
SEAHORSE,38. (1794 Rotherhithe. BU 1819) Capt. R.D. OLIVER, 6/96. Capt. G. OAKES, 12/96. Capt. S. FREEMANTLE, 7/97. Capt. Edward James FOOTE, 10/97. Sheerness.
On 13 May 180O SEAHORSE sailed from Portsmouth With Ad. Sir Richard BICKERTON and Generals Sir R. Abercrombie, Moore and Hutchison and th Hon. Col. Hope, with their suite, for the Mediterranean. She had the armed transports DOVER and CALCUTTA under convoy.
In December 180O SEAHORSE, MAIDSTONE, ALLIANCE, CHICHESTER, SERAPIS, PIQUE HARPY and DROMEDARY escorted through the Channel a vast convoy of nearly 550 ships bound for Oporto, the Straits, Lisbon and the West Indies. On the 10th a dead calm took them all aback off the Eddystone and, when the fog lifted about noon, spectators crowded the heights to see the whole horizon covered in sails.
On 14 August she returned to Portsmouth from a cruise off Havre and sailed again four days later with St. FIORENZO to attend on his Majesty at Weymouth. She was back on the 23rd and sailed again on 9 Sepember with the following ships under convoy:- ANN, CALEDONIA, GEN. STUART and MONARCH for Madras; NORTHAMPTON and SOVEREIGN for Bombay; SARAH CHRISTIAN and COMET for Bengal; MANSHIP for Ceylon and Bengal, and PRINCESS MARY for St. Helena and Bengal.
SEAHORSE left the Madras Roads to return to England on 31 May 1802 in company with ANNA and arrived at St. Helena on 21 August. When she sailed from there five days later there were no other ships at the island. SEAHORSE arrived back at Portsmouth on 4 October 1802. On the 8th she went into harbour to be paid off.
1803 Capt. Courtenay BOYLE. On 13 July 1803, in a fine breeze, SEAHORSE, ARROW, WASP and the storeship PREVOYANTE sailed from Portsmouth with a large convoy for Lisbon and the Mediterranean. Several outward bound Indiamen and Whalers sailed with them to join a convoy at Plymouth.
During the night of 10/11 July 1804 the boats of NARCISSUS (Lieut. Hyde PARKER), SEAHORSE (Lieut. John R. LUMLEY), and MAIDSTONE (Lieut. Ogle MOORE), the whole under the direction of Lieut. John THOMPSON of NARCISSUS, attacked, boarded and destroyed a dozen enemy vessels at La Vandour in Hyeres Bay.
The enemy were fully prepared and had secured the vessels on the beach under cover of a battery and musket fire from the houses of the town. Nevertheless one was towed out and the rest burnt. SEAHORSE lost one killed, Lieut. William Wiltshire of the marines, and five wounded, Lieut LUMLEY, Thomas Alex. WATT, midshipman, John WILLIAMS, able seaman and John Fisher and John Williams private marines.
Lieut. THOMPSON feared that Lieut. LUMLEY had been mortally wounded but Lord NELSON was able to report to the Admiralty on the 12th that, although he had had to suffer amputation at the shoulder joint, he was fast recovering. In all 4 were killed and 23 wounded.
On 4 May 1805 Capt. BOYLE learned that a Spanish convoy, laden with gunpowder and stores for the gunboats at Malaga, Ceuta and Algeciras, was on the coast to the westward of Cartagena. In the afternoon they were discovered from the masthead and seen to haul into St. Pedro, an anchorage to the eastward of Cape de Gatte, where they were protected by a fort, two schooners and three gun and mortar launches.
While SEAHORSE kept up a well directed covering fire, Lieut. DOWNIE in the 6-oar cutter assisted by Mr Thomas NAPPER, midshipman, in a 4-oared boat succeeded in capturing and bringing out the largest vessel, a brig laden with 1170 quintals of powder and other stores. SEAHORSE's gunfire sank one of the launches and several of the convoy but, with night coming on, light airs and damaged rigging, Capt. BOYLE thought it prudent to break off the attack. Among those who took part were Lieut. Ogle MOORE, Lieut. Charles Brown YONGE, Mr SPRATT, master, Lieut. Clarke of the marines and Lieut. Hagemeister of the Russian navy. SEAHORSE lost one seaman killed.
1805 Capt. Robert CORBETT, Mediterranean. Capt. John STEWART, 4/06. He superseded Capt. CORBETT, who had made an unauthorised trip to the West Indies, off Cadiz.
SEAHORSE was refitted at Sheerness and, in March 1807, was ordered back to the Mediterranean. While beating through the Straits of Dover in thick weather she struck on the Varne shoal and knocked off her false keel and rudder as she went over it. Capt. STEWART and Lieut. Thomas BENNETT were injured by a breaking hawser while attempting to rehang the rudder. She anchored for the night and the following day worked back into the Downs with a brig and a pilot cutter towed behind to enable her to steer. After temporary rudder had been fitted she made her way to Plymouth for permanent repairs and finally sailed for the Mediterranean with a convoy.
SEAHORSE called at Malta and at Messina where she took on board two long, brass 18-pounders in lieu of her four 9-pounders. (She also mounted twenty-eight iron 18-pounders and twelve 32-pounder carronades) She then joined Lord COLLINGWOOD with the fleet at Imbros near the entrance to the Dardanelles. After a week there the fleet moved over to Tenedos for more shelter from the southerly winds. At the end of August she was sent to examine Porto Trio in Paros to see if it was fit for sheltering a squadron.
On 17 September Capt. STEWART sailed for the Cyclades with orders to drive out the Ionian privateers which had been sailing under the Russian flag and were now preying on the islanders as pirates. This task was completed by the middle of October.
Capt. STEWART was subsequently senior officer in the Archipelago where he destroyed many small vessels. Although he was ordered to destroy the Turkish trade the Admiralty Courts would not condemn so he rather felt that he was wasting his time. But, when the Turks asked if he would interfere if they sent out a force to crush the Epirots who were making a prize of all vessels going to Constantinople, he replied that he would repel it. When the Turks did come out the Epirots sent word to Capt. STEWART at the island of Syra. He feared that the Turkish squadron might include line-of-battle ships but on the evening of 5 July 1808 he saw a large Turkish frigate and a corvette coming through the passage between the islands of Scopulo Killidroni, followed by a galley. Since this force seemed to be within his compass he waited until dark and then brought them to action. The enemy ships attempted to run them on board but Capt. STEWART manoeuvred to avoid this and dropped alongside the smaller ship and poured shot into her for about a quarter of an hour at half pistol-shot range. By the time they left her she was silent and had partially blown up forward. The action with the frigate lasted for a longer time before the enemy was silenced and Capt. STEWART decided to wait until daylight before taking possession. The next morning the Turkish colours were still on the stump of the mizzen mast so SEAHORSE fired a broadside into her stern, when she struck. She was the BADERE ZAFFER with 52 long brass guns - 24 pounders on the main deck plus two 42-pounders, 12-pounders on the quarterdeck and forecastle. She had on board 543 men, including some from the galley, and was commanded by Scanderli Kichue Ali. Of these 165 were killed and 195 wounded. The smaller ship was the ALIS FEZAN armed with twenty-four 12-pounders and two mortars and carrying 230 men. She rolled over and sank as the action with the frigate ended. SEAHORSE lost five killed and ten wounded.
SEAHORSE was thirty short of her establishment of 281 officers, men and boys. Her officers were Lieuts. George DOWNIE, Thomas BENNETT and Richard Glinn VALLACK; Thomas CURTIS, master, and Lieut. John COOK, R.M.
Capt. STEWART took his prize first to Miconi on the 9th, and then to Malta where the prisoners were set at liberty. Here a British diplomat, Mr Robert Adair, who had come out to renew discussions with Turkey, was embarrassed by the news. He embarked on board SEAHORSE on 3 September and they sailed to Tenedos to await the Turkish plenipotentiary and then to Barbieri Bay in the Straits. On the day before the first meeting an insurrection took place in Constantinople resulting in the slaughter of ten of fifteen thousand Turks and the burning of a third of the city.
A peace treaty was signed on 5 January 1809 and SEAHORSE proceeded to Constantinople where she remained for nearly three months. Capt. STEWART then visited Smyrna to see the British Factory re-established. When he returned to Malta Capt. STEWART received the naval medal from the Admiralty. Lieut. DOWIE was promoted to commander,(He was killed in action on Lake Champlain in September 1814) Mr William LESTER to lieutenant, Thomas HULLY to gunner. Mr George FLINTOF, purser, the boatswain and the carpenter were to be appointed to ships of higher rate.
SEAHORSE was next employed cruising between Corsica and the Italian coast. On 10 May 1809 the boats of SEAHORSE and HALCYON under Lieuts. BENNETT and PEARSE destroyed the enemy forts on the the small islands of Gianuti and Pianoza (Gianutri and Pianosa). About 10O of the enemy were made prisoner during four hours fighting for the loss of one marine killed and one wounded.
In the summer of 1811 SEAHORSE brought Lord Amherst and his family home from Palermo. As they were passing through the Channel only Lieut. BENNETT going on deck before daylight prevented them hitting the Varne Shoal for a second time.
SEAHORSE paid off at Woolwich to be repaired and refitted for foreign service. Capt. James Alexander GORDON was appointed to her in the autumn of 1812 after losing his leg in ACTIVE.
Capt. GORDON gave chase to the large French privateer lugger SUBTILE,16, on 13 November 1813. When she surrendered after 3 hours she was so damaged by shot that she sank. Only 28 of her crew could be saved.
SEAHORSE subsequently crossed the Atlantic to join Vice Ad. Sir Alexander COCHRANE. On 17 August 1814 Capt. GORDON, with EURYALUS, DEVASTATION, ETNA, METEOR, EREBUS and the ANNA MARIA tender under his orders, entered the Potomac to bombard Fort Washington some 10 miles below the capital. Without pilots they found the navigation through 'Kettle Bottoms' difficult and, with contrary winds, it took them ten days to reach Fort Washington. For five consecutive days they had to warp over a distance of 50 miles, each of the vessels going aground many times. The bombs opened fire on the fort on the evening of the 27th and the Americans were seen to retreat. The powder magazine blew up at eight o'clock and the following morning Capt. GORDON landed and took possession. Twenty-one heavy cannon and six field pieces were found, already spiked they were cmpletely destroyed. On the morning of the 29th he accepted the capitulation of Alexandria and twenty-one vessels taken as prizes were fitted out ready to be taken down river. When FAIRY arrived on the 31st to warn that the Americans were setting up batteries along the banks
SEAHORSE (1830 Pembroke Dock. Screw 1847. Sold 1902)
SEA-LARK,10. (1806 Brixham. Wrecked 1809) 1807 Lieut. R. YULE, Plymouth 1808 Lieut R. BANKES, North Sea. 1809 Lieut. James PROCTOR, North Sea. She was lost at sea on 18 June 1809.
SEALARK,10. (The American schooner FLY captured in 1810. Sold 1820) 1812- Lieut. Thomas WARRAND, Plymouth. On 21 July 1812 SEALARK was off Start Point when a signal was made from the station for an enemy in the S.E. quarter. Three hours later she came upon a large lugger flying English colours chasing after two large merchant ships sailing up the Channel and firing at them. When the lugger discovered that SEALARK was a British cruiser she made all possible sail and tried to escape but finding the schooner gaining on her she shortened sail and cleared for action.
Lieut. WARRAND, fearing that the lugger might escape, laid her on board between her fore and main chains and commenced an action using great guns and musketry for an hour and a half. When he saw that the enemy was on fire he directed Mr James BEAVOR, the acting-master, to board and carry her. She was the VILLE DE CAEN, Capt. Cocket, of 16 guns and 75 men belonging to St. Malo. She had sailed from Ile de Bas the previous day and had made no captures.
SEALARK's loss was severe. Seven men were killed:- Mr John PURNEL, captain's clerk; John BARGLEHOLE, boatswain' mate; Joseph CATTANO, Issac GOULD, Joseph HILL and Alexander BRODIE, seamen; Thomas MORGAN, marine. Twenty-two were wounded including Lieut. WARRAND and midshipman Alexander GUNN. On the lugger 15 men were found dead on the deck with the captain and 16 wounded.
Lieut. WARRAND was promoted and, on 15 August 1812, he was re-appointed to SEALARK which was rated as a sloop. 1815 Lieut. P. HELPMAN, Channel.
SEALARK,10. (1843 Portsmouth. Sold 1898) 1844- Thomas GOOCH, 10/43 Coast of Africa. 1848- William MONYPENNY, 12/47, Coast of Africa. In August 1848 SEALARK captured the brigantine SAN FRANCISCO as she was returning for a cargo of slaves at Gallinas. On 5 Sept. SEALARK chased a schooner to the limit of her station where the pursuit was taken up by BONETTA. She proved to be the LOUIZA carrying one of the most notorious slave dealers on the coast. Later in the month SEALARK and BONETTA captured the brig ACHILLES, fitted for shipping 10OO slaves.
SEINE,48. (Captured by JASON and PIQUE in the Channel on 29 June 1798. PIQUE grounded and had to be destroyed so Capt. MILNE removed his officers and crew into the prize. Wrecked in 1803) Capt. David MILNE, 10/98. 1799 Spithead. Convoy to Africa on 20 October.
180O West Indies. On the morning of 20 August he sighted an large enemy frigate standing northward through the Mona Passage and immediately gave chase in a very light breeze. When the wind shifted to the northward the enemy was obliged to tack as she could not weather Cape Raphael on the San Domingo shore , but then made all sail to the S.S.E. exchanging long range fire with SEINE which did damage to the sails and rigging of both ships.
Capt. MILNE managed to bring the enemy to close action on the 25th and after an hour and a half, during which time her fore-mast, mizen-mast and main-top-mast had fallen on board, an officer came out on her bowsprit to say that she had surrendered.
She was the French frigate VENGEANCE mounting twenty-eight 18-pounders on her main deck, sixteen 12-pounders and eight 42-pounder carronades on her quarter deck and forecastle. (French pounds). There were brass swivels on her gunwhales and shifting guns on her main and quarter-decks. Under the command of Capt. Pitot she was on passage from Curacoa to France and had several Generals and other officers of the French army on board.
Mr George MILNE, the second lieutenant, and twelve seamen were killed. Lieut. Archibald Macdonald of the marines, Andrew Barclay, Master, Mr HORNE, Captain's Clerk, twenty-one seamen, three marines and a boy were wounded. The other lieutenants were Mr CHEETHAM (1st) and Mr EDEVEAIR (3rd). Medals were awarded to the survivors in 1849. VENGEANCE was brought into Port Royal on the 27th with only 291 left out of her original complement of 453. She had 10 feet of water in her hold.
In December 180O Mr William Cunningham DALYELL, master's mate, was sent, as a prize-master, with nine men on board a Spanish schooner to take her into Jamaica. The vessel sprang a leak and sank during a gale but they managed to escape in a small boat with only what they stood up in and reached the western end of Cuba after rowing for eighteen hours. They could find no food or water so they launched the boat again and rowed until they were rescued by some fishing boats and landed near Cape Antonio. They were well treated by the local inhabitants and then taken to Havana as prisoners of war. Here Mr DALYELL received kind treatment from the governor of Moro castle until he was exchanged two months later. He was sent to New Providence and returned to SEINE on board ECHO.
The death of Lieut. Colin MACKENZIE on board SEINE at Port Royal was reported in London in February 1801. No date given.
SEINE returned to England on 12 March 1802 and was paid off at Chatham.
When hostilities against France resumed in 1803 Capt. MILNE was reappointed to SEINE. She was wrecked off the Texel during the night of Thursday 21 July 1803 due to the ignorance of the pilots.
SEINE,40. (The French EMBUSCADE captured on 12 October 1798 by Commodore Sir J.P. WARREN off Donegal. First named AMBUSCADE she was renamed SEINE in January 1804 after the original AMBUSCADE was recaptured in May 1803. BU 1813) As AMBUSCADE she returned from Jamaica and was paid off at the beginning of 1802 but was immediately re-commissioned by Capt. David ATKINS for the Jamaica station.
1805 During the afternoon of 30 April SEINE, with the assistance of the WINDSOR CASTLE packet she was convoying, captured the French privateer schooner PERSEVERANTE of Guadaloupe after a chase of 3 hours. The prize was three years old, fast-sailing and newly coppered. She was armed with four 4-pounders and one long 12-pounder and had 84 men on board when taken. The other six of her complement were in the English sloop APOLLO of Bermuda which she had captured.
On the morning of 27 May Lieut. Bland of SEINE's marines, in command of the barge, captured the Spanish schooner CONCEPTION of two long 6-pounders and six men. She had many passengers on board who joined in her defence and then escaped in a small boat when she surrendered. The prize was from Santa Maxta Martha laden with logwood. The nine prisoners appeared very sickly so Capt. ATKINS landed them immediately to avoid the spread of disease into the SEINE. Another capture was the Spanish schooner SAN IGNACIO.
On 18 June Lieut. Bland and Mr Edward COOK, midshipman, returned from a short cruise in the barge during which he destroyed a Spanish sloop and captured, after an action lasting three quarters of an hour, a large Spanish felucca, the CONCEPTION of two long 4-pounders and 14 men. She was laden with cocoa and cochineal and was bound from Porto Rico to Cadiz. The enemy had five men severely wounded.
1807 Channel. During the afternoon of 26 December SEINE captured the French privateer lugger SYBILLE. pieced for fourteen guns but having only one long gun on board apart from swivels and musketry. She was a new vessel and had made no captures in the five days she had been out from Morlaix.
1809 Capt. ATKINS captured the French privateer brig RODEUR during the evening of 26 October. She was armed with sixteen long 6-pounders with 121 men and was three days out of Bayonne bound on a cruise off the west coast of Ireland where she would have done a lot of mischief to British commerce. On 30th SEINE was chasing the French national corvette MILAN when Sir George COLLIER in SURVEILLANTE joined in and brought the enemy to after four hours thus claiming all the credit.
1810 With a small squadron, CHRISTIAN VII, SEINE and ARMIDE under Capt. Sir Joseph YORKE in the Basque Roads. On the night of 12 February, in thick blowing weather, eight boats, including two from SEINE, were sent to destroy a convoy of 10 sail which had got on the reef from the Point of Chatelaidon, between Aix and Rochelle. They were opposed by nine enemy gun-boats, each armed with 12-pound carronade and six swivels, and rowing from 20 to 30 oars.
The enemy were decoyed away from their shore defences and fled when the British boats turned towards them. Three chasse marees were captured and destroyed.
Capt. ATKINS lost his life when DEFENCE was wrecked in December 1811
1811 Capt. R. SKEENE, Downs. Capt. James HATLEY, 2/11, Quebec.
1812 out of commission at Deptford.
SEINE,38. The French CERES captured off the Cape Verde Islands by NIGER and TAGUS on 6 January 1814. BU 1823) Out of commission at Chatham.
SEMIRAMIS,36. (1808 Deptford. BU 1844) 1808 Capt. William GRANGER, coast of Spain. 1810 Capt. Charles RICHARDSON, 4/10, Lisbon, where he exchanged out of CAESAR. On the afternoon 24 August 1811 DIANA and SEMIRAMIS were standing towards the Cordovan lighthouse when four sail were sighted inside the shoals at the mouth of the Gironde under the escort of a national brig of war. Another brig was stationed under the batteries at Royan. Three boats from DIANA and four boats under the orders of Lieuts. Thomas GARDNER, Percy GRACE, NICHOLSON and Mr Henry RENEAU, master's mate, from SEMIRAMIS were sent to attack the convoy which had anchored some four miles up river and this was accomplished late in the night. The following morning the two ships attacked the brigs. DIANA ran one on board and found that she was the ex-British TEAZER. SEMIRAMIS ran the other, a 16-gun brig PLUVIER, ashore under the guns and burnt her. SEMIRAMIS had Lieut. GARDNER; Robert ANNESLEY, captain's coxswain, and Archibald M'ERVING, ordinary seaman, wounded. With most of the officers in the boats Lieut. Ingram Taylor R.M. commanded the main deck and the purser, Mr Richard BRICKWOOD the quarter deck guns.
At daylight on 29 February 1812 SEMIRAMIS fell in with an enemy cruiser and, after a chase of six hours, captured the privateer brig GRAND JEAN BART of St. Marlo. Armed with 14 guns and carrying 106 men she was on her second cruise. She had outsailed several frigates and, confident of her superiority, she allowed Capt. RICHARDSON to approach too near so that cutting away anchors and boats could not save her.
1814 Cape of Good Hope. SEMIRAMIS was paid off at Portsmouth on 29 August 1814. 1815- out of commission at Portsmouth. 1817 (42 guns) Capt. Sir James Lucas YEO, 10/17, coast of Africa. 1820 out of commission at Portsmouth. On 10 November 1821 Rear Ad. Lord COLVILLE hoisted his flag in SEMIRAMIS as C. in C. on the Irish station. with Capt. Thomas HUSKISSON, 11/21, as his flag captain.
1822 Capt. Peter RIBOULEAU, 2/22, Cork. 1825 Capt. Robert ROWLEY, 4/25, Cork. Flagship of Rear Ad. PLAMPIN. 1828 (24 guns) Capt. Maurice F. F. BERKELEY, 5/28, Cork. Flagship of Sir Charles PAGET. 1831 out of commission at Plymouth. 1832 out of list. 1833- Ordinary Depot at Plymouth.
SENTINEL (sometimes CENTINEL),12. gunbrig (Purchased 1804. Lost 1812) 1805 Lieut. W. CHESTER, Downs. 1807 Lieut. William Elletson KING, Harwich. 1808 ditto, North Sea.
On 20 October 1809 a man went into Mr Tumey's grocery shop in Chatham and made some purchases and asked if he could be given the difference on a quarterly pay-bill. Since the bill was for L14.9.6d the grocer sent it to the bank who returned it because the payee's name was blank. The customer then filled in the name W. Bell and the bank sent over the money which Mr Tumey handed over, less L1.6.Od. The customer asked for his parcels to be sent to Dr Bell at the Chest Arms in Chatham. The same man arrived at the Chest Arms the following night and claimed the parcels, he then took a place in the Canterbury night coach under the name of Richards.
At the Kent assizes on 21 March 1810 William RICHARDS, surgeon's mate of SENTINEL, was indicted for forging a quarterly pay-bill belonging to W. BELL, the surgeon's mate of the MANLEY gunbrig. The above events were described by witnesses and the jury found him guilty.
In October 1812 SENTINEL was escorting a convoy through the Baltic. After being unable to see land for 36 hours due to the thick weather she, and the whole of the convoy, were driven by the violence of the sea on to the north-east end of the Island of Rugen. In spite of the enemy firing muskets at them from the cliffs, Lieut. KING managed to bring all his people off safely and completely destroy the gunbrig. At a court martial held on board ZEALOUS off Gottenborg on 21 October 1812, the lieutenant and his officers were acquitted of any blame.
SERAPIS,44 (1779 Rotherhithe. Captured 1779 and transferred to French Navy.) Launched 4 March 1779. Capt. Richard PEARSON. During the late afternoon of 23 Sept. 1779 SERAPIS and the hired armed vessel COUNTESS OF SCARBOROUGH were off Flamborough Head escorting a convoy of 41 sail from the Baltic when they encountered a American squadron consisting of BONHOMME RICHARD, John Paul Jones, PALLAS and the corvette ALLIANCE. Jones ordered his ships to form line of battle, but neither paid much attention, as he attempted to attack the convoy but SERAPIS intercepted him and the convoy tacked and escaped intact. The COUNTESS OF SCARBOROUGH was engaged by PALLAS and surrendered to her after two hours with seven guns disabled and 24 casualties.
The action between BONHOMME RICHARD and SERAPIS started after sunset, the two ships broadside to broadside, each trying to gain the advantage and rake the other. The heavier metal of SERAPIS drove in the side of Jones`s ship, rendered the helm useless and and the poop supported only by a shattered piece of timber. His 18 pounders and 9-pounders were soon out of action. When PEARSON called across,"Has your ship struck?" Jones replied "I have not yet begun to fight." Watchers on Flamborough Head and at Scarborough could see the two ships break apart and then entangle, still firing at each other. Jones used his three 9-pounders against SERAPIS`s main mast and his sharpshooters in the fighting tops swept the British decks. Both ships were frequently on fire and RICHARD had 5 feet of water in the hold. PEARSON tried to break loose so that he could stand off and use his full battery while Jones struggled to keep close and prevent him. At 10 p.m. a Scottish sailor on RICHARD (according to Jones) crawled along the main yard with a basket of grenades and dropped one through the main hatchway of SERAPIS into bags of gunpowder causing a violent explosion; at the same time her main mast went overboard. RICHARD`s gunner called for quarter and the British prisoners held below were released. Jones rapped the gunner on the head with a pistol and ordered the prisoners, who could have turned the tide for the British as they poured on deck, to work the pumps. PEARSON lost his nerve first and surrendered and Jones transferred his flag to SERAPIS. During the action ALLIANCE fired more shots at Jones`s force than she did at the enemy Although they worked to save RICHARD, she sank the next morning. SERAPIS was rigged with jury masts and ten days later reached the Texel. After being blockaded there for some weeks, Jones sailed in ALLIANCE. Passing within sight of the English squadron in the Downs, he cleared the Channel and entered Corunna on 16 January 1780. On his return to France he found that SERAPIS had been sold at L`Orient. He and Dr. Franklin went to Versailles but were received very coldly by the Minister of the Marine, although Jones was presented to the King the following day. SERAPIS was eventually bought and refitted for the French navy and sent to the Indian Ocean under Lieutnant de Vaisseau Roche. She was accidently burnt at St. Marie de Madagascar in July 1781 when an open light was dropped into a a tub of brandy. John Paul Jones returned to America in the borrowed French ship ARIEL,20. Captain PEARSON was knighted for his gallantry. There are various estimates of the number of crew and the casualties on both sides.
SERAPIS,44. (1782 Bristol. Sold 1826) 1795 Storeship. 1799 C. DUNCAN, master, Spithead for Lisbon. 1801 Floating battery. 1803 Storeship, servicable but out of commission at Deptford.
1804 On 25 April she was with Commodore Samuel HOOD off the Surinam River after a passage of 20 days from Barbados. The fleet had on board nearly 20OO troops and, faced with this force, the Dutch capitulated two days later.
1805 Sheerness. 1807 W. LLOYD, master. - Spithead. Sailed for Cape of Good Hope on 7 April 1808. - 1811 Woolwich. Later out of commission at Portsmouth. Sold at Jamaica in July 1826.
SERINGAPATAM,46. (1819 Bombay. BU 1873) 1820 Capt. William WALPOLE. He brought her home, loaded with the frame of another ship of the same class, and arrived in England on 16 October 1820.
Capt. Samuel WARREN, 12/20, Mediterranean. He was one month off his fifty-first birthday when he was appointed to her. SERINGAPATAM conveyed Sir Benjamin Bloomfield, Ambassador to the Swedish court, to Stockholm in the summer of 1823. She was paid off at Portsmouth on 5 February 1824. Her officers presented Capt. WARREN with a gold snuff-box, value 30 guineas, as a token of their admiration and respect.
1824 Capt. Charles SOTHEBY, 5/24, Mediterranean. In May 1825 Capt. SOTHEBY, accompanied by ALACRITY, demanded satisfaction from the Bey of Rhodes, after some Egyptian troops had attacked the house of the British consul and stolen 11,OOO piatres. The Bey, whilst admitting the act, refused to make restitution so Capt. SOTHEBY embarked the consul and his family. When no answer to an ultimatum was received a shot was fired into the Bey`s house and this produced an immediate response. The consul returned home and ALACRITY was left to ensure his continuing safety.
In September 1826 the boats of SERINGAPATAM, under Lieut. William BURNETT, and a party of royal marines under Lieut. Parker, captured and destroyed three pirate vessels at Andros without loss to themselves.
1828 Cork. 1829 Capt. Hon. William WALDEGRAVE, 2/29, South America. 1833- Sheerness.
1848 James RUSSELL, Master, 5/48, Coal Depot at Cape of Good Hope.
SERPANTON,6. (Spanish schooner captured by SURVEILLANTE in March 1806 and used as a tender) 1806 Lieut. Eaton TRAVERS. See SURVEILLANTE.
SERPENT,16. (1789 Portsmouth. Lost 1806) 1799 T. ROBERTS, West Indies. 180O ditto, Portsmouth. SERPENT and RAILLEUR arrived at Falmouth on 26 March with coasters from Ireland under convoy. She was employed as a convoy escort and as a Channel cruiser until the peace of Amiens. On 27 July 1801 she sailed from Portsmouth for Cork.
Capt. ROBERTS was reprimanded by a court martial in September 1801 for leaving a Cork convoy due to an error in judgment. On the 29 November Mr William MATTHEW, the gunner of SERPENT was found guilty of drunkeness and sentenced to be publicly reprimanded on board his ship.
On 4 July 1802 orders were received at Portsmouth for SERPENT, BULLDOG and SWAN to be put in commission. 1803 Portsmouth. 1805 John WALLER, convoy to the West Indies 17 May. On 28 November 1805 SERPENT was off the island of Bonecce when two vessels were seen approaching from the north-east. Because they were far to windward he maintained his course to Trujillo Bay confident that they would meet again later. At two o'clock the following morning the two did indeed round the point of the Bay, one was a felucca and the other, although felucca rigged forward, had a schooner sail aft. The boats were launched under the second lieutenant, William PATFULL and master's mate Charles TRACE in the launch, and midshipman Samuel NISBETT and the Purser, Thomas SCRIVEN, in the cutter. They attacked the largest, which proved to be a schooner built guarda costa, ST. CHRISTO VIL PANO, and succeeded in boarding and carrying her in spite of fire from her guns. Lieut. PATFULL went after the other vessel in the launch but she succeeded in escaping in the dark by sweeping round the other side of the bay close to Lukes Keys and sheltering under the fort at Trujillo.
The captured vessel was armed with one long traversing 18- pounder, two 4-pounders and four brass 3-pounders. Her commander, Don Juan Christovel Tierro, and twenty-five of his forty man crew escaped by swimming ashore
SERPENT foundered during September 1806.
SERPENT,16. brig. (1832 Limehouse. Target 1852, BU 1862) 1834 John SYMONDS, 10/32, N.A.W.I. 1835 Evan NEPEAN, 4/35, N.A.W.I. Jan 1836 ordered home. 1837-8 Richard Warren, 10/36, N.A.W.I. 1840 Hon. Robert GORE, 5/39, N.A.W.I. 1842- William NEVILL, 11/41, East Indies. 1848 Portsmouth. 1850 Charles Barker, 9/49, East Indies.
SEVERN,44. (1786 Bristol. Wrecked 1804) 1799 Woolwich. 180O Capt. J. WHITBY. On 26 April 180O SEVERN and SCORPION sailed from Portsmouth with a large convoy for the West Indies. They were accompanied by AMAZON for the first part of the voyage.
1802 Capt. BARKER, Jamaica. SEVERN returned to England at the end of November.
1804 Armed en flute. Capt. Philip d'AUVERGNE, Prince of Bouillon, Jersey. In December SEVERN, lying in Grouville Bay, Jersey, was damaged in a gale which broke her rudder and one fluke of her anchor and injured her bottom. It was intended that she should return to England for repairs and on the 19th THISBE, at Guernsey received orders to take a new anchor and cable to Jersey for SEVERN. However THISBE was damaged when she was fouled by NIOBE and a gale coming up she was obliged to use SEVERN's cable to prevent her drifting on to rocks. However during the same gale on the night of the 19th which blew from the N.E. directly on to the land, SEVERN lost her masts, parted all anchors and drove on shore. The tide was out and she was seen drifting on rocks at the edge of the sand nearly a mile out, while the commander on board, Lieut. d'AUVERGNE, the brother of the Prince, endevoured to turn her head off. Some of the local inhabitants and the soldiers from the garrison, wading up to their knees in water, tried to drag boats across the sand in a vain attempt to reach the ship. It was not until two boats from ALCMENE, riding out the storm to windward, managed to get ropes from the SEVERN to the shore that the people on board, more than 30O, could be got off to safety. When she was carried closer inshore by the spring tide parties from the 18th and 69th regiments were employed getting her stores out as she lay wrecked, high and dry on the sand. Fortunately no lives were lost. ALCMENE went round to St. Helier when the weather moderated.
SEVERN,50. (1813 Blackwall. Sold 1825)
SHAMROCK,8. Schooner. (1803) 1809 Lieut. Abram BOWEN. During December 1809 she was lost during a voyage from Halifax to Barbados.
SHAMROCK,8. Schooner. (1808 Bermuda. Lost 1811) 1811 Lieut. Wentworth Parsons CROKE. On 25 February 1811 she was wrecked on Cape St Mary.
SHAMROCK,12. Gunbrig. (1812 Lynn, Harbour Service 1831. Sold 1867) 1812 Lieut. Andrew Pellet GREEN, who first commissioned her in November. During the winter she was employed on the Downs station. On 20 March 1813 Capt. John M'KERLIE was directed to take command of a flotilla at Heligoland with the object of inspiring the inhabitants around the Elbe to resist the French. SHAMROCK was placed under his orders in April. On 18 March Hamburg was occupied by Russian troops but recaptured by the French on 30 May. During this time the flotilla operated in the Ems, Elbe, Weser and Jade. Capt. M'KERLIE was replaced by Capt. Arthur FARQUHAR in October and at the end of November Capt. GREEN collected the flotilla at Bremer-lehe to cooperate with the Russian troops under Col. Radinger. On the 29th, while the gunboats and the Russian field-pieces bombarded French positions at Cuxhaven, Capt. GREEN, who had been superseded but remained as a volunteer, and Capt. BANKS of BLAZER landed six 18-pounders, two 32-pounders and two 6-pounders. By the following day they had erected a formidable battery within 40O yards of the enemy works. When the morning mist cleared the enemy asked for a truce and surrendered their batteries.
1814 Lieut. John MARSHALL, appointed on 11 November 1813 while SHAMROCK was employed off Cuxhaven. He was sent up the Elbe with a detachment of gunboats to watch the enemy at Gluckstadt and on Sunday the 19 December 1813 he saw a detachment of the Swedish army under Baron de Boye advancing on the town and reported the fact to Capt. FARQUHER in DESIREE who was at the mouth of the Elbe with BLAZER. The weather was too thick for them to move but when Capt. MARSHALL reported that the Swedes had attacked the Stoar battery below the town and that the French had retreated to the fortress after spiking their guns, FARQUHER came up the river during the night in a gunboat. The frigate and the brig arrived on the morning of the 23rd.
The squadron off Gluckstadt then consisted of DESIREE, SHAMROCK, BLAZER, HEARTY, PIERCER, REDBREAST and eight gunboats. (No.1 Lieut. HAMMER; No.2 Mr Thomas RICHES, mate; No.3. Lieut. SEALE; No.4 Lieut. TULLOCK; No.5 Mr John HALLOWES; No.8 lieut. SOPER; No.10 Lieut. ROMNEY and No.12 Lieut. HENDERSON)
The same day, in preparation for the attack on the fortress, two 32-pounders from DESIREE were landed to form a battery and manned by marines and seamen under the command of Capt. Andrew GREEN. DESIREE could not approach within gunshot of the fortress so on the morning of the 26th, after two long 18-pounders from DESIREE had been placed in each brig, an attack was made on the fortress by the brigs and gun- boats under the direction of Capt. MARSHALL and this was continued for two more days. Since the fortress still held out more guns were landed and on the 1 January a tremendous attack was made by these, the Swedish guns and those of the brigs and gunboats which lasted all day. The garrison surrendered on the 5 January to Baron Gustavus de Boye, General of the Crown Prince of Sweden's army and Capt. FARQUHER. The only casualties in the British vessels were in BLAZER, HEARTY, REDBREAST and gunboat No.2.
On 9 January 1814 SHAMROCK forced her way through the ice into Cuxhaven harbour and took posession of a brig and seven gunboats belonging to the Danes. She then sailed to Kiel to lay claim to vessels and stores captured there. As soon as the ice broke up in March she returned to Cuxhaven to join BLAZER while her only lieutenant, James EDGECOMBE, commanded six gunboats at the siege of Hamburg. Capt. MARSHALL was promoted to post rank on 7 June 1814.
1815 Charles ASKEW, Cork Station. 1816 Plymouth. 1817- Lieut. WHITE, 1/17, Channel, as a survey vessel.
SHANNON,32. (1796 Deptford. Sold 1802) Built of fir. Capt. Alex FRASER, 2/96. On the morning of 15 January 1799 SHANNON captured a ship privateer GRAND INDIEN out of Granville after a chase of 7 hours in a heavy sea. She was armed with eight 18-pounder brass carronades and two long 12-pounders. Because of the weather Capt. FRASER accompanied his prize into the Cove of Cork.
Capt. G.D. Pater, 4/99, Falmouth.
SHANNON,1. Gunboat. 1799- Lieut. G. PERRY, River Shannon.
SHANNON,36. (1803 Frindsbury. Lost 1803) 1803 Capt. Edward Leverson GOWER. On 10 December 1803 SHANNON was wrecked near La Hogue and burnt.
SHANNON,38. (1806 Frindsbury. Receiving ship 1832) 1806 Capt. Philip Bowes Vere BROKE was appointed to her in June from DRUID, but still being at sea, he did not join until 14 September. When her crew were completed she joined Commodore OWEN's squadron off Boulogne and took part in the Congreve rocket bombardment of that town on 8 October.
1807 The Greenland whale ships had been attacked by a squadron of French frigates during the previous season so, in April, SHANNON, with MELEAGER in company, was sent to cruise off Greenland to protect the fishery. They sailed from Yarmouth on 26 April, and, learning that the fleets were mainly off Spitzbergen, proceeded there. On 7th May they encountered ice but pushed through to reach the southern part of Spitzbergen on 17 June. They surveyed the Bay of Magdalena at 80deg N. on 23 April, then reached 80deg 6min N. before being stopped by ice. This being the highest latitude reached by a regular warship. Turning to the west the coast of Greenland was reached on 23 July. On 23 August they arrived in Leith Roads, provisioned, and then sailed for Shetland where they cruised until 20 September. SHANNON, separating from MELEAGER, anchored in Yarmouth on the 25th, arrived in the Downs on the 28th, and sailed for Spithead for a refit.
When the Portuguese Government declared war on Great Britain at the end of 1807 SHANNON joined Sir Samuel HOOD's expedition, four sail of the line and three frigates, against Madeira which sailed from Plymouth on 30 November. Their first port of call was Cork where they were joined by ALCESTE and SUCCESS, frigates, and seventeen transports with 3,500 troops, in addition to the 1500 marines and seamen. COMUS, which had been sent to reconnoitre the island, joined on 23 December. The Governor surrendered the island as soon as the squadron entered Funchal Roads. Capt. BROKE was ordered to convoy the transports back to England. They sailed on 14 January 1808 and anchored in Plymouth on 7 February.
In November 1808 SHANNON took the French frigate THETIS,44, in tow after she had been captured by Capt. SEYMOUR in AMETHYST,36, off the north-west point of Groa.
1809 With the Channel Fleet. She captured the French privateer cutter POMMEREUIL,14, after a long chase to leeward on 27 January. Her 60 men were commanded by Felix d'Allemende and in the 14 days she had been out from Havre de Grace she had only captured a transport with troops which she released. Capt. BROKE sent the prize into Plymouth.
On 1 June 1811 she was docked at Plymouth and re-coppered, then sent to Portsmouth to complete for foreign service.
On 30 July, with HYACINTH, Capt. BROKE sailed for Lisbon with a large convoy. At Lisbon he opened sealed orders which ordered him to detatch HYACINTH and the convoy to Gibraltar, and sail SHANNON to Halifax, which was reached on 24 September.
On 5 July 1812 Capt. BROKE with AFRICA, BELVIDERA and AEOLUS under his command (the squadron later included GUERRIERE) was ordered by Vice-Ad. SAWYER to blockade American ports. On the 16th he captured the American brig NAUTILUS,16, off Sandy Hook. With a crew of 106 men under Capt. Crane she was 24 hours into an unfruitful cruise from New York. The same evening the squadron gave chase to the American frigate CONSTITUTION,56, which was on her way from Chesapeake Bay to New York. After a chase of 65 hours, during which both pursued and pursuers had to tow and warp, the BELVIDERA came within gun shot of the enemy on the afternoon of the 17th but a lucky breeze and a clean bottom enabled CONSTITUTION to make her escape.
Capt. BROKE then sailed to meet the home bound Jamaican convoy which was under threat from an American squadron under Commodore Rogers which had sailed from New York to intercept it. He saw the convoy safely over the Great Banks then returned to the American coast to attack merchant shipping. SHANNON arrived in Halifax on 20 September to victual and water. While she was here Sir John WARREN arrived from England to become Commander in Chief.
SHANNON and the BREAM schooner were then sent to Sable Island to rescue the crew of the BARBADOES which had been wrecked there and to save the specie she had been carrying. While on this mission SHANNON captured an enemy privateer which she brought into Halifax.
During a subsequent cruise with TENEDOS, NYMPHE and CURLEW under his orders, Capt BROKE captured the American privateer brig THORNE on 31 October. She was armed with eighteen long 9-pounders and, with a crew of 140 men, was on her first cruise; three weeks out of Marblehead.
Sir John WARREN spent the winter of 1812 at Bermuda leaving Capt. BROKE in command of the squadrons on the coasts of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and New England. In December he escorted a homebound convoy half way across the Atlantic and returned round the Azores.
1813 On 21 March Capt. OLIVER in VALIANT,74, relieved him of the command of the northern station. When SHANNON and TENEDOS were separated from the rest of the squadron in a gale they steered for Boston reaching there on 2 April. When they returned to the squadron to report the presence of CONGRESS, PRESIDENT and CONSTITUTION in the harbour, the CHESAPEAKE entered Boston through the eastern channel. Capt. CAPEL in HOGUE,74, in command of the squadron, ordered SHANNON and TENEDOS to watch close inshore while the rest cruised in the offing.
On 16 May they chased on shore near Cape Ann Town a large armed ship under American colours. After anchoring close to her and firing a few shots to disperse the militiamen who were assembling, Lieut. George WATT of SHANNON brought her off without loss. She proved to be the French corvette-built privateer INVINCIBLE,16, which had been captured in the Bay of Biscay by by MUTINE on 17 April and retaken by the American privateer ALEXANDER. (ALEXANDER was driven ashore off Kenebank by RATTLER on 19 May.) Capt. BROKE sent her into Halifax.
On 25 May he took provisions and water from TENEDOS and detached he with orders to rejoin on 14 June.
On 1 June Capt. BROKE sent a challenge to Capt. James Lawrence of the USS CHESAPEAKE, which was then refitting in Boston, offering single ship combat. The boat manned by a discharged American prisoner, Mr Slocum, had not reached the shore with the challenge when CHESAPEAKE was seen under way. She was flying three American ensigns and a large white flag at the fore inscribed 'Free Trade and Sailor's Rights'. The two ships met at half past five in the afternoon 20 miles east of Boston lighthouse between Cape Ann and Cape Cod. SHANNON was flying a a rusty blue ensign at the peak and and her outside appearance suggested that she would be an easy opponent.
SHANNON scored the first hit when William MINDHAM, gun captain of one of her starboard 18-pounders fired two round shot and a bag of musket balls which hit an American gunport. After exchanging two or three broadsides in which the enemy's decks were cleared by grape and round shot from SHANNON's 32-pounder carronades, the CHESAPEAKE fell on board SHANNON, lying athwart her starboard bow and caught by one of SHANNON's anchors. This exposed the American main-deck to a tremendous fire from SHANNON's after guns through the port holes leaving many killed and wounded. A small open cask of musket cartridges abaft the mizen-mast of the CHESAPEAKE blew up and as the smoke cleared away Capt. BROKE gave the order to board.
The boatswain, Mr STEVENS, lost an arm as he attempted to lash the two ships together and the purser, Mr G. ALDHAM, and the clerk, Mr John DUNN, were killed as they led a party of small-arm men over a gangway. In four minutes the Americans called for quarter although the first lieutenant, Mr George T.L. WATT, was shot in the forehead by a grape-shot as hoisted the British colours. Capt. BROKE received a severe sabre wound as he charged a party of the enemy who had rallied on the forecastle and he was forced to hand control of the SHANNON to Lieut. WALLIS. As he sat wounded the captain was able to save the life of a young American midshipman who slid down a rope from the fore-top.
Lieut. Charles Leslie FALKINER, who headed the main-deck boarders, took command of the prize.
While the two yard arms were locked together, Mr COSNAHAM, who commanded the main-top, laid out on the main yard-arm to fire on the enemy and killed three of them. Mr SMITH, in the fore-top, stormed the enemy fore-top over the yard-arm and killed all the Americans there. SHANNON lost 23 slain and 56 wounded.
CHESAPEAKE lost about 60 killed, including the four lieutenants, the master and many other officers. Capt. Lawrence was mortally wounded by fire from SHANNON's fore-top and had been carried below before boarding commenced. A similar number were wounded.
A large cask of unslaked lime stood open on CHESAPEAKE's forecastle and a bag of the same in the fore-top. The intention was to throw handfulls into the eyes of SHANNON's men as they attempted to board. This was regarded as unfair and dishonourable by the British sailors. SHANNON's midshipmen during the action were Messrs. SMITH, LEAKE, CLAVERING, RAYMOND, LITTLEJOHN and SAMWELL. The latter was the only other officer wounded. Mr ETOUGH, the acting master, conned the ship into action. Lieuts. WALLIS and FALKINER were both promoted to commander and Messrs. ETOUGH and SMITH to lieutenant. In the following November Capt. BROKE was made a Baronet and the Court of Common Council of London awarded the freedom of the city and a sword worth 10O guineas. Other presentations included a piece of plate worth �750 and a cup worth 10O guineas.
SHANNON went into the action with 276 officers seamen and marines of her proper complement; 8 recaptured seamen; 22 Irish labourers who had been 48 hours in the ship, and of whom only 4 could speak English, and 24 boys, of whom about 13 were under 12 years of age.
On her return to England SHANNON was found unfit for further service.
SHARK,16. sloop (1780 Hull. Foundered 1818)
1784 V. EDWARDS, North Sea.
1795 J. O'BRYEN, for Newfoundland June 9th.
1797 Sheerness, in ordinary. 180O P.B.V. BROKE, Channel. 1803 S.B. HERRING, Jamaica.
1807 used as a receiving ship for entering volunteers or pressed men and receiving supernumerary seamen, this small sloop became nominally Vice Ad. James DACRE's flag ship at Port Royal, Jamaica, first with Capt. P. DOUGLAS and then, at the end of the year, Capt. J. RAKER as his flag captain.
1808 Isaac Hawkins MORRISON, 10 June, Jamaica.
1810 Edmund DENMAN, who had been flag lieutenant aboard Vice-Ad. ROWLEY's POLYPHEMUS, was appointed to SHARK by him in December 1809 and this was confirmed by the Admiralty on 17 February 1810.
1812 John GORE, Jamaica. (Commander Oct. 10th.) SHARK captured two schooners, LOUISA and ST. ANNA, both from San Domingo, on 22 November 1812.
1816 Alexander CAMPBELL, He was appointed to SHARK as a lieutenant in May 1815 and promoted to command her on 6 October when she bore the flag of Rear Ad. John DOUGLAS at Jamaica.
1817 Lieut. Charles Newton HUNTER, Jamaica. Convalescent Ship SHARK was wrecked in Port Royal harbour on 13 January 1818.
SHARPSHOOTER,14. Gunbrig. (1805 Brightlingsea. Sold 1816) 1806 Lieut. John GOLDIE, Channel. On 9 September 1806 CONSTANCE, in company with SHARPSHOOTER and STRENUOUS, drove a French frigate ashore near Cape Frehel [see STRENUOUS] 1808 Lieut. R.H. RUBIDGE, Spithead. SHARPSHOOTER, FIRM and the cutter SURLY were off the French coast near Granville at noon on 20 April 1810 when a cutter was seen steering inshore. They gave chase and at 4 o'clock she ran on shore in the mouth of the Piron. The boats were sent in she was brought out by Sub-lieutenant HODGKINS of FIRM and 2nd master LAGAW of SHARPSHOOTER who laid out an anchor to heave her off under the musket fire of about 40O troops who had joined the French crew on the beach. The cutter was the privateer ALCIDE whose four 4-pounders had been thrown overboard during the chase.
1811 Lieut. J. GOLDIE, Jersey. 1812 ditto, Channel. 1814 ditto, cruising. 1815 ditto, Spithead. 1816 Woolwich.
SHEARWATER. (1808 Newcastle. 'Cherokee'. Sold 1832) 1809 Edward Reynolds SIBLY, 29/5/09, fiting out at Chatham for the Mediterranean station. On 20 July 1810 SHEARWATER and the frigate EURYALUS were employed in watching a French convoy and a frigate which had been forced to take refuge in Bandol when a division of the Toulon fleet consisting of six sail of the line and four frigates attempted to cut them off. Captain Henry BLACKWOOD with WARSPITE, AJAX and CONQUEROR, all 74s, came to their rescue and engaged the head of the French line frustrating their intentions. SHEARWATER was repeatedly fired on by a French line-of battle ship but received no hits. 1814 W.R.SMITH, Mediterranean - Jamaica. 1820 John Walter ROBERTS, 4/20, St. Helena, Cape of Good Hope and Mauritius. ROBERTS had to jettison all her guns to save the ship during a gale. Paid off in Portsmouth at the beginning of 1822. 1822-30 Portsmouth.
SHEERNESS,10. (Hired cutter) 1801 Lieut. J. H. TALBOT, Channel. See LADY CHARLOTTE for details of an action off the South Devon coast on the 20 April 1801.
SHEERNESS,44, (1787 Bucklers Hard. Wrecked 1805) 1799 Capt. W. HANWELL, Downs. 180O armed en flute, Capt. J.S. CARDEN, Spithead. 1803 ditto, Red Sea. 1804 Capt. James LIND, East Indies. In May she was druising off the Point de Galle for the protection of the trade in general and the extra Indiaman GLORY in particular. On the 5th she captured the French privateer brig ALFRED,14, commanded by Capt. Crevel with a crew of 80 men. Since leaving Mauritius in december she had captured the brigs FRIENDSHIP on 7 March and ENDEAVOUR on 16 April. Both were sailing from Madras to Prince of Wales Island and of little value.
1805 Capt. Lord George STUART. Wrecked near Trincomale on 7 January 1805 when she parted her cables during a hurricane and drove on shore. Lord George and his first Lieutenant were not on board and their boat was swamped as they attempted to get back to the ship.
SHELBURNE. (A privateer captured from the Americans in March 1813. Sold 1817) She was commanded by Lieut. David HOPE in 1813 destroying American privateers and merchant vessels. He was also employed in the blockade of New Orleans and assisting the Creek Indians who were British allies.
SHELDRAKE,16. (1806 Hythe. Sold 1816) 1806 John THICKNESSE, Guernsey - Jersey. On 12 October 1806 CONSTANCE,22, SHELDRAKE, STRENUOUS and the hired cutter BRITANNIA left the anchorage of the Isles de Chausey at 6 A.M. and set course for St. Malo. A sail was sighted off Cap Frehel and they swept towards it. About noon their quarry hauled in close to the rocks off Erquy, put out bow and quarter springs and prepared to defend herself covered by a battery of guns on the cliffs and the field guns and muskets of troops which had been brought up.
SHELDRAKE led the squadron into action followed by STRENUOUS and they all anchored within a pistol shot of the enemy. From 2 P.M. a continuous heavy fire was exchanged for two hours until the Frenchman struck. Since Capt BURROWES of CONSTANCE had been killed Capt. THICKNESSE sent his first Lieutenant, Richard KEVERN, to take possession. She proved to be the SALAMANDRE, a frigate-built ship armed with twenty-six 12 and 18 -pounders and carrying a crew of 150 men. She was bound for Brest from St. Malo with ship's timber.
CONSTANCE and the prize had both taken the ground and, in spite of the heavy fire from the shore, great efforts were made to get them off, but without success. After one attempt Mr Henry FRAZER, master of the SHELDRAKE was among the missing.
During the night SHELDRAKE and STRENUOUS, her foremast shot away, stood off but at day-break they came back in to find that CONSTANCE was lying keel up the rocks - a complete wreck. However the French managed to get her into St. Malo where she was repaired. Lieut. William LAWRENCE, 2nd of SHELDRAKE, destroyed the prize by fire and 10O of the officers and men of CONSTANCE were brought off. Nine wounded men, two in a dying state, were taken out of SALAMANDRE and Lieut. LAWRENCE saw about 30 lying dead on her decks. Many of her crew escaped in boats or swam to the shore.
SHEDRAKE had one man killed, Seaman John BROWN, and two wounded, Seamen Edward HUNT and John CULBETT. Thirteen were either killed or died later on CONSTANCE, including Capt. Alexander BURROWES, and twelve were wounded. STRENUOUS lost five wounded.
Although Mr Richard KEVERN, the first lieutenant of SHELDRAKE, was recommended to their Lordships by the captain for his part in the action, he had to wait until 1827 to become a commander (Ret.)
1808 ditto, Plymouth. On 13 January 1808 Sergeant Francis ABURROW of the Royal Marines was acquitted by a court martial of charges of negligence and neglect of duty.
On 19 February 1809 Capt. THICKNESSE captured a French ship laden with wheat. As he took his prize to Guernsey she suddenly went down by the head. Mr William HUBBARD, SHELDRAKE's master; a midshipman and nine British and two French seamen were drowned. Most of the crew had been below, stopping a small leak which had been discovered in the cabin, when the pumps became clogged with grain. They managed to run up the rigging but the only man who was saved lowered himself into a small boat floating off the booms by means of the mainstay. He had just pushed clear of the top-gallant yard arm as it was dissapearing. When he recovored from his surprise he called out, but all was silent Capt. THICKNESSE was promoted to post captain in February 1810.
1811 James Pattison STEWART, Baltic. When information was received that the Danes intended to attack the British garrison on the island of Anholt, TARTAR, WRANGLER and SAFEGUARD were ordered there from Yarmouth. Since the latter two were not ready, TARTAR sailed with SHELDRAKE on 20 March and anchored of the north side of the island on the 26th. Just before dawn on the following day the sentries on the south side signalled the sighting of a enemy flotilla and TARTAR weighed to run to the eastward round the Knobens Shoal. The Danish flotilla of 16 gunboats made off as soon as the frigate appeared and SHELDRAKE positioned herself to cut them off. At about half past four in the afternoon she brought five of them to action and one struck almost immediately. She was No.9, armed with two long 18-pounders and four brass howitzers. As soon as the 65 prisoners were taken on board, Capt. STEWART made for the largest lugger which also surrendered after exchanging a few shot. She proved to be gunboat No. 1 with two long 24-pounders and four brass howitzers and with 60 men on board.
As night was coming on and SHELDRAKE had on board 40 more prisoners than her own crew, Capt. STEWART had to discontinue the action. SHELDRAKE suffered no casualties and little damage.
On Anholt the Danish forces were defeated by the British troops and marines with the loss of four officers killed, including the commander Major Melsteat, and sixteen officers and more than five hundred men taken prisoner. In fact the island was so enucmbered with prisoners that the British commander, Capt. MAURICE, had to arrange for them to be sent back to Jutland on parole in TARTAR and SHELDRAKE.
A convoy of merchantmen under the protection of CRESSY, DEFENCE, DICTATOR, SHELDRAKE and BRUIZER was attacked on 5 July 1811 by a flotilla of 17 gun vessels and 10 row boats off Hielm Island. Two of the four enemy boats which were lost struck to SHELDRAKE. No.2 and No.5 each mounted one long 24-pounder and one 32-pounder carronade and carried a crew of 35 men each. Both lieutenants commanding the gunboats were severely wounded and several of the men. This was the fourth occasion that SHELDRAKE had been in action with gunboats and captured and destroyed five of them. The 1st lieutenant, William LUCKRAFT was especially commended by Capt. STEWART. During October SHELDRAKE captured the French privateer L'AMIABLE D'HERVILLY off Meen Is. She was armed with four swivels and her crew escaped ashore.
Capt. STEWART was promoted to post rank on 1 February 1812 and moved to DICTATOR..
1812 Henry LYFORD, Baltic. 1814 George BRINE, Spithead. Following Napoleon's abdication vessels were despatched to frustrate any escape to America. SHELDRAKE was stationed near the mouth of the Loire with OPOSSUM further out to sea.
SHELDRAKE,4. brig. (1825 Pembroke. 'Cherokee'. Sold 1855) 1827 Lieut. Robert EDE, 8/26, Falmouth. 1830 ditto, 8/29, Falmouth. June 1831 Plymouth. 1833- Lieut. A.K. PASSINGHAM, 4/32, Plymouth and Falmouth. 1844- Devonport.
SHREWSBURY,74, (1758 Wells of Deptford. Scuttled at Jamaica 1783) She was launched on 23 February 1758 and in July, under Capt. Hugh PALLISER, with the UNICORN,20, and the LIZARD,28, under his orders, she was sent to watch the French fleet in Brest from close inshore. On 12 September they sighted a convoy of coasters escorted by two frigates, so close in that it was difficult to cut them off. However, Capt. HARTWELL of LIZARD managed to get between the convoy and their escorts and capture or destroy many of the coasters. One of the frigates, CALYPSO, was driven ashore and destroyed.
The following February she was with Vice Ad. Charles SAUNDERS` fleet which sailed for Louisbourg to convoy and support Gen. Wolfe`s attack on Quebec. When they arrived on 21 April the harbour was so blocked with ice that they had to bear away for Halifax.
1760, Mediterranean, with Vice Ad. SAUNDERS` fleet blockading the French in Toulon. A small division slipped out in June but PALLISER`S squadron drove them to take refuge in the Isle of Candia until the British ships ran out of supplies.
1762 SHREWSBURY was sent with SUPERB, Capt. ROWLEY, BEDFORD, Capt. MARTIN, and MINERVA, Capt. PEYTON, to reinforce Lord COLVILLE in America. They arrived at St. John`s, Newfoundland on 3 August.
1778 Capt. Sir John Lockhart ROSS, with Ad. KEPPEL`s fleet at the action off Ushant with the Comte d`Orvilliers of almost equal force, on 27 July. The French had sailed from Brest on 8 July and Keppel had left Spithead the following day. They first sighted each other on the 23rd, with the French to leeward but by the following morning the French had the weather gage and, in spite of variable wind direction, managed to avoid action for the next four days until a sudden confusion brought the two fleets together on the 27th, neither in line of battle. The result was inconclusive before the French escaped without KEPPEL attempting to renew the action, no ships were taken, deaths were roughly equal but the French had more wounded. Both KEPPEL and PALLISER (now a Rear Admiral) were courtmartialled but the affair became a political squabble.
1781 Capt. Mark ROBINSON, West Indies. With Sir Samuel HOOD`S fleet which was detached by RODNEY to cruise to the windward of Martinique from February to intercept a large convoy escorted by ships of the line expected from France. When the convoy did not materialize they moved to leeward side and commenced a close blockade of Fort Royal. On 28 April Rear Ad. De Grasse with 20 sail of the line and a convoy rounded the southern end of Martinique en route for Port Royal, where a 74 and three 64s awaited him, with HOOD to the south with only 18 ships, trying hard to get to windward. At about 11 a.m. on the 29th De Grasse, having secured his convoy, and with his van opposite the British centre, opened fire at long range. The action became general but HOOD, finding his shot not reaching soon ceased fire. However the ships in the van, including SHREWSBURY, suffered in various ways.
On 5 September SHREWSBURY was with Rear Ad. Thomas GRAVES` fleet of 19 sail of the line approaching the mouth of the Chesapeake. Twenty-four French ships of the line under de Grasse, anchored in Lynnhaven Bay, came out as sopon as the tide served. At a quarter past four in the afternoon the leading British ships ,were were less than half a gunshot from the enemy`s van and the action became general, except for those in the rear. SHREWSBURY`s top-masts and and topsail-yards were rendered unserviceable, her first lieutenant was killed and Capt. ROBINSON lost a leg. The British fleet returned to New York to refit.
1782 Capt. John KNIGHT. West Indies. On 21 January she was with Sir Samuel HOOD at Antigua for repairs, supplies and troops prior to sailing to Nevis which was invested by a French fleet under de Grasse. HOOD hoped to take the French by surprise at daybreak but he was delayed by a collision between ALFRED,74, and NYMPHE,36. de Grasse put to sea and HOOD stood towards them as if to bring on an action but, with a favourable change in the wind, tacked and fetched the anchorage at Basseterre which the French had just quitted. A furious de Grasse made three determined attacks on the 26th but was repulsed with heavy losses.
Capt. Isaac COFFIN, June 1782. Port Royal, Jamaica, where unsuccessful attempts were made to repair her leaks.
Cdr. Charles HOTCHKYS, 1 Dec.1782. Prison Ship with guards provided by 10th, 14th and 99th regiments of foot.
1783 William Henry RICKETTS, 17 March 1783. The foremast was lifted out in April and by May pumps had to kept working continuously. 4 June she was moved alongside the "Pallisadoes" and the following day all prisoners and soldiers were discharged. Over the next few days the remaining masts and the ballast were removed which increased the water flow. On 13 June there was 8 feet of water in the hold, and two days later, after she had been hauled on to the shore, Ad. ROWLEY ordered the pennant to be struck. (Information about her final months from Christopher Morgan-Jones and David Hepper.)
SIREN,16. (1841 Woolwich. BU1868) 1842- William SMITH, 8/41, East Indies. 1846 Harry EDGELL, 5/45, Mediterranean. In the autumn of 1846 SIREN's boats under Lieut. Edmund LYONS captured four pirate vessels near the Turkish Island of Stanchio. 1848 William CHALONER, 12/4 , Coast of Africa. 1850 Sheerness.
SIR FRANCIS DRAKE,38. (Purchased at Bombay in 1805. Sold 1825) She was first commissioned and fitted out by Capt. James Haldane TAIT, 10/05. He removed into GRAMPUS in March 1806. 1807 Capt. P. PELLEW, East Indies. 1808 Capt. Clement SNEYD, East Indies.
1810 Capt. George HARRIS, East Indies. On 1 August 1810 he captured a Batavian ship of 8 guns, a schooner of 6 guns and a coasting vessel. The boats of BELLIQUEUX and SIR FRANCIS DRAKE destroyed a French pivateer and two gunboats in Bantam Bay on the 5th. Between the 9 August and 8 September seven gunboats, five pirate proas and 35 Dutch trading vessels were captured or destroyed.
At the end of 1810 SIR FRANCIS DRAKE was stationed in the Straits of Sunda between Sumatra and Java to protect the outward bound China fleet. He sent a party to examine eight Malay proas to see whether they were armed or peaceful traders and four seamen, who were invited on board one, were slaughtered and their bodies hung in the rigging. Capt. HARRIS appalled by the treacherous behaviour stood close in and and fired until all the proas had been destroyed and their crews killed or wounded.
Contrary wind and current forced Capt. HARRIS anchor for the night of 22 May 1811 off Rembang on the north coast of Java and in the morning he saw nine feluccas and five proas anchored close in shore. He gave chase when they made for the port and, after a few broadsides, captured five feluccas but the rest made straight for the shore out of range. He sent in four 6-oared cutters and a gig with Lieuts. BRADLEY and ADDIS; Messrs. George GROVES, John HORTON and Matthew PHIBBS, midshipmen. They were accompanied by Lieut. George Roch, R.M. and Lieut. Knowles and 12 privates of the 14th regiment. The frigate worked up to windward to cover them.
Although they came under continual musket fire with occasional grape shot, they soon made prizes of all the rest of the enemy boats without loss. Many of the men in them drowned as their proas, overloaded with arms and ammunition, overturned but others escaped into the jungle where they kept up a brisk small-arms fire on the seamen launching two of the feluccas from the beach. One felucca, 87 feet long and 17 feet beam and armed with a 7-inch howitzer and a 24-pound carronade, was manned as a tender to SIR FRANCIS DRAKE. The others were burnt except for one proa of 50 tons which was used for the 87 prisoners.
The frigate was employed along the coast until the final reduction of Java and, on 12 August 1811, he was sent with PHAETON and DASHER from Batavia to take possession of the French fortress of Samanap. (Sumenep at the eastern end of the island of Madura)
The boats left the frigates in two divisions, one led by Capt. Fleetwood PELLEW the other by Capt. HARRIS. They both went through the channel between Madura and Pulo 'I Langong at daylight on 30 August while Capt. KELLY in DASHER went round the outside of Pulo 'I Langong to gain an anchorage near Samanap. At midnight they made a difficult landing over rocks at a pier-head about 3 miles from the fort and marched towards it in two columns each flanked by three field pieces. Although the French had seen DASHER and the boats, they were not aware that the landings had been made. The attacking force found an open outer gate and their assault was so sudden that only two or three guns were fired at them and the fort was theirs after a 10 minutes struggle with 30O-40O Madura pikemen. It was a regular fortification mounting sixteen 6-pounders.
When Capt. HARRIS requested the surrender of the French governor in the town he was surprised to find his own surrender demanded. Mr John OLDMIXON arrived with news from Capt. PELLEW that the French had about 20OO men with four field pieces in their front.
While Capt. PELLEW led a frontal attack. Capt. HARRIS led 70 small-arm and and 20 pikemen from SIR FRANCIS DRAKE and DASHER to turn the enemy's left flank. Both columns fired their volleys at the same time and when they charged the enemy broke and ran. The governor admitted to having 30O muskets and 60 artillerymen in the field with 20OO pikemen armed with long pikes and pistols. Their loses were considerable.
Meanwhile a party under Lieut. Roch R.M. of the SIR FRANCIS DRAKE destroyed a battery of twelve 9-pounders that protected the mouth of the river. The lieutenant was speared twice by natives while trying to wrest the colours out of the hands of a French officer.
The losses in the three ships numbered 3 killed and 23 wounded.
Capt. HARRIS succeeded in making an ally of the Sultan of Madura and with the assistance of the Madurians captured ten long 24-pounders on the 13 September. The French had been taking them to Sourabaya (Surabaja) and now they were to be used to form two batteries against the town. He joined Rear Ad. STOPFORD off Sourabaya on the 18th and took command of the troops, but when, on the 22nd, he had agreed the capitulation of the town, it was learnt that the whole of Java had been surrendered four days earlier.
1812 Capt. Samuel LESLIE, East Indies. In 1813 SIR FRANCIS DRAKE was fitted out as a store ship and she sailed for the Mediterranean, under Thomas HOSKINS, master, where she remained until the end of 1815. She was commissioned at Woolwich by Capt. John BOWKER in February 1817 and sailed for Newfoundland. Lieut. V. MUNBEE took command on 18 December 1819 and her armament was reduced to 3 guns for signalling purposes.
She was sold at Deptford in 1825.
SIRIUS,36. (1797 Deptford. Destroyed 1810) Capt. Richard KING, 6/97, attached to the North Sea fleet under the orders of Lord DUNCAN. On 24 October 1798 SIRIUS gave chase to two Dutch ships in the Texel. When he arrived within musket shot one of the enemy ships brought to and fired a shot to windward and hauled down her colours. Her consort kept making all sail but SIRIUS caught her up and she surrendered after a running fight lasting about half an hour with 8 men killed and 14 wounded. The prizes were the WAAKZAAMHEID,26, and the FURIE,36. They had on board 287 French troops and 40OO stand of arms. SIRIUS had only one man man wounded out of 261. The former was taken into the Royal Navy under her original name and FURIE as WILHELMINA.
Soon after this SIRIUS captured the FAVORIE,6, from Cayenne to Bordeaux with a cargo of cotton, indigo and camphor, and a Spanish brig taking iron and bale goods from Corunna to Monte Video.
On 28 January 1801 SIRIUS intercepted the French frigate DEDAIGNEUSE,36, which had been chased by OISEAU for about 28 hours. She surrendered after an action of some 45 minutes with several men killed and 17 wounded. The frigate was carrying dispatches from Cayenne to Rochfort and was taken into Plymouth by OISEAU's first lieutenant. She was taken into the Royal Navy under the same name.
On the same day SIRIUS and AMETHYST captured the Spanish letter of marque CHARLOTTA, 16 hours out of Ferrol, about 20 miles off Cape Belem.
On 2 September 1801 a court martial on board CAMBRIDGE in the Hamoaze at which Lieut. LEWIS of SIRIUS was found guilty of leaving the quarter-deck during his watch when SIRIUS was night look-out frigate of the inshore squadron off Brest. He was dismissed the service. On the 9th the Master and the Gunner were tried for drunkeness and neglect of duty. The Master was dismissed his ship and the Gunner acquitted. Lieut. RAINS, the first lieutenant, was also charged, at the instance of the Master, with drunkeness and leaving his quarters during action, but the evidence was so vague and contradictory that he was honourably discharged.
After the Peace of Amiens SIRIUS was senior ship in a light squadron employed against smugglers. She was put out of commission in August 1802.
1803 Capt. W. PROWSE, Channel. SIRIUS went into the Barnpool on 31 July to reset her rigging and when she sailed from Plymouth for a cruise on 15 August it was estimated that the captain's share of prize money for the ship since the beginning of the war was �30,OOO. She was victualled for four months.
1804 On 28 February she returned to Plymouth after a cruise off Brest with Capt. WILKINSON and his boat's crew. They had escaped in the cutter when the HUSSAR,38, was wrecked at the beginning at February near the Saints and got on board one of the cruisers. They brought welcome news of the safety of the rest of HUSSAR's people.
SIRIUS cruised in the Channel during the rest of the year.
In the spring of 1805 SIRIUS was off the Penmarks and on 22 July she was with Vice Ad. Sir Robert CALDER in his action with the combined Franco/Spanish fleet which was fought in thick fog over a period of four hours off Ushant. SIRIUS lost two killed and three wounded.
1806 Mediterranean. SIRIUS was some 20 miles to the eastward of Civita Vecchia on 17 April when Capt. PROWSE received information that a French force had sailed from there during the morning bound for Naples. In the afternoon they were seen from the masthead and just after sunset the frigate closed with a ship, three brigs and five heavy gun vessels, formed into a compact order of battle. They were within six miles of the mouth of the Tiber near a dangerous shoal, lying to, awaiting an attack. At seven both sides opened fire within pistol shot in an engagement which lasted for two hours before the Commodore surrendered the ship. Because of the crippled condition of SIRIUS Capt. PROWSE was unable to pursue the remainder of the flotilla although several of them were much disabled. The prize was the BERGERE, armed with eighteen long 12-pounders and commanded by Capt. Chaney Duolvis with a crew of 189 men. A fine vessel, she was taken into the Royal Navy under the same name.
SIRIUS lost Mr William ADAIR, master's mate, five seamen and three marines killed. Twenty people were wounded including Mr James BRETT, acting master, Mr Meyricke LLOYD, midshipman, and Mr John ROBINSON, master's mate. One seaman died later of his wounds.
1808 Capt. Samuel PYM. under repair at Chatham. 1809 East Indies. On 16 September 1809 troops were embarked at Rodriguez on board NEREIDE, OTTER and the H.E.I.C.'s schooner WASP to carry out an attack on St. Paul's in Bourbon (Reunion), a noted resort of French cruisers and privateers preying on British shipping in the Indian Ocean They were joined off Mauritius by RAISONABLE, SIRIUS and BOADICEA.
In the attack on 21 September, soldiers from the 56th regiment 136 royal marines and 10O seamen were landed and carried three of the forts. The squadron went in, fired their broadsides and then hauled out again. SIRIUS stood in again and anchored her within half a musket shot of the French frigate CAROLINE, two captured East Indiamen, STREATHAM and EUROPE and a brig of war, GRAPPLER. She opened so heavy a fire that the whole struck their colours after 20 minutes.
In the early summer of 1810 preparations were started for the capture of the island of Bourbon (Reunion). SIRIUS, with IPHEGENIA and MAGICIENNE under Capt. PYM's orders had been cruising off Mauritius and on 6 July they rendezvoused with troopers and transports from Rodriguez and Capt. Josias ROWLEY in BOADICEA and Capt WILLOUGHBY in NEREIDE. The 3650 troops were divided among the ships and on the 7th they made for their different points of disembarkation. On the 9th SIRIUS was ordered to anchor in the bay of St. Paul where she was fired on by all the batteries although she was showing a flag of truce. Capt. PYM noticed that a brig was making preparations to sail during the night so at 11 o'clock he sent Lieut. George NORMAN in the barge to bring her out. The brig had sailed two hours earlier but after a hard row of nearly 12 hours he came up with her and boarded her through her fire and took possession. She was the privateer EDWARD of Nantes with four 12-pounders and 30 men on board. She was taking dispatches to France.
When SIRIUS was joined off Mauritius by IPHEGENIA, NEREIDE and the gunbrig STAUNCH after the capture of Reunion it was decided to attack the Isle de la Passe lying at the entrance to Port Sud-Est. The boats of the frigates with 40O men attempted an attack on 10 August but the weather was too bad so, to deceive the French, the ships sailed to the other side of Mauritius. SIRIUS returned on the 12th and Capt. PYM sent in 5 boats (including 2 from IPHEGENIA) with 71 officers and men under Lieut. George NORMAN assisted by Lieuts. Henry CHADS and John WATLING.
Lieut. CHADS separated from SIRIUS's boats and landed unopposed but the others, after safely passed two batteries while clouds covered the moon, came under fire from the third which killed and wounded several men. Lieuts. NORMAN and WATLING were beaten back when they attempted to scale the works, NORMAN being shot through the heart. Lieut. WATLING succeeded in a second attempt and was afterwards joined by Lieut. CHADS. He took command as senior officer. SIRIUS's losses were 5 killed and 12 wounded.
On 21 August SIRIUS recaptured the WYNDHAM, a British East Indiaman, recently taken by two French frigates and a corvette. WYNDHAM, with 26 guns and manned with 30 French sailors was taken by 11 unarmed sailors from the gig under Lieut. WATLING and the jolly-boat under Mr John ANDREWS, midshipman. Due to an oversight there were no arms in the boats and the British used the stretchers as clubs. WYNDHAM was brought out under fire from the shore batteries.
When he was joined by NEREIDE Capt. PYM resolved to enter the port to recapture another Indiaman but SIRIUS ran aground in the inner passage and remained there for several hours during which the French moved further in and erected several batteries. IPHEGENIA and MAGICIENNE arrived on the 23rd and the attack was resumed. NEREIDE was to anchor between VICTOR and BELLONE, SIRIUS alonside BELLONE, MAGICIENNE between CEYLON and MINERVE and IPHEGENIA alongside the latter. SIRIUS grounded again and remained stationary on a coral reef as did MAGICIENNE. IPHEGENIA was prevented by a shoal from closing with her opponent so the French were able to devote all their effort against NEREIDE. She surrendered after losing 230 killed and wounded out of 281. Since SIRIUS and MAGICIENNE could not be moved they were both burnt and the people evacuated to the Isle de la Passe in IPHEGENIA. She had expended all her powder and ammunition and was obliged to surrender on the 28th.
SIRIUS,38. (1813 Bursledon. Target 1860) 1814- Portsmouth.
SIR JOHN COLPOYS. Gunvessel (1803) 1805 Lieut. T. USHER, Channel.
SIR THOMAS PAISLEY. (also referred to as PASLEY or ADMIRAL PAISLEY (Hired armed brig with 14 guns and 45 men) 180O Lieut. NEVIN, Channel - Gibraltar. PAISLEY sailed from Plymouth on the 15 October for Lisbon, Gibraltar and Tetuan Bay and returned only 26 days later, on the 10 November, with dispatches from Admiral Lord KEITH and General ABERCROMBIE. She left Tetuan Bay on 29 October, Gibraltar on 31st and her voyage from there had taken only 10 days. She carried as passengers Earl Cavan and his suite.
She was docked on the 19th, came out on the morning of the 20th and was victualled and watered for three months by the evening of the 21st. When FLORA was driven ashore in the Hamoaze and bilged on the 21st. the dispatches she should have carried to the Mediterranean were taken, at short notice, by PAISLEY which sailed at 2 A.M. on the 22 November.
On the 2 December Lieut. NEVIN fell in with a Spanish gun vessel off Ceuta and engaged her for two and a half hours. For an hour and a half PAISLEY was becalmed and Lieut. NEVIN was unable to bring a gun to bear, the size of her carronades prevented the two chase guns being moved aft and she was limited to musketry. After the master, Mr M. GIBBS was badly wounded, three men were killed and eight wounded and he himself was wounded in three places Lieut. NEVIN was forced to surrender and PAISLEY was taken first to Ceuta and then to Algiciras.
SIR THOMAS PAISLEY (PASLEY) (Hired armed brig with sixteen 6-pounders) On 11 April 1801 the brig LA JEUNE ARNETTE was surveyed in the yard at Plymouth Dock and on 24th she was commissioned as PAISLEY by Lieut. W. WOOLDRIDGE, late of the CENTAUR. On 24 May she was ready for sea and had orders to sail as soon as the wind was fair. She sailed from Plymouth on 2 June with dispatches from Ad. CORNWALLIS off Brest. While returning to Plymouth PAISLEY chased a large French lugger and a cutter for several hours before losing them in a fog, but when the fog lifted and Lieut. WOOLDRIDGE saw the cutter far to leeward he had to decline the chase to bring his dispatches in. He arrived on the 8th and sailed again at 6 o'clock the following evening.
On 15 June PAISLEY sailed with Sir James SAUMAREZ's squadron for Cadiz. On the 26th, the admiral sent PAISLEY to Lisbon with letters for England saying that the port was in a complete state of blockade. Lieut. WOOLDRIDGE captured the Spanish privateer felucca GOLONDRINA off Cape St. Vincent on the 29 June. She was armed with two guns and muskets and nine of her crew of 33 men had been sent off as prize crews in a Guernsey lugger and a Portuguese schooner she had taken. PAISLEY entered Gibraltar on the 9 July and was sent by Rear-Ad. SAUMAREZ to Minorca to look for Rear-Ad. Sir J.B. WARREN. Following reports from neutral vessels he went from there as far as Malta but found only the GENEREUX,84
PAISLEY was hailed by a Spanish zebec on the 21st some 20 miles south-west of the island of Carbera (south of Mallorca). The Spaniard ordered PAISLEY to send her boat aboard but instead Lieut. WOOLDRIDGE opened fire and continued for over an hour until the enemy was silenced. It being then a perfect calm the zebec was able to escape to Ivica in spite of the best efforts of PAISLEY's crew. The enemy had 22 guns. PAISLEY lost one man killed and two wounded.
He had more success off Cape Tresforcas on the 29th when he captured the Spanish privateer schooner ATAMARIA with only seven guns on board although pierced for fourteen. She was ten days out of Malaga and had taken a schooner from Oran with cattle for Gibraltar.
On the 28 October 1801 he was some 60 miles E.S.E. of Cape de Gat when he was chased by a polacca which soon came close and they exchanged fire for about an hour. When most of PAISLEY's main rigging had been shot away Lieut. WOOLDRIDGE decided that he had to board her before he himself was overwhelmed so PAISLEY was set to run across her hawse and the enemy's bowsprit lashed to the capstan. Notwithstanding the superior numbers on the enemy vessel she was carried in about a quarter of an hour.
The enemy was the Spanish privateer EL VIRGINE DEL ROSARIO, pierced for 20 guns but only mounting two long 24-pounders and eight long 12s. Her crew of 94 came from Malaga. The gunner, Mr James POOKE, and two seamen were killed. Lieut. WOOLDRIDGE was shot through the left shoulder; the master, Mr Ambrose LIONS (or LYON) of Plymouth was wounded dangerously in the head and died of his wounds while being carried to the hospital; the first mate, Mr George DAVIE, was shot through the thigh and five seamen were wounded. Twenty-one officers and men were killed on board the enemy an thirteen wounded. PAISLEY returned to Spithead at the end of December at which time Lieut. WOOLDRIDGE's wound had still not healed.
PAISLEY, now commanded by Lieut. MORRIS, left the squadron on the 9 February 1802 with dispatches from Rear-Ad. Sir James SAUMAREZ and arrived in Plymouth on the 24th, just missing a severe gale which struck the south-west the following night.
SKIPJACK,5. Schooner. (1827 Bermuda. Lost 1841) 1830 Lieut. John ROCHE 9/29, Jamaica. 1831 Lieut. Willoughby SHORTLAND, 3/31, Jamaica. 1833- Lieut. W. H. WILLES (act), 6/33, N.A.W.I.
1835 Lieut. Sidney USSHER (act), 9/34, N.A.W.I. On 8 April 1835 USSHER fought and captured the slaver MARTHA off Little Cayman in an action that lasted over seven hours. Only 447 slaves out of 790 survived both the voyage and the action. MARTHA was three times the size of SKIPJACK and armed with six 18pdr and two 12pdr guns.
1837 Lieut. John ROBINSON, 3/36, N.A.W.I. On 30 November she took the slaver ULYSSES. 1840 Lieut. Henry WRIGHT, 8/39, N.A.W.I. 1841 Lieut. Augustus Charles MAY. SKIPJACK was wrecked on the Cayman Is. during June 1841.
SKYLARK,16. (1806 Newcastle. Destroyed 1812) 1806 Henry Evelyn Pitfield STURT, Downs. On the evening of 7 November 1807 SKYLARK captured the French privateer RENARDE, 14, while she was in the act of taking a collier brig off the North Foreland. When Capt. STURT called on her to surrender the French attempted to board SKYLARK so he was obliged to open fire, wounding the captain and shooting away the lugger's main mast.
1808 ditto, Spithead. Two courts martial were held on board MAGNANIME in Sheerness during February 1808. Mr Albany Thomas WILLIAMS, the assistant surgeon of SKYLARK was charged with absenting himself from duty. The court decided that because of his ignorance, only having been a short time in the service, he should be dismissed his ship. Lieut. LILLYMAN was charged by Capt. STURT with drunkeness and unofficer-like behaviour but the trial did not proceed because of a faulty indictment.
1809 James BOXER, 11/08, Downs. In August 1809 SKYLARK was with Sir Home POPHAM's squadron in the West Scheldt sounding and buoying the channels to allow the larger ships to advance
SKYLARK supported the boats of THEBAN when they brought off a merchant brig from on shore under two batteries near Dieppe on 2 February 1811.
Seven miles N.N.W. of Cap Grisnez on the morning of 10 November 1811 Capt. BOXER saw 12 gunbrigs belonging to the Boulogne flotilla standing along the shore to the eastward. He gave chase and later saw LOCUST, in shore to windward, standing towards the enemy. Bewtween them they managed to cut out one of the French gunboats when the flotilla took refuge in the Calais Roads under the protection of batteries and musketry on the beach. She was No. 26, with four 24-pounders and 60 men, commanded by Enseigne Bouchet. The flotilla commodore was driven ashore but attempts to bring him off had to be abandoned when French troops from Calais got on board.
On 3 May 1812 she and APELLES grounded to the west of Boulogne. SKYLARK was burnt to avoid capture and her crew escaped in the boats. She was still smoking the following day when APELLES, which had been floated off by the French, was recaptured by BERMUDA, CASTILIAN and PHIPPS.
SKYLARK,4. brig. (1826 Pembroke. 'Cherokee'. Lost 1845) 1827- Lieut. Benjamin APLIN, 1/27, Falmouth. 1832- Lieut. Charles LADD, 8/31, Falmouth. 1842 Lieut. John WRIGHT, Chatham. 1844 Lieut. George MORRIS, 5/43, coast of Scotland. On 25 April 1845 she was wrecked on the Kimmeridge Ledge on the Dorset coast about 5 miles east of Lulworth Cove.
SLANEY,20. (1813 Frindsbury. 1838) 1820 D.H. O'BRIAN, 8/18, Brazil. 1822 Henry STANHOPE, 3/21, Brazil. 1824 Chas. MITCHELL, 4/23, East Indies. At the beginning of May 1824 she joined the fleet of warships and transports assembling at Port Cornwallis in the Andaman Is. On 5 May troops were detached for an attack on Cheduba Is. off the western coast of Burma and escorted there by SLANEY. 1825 Sam. THORNTON, 4/25, East Indies. 1827 James CAMPBELL, 5/27, Jamaica. 1830 Chas. PARKER (act), 9/29, Jamaica until 28 January 1831. From 1833 Receiving ship at Bermuda.
SNAKE. (1798 Bucklers Hard. 'Cruizer'. Sold 1816) 1799 J.M. LEWIS, 4/98, Spithead. 180O She sailed from Spithead with the African and East India trade on 13 February and was then given up for lost as nothing more was heard of her after she parted company with MELPOMENE and MAGNANIME on 25 March during a dreadful storm. However she turned up safely at Portsmouth on 14 October.
On 10 November 180O EURYDICE gave chase to a schooner nine miles off Beachy Head after a collier brig, the DIANA of Sunderland, reported to her that she had been attacked by the schooner and that one of her men had been badly wounded. SNAKE joined in the chase and Capt. LEWIS thwarted an attempt by the privateer to cross in front of him. She then lowered her sails and SNAKE's people boarded her. The schooner was the HIRONDELLE of fourteen 3 and 4- pounders and 50 men among whom was found an Englishman. Commanded by Pierre Dugerdin, she had sailed from Calais the previous day. The man wounded in the DIANA had to have his arm amputated by EURYDICE's surgeon, Mr PARDIE.
On 28 November SNAKE went into dock at Portsmouth for repair. 1801 Capt. TINLING. On 17 January SNAKE was one of a number of vessels sent on separate cruises with orders to detain all Swedish and Danish ships. 1801 W. ROBERTS, to the African station in the summer, then Jamaica in 1803. In the spring of 1805 Capt. ROBERTS commanded a small force based at New Providence in the Bahamas. 1805 John BOWEN, West Indies. 1808- Thos. YOUNG, North Sea. In October 1809 she took the Danish CHRISTIANA,8, off Bergen. 1811 William HELLARD, Plymouth. 1812 Leith. 1814 George ROBBIN. Jamaica. 1815 Joseph GAPE, convoy to Mediterranean. 1816 Sheerness.
SNAKE,16. brig. (1832 Limehouse. Lost 1847) 1832 William ROBERTSON, 4/32, At the end of 1832 joined blockade of Dutch coast. [see ROVER] 1834 ditto, South America. 1836 R.L. WARREN, 9/35, N.A.W.I. 1838 Alexander MILNE, 12/36, N.A.W.I. On 23 November 1837 MILNE captured the Portuguese slaver ARROGANTE in the West Indies with 406 slaves and on 5 December the Spanish MATILDA with 529. 1840 John HAY, 1/39, N.A.W.I. 1842- Hon. W. DEVEREUX, 10/41, Portsmouth for Mediterranean. 1846 Thomas BROWN, 1/46, Cape of Good Hope. On 29 August 1847 she was wrecked in the Mozambique Channel.
SNAP,16. (The French PALINURE taken by CIRCE,32, off Diamond Rock on 31 October 1808. BU 1811) 1808 James Pattison STEWART, 13/11/08. She took part in the reduction of the French and Dutch West Indies and was attached to the military force under Brigadier HARCOURT which took St. Martins. 1810 Thomas BARCLAY. 8/09. Paid off on 15 February 1811.
SNAP,12. Gunbrig. (1812 Lyme Regis. Hulk 1827) 1813 William Bateman DASHWOOD, 22 July 1813, Channel. (Capt. DASHWOOD lost an arm in ACTIVE and was granted a pension of 91.5s in July 1812) On the morning of the 1 November 1813 SNAP was five miles off St. Valery when Capt. DASHWOOD discovered five enemy luggers, three to the north-west to windward and two to leeward. He wore and closed with the former and brought them to action but they separated and escaped so he turned his attention to the other two and enticed one of them alongside. She surrendered after about ten minutes and proved to be the LION, a privateer of Boulogne with 16 guns and a complement of 69 men. She was two days out of Dieppe and had made no captures. Her captain and four others were killed and six wounded. SNAP had no casualties but her rigging was badly cut. Capt. DASHWOOD removed to PROMETHEUS on 15 November 1814.
1815 George KING, Sheerness. 1820 Sheerness. 1822 Lieut. John HOSE, 3/21, Surveying Vessel, Newfoundland. 1823-25 Lieut. Fred. BULLOCK, 3/23, ditto. 1827 Deptford.
SNAPPER,4. Schooner. (1804 Bermuda. Captured 1811) 1808 Lieut. W.B. CHAMPION. On Wednesday 13 April Sub Lieutenant James YOUNG of SNAPPER was charged before a court martial aboard the SALVADOR del MUNDO at Plymouth with smoking in the galley with the people and permitting liberties derogatory to the character of an officer. He was also charged with absenting himself without leave during a gale and returning in a state of intoxication. He was severely reprimanded.
1811 Lieut. Henry THRACKSTONE, Channel. On 15 July 1811 she was taken off Brest by RAPACE.
SNAPPER,12. (1813 Redbridge. Sold 1865) Her hull, masts and yards cost 4,317 pounds and the rigging and stores 1,521 pounds.
1814 - 15 still at Redbridge.
1820 Lieut. R. J. NASH, 3/20, Coast of Africa. 1822 Lieut. Charles KNIGHT, 6/21, Coast of Africa. 1822-3 Lieut. T. H. ROTHERY, 6/22, Coast of Africa. During 3 months in 1822 ROTHERY captured 28 slavers in the 'Bights'. 1824 Portsmouth. 1827 Coast Blockade at Sheerness.
SNIPE,12. Gunbrig. (1801 Bucklers Hard. Lighter 1816, BU 1846) 1803 Lieut. Charles CHAMPION, Downs. 1808 ditto, Yarmouth.
A court martial was held on board RAISONABLE in Sheerness harbour on the 20 and 21 February 1812 to enquire into the conduct of Lieut. CHAMPION. He was charged with a breach of the 18th article of war as reported to the Admiralty by a Mr James Johnstone who also sent them an anonymous letter signed 'Philo Veritas'. The court acquitted the lieutenant and stated the opinion that the conduct of Mr Johnstone was highly invidious and malicious and deprecated the motives by which he appeared to be motivated.
1814 P.W.P. WALLIS, Sheerness. 1815 Sheerness. 1816 Chatham.
SNIPE,8. Schooner. (1828 Pembroke. BU 1860) 1830 Tender to VICTORY at Portsmouth. 1831 Tender to ST. VINCENT, Portsmouth. March 1832- Portsmouth. 1840 Lieut. Thomas BALDOCK, 3/39, Portsmouth.
SOLEBAY,32. (1785 Deptford. Wrecked 1809) 1799 Capt. S. POYNTZ, West Indies. SOLEBAY returned to Portsmouth from Jamaica on 29 August 1800. On 28 October a court martial was held on board SHANNON in Sheerness to try Alexander BROWN, a seaman from SOLEBAY, for desertion and ruuning away with a prize belonging to the ship. He was acquitted when the charges were not proved.
1801 Capt. Thomas DUNDAS. On 20 August Francis LONG, carpenter of SOLEBAY, was sentenced by a court martial to be dismissed the service for drunkenness.
On Saturday 8 August she sailed from Portsmouth with three homeward bound East Indiamen which had arrived from Cork the previous Monday. SOLEBAY returned from the Mediterranean on 2 July 1802.
1803 out of commission at Deptford (floating battery). 1807 R. M. BROMLEY, Sheerness. Capt. A. SPROULE, with Rear Ad. Sir Sydney SMITH. At daylight on the morning of 25 November SOLEBAY chased and captured the Spanish privateer lugger ESTRELLA DEL NOSTE, of Vigo, mounting two 6-pounder guns and swivels and with a crew of 35 men. She had nine English prisoners on board from the brig LIBERTY of London which they had taken on the 23rd. 1808 Capt. Thomas BROWN, Spithead.
1809 Capt. Edward Henry COLUMBINE, coast of Africa. Small privateers fitted out by the French at Senegal were attacking trade in the neighbourhood so Capt. COLUMBINE and Major Maxwell, who commanded the garrison at Goree, determined to make an attack on the place. They proceeded against it on 4 July 1809 with SOLEBAY, DERWENT and TIGRESS and some smaller vessels carrying a detachment 160 men from Goree. At first the enemy offered some resistance but when the detachment landed together with 120 seamen and marines, the enemy force of 160 regulars and 140 militia retreated. On the 11th SOLEBAY, in moving up the river, went on shore and was wrecked. All her men and most of the stores were saved.
The Island of St. Louis and its dependencies surrendered on the 15th, the garrison being conveyed to France as prisoners of war under parole. The only losses to the squadron were Capt. PARKER, midshipman SEALY and six seamen, all of DERWENT, who were drowned while trying to cross the Senegal bar.
A court martial held at Portsmouth on 11 September found that no blame was imputable to the captain, his officers or his crew for the loss. They did find however, that after she went on shore and before she was abandoned four seamen belonging to her, Michael GRACE, Thomas JONES, Charles NILEUS and Robert STORKS, had been in a state of drunkeness. GRACE and JONES were sentenced to 150 lashes and NILEUS and STORKS to 50 lashes; they were to all forfeit their pay from 11 July. (The carpenter of DERWENT was dismissed the service for being too drunk to take part in the attack on Senegal)
SOPHIE,18. (A privateer PREMIER CONSUL taken from the French in 1798. BU 1809) 1800 George BURDETT, 10/99, Spithead. A court martial was held on board GLADIATOR at Portsmouth at the beginning of January on Lieut. Thomas VANTHYSEN of SOPHIE. He was charged with having gone forward among the crew after a man had been punished and saying in the hearing of the people "If I was the ship's company I would be damned if I did not write against the captain. I have taken an account of every man that has been flogged since I have been in the ship." He was dismissed his Majesty's service for ever.
After the French frigate PALLAS had surrendered to HARPY and FAIRY off Cape Frehel on 5 February 1800 her crew were divided amongst the 5 British ships then present to be taken to Plymouth. The 37 on board DANAE were transferred to SOPHIE off Start Point.
SOPHIE arrived at Portsmouth from Ireland on 22 July with the Navy transports SEA NYMPH, HOWARD, MIDDLETON and DILIGENCE under convoy.
Two of her seamen were charged with desertion at a court martial on the 30th. Bartholomew PORTER was acquitted and Arthur HUGHES was sentenced to 300 lashes.
In February 1801 she was off Le Havre with JASON and LOIRE and on 31 March she sailed from Portsmouth with a convoy to Newfoundland. SOPHIE returned on 1 September with twelve valuable ships and sailed again the next day with a convoy for the Downs. She arrived in Portsmouth again on 6 April 1802 and sailed for Jersey on 6 May, four days later she was back again. On 16 May she was off on a 13 day round trip to take discharged seamen to Dublin.
1802 P. L. G. ROSENHAGEN, 6/02, Portsmouth. He made a trip to Jersey between 8 and 16 July then, on the 23rd, SOPHIE sailed with a number of frigates and sloops to take Dutch troops from Jersey and Lymington to Cuxhaven. She returned on 2 September and on 13 October sailed with RAVEN for Jersey with troops. The two sloops returned to Portsmouth again on the morning of the 26th. On 7 November SOPHIE left Portsmouth for a cruise off the east coast of Scotland. In 1803 she was in harbour at Portsmouth between 11 October and 3 November and on the 28th she was ordered to Falmouth to collect the ships bound for the Mediterranean.
1805 ditto, Portsmouth. 1807 W. MANSELL, Nore. 1808 out of commission at Deptford.
SOPHIE. (September 1809 by Pelhams of Frindsbury. 'Cruizer'class. 384 tons burthen, 100x30 ft. Sold 1825) As a new brig she was first commissioned by Commander Nicholas LOCKYER on 26 Oct. 1809. From the autumn of 1812 she was employed on the Halifax station.
He captured the brig EXPERIENCE from Rio for Boston on 25 November 1812 and, in company with MAIDSTONE, the sloop MARY ANN from Philadelphia to Charleston in December. On 11 December he took the schooner FANNY AND MARIA and the ship SYRUS. In January 1813 SOPHIE took the schooners POLLY MERICK from Norfolk and GEORGE WASHINGTON from from Windson, both bound for New York. SOPHIE was employed in the blockade of the Chesapeake under Capt. BARRIE in DRAGON. On 5 November the boats of SOPHIE and DRAGON under Lieut. PEDLAR of that ship brought out, without loss, three American vessels from a creek in the Potomac. She had a busy time, burning two schooners and capturing one sloop and burning another between the 6 and 19 November 1813.
Between 22 and 28 November she joined forces with ACTEON and they destroyed two schooners and a sloop and captured three schooners and two sloops. All the vessels were engaged in coastal trade.
Capt. LOCKYER captured the American privateer schooner STARKS on 24 April 1814. With two guns and 25 men she had been out of Wilmington for 24 days wihout taking any prizes.
At the beginning of August 1814 SOPHIE took brevet Captain WOODBINE to Pensacola to communicate with friendly Indians who had been driven into Spanish territory. On 23 August she joined with HERMES,20, Hon. William Henry PERCY, and they landed a detachment of troops to fortify fort San Miguel in conjunction with the Spaniards. Six days later Capt. PERCY directed SOPHIE to proceed to Barataria on the southern side of the Mississippi delta to communicate with the Indians and freebooters there and tempt them into the British service by offering lands in H.M. colonies. In fact their leader Lafitte passed the proposals on to Governor of Louisiana.
At the beginning of September PERCY decided to attack fort BOWYER on Mobile Point. This he believed to be a low wood battery of little strength mounting between 6 and 14 guns of small calibre. Its capture would stop the trade of Louisiana.
On the morning of the 12th he landed Lieut. Colonel NICOLLS with a party of 60 marines and 130 Indians and a howitzer about 9 miles to the eastward and on the 15th, when contrary winds died down, crossed the bar with HERMES, SOPHIE, CARRON, Capt. SPENCER, and CHILDERS, Capt. UMFREVILLE. The fort opened fire at 4.16 p.m. and at 4.30 HERMES replied at pistol-shot range. Ten minutes later SOPHIE opened fire but the other two vessels were unable to come up. Two hours later, having made little impression on the fort, HERMES grounded and lay helpless under showers of grape. SOPHIE's boats took off her people and she was set on fire. The remaining ships anchored for the night some one and half miles from the fort and in the morning crossed over the bar. SOPHIE had 6 killed and 16 wounded and HERMES 17 killed, 5 mortally wounded and 20 wounded. When finally taken by the British in February 1815 the fort mounted three long 32-pounders, eight 24s, six 12s, five 9s and a mortar and a howitzer. The garrison consisted of 375 officers and men. A court-martial concluded that the attack was justified by the circumstances.
In December SEAHORSE, ARMIDE and SOPHIE were sent from Pensacola by Vice- Admiral COCHRANE to Lake Borgne where the Bayou Catalan (or De Pecheurs) at the head of the lake, and 60 miles from the troop ship anchorage, was to be the disembarkation point for the attack on New Orleans. They reported that two American gun boats, large light- draught sloops, had fired on them as they passed Cat Island and three more were seen from the masthead, so when the fleet arrived on the 11th all their boats were placed under the command of Capt. LOCKYER of SOPHIE and sent into the lake to hunt them out. (The boats came from TONNANT, NORGE, BEDFORD, ROYAL OAK, RAMILLIES, ARMIDE, CYDNUS, SEAHORSE, TRAVE, SOPHIE, METEOR, BELLE POULE and GORGON)
He formed the boats into three squadrons, the first commanded by himself, the second by Capt. MONTRESOR of MANLEY and the third by Capt. ROBERTS of METEOR, and they sailed on the night of the 12th. After a tedious row of 36 hours they located the five American vessels drawn up in line abreast at anchor off St. Joseph's Island. Capt. ROBERTS cut off and captured an armed brig that attempted to join them.
At 10 o'clock on the morning of the 14th the boats had closed to within long gun-shot and Capt. LOCKYER ordered their crews to breakfast. When they had finished they took to their oars and pulled up to the enemy against a strong current under a heavy fire of round and grape. The whole of the flotilla was boarded and taken within five minutes but the British losses were heavy, 3 midshipmen, 13 seamen and 1 private marine killed; 1 captain, 4 lieutenants, 1 lieutenant of marines, 3 master's mates, 7 midshipmen, 50 seamen and 11 marines wounded. Some of the wounded, including Lieut. PRATT of SEAHORSE who was in Capt. LOCKYER's boat, died later. SOPHIE's only casualty was Capt. LOCKYER who was severely wounded. The captured flotilla carried 16 long guns, 14 carronades, 2 howitzers, 12 swivels and 245 men, 6 of whom were killed and 35 wounded. Vice-Ad. COCHRANE, considering
the captured flotilla as the equivalent of a 36-gun frigate appointed Capt. LOCKYER to command it as soon as his wounds permitted. (Capt. MONTRESOR took command pro. tem.)
1815 ditto, West Indies. Capt. LOCKYER was promoted to post rank on 19 March 1815.
1816- Chatham. 1820 Sir W.S. WISEMAN, 8/18, fitting out for Jamaica. He was posted into TAMAR,26, on 22 November 1820 following the death of Capt. Arthur SNOW.
1822 George FRENCH, 12/20, E.Indies until 20 July 1822 when he was transferred to LEANDER. Unfortunately his commission did not arrive before LEANDER had sailed leaving him on half pay in Madras. He had to return home at his own expense.
George RYVES was appointed out of ALLIGATOR, where he was first lieutenant, to act as commander in SOPHIE on 8 April 1823. His appointment was confirmed in the following October. At the outbreak of the Burma War SOPHIE and the little paddle steamer DIANA were placed under the command of Frederick MARRYAT in LARNE.
The people of SOPHIE joined with those of ARACHNE in the naval force cooperating with the army in the attack on Martaban, about 10O miles east of Rangoon, on 30 October 1824. Lieut. BAZELY's gallantry was especially mentioned in the report by Lieut.-Colonel Sir A. Campbell.
When the post at Kemmendine was hard pressed by the enemy Capt. CHADS, the senior officer at Rangoon, ordered Cdr. RYVES on 2 December 1824 to sail on the next flood to support Major Yates commanding on shore. Lieut. KELLETT with ARACHNE's boats and 30 seamen in the gunboats were placed under his orders.
Cdr. RYVES was invalided home in April 1825.
SOUTHAMPTON,32. (1757 Rotherhithe. Wrecked 1812) 1799 Capt. John HARVEY, to the West Indies on 5 January. 1802 Capt. Christopher COLE, Leeward Is. After the Peace of Amiens SOUTHAMPTON was ordered home and paid off in September. 1803- under repair at Portsmouth.
1811 Capt. E.L. GRAHAM, convoy to the West Indies. Later in the year Sir James YEO, Jamaica.
On 17 October 1812 SOUTHAMPTON and RHODIAN captured the schooner RISING SUN bound for Charleston from New York, and on 7 November the schooner ELINOR JANE from Alexandria to Charleston. With help from VARIABLE the two ships captured the ship GEORGE AND MARY, the brig VENUS and the brig HELEN all bound for Lisbon from Charleston on 12 November.
After capturing the United States brig VIXEN, of 14 guns and 138 men, on 22 November, SOUTHAMPTON was returning to Jamaica with her prize through the Crooked Island passage in the Bahamas when, during the night of 27 November, they were both driven by a strong westerly current on to an uncharted reef of rock which extends eight or nine miles from Conception Island. (Between Cat Island and Rum Cay in the Bahamas) This reef was unknown to the Barbadian pilot on board. SOUTHAMPTON bilged almost immediately and the prize remained afloat for only a few hours but the crews of both were saved. A court martial cleared Sir James YEO, his officers and crew, of blame for the loss of the ship. Sir James returned to Portsmouth as a passenger in the BRAZEN, arriving on 9 February 1813.
SOUTHAMPTON,60. (1820 Deptford. Training ship 1867) 1822- Sheerness. 1828 Capt. George Fred. RICH, 12/28, Chatham. 1829 Capt. Peter FISHER, 1/29, 1/29, East Indies. 1831 Cdr. John M. LAWS, (act. Capt.) 4/31, (mis-printed as 1821 in Navy List) East Indies. She returned to Chatham during 1832 and joined Vice Ad. Sir Pulteney MALCOLM`s fleet which blockaded Dutch ports following Holland`s difference with the great Powers over Belgium. This lasted until December when the French captured Antwerp. 1841 Capt. Thomas OGLE, 10/41, Flag Ship at Cape of Good Hope. Following a Boer blockade of the 27th regiment in the fort at Durban, Capt. Ogle was sent with SOUTHAMPTON and the schooner CONCH with to take part of the 25th and 27th regiments from Capetown and Algoa Bay to Port Natal. They were landed over the bar by CONCH on 25 July, the Boers fled and surrendered on 5 July. 1844 Chatham. Lent to the Hull Committee as a training ship on 18 June 1867. Sold at Blyth 26 June 1912.
SPARKLER,12. Gunbrig (1797 Rotherhithe. Sold 1802) 1800 Lieut. William WALKER, Portsmouth. On 27 June a court martial was held on board
GLADIATOR on Mr William O'KELLY, surgeon of SPARKLER. he was charged with behaving in a mutinous, riotous and disorderly manner on 25 May in that; he disobeyed the lieutenant's orders, struck Mr ALLEN, the clerk, said he did not give a damn for the lieutenant and, after he was arrested, snapping a loaded pistol several times at the sentinel.The court found that the charges had been proved in part and sentenced him to the Marshalsea Prison for two years with the loss of all his pay.
On 1 July it was Lieut WALKER`s turn to face a court martial. He was charged with having entered the name of his son, aged one year, in the ship`s muster book as an able seaman and drawn his pay; with failing to mark the book with an `R` against men who had deserted, and drawing their pay as though they were still on board; with `shortening` provisions issued to the ship`s company and drawing it onshore for use on his own table.
He was also charged with drawing provisions for 50 men, more than the ship`s compant. The charges were proved in part and he was sentenced to be dismissed from his Majesty`s navy.
On 9 September CHAMPION, DOLPHIN, SPARKLER and BOUNCER drove on shore and destroyed two sloops near Marcou.
SPARKLER was sold after the Peace of Amiens in 1802.
SPARKLER,12. Gunbrig, (1804 Brightlingsea. Wrecked 1808) 1805- Lieut. James Samuel Asked DENNIS, Downs station. SPARKLER was driven ashore by a gale and wrecked on the Dutch coast on 15 January 1808. All the crew except for fourteen were saved but taken prisoner.
SPARROW,12, cutter, (built 1780, out of List 1803) commanded by Lieut. John Consett Peers 1795 - 1798 on Jamaica station, she and TARTAR took five French prizes out of Port Plate in June 1797. (see YORK) Lieut. Whily from April 1798-.
SPARROW,16. (1805 Yarmouth. Sold 1816) 1805 Fitting out at Sheerness. 1807 Hon. W. PACKENHAM, North Sea. Rowland BEVAN, to the West Indies on 16 November. 1808 Edward BURT, coast of Spain. 1809 ditto, West Indies. SPARROW took part in the blockade of the city of San Domingo which led to the surrender of the French garrison there on 7 July. On 1 July Capt. Price CUMBY in POLYPHEMUS anchored at Caleta and complied with a request from Major-Gen CARMICHAEL to put eight of the guns from that ship aboard SPARROW, to be landed at Palenqui for the use of the batteries to the westward of the city. Two of the guns were manhandled some 30 miles across almost impassable country from Adre Bay. 1810 J.R. ROWLEY, Jamaica.
1811 Joseph Needham TAYLER, 2/2/11. During the summer of 1811 SPARROW cruised off San Domingo and in the Mona passage until she was ordered to join ELK in escorting a convoy of merchantmen from Negril Bay to England where she arrived on 27 September having recaptured a large ship on the way. After a refit SPARROW joined the squadron operating along the north coast of Spain where Capt. TAYLER surveyed Socoa and St. Jean de Luz and drew plans of French fortifications along the coast. In June and July 1812 SPARROW formed part of Sir Home POPHAM's squadron which attacked enemy positions in the 50 mile stretch of coast to the west of San Sebastian. Lekeitio was reduced on 21 June followed by the destruction of fortifications at Bermeo, Castro and Plencia. At Plencia, where there were batteries on either side of the inlet below the bar of the Bilboa river, Capt. TAYLER blew up one corner of a fort and was in the act of ramming a stone into the train-hole preparatory to demolishing the rest, when some gunpowder accidentally ignited and set off the mine. The shock stunned the captain and he was nearly killed by masonry which fell close to him. Several men were badly burnt and the gunner nearly lost his sight.
On 18 July SPARROW assisted in an attack on Getaria and shortly after she covered the landing of a party from the squadron which set up a battery on the island of Mouro at the entance of Santander harbour. SPARROW lost one man killed and two wounded from musket fire and seven shots from a field piece which damaged her boats and sails. Fortunately the heavy guns in the battery would not depress sufficiently to aim at her hull. Later Capt. TAYLER took soundings and cross-bearings in the harbour for a future attack. While surveying Santona SPARROW had one man severely wounded by a musket ball from the shore. During the winter gales the rest of the squadron kept to the westward of Cape Machichaco but SPARROW maintained contact the Spanish coast to the east and captured a French letter of marque and a brig.
Castro de Urdeales had been garrisoned by 120O Spanish troops after its capture the previous summer and, after two attempts to retake it had failed, the French invested it with increased forces, estimated at 13,000 men, on 25 April 1813. SPARROW, LYRA, ROYALIST and the schooner ALPHEA arrived on 4 May to support the garrison.
On the 7th one of SPARROW's 24- pounders was landed with great difficulty on a small island within point-blank range of a battery of two 12-pounders the French had erected to the westward of the town. The gun had to be parbuckled 60O feet up a sheer rock face. (Parbuckle:- Two ropes with one end fastened at the high point. The other ends are looped round the gun-barrel and back up to the other end) It was fitted with a new sight designed by Capt. TAYLER resulting in most shells falling in the enemy batteries. During the day SPARROW, and her boats at night, kept watch off Portugalete where the French were rumoured to have guns waiting to be transported to Castro.
Capt. TAYLER was in the act of aiming a carronade at an enemy column when it was struck by 12-pound shot which made a dent equal to half the diameter of the ball in the upper part of the breech and destroyed the carriage. The gun was then lashed to a rock and the fire maintained. A second 24-pounder was landed from SPARROW on the 10th but when the enemy made a breach in the wall their position on the island became untenable and Capt. BLOYE of LYRA ordered its evacuation the following day when the French broke through into the town with about 3000 men. The garrison, after disputing the advance house by house, was evacuated by the boats of the squadron but two companies remained in the castle and managed to throw all the guns into the sea although they were unable to blow it up before the breakthrough; however all the troops were brought off and landed safely at Bermeo. Here SPARROW and ROYALIST took on board 140 French prisoners and carried them to Corunna.
SPARROW had 10 men wounded:- Charles WEIR, quarter gunner; Thomas COLLETTE, quarter-master; two seamen and two marines. ROYALIST lost 4 wounded and the garrison had about 100 killed and wounded. The French losses were estimated to be at least 2500 men.
During the night of 10 June SPARROW and CONSTANT, answering a call for assistance from Spanish troops hard pressed by the enemy, closed the shore and brought off 1270 soldiers at Lekeitio and delivered them safely at Santander.
After the French occupation of Castro the British cruisers maintained a blockade which cut off all supplies to the garrison. The French commandant resolved to retire to Santona and the sudden arrival of SPARROW on the scene on 22 June obliged him to do this so precipitately that he was prevented from destroying his artillery and powder although a lighted match was found beside a powder trail. SPARROW's seamen and marines promptly occupied the castle. They found only a few old women among the ruins of the town, the Franco-Italian garrison having carried out a policy of indiscriminate slaughter amongst the inhabitants, more than 3000 being killed. Fourteen of those responsible were later taken in Bilbao and put to death.
SPARROW then sailed Plymouth with dispatches anouncing the defeat of the French at the battle of Vittoria which had taken place on 20 June and she returned as quickly as possible to join Sir George COLLIER's squadron off San Sebastian, under siege by Wellington's army. Capt. TAYLER was ordered to set up a battery with one of SPARROW's carronades high up above the town then, after two breaches had been made in the walls, the vessels in the squadron were ordered to make a diversionary attack while the town was stormed. The attack was unsuccessful and abandoned after 900 casualties. When Capt. TAYLER rejoined his battery ashore he was badly injured by a shell which fell on top of him.
1813 F.E. LOCH, 16/8/13, Channel fleet until September 1814. On 1 September 1813 SPARROW's boats joined those from eleven other vessels under the command of Capt. GALLWAY of DISPATCH to demonstrate off the rock at San Sebastian while an assault was made on a breach by Wellington's troops. (SURVEILLANTE, REVOLUTIONAIRE, PRESIDENT, LYRA, BEAGLE, DISPATCH, CHALLENGER, HOLLY, JUNIPER, Gunboats 14 and 16)
Their appearance had the effect of diverting a large proportion of the garrison when the attack was made at 11 A.M. and the town was entered by half past one. During the attack which led to the fall of San Sebastian on the 8th, SPARROW and CHALLENGER were stationed off the Bidassoa.
Six weeks later Wellington asked for another demonstration while he was attacking the French lines and VESUVIUS, CHALLENGER, RACER and SPARROW were ordered off the harbour of St. Jean de Luz to see what damage they could do. Unfortunately the swell was so heavy on the morning of the 10th that nothing more than a demonstration could be undertaken. However it kept the enemy batteries occupied and SPARROW received some slight damage to her hull and sails.
In thick weather off Brest on 26 March SPARROW fell in with two French frigates, ETOILE and SULTANE. In the subsequent action SPARROW's master was killed and two of her seamen were wounded before HANNIBAL and HEBRUS came to her rescue and forced the French to surrender.
The following summer she was employed in bringing to England generals on the staffs of the allied sovereigns and convoying paid-off Sardinian soldiers to Genoa.
SPARROW,10. Cutter. (1828 Pembroke. BU 1866) 1830 Lieut. John MOFFATT, 7/28, Portsmouth. June 1831 Portsmouth. 1833 Lieut. C.W. RILES, 11/32, Portsmouth. Jan. 1836- Portsmouth. 1838 Lieut. Robert LOWCAY, 2/37, South America. 1840 Lieut. John TYSSEN, 10/39, South America.
SPARROWHAWK. (1807 Brightlingsea. 'Cruizer'. 1841) 1808 James PRINGLE, coast of Spain. She took a French privateer ESPERANCE,14, off Cherbourg on 12 January 1809 and the INTREPID,6, off Marseilles on 19 June 1810.
The French had entered Catalonia with an army of 10,OOO men but with little means of keeping them supplied, so in December 1810 SPARROWHAWK and MINSTREL with AJAX,74 and CAMBRIAN,38, joined a small squadron under Capt. Thomas ROGERS in KENT,74 to prevent supplies reaching Barcelona.
A 14-gun ketch, two 3-gun zebecs and eight merchant vessels were sighted lying in the harbour at Palamos, some 60 miles eastwards along the coast, and Capt. ROGERS, relying on the local knowledge of CAMBRIAN's Capt. FANE decided to destroy them.
The mole at Palamos was protected by two 24-pounders and a 13" mortar mounted in batteries high in the hills and there were about 250 soldiers in the town. At 1 P.M. on 13 December 350 seamen and 250 marines landed on the beach under close cover provided by SPARROWHAWK and MINSTREL. They took the town and the batteries as the French withdrew to a windmill on a hill and watched as they spiked the guns and blew up the magazine. The enemy vessels were burnt except for two which were brought out.
Instead of withdrawing to the beach where CAMBRIAN, MINSTREL and SPARROWHAWK were waiting for them, the men came down in some disorder through the town where they were ambushed by the French who had been reinforced from St. Felice. The boats had to leave the beach to pick up men from the mole where they came under heavy musket fire, and several were killed as they tried to swim out to the boats.
The total British losses were:- Two officers, 19 seamen and 12 marines killed; 15 officers, 42 seamen and 32 marines wounded; 2 officers, 42 seamen and 43 marines missing. SPARROWHAWK contributed 1 man killed and and an officer and 2 others wounded to the total.
She took the privateer INVINCIBLE with two nine-pounders and 33 men off Malaga on 6 November 1811.
In January 1812 SPARROWHAWK came under the orders of Capt. CODRINGTON in BLAKE who was cooperating with Spanish forces planning to attack Tarragona on the night of the 19th. SPARROWHAWK was stationed off the the mole to maintain contact with the army on that side and MEROPE to the eastward for the same purpose, while BLAKE kept the French in the town occupied. In spite of the wind increasing to a gale CODRINGTON stood on and off keeping the bombardment up until daylight but no attack took place nor could they see any Spanish troops in the morning. Because of the bad weather they were unable to make contact with the shore but on the 23rd, when the wind moderated he received a request to go eastward to Mataro but the three vessels take shelter in Villanueva on the 25th when a severe gale came up. They were about to anchor when MEROPE made a signal for the enemy on the road to the west and opened fire on them. The other two joined in and they disabled three wagons and dispersed a number of troops before moving west to Vendrel where they saw some 30OO men including cavalry and artillery moving along the coast. The French immediately fled inland but, by elevating their guns to maximum elevation, the British vessels managed to give them a few broadsides before dark.
The average time for a voyage from Falmouth to San Sebastian or Passages was eight to ten days, depending on the weather and the prevailing wind. Col. Colborne, sailing as a passenger in SPARROWHAWK from Plymouth in July 1813 wrote: "We ran up the Bay of Biscay in three days, so in about four days I found myself on active service again."
1814 Thomas CLOWES, Mediterranean. 1815 Frederick William BURGOYNE, Leith. 1816 ditto, Mediterranean.
1817-22 Chatham. 1822 Edward BOXER. Lieut. Richard Saunders DUNDAS who had joined SPARROWHAWK in September 1822 was promoted to command her on the Halifax station on 23 June 1823 and advanced to the rank of captain while serving in the Mediterranean on 17 July 1824.
1824 Hon. Richard DUNDAS, 6/23,Portsmouth. 1825 Robert STUART, 11/24, Mediterranean. 1827 James POLKINGHORNE, 11/25, Cape of Good Hope. On 23 July 1828 she arrived at Port Louis, Mauritius. 1828 H. G. COLPOYS, 8/28, Cape of Good Hope. 1829 Thomas GILL, 4/29, Jamaica. 1831 Dawson MAYNE, 7/30, West Indies.
1832 Henry COLPOYS, 9/31, West Indies. She paid off at Portsmouth on 7 May 1833 having brought home 589,405 Mexican dollars. The day after her arrival at Spithead two of her crew were killed and three wounded by by the accidental discharge of a gun which had misfired during an exercise. 1834 Charles PEARSON, 11/33, Portsmouth. Jan. 1838 John SHEPHERD, 4/37, South America.
SPARTAN,38. (1806 Rochester. BU 1822) 1807 Capt. George AIRIE. (Rear Ad. Sir E. NAGLE) Guernsey station. Later in the year Capt. Jahleel BRENTON, 2/07, with Vice Ad. Lord COLLINGWOOD in the Mediterranean. (Capt. BRENTON had been captured in MINERVE on 2 July 1803 and remained a prisoner in Verdun until he was exchanged at the beginning of 1807)
On 23 April 1809 SPARTAN, with AMPHION and MERCURY, sighted a number of vessels lying in the mole at Pesaro. The ships anchored within a half a mile of the town and their boats formed into two divisions. The first, launches with carronades and other boats armed with field pieces, under the command of Lieut. PHILOTT of AMPHION, to the northwest, and the 2nd consisting of rocket boats under Lieut. BAUMGARDTT of SPARTAN, to the south.
Capt. BRENTON sent a flag of truce on shore demanding the surrender of all the vessels within half an hour but, when no answer was received and troops were seen massing in the streets as the inhabitants employed themselves in dismantling the vessels, he hauled down the flag of truce and fired one shot as a warning to the women and children then made the signal to open fire. When several flags of truce were hung out in the town he ceased fire and Lieut. WILLIS went ashore to find that the commandant and his troops had fled. The marines were then landed and drawn up along the marina, the launches were stationed to enfilade the main streets and the other boat's crews employed in rigging the vessels and laying out warps ready for the tide to flow.
Capt. BRENTON then received a letter from the commandant asking for another hour for deliberation but he replied that he considered that the place had surrendered at discretion and in case of resistance the town would be destroyed. At half past six thirteen vessels deeply laden with oil, hides, almonds, tallow, planks and spars were brought off. Burning the remainder would have threatened the town so the castle at the harbour mouth was blown up.
There were no British casualties but one man from the town was killed as he approached the castle after the match had been lighted in spite of musket shots over his head to drive him away. He was buried by the rubble.
On 2 May SPARTAN and MERCURY chased two vessels into the port of Ceseratico to join several others lying there. The narrow entrance was defended by a battery of two 24-pounders and a castle and the water was so shallow that the boats had to be sent ahead to signal when the found three fathoms. by this means the ships were able to anchor within grape range of the battery and soon silenced it. Lieut. WILLIS took possession of it and turned its guns on the castle and town, which were soon deserted. Twelve vessels were captured, some laden with corn for Venice and some in ballast. The latter were filled with hemp and iron of the quay and, after spiking the guns and blowing up the castle and magazine, the boats came off without loss. MERCURY ran aground but in such a position as gave full effect to her fire and she was hove off without injury.
Eight days later Capt. BRENTON, with Baron Ocharnick and a detachment of Austrian troops compelled the 170 men forming the garrison on the Island of Lussin, on the coast of Croatia, to surrender.
In August 1809 Vice Ad. Lord COLLINGWOOD proposed that Zante, Cephalonia etc. of the Seven Islands should be seized while the French were involved in the defence of Naples. Capt. SPANGLER of WARRIOR was placed in command and he sailed with PHILOMEL and transports of troops from Messina on 23 September. At the same time SPARTAN sailed from Malta with Mr Foresti, who had been British resident in the islands, and Count Clandan, a Cephalonian gentleman of influence.
On 2 October troops landed on Zante after SPARTAN, BELLEPOULE and the gunboats had silenced the batteries. The French retired to a castle and capitulated later in the day while the local inhabitants rejoiced in their expulsion.
On 9 October SPARTAN ran into the bay at Avlemmeno, Cerigo, and silenced the two forts there; St. Nicholas, a stone building with nine guns and St. Joaquin, an embrasure battery with two 18- and two 9-pounders Troops of the 35th regiment under Major Clarke were landed by Lieut. WILLES in a prize schooner and made several prisoners. The following day variable winds prevented SPARTAN getting round to attack the castle of Casel in the Bay of Cerigo so troops were landed in a small cove in the Bay of St. Nicholas together with one watch from SPARTAN with three small field pieces. Capt. BRENTON landed with them so he could command the recources of the ship by signal. Because of difficult country it was the morning of the 11th before they reached the castle and opened an exchange of fire which continued for the rest of the day. In the evening some rockets were landed and thrown at the castle during the night. The following morning Capt. BRENTON ordered two 12-pounders to be landed but before they could be disembarked the French capitulated.
Lieut. WILLES was sent in the prize schooner to Capt. SPANGLER at Zante with dispatches. (Ithaca had surrendered to troops and seamen from PHILOMEL on the 10th.)
On 1 May 1810 SPARTAN and SUCCESS chased a French squadron consisting of CERES,42, FAME,28, SPARVIERE, an 8-gun brig, and ACHILLES, a 10-gun cutter, into Naples where they took refuge behind the mole. To encourage the French to come out again Capt. BRENTON sent SUCCESS to the rendezvous south-west of the Isle of Capri while he remained in the Bay.
At daylight on the 3rd the French squadron, reinforced with eight gunboats, stood out in a close line. The two frigates exchanged broadsides at pistol shot before SPARTAN cut off the cutter and gunboats from the rest of the squadron. The enemy was prevented from wearing by SPARTAN on their weather beam so they made for the bprotection of the batteries at Baia. the crippled state of SPARTAN prevented her following them but she raked the frigate and the corvette as they passed and cut off the brig which was captured.
SPARTAN lost 10 killed, Mr W. ROBSON, master's mate, six seamen and three marines. Twenty-two were wounded including Capt. BRENTON, who was severely wounded by a grape shot which struck him on the hip, and Lieut. F.W. WILLES who took over command. Mr DURIN, the purser took charge of a division of guns on the main deck in the absence of their officer who was absent in a prize with 8 men. The other officers were Lieuts. BAUMGARTT and BOURNE and Mr SLENNER, the master. The quarter deck guns were commanded by Capt. Hoste of the Royal Engineers who was on board to recconoitre the enemy positions on the coast. The enemy mustered about 1100 men of whom they admitted losing 30 killed and 90 wounded apart from those in the brig.
The Patriotic Fund of Lloyd's voted him a sword valued at 100 guineas and the King of the two Sicilies presented him with the Grand Cross of the order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit. (Capt. BRENTON was made a Baronet in November 1812 and a K.C.B. in January 1815.)
1811 Captain Edward Pelham BRENTON, Capt. Jalheel BRENTON's brother was appointed to SPARTAN in September 1810. After cruising in the Channel he was sent to reinforce the squadron under Vice Ad. SAWYER at Halifax.
SPARTAN was active against American privateers. The schooner ACTIVE,2, was taken off Cape Sable on 16 July 1812, the sloop ACTRESS,4, off Cape St. Mary on 18 July, the schooner INTENTION,1, off Anapolis on the 19th. The schooners MORNING STAR,1, and POLLY,1, were captured by MAIDSTONE and SPARTAN in the Bay of Fundy on 1 August and burnt by the boats in a creek called Baily's Mistake. The same two ships captured the revenue cutter COMMODORE BARRY,6, and the schooners MADISON,2, OLIVE,2, and SPENCE,2, in Little River, Bay of Fundy, on the 3 August. The prizes were brought out by the boats but most of their crews escaped.
Among the prizes captured and condemned as droits of Admiralty was the MELANTHE from Valpariso with a cargo of hides and copper, and a brig laden with merino wool, opium and wine; each having on board several thousands of dollars.SPARTAN was paid off in September 1813.
1814 Portsmouth. 1815 Capt. Phipps HORNBY, Spithead for the Mediterranean. She paid off in July 1816.
1818 Capt. William Furlong WISE, 1/18, Portsmouth. During 1818 the Genoese ship MISERICORDIA was plundered by Algerine pirates and the Genoese Vice-consul treated with great indignity and expelled from Algiers. When a complaint was made to the British government of this violation of the treaty made with the Dey after the bombardment of August 1816 (Capt. WISE was present in GRANICUS), SPARTAN was sent from England to demand compensation.
Capt. WISE found that the Dey had died of plague on 1 March and, with the assistance of the British Consul, negociated a payment of 35,000 dollars for the property taken.
During the following year SPARTAN visited Madeira, Dominica, Vera Cruz, Jamaica, Barbados and Halifax, returning to England in July 1820. She returned to the American coast before being paid off in January 1821 after bringing back specie from New York.
SPARTAN,26. (1841 Devonport. Sold 1862) 1842 Capt. Hon. Charles ELLIOT, 8/41, N.A.W.I. 1846 Devonport.
SPARTIATE,74. (Taken in Aboukir Bay by Rear Ad. Sir Horatio NELSON on 1 August 1798. Hulk 1842) Capt. Hon. C. H. PIERREPOINT, 1/99. Capt. Lord W. STUART, 11/99. Plymouth. 180O out of commission at Plymouth. On 30 July 1801 SPARTIATE was hauled alongside the Jetty Head previous to going into dock during the afternoon of 1 August. She came out after a conplete repair on 31 December and went up the harbour to the highest moorings to be laid up in ordinary.
1803 Capt. George MURRAY, 3/03, Plymouth. On 10 March an Admiralty messenger arrived at Plymouth from London in 32 hours with dispatches for the Port Admiral, Rear Ad. DACRES. Within minutes preparations for war were under way with press gangs finding more than 40O seamen in the three towns during the following night and ships, SPARTIATE among them, being ordered to be made ready for commissioning. On the afternoon of 16 March a Captain and 10O Royal Marines embarked from the north stairs of the dockyard for SPARTIATE.
By the 23rd she had all her lower rigging overhead and her top-masts up and on 2 April the rigging was completed with all the lower and upper masts up, capped and rigged over-head and with all the standing and running rigging set up. She was nearly provisioned and stored and only awaited the arrival of her crew. PLANTAGENET, TONNANT, MARS and MALTA were all at the same stage of preparation.
At 6 o'clock on the morning of the 10 April several ships in the Hamoaze made signals for going down the harbour. These were answered by Admiral Lord KEITH and the boats of the fleet assembled with the Master, Attendants and the King's Pilots. At seven o'clock MALTA, TONNANT and SPARTIATE got under weigh, with the wind from the N.N.W. being just enough to swell their sails, and they passed down the harbour before the spectators gathered along the shore to Cawsand Bay.
Capt. MANLEY, 6/03, Plymouth. On 1 June TONNANT, SPARTIATE and MARS sailed for their first cruise accompanied by BOADICEA,38, HAZARD,18, SEAGULL,18, and RAMBLER,14.
On 13 September 1803 SPARTIATE came into Plymouth for a refit before sailing to rejoin the inshore squadron of observation off the Black Rock.
1804 At the beginning of April SPARTIATE sailed from Plymouth to join the blockading squadron off Ferrol and Coruna bringing the number of ships of the line on that station to nine, besides frigates and cutters.
Capt. Sir Francis LAFOREY. SPARTIATE, refitting in the Hamoaze on 165 December for her station off Ferrol took on board twelve months' provisions and stores
She went missing from from Sir Edward PELLEW's squadron off Ferrol and Corunna on 24 December 1803, the day previous to a severe hurricane. She had been last seen to leeward by a part of the squadron and great fears were expressed for her safety. She eventually arrived in Beerhaven Bay on 16 January after experiencing severe weather for more than three weeks in the Western Ocean. She returned to Plymouth on 10 March and sailed again at the end of the month.
1805 refitting in the Hamoaze, During January a seaman fell to his death from the main-yard. It was assumed that his fingers were benumbed by the excessive cold and he lost his hold. In the spring SPARTIATE sailed for the West Indies from which she returned with Lord NELSON in pursuit of the combined fleet.
At Trafalgar SPARTIATE was in NELSON's weather column. She and MINOTAUR, one on each side, poured shot into the Spanish NEPTUNO,80, for an hour. The enemy ship surrendered at ten minutes past five but then drifted out of control into the TEMERAIRE which had two prizes lashed to her sides. NEPTUNO had 73 casualties, SPARTIATE lost 3 killed and 20 wounded.
Capt. LAFORY sat in the mourning coach which carried the standard at Lord NELSON's funeral on 9 January 1806.
SPARTIATE was then employed guarding the coasts of Sicily until Capt. LAFOREY was promoted to Rear Admiral in July 1810.
On 11 June 1809 Ad. George MARTIN in CANOPUS sailed from Melazzo with his majesty's ships SPARTIATE, WARRIOR, CYANE and ESPOIR, transports and British and Sicilian gunboats; the whole amounting to 133 sail. He sailed into the Gulf of Eufemia and close along the coast of Calabria to draw attention from Lower Calabria where PHILOMEL had landed two regiments of infantry to destroy enemy batteries.
On the 15th they were joined by 10O sail from Palermo accompanied by ALCESTE and two Sicilian frigates. Sicilian troops under Gen. Boucard were landed in Calabria as a diversion while the the British and Sicilians from Melazzo attacked the islands of Ischia and Procala. The latter capitulated on the 25th and the last castle on Ischia surrendered on 1 July.
1811 out of commission at Plymouth.
SPEAKER,1. GV. 1799 William BENNET, Waterford.
SPECULATOR,10. (Hired lugger) 180O H. HALES, North Sea. 1803 Lieut. Robert YOUNG, Downs. On the 19 December 1803 SPECULATOR was cruising off Dunkirk with Gravelines bearing east by south some 4 or 5 miles distant when Lieut. YOUNG sighted four gun boats, full of troops, running along the shore towards Calais. He closed and, although the enemy opened fire from six long 4-pounders on the shore, he had the satisfaction of driving all four of them ashore where two were wrecked by the sea breaking over them.
SPEEDWELL. (Hired schooner) 1799 Lieut. Robert TOMLINSON, Channel. Fifteen miles to the north-west of Guernsey SPEEDWELL and VALIANT captured the French privateer lugger ESPERENCE of St. Malo after a chase of six hours on the 5 December 1799. Eight of her fourteen 3-pounders were thrown overboard in her attemps to escape. She had only 24 men on board having taken and manned four prizes, including a brig from Beaumaris captured that morning. On the following evening after a chase of nine hours, including a running fight for over an hour, they captured a French privateer brig L'HEREUSE SPECULATEUR two miles north of the islands. Armed with fourteen 6-pounders and carrying 58 men she was commanded by Louise Joseph Quoniam. He had been out for four days without taking any prizes although on previous cruises he had done a great deal of damage to English trade. The privateer lost one man killed and seven wounded.
1801 to the Mediterranean. She returned home on 23 April from Rhodes bringing as a passenger from Port Mahon, Lieut. JUMP, late of the SPRIGHTLY cutter which had been sunk by Gantheaume's squadron in the Straits before SPEEDWELL left Minorca. Lieut. TOMLINSON landed at St. Michael's Bay with dispatches which he took by express to London.
SPEEDWELL,14. Brig. (Purchased 1796) 1796 Lieut. E. WILLIAMS, 1/96. 1798 Lieut. J. REDDY, 8/98, Sheerness. On 24 September 1799 SPEEDWELL took part in an expedition into the Zuyder Zee under Vice-Ad MITCHELL which culminated in a landing at Enkhausen where the inhabitants expressed their pleasure at being delivered from the Batavian Republic and their loyalty to the house of Orange. ESPIEGLE and SPEEDWELL were sent to scour the coast from Severen to Lemmer to determine the disposition of the people. (BABET, DART, ESPIEGLE, LADY ANN and SPEEDWELL went into the Zuyder Zee. ISIS, MELPOMENE and JUNO, which were off shore with yards and top-masts struck due to the gale which had been blowing the day before, supplied all the marines and seamen which could be spared)
1803 Out of commission at Sheerness in the spring. Later in the year commanded by Lieut. W. ROBERTSON. She sailed from Portsmouth on 20 November and returned from the Downs on 14 February 1804 with the ALBION and INDEFATIGABLE transports and several other outward bound vessels.
On 19 March 1804 SPEEDWELL entered Portsmouth with the American ship HAMPTON, C. Isaacs, master, which had been chased by several cruisers in the Channel but had outsailed them. Lieut. ROBERTSON had been lucky to come across her in the dark the previous night about 30 miles from the Isle of Wight. HAMPTON was laden with property from English ships captured by French privateers and taken into Teneriffe. Here it was sold to Dutch merchants who were shipping it to Amsterdam with papers pretending HAMPTON was bound for the neutral port of Emden.
On 9 May SPEEDWELL and PLUTO sailed to cruise off Cherbourg.
SPEEDWELL (A brig privateer of London) At the beginning of July 1801 she captured the St. Malo privateer schooner MALOUIN, Capt. L'Orient. The presence of 46 English prisoners on aboard prevented the Frenchman getting out his sweeps, otherwise he would have escaped in the light airs. MALOUIN had been responsible for capturing a large number of homeward bound vessels from the West Indies. When she arrived in Plymouth on 16 July, one of the prisoners, the captain of the PRINCESS OF WALES, belonging to Messrs. Vaughans of London, was surprised to find his old ship in the Cattewater; she had been recaptured by the privateers LORD NELSON of Plymouth and TRIMMER of Portsmouth. She was said to be worth 36,000 pounds.
© 1995, 2000 Michael Phillips
Additions to Savage 20 Aug. 00. Serapis 1779 added 23.Oct. 00 Sparrow 1780 added, 2 Nov.00. Additions to Southampton 1820 1 Dec.00. Edward Pelham Brenton added to Spartan. Feb. 02. Shannon, new information, 4 June 03.