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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II
(2,899 Awards)

To date we have compiled full-text citations for only 678 of these heroes. If you have additional citations, please EMAIL us.

A-G  H-Z

ABBOTT, WILLIAM EDWIN
Aviation Machinist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy
Patrol bomber Squadron 104 (VPB-104),
Date of Action: December 12, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Edwin Abbott, Aviation Machinist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in military operations against the enemy. On 12 December 1944, Aviation Machinist's Mate Third Class Abbott, as first mechanic on a Navy Liberator on armed combat patrol, penetrating a thousand miles into enemy territory over northwest Borneo, salvaged enough fuel from a gas line tank pierced by savage enemy fire, to enable his plane to return to its base. In so doing he braved intense fumes, until unconscious, he fell to his death. He thereby sacrificed his life for those of his fellow crew members. His action showed undaunted courage, fierce tenacity, an absolute disregard for personal safety and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
VPB-104 File P15 MM, Serial 051 (December 22, 1944)
Birth: 6/29/1925 - St. Joseph, MO
Home Town: Peoria, IL

ABEL, BRENT MAXWELL
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Budkley
Date of Action: May 6, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Brent Maxwell Abel, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Buckley in offensive action against a German submarine during the early morning of May 6, 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 5/16/1916 - Washington, DC
Home Town: Scarsdale, NY

*ABELE, MANNERT LINCOLN
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Grunion
Date of Action: June 30 - July 24, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Mannert Lincoln Abele, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Grunion. Lieutenant Commander Abele conducted an aggressive and successful submarine war patrol from June 30, 1942 to July 24, 1942. He pressed home all attacks in such a skillful and resolute manner that he attacked and sank in one day, three enemy destroyers of the Towlekju Class. Despite severe anti-submarine measures, he brought his ship safely through these counter attacks but was subsequently lost from an unknown cause. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 25 (November 23, 1942)
Birth: 7/11/1903 - Quincy, MA
Home Town: Newton Highland, MA

ABERCROMBIE, LAWRENCE ALLEN
(First Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Drayton
Date of Action: December 24, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lawrence Allen Abercrombie, Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in line of his profession as Commanding Officer of U.S.S. Drayton on December 24, 1941, conducting operations with that destroyer which resulted in the destruction of an enemy vessel. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 10/11/1897 - Lawrence, MA
Home Town: Lawrence, MA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

ABERCROMBIE, LAWRENCE ALLEN
(Second Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Lampson
Date of Action: October 22, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lawrence Allen Abercrombie, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as the Commanding Officer of a destroyer division which engaged Japanese naval forces in a daring daylight raid on the enemy patrol line south of the Gilbert Islands on October 22, 1942. Commander Abercrombie skillfully maneuvered his division, exercising such brilliant tactical judgment that heavy damage was inflicted upon the enemy. Two enemy vessels were sunk by the gunfire of his force, and repeated air attacks were repelled without damage to the ships or crews under his command. Through his leadership this bold mission was brought to a highly successful conclusion. Commander Abercrombie's courageous conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Birth: 10/11/1897 - Lawrence, MA
Home Town: Lawrence, MA
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

*ABERCROMBIE, WILLIAM WARNER
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Warner Abercrombie, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as a pilot of Torpedo Squadron Eight in the 'Air Battle of Midway', against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Abercrombie, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service
Birth: 7/24/1914 - Medford, OR
Home Town: Merriam, KS

ABERNATHY, ELMER P.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Pecos
Date of Action: March 1, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Elmer P. Abernathy, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Pecos during its bombardment and sinking by Japanese air forces off Christmas Island on March 1, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 6/14/1899 - Oklahoma City, OK
Home Town: Los Angeles, CA

ABERNATHY, LOUIS MARTIN
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Louis Martin Abernathy, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier based torpedo aircraft in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. Lieutenant (j.g.) Abernathy skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a bombing attack against a battleship-carrier despite intense anti-aircraft fire, and scored a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to the major damage inflicted on the ship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2ndCarTaskForPac. File C2CTF/P15/618 over 01680 Serial 0207 (September 1, 1945)
Home Town: Crystal City, MO

ACHOR, MERLIN F.
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy R
Corpsman, 4th Marine Division (Attached)
Date of Action: February 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Merlin F. Achor, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against enemy Japanese forces while serving with a Marine rifle battalion on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands on 24 February 1945. In an attempt to reach a Marine who had been wounded by enemy machine gun fire, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Achor left his sheltered position and with utter disregard for his personal safety ran directly into the line of enemy fire. After advancing five yards he was hit by the enemy machine gun fire. Despite agonizing pain, he persisted in his attempt to reach the wounded man once again and was himself wounded, this time seriously. Weak from loss of blood and exhausted by his efforts to maintain his footing in the loose volcano sand, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Achor finally reached the wounded Marine and then still under intense fire, administered life-saving first aid. Although he himself required immediate medical attention, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Achor refused to leave the front lines until he had dragged his patient to safety and directed his evacuation to the battalion aid station. His courageous conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComGenFMFPac Serial 41851, File 1740-55-55 0296/262 (June 9, 1945)

*ACREE, LLOYD EDGAR
Aviation Ordnanceman Third Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Salt Lake City
Date of Action: October 11 - 12, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lloyd Edgar Acree, Aviation Ordnanceman Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism on the night of October 11-12, 1942. On that date Task Group 64.2, of which the U.S.S. Salt Lake City was a unit, engaged a Japanese force of cruisers and destroyers. Aviation Ordnanceman Third Class Acree was a relief fuse pot loader on five-inch gun #1. During the action, Acree was struck by shell fragments in the arm and abdomen, causing him to fall to the deck. Despite his injuries, he continued to hold the shell and to protect the base and primer with his hand. Both the main arm and 5-inch batteries of the ship were firing at the same time, and a shell rolling loose on the deck would have constituted a serious hazard to personnel and might well have hampered the effectiveness of the forward five-inch battery. During the next lull, he was given first aid, but died shortly thereafter. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Letter (February 26, 1943), P15/(02) Serial 0319
Birth: 7/31/1920 - Beggs, OK
Home Town: Tulsa, OK

ADAIR, ROBERT FLYN
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Kadashan Bay
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Flyn Adair, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action on October 25, 1944, while serving as a pilot embarked off the Kadashan Bay and deployed over Samar during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippines. Lieutenant Robert Adair, division leader of one of the torpedo plane divisions, was ordered to attack the battleship second in line of the three battleships which were leading the enemy van, and closing on the escort carrier group. After making an effort to coordinate his torpedo attack with strafing and bombing attacks with the other planes, and being unable to arrange for this, despite the intense anti-aircraft fire, which was directed at him and his wingman, ensign Warren Druck, he and Druck made an unsupported attack on the battleship, which resulted in one torpedo hit on the port side, damaging the ship severely and causing it to turn away from the escort carrier group. In pulling out after the attack it was necessary for him to fly over the third battleship in the formation, and only by the most violent evasive maneuver was he able to avoid being shot down by the fire from the ship. His courage, aggressiveness, and cool disregard for danger were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 9/26/1914 - Weaver, AL
Home Town: Cincinnati, OH

ADAMS, JOHN P.
(Second Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 3 (VF-3), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John P. Adams, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as pilot of an airplane in VF-3. During the Battle of Midway on June 4, 1942, Ensign Adams was launched to defend the ship against an imminent attack by Japanese torpedo planes. The situation had already become so critical that he made his take-off from the carrier deck amidst the blasts of the ship's five-inch guns, which were directing their fire at the incoming enemy planes. With marked coolness and indomitable courage, Ensign Adams, immediately upon becoming airborne, pressed home attacks against two of the enemy planes, shooting down one in flames and damaging the other. His aggressive attacks on the enemy planes were skillfully executed despite the intense anti-aircraft fire from our ships. His courage, determination, and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the best traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 19, File P15(1) (July 20, 1942
Birth: 5/27/1906 - Oakland, CA
Home Town: San Francisco, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

ADAMS, JOHN P.
(First Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 3 (VF-3), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John P. Adams, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and service in piloting an airplane of a fighting squadron in action against the Japanese on May 4 and 8, 1942. On May 4, in company with three other fighter planes forming the escort group for our own torpedo planes in an attack on Tulagi Harbor, he made a strafing attack on an enemy gunboat and destroyer, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and caused serious damage to both enemy vessels. On May 8, as member of the fighter escort group protecting our own torpedo planes making an attack on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea, he engaged enemy planes attempting to intercept our attack group and thus assisted materially in the success of our attack which resulted in sinking or severe damaging of the enemy carrier. On his return to our own force he encountered and destroyed an enemy torpedo plane. Throughout these engagements Ensign Adams showed courage and aggressiveness without regard for personal safety. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Cinc Pac Serial 14 P15(1) (June 28, 1942)
Birth: 5/27/1906 - Oakland, CA
Home Town: San Francisco, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

ADAMS, MARVIN EUGENE
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Marvin Eugene Adams, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while flying as wingman on a reinforced search and attack mission on 24 October 1944, in waters west of the Central Philippines. An enemy Task Force was sighted and his division was assigned a battleship as a target. Pressing home his dive bombing attack in the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire of all calibers, Ensign Adams released his bombs at low altitude, with complete disregard for his personal safety, scoring direct hits which caused fires and serious damage to the ship. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac File P15, Serial 035 (January 20, 1945)
Birth: 12/22/1921 - Knoxville, TN
Home Town: Knoxville, TN

ADAMS, RUSSELL MAX
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: October 26, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Russell Max Adams, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, 26 October 1944. As pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber, Lieutenant (j.g.) Adams scored a confirmed direct hit on a Japanese battleship. The action successfully carried out in the face of anti-aircraft fire from the enemy fleet and low cloud cover helped in removing a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant (j.g.) Adams outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor Pac File P15, Serial 0533 (September 11, 1945)

*ADAMS, SAMUEL
(Third Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Samuel Adams, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as pilot of VB-5 in the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, 1942. Lieutenant Adams established contact with major enemy units and, in the face of fighter opposition, tenaciously, bravely and with no thought of personal safety, maintained his contact, drove off the fighters and sent complete contact and amplifying reports which later enabled our forces to attack the last remaining enemy aircraft carrier. His brave and gallant action contributed in a large degree to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 18a P15(1), (July 18, 1942)
Birth: 4/10/1912 - Northampton, MA
Home Town: Baltimore, MD
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*ADAMS, SAMUEL
(Second Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4, 7 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Samuel Adams, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courageous devotion to duty as pilot of an airplane of a Scouting Squadron in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on May 4, 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on May 7 and 8, 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, on May 8 opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
CinC Pac Letter P15/QB/(05), Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Birth: 4/10/1912 - Northampton, MA
Home Town: Baltimore, MD
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

ADAMS, WILLIAM LEE
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Lee Adams, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier based dive bomber in attacks on the enemy fleet on June 20, 1944. the flight in which he participated dive bombed two large enemy aircraft carriers, probably sinking one of them and contributing to the sinking of the other, and also shot down two enemy fighters in the face of continuous heavy anti-aircraft fire and fighter opposition. The flight was further hazarded by the extreme range of the attack and the return to the carrier and landing of large groups of planes more than two hours after sunset. The attack was carried through to completion despite the knowledge that doing so jeopardized a safe return. Lieutenant Adams' courage, determination, and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
ComFastCarTaskFor, Pacific Letter P15, Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Birth: 6/28/1919 - Pettis County, MO
Home Town: Jacksonville, FL

ADKINS, JAMES A.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Cod
Date of Action: July 3 - August 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James A. Adkins, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity in action as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Cod during the Fourth War Patrol of that submarine in the period 3 July to 25 August 1944, in waters in the area of Manila and in Flores and Molukka Seas. Lieutenant Commander Adkins handled his ship expertly and maneuvered into position from which to strike the enemy despite the presence of strong surface and air anti-submarine patrols. In numerous aggressive and well-planned attacks he succeeded in inflicting important damage on enemy shipping, sinking three cargo vessels and a large loaded naval landing ship, and damaging a fourth cargo vessel. In all encounters he resolutely retrained the initiative and pursued the attacks regardless of enemy countermeasures. He skillfully avoided the attempts by enemy escort vessels to counterattack with depth charges, and brought his vessel safely back to port. His actions and conduct throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15 (F-6-2/hek) Serial 03563 (December 24, 1944)

AGNEW, DWIGHT MERLE
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Trever
Date of Action: August 7 - October 25, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Dwight Merle Agnew, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of an escort ship during operations in the Solomon Islands area. While engaged in these operations, Commander Agnew's ship was subjected to repeated air attacks. On August 7, 8, and 9 his ship participated in the initial attack on Guadalcanal as a screening vessel for the transports and, while under fire, as a fire support and minesweeping vessel. With other vessels, his ship on numerous occasions acted as a screening and minesweeping vessel during the landing of supplies and reinforcements. From October 23 to 25, Commander Agnew as Commander of a Task Unit again entered Solomon Island waters, carrying vitally needed material which was successfully unloaded at Tulagi on October 25. While retiring his ships were attacked by a force of three Japanese destroyers. During the ensuing battle, he fought his ships with such brilliant success, that no considerable damage or loss of personnel resulted, while his vessels inflicted several hits on one enemy destroyer, setting it on fire. His skillful and seamanlike handling of his ships, and his determination and courage when opposed by a superior force, permitted the safe withdrawal of the ships under his command, after completion of their mission. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
S. Pac Force & Area Letter (February 10, 1943) COMSOPAC File P15/(02) Serial 482
Birth: 1/1/1902 - Fredericktown, OH
Home Town: San Diego, CA

ALDERMAN, JOHN CLEMENT
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. McFarland
Date of Action: August 8 - October 18, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Clement Alderman, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. McFarland while on special missions in the Solomon islands area during the period August 8, 1942 to October 18, 1942. On repeated occasions, Lieutenant Commander Alderman courageously entered the Solomon waters to assist in the task of protecting the valuable supply lanes to Guadalcanal, in support of our land and sea defenses of that island. With utter disregard for his own safety, he exposed himself to the ever-present danger of hostile air attacks. On one occasion, his ship was so damaged by enemy fire that it was almost lost. By his perseverance, determination and technical ability, he made the necessary repairs to his ship, under the most adverse conditions, so that she was able to continue in the service of her country. His heroic conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
S.Pac. Force & Area, Letter (December 31, 1942), COMSOPAC File P15/(80) Serial 1148p
Birth: 7/31/1906 - Portland, OR
Home Town: Dayton, OR

ALDRICH, CHARLES WARREN
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Massey
Date of Action: May 2 - June 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Warren Aldrich, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as Commanding Officer of the United States Ship Massey during operations against the enemy in the Okinawa area from 2 May to 24 June 1945. During this period, his ship performed the vital and hazardous duty of Fighter Director ship on Radar Picket Station for a total of twenty-five days. Under constant threat of enemy attacks and subjected to almost continuous alerts, his heroic leadership maintained his crew at a high peak of efficiency. On 6 June 1945, the unit of which the Massey was part, was subjected to coordinated suicide attack by two large groups of planes. By his fearlessness, calmness, and tactical skill, he was able to prevent any damage to the other ships of the unit by maneuvering around them and directing fire from his ship in such a manner that it materially aided in the destruction of eight of the attacking planes. His conduct and performance of duty were an inspiration to those under him and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*ALEXANDER, JAMES HERBERT, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: September 4, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Herbert Alexander, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a PBY Patrol Bomber during action against enemy German forces over the Bay of Biscay on September 4, 1943. While conducting a highly dangerous antisubmarine patrol, Lieutenant (junior grade) Alexander, under a vicious attack by six twin-engined fighters, maneuvered the bomber with such precise skill that his gunners were able to shoot down one hostile craft and cripple three others. Although his own plane was set afire in the vigorous air battle, her flying instruments rendered inoperative and her four engines badly damaged, he nevertheless carried on, despite a painful head wound, until he had evaded the remainder of the enemy and effected a safe landing at sea. Successfully abandoning the big flying boat, he and his crew rode out a severe storm in a rubber life raft before reaching land two days later. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 8/17/1920 - Sioux City, IA
Home Town: Sioux City, IA

ALEXANDER, SAMUEL HUGH
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. LST 313
Date of Action: July 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Samuel Hugh Alexander, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LST 313 during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily, July 10, 1943. After beaching his ship at the assigned point near Gela, Lieutenant Alexander was disembarking assault troops and vehicles when enemy aircraft bombed his vessel, setting fire to the cargo of ammunition, land mines, and other inflammable material loaded in trucks. With great courage, he skillfully directed the fighting of the blaze and the rescue and transfer of all survivors, many of whom had been severely burned and injured from the terrific explosion. By his prompt and gallant action, Lieutenant Alexander temporarily checked the spreading of the fire and saved the lives of many of the embarked personnel who otherwise might have been lost. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 5/1/1914 - Winton, CA
Home Town: Winton, CA

ALLEN, AUGUSTUS T., JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Naval Gunfire Liaison Officer, 45th Infantry Division (Army/Attached)
Date of Action: July 10 - 13, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Augustus T. Allen, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Naval Gunfire Liaison Officer, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet, during the attack on the Island of Sicily, July 10 - 13, 1943. In command of a shore fire control party of the 45th Infantry Division, United States Army, Lieutenant (junior grade) Allen (then Ensign) landed with the initial assault waves and, despite terrific opposition, courageously maintained position in the front lines and directed supporting gunfire upon enemy machine guns and troop concentrations, frequently advancing beyond friendly front lines in order to observe enemy positions. When hostile tanks threatened to encircle his battalion, he controlled the fire of his guns with devastating accuracy, scoring four direct hits and repulsing the attack. By his outstanding ability and excellent judgment, he assisted materially in overcoming enemy resistance and in capturing the town of Biscari with its strategic airfield. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 5/26/1918 - Raleigh, NC
Home Town: Raleigh, NC

AMMEN, JOHN N., JR.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John N. Ammen, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service as pilot of an airplane of a bombing squadron in dive bombing attacks on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea on May 7, 1942. This attack, pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, resulted in sinking of the carrier. Ensign Ammen's gallant conduct greatly contributed to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15/QB/(05), Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Birth: 6/5/1915 - Roanoke, VA
Home Town: Roanoke, VA

ANDERSEN, HARVEY M.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Marblehead
Date of Action: February 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harvey M. Andersen, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action during the attack on the U.S.S. Marblehead by Japanese forces on February 10, 1942. Although wounded, Lieutenant Commander Anderson directed fighting of fires, the rescuing of wounded in the forward part of the ship and in maintaining water-tight integrity of the ship. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 8/5/1901 - Chicago, IL
Home Town: Chicago, IL

ANDERSON, ALEXANDER LOUIS
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Fighter Bomber Squadron 80 (VBF-80), U.S.S. Hancock
Date of Action: February 16, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Alexander Louis Anderson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane in the action against Tokyo airfields on 16 February 1945. Lieutenant Anderson skillfully and courageously led a division of planes on a fighter sweep against enemy air power. During the action, he personally destroyed five enemy aircraft in the air amid heavy anti-aircraft fire. His skill and courage coupled with his leadership and complete disregard of his personal safety were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
AirForPac File FF12-5/P15/CO 613 Serial 25349 (December 9, 1945)
Home Town: Millbrook, NY

ANDERSON, EDWARD LEE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 6 (VB-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward Lee Anderson, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Section Leader of VB-6. Lieutenant (j.g.) Anderson took part in dive- bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, 1942. Disregarding the danger from anti-aircraft fire and fighter opposition, and, in two instances at distances from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel shortage, he pressed home his attacks with heroic determination. His courage, fortitude and utter disregard for personal safety contributed in large measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces and was in keeping with the traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15(1)/QB/(05), serial 3013 (July 16, 1942)
Birth: 9/22/1914 - Claremont, VA
Home Town: Philadelphia, PA

*ANDERSON, ROBERT HAROLD
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Fighter Squadron 80 (VF-80), U.S.S. Hancock
Date of Action: December 14, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Harold Anderson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while participating in an aerial flight against enemy forces on 14 December 1944 in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Anderson led a division of planes in an eight-plane formation and when an enemy formation of twenty-seven planes was encountered, he led the attack on the enemy formation despite the numerical odds and during the ensuing engagement shot down five enemy planes and probably shot down another enemy plane. When his wingman was under attack by an enemy plane and while he was almost out of ammunition, he dove on the enemy plane and forced the enemy plane to break off from the attack. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTasForce, File C2CTB/P15, Serial 0909 (January 13, 1945)
Birth: 9/17/1918 - Eau Claire, WI
Home Town: Chippewa Falls, WI

ANDERSON, WILLIAM HENRY, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 29 (VT-29),
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Henry Anderson, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy in the Philippine Sea on 24 October 1944. As pilot of a carrier- based torpedo aircraft, Lieutenant Anderson participated in torpedo attacks which severely crippled an enemy Battleship Task Force. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces. His outstanding courage and determination in the face of great danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
COM2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0876 (January 11, 1945)
Birth: 2/22/1921 - Westerly, RI
Home Town: Westerly, RI

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Thresher
Date of Action: December 30, 1941 - February 26, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William L. Anderson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Submarine U.S.S. Thresher during its second war patrol from December 30, 1941 to February 26, 1942, and for his participation February 1, 1942 in the attack on the Marshall Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/10/1905 - Sylvania, GA
Home Town: Millen, GA

ANDERSON, WILLIAM WICKLIFF
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Wickliff Anderson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while flying as section leader in a mission against an enemy Task Force in waters east of northern Luzon, Philippine Islands, on 25 October 1944. In the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire of all calibers, Lieutenant Anderson pressed home his dive bombing attack on an aircraft carrier without regard to personal safety. He released his bombs from a low altitude, scoring direct hits which caused fires and serious damage to the ship. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac File P15, Serial 035 (January 20, 1945)
Birth: 12/28/1919 - Hennessey, OK
Home Town: Porter, OK

ANDREWS, CHARLES HERBERT
(First Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Gurnard
Date of Action: June 12 - July 26, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Herbert Andrews, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of a submarine on patrol in enemy controlled waters. By his courage, skill and aggressive action Commander Andrews succeeded in sinking over 15, 000 tons and damaging over 43,000 tons of enemy shipping. Despite unusually strong enemy counter measures, by prompt and skillful evasive action, he succeeded in bringing his ship to port. His conduct during this patrol was an inspiration to the entire submarine service and in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinCPac, Pac-08-rel P15/BA Serial 40
Birth: 5/14/1908 - New Haven, CT
Home Town: Hamden, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

ANDREWS, CHARLES HERBERT
(Second Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Gurnard
Date of Action: April 16 - June 11, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Herbert Andrews, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Gurnard during the fifth war patrol of that vessel in enemy controlled waters during the period 16 April to 11 June 1944. Despite strong enemy countermeasures and unfavorable sea conditions, Commander Andrews took advantage of every opportunity to strike the enemy and in a series of skillfully conducted attacks on strongly escorted formations succeeded in sinking three freighters and one large tanker, and in damaging a battleship and another freighter. His conduct and leadership were in accord with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
7th Fleet (F-6-2/hek) Serial 02551 (September 21, 1944
Birth: 5/14/1908 - New Haven, CT
Home Town: Hamden, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

ANDREWS, THOMAS LOFTIN, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Kitkun Bay
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas Loftin Andrews, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against a large enemy fleet off Samar Island, Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944 while serving aboard the escort carrier, U.S.S. Kitkun Bay. Under very trying circumstances, after his ship had been under enemy shellfire for several hours, Lieutenant Andrews organized, directed, and pressed home a near-perfect coordinated air attack on a Tone class heavy cruiser in spite of intense anti-aircraft fire. By his courage, skill, and determination in attack, he inspired confidence and courage in his group in their attack on this enemy cruiser. He, along with others, in his flight scored a torpedo hit amidships causing the heavy cruiser to sink a few hours later. His skill and leadership throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
7th Fleet, Letter P15(F-6-2/pmh) Serial 0704 (February 14, 1945)
Birth: 10/29/2020 - Amarillo, TX
Home Town: Amarillo, TX

ARBES, JAMES DOUGLAS
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 8 (VB-8), U.S.S. Bunker Hill
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Douglas Arbes, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy and inspired leadership as the squadron commander and pilot of a dive bomber during the attack on the Japanese Battle Fleet on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant Commander Arbes, as squadron commander of twelve dive bombers, showed unusual skill and conspicuous courage in directing his squadron in the face of accurate and intense anti-aircraft fire of all calibers, which included heavy fire from the main batteries of the large fleet units. Particularly outstanding was his calmness and courage when ordered to proceed beyond the combat radius of his airplane in order to attack the main Japanese Battle Fleet. As a result of his personal leadership, damaging hits were scored on an aircraft carrier of 15, 000 tons resulting in its probable destruction. He personally scored a direct hit during this attack. In addition, damaging bomb hits were scored on a battleship and a cruiser. Throughout this operation he conducted himself with complete disregard for his personal safety despite damage to his plane from anti-aircraft fire, and directly contributed to the success of the operation. His conduct throughout the operation was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
FastCarTaskFor File P15, Serial 0279 (August 3, 1944)
Birth: 5/31/1916 - New Ulm, MN
Home Town: New Ulm, MN

ARCHER, ROBERT JOHN
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Evans
Date of Action: May 11, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert John Archer, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Evans, in action against enemy Japanese forces while assigned to Radar Picket duty off Okinawa on May 11, 1945. When his ship was subjected to attacks by an overwhelming force of enemy aircraft for one and one-half hours, Captain (then Commander) Archer directed the gunfire of his batteries in shooting down fifteen enemy planes and assisting in the destruction of four others. Although the EVANS was severely damaged by hits from four suicide planes and in a sinking condition, he led his crew in determined efforts to save the ship and bring her safe to port. His professional ability, courage and devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

ARMOUR, THOMAS EDWARD
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 20 (VT-20), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas Edward Armour, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron 20, attached to the U.S.S. Enterprise, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (then Ensign) Armour pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy battleship to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 3/3/1922 - Cleveland, OH
Home Town: Garfield Heights, OH

ARMSTRONG, ROBERT GORDON
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 5 (VB-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Gordon Armstrong, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against Japanese forces at Salamua-Lae, New Guinea, March 10, 1942. Lieutenant Commander Armstrong and his squadron inflicted severe damage on the enemy, with probable destruction of three hostile ships. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/21/1904 - Wakefield, NE
Home Town: Coronado, CA

ARNOLD, JACKSON DOMINICK
Commander, U.S. Navy
Fighter-Bombing Squadron 2, U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jackson Dominick Arnold, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Group Commander and Flight Leader in Fighter-Bombing Squadron Two, attached to the U.S.S. Hornet, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on June 20, 1944. Participating in a strike against hostile surface units, Admiral (then Commander) Arnold scored a damaging near miss on a carrier and directed his flight in damaging and probably destroying the enemy vessel and in obtaining a torpedo hit on a cruiser. After leading his flight back to base, he assisted several in his group in landing under extremely difficult conditions and in darkness before boarding his carrier. By his skill as an airman and leadership, Admiral Arnold upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 11/3/1912 - Gainesville, FL
Home Town: San Antonio, TX

ARNOLD, JOHN SAMUEL, II
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer of the Armed Guard, S.S. Esso Gettysburg
Date of Action: June 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Smuel Arnold, II, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the United States Navy Armed Guard aboard the S.S. Esso Gettysburg following an attack upon hat vessel by an enemy submarine on June 10, 1943. When two torpedoes ripped into the port side of the tanker and set fire to the oil-covered deck, Ensign Arnold, his own clothing ignited by he explosive blast, sustained severe burns about the upper body before he could smother the blaze. Although suffering acute pain and menaced by the spreading inferno which swept across the topsides, he calmly ordered the forward gun manned and, with the stricken ship fast settling beneath him, fired one round of ammunition to deter a possible surfacing of the submarine. The last man to go over the side as the vessel began to capsize, he remained in the water several hours before he was finally picked up by other survivors who had salvaged a charred lifeboat. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 8/12/1911 - Garrison, NM
Home Town: Groveland, FL

ARSENAULT, FREDERICK LAWRENCE
Shipfitter Second Class, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Brant
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick Lawrence Arsenault, Shipfitter Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. Brant during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. Dallas could navigate up the Sebou River, Arsenault and his shipmates, on the night of November 9, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Arsenault and the other members of his party, in spite of enormous breakers which battered their boat and washed one of the machine guns overboard, finally brought her back to safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 4/13/1917 - South Brewer, ME
Home Town: Wollaston, MA

AURAND, EVAN P.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 2 (VS-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Evan P. Aurand, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of Scouting Squadron Two, when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking one of them. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 6/10/1917 - New York, NY
Home Town: Washington, DC

*AUSTIN, JOHN ARNOLD
Chief Carpenter, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Oklahoma
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Arnold Austin, Chief Carpenter, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii on December 7, 1941. When the U.S.S. Oklahoma capsized, he and a number of the crew were entrapped in one of the ship's compartments. By his efforts, a porthole which was under water was located and he assisted fifteen of the crew to escape. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. His conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.
Birth: 8/30/1905 - Warrior, AL
Home Town: Long Beach, CA

*AUSTIN, WALTON A.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4, 7 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Walton A. Austin, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courageous devotion to duty as pilot of an airplane of a Scouting Squadron in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on May 4, 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on May 7 and 8, 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, on May 8 opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 5/19/1913 - Stevenson, AL
Home Town: Sweetwater, TN

AVERY, HOWARD MALCOLM
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: June 15, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Howard Malcolm Avery, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for outstanding courage, heroism, and leadership as pilot of a United States torpedo bomber, and as Officer in Tactical Command in offensive action against an enemy submarine which was destroyed on June 15, 1944. Lieutenant Commander Avery was on an antisubmarine flight in search for possible squadron survivors in the area of a known enemy submarine, when the vessel, fully surfaced, was sighted a few minutes before sunset. Lieutenant Commander Avery immediately made a contact report, circled the submarine and maintained contact despite anti-aircraft gun fire. He coolly analyzed the situation and realized that a single plane would have little chance of sinking the hostile vessel. He kept the enemy occupied until assistance arrived. He then calmly directed the attack on the enemy submarine which resulted in its destruction. During the action Lieutenant Commander Avery, with great skill and courage, personally made two strafing runs against the enemy in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire. The aggressiveness, determination, coolness, courage, and leadership shown by Lieutenant Commander Avery in attacking and coordinating the well-planned action with the supporting aircraft are all in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Navy.
Birth: 9/15/1908 - Kings Ferry, NY
Home Town: Grossmont, CA

AZER, JOHN B.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Whale
Date of Action: October 9 - November 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John B. Azer, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Whale. Lieutenant Commander Azer conducted an aggressive and successful war patrol in enemy controlled waters from October 9, 1942, to November 10, 1942. He distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with planting a mine field in enemy coastal waters and military operations against armed enemy forces and by his skill, courage, aggressiveness and determination, succeeded in sinking one freighter of 9,500 tons and damaging a total of 18,139 tons. Despite the efforts of enemy anti-submarine vessels during a four-hour severe depth charge attack, he handled his ship in such a skillful and capable manner as to bring it through with only minor damage, and without loss or injury to personnel. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 27 (December 21, 1942)
Birth: 11/24/1906 - Elgin, IL
Home Town: West Chicago, IL
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

AZER, JOHN B.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Whale
Date of Action: January 3 - February 2, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John B. Azer, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Whale in patrolled enemy waters. Lieutenant Commander Azer courageously and skillfully conducted attacks against the enemy which resulted in the destruction of two transports totaling 19,315 tons and damaging a tanker of 7,500 tons and a freighter of 5,600 tons. Despite enemy counter efforts he brought his ship through without damage to material or injury to personnel. His aggressiveness, courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 32 (March 20, 1943)
Birth: 11/24/1906 - Elgin, IL
Home Town: West Chicago, IL
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

BAILEY, BRYAN, JR.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Beleau Wood
Date of Action: March 19, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Bryan Bailey, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the Japanese Fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 19 March 1945. As pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomber, Ensign Bailey executed a determined and skillful attack on an enemy battleship in the face of extremely violent and concentrated antiaircraft fire from both surface vessels and shore batteries. Although his aircraft was struck and damaged by an explosive anti-aircraft shell during his bombing run, he nevertheless courageously pressed home his attack and scored two direct bomb hits on the battleship, thereby contributing to the material damage of an important enemy war vessel. His coolness and courage in the accomplishment of a hazardous mission were outstanding and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File P15 0530, Serial 0530 (May 5, 1945)
Home Town: Wichita Falls, TX

BAKER, DANIEL WIRT
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 8 (VB-8), U.S.S. Bunker Hill
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Daniel Wirt Baker, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, 24 October 1944. As pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber, Lieutenant (j.g.) Baker participated in an attack which contributed materially to the annihilation of an enemy Battle Task Force. He scored a confirmed hit on a rapidly-maneuvering battleship, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File P15, Serial 0764 (October 14, 1945)

BAKER, EARL PHILIP, JR.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 16 (VT-16), U.S.S. Randolph
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Earl Philip Baker, Jr., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier based torpedo bomber in operations against Japanese Naval Shipping in the Inland Sea of Japan at the Kure Naval Base on 24 July 1945. He skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in an attack on a battleship-carrier, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit and near misses with his bombs which materially contributed to the sinking of this capital ship. His attack was made with courage and skill, without regard for his own safety and was at all times in the keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*BAKER, JOHN DRAYTON
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 42 (VF-2), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Drayton Baker, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished conduct in the line of his profession while pilot of an airplane of a VF in action against Japanese forces in the Coral Sea on May 7, 1942. In company with three other fighters acting as escort for our own torpedo planes in an attack on an enemy carrier, Ensign Baker attacked and greatly assisted in the destruction of three enemy fighter planes. His daring and aggressiveness aided materially in the completion of the mission, resulting in the sinking of the carrier. That evening, as part of the combat air patrol, he attacked and dispersed a group of hostile scouting planes in the vicinity of our own carrier. He failed to return from this attack. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
CinC Pacific, Letter P15/QB/(05), Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Birth: 5/31/1915 - Plainfield, NJ
Home Town: Plainfield, NJ

BAKER, LEWIS RUSSELL
Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: December 4, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lewis Russell Baker, Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as the Chief Electrician's Mate in Steering Motor Room of the U.S.S. Lexington when the ship was struck by a torpedo while making a turn with rudder full left. Chief Electrician's Mate Baker, despite his injuries and the effects of Freon and CO2 gas and failing air supply, moved the rudder from about full left to 20 degrees left by electric power before his cables failed. After this he used the emergency hand operated hydraulic system, to bring the rudder from 20 degrees left to three degrees left and finally to amidships. During the latter part of these operations he knew that the hatch above the Steering Motor Room was covered by water and that his escape was cut off. This action was an inspiration to the other men at his station and was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pacific Letter Pac-052-wlw P15/BA, Serial 0573 (February 18, 1944)
Birth: 3/4/1899 - Lovington, IL
Home Town: Champaign, IL

BAKER, LIONEL HENRY
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Vestal
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lionel Henry Baker, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession when, on the repair ship U.S.S. Vestal, to which he was attached, he cared for the wounded in an outstanding manner, although suffering from shrapnel wounds himself. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 10/26/1913 - Sheguindah, Ontario, Canada
Home Town: Canisteo, NY

*BAKER, PAUL GERALD
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: May 7 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Paul Gerald Baker, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service in the line of his profession as pilot of a fighter plane in action against Japanese forces in the Coral Sea on May 7 & 8, 1942. With utter disregard for personal safety, Lieutenant (j.g.) Baker fearlessly attacked enemy aircraft, destroying three and damaging one other. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
CinC Pac File P15(1)/(05), Serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Birth: 2/20/1910 - Joy, IL
Home Town: Gardena, CA

BAKUTIS, FREDERICK EDWARD
Commander, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick Edward Bakutis, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based aircraft. On 24 October 1944 in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands Commander Bakutis led a small search attack group whose objective was to locate and attack an enemy task force. He located this force and reported its location to his base. The force consisted of two battleships, one heavy cruiser, and four destroyers and the attack he led was so skillfully executed that two of the battleships and one cruiser were damaged. The attack was made in the face of gunfire from the main batteries of the enemy force, and intense anti-aircraft fire. Commander Bakutis personally scored direct hits with his rockets on a battleship. His courage, aggressiveness, inspiring leadership and complete disregard for his own personal safety were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2nd Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File C2CTF/P15, serial 0793 (January 9, 1945)
Birth: 11/4/1912 - Brockton, MA
Home Town: Brockton, MA

BANGS, LOUIS LEE
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 10 (VB-10), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Louis Lee Bangs, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a Pilot of a Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TEN, attached to the U.S.S. Enterprise, in action against enemy Japanese forces west of the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, June 20, 1944. Participating in a daring strike against the main Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant Commander Bangs selected an enemy aircraft carrier as his target and, skillfully maneuvering his plane to evade fierce enemy fighter opposition, he executed an accurate dive-bombing attack on the enemy vessel and scored a direct hit, thereby severely damaging the hostile ship. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Bangs contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 1/25/1915 - Madison, KS
Home Town: Mullinville, KS

*BARKER, JAMES DUDLEY
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy R
Corpsman, 2d Marine Division (Attached)
Date of Action: November 20, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Dudley Barker, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll 20 November 1943. Attached to a rifle company during the action at Tarawa on November 20, 1943, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Barker was seriously wounded while he was disembarking from an amphibious tractor on the strongly fortified Japanese beachhead. He refused medical attention and cared for his own wound. Undaunted by a constant hail of enemy machinegun and mortar fire, he administered first aid to wounded comrades on the beah in spite of his own intense pain. Barker was urged to seek protection in a nearby dugout with other casualties, but he remained at his post until he was mortally wounded by an enemy sniper. His gallant conduct and devotion to duty directly contributed to the saving of many lives.
Birth: 9/30/1907 - Gebo, WY
Home Town: Medical Lake, WA

BARNES, ROBERT M.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Patrol Bombing Squadron,
Date of Action: May 9, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert M. Barnes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Navy Patrol Bomber in action against enemy forces on Marcus Island, May 9, 1945. Lieutenant Barnes pressed home a low-level attack on an airfield and succeeded in scoring effective hits despite damage to his own plane. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 9/8/1912 - Concord, NH
Home Town: Cambridge, MA

BARNES, STANLEY MAITLAN
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commander, Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 15,
Date of Action: July & August, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Stanley Maitlan Barnes, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commander Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Fifteen during the Tunisian and Sicilian Campaigns. Displaying expert administrative ability, Commander (then Lieutenant Commander) Barnes trained and operated his squadron during the enemy's evacuation of Tunisia and also during the preparatory phase, assault and final operations leading to the occupation of the island of Sicily. On many occasions he personally commanded his squadron and with brilliant tactical skill and fearless devotion to duty enabled his men to carry out patrol and reconnaissance missions of inestimable value to our forces, as well as daring raids on hostile shipping which seriously disrupted the enemy's sea communications. From August 1 to 20, 1943, he directed offensive sweeps along the north coast of Sicily, resulting in the capture of the Eolie Islands and stoppage of hostile seaborne traffic which contributed materially to the rapid advance of the Seventh Army toward Messina.
Home Town: New Canaan, CT

BARRE, LESTER JOHN
Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Marblehead
Date of Action: February 10, 1042
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lester John Barre, Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action during the attack on the U.S.S. Marblehead by Japanese forces on February 10, 1942. Surrounded by electrical fires, Quartermaster Second Class Barre worked tirelessly and with unflinching courage to free the jammed rudder and to lock it amidships.
Birth: 2/9/1914 - Orange, TX
Home Town: Orange, TX

BASH, TOM BRUCE
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: May 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Tom Bruce Bash, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service in the line of his profession as pilot of a torpedo plane in action against Japanese forces in the Coral Sea on May 8, 1942. Ensign Bash attacked an enemy aircraft carrier and pressed home his attack, in spite of heavy anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, to within a few hundred yards of his target. His determined and fearless attack resulted in a hit, contributing to the damage and probable destruction of the carrier and to the victory attained by our forces.
CinC Pac Letter P15(1)/(05), serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Birth: 9/12/1914 - Mendon, MO
Home Town: Kansas City, MO

BASKETT, THOMAS S.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Tautog
Date of Action: April 17 - May 21, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas S. Baskett, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as Commanding Officer of a United States submarine during a war patrol in enemy controlled waters during the period from April 17, 1944, to May 21, 1944. Despite extremely adverse weathe conditions and strong enemy counter-measures, which included air support, Lieutenant Commander Baskett skillfully penetrated the strong enemy escort screens, and through his daring and aggressive determination, delivered smashing torpedo attacks against enemy shipping. As a result of these well-planned and brilliantly executed attacks he successfully sank four enemy freighters totalling 20,500 tons. Although severely depth-charged by enemy escorts, his skillful evasive tactics enabled him to escape and bring his ship to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15/BA, Serial 03596 (July 30, 1944)
Birth: 9/4/1913 - St. Louis, MO
Home Town: Webster Groves, MO
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BASORE, HARRY HARRISON
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 74 (VF-74), U.S.S. Kasaan Bay
Date of Action: August 15 - 30, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry Harrison Basore, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy as acting Commanding officer of Fighting Squadron Seventy-Four during the Allied invasion of Southern France in August 1944. In the period 15 August 1944, until 30 August 1944, Lieutenant Basore led with great skill and courage, ten offensive missions against enemy strong-points, motorized concentrations, and lines of communications. These flights were made in the face of intense, accurate gunfire from the ground but, nevertheless, were successful in causing large damage and creating much confusion among the enemy. While the leader of an eight-plane flight up the Rhone River on 27 August 1944, Lieutenant Basore made a solo reconnoitering run through heavy gunfire in the vicinity of Montelimar at an extremely low altitude in order to obtain needed information on the identity and movements of a heavy concentration of enemy motor transports in that area. This information could not be obtained from a safe altitude and he, refusing to endanger the pilots under his command, voluntarily directed them to remain aloft while he dove his plane at high speed through intense fire to a low altitude. Although his plane was hit by anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Basore obtained and accurately reported by radio, the desired information and subsequently returned safely with his flight to his carrier. As a direct result of his heroism and exceptional airmanship, valuable information concerning the movements of enemy ground forces was promptly reported. The skillful airmanship, courageous and determined action, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Basore were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
8th Fleet, File P15, Serial 5674 (November 16, 1944)
Birth: 6/22/1916 - Kingston, AR
Home Town: Kansas City, MO

*BASS, HARRY BRINKLEY
(Second Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 2 (VB-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: May 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry Brinkley Bass, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicious devotion to duty as pilot of a dive bomber in action against Japanese forces in the Coral Sea on May 7, 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, he dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm and accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the colletive success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Birth: 7/4/1916 - Chicago, IL
Home Town: Prescott, AR
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

*BASS, HARRY BRINKLEY
(First Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 2 (VB-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry Brinkley Bass, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of a Scouting Squadron, when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking one of them. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/4/1916 - Chicago, IL
Home Town: Prescott, AR
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*BASS, HORACE A., JR.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 3 (VF-3), U.S.S. Saratoga
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Horace A. Bass, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in line of his profession while piloting an airplane of VF-3. During the Battle of Midway on June 4, 1942, Ensign Bass, while on combat air patrol over our ships, in company with his section leader attacked a large group of enemy dive-bombers which were attempting to attack our ships. While making their attack on the enemy dive-bombers, Ensign Bass and his section leader were attacked by an enemy dive-bomber that had been forced to jettison his bomb and an enemy type Zero fighter. In this action, with marked coolness and great skill, Ensign Bass maintained his position as protection against planes attacking his leader from the rear. He shot down the attacking dive-bomber and damaged the enemy fighter. His daring and skill further rendered it possible for his leader to shoot down another enemy dive-bomber. His own plane was hit several times by the machinegun fire fromt the enemy planes. His courage, determinatin and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac File P15(1)/(05), Serial 3277 (August 16, 1942)
Birth: 12/22/1915 - Roanoke, VA
Home Town: Roanoke, VA

BASS, RAYMOND HENRY
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Plunger
Date of Action: April and May, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Raymond Henry Bass, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the lines of his profession as Commanding Officer of a United States submarine on patrol in enemy controlled waters. By his skill, courage and aggressiveness, Lieutenant Commander Bass delivered torpedo attacks against an escorted convoy of five ships which resulted in sinking three of the ships and severely damaging two. His courage and skill throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac File Pac-08-rel P15/BA, serial 01623 (July 11, 1943)
Birth: 1/15/1910 - Eagelette, AR
Home Town: Thornton, AR
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BASS, ROBERT WILLIS
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy R
Naval Combat Demolition Unit,
Date of Action: June 6, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Willis Bass, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in combat while serving as a member of a Naval Combat Demolition Unit participating in the assault on France on 6 June 1944. Gunner's Mate Second Class Bass and his crew, although subjected to heavy artillery, machine gun and rifle fire, succeeded in blowing a fifty-yard gap through the beach obstacles. As a result of enemy fire seven of the twelve-man crew were killed or wounded and a large share of the extra work fell on Bass who performed the duties cooly and capably without regard to personal safety. Upon completion of the mission Gunner's Mate Bass further exposed himself to enemy fire and was wounded himself while carrying injured crew mates to safety. His display of courage and devotion to duty on this occasion reflects the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
NavEu File P15-38, Serial 7562 (September 7, 1944)
Birth: 12/17/1924 - Columbia, SC
Home Town: Durham, NC

BASS, STEWART
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Stewart Bass, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against major units of the Japanese fleet off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. As pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bass participated in a difficult and daring attack which sank a Japanese light cruiser. Flying by instruments through a heavy oversast, he broke through the clouds only to be caught in a cone of intense anti-aircraft fire. Notwithstanding, he pressed home his attack to point-blank range and scored one of the five direct hits which caused the vessel to roll over and sink a minute later. While retiring, his plane was subjected to continued and intense anti-aircraft fire from the cruiser and an escorting destroyer, but by superior airmanship, he brought his plane and crew through unscathed. His skill, daring, and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File P15, Serial 0508 (June 26, 1945)

*BASSETT, EDGAR R.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4 - 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edgar R. Bassett, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while pilot of an airplane of a VF in action against Japanese forces during the period 4 - 8 May 1942. As a wingman in the division of fighters sent to protect our own aircraft bombing and torpedoing ships at Tulagi on May 4, Ensign Bassett assisted his section leader in an attack on three enemy seaplanes and succeeded in shooting down one of them. Shortly following this action he participated in a strafing attack, pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire resulting in the setting afire and internal damaging of an enemy destroyer. On May 7, he piloted an airplane of the fighter escort for our torpedo planes in an attack on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea. He assisted his section leader in driving off enemy fighter attacks on our torpedo planes in which action four enemy planes were shot down. This effective protection allowed our torpedo planes to launch torpedoes and return from their attack unharmed and resulted in the sinking of the enemy carrier. That evening he accompanied a group of our fighters which attacked and dispersed a formation of enemy scout planes and backed up his section leader in shooting down one enemy plane. On May 8, in the Coral Sea, while pilot of a fighter in the combat air patrol, he engaged enemy fighters which appeared over our forces and assisted his section leader in their destruction.
CinC Pacific Letter P15/!B/(05), Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Birth: 3/10/1914 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Hartsdale, NY

BATES, RICHARD SIMS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 13 (VT-13), U.S.S. Franklin
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Richard Sims Bates, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Bomber in Torpedo Squadron Thirteen, attached to the U.S.S. Franklin, during action against enemy Japanese Fleet units in the Battle for Leyte Gulf on October 24, 1944. A daring and intrepid airman, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant, Junior Grade) Bates dauntlessly braved withering hostile antiaircraft fire to launch a smashing aerial torpedo attack against the enemy and, by his relentless determination and indomitable courage, succeeded in scoring a devastating hit on a Japanese battleship. His superb skill as an airman, resolute fighting spirit and brilliant combat tactics throughout this period of intense aerial activity reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Bates and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/28/1921 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Norfolk, VA

BATES, RICHARD WALLER
Captain, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Bates Richard Waller Bates, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while serving as Chief of Staff of a Flag Officer in Command of the Allied Forces in action against the enemy at the Battle of Surigao Strait, Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, 25 October 1944. By his wise counsel and assistance in the preparation of all plans, by keeping the Officer in Tactical Command informed relative to the current tactical situation and by his courage, aggressiveness, and determination under fire, he gave encouragement to the staff and to all with shom he came in contact during the action. Captain Bates rendered a contribution which was instrumental in the success of this difficult operation. His conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
7th Fleet File P15(r-6-2/hek), Serial 13680 (December 7, 1944)
Birth: 1/16/1892 - San Francisco, CA
Home Town: Alameda, CA

BATES, WILLIAM CARELTON
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 18 (VT-18),
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Carelton Bates, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy as pilot of a carrier-based torpedo aircraft on 25 October 1944, during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea. In face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire Lieutenant (j.g.) Bates successfully carried out his attack and scored a direct torpedo hit on an enemy carrier. He carried out his action without regard for personal safety. His coolness, courage, and skill were inspiring and at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, Letter P15, Serial 01092 (July 6, 1945)

BATTEN, HUGH NASH
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 83 (VF-83), U.S.S. Essex
Date of Action: April 6, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Hugh Nash Batten, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy as pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane on Combat Air Patrol over our Task Force operating in the vicinity of Okinawa on 6 April 1945. During this flight Lieutenant (j.g.) Batten initiated an attack against nine enemy fighters and shot down four of them. His courage and skill in pressing home an attack against forces greatly superior in number was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File P15, Serial 0960 (July 6, 1945)

BATTEN, ROLLIN MORGAN, JR.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 4, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Rollin Morgan Batten, Jr., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy as pilot of an observation scout engaged in a rescue mission off Guam on 4 July 1944. With utter disregard for his own safety, Lieutenant (j.g.) Batten fearlessly brought his plane down within a mile of many shore batteries, and, in the face of an intense barrage directed at him by the enemy guns, proceeded calmly and deliberately to rescue a downed pilot and his crewman who were swimming in the water and also under enemy gunfire. His intelligent and courageous appraisal of the situation was responsible for the successful rescue, after which he took off cross-wind with the additional load, under extremely difficult cirsumstances. His purpose was carried out chiefly by virtue of his own bravery and his conduct was thoroughly in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
FastCarTaskFor P15, Serial 00322 (July 18, 1944)
Birth: 3/27/1916 - Denver, CO
Home Town: Caldwell, NJ

BAUER, LOUIS H.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 6 (VF-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: August 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Louis H. Bauer, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while participating in aerial flight in combat with the enemy as Commander of a Fighting Squadron during the Solomon Islands Captain of August 1942. Lieutenant Bauer led his quadron in strafing shore objectives and in aerial combat against enemy aircrat with such boldness, determination, and skill that he and his squadron shot down a total of 41 enemy aircraft. His keen judgement in selecting his flight leaders and his pesonal courage and tenacity in the face of enemy aircraft opposition were superlative and in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter, Pac-09-mp-P15(1), Serial 3954 (October 30, 1942)
Birth: 9/22/1911 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Philadelphia, PA

BAUHOF, WILLIAM ROSS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: June 19, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Ross Bauhof, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy near the Marianas Islands, on 19 June 1944, while serving as pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane. When our naval forces were heavily attacked by large numbers of enemy carrier-based planes, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bauhof pressed home determined attacks upon the enemy formation in the face of severe enemy fighter opposition, and single-handed shot down two enemy dive bombers, one fighter and one torpedo plane, and assisted in destroying another torpedo plane. His repeated attacks were so decisive as to materially aid in breaking up the enemy attacks and in establishing air superiority for our forces. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
FastCarTaskFor, Pacific, Letter P15, Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Birth: 3/29/1922 - Lockhart, TX
Home Town: Lockhart, TX

BAUSINGER, ROBERT J.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 28, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert J. Bausinger, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while flying a carrier-based fighter plane from which he scored a direct bomb hit on an enemy battleship on 28 July 1945 at the Kure Naval Base in the heart of the Japanese homeland. Ensign Bausinger pressed home his attack in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire of all calibers. He persisted in his attack even though hit while in his dive, shrapnel penetrating the cockpit of his plane as well as gear on his person. By scoring a hit on a battleship he contributed materially to the success of the Task Force attack. His skill, determination and heroic conduct were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2nd Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File C2CTF/P15/952 (October 11, 1945)

*BAXTER, EUGENE EDWARD
Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
Corpsman, 1st Battalion, 2d Marines, 1st Marine Division (Attached)
Date of Action: August 7 - November 3, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Eugene Edward Baxter, Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with the 1st Battalion, 2nd Marines in the Solomon Islands campaign from 7 August 1942 to the time of his death on 3 November 1942. On October 9, 1942, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Baxter displayed unusual valor and bravery while rescuing survivors lost when a Personnel Boat capsized in Lenga Channel off Guadalcanal. At that time he spent over an hour in shark-infested waters and personally accounted for ten of the fourteen survivors that were saved. On 3 November 1942 during the offensive against the Japanese beyond the Matanakau River on Guadalcanal, Pharmacist's Mate Baxter was killeded while carrying a wounded Marine out of a ravine in the face of persistent enemy fire.
Comdr. SoPac. 9th End., File P15(05A), Serial 2977 (August 28, 1943)
Birth: 6/30/1914 - Anaheim, CA
Home Town: San Diego, CA

BAXTER, FREMONT HARRISON
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Sangamon
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Fremont Harrison Baxter, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as the pilot of a torpedo bomber in operations against superior enemy surface units threatening our forces in Leyte Gulf. While serving aboard the escort carrier, U.S.S. Sangamon on 25 October 1944, after scoring a torpedo hit on an enemy heavy cruiser east of Samar Island, he obtained vital tactical information on the enemy force and delivered it to the officer in tactical command. He then led an attack on another enemy heavy cruiser north of Samar and inflicted two damaging hits. These actins were carried out in a conspicuously heroic manner. By pressing hom these aggressive attacks in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire with perseverence, skill and courage, his actions were greatly instrumental in the defeat of the enemy. His outstanding conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
7th Fleet File P15 (F-6-2/pmh), Serial 0815 (February 21, 1945)
Birth: 4/21/1918 - Larned, KS
Home Town: Larned, KS

BAXTER, JAMES LANDRON
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 20 (VT-20), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Landron Baxter, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron 20, attached to the U.S.S. Enterprise, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (then Ensign) Baxter pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy battleship to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 11/2/1923 - Texarkana, TX
Home Town: Texarkana, TX

BAXTER, LOREN EDWIN
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Loren Edwin Baxter, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber in the action against major enemy fleet units in the Inland Sea on 24 July 1945. Lieutenant (j.g.) Baxter skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a dive bombing attack against an enemy battleship. He pressed home his attack despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2nd Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File C2CTF/P15/814, Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)

BAYERS, EDWARD HOWARD
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 6 (VF-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward Howard Bayers, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as section leader of a combat patrol unit on June 4, 1942. Lieutenant Bayers sighted and attacked two large Zero fighters. The enemy section leader fell in flames. The wingman escaped due to the superior performance of the Japanese fighter. While diving to escape from this plane, Lieutenant Bayers sighted a torpedo plane approaching the U.S.S. Yorktown. Disregarding the danger from the presence of the enemy fighter, he attacked the Japanese torpedo plane and destroyed it. On June 6, as a member of an atttack group sent to intercept an enemy force of two heavy cruisers and two large destroyers, he strafed and seriously damaged an enemy destroyer despite intense anti-aircraft fire. His courage and offensive action were in keeping with the finest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15(2)/(05), Serial 3144 (July 16, 1942)
Birth: 1/23/1909 - St. Louis, MO
Home Town: Bethany Beach, DE

BAYLEY, FRANK S., JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Rockville
Date of Action: April - June 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank S. Bayley, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of a rescue vessel in operations against the enemy from April 1945 to June 1945, during the amphibious assault and capture of Okinawa. Demonstrating outstanding skill, inspiring leadership, and unfailing determination, Lieutenant Commander Bayley ably brought his ship to rescue survivors of burning and sinking vessels despite the hazards of frequent and violent air attacks by the enemy. He contributed materially to the success of a dangerously difficult operation in a conspicuously heroic manner. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
PhibForPac File CAF/P15, Serial 03189 (December 3, 1945)

BEACH, EDWARD LATIMER, JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Executive Officer, U.S.S. Tirante
Date of Action: March 3 - April 25, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward Latimer Beach, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer, Navigator and Assistant Approach Officer on board the U.S.S. Tirante against Japanese surface forces in the East China and Yellow Seas from March 3 to April 25, 1945. Lieutenant Commander Beach aided immeasurably in sending torpedos into targets with deadly accuracy and contributed to the sinking of three Japanese cargo ships, one large transport, a hostle tanker, three patrol frigates, and one lugger, totaling 28,000 tons of shipping vital to the enemy's ability to prosecute the war.
Birth: 4/20/1918 - New York, NY
Home Town: Palo Alto, CA

BEAN, ROY NEVELLE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy Nevelle Bean, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action while participating in an aerial flight in operations against the enemy in the vicinity of Kure Harbor, Honshu, Japan. As pilot of a carrier-based aircraft on 24 July 1945, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bean participated in a dive bombing attack on enemy heavy naval units, scoring a direct hit on the enemy heavy cruiser with a one-thousand-pound bomb. He daringly and skillfully carried his bomb in through heavy and accurate enemy anti-aircraft fire from the heavy naval units. His courage and disregard for his personal safety were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2nd Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File C2CTF/P15/957, Serial 02067 (October 12, 1945)

BEARDEN, HENRY CLAY
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 20 (VB-20), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry Clay Bearden, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while flying as wingman in a mission against and enemy Task Force in waters east of northern Luzon, Philippine Islands, on 25 October 1944. In the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire of all calibers, he pressed home his dive bombing attack on an aircraft carrier without regard to personal safety. He released his bombs from a low altitude, scoring direct hits which caused fires and serious damage to the ship. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File P15, serial 035 (January 20, 1945)
Birth: 12/10/1921 - Selma, AL
Home Town: Chattanooga, TN

BEARDMORE, CARLOS M.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Bennington
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Carlos M. Beardmore, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers at the Kure Naval Base on 24 July 1945. Ensign Beardmore skillfully and courageously supported his division leader in a dive bombing attack on an enemy battleship. Despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from the enemy warships and from numerous shore batteries, he pressed home his attack to a perilously low level, scoring a direct hit which immeasurable contributed to critically damaging the battleship to to the success of the Task Force mission. His conspicuous skill and courage were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2nd Carrier Task Force, Pacific, File C2CTF/P15/907, Serial 02018 (October 8, 1945)

BECKER, ALBERT L.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Cobia
Date of Action: June 26 - August 14, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Albert L. Becker, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Cobia during that vessel's First War Patrol from 26 June 1944 to 14 August 1944. By his clear thinking and intelligent planning Lieutenant Commander Becker skillfully penetrated strong enemy escort screens to press home aggressive and smartly executed torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of four enemy ships totalling 22,800 tons. His daring and tenacity during two surface gun engagements against an independent enemy vessel and a group of three armed patrol vessels resulted in the sinking of all four for a total of 1,450 tons. His coolness, quick thinking, and excellent seamanship during an attempt by one armed patrol vessel to ram his ship prevented serious damage and enabled him to escape. Although enemy depth-charge counter-attacks were severe and thoroughly donducted, his skillful evasive tactics enabled him to escape and bring his ship back to port with only minor damage. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Cincpac File P15/BA CONFIDENTIAL Serial 05950 (October 26, 1944)
Birth: 12/3/1911 - Brokhaven, MS
Home Town: Brookhaven, MS

BECKER, CLAUDE
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Marblehead
Date of Action: February 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Claude Becker, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action during the attack on the U.S.S. Marblehead by Japanese forces on February 4, 1942. Seaman Second Class Becker assisted in the removal of powder in the wake of the fire in adjacent compartments. He Opened a hot and heavy hatch which permitted men to escape from compartments below the fire.
Birth: 1/22/1918 - Ogden, UT
Home Town: Ogden, UT

BECTON, FREDERICK JULIAN
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Laffey
Date of Action: April 16, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick Julian Becton, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Laffey in action against enemy Japanese forces off Okinawa, on April 16, 1945. With his ship under savage attack by thirty hostile planes, Commander Becton skillfully countered the fanatical enemy tactics, employing every conceivable maneuver and directing all his guns in an intense and unrelenting barrage of fire to protect his ship against the terrific onslaught. Crashed by six of the overwhelming aerial force which penetrated the deadly antiaircraft defense, the U.S.S. Laffey, under his valiant command fought fiercely for over two hours against the attackers, blasting eight of the enemy out of the sky. Although the explosions of the suicide planes and two additional bombs caused severe structural damage, loss of armament and heavy personnel casualties, Commander Becton retained complete control of his ship, coolly directing emergency repairs in the midst of furious combat, and emerged at the close of the action with his gallant warship afloat and still an effective fighting unit. His unremitting tenacity of purpose, courageous leadership and heroic devotion to duty under fire were inspiring to those who served with him and enhanced the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Des Ace, AR

BEEBE, MARSHALL U.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: March 18, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Marshall U. Beebe, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy over southern Kyushi, Japan on 18 March 1945. Lieutenant Commander Beebe led a flight of carrier based fighter planes on a sweep over that area with the dual mission of destroying any airborne opposition and strafing air fields. During the course of the flight many enemy fighter planes were encountered and he and his squadron shot down a total of twenty-five enemy planes, probably destroyed three more and damaged others. He personally accounted for five enemy planes (fighters), all of which flamed and were seen to crash. During the same flight he led an attack, through anti-aircraft fire, on an airfield which resulted in the destruction of six parked aircraft and damage to airfield installations. His entire flight returned to the carrier without injury to any pilot or srious damage to any of our aircraft. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComLstCarTasForPac File P15, Serial 0792 (July 6, 1945)
Birth: 8/6/1913 - Anaheim, CA
Home Town: Anaheim, CA

BEESON, DONALD RUSSELL
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 83 (VT-83), U.S.S. Essex
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Donald Russell Beeson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a division leader of a carrier-based torpedo squadron in the fleet action in the East China Sea on 7 April 1945. Lieutenant Beeson skillfully and courageously led his division in a low level coordinated torpedo attack against major units of a task force of the enemy fleet including a battleship, cruisers, and destroyers. During the action he attacked the enemy battleship in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit with his torpedo which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComLstCarTasForPac Fil P15, Serial 0792 (July 6, 1945)

*BEGOR, FAY B.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Medical Officer, LCI (L) 343
Date of Action: September 4, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Fay B. Begor, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy and in the line of his profession. While Medical Officer on board one of the Infantry Landing Craft, that beached in the vicinity of Japanese occupied Lae on 4 September 1943, and was attacked repeatedly by enemy aircraft, Lieutenant (j.g.) Begor courageously continued to care for the wounded in the face of enemy bombing and strafing attacks, with total disregard for his personal safety, until he was killed in action. His actions and conduct were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Seventh Fleet Letter P15, Serial 7611 (November 26, 1943)
Birth: 10/15/1916 - New York, NY
Home Town: New York, NY

BEHL, JOSEPH
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: March 19, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Behl, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier based torpedo bomber in attack on major units of the enemy fleet in the Kure Bay area of Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. In the face of extremely intense anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Behl piloted his plane in a glide bombing attack on an enemy aircraft carrier scoring two direct hits with his bombs. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Navy.
1st CarTasFor, Pac File P15, Serial 0526 (May 4, 1945)

BEHR, WILLIAM ANTHONY
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 6, U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: August 24, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Anthony Behr, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as pilot of a bombing plane, during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces against a Japanese Naval Task Force in the Solomon Islands area on August 24, 1942. Without regard for intense anti-aircraft fire and air opposition Ensign, then Lieutenant (j.g.) Behr delivered his dive bombing attack with utmost vigor and heroic determination. In so doing he contributed in an extraordinary measure to the provable destruction of a Japanese aircraft carrier. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.
CinC Pac Letter (October 30, 1942) Pac 09-mp P15(1) Serial 3954
Birth: 3/29/1920 - St. Louis, MO
Home Town: St. Louis, MO

*BEHREND, CARL WILHELM
Machinist, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Houston
Date of Action: October 14, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Carl Wilhelm Behrend, Machinist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy off Formosa on 14 October 1944, when the cruiser to which he was attached received a torpedo hit in the engine space next adjoining his after fireroom battle station. Observing from the upper level by his own flashlight that a group of men was struggling in darkness and rapidly rising water to enter an escape door, he went immediately below to direct an orderly exit and to provide light. Though able at any moment to step to safety he thought only of his men, standing aside for late comers until water rose above his head and blocked his chance of escape. His utter disregard of self and resolute sacrifice for others was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCPac Serial 031793 (January 4, 1945)
Home Town: Princeton, NJ

BEHRENS, WILLIAM WOHLSEN
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Houston
Date of Action: October 14, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Wohlsen Behrens, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy off Formosa while commanding a cruiser during enemy air attacks on the evening of 14 October 1944. When his ship was torpedoed, dead in the water and dangerously stricken, Captain Behrens cooly supervised the evacuation of excess personnel, directed effective damage control measures and supervised the ship's being placed in tow by another ruiser. Subsequently his ship was again torpedoed in enemy air attacks on 16 October 1944. Again his cool action and unflagging determination were an inspiration to his officers and men, contributing in a large part to his ship's continued retirement to safety. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
2ndCarTaskForPac File P15, Serial 0301 (November 30, 1944)
Birth: 6/6/1898 - Lancaster, PA
Home Town: Lancaster, PA

BELL, DAVID BONAR
(First Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Pargo
Date of Action: January 15 - March 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to David Bonar Bell, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extgraordinary heroism in action in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the United States Submarine during a war patrol of that vessel. Commander Bell's skilfully planned approaches and courageous attacks resulted in sinking extensive enemy shipping. In addition, he successfully conducted several special missions of great importance. Through his experience and sound judgment he brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCPac Letter P15/SS, Serial 04029 (May 6, 1945)
Birth: 11/16/1913 - Fargo, ND
Home Town: Fargo, ND
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BELL, FREDERICK JACKSON
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Grayson
Date of Action: August 24, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick Jackson Bell, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heropism as Commanding officer of the U.S.S. Grayson during the Battle of Ontong Java against enemy Japanese forces on August 24, 1942. When his ship was subjected to repeated bombing and strafing attacks by enemy dive bombers at very close range, Commander Bell conned his vessel and directed the fire of his battery with outstanding efficiency, destroying at least two Japanese dive bombers and damaging others. Immediately following the engagement and during the night, he conducted a search for lost planes, taking his ship into enemy waters and away from the protections of friendly forces. Courageously exposing himself to attack by hostile air and surface units, he established the identity of aircrarft and, by flashing messages, directed our planes safely to the carriers, which had been forced to retire from the battle area, thereby saving a number of our aircraft from destruction. His devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 9/5/1903 - Norfolk, VA
Home Town: Baltimore, MD

*BELL, JAMES HENRY
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 7, U.S.S. Hancock
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Henry Bell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier based bombing squadron on 25 October 1944. Flying to extreme range from his carrier against major units of the fleet in the Philippine Islands area, Lieutenant Bell pressed home his attack despite intense anti-aircraft fire in utter disregard of his own safety and scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComVB-7 File P15 o010 (December 4, 1944), CinCPac Serial 01625
Birth: 12/19/1918 - Penville, IN
Home Town: Elwood, IN

BELL, JOHN JULIUS
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Harris
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Julius Bell, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as Officer in Charge of a scout boat from the U.S.S. Harris during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Preceding the assault on Safi on November 8, Ensign Bell skillfully maneuvered his boat in complete darkness from the transport area eight miles off the coast into position near the main jetty of the harbor. Despite enemy fire, he steadfastly maintained his station and continued to signal directions to the U.S.S. Bernadou, the U.S.S. Cole, and the leading assault waves, in order to guide them to the harbor entrance and to the nearby beaches.
Birth: 9/8/1913 - Boonville, MO
Home Town: Houston, TX

BENCE, JOHN F.
Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: March 28, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John F. Bence, Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his duty as a member of the crew of a United States patrol craft on March 28, 1945, during pre-invasion operations near Okinawa. When a nearby friendly vessel struck an enemy mine, and was left in a sinking condition, he, after securing permission from his Commanding Officer plunged into the mine infested waters in an effort to aid survivors of the stricken vessel. After assisting six men to safety, another explosion occurred, which scattered burning oil over a large area. Despite his extreme personal danger, Quartermaster First Class Bence continued his life saving efforts until the ship had sunk from view and all survivors were safely aboard his ship. Through his exceptionally conspicuous and meritorious action, he contributed immeasurable to saving numerous lives, and proved to be a source of inspiration to all. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
PhibForPac. File P15, Serial 02560 (September 28, 1945)

BENNETT, JOHN EDWARD
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
U.S.S. San Francisco
Date of Action: November 12 & 13, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Edward Bennett, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving aboard the U.S.S. San Francisco during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands area on November 12 and 13, 1942. Although suffering great pain from a severe wound sustained at the height of the battle, Lieutenant Bennett, with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, organized a party to fight fires which were raging in the ship's hanger while that area was still under hostile bombardment. His gallant initiative, maintained at great risk in the face of grave danger, was instrumental in minimizing damage to the ship and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/9/1918 - Montpelier, OH
Home Town: Evanston, IL

BENNETT, THOMAS M.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas M. Bennett, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy. On 25 October 1944, Lieutenant Commander Bennet led a flight of planes in an attack against a large Japanese force consisting of battleships, cruiser, and escorting destroyers. Despite adverse weather conditins and a dangerously low fuel supply he searched determinedly for this force and upon location, initiated an immediate attack. He pressed home a vigorous attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire of all calibers. The well-coordinated and effective attack inflicted heavy damage on the Japanese vessels and contributed materially to the defeat of the enemy task force. His cool courage, expert professinal skill and extraordinary heroism were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
7th Fleet, Letter P15(F-6-2/hek), Serial 14210 (December 16, 1944)
Birth: 12/9/1915 - Eastport, MD
Home Town: Annapolis, MD

BENNETT, WALTER THOMAS
Coxswain, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: September 27, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Walter Thomas Bennett, Coxswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as a volunteer member of the crew of a Higgins boat used in the evacuation of a group of Marines from a beachhead on Guadalcanal Island on September 27, 1942. Coxswain Bennett, although he knew that his boat was to be maneuvered into an exposed position for the purpose of drawing enemy fire away from the other boats being used to rescue the trapped Marines, courageously volunteered as a member of the crew. The lightly armed boat was made a target for the enemy fire during the evacuation and Coxswain Bennet was wounded just as the operation was completed. His gallant action, taken without regard for his own safety, contributed directly to the highly successful rescue, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
SOPAC File P15/(02), Serial 0408 (February 10, 1943)
Birth: 9/26/1915 - Smith Grove, KY
Home Town: Sugar Grove, KY

BENSON, ROBERT HAINES
(First Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 3 (VB-3), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Haines Benson, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for heroism and distinguished service as pilot of VB-3. Lieutenant (j.g.) Robert Benson took part in dive bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, 1942. Disregarding danger from anti-aircraft fire and fighter opposition, he pressed home attacks against the Japanese Fleet with heroic determination, contributing greatly to the decisive victory of our forces.
CinC Pac Letter P15(2)/(05), Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Birth: 3/14/1920 - San Francisco, CA
Home Town: San Francisco, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BENSON, ROY S.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Trigger
Date of Action: December 3, 1942 - January 22, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy S. Benson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and exceptional achievement as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Trigger in patrolled enemy waters. Lieutenant Commander Benson, by his skill and excellent judgement maneuvered his ship, undetected, into an assigned area or laying mines, successfully conducted the mine laying operation and observed the destruction of one 8,400 ton enemy vessel from the mines laid by his submarine. He then carried out aggressive and skillful torpedo attacks resulting in the sinking of 15,271 tons of enemy shipping. Despite enemy counter efforts he brought his submarine through without damage to material or injury to personnel. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC pacific Serial 32 (1943)
Birth: 12/7/1906 - Concord, NH
Home Town: Concord, NH
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BERG, ADAM WILLIAM
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron, U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Adam William Berg., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based dive bombing airplane in actin against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant (j.g.) Berg's attack against an enemy fleet oiler was pressed home to a low altitude with determination and skill in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire. He scored direct hits with his bombs and contributed heavily to the destruction of the enemy ship. During retirement his excellent airmanship and coolness were instrumental in frustrating enemy fighters which made repeated attacks against his division. While returning to his own forces, his fuel exhausted, and he was forced to make a water landing in complete darkness. Both he and his aircrewman escaped injury and were eventually rescued. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific, Letter P15, Serial 0583 (September 27, 1944)
Birth: 11/26/1922 - Ozone Park, Queens, NY
Home Town: Ozone Park, Queens, NY

BERGER, NELS LUTHER A.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Nels Luther A. Berger, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as pilot of VS-5. In the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, Lieutenant (j.g.) Berger pressed home attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet with heroic determination, thereby contributing to victory of our forces. His courage and tenacity in the face of heavy fighter and anti-aircraft opposition were in keeping with the best traditions of Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15(2)/(05), Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Birth: 1/15/1912 - Rembrandt, IA
Home Town: Sioux City, IA

BERGIN, CHARLES KNIESE
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Monssen
Date of Action: October 24 - 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Kniese Bergin, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Comminding Officer of a United States destroyer during action against Japanese forces in Surigao Strait, Philippine Islands, on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Although illuminated and subjected to enemy fire, Commander Bergin brought his ship to within short range of heavy enemy vessels, launched a daring torpedo attach, which inflicted severe damage on the enemy, and retired without loss or injury. The successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. His high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com3rdPhibFor File FE/P15(2), Serial 394 (December 26, 1944)
Birth: 1/25/1904 - Baltimore, MD
Home Town: Baltimore, MD

BERKEY, RUSSELL STANLEY
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Russell Stanley Berkey, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while commanding forces in operations against the enemy. Rear Admiral Berkey led his ships against the enemy battleline at the Battle of Surigao Strait, Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, on 25 October 1944, in a conspicuously heroic manner. By his courage and determination he gave encouragement to his force in a manner that caused his action to be largely instrumental in the success of a most difficult operation. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/hek), Serial 13680 (December 7, 1944)
Birth: 8/4/1893 - Goshen, IN
Home Town: Tulsa, OK

*BERKHEIMER, JACK STANLEY
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jack Stanley Berkheimer, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy on 24 October 1944, in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. While piloting a night fighter Ensign Berkheimer intercepted and personally destroyed two enemy aircraft which were attempting to track the Task Force to which his carrier was attached. In spite of very adverse weather conditions, necessitating violent evasive action through clouds and squalls, and in the face of aggressive firing by the enemy, he courageously and eprsistently pressed home his attack to such close range that fragments from the second exploding enemy aircraft damaged his plane beyond repair. In destroying these aircraft he prevented the enemy from receiving information as to the movements of the Task Force. By his coolness under fire and despite the condition of his airplane he skillfully maneuvered his airplane to a safe night carrier landing. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Pacific, File P15, Serial 0832 (December 21, 1944)
Birth: 7/30/1924 - Bremerton, WA
Home Town: Fremont, OH

*BERMINGHAM, JOHN M.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Peary
Date of Action: December 10, 1941 - February 19, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John M. Bermingham, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Peary, in enemy waters, December 10, 1941 to February 19, 1942. Lieutenant Commander Bermingham and his ship fought valiantly against the enemy.
Birth: 7/6/1905 - New York, NY
Home Town: New York, NY

*BERRY, BERNARD F.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Torpedo Bombing Squadron 84 (CAG-84), U.S.S. Bunker Hill
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Bernard F. Berry, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in oprations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane in an attack against a Japanese battleship on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Lieutenant Berry pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His plane was very seriously damaged by this fire. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close rante through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac Ltr File P15, Serial 01003 (July 9, 1945)
Home Town: , LA

*BERRY, DAVID RENDER
(Second Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4, 7 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to David Render Berry, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courageous devotion to duty as pilot of an airplane of a Scouting Squadron in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on May 4, 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on May 7 and 8, 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, on May 8 opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea.
Birth: 7/13/1915 - Owensboro, KY
Home Town: Bowling Green, KY
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

*BERRY, DAVID RENDER
(Third Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to David Render Berry, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroism and distinguished service as pilot of VS-5. In the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, 1942, Ensign Berry pressed home attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet with determination, thereby contributing to the victory of our forces. His courage and tenacity in the face of enemy fighter and anti-aircraft opposition were in keeping with the best traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15(2)/(05), Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Birth: 7/13/1915 - Owensboro, KY
Home Town: Bowling Green, KY
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*BERRY, DAVID RENDER
(First Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to David Render Berry, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against Japanese forces at Salamua-Lae, New Guinea, March 10, 1942. Ensign Berry seriously damaged and probably destroyed one enemy vessel. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/13/1915 - Owensboro, KY
Home Town: Bowling Green, KY
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BERTHOLF, CHARLES MARRINER
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Callaghan
Date of Action: March 25 - June 22, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Marriner Bertholf, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commanding Officer of the United States Ship Callaghan from 25 March to 22 June 1945 in the vicinity of Okinawa. During this period of almost continuous action Commander Bertholf repeatedly placed his ship, with coolness and excellent judgment, and in spit of attacks from enemy planes, suicide boats, submarines and shore batteries, in positin where it could be employed most effectively against the enemy. His ship was individually responsible for the destruction of one midget submarine and six enemy aircraft, and assisted in the destruction of many others, while continuing to furnish fire support to our forces ashore and protection to important units of the fleet which materially contributed to the success of our operations against the enemy. His determination, professional skill and heroic conduct were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComDesPacFlt Letter File P15, Serial 04068 (November 15, 1945)

BERTIE, JOHN ROBERT
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: February 22, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Robert Bertie, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroic conduct, superior airmanship, and utter disregard of personal safety in the execution of his mission as a fighter pilot assigned to destroy enemy aircraft at Tenian and Saipan Islands, 22 February 1944. After participating in four strafing runs on enemy airfields, Ensign Bertie destroyed an enemy airborne ZEKE-Type fighter plane. Then, despite wounds in the left arm and left leg from airborne fire and anti-aircraft fire, and in spite of damage to his plane, he engaged and shot down a formation of two more ZEKE-Type fighter planes. He then, without compass, navigated his plane 130 miles back to base by means of the sun. Although weak from loss of blood, and with his left arm incapacitated, he succeeded in manually lowering his flaps and wheels, putting his guns on safety, and landing aboard. His superior airmanship, his aggressiveness and unswerving devotion to duty, and his disregard of personal safety in the execution of his mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCpad Letter Pac-052-rel P15/BA, Serial 01005 (March 16, 1944)
Birth: 5/17/1923 - Mitchell, SC
Home Town: Eau Claire, WI

BEST, RICHARD H.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 6 (VB-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Richard H. Best, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Squadron Commander of VB-6. Lieutenant Commander Best led his squadron against the Japanese invasion fleet during the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, 1942 with such boldness, determination and utter disregard of personal safety that he contributed in a large degree to the magnificent victory of our forces. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the finest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15(2)/(05), serial 3144 (August 7, 1942)
Birth: 3/24/1910 - Bayonee, NJ
Home Town: East Orange, NJ

BEYER, AARON FREDERICK, JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Raymond
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Aaron Frederick Beyer, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a Destroyer Escort, the U.S.S. Raymond, in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Samar Island in Philippine waters on 25 October 1944. With outstanding skill, Lieutenant Commander Beyer maneuvered his little ship under intense fire from enemy heavy forces vastly superior in numbers, armament and armor. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
7th Fleet File P15 (F-6-2/hek), Serial 0678 (February 11, 1945)
Birth: 12/1/1911 - Tyrone, PA
Home Town: Chicago, IL

BIGELOW, LAVELL MELDRUM
(First Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron, U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to LaVell Meldrum Bigelow, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against Japanese forces at Salamua-Lae, New Guinea, March 10, 1942. Ensign Bigelow damaged and probably destroyed one enemy vessel.
Birth: 11/12/1917 - Provo, UT
Home Town: Provo, UT
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BIGELOW, LAVELL MELDRUM
(Second Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 5 (VB-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to LaVell Meldrum Bigelow, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service as pilot of an airplane bombing squadron in dive bombing attacks against Japanese forces in Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in attacks on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. these attacks, pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on May 8, opposed by enemy aircraft, resulted in sinking or damaging of a carrier and eight other vessels. His gallant conduct contributed to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea.
CinC Pac File P15(1)/(05), serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Birth: 11/12/1917 - Provo, UT
Home Town: Provo, UT
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BINFORD, THOMAS H.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commander, Destroyer Division 58
Date of Action: February 19 - 20, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas H. Binford, Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in line with his profession as Commander of a Destroyer Division during the Battle of Badoeng Strait in the Netherlands East Indies, February 19 to 20, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 8/25/1896 - Durant, MS
Home Town: Aberdeen, MS

BINNING, EDWARD G.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: May 26, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward G. Binning, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Patrol Plane Commander, operating in the Caribbean Area, while conducting antisubmarine patrol on the night of May 26, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 2/6/1915 - Syracuse, NY
Home Town: New York, NY

BIRCH, ROBERT FEATHERSTONE
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 18, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Featherstone Birch, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier based dive bomber in the attack against an enemy battleship in the Tokyo Bay Area on 18 July 1945. Lieutenant Birch skillfully and courageously pressed his attack home in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire scoring a hit on the target which contributed materially to the severe damage suffered by the warship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2nd CarTaskFor File C2CTF/P15/814, Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BISHEIMER, ALEXANDER JOSEPH
Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Eberle
Date of Action: March 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Alexander Joseph Bisheimer, Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action, on March 10, 1943, when as a member of the boarding party from the U.S.S. Eberle, he boarded an intercepted Blockade Runner. Bisheimer boarded the Blockade Runner in company with the boarding officer and assisted in an energetic and determined effort to salvage the ship and to obtain information regarding the enemy. He remained on board the Blockade Runner until several explosions rocked her and forced him to dive overboard into the water from whence he was recovered.
Birth: 7/24/1922 - Akron, OH
Home Town: Akron, OH

BISHOP, CLAUDE ULYSSES, JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: August 2, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Claude Ulysses Bishop, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous gallantry as a member of a United States Naval Advanced Reconnaissance Party attacked by superior and overwhelming enemy ground forces between Pontorson and Dol, France, on August 2, 1944. Lieutenant Commander Bishop skillfully deployed and directed his men, who were untrained in infantry tactics, so as to prevent the encircling of the Reconnaissance Party and hold off the enemy until reinforcements arrived several hours later to cover the retreat of the party. After the death or injury of the Senior Officers, Lieutenant Commander Bishop assumed command of the party, contributing immeasurably towars saving the lives of the great majority of the naval and military personnel involved. Throughout the action, Lieutenant Commander Bishop did not fail to appreciate the superiority of the opposition and the relative inexperience of his own force and its lack of proper munitions. The orders he gave were clear and well-conceived, and he made sure that every possible officer and man received them. While directing the defense of the party and organizing the withdrawal to safe ground, he remained in dangerously exposed positions, and his gallant action and leadership inspired confidence in those under his command. By displaying such courage and resourcefullness he succeeded in withdrawing the Reconnaissance Party with the minimum of casualties, notwithstanding the overwhelming superiority of the opposition. His intrepidity and courageous leadership were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com12thFlt File P15-35(2), Serial 11306 (November 15, 1944)
Birth: 4/21/1906 - Lawrenceburg, KY
Home Town: Arlington, MA

BITTING, SOULE TRYON
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 27 (VT-27), U.S.S. Savo Island
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Soule Tryon Bitting, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Pilot of a torpedo-bomber based on the Carrier, U.S.S. Savo Island, during her action against enemy forces at Leyte Island, Philippine Islands, on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Bitting led his torpedo division through heavy intense anti-aircraft fire, to register two torpedo hits on an enemy Cruiser. His perfect timing and execution caused much damage to the enemy, thereby preventing serious harm to his own forces. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/pmh), Serial 0762 (February 18, 1945)
Birth: 1/7/1916 - Grand Rapids, MI
Home Town: Grandhaven, MI

*BITZEGATO, NORMAN B.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 6 (VT-6), U.S.S. Hancock
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Norman B. Bitzegato, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based torpedo aircraft in the attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. Ensign Bitzegato skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a bombing attack against a heavy cruiser and scored a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to major damage inflicted on the ship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 033336 (August 10, 1945)

*BIVIN, VERNARD EUGENE
Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Salt Lake City
Date of Action: October 11 - 12, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Vernard Eugene Bivin, Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving aboard the U.S.S. Salt Lake City during action against enemy Japanese forces in the South Pacific on the night of October 11 - 12, 1942. Although mortally wounded, Bivin continued at his post as trainer on a broadside gun until a lull in the battle, performing his duties so well that the other members of his gun crew did not know he had been injured. Even as he collapsed, he was still trying to keep his pointers matched and his gun firing without cessation. His great courage and outstanding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in defense of his country.
Birth: 11/23/1921 - Greenville, KY
Home Town: Central City, KY

BJARNASON, PAUL HENRIK
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Henry A. Wiley
Date of Action: May 4 & 5, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Paul Henrik Bjarnason, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding officer of the U.S.S. Henry A. Wiley in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa, May 4 and 5, 1945. With his ship under numerous concentrated and determined attacks by hostile aircraft and Baka bombs, Commander Bjarnason gallantly fought his vessel and directed a skillfully coordinated offensive gunfire to destroy four enemy planes and two Baka bombs. His valiant leadership, courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Commander Bjarnason and the United States Naval Service.

BLACK, CLARENCE H.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Assault Force "U",
Date of Action: June 6, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clarence H. Black, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while attached to Assault Force "U" engaged in the assault upon the coast of France, 6 June 1944. Although his beach was under incessant enemy artillery fire, his executive officer killed and all personnel ordered to take cover, Lieutenant Black fearlessly exposed himself in order to direct the incoming assault waves to suiccessful landings. By his courageous actions he made possible the beaching of twenty-seven waves of assault craft. The bravery and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Black on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComNavEu Letter P15-11, Serial 7929 (September 13, 1944)
Birth: 8/2/1911 - Beaumont, TX
Home Town: Houston, TX

BLACK, JOSEPH COOPER
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 19 (VT-19), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Cooper Black, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based torpedo aircraft in the fleet action in the Philippine Sea on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Black skillfully and accurately piloted his aircraft in a torpedo attack against major units of a task force of the enemy fleet including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers. During the action he attacked an enemy battleship, scoring a direct hit with his torpedo which seriously damaged the vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor File P15, Serial 0765 (October 30, 1944)
Birth: 2/24/1914 - Hohenwald, TN
Home Town: Powell Station, TN
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BLACKBURN, JOHN THOMAS
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 17 (VF-17), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: January 26 & 30 and February 9, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Thomas Blackburn, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while participating in aerial flights against the enemy in the New Britain theater.In thirty- two days Lieutenant Commander Blackburn flew thirty combat sorties, twenty-one of which were escort missions or fighter sweeps over the Rabaul area, and on thirteen of which he encountered enemy aircraft. On 26 January, when the bombers which he was escorting were intercepted by moret han fifty enemy fighters, he destroyed one of them. On 30 January the light bombers he escorted were aggressively intercepted by twenty enemy fighters. In repeated attacks he destroyed two of them and probably shot down three more. On 9 February he led a flight of eight Corsairs which found an enemy ship at anchor and sank it with machine gun fire. His outstanding devotion to duty, his heroic conduct against numerically superior enemy forces, his daring and aggressive airmanship were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComSoPac letter P15/BA, Serial 0943 (April 20, 1944)

BLAIR, LEON NELSON
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commander, Submarine Division 44
Date of Action: May 16 - July 1, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Leon Nelson Blair, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in action as Commander of a Coordinated Attack Group of Submarines opeating in waters west of the Marianas Islands and in the China Sea, south of Formosa, during the period from May 16, 1944 to July 1, 1944. By his outstanding administrative ability and knowledge of submarine warfare, and as a result of many material contributions and efficient handling of this attack group, the submarines under his command sank eight enemy ships totalling 63,200 tons and damages two others totalling 11,900 tons. Much of the credit for these submarine's aggressiveness and successful attacks, in spite of severe enemy counter-measures, was largely due to his efficient administration and inspiring leadership in coordinating these submarines into an efficient attack force. His conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Cinc Pac File P15/BA, Serial 04577 (September 3, 1944)
Birth: 5/17/1899 - Ogdensburg, NY
Home Town: New London, CT

BLAKE, FRANK WILLIAM
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank William Blake, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, 24 October 1944. As pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber, Ensign Blake participated in an attack which contributed materially to the annihilation of an enemy battleship, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. The action he was part of removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor Pacific File P15, Serial 0533 (September 11, 1945)

*BLAKELY, EDWARD NOE
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Shark
Date of Action: May 16 - June 17, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward Noe Blakely, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action in the line of his profession as Commanding officer of the U.S.S. Shark during the first war patrol of that vessel during the period from May 16, 1944 to June 17, 1944, his first as Commanding Officer. With daring and aggressive determination in the face of unusually strong and alert enemy escorts, which included both air and surface craft, Commander Blakely skillfully executed three well-planned and brilliantly executed torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of our enemy ships for a total of 32,200 tons and damaging of one 5,600 ton freighter. Skillful evasive action enabled him to escape enemy counter-measures and avoid damage to his ship. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15/BA, Serial 04780 (September 11, 1944)
Birth: 5/17/1912 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Brentwood, West Los Angeles, CA

BLANCHARD, JAMES W.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Albacore
Date of Action: May 29 - July 16, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James W. Blanchard, Commander, U.S. Navy, for meritorious conduct in action in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Albacore during that vessel's Ninth War Patrol from 29 May 1944, to 16 July 1944. Rear Admiral (then Commander) Blanchard skillfully and aggressive penetration of enemy escort screens maintained around a large enemy task force enabled him to launch a torpedo attack which resulted in the damaging of a large Skokaku class aircraft carrier of 29,800 tons. In an excellent and daring surface gun attack he destroyed a 1,000 ton inter-island enemy steamer, and shelled and damaged the phosphate works on Fais Island. His skillful evasive tactics during enemy counter-measures, and strafing and bombing by enemy planes, enabled him to escape and bring his ship to port without damage. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter P15/BA, Serial 05480 (October 9, 1944)

BLASER, FREDERICK
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 16 (VT-16), U.S.S. Randolph
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick Blaser, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomber in operations against Japanese Naval Shipping in the Inland Sea of Japan at the Kure Naval Base on 24 July 1945. Ensign Blaser skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in an attack on a battleship-carrier, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit and near miss with his bombs which materially contributed to the sinking of this capital ship. His attack was made with courage and skill, without regard for his own safety and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTasForPac File C2CTF/P15/743, Serial 01849 (September 17, 1945)

BLEDSOE, ALBERT MACQUEEN
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Denver
Date of Action: October 17 - 29, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Albert MacQueen Bledsoe, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the cruiser, U.S.S. Denver, in her action against the enemy from 17 to 29 October 1944. During this time the U.S.S. Denver supported the landing of our forces on Dinagat, Suluan and Leyte Islands, and on 24 October participated in the defense of Leyte Gulf, which resulted in sinking of at least one enemy battleship, a cruiser and six destroyers. Through his professional skill and capable leadership, his vessel performed all missions assigned to her in a highly efficient manner and contributed materially to our success. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt Pac File P15(F-6-2/pmh), serial 02465 (March 8, 1945)
Birth: 8/28/1896 - Cleburne, TX
Home Town: San Antonio, TX

*BLEECH, OTTO ROSS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Otto Ross Bleech, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomber in operations against major enemy fleet forces in the vicinity of the Central Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. Skillfully flying his plane through extremely intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire Lieutenat (j.g.) Bleech approached to close range and obtained a torpedo hit on an enemy heavy cruiser causing certain damage. His determination and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac, Ltr C2CTB/P15, Serial 0451 (December 17, 1944)
Birth: 10/23/1923 - St. Cloud, FL
Home Town: Pahokee, FL

BLICK, ROBERT E., JR.
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Santee
Date of Action: October 18 - 27, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert E. Blick, Jr., Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against an enemy of the United States. As Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Santee, Captain Blick was engaged in furnishing air support to amphibious attack groups landing on the shore of Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, from 18 to 27 October 1944. On 25 October 1944 his ship was hit by a Japanese suicide dive bomber and shortly afterwards was torpedoed by an enemy submarine. Under his courageous leadership the fire that ensued in the hangar was soon extinguished and the ship proceeded to launch flight after flight against the enemy fleet approaching Leyte Gulf from the east. These planes damaged the enemy ships and contributed to their turning away from the attack on our forces in Leyte Gulf. By his personal courage, skill in combat, and determination, he gave encouragement to his personnel in a manner that caused his actions to contribute to turning away the enemy fleet, thereby helping it win the critical Battle of Samar Island. His conduct throughout was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/wmh), Serial 0193 (January 19, 1945)
Birth: 7/8/1899 - Peru, IN
Home Town: Michigan City, IN

*BLIND, HOWARD JAMES
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Crevalle
Date of Action: September 11, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Howard James Blind, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and intrepidity in the line of his profession upon the occasion of a surfacing accident to the U.S.S. Crevalle, 11 September 1944. As Officer of the Deck, upon reaching the bridge and observing that the ship was resubmerging with the upper conning tower hatch open Lieutenant Blind fought his way through a torrent of water and with complete disregard of his own safety struggled with the hatch until it was closed, although the ship had submerged at the time to a keel depth of 150 feet. His action was a major contributing factor to the saving of the ship and her crew and undoubtedly cost him his own life. His actions and conduct on this occasion was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/hek), Serial 03215 (December 6, 1944)
Birth: 4/30/1921 - Chicago, IL
Home Town: Casper, WY

BLINN, WELFORD CHARLES
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Pope
Date of Action: January 24 - 25, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Welford Charles Blinn, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for especially meritorious conduct, extreme courage and complete disregard for his own personal safety in the face of heavy opposition, on the night of January 24- - 25, 1942, as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Pope, in delivering a successful attack upon enemy Japanese forces off Balikpapan, Borneao, Netherlands East Indies. By skillful and precise handling of his ship, Lieutenant Commander Blinn aided in surprising and confusing the superior Japanese forces, and as a rsult, a great part of the enemy concentration was sunk or damaged by repeated torpedo and gunfire attacks. This action and the high morale of his command reflect favorably on Lieutenant Commander Blinn's ability as a Commanding Officer and a leader.
Birth: 10/12/1902 - Sparta, OH
Home Town: New Smyrna, FL
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BLINN, WELFORD CHARLES
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Pope
Date of Action: February 19 - 20, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Welford Charles Blinn, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Pope in action against enemy forces at Badoeng Strait, February 19 to 20, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 10/12/1902 - Sparta, OH
Home Town: New Smyrna, FL
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BLITCH, JOHN DEVEREUX, JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 14 (VB-14), U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Devereux Blitch, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based dive bombing plane on 20 June 1944. While acting as strike leader of a force of carrier-based aircraft, Lieutenant Commander Blitch led his strike to the absolute maximum range of his dive bombing aircraft in search of units of the Japanese fleet. After sighting a group of enemy tankers but no major combatant units of the enemy force, he then led his trike on a search for enemy carriers fifty miles to the south, well-knowing that the fuel remaining in his dive bombing planes including his own plane would probably not permit a safe return to friendly forces. After failing to find enemy forces to the south, he led his aircraft back to the force of enemy tankers and destroyers and in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, of all types, and enemy fighter opposition, conducted an effective and damaging attack on them with the planes under his control, which resulted in the sinking of two tankers of supply ships, one destroyer, the damaging of two tankers and one destroyer, and the destruction of five enemy aircraft. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor File P15, Serial 0543 (September 16, 1944)
Birth: 10/14/1914 - Charleston, SC
Home Town: Charleston, SC

BLOOM, VICTOR A.
Motor Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
Patrol Boat 101 (PT-101)
Date of Action: September - December 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Victor A. Bloom, Motor Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotin to duty in action against the enemy. From September through December, 1943, Motor Machinist's Mate First Class Bloom participated actively in more than thirty combat patrols against Japanese barge traffic along the north coast of New Guinea and the west coast of New Britain. On these patrols his boat sank or destroyed 10 barges loaded with troops and supplies, 2 sketches, 1 lugger, 1 picket boat, and 2 enemy aircraft, frequently in the face of bitter resistance from the enemy craft and larger caliber shore guns. On three of these occasions his boat was hit by enemy fire. On the morning of December 27, 1943, while effecting a daylight reconnaissance of the coast of New Britain northwest of Arawe, his boat and PT-190 were attacked by 30 to 40 Japanese dive bombers and fighter planes. During the engagement, which lasted 45 minutes, all three of the engines in his boat were hit and damaged. Displaying exemplary coolness and gallantry and in disregard of personal safety he remained at his post although the engine room was filled with fumes from leaking gas and sprayed with hot water from damaged water jackets. With extraordinary skill and presence of mind he maintained all engines in an operative condition throughout the entire action. Perceiving that the gas tanks were hit and leaking he took immediate and successful action to prevent potential fire by shutting off the tank compartment and blanketing it with carbon dioxide. In the course of the action and in addition to his duties as engineer, he admdinistered first aid to two injured members of the crew. His actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt Letter P15(F-6-2/Ads), Serial 0431 (February 26, 1944)
Birth: 2/14/1916 - Saugus, MA
Home Town: Lynn, MA

BOESE, DONALD AUGUST JOHAN
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 81 (VF-81), U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action: February 17, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Donald August Johan Boese, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraoridnary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane in an attack against a major unit of the enemy fleet in the Tokyo Bay Area, on 17 February 1945. In the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Boese skillfully and courageously conducted his aircraft in a fighter-bomber attack against an enemy aircraft carrier, scoring a direct bomb hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Pac File P15, Serial 0218 (March 20, 1945)
Birth: 6/16/1921 - Holloway, MN
Home Town: Holloway, MN

BOGAN, GERALD FRANCIS
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: November 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Gerald Francis Bogan, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operat ions against the enemy on 25 November 1944. When the ships under his command were under heavy enemy aerial attack, Rear Admiral Bogan maneuvered them with such skill and judgment that the least favorable target was presented to the enemy. With three of his carriers damaged, including two bomb hits on his own Flagship, he continued to fight his forces so skillfully and vigorously that eight enemy aircraft were shot down by ship's gun fire and the remaining enemy driven away. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor Pac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 01203 (February 4, 1945)
Birth: 7/27/1894 - Mackinac Island, MI
Home Town: Mackinac Island, MI

BOGAN, JAMES DURRWOOD
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Scout Bombing Squadron 13 (VB-13), U.S.S. Franklin
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Durrwood Bogan, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against a large enemy task force while serving as pilot of a carrier-based scout bomber airplane in the Northeast Philippine Area. On 25 October 1944, in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bogan scored a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier which contributed to its sinking. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac, Ltr C2CTF/P15, Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Birth: 7/29/1918 - Coushatta, LA
Home Town: Atlanta, GA

*BOLE, JOHN A., JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Amberjack
Date of Action: September 3 - October 30, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John A. Bole, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action in operations against the enemy during the period 3 September to 30 October 1942, while in command of the U.S.S. Amberjack on patrol in enemy controlled waters, Lieutenant Commander Bole inflicted heavy losses to valuable enemy shipping. By his extraordinary heroism and intrepid and aggressive conduct of the patrol, three enemy vessels totallying 28,000 tons were sunk and two other enemy vessels totalling approximately 17,000 tons were damaged. On 7 October 1942, after damaging an enemy cargo ship, he came to the surface and conducted a determined pursuit for five hourse, eventually destroying it in spite of the fact that the enemy was armed with a deck gun. On October 10, 1942, with great gallantry in the face of the enemy he proceeded to Kavieng Harbor and sank the 19,000 tone whale rendering ship Tonan Maru and damaged a 7,000 ton freighter, fully recognizing the dangers involved, but also realizing that the Tonan Maru had been used by the enemy for ferrying planes and was a very valuable target. On September 19, 1942 and again on October 10, 1942, his ship was strenuously depth charged by the enemy, but by the use of cool and skillful evasive tactics Lieutenant Commander Bole was able to escape with only minor damage to the Amberjack. Such actions on his part were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Birth: 3/28/1906 - Elmhurst, L.I., NY
Home Town: New London, CT

*BOLES, ROGER STANLEY
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron, U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roger Stanley Boles, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in aerial operations against an enemy fleet on 24 October 1944. As leader of the fighter cover and support of a strike, Lieutenant Boles flew through hazardous weather over enemy territory to an inland sea area of the Philippine Islands where he led his group in strafing attacks that enabled the bomber and torpedo aircraft that he was escorting to hit and severely damage a battleship and three cruisers. He strafed two battleships and a destroyer from a level of 100 feet, which were firing intense and accurate anti-aircraft, and perceptibly reduced the amount of fire and its accuracy, thus enabling the bombing and torpedo planes to complete their attack. His courage and leadership were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Com1ststCarTaskFor File P15, Serial 0765 (October 30, 1944)
Birth: 2/7/1917 - Santa Paula, CA
Home Town: Santa Paula, CA

BOLGER, JOSEPH FRANCIS
(First Award)
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Intrepid
Date of Action: August 29 - November 9, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Francis Bolger, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Intrepid, the Flagship of the task group, during sustained offensive operations against the enemy from 29 August to 9 November 1944. On 24, 25, and 26 October 1944, while this task group was in air striking distance of the main Japanese Battle Fleet and a large enemy carrier task force, Captain Bolger conducted operations on board his ship in such an outstanding and praiseworthy manner that enabled the full fighting strength of the ship and aircraft to be employed against the enemy forces. His courage and skill as demonstrated on 29 October 1944 when a Japanese plane made a suicide dive landing on the port gun gallery of his ship, was worthy of the highest praise. The efficient and prompt manner in which he immediately instituted measures to extinguish the fire caused by the crash and restore the ship to an immediate combat status was an inspiration to all personnel on board. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac File C2CTF/P15, serial 0356 (December 8, 1944)
Birth: 5/25/1898 - Adams, MA
Home Town: Coronado, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BOLSER, GORDON E.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Pilot, Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Gordon E. Bolser, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in line of his profession, extraordinary courage and disregard of his own life, during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Although contact with the enemy meant almost certain destruction and despite the lack of any armament in this type plane, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bolser voluntarily piloted a JRS amphibian plane, equipped only with Springfield rifles in search for and to obtain information of the enemy forces. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 7/21/1910 - Boston, MA
Home Town: Los Angeles, CA

BOMBERGER, GEORGE KREIDER
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 13 (VB-13), U.S.S. Franklin
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Kreider Bomberger, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against a large enemy task force while serving as pilot of a carrier-based scout bomber airplane in the Northeastern Philippine Area. On 25 October 1944, leading his section in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant Bomberger scored a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier which contributed to its sinking. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac. Letter C2CTF/P15, Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Birth: 4/8/1917 - Lebanon, PA
Home Town: Lebanon, PA

BONZAGNI, HENRY VINCENT, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron,
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry Vincent Bonzagni, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while leading a carrier-based fighter aircraft on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Bonzagni successfully led his division on two strike missions and in cooperation with bombing and torpedo planes inflicted heavy damage on major units of the enemy fleet. He personally strafed an aircraft carrier which was left in a burning and sinking condition. This was accomplished through intense anti-aircraft fire. Again the same day he led his division in a strafing and bombing attack against an enemy battleship. He led his fighters in extended strafing attacks on nearby enemy cruisers and destroyers which were greatly hindering our bomber and torpedo aircraft by their concentrated anti-aircraft barrage. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac File P15, Letter 07806 (October 30, 1944)
Birth: 5/1/1918 - Revere, MA
Home Town: Melrose, MA

BOOTH, CHARLES T., II
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 41 (VF-41), U.S.S. Ranger
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles T. Booth, II, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron Forty-One, attached to the U.S.S. Ranger, during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. Attacked by sixteen hostile fighters while raiding the Gazes airdrome, Lieutenant Commander Booth and his flight of eighteen planes shot nine of the interceptors out of the sky, damaged another, and destroyed fourteen aircraft on the ground. In addition to subsequent strafing raids which silenced enemy shore batteries near Port Lyautey and El Hank, he led a flight of eleven planes through a bursting hail of anti-aircraft fire to bombard two surfaced submarines and a light cruiser off Casablanca. Later, Lieutenant Commander Booth led four additional flights in successful attacks against hostile troops, planes in the air, and tank and truck columns. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 1/12/1910 - Penacook, NH
Home Town: Lynn, MA

BOREN, HOWARD GILMORE, JR.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 51 (VT-51), U.S.S. San Jacinto
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Howard Gilmore Boren, Jr., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy as pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane during the attacks by United States Naval Forces against a large Japanese Task Force of surface ships in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. During his final approach to launch his torpedo on an enemy carrier, Lieutenant (j.g.) Boren received a direct hit from intense enemy anti-aircraft fire which entirely removed his plane's port stabilizer and elevator and riddled its rudder and fin. This hit momentarily caused loss of control of his plane, but by unusual calmness and skill he regained control of his plane, made a 360 degree turn within the enemy screen and launched his attack on an enemy destroyer, obtaining a hit and severely damaging and probably sinking it. By continued good judgement, determiantion and great skill he successfully brought his plane back safely to base. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac Ltr C2CTB/P15, Serial 0540 (December 21, 1945)
Birth: 5/17/1921 - Youngstown, OH
Home Town: Hubbard, OH

BORLEY, CLARENCE ALVIN
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 15 (VF-15), U.S.S. Essex
Date of Action: October 12, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clarence Alvin Borley, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy in the vicinity of Formosa while serving as a pilot of a carrier based fighter airplane on 12 October 1944, assigned to a fighter sweep mission against enemy aircraft. Although greatly outnumbered by enemy aircraft, Ensign Borley, with great determination and skill, attacked and destroyed two enemy fighter airplanes and aided materially in the destruction of several others in aerial combat. He was later shot down by anti-aircraft fire during the same flight, while strafing anti-aircraft positions located near an airfield. Forced to land in the water, he was able to successfully evage capture by the enemy and he was later rescued by friendly forces. During this time in the water, while in his life jacket, he killed two of the enemy in a sampan who were attempting to capture him. His coolness, heroism, courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Untied States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Pac File P15, Serial 0113 (February 26, 1945)
Birth: 7/17/1924 - Williston, ND
Home Town: Yakima, WA

BORO, FRANK PETER
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron,
Date of Action: October 26, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank Peter Boro, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, 26 October 1944. As pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber, Lieutenant (j.g.) Boro scored a direct hit on a rapidly maneuvering Japanese battleship. This hit was definitely confirmed by photographs. The action successfully carried out in the face of accurate anti-aircraft barrage and heavy cloud cover, helped in removing a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Pac, File P15, Serial 0533 (September 11, 1945)

BORTZ, KILMER SCHMUCK
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 13 (VB-13), U.S.S. Franklin
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Kilmer Schmuck Bortz, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against a large enemy task force while serving as pilot of a carrier-based scout bomber airplane in the Sibuyan Sea. On 24 October 1944, leading his division in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Bortz scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship which caused serious damage. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac. Letter C2CTF/P15, Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Birth: 10/9/1919 - Akron, OH
Home Town: Washington, DC
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BOTHNE, ADOLPH M.
Boatswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Oklahoma
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Adolph M. Bothne, Boatswain, U.S. Navy, for distinguished devotion to duty, extraordinary courage, and utter disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Upon the U.S.S. Oklahoma capsizing within ten minutes after the attack began, Boatswain Bothne pulled himself into a motor launch of which he acted as coxswain. By skillful handling, he succeeded in picking up a boatload of survivors from the water and landed them at Ford Island. He then returned to the vicinity of the U.S.S. Oklahoma and rescued another boatload of survivors, all who remained in sight of that area, and landed them at Ford Island also. Thereafter throughout the remainder of the attack, despite severe bombing and strafing, he patrolled the battleship line in search of more survivors. Furthermore, subsequent to the attack, he assisted most efficiently in fighting fires and in the rescue of personnel trapped in the U.S.S. Oklahoma. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 4/18/1905 - Laporte, MN
Home Town: Laporte, MN

BOTTJER, GEORGE EVERETT
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 5 (VT-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4, 7, & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Everett Bottjer, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service in the line of his profession while piloting an airplane of a Torpedo Squadron in attacks against Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on May 4, 1942, and against an enemy aircraft carrier on May 7 and another on May 8, 1942 in the Coral Sea. These attacks, pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and on May 8 also opposed by enemy aircraft, resulted in the sinking of one enemy carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another carrier and at least eight other enemy vessels. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
CinC Pac Letter P15(1)/QB/(05), Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Birth: 5/22/1913 - Woodhaven, NY
Home Town: Coronado, CA

BOTTOMLEY, HAROLD S., JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 6 (VB-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 4 & 5, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold S. Bottomley, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of a Bombing Squadron. Lieutenant Bottomley took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His courage and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the finest traditions of the naval service.
Birth: 10/13/1915 - Merchantville, NJ
Home Town: Merchantville, NJ

BOTTS, DOUGLAS
Shipfitter First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 15, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Douglas Botts, Shipfitter First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession. While a raging fire was in progress, Shipfitter First Class Botts proceeded to and threw overboard hot unexploded shells and unburned powder charges, thereby preventing the explosion of this ammunition and consequent damage to the ship. He continued to combat the fire and search for other ammunition. His exceptional courage and determined actions removed a serious threat of damage to the ship and aided materially in bringing the fire under control. His conduct on this occasion was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Letter 09-mp P15(1), Serial 3954 (October 30, 1942)
Birth: 9/24/1920 - Medford, MA
Home Town: Roxbury, MA

BOULWARE, JOE WOOD
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commander, Attack Section Three, Destroyer Squadron 56
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joe Wood Boulware, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commander of Attack Section Three of Destroyer Squadron Fifty-Six in action against enemy forces in the Battle of Surigao Strait on October 25, 1944. Leading his section through intense and prolonged enemy gunfire in a night torpedo attack against the flank of an advancing column of hostile battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Captain (then Commander) Boulwware placed the section in a tactically advantageous position to deliver a well executed attack and retired without damage to his units. By his leadership and courage, he contributed to the decisive defeat of the enemy force and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 5/27/1905 - Perry, MO
Home Town: Beverly Hills, CA

BOURDON, THOMAS EARL
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 81 (VF-81), U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action: February 17, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas Earl Bourdon, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane in an attack against a major unit of the enemy fleet in the Tokyo Bay Area on 17 February 1945. In the face of intenst anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bourdon skillfully and courageously conducted his aircraft in a fighter-bomber attack against an enemy aircraft carrier, scoring three rocket hits which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Pac Fil P15, Serial 0218 (March 20, 1945)
Birth: 9/12/1921 - Hastings, MI
Home Town: Muskegon, MI

BOURGEOIS, WILLIAM ARISTHIDE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 17 (VB-17),
Date of Action: March 19, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Aristhide Bourgeois, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while flying as pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber plane on 19 March 1945. Participating in an attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet in Kure Bay, Japan, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bourgeois dove through extremely intense anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit on an enemy battleship. Recovering from his dive at less than 1,500 feet, he strafed enemy small craft and shore installations while making his retirement. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTasFor, Pac. File P15, Serial 0510 (May 4, 1945)
Birth: 9/21/1923 - Goodhope, LA
Home Town: Goodhope, LA

BOWEN, GEORGE HALDANE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 16 (VB-16), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Haldane Bowen, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while acting as a pilot in a carrier-based bomer aircraft assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant (j.g.) Bowen pressed a dive bombing attack on an enemy aircraft carrier and obtained a direct bomb hit in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous anti-aircraft fire that appreciably contributed to the sinking of same. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac Letter P15, Serial 0766 (October 30, 1944)
Birth: 5/25/1919 - Arlington, VA
Home Town: New York, NY

BOWEN, JOHN RANDOLPH, II
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Bombing Squadron,
Date of Action: July 28, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Randolph Bowen, II, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action while participating in an aerial flight as pilot of a United States Navy Torpedo Bomber plane on 28 July 1945, in a bombing strike against enemy warships and installations in and about the Kure Haval Base, Honshu, Japan. As flight leader Lieutenant Bowen pressed his attack with coolness and disregard of extreme personal danger. The attack was carried to a low level despite heavy, intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from heavily armed units of the enemy fleet and gun installations about the harbor, which resulted in three direct hits and three near misses on a Japanese Cruiser. He personally scored two direct hits and two near misses on the said cruiser, resulting in severe damage to same. His initiative, leadership, courage, and disregard for personal safety and determination to inflict damage upon the enemy in the execution of this mission were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac. File C2CTF/P15/869, Serial 01954 (September 26, 1945)

BOWEN, PAUL LEROY
Chief Boatswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cabot
Date of Action: November 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Paul Leroy Bowen, Chief Boatswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as flight deck boatswain aboard an aircraft carrier on 25 November 1944, off the coast of the Philippine Islands. Chief Boatswain Bowen remained on his post under intense strafing attacks by enemy aircraft. After a violent explosion occurred near him he organized fire- fighting parties and personally led them in the extinguishing of fires in a bomb-ladened torpedo plane. Although injured by shrapnel, he heroically continued under further attack to direct fire fighting on the flight deck with disregard for his own personal safety. His inspiring leadership was instrumental in restoring the flight deck to operational status. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTasFor, Pac. File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0891 (January 12, 1945)
Birth: 7/22/1910 - Oto, IA
Home Town: Lynn, MA

BOWERS, JOHN MICHAEL
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Pogy
Date of Action: July 2 - August 21, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Michael Bowers, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action in the performance of his duties as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Pogy during a war patrol of that vessel. Aggressively attacking the enemy at every opportunity, the Commanding Officer delivered a series of torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking and damaging of over 22,000 tons of enemy shipping. He skillfully evaded all enemy countermeasures and brought his ship back to port safely. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComSubForPacFlt File FF12-10(A)/P15, Serial 02525 (October 23, 1945)

*BOWNIK, ARTHUR DONALD
Hospital Apprentice Second Class, U.S. Navy R
Corpsman, 1st Battalion (Attached), 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division, FMF
Date of Action: May 12, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur Donald Bownik, Hospital Apprentice Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as a corpsman with the infantry battalion on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 12 May 1945. When the company to which Hospital Apprentice Second Class Bownik was attached was pinned down by extremely heavy enemy fire, he initiated an effort that saved two wounded comrades' lives. Moving fearlessly to the exposed position in front of the lines where the two wounded men lay, HA2c Bownik heroically went to their rescue. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, he administered first aid while under intense enemy rifle fire. Although seriously wounded himself, he remained with the wounded men until they were able to be evacuated. His bravery and devotion to duty were instrumental in saving the lives of his comrades, and his actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
CinCPac Serial 032564 (July 28, 1945)
Home Town: Minneapolis, MN

BOYCE, THOMAS EWINGS
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron, U.S.S. Hancock
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas Ewings Boyce, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in opeations against the enemy as pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Boyce flew in a glide bombing attack on a strong formation of the Japanese Fleet in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands in the Second Battle of the Philippines. He scored two damaging hits on a battleship at the center of the fleet formation by the exercise of fearless and skillful airmanship, in spite of the withering concentration of anti-aircraft fire through which he had to attack, and the evasive maneuvering of the battleship. His display of dauntless offensive spirit and courage were in a large measure responsible for the success of the attacks and were at all times in keeping with the highest tradition of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac Letter C2CTF/P15, Serial 01060 (January 22, 1945)
Birth: 5/19/1920 - Morrisdale, PA
Home Town: Philipsburg, PA

*BOYD, DONNAS HANK
Coxswain, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Sonoma
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Donnas Hank Boyd, Coxswain, U.S. Navy, for outstanding bravery and great devotion to duty in remaining within a gasoline fire to release two men trapped inside a burning compartment of the U.S.S. Sonoma prior to its loss on 24 October 1944. Though covered with burning gasoline, and with complete disregard for his own safety, Coxswain Donnas Hank Boyd courageously delayed in escape and exerted great presence of mind in remaining amidst the firest engulfing the midship section of the Sonoma to free two radiomen trapped inside the burning radio room, the door of which had been jammed by the several explosions that eventually caused the loss of the ship. Though suffering from extentive burns at the outset, his continued voluntary exposure augmented the seriousness of his injuries to a degree directly attributable to his death. The courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty displayed by Coxswain Boyd reflect great credit to the Naval Service.
CO, Ex-U.S.S. Sonoma File Pers 8249-MS (December 19, 1944)
Birth: 9/17/1917 - Cherokee, GA
Home Town: Marblehill, GA

BOYD, EUGENE LOVELL
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Genesee
Date of Action: December 7, 1941 - February 25, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Eugene Lovell Boyd, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in combat with the enemy during the period December 7, 1941 to February 25, 1942, as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Genesee. While exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by enemy Japanese air forces, Ensign Boyd directed the anti-aircraft batteries of his ship and conducted operations of strategic importance involving hazardous missions such as to bring great credit to his command the the U.S. Naval Service.
Comdt. 16 N.D. Desp. 281200 NCR 7859 (April 29, 1942)
Birth: 2/15/1904 - Brookhaven, MS
Home Town: Clinton, IL

BOYD, HERSCHEL FAYNE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Commander, Patrol Boat 363 (PT-363)
Date of Action: September 16, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Herschel Fayne Boyd, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy. On 16 September 1944, Lieutenant (j.g.) Boyd volunteered to take his motor torpedo boat, in company with another, to assist in the rescue of a Navy fighter pilot shot down in Wasile Bay, Halmahera Island, In the Netherlands East Indies. A long, narrow approach closely guarded by enemy guns, reportedly mined, added to the danger. After attempts to rescue the airplane had been turned back by anti-aircraft fire, on the third attempt these boats succeeded in gaining entrance and located the pilot. The boats were under intense fire for two and one-half hours. Lieutenant (j.g.) Boyd's actions contributed to the success of one of the most dangerous and thrilling rescues in the Southwest Pacific Area. His conduct was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/hek), Serial 03533 (December 24, 1944)

BOYD, PAUL W.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 87 (VT-87),
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Paul W. Boyd, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomber in an attack against an enemy battleship in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Faced with great opposition from enemy shore and ship-based anti-aircraft batteries, Lieutenant (j.g.) Boyd skillfully piloted his plane through intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, and with determination and courage pressed home a bombing attack on the enemy battleship and scored a direct hit which contributed heavily to the final sinking of that ship. His courage and determination were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/hek) Serial 03533 (December 24, 1944)

BOYER, RANDOLPH BURTON
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Morris
Date of Action: October 26, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Randolph Burton Boyer, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Morris, during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces off the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. After enemy bombs and torpedoes had seriously damaged the task force carrier resulting in raging fires and a dangerous list on that vessel, Lieutenant Commander Boyer skillfully brought his ship alongside in a most seamanlike manner to assist in fighting fires on board with every means at his command. Although driven away by further enemy air attacks, he repeatedly returned to the side of the stricken carrier to continue rendering effective assistance. Later he maneuvered in the vicinity of the ship to evacuate and rescue survivors. His gallantry and intrepidity in action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
ComSoPac File P15/(02), Serial 0029 (January 7, 1943)
Birth: 8/31/1903 - Audubon, MN
Home Town: Portsmouth, VA

BOYERS, FRANCIS D.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron,
Date of Action: July 28, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Francis D. Boyers, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomber in the attack of 28 July 1945, made by planes of the Second Carrier Task Force on enemy battleships, cruisers, and destroyers at Kure, Japan. Lieutenant (j.g.) Boyers pressed his attack home in spite of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from heavy combat ships and shore batteries and, releasing his bombs at low altitude, scored two direct hits with five-hundred-pound bombs on the battleship Haruna, inflicting material damage. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor Pac File C2CTF/P15/949, Serial 02060 (October 11, 1945)

BOYLE, FRANCIS D.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Charr
Date of Action: March 27 - May 21, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Francis D. Boyle, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Charr during her 2nd War Patrol, from 27 March to 21 May, 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. His able leaeship of a coordinated group of submarines resulted in a very successful attack on an enemy task force after an arduous three-day chase. After one of the submarines under his command had obtained a hit on an enemy cruiser, Commander Boyle took his submarine in to close range and destroyed the enemy vessel. He then effected an escape despite a severe enemy depth charge attack. On another occasion he destroyed an enemy freighter in a surface engagement. His aggressiveness and conduct throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFltPac File P15(F-6-2/jvg), Serial 04255 (July 23, 1945)

BRADBURY, EVERETT VERNON
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 87 (VT-87),
Date of Action: July 28, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Everett Vernon Bradbury, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as the pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomber in an attack on an enemy heavy cruiser in the Inland Sea of Japan on 28 July 1945. Opposed by intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from ships and shore batteries, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bradbury fearlessly and aggressively pressed home a successful glide-bombing attack, scoring a direct hit on the enemy cruiser which was subsequently beached to prevent sinking. His cool skill and bravery in executing this attack in the face of heavy opposition were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15/841, Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)

BRADDY, ROBERT EDWARD, JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Bernadou
Date of Action: November 8, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Edward Braddy, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courage as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Bernadou in leading the assault against hostile forces during the occupation of the harbor of Safi, French Morocco, November 8, 1943. In a remarkable demonstration of seamanship and resourcefulness, Lieutenant Commander Braddy navigated the Bernadou by a difficult and hazardous approach through unknown waters into the crowded harbor where she was beached to allow the immediate landing of troops. This exceptional feat was accomplished in almost total darkness while the ship was under the crossfire of three enemy coast defense batteries and several machine guns mounted on the harbor jetties without loss of embarked personnel and with only slight damage to the ship's hull.
Birth: 11/17/1903 - Bristol, FL
Home Town: Dublin, GA

BRADLEY, JOHN HENRY
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
Corpsman, 28th Marines (Attached), 5th Marine Division
Date of Action: February 21, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Henry Bradley, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy at Iwo Jima on Feb. 21, 1945 as a hospital corpsman attached to a Marine Rifle platoon. During a furious assault by his company upon a strongly defended enemy zone at the base of Mt. Suribachi, Bradley observed a Marine infantryman fall wounded in an open area under a pounding barrage by mortars, interlaced with a merciless crossfire from Machine guns. With complete disregard for his own safety, he ran through the intense fire to the side of the fallen Marine, examined his wounds and ascertained that an immediate administration of plasma was necessary to save the man's life. Unwilling to subject any of his comrades to the danger to which he had so valiantly exposed himself, he signaled would-be assistants to remain where they were. Placing himself in a position to shield the wounded man, he tied a plasma unit to a rifle planted upright in the sand and continued his life saving mission. The Marine's wounds bandaged and the condition of shock relieved by plasma, Bradley pulled the man thirty yards through intense enemy fire to a position of safety. His indomitable spirit, dauntless initiative, and heroic devotion to duty were an inspiration to those with who he served and were in keeping with the highest tradition of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/10/1923 - Antigo, WI
Home Town: Appleton, WI

BRADLEY, PHILLIPS HASKELL
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 20 (VT-20), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Phillips Haskell Bradley, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron 20, attached to the U.S.S. Enterprise, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade Bradley pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy carrier to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac File P15, Serial 033 (January 20, 1945)
Home Town: Rockport, MA

*BRADLEY, ROBERT GRAHAM
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Princeton
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Graham Bradley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy near the Philippine Islands while serving on an aircraft carrier on 24 October 1944. After his ship was hit with a bomb from an enemy aicraft, Lieutenant Bradley led efforts to control the resulting fires and explosions until conditions became unbearable and personnel on the after part of the ship were ordered to leave. He supervised the safe departure of his men, and he was among the last to leave, and after being rescued by a destroyer, returned to the ship and continued to fight fires and control explosions. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.
CinC Pac Serial 01453 (November 17, 1944)
Birth: 9/26/1921 - Washington, DC
Home Town: Arlington, VA

*BRADLEY, THOMAS WALTER
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
1st Battalion, 27th Marines, 5th Marine Division
Date of Action: March 4, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas Walter Bradley, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the Japanese on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 4 March 1945. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Bradley, with complete disregard for his own personal safety, moved forward of the front line in the face of a deadly barrage of mortar, artillery and machine gun fire in order to administer first aid to several wounded men. Finding one man seriously wounded and needing immediate medical attention, and knowing that it would be impossible for litter bearers to get through to the man, he carried the man to a defiladed area. Ignoring the please of several members of his company not to return to the front lines, he then returned to the same area and began rendering first aid to other wounded. By this time the enemy had successfully outflanked his position and he was subjected to an even heavier and more intense fire. By using hand grenades he helped the wounded until he himself became a casualty. By his courageous action Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Bradley saved the lives of several men who would have been lost from lack of medical treatment. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 34921 (April 24, 1945)
Home Town: Sparta, TN

BRADY, JULIAN H
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron, U.S.S. Hancock
Date of Action: October 26, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Julian H Brady, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy in the Second Battle of the Philippines on 26 October 1944. As pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane in a torpedo attack, Lieutenant (j.g.) Brady scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 11/11/1923 - McComb, MS
Home Town: McComb, MS

BRADY, WALLACE ANTHONY
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
LCI (G) 450, LCI(G) Group 8
Date of Action: February 17, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Wallace Anthony Brady, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the LCI(G) 450, attached to LCI(G) Group Eight, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on February 17, 1945. Determined to smash Japanese defenses, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brady fearlessly closed range to less than one thousand yards despite several large caliber hits from hostile shore batteries which started a serious fire, exploded ready ammunition aboard the 450 and wounded several of the crew. Firing a full rocket salvo well on the beach under terrific enemy fire, he resolutely remained on station and, directing a continuous barrage from his 40-mm and 20-mm batteries, effectively maintained a relentless bombardment of the strongly fortified Japanese positions until recurring fires and explosions aboard his gallantly fighting ship forced his withdrawal from the field of combat. By his great personal valor, indomitable fighting spirit and tenacious perseverance in the face of fanatic opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brady contributed materially to the success of this extremely hazardous mission and his aggressive leadership throughout the bitter engagement upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Elroy, WI

BRANDEL, STUART L.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Naval Gunfire Liaison Officer, 16th Regimental Combat Team (Attached),
Date of Action: June 6, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Stuart L. Brandel, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Naval Gunfire Liaison Officer attached to the Sixteenth Regimental Combat Team during the assault on the coast of Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944. With his assault boat twice driven off by the enemy while attempting to land with the second wave and half his gallant party killed or wounded, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant, Junior Grade,) Brandel quickly grasped the situation and, setting up his radio and establishing communication with a supporting cruiser, skillfully fired several highly effective missions at this critical juncture. Finding his forward observer seriously wounded immediately after gaining the shore, he coolly took over that duty in addition to his own and rapidly reorganized his unit. Although under intense enemy gunfire, he valiantly continued to call for and adjust his devastating supporting fire against hostile positions. His superb performance of duty and inspiring leadership aided materially in the advance of our forces in this vital area and reflected the highest credit upon Lieutenant Brandel and the United States Naval Service.
ComNavEu File P15-9, Serial 7511 (September 6, 1944)
Birth: 7/5/1919 - Los Angeles, CA
Home Town: Los Angeles, CA

BRANDON, LEROY
Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy R
Corpsman, LST-181 (Attached)
Date of Action: October 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to LeRoy Brandon, Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in military operations against the enemy at Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 20 October 1944. When his ship received eleven direct hits from enemy artillery, igniting two trucks loades with ammunition, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Brandon left his statin and proceeded to the vicinity of the fire in an endeavor to reach the wounded, thereby exposing himself to bursting ammunition and hand grenades. While carrying one of the casualties away from the fire, he was severely wounded, but in spite of his injury continued to carry the casualty to the dressing station until he collapsed from loss of blood. His courage and devotion to duty were outstanding and in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Comdr. 7th Fleet, File P15 (F-6-2/wmh), Serial 0122 (January 6, 1945)
Birth: 9/22/1910 - Merrick, OK
Home Town: Durant, OK

*BRANNON, CHARLES E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4 & 5, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles E. Brannon, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and meritorious devotion to duty as a pilot of a Navy torpedo plane in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of Midway, June 4 and 5, 1942. In the first attack against an enemy carrier of the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Brannon pressed home his attack in the face of withering fire from enemy Japanese fighters and anti-aircraft forces. Because of events attendant upon the Battle of Midway, there can be no doubt that he gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. His courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 8/2/1919 - Montgomery, AL
Home Town: Montgomery, AL

BRANYON, HOWARD H.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Patrol Ship YP-239
Date of Action: September 1 - November 2, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Howard H. Branyon, Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy in the waters between Tulagi and Guadalcanal Islands, British Solomon Islands, during the period from Sept. 1, 1942, to Nov. 2, 1942. Chief Boatswain Branyon was in command of a small auxiliary naval craft used in transporting essential men and supplies. His craft averaged at least one trip a day, many of the trips having been made under heavy enemy fire, and at night, under the most trying circumstances. In spite of the obstacles and great danger present, Chief Boatswain Branyon carried out his missions with extreme courage and skill, setting an example to his command. His unflinching leadership resulted in an uninterrupted flow of reinforcements and supplies without which the ground troops would have been greatly hampered.
Birth: 5/13/1900 - Honey Path, SC
Home Town: Spartansburg, SC

BRASSFIELD, ARTHUR JAMES
(First Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron, U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 5 - 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur James Brassfield, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while a pilot of an airplane of a Fighting Squadron in action against Japanese forces during the period May 5 - 8, 1942. On May 5, while on combat air patrol, Lieutenant (j.g.) Brassfield intercepted and aggressively attacked an enemy 4-engine patrol bomber, assisting in its rapid destruction. On May 7, as part of the figher escort for our scout bombers in an attack on an enemy carrier, he provided protection against enemy aircraft throughout the delivery of the attack which resulted in the sinking of the enemy vessel. On May 8, while on combat air patrol, he, in company with his wingman, aggressively attacked a formation of enemy fighters which were harrassing his own forces. By his skillful and courageous action he succeeded in dispersing the formation and in destroying one of the enemy aircraft. He then braved strong enemy fighter protection in order to attack and destroy an enemy dive bomber which was attacking our surface forces. Slightly wounded and his plane badly damaged, he nevertheless succeeded in making a safe landing on the carrier after the attacking force had been driven off. In these engagements he displayed skill, leadership, aggressiveness and complete disregard of his own safety in order that he might carry out his assigned missions.
CinC Pac Ltr P15/QB/(05), Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Birth: 9/21/1910 - Browning, MO
Home Town: Browning, MO
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BREGA, GIOVANNI F.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 87 (VT-87),
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Giovanni F. Brega, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as the pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane on a strike against an enemy battleship in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Although opposed by intense and accurate, heavy anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and adjacent shore batteries during his attack, Ensign Brega skillfully and courgeously piloted his aircraft in a coordinated bombing attack on the battleshp, scoring a direct hit with his bombs which contributed gratly to the ultimate sinking of that vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15/841, Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)

BREHM, HAROLD PAUL
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 87 (VB-87), U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold Paul Brehm, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a Pilot of a Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron Eighty Seven, attached to the U.S.S. Ticonderota, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kure, Japan, on July 24, 1945. Braving heavy enemy antiaircraft fire from the ship and shore batteries before, during and after the attack, Lieutenant Brehm skillfully pressed home his bombing run against the enemy battleship-aircraft carrier HYUGA, scoring a direct hit with a 1000-pound bomb and contributing materially to the sinking of the hostile vessel. His airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

BRESLOVE, JOSEPH, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron, U.S.S. Essex
Date of Action: July 18, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Breslove, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations gainst the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber plane in a carrier strike against major units of the Japanese Fleet at Yokosuka in Tokyo Bay on 18 July 1945. Lieutenant Breslove dkillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a dive bombing attack on an enemy battleship. During this action, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, he scored a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to the damage of the vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac, Serial 01702 (September 3, 1945)

BRETT, JAMES HENRY, JR.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 2 (VT-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Henry Brett, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron Two, when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy controlled waters, he led his squadron 125 miles over uncharted mountains and jungles, to press home a successful attack in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire against enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCPac File P15(1)(05), Serial 6 (April 13, 1942)
Birth: 10/1/1905 - Cedartown, GA
Home Town: Statesboro, GA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BRICE, ROBERT GREENLEAF
(Second Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 15 (VB-15), U.S.S. Essex
Date of Action: November 5, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Greenleaf Brice, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary achievement as pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber in an attack on 5 November 1944, against enemy shipping in Manila Bay in the Island of Luzon of the Philippine Group. On this occasion, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant (j.g.) Brice courageously pressed an attack upon an enemy heavy cruiser of the Nachi Class. He made a direct hit upon this target which together with other hits in subseuent attacks led to the sinking of the vessel.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac Ltr C2CTF/P15, Serial 0682 (December 30, 1944)
Birth: 4/9/1920 - Chicago, IL
Home Town: Chicago, IL
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

BRIDGERS, JOHN DAVID
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron, U.S.S. Essex
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John David Bridgers, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against major enemy surface forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands as pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber on 25 October 1944. In command of fourteen airplanes Lieutenant Bridgers initiated the strike upon the enemy disposition and coordinated his dives perfectly with other attacking aircraft. In the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from the entire enemy formation, he obtained a direct hit upon a carrier fot he Chitose class. As leader of the dive bomber group, he so effectively disposed his aircraft that the resulting successive hits upon this ship caused it almost immediate sinking. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0485 (February 7, 1945)
Birth: 7/4/1920 - Kinston, NC
Home Town: Greenville, NC

BRIDGES, ROBERT ARTHUR
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: June 6, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Arthur Bridges, Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and outstanding devotion to duty in action against the enemy during the assault phase of the invasion of France on June 6, 1944. Boatswain's Mate First Class Bridges, with disregard for his own safety, worked tirelessly in an effort to unload vehicles and personnel from a United States Landing Craft Tank, exposing himself in so doing to heavy machine gun and artillery fire. He further displayed heroism when, after assisting in the evacuation of the wounded from his own ship, he boarded another Landing Craft Tank and manned a twenty-millimeter gun to engage an enemy machine-gun nest, enabling soldiers to move forward on the beach without opposition from this emplacement. The outstanding courage and initiative displayed by Boatswain's Mate First Class Bridges on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComNavEu P15-25, Serial 7517 (September 6, 1944)
Birth: 7/15/1919 - White Bluff, WA
Home Town: Wilmington, CA

*BRIGHT, MARK K.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 5 (VF-5), U.S.S. Saratoga
Date of Action: August 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Mark K. Bright, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Wingman, Fifth Division, Fighting Squadron Five, during the Guadalcanal-Tulagi action on August 7, 1942. Upon sighting an enemy force of eleven dive bombers about to enter upon a diving attack against transports and other surface vessels, Lieutenant (j.g.) Bright played an important role in an attack upon them which resulted in the destruction of nine of them, thereby breaking up the enemy attack and preventing the enemy from registering any hits upon their targets. He personally shot down two of the enemy bombers, one of them while in its dive before its bombs had been released. He also assisted in destroying two other planes which crashed under the combined fire of his guns and those of other friendly pilots. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 28 (1943)
Birth: 2/8/1919 - Lodi, CA
Home Town: Anderson, IN

BRINGLE, WILLIAM F.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Observation Fighting Squadron 1 (VOF-1), U.S.S. Tulagi
Date of Action: August 20 & 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William F. Bringle, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer Of Observation Fighting Squadron One, in action against enemy forces during the Allied invasion of southern France in August 1944. He lead his flight of eight planes against a hostile motorized concentration on August 20, Commander (then Lieutenant Commander) Bringle skillfully maneuvered his group for maximum striking power and, pressing home his attacks with skill in the face of powerful anti-aircraft fire, contributed materially to the infliction of damage and destruction on seventy-five enemy motor vehicles. Leading a second strike against six heavily armed enemy trawlers in the Marseilles Area later the same day, he struck repeatedly at his target to assist in the beaching of four and the crippling of two additional enemy vessels. Fearlessly exposing himself to enemy antiaircraft fire which damaged his plane and forced him to land in the water on August 25, Commander Bringle continued to relay vital information to our forces regarding the fall of shot in the vicinity of three important hostile coastal batteries and, by his courageous efforts in the face of grave personal danger, contribed directly to the subsequent neutralization of these enemy emplacements. By his airmanship, initiative and devotion to duty throughout, Commander Bringle upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/23/1913 - Covington, TN
Home Town: Memphis, TN

BRISCOE, ROBERT PEARCE
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Denver
Date of Action: October 30 - November 2, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Pearce Briscoe, Captain, U.S. Navy, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action, as Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Denver, during a 36-hour period from midnight 30 October 1943 to noon 2 November 1943. During this eriod Task Force 39 of which the U.S.S. Denver was a unit, conducted the first daylight bombardment of the Shortland-Faisi-Ballale Area while subjected to heavy enemy shore battery fire and bombing attacks. The Task Force of which the U.S.S. Denver was a member, further, decisively defeated in night action, a heavier gunned enemy surface force composed of at least 4 cruisers, of which two were 8-inch cruisers, and 8 destroyers of which at least 1 cruiser and 4 destroyers were sunk and the ramainder put to ignominous flight towards their bases with 2 cruisers and 2 destroyers heavily damaged and under hot pursuit by our forces. This defeat prevented the Japanese Task Force from bombarding our beachhead at Empress Augusta Bay, and destroying our transport and minelaying groups and thereby materially contributed to the successful establishment of our land and air forces in the Bougainville Island. The Task Force successfully fought off a heavy air attack by at least 67 Japanese dive and medium bombers with the destruction of at least 17 Japanese planes by shi's anti-aircraft gunfire. During these actions the U.S.S. Denver received only negligible damage while inflicting severe damage and casualties to the enemy. By his fearlessness, calmness, and gallant determination on the exposed bridge of his ship Captain Briscoe set an example of conduct under stress of battle that was an inspiration. His relentless fighting spirit and devotion to duty, maintained at great risk in the face of grave personal danger was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinCPac Serial 01533 (February 7, 1945)
Birth: 2/19/1897 - Centreville, MS
Home Town: Liberty, MS

BRISTOW, JESSE M.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 17 (VB-17),
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jesse M. Bristow, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while flying as pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber in an attack on an enemy task force comprised of a battleship, cruisers and destroyers in the East China Sea on 7 April 1945. Lieutenant (j.g.) Bristow dove on the battleship through extremely intense anti-aircraft fire, and scored a direct hit with his bomb, contributing materially to the sinking of the vessel as a result of the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Pac File P15, Serial 0510 (May 4, 1945)
Birth: 8/16/1917 - St. Louis, MO
Home Town: University City, MO

BROACH, JOHN C.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Hake
Date of Action: December 27, 1943 - February 21, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John C. Broach, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and intrepidity in military action against an armed enemy. Commander Broach, during the period 27 December 1943 to 21 February 1944, while Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Hake, courageously and skillfully maneuvered his vessel into position from which to strike the enemy and aggressively attacked in the face of heavy and pesistent enemy counter measures, sinking three enemy vessels totalling 16,472 tons and damaging an additional three vessels totalling 18,000 tons. Further, he sank one sampan and sloop by gunfire. He handled his ship expertly to avoid damage from enemy countermeasures and brought her safely to port without injury to ship or crew. His actions and conduct were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt Letter P15(F-6-2/hek), Serial 01052 (May 7, 1944)
Birth: 7/29/1904 - New Orleans, LA
Home Town: Mobile, AL

BROACH, LEO DENSEL
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 13 (VB-13), U.S.S. Franklin
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Leo Densel Broach, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against a large enemy task force while serving as pilot of a carrier-based scout bomber airplane in the eastern Philippine Area. On 25 October 1944, in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant (j.g.) Broach scored a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier which contributed to its sinking. His courage and skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac Ltr C2CTF/P15, Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Birth: 11/24/1922 - Schlater, MS
Home Town: Webb, MS

*BROCK, JOHN WILEY
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 6 (VT-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Wiley Brock, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as pilot of VT-6 in the battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Ensign Brock pressed home his attack against the Japanese invasion fleet with such boldness, determination and utter disregard of personal safety that he contributed in immeasurable degree to the magnificent victory of our forces. The conditions under which the pilots of his squadron attacked were such that it is highly improbable that the occasion will ever arise where other pilots of the service will be called on to demonstrate an equal degree of courage. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the finest traditions of the naval service.
CinC Pac Letter P15(2)/(05), Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Birth: 8/15/1914 - New Brockton, AL
Home Town: Montgomery, AL

BROCK, ROBERT LEE
Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
Patrol Wing 10, U.S.S. Heron
Date of Action: December 31, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Lee Brock, Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extreme disregard of personal safety in returning to his action station while bombs were falling near the ship and after the force of a bomb explosion had thrown him from the after machine gun platform to the main deck below. During protacted air attackes delivered against the U.S.S. Heron on 31 December 1941, the ship being attacked by an overwhelming number of enemy aircraft of various types using bombs and torpedoes, Machinist's Mate Second Class Brock discharged his duties as After .50 Caliber Machine Gun Captain in a most efficient and commendable manner. Such action contributed not only to the survival of the ship but also to the fact that effective losses were sustained by the enemy aircraft. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
CinC Asiatic Fleet PF6/MM/P15 (January 23, 1942)
Birth: 12/23/1917 - DuQuoin, IL
Home Town: DuQuoin, IL

BROCKMAN, WILLIAM H., JR.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Nautilus
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William H. Brockman, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Nautilus in the Battle of Midway. On 4 June 1942, Lieutenant Commander Brockman aggressively developed a contact with major enemy forces and doggedly pushed home a torpedo attack on a screened aircraft carrier against determined and repeated enemy counter measures by gunfire barrage, depth charging and bombing from the air. The attack culminated successfully and Lieutenant Commander Brockman is credited with closing and sinking of a 10,000 ton enemy aircraft carrier. His skill, determination, courage and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinCPac File P15(1)/(05), Serial 3277 (August 16, 1942)
Birth: 11/18/1904 - Baltimore, MD
Home Town: Groton, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BRODHEAD, JOHN, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron,
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Brodhead, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against major enemy surface forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands as pilot of a carrier based dive bomber on 25 October 1944. Leading fourteen planes, Lieutenant Brodhead pressed home a determined attack in the face of extremely intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire on an enemy battleship of the ISE class, personally scoring a direct hit. Coordinating with other type planes, he maneuvered his group into excellent position for attack, which resulted in several other damaging hits on the target. His courage and skill wee at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0485 (December 19, 1944)
Birth: 12/6/1917 - Springfield, IL
Home Town: St. Louis, MO

BRODIE, ROBERT J., JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Dallas
Date of Action: November 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert J. Brodie, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courage as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Dallas in action against hostile forces during the occupation of Port Lyautey, French Morocco, November 10, 1942. In a remarkable demonstration of seamanship and resourcefulness, Lieutenant Commander Brodie, proceeding with a detachment of raider troops across a treacherous bar through heavy surf, entered the shallow Sebou River and by breaking a steel cable boom with the bow of his ship, forced his way, often literally ploughing through mud, ten miles up the river where he landed the raider troops at Port Lyautey airfield.
Birth: 12/2/1904 - Owensboro, KY
Home Town: Owensboro, KY

*BRODY, ALLEN
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron,
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Allen Brody, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while participating in an aerial torpedo attack against a Japanese task force on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Sea. Ensign Brody pressed home his attack in the face of intense and heavy anti-aircraft fire from the battleships and escorting cruisers and destroyers. He scored a direct hit on a Japanese battleship inflicting thereby material damage to a major fleet unit. This attack was made in conjunction with six other torpedo planes without benefit of diversionary bombing or strafing by our forces. His conduct, achievement, and disregard of personal safety was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0603 (December 23, 1945)
Birth: 2/28/1921 - Brooklyn, NY
Home Town: Jamaica, NY

BRONN, CLYDE LEROY
(First Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron, U.S.S. Randolph
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clyde Leroy Bronn, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a pilot of a carrier-based torpedo plane in the vicinity of the marianas Islands on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant (j.g.) Bronn flew in an attack to the limit of endurance against the enemy main fleet where he pressed home his attack through most intense anti-aircraft fire and fighter plane opposition, personally scoring three direct bomb hits immediately forward of the starboard beam on a large enemy aircraft carrier which eventually sank. Upon completion of this most sucessful attack he returned to his Task Group under most hazardous conditions and was obliged to make a night water landing. His mission was accomplished without loss of any personnel. His courage and skill above and beyond the call of duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
ComFastCarTaskFor, Pac Letter P15, Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Birth: 12/7/1921 - Roca, NE
Home Town: Long Beach, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*BROOKE, GEORGE MAGRUDER
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Luzon
Date of Action:
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Magruder Brooke, Commander, U.S. Navy, for heroism in combat with the enemy during the period December 7 to December 22, 1941 and December 30, 1941 to April 28, 1942, as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Luzon. While exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by enemy Japanese air forces, Commander Brooke directed the anti-aircraft batteries of his ship and conducted operations of strategic important involving hazardous missions such as to bring great credit to his command and the U.S. Naval Service.
Com. 16, ND Desp 281200-NCR-7859 (April 29, 1942)
Birth: 3/15/1898 - Spokane, WA
Home Town: Spokane, WA

BROOKES, CHARLES S.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 16 (VT-16), U.S.S. Randolph
Date of Action: July 24, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles S. Brookes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as Pilot of a Torpedo Bomber in Torpedo Squadron Sixteen, attached to the U.S.S. Randolph, during action against major units of the Japanese Fleet at the Kure Naval Base in the Inland Sea of Japan the morning of July 24, 1945. Gallantly leading his fourteen-plane flight in over the target area in bold defiance of a withering hail of antiaircraft fire set up from powerful guns on shore and ships in the harbor, Lieutenant Brookes skillfully maneuvered for maximum striking power and, diving relentlessly through the shattering barrage, released his bomb load at perilously low altitude to score a direct hit and two near misses on a Japanese battleship carrier. By his superb airmanship, aggressive determination and indomitable spirit, maintained in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Brookes contributed materially to the sinking of a vital hostile Fleet unit and to the success of our aerial offensive against the Japanese homeland. His valiant devotion to duty throughout the fierce action reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

*BROOKS, BRADFORD MAITLAND
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R
Patrol Bombing Squadron 117 (VPB-117),
Date of Action: December 10, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Bradford Maitland Brooks, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in military operations against an armed enemy. Lieutenant Commander Brooks on 10 December 1944, as Patrol Plane Commander of a Navy Search Liberator, with fearless determination pressed home the war against the enemies of the United States, causing the destruction of three enemy aircraft in aerial combat. Because he had flown his lone plane on many long, grueling missions deep into enemy territory, often under the most hazardous conditions and in the face of enemy fire, his deep devotion to duty was inspiring. Having destroyed two enemy fighters, though severely wounded he continued to fight until his plane was so badly crippled that it would no longer remain in the air. Then, with his instrument panel shattered, three engines shot out, and the right rudder control useless, he landed without flaps with such superb skill that the lives of the majority of his crew were saved. His actions on this occasion showed the highest degree of professional skill, heroic courage under fire and determined devotion to duty, and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
VPB117/P15, Serial 0184 (February 9, 1945)
Home Town: Pacific Beach, CA

*BROOKS, WILLIAM COSTELLO, JR.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Composite Squadron 65, U.S.S. St. Lo
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Costello Brooks, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Bomber in Composite Squadron Sixty-Five, attached to the U.S.S. St. Lo, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. In the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, (then Ensign) Brooks pressed home two attacks against the enemy. He single-handedly attacked a heavy cruiser with depth bombs and, subsequently partricipating in a three-plane torpedo attack, scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brooks and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 2/13/1920 - Alyhambra, CA
Home Town: Los Angeles, CA

BROWDER, MAURICE E.
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Sangamon
Date of Action: October 18 - 29, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Maurice E. Browder, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against an enemy of the United States. As Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Sangamon, Captain Browder was engaged in furnishing air support to amphibious attack groups landing on the shores of Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, from 18 to 29 October 1944. On 25 October 1944, while his ship was under almost constant air attack from suicide dive bombers, he repeatedly launched flight after flight against the enemy fleet approaching Leyte Gulf. These planes damaged the enemy ships and contributed to their turning away from this, the Battle of Samar Island. During this period he fought his ship so skillfully that only minor damage was received from repeated enemy air attacks. His conduct was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/wmh), Serial 0193 (January 19, 1945)
Birth: 10/22/1897 - Indianapolis, IN
Home Town: Indianapolis, IN

*BROWN, BURTON JAMES
Ensign, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Porterfield
Date of Action: February 26, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Burton James Brown, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as machine gun control officer on board a destroyer in a night surface engagement on 26 February 1945, in the Pacific off the South East Coast of Japan. With the utmost disregard for his own personal safety, Ensign Brown refused to see shelter from the intense enemy fire directed against the area in which he was controlling the battery, but remained fully exposed at all times. By his outstanding and courageous action he set an example that inspired not only his entire battery but all personnel aboard. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 032079 (March 12, 1945)
Home Town: Conneautville, PA

BROWN, CARL ALLEN, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 27 (VF-27), U.S.S. Princeton
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Carl Allen Brown, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron Twenty-Seven, attached to the U.S.S. Princeton, in action against enemy Japanese Forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 24, 1944. Skilled and aggressive in combat, Lieutenant Commander Brown participated in the interception of a large group of enemy planes attempting to attack our Task Force and pressed home his attack to shoot down five enemy planes and to inflict severe damage on an other. His high combat efficiency, courage and devotion to duty were instrumental in preventing damage to our ships and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/24/1917 - Texarkana, AR
Home Town: Texarkana, TX

BROWN, CHARLES DONALD
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Razorback
Date of Action: November 15, 1944 - January 15, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Donald Brown, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of a United States Submarine. With outstanding skill and aggressiveness, Lieutenant Commander Brown launched brilliantly planned and smartly executed torpedo attacks which resulted in sinking over 20,000 tons of enemy shipping, and damaging an additional 5,000 tons. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCPac 4th End. File P15/SS, Serial 01876 (March 4, 1945)
Birth: 4/11/1914 - Rhinelander, WI
Home Town: Rutherford, NJ

*BROWN, GEORGE PETER
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 24 (VT-24), U.S.S. Belleau Wood
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Peter Brown, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as leader of a division of torpedo planes during an attack against units of the enemy fleet on 20 June 1944. With great skill, Lieutenant (j.g.) Brown maneuvered his division into position and led it down against an enemy carrier, launching his torpedo from close range to score a confirmed hit in the face of heavy, accurate anti-aircraft fire, which was concentrated upon him as leader, and which inflicted severe damage to his plane, forcing his crew to abandon him, and wounding him severely. His attack, in conjunction with others, resulted in the sinking of the enemy vessel. His determined leadership, and outstanding courage were an inspiring example and were at all times thoroughly in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac 4th End. P15/G, Serial 03949 (August 13, 1944)
Birth: 11/1/1918 - Lockport, NY
Home Town: Rochester, NY

BROWN, JACK PERSHING
Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: May 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jack Pershing Brown, Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy, for heroic conduct while serving as Switchboard Opeator in the Forward Distribution Room, U.S.S. Lexington, in action against Japanese forces in the Coral Sea, 8 May 1942. Chief Electrician's Mate Brown assisted in evacuating wounded from gas filled areas in which explosions frequently occurred. With complete disregard for his own safety, after sustaining a head injury in one explosion and being drive out by gasses, he obtained a spare gas mask and returned to his post to further assist in the rescue. As a result of this courageous action, two of his wounded shipmates were removed to safety. His conduct and devotion to duty on this occasion were in keeping with the best traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 13-P15(1) /)%, Serial 2828 (June 29, 1942)
Birth: 5/20/1919 - Bassett, AR
Home Town: Bassett, AR

BROWN, JAMES HARVEY
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Ammen
Date of Action: April 20 - May 29, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Harvey Brown, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Ammen in action against enemy Japanese forces during a long period of hazardous radar picket duty in the vicinity of Okinawa from April 20 to May 29, 1945. In a situation unique in Naval warfare, Commander Brown aggressively fought his ship during twenty-seven engagements with attacking enemy aircraft and, skillfully carrying out defensive maneuvers, escaped with minor damage to his ship despite three plane crashes close aboard. With his vessel acting as a fighter director ship during much of this time, he contributed materially to the destruction of seven additional hostile aircraft by planes of our combat air patrol. By his inspiring leadership, Commander Brown kept his command ready for enemy attack day and night and, despite the tremendous mental strain on himself and his men, ably accomplished his assigned mission of providing early warning of enemy air attack to the main body of our Fleet. His gallant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*BROWN, MORRISON R.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Engineer Officer, U.S.S. Borie
Date of Action: November 1, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Morrison R. Brown, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Engineer Officer of the U.S.S. Borie when that vessel attacked and sank an enemy submarine on the morning of November 1, 1943. To keep the engines of the Borie operative to complete her mission, despite serious damage sustained during the prolonged battle, Lieutenant Brown remained steadfastly at his post, buffeted by debris in the heavy rolling of the vessel and with water pouring into the forward engine room. As the flooding increased and the compartment became untenable, he calmly ordered his men to safety while he stayed below, standing neck-deep in water at the throttle until the Borie had completely destroyed the submarine.
Birth: 10/12/1916 - Swampscott, MA
Home Town: Miami Beach, FL

BROWN, RUSSELL E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron, U.S.S. Petrof Bay
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Russell E. Brown, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession. Ensign Brown, as one of a flight of six fighter-plane pilots, boldly attacked a large task force of the Japanese Imperial Navy near the Island of Leyte, Central Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. the strike was made without the aid of surface craft and in the face of an intense barrage of anti- aircraft fire. The smallness of their numbers rendered each plane a conspicuous target, yet despite the overwhelming odds, ensign Brown lashed the enemy force with grim determinatin and with utter disregard for his personal safety. The strike, in which he participated so valiantly, resulted in diverting an enormous quantity of anti-aircraft fire that would have been hurled at the torpedo planes which followed. His action greatly enhanced the success of the torpedo attacks in which severe damage was inflicted upon capital ships of the Japanese Imperial Navy, and materially contributed to the retreat of the enemy fleet. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt Letter P15(F-6-2/pmh), Serial 0845 (February 22, 1945)
Birth: 7/30/1922 - Cambridge, MA
Home Town: Cambridge, MA

BROWN, THOMAS E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron, U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas E. Brown, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service as pilot of an airplane bombing squadron in dive a dive bombing attack on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. This attack, pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, resulted in sinking of the carrier. His gallant conduct greatly contributed to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCPac File P15(1)/(05), Serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Birth: 12/7/1920 - Richton, MS
Home Town: Jackson, AL

BROWN, THOMAS MARKHAM
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Neosho
Date of Action: May 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas Markham Brown, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer, U.S.S. Neosho, wyhen that ship was attacked by Japanese aircraft on 7 May 1942, and as acting Executive Officer during the trying days when she was in a sinking condition. His conspicuous courage and resourcefulness during the engagement was directly responsible for the destruction of three enemy planes and the damaging of at least four others. In the days subsequent to the attack, when preparations were being made to abandon ship, he assumed and performed the duties of Executive Officer in a thorough and efficient manner. His conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinCPac File P15(1)/(09), Serial 02601 (August 27, 1942)
Birth: 3/7/1905 - Cleveland, OH
Home Town: Cleveland, OH

BROWNE, GEORGE H.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Snook
Date of Action: September 6 - November 18, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George H. Browne, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of a United States Submarine during a war patrol in the Pacific. By a series of aggressive and well-executed attacks, Commander Browne sank enemy ships totalling over 20,000 tons and damaged additional vessels for a total of over 8,000 tons. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinCPac File P15/SS, Serial 01165 (February 9, 1945)
Birth: 12/6/1911 - New York, NY
Home Town: San Diego, CA

*BROWNE, ROBERT T.
Lieutenant (j.g.) (Medical Officer), U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Johnston
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert T. Browne, Lieutenant (j.g.) (Medical Officer), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy when his ship was attacked at sea in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. When word to abandon ship had been given, Lieutenant (j.g.) Browne remained on board an additional fifteen minutes supplying injured men with life jackets, helping them off the ship, and caring for the wounded. During this period the ship was under intense fire by the enemy. His courage and devotion to duty resulted in his death by gunfire, and his actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Com7thFlt File P15(F-6-2/hek), Serial 03657 (December 31, 1944)
Birth: 10/2/1916 - Detroit, MI
Home Town: Peoria, IL

BRUESTLE, LESTER KENNETH
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron,
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lester Kenneth Bruestle, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based torpedo bomkber in action against major units of the Japanese fleet in the vicinity of Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Despite adverse weather conditions and in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Bruestle skillfully and courageously piloted his plane in a successful torpedo attack on a light cruiser, scoring a direct hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTasForPac File P15 (July 4, 1945)
Home Town: Pelican Rapids, MN

BRUNELLE, ALBERT WILFRED
Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy R
PT 493
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Albert Wilfred Brunelle, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as a member of the crew of PT 493 when it attacked a Japanese Destroyer in Surigao Strait, Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. During his ship's retirement from the attack, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class Brunelle was on watch in the engine room when Japanese 4.7" shells twice passed through his compartment. Many items of machinery were wrecked, including the auxiliary generator, and a large hole was blown in the side of his ship below the water line. In utter disregard for his own personal safety, he took off his own life jacket and stuffed it into the hole in an attempt to stem the inrushing water. He made emergency repairs upon the machinery which enabled the boat, though apparently in a helpless condition, to maintain its course and escape from the enemy. His magnificent efforts, under the severest of conditions undoubtedly saved the lives of those on board who survived the enemy shelling. His conduct was an inspiration to all hands and in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 3/8/1923 - Woonsocket, RI
Home Town: Woonsocket, RI

BRUSH, FREDERICK JAMES
Commander, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron, U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action: February 17, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick James Brush, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier-based fighter plane in the vicinity of Tokyo Bay on 17 February 1945. Commander Brush skillfully and courageously conducted and led a fighter bomber attack against an enemy aircraft carrier in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. During the attack, he scored one direct bomb hit and one near miss, thereby contributing materially to the sinking of the enemy warships. During the same flight he engaged in aerial combat and damaged one enemy fighter plane. His skill and courage and leadership were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskForPac Letter P15, Serial 0260 (March 15, 1945)
Birth: 7/29/1908 - Susquehanna, PA
Home Town: Susquehanna, PA

BRUTON, HENRY CHESTER
(Third Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Greenling
Date of Action: December 9, 1942 - January 31, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry Chester Bruton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism from December 9, 1942, to January 31, 1943, while serving as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Greenling, on a war patrol. Lieutenant Commander Bruton adeptly and daringly maneuvered his ship into positions from which to strike the enemy, and aggressively attacked, sinking one 1,500 ton destroyer, three medium-sized cargo vessels, and one small escort vessel, a total of 20,700 tons, and damaging a large tanker of 9,000 tons. He handled his ship expertly to avoid damage from enemy counter measures. His actions and conduct are a continuation of his illustrious record, and are in keeping with the best traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Comdr S.W. pacific, P15, Serial 0214 (February 18, 1943)
Birth: 2/15/1905 - Belleville, AR
Home Town: Little Rock, AR
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BRUTON, HENRY CHESTER
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Greenling
Date of Action: July 10 - September 1, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry Chester Bruton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of a submarine in the successful conduct of an offensive war patrol from July 10, 1942, until September 1, 1942. In spite of strong enemy counter measures, Lieutenant Commander Bruton coolly and courageously pressed home every favorable attack opportunity and succeeded in sinking a total of 23,950 tons of enemy merchant shipping. During one depth charge attack, depth charges were dropping sufficiently close to jar personnel from their feet and to cause minor damage throughout the ship, but he brought his ship through and his crew home without loss and in splendid offensive spirits. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Birth: 2/15/1905 - Belleville, AR
Home Town: Little Rock, AR
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BRUTON, HENRY CHESTER
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Greenling
Date of Action: September 23 - November 1, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry Chester Bruton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for heroic and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Greenling. Lieutenant Commander Bruton conducted an aggressive and successful war patrol in enemy controlled waters from September 23, 1942 , to November 1, 1942. He distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against armed enemy forces and by his skill, courage, aggressiveness and determination, succeeded in sinking a total of 32,050 tons of enemy shipping, besides damaging severely one converted aircraft carrier of 22,000 tons. Despite numerous patrol craft on anti-submarine patrol and enemy counter efforts, Lieutenant Commander Bruton brought his ship through unscrateched and his crew home without loss or injury and in splendid offensive spirits. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
CinC Pac File Pac-07-gca-P15(2) (December 10, 1942)
Birth: 2/15/1905 - Belleville, AR
Home Town: Little Rock, AR
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BRYAN, BRADY LAWSON
Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Meredith
Date of Action: June 8, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Brady Lawson Bryan, Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and outstanding devotion to duty in saving the lives of four injured men by carring them out of a totally dark, shattered and flooded engineroom under hazardous conditions on 8 June 1944, when the U.S.S. Meredith struck an enemy mine while engaged in supporting the assault on France. Chief Machinist's Mate Bryan was in charge of the watch in the after engineroom when the ship struck a mine. Although dazed, he made his way out of the engineroom, but upon learning that the twelve men of his watch were still below, he, with total disregard for his own safety, and realizing that the room was flooded to within four feet of the overhead, went below and succeeded in rescuing four badly injured members of the crew who otherwise would have gone down with the ship. The courage and decisive action displayed by Chief Machinist's Mate Bryan on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComNavEu Letter P15-2(6), Serial 001403 (July 8, 1944)
Birth: 8/4/1915 - Waterman, TX
Home Town: Huntington, TX

BUCHAN, ROBERT B.
(First Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 2 (VB-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert B. Buchan, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac File P15(1)/(05), Serial 6 (April 27, 1942)
Birth: 1/3/1916 - Portland, OR
Home Town: Chicago, IL
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BUCHANAN, ROBERT LESTER
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 29 (VF-29), U.S.S. Cabo
Date of Action: October 16, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Lester Buchanan, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as the pilot of a single-seater carrier-based fighter plane. On 16 October 1944, in the vicinity of Formosa, Ensign Buchanan was a wingman in an eight-plane formation on Combat Air Patrol. In the face of a large formation of enemy aircraft approaching his own task group he courageously pressed home his attacks and succeeded in destroying five enemy planes without damage to himself. His fearless and aggressive action and his excellent marksmanship contributed greatly to the repulse of this enemy threat and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0592 (December 23, 1944)
Birth: 10/19/1921 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Clementon, NJ

BUCHER, RICHARD C.
Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy R
6th Marine Division
Date of Action: July 29, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Richard C. Bucher, Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against the enemy as corpsman with a rifle company in operations on Orote Peninsula, Guam, Marianas Islands, 29 July 1944. Without regard for his own personal safety, Hospital Apprentice First Class Bucher went to the aid of three wounded men despite heavy enemy fire from two pillboxes, saving the life of one of them who was bleeding to death. While applying first aid, he himself received a wound in the face that destroyed his right eye. He was pulled to safety and administered first aid. Shortly after first aid had been applied he declared that he was feeling better. Despite his painful wound and the loss of sight of one eye, he began to give first aid to the wounded again until he collapsed from exhaustion. His loyalty, devotion to duty and outstanding heroism were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComGen FMF Pac Flt, File 1740-5, Serial 0296/295 (February 5, 1945)
Home Town: Chaign, IL

BUCKLEW, PHIL HINKLE
(First Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Phil Hinkle Bucklew, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while in charge of a scout boat in action against enemy forces during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily, July 1943. Achieving a high degree of success in his capable and resourceful training of scout boat crews for the entire attack force, Lieutenant (junior grade), (then Ensign), Bucklew participated in the actual invasion with outstanding courage. Undeterred by glaring searchlight illumination and withering blasts of hostile weapons, he proceeded through hazardous waters, located the designated beach and directed the assault boat wave. Utterly disregarding shore battery and machine-gun fire which repeatedly struck his vessel, Lieutenant (junior grade) Bucklew persevered in guiding subsequent waves to the proper beach.
Birth: 12/18/1914 - Columbus, OH
Home Town: Ashville, OH
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

BUELL, HAROLD LLOYD
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron, U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold Lloyd Buell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while leading a division of carrier-based dive bombers on 20 June 1944. In the face of intense, accurate anti-aircraft fire, which blew a three-foot hole in his wing just after release, Lieutenant Buell led his division in a determined, devastating dive bombing attack, himself scoring a direct hit on the large enemy carrier under attack. Although wounded by a fragment from the shell that hit is wing, he flew his severely damaged plane through the night back to our carrier forces. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Servie.
ComFastCarTaskFor File P15, Serial 0438 (August 20, 1944)
Birth: 11/4/1919 - Keokuk, IA
Home Town: Ottumwa, IA

BURACKER, WILLIAM HOUCK
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Princeton
Date of Action: September & October, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Houck Buracker, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Princeton in the Western Pacific during the months of September and October 1944. By his courageous and inspiring leadership of his Carrier and Air Group, Captain Buracker contributed directly toward destroying a large part of the enemy's Navy and Air Force. When his own ship was heavily damaged by enemy attack he made a heroic and determined effort to save her, with utter disregard for his own safety, even in the face of three great explosions, which efforts were continued until the tactical situation demanded that she be sunk. At all times his conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskFor, Pac File C2CTF/P15, serial 0427 (December 16, 1944)
Birth: 7/25/1897 - Luray, VA
Home Town: Winchester, MA

BURCH, WILLIAM OSCAR, JR.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Oscar Burch, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as a Pilot in Scouting Squadron 5. Lieutenant Commander Burch fearlessly led his squadron over high mountains and dense jungles of New Guinea in a dive-bombing attack against three enemy airplane tenders or transports. He and his squadron scored seven direct hits and eight very near misses against the hostile vessels, one direct hit being made by Lieutenant Commander Burch personally, contributed materially to the sinking of the three Japanese ships.
Birth: 6/27/1904 - Paducah, KY
Home Town: Paducah, KY
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BURCH, WILLIAM OSCAR, JR.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4, 7, & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Oscar Burch, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action. Due to Lieutenant Commander Burch's distinguished and capable leadership, the high combat efficiency attained by units under his command enabled them to deliver five aggressive and exceptionally successful dive-bombing attacks, the first at Tulagi Harbor on May 4 in which at least eight enemy Japanese vessels were destroyed or severely damaged, and later on May 7, when an enemy carrier was sunk. On May 8 his squadron succeeded in sinking or severely damaging another enemy Japanese carrier and contributed materially to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Birth: 6/27/1904 - Paducah, KY
Home Town: Paducah, KY
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

BURFORD, WILLIAM P
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Monaghan
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William P Burford, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in line of his profession as Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Monaghan, during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Teritory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. During the sortie of the U.S.S. Monaghan, from Pearl Harbor, a Japanese submarine was sighted in the harbor. Despite the severe enemy bombing and straffing at the time, Lieutenant Commander Burford, through skillful handling of his ship at high speed in the shoal water and at a bend in the channel, attacked and destroyed the submarine by ramming and with depth charges; and completed the sortie from the harbor in an outstanding manner.
Birth: 2/12/1901 - Walla Walla, WA
Home Town: Seattle, WA

BURK, JOSEPH W.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, Motor Torpedo Boat 346 (PT-346)
Date of Action: November 1943 - January 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph W. Burk, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action at New Guinea from November of 1943 to January of 1944, while serving as commander of Motor Torpedo Boat 346. He made 21 combat patrols pursuing Japanese barges along the north coast of New Guinea and the west coast of New Britain, where he participated in the destruction of 26 enemy vessels. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States
Birth: 1/19/1914 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Beverly, NJ

BURKE, ARLEIGH ALBERT
Captain, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: October 30 - November 2, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arleigh Albert Burke, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as the commander of a destroyer squadron operating in the Northern Solomon Islands area during the period from midnight October 30 to noon November 2, 1943. Captain Burke's squadron, as a part of a task force, participated in the first bombardment of the Buka-Bonis area and in the first daylight bombardment of the Shortland area. During the night of November 1 - 2, a heavier gunned Japanese naval force was met and decisively defeated with the loss to the enemy of one cruiser and four destroyers sunk, and an additional two cruisers and two destroyers damaged. The action contributed much to the success of our operations at Empress Augusta Bay. Thereafter, a heavy air attack by sixty-seven enemy dive bombers was fought off with a total of seventeen enemy planes being destroyed. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 10/19/1901 - Boulder, CO
Home Town: Boulder, CO

BURKHART, CALVIN
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 20 (VB-20), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Calvin Burkhart, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron Twenty, attached to the U.S.S. Enterprise, during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division assigned an aircraft carrier as a target, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burkhart defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burkhart and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/17/1923 - Akron, OH
Home Town: Greeley, CO

BYROM, JACK ALVIN
Chief Petty Officer, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Joseph T. Dickman
Date of Action: November 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jack Alvin Byrom, Chief Petty Officer, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while in charge of a scout boat from the U.S.S. Joseph T. Dickman during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Preceding the assault on Fedala on November 8, Byrom skillfully maneuvered his craft in complete darkness from the transport area six miles off the coast toward the landing beach designated for the assault battalion of the Joseph T. Dickman. Despite a dangerous rock reef at the end of the beach and enemy batteries menacing the shore, he located his position and by prescribed signals guided incoming boat waves of troops. Although under fire from hostile forces, Byrom gallantly maintained his station until his mission was accomplished, thereby contributing to the successful landing of our troops.
Birth: 3/28/1914 - Durant, OK
Home Town: Durant, OK

CADY, JOSEPH
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Composite Squadron 81, U.S.S. Natoma Bay
Date of Action: October 25, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Cady, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron Eighty One, attached to the U.S.S. Natoma Bay, in action against the enemy Japanese Fleet during the Battle off Samar, October 25, 1945. When our carrier forces were under attack by major unites of the Japanese Navy, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant, Junior Grade,) Cady carried out an unsupported torpedo attack against a group of enemy heavy cruisers in company with two other planes. Despite a withering barrage of anti-aircraft fire from the hostile warships, he contributed to the infliction of damage on the leading cruiser at a time when the enemy ships were shelling our escort carriers. His gallant fighting spirit and intrepid actions upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 8/29/1920 - Barron County, WI
Home Town: South Gate, CA

CALDWELL, TURNER F., JR.
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Turner F. Caldwell, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of a Scouting Squadron, when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking one of them.
Birth: 11/17/1913 - Narberth, PA
Home Town: Vero Beach, FL
Other Award: Navy Cross 2/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

CALLAHAN, JOSEPH WILLIAM
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Ralph Talbot
Date of Action: June 30 - July 13, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph William Callahan, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Ralph Talbot during action against enemy Japanese forces on Rendova Island and during subsequent operations incident to the occupation of the New Georgia Islands from June 30 to July 13, 1943. During the assault on Rendova, Commander (then Lieutenant Commander) Callahan directed his ship in providing cover for transports engaged in landing troops despite attacks by enemy torpedo and dive bombers and the threat of enemy submarines and fire from shore batteries. In the restricted waters of the area, he engaged in hazardous operations involving the landing of reinforcements and participated in two effective bombardments of Munda Point. In the second battle of Kula Gulf, he fought his ship aggressively, contributing materially to the destruction of four and probably six Japanese vessels. When one of our ships was severely damaged by an enemy torpedo during this engagement, he pulled alongside the stricken vessel, took her in tow and removed personnel. His expert ship handling, courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Commander Callahan and the United States Naval Service.

*CAMPBELL, GEORGE MARVIN
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Marvin Campbell, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as a pilot of Torpedo Squadron Eight in the 'Air Battle of Midway', against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Lieutenant (j.g.) Campbell, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service
Birth: 1/7/1907 - Madras, OR
Home Town: Madras, OR

*CAMPBELL, KENDALL C.
(First Award)
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Kendall C. Campbell, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of a Bombing Squadron, when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, making a direct hit on one hostile vessel. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/25/1917 - Garden City, KS
Home Town: Lamar, CO
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

CARTER, MELVIN REED
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Pilot, Fighter Squadron 83, U.S.S. Bennington
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Melvin Reed Carter, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron Eighty Two, attached to the U.S.S. Bennington, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the East China Sea, April 7, 1945. Participating in the initial strike against a hostile Task Force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, (then Ensign) Carter pressed home a determined attack on a screening destroyer and then climbed for altitude to repeat the strike on another large destroyer. Through his skilled tactics, he scored a direct hit which contributed materially to the sinking of a Japanese battleship, heavy cruiser, light cruiser and three destroyers. His outstanding airmanship and devotion to the fulfillment of a perilous assignment were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Navel Service.

CARVER, LAMAR P.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 41 (VS-41), U.S.S. Ranger
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lamar P. Carver, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Squadron Commander and pilot of a plane of Scouting Squadron Forty-One, attached to the U.S.S. Ranger, during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. In the early morning of November 8, Lieutenant Commander Carver, leading a division of planes on an offensive mission over Casablanca harbor, sighted a nest of hostile submarines. Despite intense anti-aircraft fire, he skillfully maneuvered his division into position and executed an accurate dive-bombing attack, personally making one of the two direct hits which resulted in the sinking of two undersea craft. Again the same day, he led another dive-bombing attack on a group of hostile surface vessels which were being engaged by our ships and, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, several near-misses were scored by his command. His outstanding leadership and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 3/18/1906 - St. Louis, MO
Home Town: Moline, IL

CASSEDY, HIRAM
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Searaven
Date of Action: April 18 - 19, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Hiram Cassedy, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for a submarine rescue of an Australian aviator stranded on the Island of Timor when the Japanese invaded the southwest Pacific Islands in the Spring of 1942. While Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Searaven on April 18 - 19, 1942, he was directed to evacuate a number of airmen of the Royal Australian Air Force from Timor, N.E.I. The island was occupied by the enemy. Enemy forces were aware of the rpesence of the party of distressed aviators and operations were in progress to capture the group. Lieutenant Cassedy safely conducted his vessel to the rendezvous under hazardous conditions of navigation and by virtue of thorough preparations and excellent foresight effected a contact with the Australians. Although the area was under constant enemy patrol his vessel remained undetected. Under trying conditions and with the utmost pertinacity he directed the recovery of the aviators who were in an emaciated and fever-ridden state. The exceptional heroism displayed by Lieutenant Cassedy and the officers and men of the U.S.S. Searaven is a tribute to his leadership and skill and is in accord with the best traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 7/4/1908 - Brookhaven, MS
Home Town: Brookhaven, MS

*CAVALLARO, SALVATORE J.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Lyon
Date of Action: July 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Salvatore J. Cavallaro, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while in charge of a scout boat attached to the U.S.S. Lyon during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily. Undeterred by glaring enemy searchlights and gunfire, and by the prevailing adverse weather conditions, Ensign Cavallaro skillfully directed the first assault boat wave ashore and, with complete disregard for his own personal safety in the continuous fire from enemy shore batteries, carried on throughout the night and the early daylight hours in order to direct succeeding boat waves to the proper beaches.
Birth: 9/6/1920 - New York, NY
Home Town: New York, NY

CHAMPLIN, MALCOLM MCGREOR
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: December 8, 1941 - March 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Malcolm McGreor Champlin, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action. On December 25, 1941, Lieutenant (junior grade) Champlin proceeded to Manila from Corregidor and carried out the important and very difficult mission of destroying all bulk fuel oil, Diesel oil and aviation gasoline without setting fire to the city or pumping it into the harbor, thereby displaying initiative, tact, and resourcefulness to a very high degree. On December 27, 1941, he proceeded to Sangley Point from Corregidor in charge of a party which carried out the very difficult and hazardous mission of destroying the ammunition dump at Sunset Beach (including one hundred mines whose construction was of a highly confidential nature) together with other military stores and equipment at Cavite and Sangley Point. Failure to destroy the foregoing would have resulted in very grave military consequences. Throughout the period of December 8, 1941 to March 11, 1942, in carrying out his duties as Flag Lieutenant he also carried out many other assignments on Corregidor, Bataan and Mariveles. He showed a particularly high degree of efficiency in time of stress.
Birth: 4/13/1911 - San Francisco, CA
Home Town: Sonoma, CA

*CHRISTOPHER, HAROLD J.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Nevada
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold J. Christopher, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service, extraordinary courage and devotion to duty and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Ensign Christopher, realizing his services at his regular battle station on the U.S.S. Nevada were not needed at the time, he, on his own initiative, assumed duties on the five-inch broadside battery and effectively controlled his part of that battery until killed by a bomb explosion.
Birth: 11/6/1919 - Dwight, IL
Home Town: Evanston, IL

*CLAGGETT, BLADEN DULANEY
Commander, U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Dace
Date of Action: September 1 - November 6, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Bladen Dulaney Claggett, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Dace in her Fifth War Patrol in enemy-controlled waters, from 1 September 1944 to 6 November 1944. Commander Claggett displayed outstanding ability and great courage in three persistent attacks against the enemy, in which three large vessels were sunk. He evaded the enemy escorts through the skill and excellent fighting spirit of his ship. During his patrol, he made a successful rescue of the entire crew of the U.S.S. Darter, which had been grounded on a shoal. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States of America.
Birth: 12/18/1912 - Frederick County, MD
Home Town: Baltimore, MD

CLARK, DOUGLAS ALAN
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 30 (VF-30), U.S.S. Belleau Wood
Date of Action: March 21, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Douglas Alan Clark, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Flight Leader and Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron Thirty, attached to the U.S.S. Belleau Wood, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Japanese Home Islands on March 21, 1945. Leading a combat air patrol protecting the Task Force, Lieutenant Commander Clark directed his squadron in a devastating attack on a large enemy bomber formation despite the presence of high enemy fighter cover. Although his flight was greatly outnumbered by the enemy, he personally shot down one hostile fighter and damaged another, thereby aiding in turning back the threat to the security of our Task Force and contributing to the destruction of the enemy bombers without the loss of a single friendly plane. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

COCHRAN, JACK COWAN
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 14 (VT-14), U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jack Cowan Cochran, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as pilot of a torpedo plane in Torpedo Squadron Fourteen, attached to the U.S.S. Wasp, in action against major units of the Japanese fleet during the first battle of the Philippine Sea, June 20, 1944. Boldly carrying the fight to important enemy fleet units, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (then Ensign) Cochran effectively attacked six enemy oilers and, expertly maneuvering his plane at an extremely low altitude despite enemy fighters and intense antiaircraft fire, scored three direct hits on a large hostile tanker, contributing materially to the destruction of the Japanese ship in a maze of explosions and flame. Skilled and courageous, he piloted his plane through the darkness on the hazardous and return flight to make a safe landing on board a friendly carrier. His expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Birth: 7/3/1921 - Dinuba, CA
Home Town: Dinuba, CA

COLE, WILLIAM M.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Fletcher
Date of Action: November 12 - 13, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William M. Cole, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of a destroyer during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Guadalcanal Island on the night of November 12 - 13 1942. The then Commander Cole gallantly, and at the risk of his life, engaged numerically superior enemy forces at close range, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. His courageous conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Birth: 1/10/1903 - Chester, PA
Home Town: Media, PA

COLEMAN, ROBERT LOUIS
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. LST 311
Date of Action: July 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Louis Coleman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LST 311 during the amphibious assault on Sicily, July 10, 1943. When another landing ship was struck by an aerial bomb off the beach near Gela, Lieutenant Commander Coleman, observing the ignition of a cargo of ammunition loaded on trucks, unhesitatingly brought his own vessel close aboard and fought desperately to help control the rapid spread of the flames. Forced to withdraw when his own ship became imperiled by exploding shells and realizing that the fire was inextinguishable, he returned shortly afterward, placed the bow of the LST 311 alongside the stern of the stricken vessel and rescued forty men who otherwise might have been lost.
Birth: 8/28/1913 - New Philadelphia, OH
Home Town: New Philadelphia, OH

COLEY, LEWIS E.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Alden
Date of Action: February 27, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lewis E. Coley, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Alden in a torpedo attack against superior enemy Japanese forces in the Java Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 10/2/1899 - Alexander City, AL
Home Town: Oklahoma City, OK

CONKEY, GEORGE L.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Caommanding Officer, U.S.S. Eugene E. Elmore
Date of Action: May 29, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George L. Conkey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Eugene E. Elmore, in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic War Area on 29 May 1944. Conning his ship with daring and skill, Commander Conkey engaged a German submarine and struck heavily and effectively throughout the aggressive action to secure a decisive victory. In the concentrated night action in which U.S.S. Block Island was sunk and U.S.S. Barr torpedoed, he detected U-549 in the act of firing a third torpedo at the crippled aircraft carrier and unhesitatingly maneuvered to ram, forcing the enemy to break off the attack. After the sumbarine submerged, he avoided a torpedo launched at his vessel and immediately assumed the offensive against the U-boat, which was in a favorable position to launch torpedoes at our vulnerable ships engaged in rescuing 951 survivors of the stricken carrier. Skillfully taking over contact on the enemy submarine reported by one of the rescue destroyer escorts, Commander Conkey delivered four seperate aggressive underwater attacks, resulting in the sinking of U-549. He then went to the rescue of the badly damaged U.S.S. Barr, taking off half of her crew and towing the destroyer escort back to port. Through his outstanding courage and professional skill Commander Conkey was directly instrumental in saving three vessels from probable torpedoing, in preventing the sinking of one destroyer escort, in making possible the rescue of 951 survivors, and in destroying and enemy submarine. His heroic actions throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

CONNORS, GERALD MARTIN
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, LCI (G) 469, LCI (G) Group Eight,
Date of Action: February 17, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Gerald Martin Connors, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of LCI (G) 469, attached to LCI (G) Group Eight, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on February 17, 1945. Vigilant and determined, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant Junior Grade) Connors penetrated the spreading curtain of devastating gunfire from powerful Japanese coastal positions to close the beach and deliver a steady barrage, blasting the enemy's fortifications with unrelenting aggressiveness for more than an hour. With his firepower reduced as operational casualties disabled his main battery, he steadfastly remained on station and intensified the rate of fire from his 20-mm guns until the heavy battery was again in operation. Ordered to withdraw from the field of combat when fires flared and the 469 began shipping water as a result of enemy gunfire, he effected damage control in a matter of minutes and, voluntarily returning to the firing line, again closed the beach in bold defiance of the pounding fury of Japanese shore batteries and continued to bombard defensive positions, persistently delivering heavy and short range fire despite additional hits and increasing personnel casualties resulting from the incessant counterfire. By his dauntless courage, indomitable fighting spirit and outstanding professional skill, Lieutenant Connors contributed materially to the success of this extremely hazardous mission and his valiant leadership throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

COOK, GEORGE CARLTON
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Searaven
Date of Action: April 18 & 19, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Carlton Cook, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action on the night of April 18 and 19, 1942, while in charge of the boat and rescue party seeking to evacuate a group of distressed Australian aviators, grounded on the island of Timor, N.E.I. Enemy forces were present in the vicinity and searching for the party. Ensign Cook swam ashore through the surf and after considerable difficulty and with great danger to himself, made contact with the Australians. He made several trips through the surf, superintended the transfer of the sick and wounded men to the U.S.S. Searaven and saved two from drowning. Ensign Cook displayed extraordinary heroism under exceptionally trying conditions. His actions were in complete disregard of his personal safety and are an inspiring example of devotion to duty. His high courage and fine leadership on this occasion are in accord with the best traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 2/21/1918 - Milton, MA
Home Town: Boston, MA

COOK, LAWRENCE BLANCHARD
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Newcomb
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lawrence Blanchard Cook, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a Warship in action against enemy Japanese forces in Surigao Strait, Philippine Islands, on the night of October 25, 1944. When a formidable column of Japanese battleships, cruisers and destroyers was encountered advancing through the Strait in the darkness of the early morning hours, Commander Cook daringly and with brilliant tactical ability directed the ship against fierce and prolonged enemy gunfire and, skillfully placing his ship in an advantageous striking position despite extremely hazardous conditions, launched a devastating, accurate torpedo attack, subsequently withdrawing from the area without damage to his vessel. By his forceful leadership and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of tremendous odds, Commander Cook contributed materially to the decisive defeat of the aggressive enemy force and his valiant conduct throughout reflects great credit upon himself, his gallant command and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 9/13/1907 - Lowell, MA
Home Town: Nashua, NH

*COOLBAUGH, WALTER W.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4 & 7, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Walter W. Coolbaugh, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courageous perserverance as pilot of an airplane of a Scouting Squadron in three dive bombing attacks, two on enemy Japanese forces in Tulagi Harbor on May 4, and the third on an enemy aircraft carrier in the Coral Sea on May 7, 1942. Pressing home these attacks in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Coolbaugh, by his skill and determination, assisted greatly in the sinking of the carrier and in the sinking or severe damaging of eight other enemy vessels. His conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self- command against formidable odds contributed materially to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Birth: 8/1/1918 - Ransom, PA
Home Town: Clark's Summit, PA

COOPER, JACOB ELLIOTT
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. John D. Ford
Date of Action: February 19 - 20, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jacob Elliott Cooper, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. John D. Ford in action against enemy forces at Badoeng Strait, Netherlands East Indies, February 19 to 20, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 3/20/1902 - Bristol, FL
Home Town: Columbus, GA
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

COOPER, JACOB ELLIOTT
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. John D. Ford
Date of Action: January 23 - 24, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jacob Elliott Cooper, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. John D. Ford in action against enemy forces at Macassar Strait, January 23 to 24, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 3/20/1902 - Bristol, FL
Home Town: Columbus, GA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

CRAIG, DONALD MUNRO
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Division Commander, Motor Torpedo Boat Division
Date of Action: June & July 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Donald Munro Craig, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as Commander of a division of motor torpedo boats engaged in operations against the enemy convoys off the West Coast of Italy and the South Coast of France in June and July 1944. Lieutenant Craig led his group on six missions against enemy convoys attempting to maintain supply lines to Axis armies in Northern Italy. He skillfully and with the utmost courage and determination disposed his forces on these operations to seek out the enemy and intercept and destroy his shipping. On all occasions he patrolled well within enemy coastal waters and conducted his attacks with great daring and effectiveness with minimum damage to his own forces. In the final success of these operations, he accounted for the sinking of one corvette, one coaster and three F lighters and the severe damaging of one small ammunition ship, two MAS boats and one or more F lighters, thereby seriously cutting off enemy reinforcements of supplies and other essential materials to the front lines. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 10/10/1919 - San Francisco, CA
Home Town: Carmel-by-the-Sea, CA

*CRAIG, JOHN R.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Grampus
Date of Action: October 7, 1942 - January 19, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John R. Craig, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Grampus engaged in war patrols. Despite the great mental and physical strain of prolonged patrols in enemy-controlled waters, Lieutenant Commander Craig launched repeated, daring attacks on Japanese shipping, sinking two enemy transports and one cargo ship, totalling 24,000 tons, and damaging three enemy destroyers. His efficient and inspiring leadership and the loyal devotion to duty of the men under his command throughout the period made possible the successful accomplishment of a vital and hazardous mission. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 9/13/1906 - Jacksonville, FL
Home Town: St. Petersburg, FL

*CREAMER, WILLIAM E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William E. Creamer, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as a pilot of Torpedo Squadron Eight in the 'Air Battle of Midway', against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Creamer, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service
Birth: 12/1/1916 - York, PA
Home Town: Riverside, CA

CROSBY, JOHN THEODORE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 18 (VF-18), U.S.S. Bunker Hill
Date of Action: April 16, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Theodore Crosby, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for distinguishing himself by extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while flying as pilot of a carrier based fighter plane on 16 April 1945. During a patrol in the vicinity of Okinawa he sighted twenty enemy fighters headed in the direction of our forces and dove to intercept. In the encounter that followed he shot down four enemy planes and emerged without injury to his plane or himself although, having become seperated from his division, he fought single handed during most of the engagement. The first fighter he attacked burst into flames and crashed. A second plane engaged him in a head on run but his bullets scored hits on the enemy plane which, burning about the engine, went down. Regaining altitude he opened fire on a third fighter which also fell into the sea ablaze. The fourth plane he attacked broke apart in midair, concluding the engagement. Later in the same flight he dove on an enemy dive bomber which crashed on the shore of Okinawa as a result of his fire. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*CROSS, FREDERICK C., JR.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 128 (VB-128), Fleet Air Wing 9
Date of Action: August 7, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick C. Cross, Jr., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courageous devotion to duty while serving with Bombing Squadron One Twenty- Eight, Fleet Air Wing Nine, United States Atlantic Fleet, as Pilot of a Navy PV-1 plane during an engagement with an enemy submarine, August 7, 1943. Although he sustained mortal wounds and his aircraft's starboard engine was shattered by a direct hit during the approach to a hostile submarine, Lieutenant (junior grade) Cross, undeterred by his extremely painful injuries and the hazards of concentrated enemy gunfire, pressed home an aggressive attack, dropping his depth bombs in a stick across the ship's bow and possibly damaging the undersea craft. After struggling in vain to maintain flight, he succeeded in effecting a perfect water landing, thus enabling his co-pilot and radio operator to survive and subsequently to attain safety.
Birth: 7/8/1917 - Lunenberg, MA
Home Town: Lunenberg, MA

CROW, ROGER CURTIS
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: August 24, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roger Curtis Crow, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as pilot of a Scout-Bomber during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Campaign on August 24, 1942. Participating in a vigorous and persistent dive-bombing attack against a Japanese aircraft carrier, Ensign Crow, fighting through a bursting hail of anti-aircraft fire and violent aerial opposition, contributed to the serious damaging of the enemy vessel. Aggressively attacking hostile aircraft during return flight to his own carrier, he shot down three and effectively damaged two. His relentless fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty, maintained with complete disregard for his own personal safety, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 3/25/1919 - Cleveland, OH
Home Town: Cleveland, OH

CRUZE, JACK D.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Patrol Squadron 11 (VP-11),
Date of Action: November 1 - 16, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jack D. Cruze, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Catalina Patrol Plane operating over the Solomon Sea and the vicinity of the Bismarck Archipelago from November 1 to 16, 1943. Flying under hazardous weather conditions and in the face of heavy antiaircraft opposition, Lieutenant Cruze skillfully located the enemy and, maneuvering his plane for maximum tactical advantage, delivered an accurate hit on a hostile cargo ship, destroyed a wharf and inflicted severe damage on many barges. On the night of November 16, when he sighted a large force of enemy vessels, he promptly and fearlessly maneuvered his plane for a low-altitude bombing attack and, approaching his target through a barrage of withering antiaircraft fire, scored two direct and punishing hits, destroying or seriously damaging a valuable transport. Lieutenant Cruze's splendid airmanship, valorous initiative and unswerving devotion to duty at great personal risk were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

CUNNINGHAM, WINFIELD SCOTT( )
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, Naval Air Station, Wake Island
Date of Action: December 7 - 22, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Winfield Scott Cunningham, Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic conduct in the line of his profession, as commanding officer, Naval Air Station, Wake Island, where he was responsible for directing defenses of that post during the Japanese seige from December 7 - 22, 1941, against impossible odds.
Birth: 2/16/1900 - Rockbridge, WI
Home Town: Annapolis, MD

CURTIS, NED BIGELOW
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Nevada
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ned Bigelow Curtis, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for outstanding courage during the attack by Japanese forces on the Fleet at Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941. Acting on orders to evacuate the control officers starboard antiaircraft battery of a battleship, Corpsman Curtis climbed the foremast to the director under heavy enemy bombing and strafing which were causing heavy casualties. He disregarded orders of the wounded officer, Ensign Joseph K. Taussig, Jr., to go below. Placing him in a stretcher, and with the assistance of other men, he lowered him three deck levels to the boat deck when other means of descent were blocked by a serious fire caused by a bomb hit. He was burned so severely as to cause his subsequent removal to a hospital.
Birth: 5/6/1920 - Flint, MI
Home Town: San Pedro, CA

CUSHMAN, KENT MANNING
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 16 (VT-16), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: June 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Kent Manning Cushman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron Sixteen, attached to the U.S.S. Lexington, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on June 20, 1944. Leading his section in a long-range attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant Commander (then Lieutenant) Cushman maneuvered his plane to evade determined fighter resistance and intense antiaircraft fire in the ensuing action and, striking at a large enemy aircraft carrier, scored two direct bomb hits on the bow of the hostile vessel which eventually sank. Upon completion of the critical mission, Lieutenant Commander Cushman succeeded in returning with his flight to his Task Group under extremely adverse conditions. His cool courage, professional skill and leadership reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Cushman and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 1/12/1918 - Cheney, WA
Home Town: Eatonville, WA

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Seahorse
Date of Action: October 20 - December 12, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Seahorse during the Second War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese-controlled waters. Alert and aggressive as he navigated dangerous seas in search of Japanese shipping, Commander Cutter conducted bold attacks against the enemy and, maintaining a high standard of efficiency throughout this important patrol, succeeded in sinking nine vessels totaling 48,000 tons, and in damaging another ship of 4,800 tons. He inspired confidence and maximum effort among the officers and men of his command, inflicting heavy losses upon the enemy and bringing his ship back to port undamaged despite intensive hostile countermeasures. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Moline, IL
Home Town: New London, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 2nd Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII)

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(Fourth Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Seahorse
Date of Action: July 3 - 19, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Seahorse, during the Fifth War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese-controlled waters, from June 3 to July 19, 1944. Penetrating heavy and unusually alert escort screens, Commander Cutter pressed home well planned and executed torpedo attacks to sink six enemy ships totaling 37,000 tons and damaged an additional ship of 4,000 tons. Undaunted by severe enemy anti-submarine measures, he directed his vessel and succeeded in bringing her safe to port. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Moline, IL
Home Town: New London, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 2nd Gold Star (WWII)

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Seahorse
Date of Action: January 6 - February 16, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Seahorse during a War Patrol of that vessel in enemy-controlled waters. In spite of the thorough enemy aircraft patrols and intensive methods in which the Japanese conducted their anti-submarine measures, he aggressively attacked and successfully delivered damaging torpedo attacks against heavily escorted enemy convoys, sinking five enemy ships totaling over 30,000 tons. On one occasion, it was necessary to pursue an enemy convoy over a period of eighty hours and only by exceptional determination and skill was he able to penetrate the escort screen and sink two freighters, evading severe enemy counter-attacks to bring his ship back to port undamaged. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Moline, IL
Home Town: New London, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII)

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(Third Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Seahorse
Date of Action: March 28 - April 27, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Seahorse, during a War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese controlled-waters of the Pacific, from March 28 to April 27, 1944. Lieutenant Commander Cutter launched repeated torpedo attacks to sink four hostile ships totaling over 25,000 tons and to damage an enemy submarine of over 600 tons. Although subjected to severe depth charging and aerial bombing, he skillfully evaded the enemy and brought his ship safe to port. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Moline, IL
Home Town: New London, CT
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII)

DALE, JOHN RUSSELL
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R
Composite Squadron 20 (VC-20), U.S.S. Kadashan Bay
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Russell Dale, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action on October 25, 1944, while serving as commanding officer of Composite Squadron 20 (VC-20) embarked from the U.S.S. Kadashan Bay during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippines. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 10/9/1915 - Mt. Vernon, NY
Home Town: Rochester, NY

*DALY, EDWARD CARLYLE
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Downes
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward Carlyle Daly, Coxswain, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service and devotion to duty when, on December 7, 1941, after an oil fire forced the abandonment of his station in the forward part of his ship, the U.S.S. Downes, a destroyer which was heavily bombed during the attack, Coxswain Daly gave up his life in a courageous and daring attempt to save a badly wounded shipmate who had been trapped in a flaming compartment of the ship.
Birth: 4/27/1914 - Pink Hill, NC
Home Town: Goldsboro, NC

DARROCH, JAMES W.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Brant
Date of Action: November 9, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James W. Darroch, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. Brant during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1943. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. Dallas could navigate up the Sebou River, Lieutenant Darroch and his crew, on the night of November 9, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his shipmates skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Lieutenant Darroch dauntlessly started back and, in spite of enormous breakers which battered his boat and washed one of his machine guns overboard, brought her and her courageous crew back to safety.
Birth: 2/4/1912 - Kewanee, IL
Home Town: Albany, CA

DAUGHERTY, JAMES WILLIAM
Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Shubrick
Date of Action: August 4, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James William Daugherty, Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving aboard the U.S.S. Shubrick during the Sicilian Campaign on August 4, 1943. Hearing the cries of men who were trapped in the after fireroom when an enemy bomb inflicted severe damage on his ship, Daugherty disregarded imminent peril to himself and promptly went to the rescue of his helpless comrades. To facilitate escape, he cut away a blackout device, then entered the fast-flooding, steam-filled compartment and assisted the imprisoned crew members to safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 1/17/1896 - Le Flore County, OK
Home Town: Oklahoma City, OK

DAVENPORT, ROY M.
(Fifth Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
USS Trepang, U.S.S. Trepang
Date of Action: November 16 - December 20, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy M. Davenport, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Trepang during the Second War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese-controlled waters. Daringly penetrating a strong hostile escort screen to deliver a series of night surface attacks, Commander Davenport launched his torpedoes into an escorted convoy, holding to his targets grimly in the face of heavy countermeasures and sinking an important amount of Japanese tonnage. During this excellently planned and brilliantly executed engagement, the Trepang effectively coordinated her efforts with other submarines and, as a result of the combined firepower of these gallant ships, contributed to the destruction of the entire convoy within a period of three hours. A courageous and expert seaman, forceful and inspiring in his leadership, Commander Davenport, as Group Commander, was largely responsible for the outstanding success of this vital and hazardous mission. His gallant conduct and the exceptional combat readiness of his command reflect the highest credit upon Commander Davenport and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Kansas City, KS
Home Town: Kansas City, KS
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 2nd Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII)

DAVENPORT, ROY M.
(Fourth Award)
Commander, U.S. Navy
USS Trepang, U.S.S. Trepang
Date of Action: September 13 - October 23, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy M. Davenport, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Trepang during the First War Patrol of that vessel in enemy waters. Effectively covering wide areas of the enemy's shipping routes, Commander Davenport tracked Japanese surface forces with relentless determination, skillfully developing his contacts into highly aggressive torpedo attacks. Boldly launching his fire against hostile escorted convoys, he directed his command in the destruction of several important enemy vessels and continued his vigorous tactics by a night surface attack against a Japanese task force to sink or damage severely combatant ships of heavy fire power and vital to the enemy's sustained prosecution of the war. His valiant ship-handling in evading severe enemy countermeasures despite the Trepang's inferior speed and highly phosphorescent seas and the gallant fighting spirit of the entire ship's company reflect the highest credit upon Commander Davenport and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Kansas City, KS
Home Town: Kansas City, KS
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 2nd Gold Star (WWII), 4th Gold Star (WWII)

DAVENPORT, ROY M.
(Third Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Haddock
Date of Action: October 20 - November 15, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy M. Davenport, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Haddock during the Seventh War Patrol in enemy Japanese-controlled waters in the Pacific War Area. With superb tactical skill, Commander Davenport maneuvered his ship into striking position and in a daring surface torpedo attack against a hostile destroyer search group, sank one of the Japanese warships then, during the ensuing confusion, carried out a successful surface retirement. Contacting two heavily escorted enemy convoys, he and his gallant command delivered accurate and devastating attacks against the hostile vessels, sinking a large amount of Japanese shipping. Commander Davenport's inspiring leadership and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Kansas City, KS
Home Town: Kansas City, KS
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII), 4th Gold Star (WWII)

DAVENPORT, ROY M.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Haddock
Date of Action: September 2 - 28, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy M. Davenport, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a United States Submarine while that vessel was engaged in an aggressive and successful patrol against enemy Japanese in the Pacific War Area. Although operating in the presence of formidable concentrations of anti-submarine vessels, Lieutenant Commander Davenport pressed home a series of vigorous and persistent attacks which resulted in the sinking or damaging of an important amount of hostile shipping. Despite severe countermeasures on the part of the enemy, he brought his ship through many perilous encounters and his crew home without material damage or loss of life. His expert seamanship and cool courage in the face of great personal danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Kansas City, KS
Home Town: Kansas City, KS
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII), 4th Gold Star (WWII)

DAVENPORT, ROY M.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Haddock
Date of Action: June 30 - August 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy M. Davenport, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a United States Submarine during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific Area. Throughout numerous hazardous war patrols in enemy-infested waters, Lieutenant Commander Davenport pressed home his attacks with cool and courageous determination and despite intense and persistent hostile opposition, succeeded in sinking over 10,500 tons of enemy shipping and damaging over 35,500 tons. His aggressive fighting spirit, inspiring leadership and the splendid efficiency of the men in his command contributed immeasurably to the success of our operations in this vital area and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 12/17/1911 - Kansas City, KS
Home Town: Kansas City, KS
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 2nd Gold Star (WWII), 3rd Gold Star (WWII), 4th Gold Star (WWII)

*DAVIS, FREDERICK C.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Nevada
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick C. Davis, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for initiative and disregard of his own safety during the Japanese attack on the Fleet at Pearl harbor, December 7, 1941. Since no planes were on board his battleship, U.S.S. Nevada, this aviator on his own initiative and in a heroic effort to be of the greatest usefulness, was hurring to the foremast structure to take charge of the forward antiaircraft machine gun battery when he was killed by a bomb explosion.
Birth: 10/21/1915 - Rock County, WI
Home Town: Rock County, WI

DAVIS, SAMUEL ADAMS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 25, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Samuel Adams Davis, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commander of a Rescue Plane in Rescue Squadron Three during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Japanese Homeland on July 25, 1945. Persisting in a search for two downed aviators in the Inland Sea of Japan after his escort was forced to leave him, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant Junior Grade,) Davis located and rescued a fighter pilot in the face of anti-aircraft fire from enemy shore batteries. While returning to his base, he sighted two more downed pilots and, executing a skillful landing by moonlight in a rough sea, took them aboard and returned the three airmen safe to base. His superb airmanship and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Davis and the United States Naval Service.

DAVIS, WILLIAM EDGAR, III
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 19 (VT-19), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Edgar Davis, III, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for distinguishing himself by extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as pilot of a carrier based fighter aircraft on 25 October 1944. Flying through intense anti-aircraft fire, he made an aggressive attack on a Japanese carrier, first strafing and then delivering a well placed bomb from low altitude. After this attack the carrier was left burning and subsequently sank. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Birth: 3/1/1921 - Philadelphia, PA
Home Town: Ambler, PA

DEMOSS, CHARLES WILLIAM
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squdron 18 (VF-18), U.S.S. Intrepid
Date of Action: October 24, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles William DeMoss, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Fighter-Bomber Plane in Fighting Squadron Eighteen, attached to the U.S.S. Intrepid, in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on October 24, 1944. Diving from high level through a terrific curtain of antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant DeMoss scored a 500-pound bomb hit on the fantail of a radically maneuvering Kongo Class battleship, damaging the superstructure, crippling the rudder and propellers, and forcing the ship to withdraw from the battle. His outstanding courage and determination in the face of great danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

DEMPSEY, JAMES CHARLES
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. S-37
Date of Action: February 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Charles Dempsey, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary actions as commander of the U.S.S. S-37 during a night surface attack against a division of Japanese destroyers on 8 February 1942. Lieutenant Dempsey attacked a Japanese convoy in the Makassar Strait, torpedoing and sinking the destroyer Natsushiro. His ship became the first U.S. submarine ever to sink an enemy destroyer. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 8/30/1908 - Eastport, MD
Home Town: Germantown, PA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

DEVANE, JOHN M., JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 41 (VS-41), U.S.S. Ranger
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John M. DeVane, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Flight Officer of Scouting Squadron Forty-One, attached to the U.S.S. Ranger, during the occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. Participating in four dive-bombing and strafing raids. Lieutenant DeVane, under a bursting hail of antiaircraft shells, pressed home vigorous and persistent attacks against hostile airfields, light vessels, gun emplacements, tanks and trucks.
Birth: 10/14/1915 - Fayetteville, NC
Home Town: Fayetteville, NC

DICKINSON, CLARENCE E., JR.
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 6 (VS-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clarence E. Dickinson, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action on December 7, 1941. Returning to Oahu in a scouting plane, Lieutenant Dickinson and his gunner were angaged by a superior number of Japanese aircraft. Although the latter was killed, Lieutenant Dickinson continued to engage the enemy until his plane was forced down in flames. He escaped by parachute, landed near Ewa field, and proceeded to the naval air station, Ford Island, Pearl Harbor. Here he was immediately assigned to a 175 mile aerial search operations at sea, his recent ordeal not having been reported. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/1/1912 - Jacksonville, FL
Home Town: Raleigh, NC
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

DICKINSON, CLARENCE E., JR.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 6 (VS-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: December 10, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clarence E. Dickinson, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action near Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on December 10, 1941. Lieutenant Dickinson attacked and possibly destroyed an enemy submarine despite anti-aircraft fire directed at his airplane from the submarine. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/1/1912 - Jacksonville, FL
Home Town: Raleigh, NC
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

DIXON, HAROLD FREDERICK
Aviation Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: January 18 - February 19, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold Frederick Dixon, Aviation Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism, exceptional determination and skillful seamanship when, after a forced landing at sea against the enemy January 18, 1942, his plane sank immediately forcing him and his crew to take to an aviation emergency rubber boat. By his resourcefulness and excellent judgment he succeeded in navigating the rubber boat for 34 days over approximately 500 miles, without adequate provisions or equipment, and landing safely on a remote Pacific Island, thereby saving the lives of his crew and exhibiting the highest quality of leadership.
Birth: 1/10/1901 - Muskogee, OK
Home Town: La Mesa, CA

DIXON, ROBERT ELLINGTON
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 2 (VB-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Ellington Dixon, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/22/1906 - Richland, GA
Home Town: Richland, GA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

DODSON, CHARLES O., JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 25, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles O. Dodson, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving as a carrier-based fighter pilot during operations against capital shipping in the Japanese Island sea area on July 25, 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*DONNELL, JOHN GERALD
Chief Specialist, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Thomas Jefferson
Date of Action: November 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Gerald Donnell, Chief Specialist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while in charge of a scout boat from the U.S.S. Thomas Jefferson during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Preceding the assault on Fedala on November 8, Donnell skillfully maneuvered his craft in complete darkness from the transport area six miles off the coast toward the landing beach designated for the assault battalion of the Thomas Jefferson. Despite a dangerous rock reef at the end of the beach and enemy batteries menacing the shore, he located his position and by prescribed signals guided incoming boat waves of troops. Although under fire from hostile forces, Donnell gallantly maintained his station until his mission was accomplished, thereby contributing to the successful landing of our troops. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/30/1912 - Boise, ID
Home Town: Portland, OR

DOWLING, ROY BENJAMIN
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Cherokee
Date of Action: November 9, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy Benjamin Dowling, Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. Cherokee during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. Dallas could navigate up the Sebou River, Dowling and his shipmates, on the night of November 9, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Dowling and the other members of his party, in spite of the enormous breakers which battered their boat, brought her back to safety.
Birth: 2/20/1917 - Ft. Worth, TX
Home Town: Tacoma, WA

DOWNING, ARTHUR L.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: May 4, 7 & 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur L. Downing, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and courageous devotion to duty as pilot of an airplane of a Scouting Squadron in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on May 4, 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on May 7 and 8, 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, on May 8 opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/20/1915 - Wenatchee, WA
Home Town: South Haven, MI
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

DOWNING, ARTHUR L.
(First Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Scouting Squadron 5 (VS-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur L. Downing, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as pilot of a Scout Bomber in action against enemy Japanese forces at Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on March 10, 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant (junior grade) Downing dived and skillfully attacked one of three Japanese aircraft tenders or transports and obtained a direct hit on one of the hostile vessels. By his superb airmanship and outstanding courage he contributed to the destruction of the three enemy ships and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/20/1915 - Wenatchee, WA
Home Town: South Haven, MI
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

DOWNING, ARTHUR L.
(Third Award)
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 14 (VB-14), U.S.S. Wasp
Date of Action:
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur L. Downing, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as leader of a strike group of fighter, dive bomber and torpedo planes in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. In the course of this strike, several battleships were either sunk or severely damaged. As pilot of the leading dive-bombing airplane, he attacked one of the most powerful enemy battleships. In spite of extremely anti-aircraft fire from every kind of weapon, he deliberately pressed his attack to an extraordinarily low level before releasing his bombs, both of which were direct hits in a vulnerable spot. This accurate and aggressive bombing silenced fire from the forward part of the ship and permitted following torpedo planes to press home their attacks with comparative impunity. Furthermore, it inspired his wingmen to follow him down to the same low altitude and secure one additional sure and one probable direct hit. While returning from this highly successful mission, he shot down in flames an enemy seaplane. By his courageous leadership and example, he contributed greatly to the severe damage and destruction inflicted upon a major enemy surface force. His fortitude, coolness and skill were an inspiration to all with whom he served and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 4/20/1915 - Wenatchee, WA
Home Town: South Haven, MI
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*DOWTY, NORMAN TAYLOR
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: March 19, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Norman Taylor Dowty, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Bomber in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic Ocean on March 19, 1944. Sighting the hostile ship while participating with an accompanying fighter plane in a search flight, Lieutenant (junior grade) Dowty unhesitatingly went into action and, skillfully maneuvering his craft into position for a powerful strike, pressed home his daring, aggressive attacks at perilously low altitude in the face of intense, persistent anti-aircraft fire and accurately released depth bombs which exploded on the deck of the submarine and completely destroyed the enemy vessel. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/14/1919 - New Orleans, LA
Home Town: Natchitoches, LA

DRURY, MARTIN J.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Marblehead
Date of Action: February 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Martin J. Drury, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action during the attack on the U.S.S. Marblehead by Japanese forces on February 10, 1942. Lieutenant Commander Drury directed the work of arresting and repairing damage to the vessel, in fighting fires and assisted in the rescue of the wounded. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 11/6/1901 - Jamestown, RI
Home Town: Jamestown, RI

DUBOSE, EDWIN ANTHONY
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Commander, Motor Torpedo Boat Division
Date of Action: March & April 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edwin Anthony DuBose, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as Commander of a division of motor torpedo boats engaged in operations against enemy coastal traffic off the West Coast of Italy in March and April 1944. Lieutenant DuBose in cooperation with British Coastal Forces led his units on several night missions against enemy convoys attempting to maintain supply lines to Axis armies in the Rome, Italy area. He skillfully and with the utmost courage and determination disposed his forces on these operations to seek out the enemy and screen the main attack group from destroyer and E-boat attack. These tasks he accomplished with complete success, enabling the main force to destroy several convoys carrying vital war materials to the front lines. On all occasions he attacked with great daring and drove off all hostile forces which threatened the main body, escaping with minimum damage to himself. In the final success of the operations, he was in large measure responsible for the decisiveness of the action which resulted in the sinking of fifteen F lighters, one corvette, a tug, and the severe damaging of two destroyers.
Birth: 8/8/1917 - Hillsboro, TX
Home Town: Fort Worth, TX

DUFFEE, RAYMOND E.
Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy R
Corpsman (Attached), 2d Marine Division
Date of Action: November 20 - 22, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Raymond E. Duffee, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a hospital corpsman with a rifle company during action against enemy forces in Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, November 20 - 22, 1943. When marines attempted to reach the beach over the coral reef and were caught in intense enemy machine gun fire, Pharmacist's Mate Duffee, with courageous disregard for his own personal safety, waded into the fire-swept water to assist wounded comrades to the cover of the seawall. Approximately fifteen times he exposed himself to bring to the beach men who were incapable of helping themselves. He twice ventured some seventy-five yards inland to administer first aid and change the dressings of an officer who could not be moved from the cover of a shell hole because of numerous snipers operating in that area. Later, in the dark of the night, he led stretcher bearers back to the wounded officer and evacuated him despite intense enemy fire. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, he saved many lives. His actions throughout the operation were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 10/11/1920 - Sacramento, CA
Home Town: Sacramento, CA

DUNCAN, ROBERT WAYNE
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 5 (VF-5), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: February 16, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Wayne Duncan, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a Division Leader in Fighting Squadron Five, attached to the U.S.S. Yorktown, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Truk on February 16, 1944. After escorting an attack of torpedo and dive bombers to the target and observing twenty enemy planes approaching to attack from out of the sun, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant, Junior Grade) Duncan courageously led his division in a determined attack to destroy eight of the enemy planes, personally accounting for four. By his skilled airmanship, courage and gallant devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming fighter opposition, he contributed materially to the success of the attack and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Marion, IL

DUNLAP, ERNEST H., JR.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Nevada
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ernest H. Dunlap, Jr., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, exceptional courage, coolness and devotion to duty during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. When Ensign Dunlap found that his services in the foretop as Spotter on the U.S.S. Nevada were not required, he joined the secondary battery, supervised the manning of guns and organization of ammunition supply, and maintained an accurate fire on low flying enemy aircraft until seriously wounded by the explosion of an enemy bomb. Despite his wounded condition, he assisted with the wounded until he himself collapsed.
Birth: 5/17/1915 - Birmingham, AL
Home Town: Birmingham, AL

DURAND, ROBERT FRANK
Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Wesson
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Frank Durand, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a Medical Corpsman on board the U.S.S. Wesson in action against enemy Japanese forces north of le Shima on April 7, 1945. Suffering a severe leg wound as the result of the crash of a hostile suicide plane on his ship, Durand applied a tourniquet to his injured leg and, despite his great pain, courageously dragged himself about the vessel to care for his wounded shipmates. His gallant concern for the welfare of others and the unwavering devotion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

DYE, BILLY HUBERT
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 21 (VT-21), U.S.S. Belleau Wood
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Billy Hubert Dye, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron Twenty One, attached to the U.S.S. Belleau Wood, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle for Leyte Gulf on October 25, 1944. Braving intense antiaircraft fire to press home an attack against units of the enemy fleet, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Dye skillfully maneuvered his plane into an advantageous position to score three direct and damaging hits upon a hostile aircraft carrier. By his outstanding ability as an airman, courage and devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Dye contributed to the infliction of costly damage upon the enemy and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 10/9/1919 - Mulvane, KS
Home Town: Lincoln, NE

DYSON, HOWELL JESSE
Commander, U.S. Navy
Executive Officer, U.S.S. Bunker Hill
Date of Action: May 11, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Howell Jesse Dyson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer of the U.S.S. Bunker Hill in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa on May 11, 1945. Receiving serious wounds when his ship was struck twice during determined enemy air attacks, Commander Dyson organized and led fire fighting parties in combating a raging fire on board and continued his efforts until he collapsed from his wounds. His determination, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 3/14/1903 - Pineville, LA
Home Town: Pineville, LA

EATON JOHN M., JR.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Seaplane Patrol Squadron 21 (VP-21), Naval Air Station, Midway Island
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Eaton John M. Eaton, Jr., Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as a ground officer of Patrol Squadron 21 temporarily based at the Naval Air Station, Midway Island, during the attack by Japanese naval forces on the night of December 7, 1941. When devastating hostile gunfire damaged or destroyed several Catalina flying boats, the hangar and other installations, Ensign Eaton organized a crew of untrained civilian workmen and, without benefit of tractors and lines, ingeniously directed the launching of heavily overloaded aircraft. In the cold water of the lagoon and on a ramp which was flooded with gasoline from damaged airplanes and lighted by conflagration nearby, he valiantly and resolutely continued his work without regard for his safety until all Catalinas capable of flight had been launched. Although completely unfamiliar with aviation, Ensign Eaton, by his couragous initiative and tenacious determiantion, successfully executed this highly technical opeation and thereby undoubtedly contributed to the Japanese abandonment of their attack, consequently saving the islands from more extensive damage.
Birth: 3/26/1918 - Boston, MA
Home Town: Concord, MA

*EATON, MAXWELL A.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 41 (VS-41), U.S.S. Ranger
Date of Action: November 8, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Maxwell A. Eaton, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of an airplane in Scouting Squadron Forty-One, attached to the U.S.S. Ranger during the occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. Launching a vigorous dive-bombing raid on hostile surface units in the vicinity of Casablanca, Lieutenant (junior grade) Eaton, under a bursting hail of anti- aircraft shells, scored a direct 500-pound bomb hit on a light cruiser. On another flight, he voluntarily pressed home a daring attack which silenced an enemy shore battery in the face of terrific fire.
Birth: 3/15/1915 - Wakefield, MA
Home Town: Wakefield, MA

ECCLES, HENRY EFFINGHAM
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. John D. Edwards
Date of Action: February 19 - 20, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry Effingham Eccles, Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. John D. Edwards in action against enemy forces at Badoeng Strait, February 19 to 20, 1942.
Birth: 12/31/1898 - Bayside, NY
Home Town: Flushing, NY

EDWARDS, FREDERICK L., JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Boarding Officer, U.S.S. Eberle
Date of Action: March 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick L. Edwards, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as the Boarding Officer of the U.S.S. Eberle when an enemy blockade runner was intercepted and destroyed on March 10, 1943. When the Eberle was ordered to put a boarding party on the hostile ship, Lieutenant Edwards courageously led his party to the runner and was the first to board her. In the face of grave danger from the rapidly spreading fires and explosion of demolition charges, he made an energetic and determined effort to salvage the ship and to obtain information of the enemy. Only after several explosions had rocked the vessel and she began to sink did he dive over the stern into the sea, from which he was later rescued.
Birth: 6/17/1918 - Kinston, NC
Home Town: Kinston, NC

EDWARDS, JOHN PERRY
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Perry Edwards, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in line of his profession, extraordinary courage and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Although contact with the enemy meant almost certain destruction and despite the lack of any armament in this type plane, Ensign Edwards voluntarily piloted a JRS amphibian plane, equipped only with Springfield rifles, in search for and to obtain information of the enemy forces. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 5/15/1913 - Eureka, KS
Home Town: Paola, KS

*EISELE, GEORGE RAYMOND
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. San Francisco
Date of Action: November 12 - 13, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Raymond Eisele, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a gunner aboard the U.S.S. San Francisco during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on November 12 and 13, 1942. Courageously refusing to abandon his gun in the face of an onrushing Japanese torpedo plane, Eisele, with cool determination and utter disregard for his own personal safety, kept blazing away until the hostile craft plunged out of the sky in a flaming dive and crashed on his station. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Birth: 5/15/1923 - Gillette, WY
Home Town: Sheridan, WY

EKAR, JOSEPH ANTON
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Fleet Air Detachment, Naval Air Station, San Diego, California
Date of Action: January 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Anton Ekar, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism on January 10, 1942, as commander of the ready duty patrol plane, Fleet Air Detachment, San Diego, California. Ensign Ekar accomplished the successful rescue at sea of Captain Graham E. Benson, USMC, and Corporal C.S. Pierson, USMC, who, after a forced landing of their plane, were adrift at sea in a small aviation emergency rubber boat. When the rescue boat he directed to their aid became disabled, he skillfully and courageously landed his plane in a very unfavorable sea and took off parallel to the swells without injury to any personnel or to his plane.
Birth: 3/17/1913 - Chisholm, MN
Home Town: Chisholm, MN

ELLER, DONALD TEMPLE
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Burns
Date of Action: January 30, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Donald Temple Eller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Burns during a War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese- controlled waters. Skillfully maneuvering his vessel to strike at enemy shipping, Captain (then Commander) Eller launched a bold, aggressive attack in the face of heavy and persistent hostile countermeasures, to sink an entire Japanese convoy including one tanker, one supply ship and two smaller craft. His inspiring leadership and devotion to the fulfillment of his hazardous mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 6/28/1906 - Washington, DC
Home Town: Petersburg, VA

*ELLISON, HAROLD J.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold J. Ellison, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as pilot of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT in the 'Air Battle of Midway' against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Ellison resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 1/17/1917 - Buffalo, NY
Home Town: Buffalo, NY

*EMBREE, RALPH ARNOLD
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Scouting Squadron 41 (VS-41), U.S.S. Ranger
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ralph Arnold Embree, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Acting Squadron Commander of Scouting Squadron Forty-One, attached to the U.S.S. Ranger, during the occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. Leading five flights of planes in vigorous dive-bombing raids against hostile warships and coastal defense batteries, Lieutenant Embree, courageously pressing home his attacks in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, aided greatly in the infliction of severe damage upon the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 9/25/1914 - Kemmerer, WY
Home Town: Kemmerer, WY

EMERSON, WILLIAM SIGGINS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 19 (VB-19), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Siggins Emerson, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a Pilot with Bombing Squadron 19 embarked in U.S.S. Lexington in operations against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, Lieutenant Emerson boldly pressed home a hazardous dive-bombing attack on a Japanese aircraft carrier and accurately placing his bomb, scored a direct hit upon his target despite its desperate evasive tactics. A superb and intrepid airman, he contributed directly to the sinking of the enemy aircraft carrier and played a gallant part in strenuous aerial operations during this critical period of the Pacific War. Lieutenant Emerson's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

ENRIGHT, JOSEPH F.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Archer Fish
Date of Action: October 30 - December 15, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph F. Enright, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Archer Fish during the Fifth War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese-controlled waters in the Pacific War Area, from October 30 to December 15, 1944. Quick to act when his ship contacted a high-speed Japanese Task Force on November 28, Commander Enright commenced an all-out pursuit, maneuvering his vessel at top speed to outdistance the zigzagging enemy aircraft carrier. After six hours of determined chase, he succeeded in bringing the submarine to a favorable attack position ahead and, submerging to attack, expertly directed his ship in penetrating the escort screen. Still undetected by the enemy, he launched a full torpedo salvo against the carrier to strike the target with four torpedoes and inflict severe damage which later sank the carrier. Although counterattacked by his victim's escorts, he skillfully evaded all hostile countermeasures and brought the Archer Fish safe to port. By his courage and determination in the face of overwhelming odds, Commander Enright contributed materially to the success of his vessel in sinking the 72,000-ton Japanese carrier. His leadership and zealous devotion to duty throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 9/18/1910 - Minot, ND
Home Town: Bismarck, ND

ERSHLER, ARTHUR M.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Composite Squadron 29 (VC-29), U.S.S. Santee
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur M. Ershler, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as pilot of an airplane in Escort Scouting Squadron Twenty-Nine, attached to the U.S.S. Santee, during the occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. When his plane was badly damaged by gunfire during a raid upon a convoy of hostile trucks, Lieutenant Ershler, although severely nauseated by escaping gasoline fumes, gamely continued his flight to an enemy airdrome where he damaged several planes by strafing and scored a direct bomb hit on a hangar.
Birth: 10/20/1910 - Saugerties, NY
Home Town: Hudson, NY

ESDERS, WILHELM G.
Chief Aviation Pilot, U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 3 (VT-3), U.S.S. Yorktown
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Wilhelm G. Esders, Chief Aviation Pilot, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as pilot of an airplane of Torpedo Squadron Three in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of Midway on June 4, 1942. During participation in a torpedo plane assault on Japanese naval units, Ensign Esders, observing his Squadron Commander crash in flames, gallantly took the lead of the squadron and pressed home the attack to a point where it became relatively certain that the successful accomplishment of his mission would entail a great loss of life. Nevertheless, by his courageous initiative and aggressive leadership, he enabled his squadron to reach its objective and score several hits on enemy aircraft carriers. His loyal devotion to duty and utter disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 10/11/1914 - St. Joseph, MO
Home Town: Pensacola, FL

ETCHELL, GEORGE DANIEL
Chief Steamfitter, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Nevada
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Daniel Etchell, Chief Steamfitter, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in line of his profession, extraordinary courage and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. While handling fires, flooding and damage control, Chief Steamfitter Etchell was ordered to determine whether a forward magazine group on his battleship, U.S.S. Nevada, had been flooded. He unhesitatingly risked his life passing through hot water more than waist deep and heavy smoke in order to obtain the information. In this area he came upon an unconscious shipmate whome he carried to safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 4/2/1898 - New York, NY
Home Town: New York, NY

ETTINGER, RALPH D.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Patrol-Bombing Squadron 121 (VPB-121),
Date of Action: August 3, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ralph D. Ettinger, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as Patrol Plane Commander of a Navy Patrol Bomber over the Japanese coast on August 3, 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

EUBANK, JAMES V., JR.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy R
Naval Beach Battalion,
Date of Action: September 9 - 26, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James V. Eubank, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commander of a Naval Beach Battalion during the amphibious assault on the West Coast of Italy in September 1943. During the first phases of the assault, Commander (then Lieutenant Commander) Eubank successfully established the battalion under his command on the beaches in the Gulf of Salerno and, skillfully organizing divisional beach activities, made complete and meticulous preparations for the expeditious disembarkation of the assault troops. Fearlessly directing beach operations under fierce enemy aerial and ground attack, he provided a steady flow of urgent supplies and equipment in support of our invasion forces during the critical maintenance period.
Birth: 8/19/1910 - Lewisetta, VA
Home Town: Coral Gables, FL

*EVANS, WILLIAM ROBINSON, JR.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Robinson Evans, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as pilot of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT in the 'Air Battle of Midway' against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Evans resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 8/11/1918 - Indianapolis, IN
Home Town: Indianapolis, IN

FARRINGTON, ROBERT F.
(First Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 2 (VT-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert F. Farrington, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/12/1914 - Yonkers, NY
Home Town: Watertown, NY
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

FEENEY, JOSEPH
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Commander of the Armed Guard, S.S. Cities Service Missouri
Date of Action: March 12, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Feeney, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and outstanding devotion to duty while serving as Commander of the Armed Guard Crew aboard the tanker S.S. Cities Service Missouri when that ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Caribbean Sea on the night of March 12, 1943. Proceeding aft to take his station with the gun crew after the first torpedo had struck the vessel, Lieutenant (junior grade) Feeney was suddenly hurled into the air by the force of a second torpedo hit and was severely injured. Despite the incapacitating effect of this injury, and with heroic courage, Lieutenant (junior grade) Feeney dragged himself to the bridge, where he manned the phones to the battery and continued directing the fire of the gun until the crew reported that the ammunition had been rendered ineffectual by water, and the order to abandon ship was given.
Birth: 5/28/1909 - Scranton, PA
Home Town: Scranton, PA

FENNO, FRANK WESLEY, JR.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Trout
Date of Action: January 12 - March 3, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank Wesley Fenno, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility, as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Trout, in successfully completing an unusual and special mission through enemy controlled waters for the United States War Department during the month of January 1942. Upon completion of this mission, and while returning to Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, through enemy infested waters , with a special cargo on board, the U.S.S. Trout attacked and sank a 5000 ton enemy merchant vessel on February 10, 1942. Furthermore, on the same date, upon being attacked by torpedoes from an enemy patrol vessel, the U.S.S. Trout attacked and sank the enemy attacking ship, and continued her voyage to Pearl Harbor, arriving there without damage to material or injury to personnel throughout the hazardous operations.
Birth: 9/11/1902 - Westminster, MA
Home Town: Westminster, MA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII), Distingusihed Service Cross (WWII)

FERGUSON, JOHN N., JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Executive Officer, U.S.S. Dallas
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John N. Ferguson, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Executive Officer and Navigator of the U.S.S. Dallas during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 - 11, 1942. While under fire of hostile artillery, Lieutenant Ferguson coolly and efficiently navigated the Dallas across a treacherous bar through heavy surf and mud into the shallow Sebou River where our Army raider troops, supported by gunfire from the ship, captured the Port Lyautey airfield.
Birth: 9/17/1912 - Newport, RI
Home Town: Waynesville, NC

FISHER, ELLIS JAY
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: December 31, 1943 - February 13, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ellis Jay Fisher, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a PBY-5 aircraft during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Bismarck Sea, from December 31, 1943 to February 13, 1944. Engaging in numerous armed reconnaissance missions against Japanese shipping, Lieutenant Commander (then Lieutenant) Fisher gallantly participated in many attacks on heavily escorted enemy convoys, sinking a large merchant vessel, a large tanker and five motor launches, inflicting heavy damage on an escort vessel, a large tanker and a large merchant vessel, probably destroying an armed enemy vessel and a midget submarine and, thereby contributing greatly to the destruction of enemy shipping. His professional skill, cool courage and unwavering devotion to duty which enabled him to complete his mission successfully, reflected the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Fisher and the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 7/5/1916 - Roseville, CA
Home Town: Roseville, CA

*FISLER, FRANK MOORE
Ensign, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: December 30, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank Moore Fisler, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary courage and heroic conduct as first pilot of a navy seaplane, Ensign Fisler, against insurmountable odds, rescued nine army fliers (including an officer) of an Army plane that had been forced down far from Oahu during combat. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 9/4/1916 - Bladen County, NC
Home Town: Pensacola, FL

FLEMING, WILLIAM SLOAN
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. California
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Sloan Fleming, Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for devotion to duty and extraordinary coolness while serving as gun captain on a battleship during the Japanese attack on the Fleet at Pearl harbor, Territory of Hawaii, December 7, 1941. Although injured, Boatswain's Mate First Class Fleming kept at his post as gun captain, directing his crew in such a cool and outstanding manner that it inspired confidence in the men about him. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 3/28/1916 - Artesia, MS
Home Town: Seattle, WA

FLETCHER, CHARLES BINFORD
Yeoman Second Class, U.S. Navy R
LCI (L) 5
Date of Action: July 10, 1943
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Binford Fletcher, Yeoman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action against enemy forces while attached to the LCI (L) 5 during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily, July 1943. Determining the depth over sand bars by swimming toward the beach within hazardous range of hostile guns ashore, Fletcher located a suitable beaching point for disembarking our attack troops. Upon completing this dangerous task and observing several soldiers perilously close to drowning, he risked his life under an unrelenting shower of deadly machine-gun bullets to swim through extremely heavy surf and bring the helpless men to safety. Through his courageous efforts and heroic endurance in the face of withering fire, he was able to accomplish the successful rescue of the soldiers who otherwise might have perished.
Birth: 8/20/1921 - Alderson, WV
Home Town: Alderson, WV

FORSYTHE, ABE, JR.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Composite Squadron 76 (VC-76), U.S.S. Petroff Bay
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Abe Forsythe, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for distinguishing himself by extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession. While based on the U.S.S. Petrof Bay, on 25 October 1944, Lieutenant Forsythe participated in the first strike of the day on the enemy task force off the coast of Samar, Philippine Islands. Forsythe executed bold straffing attacks in the face of intense antiaircraft fire in a desperate attempt to render aid to our own CVEs which were being shelled by the Jap ships. Although he knew that his .50 caliber guns could do little damage to the armor of the capital ships, he made his runs with courage and audacity. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest trtaditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 12/9/1917 - Huntington, WV
Home Town: Huntington, WV

*FOX, DOUGLAS H.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Barton
Date of Action: November 12 - 13, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Douglas H. Fox, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession during action with enemy forces on the night of 12 - 13 November 1942, on which occasion the force to which he was attached engaged in close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force. His daring and determination contributed materially to the victory which prevented the enemy from accomplishing their purpose. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 3/26/1905 - Walled Lake, MI
Home Town: San Francisco, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

*FOX, DOUGLAS H.
(First Award)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Barton
Date of Action: October 26, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Douglas H. Fox, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the USS Barton during action against enemy Japanese forces near Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942 and during arduous task of locating and rescuing survivors of damaged aircraft near French Reef, New Caledonia, on 30 October 1942. While under intense and prolonged aerial bombardment, Lieutenant Commander Fox, with superior judgment and expert seamanship, maneuvered his ship to effect the rescue of 250 survivors from the (later identified) Aircraft Carrier Hornet. Four days later, under extreme darkness and adverse weather conations, he brought the Barton into the vicinity of dangerous reefs and despite imminent threat of hostile submarine attacks, picked up stranded crews and passengers from four large patrol planes, without loss of personnel. His brilliant leadership and courageous initiative were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 3/26/1905 - Walled Lake, MI
Home Town: San Francisco, CA
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

FREEMAN, WILLIAM REYNOLDS
(First Award)
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cherokee
Date of Action: November 9, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Reynolds Freeman, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. Cherokee during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. Dallas could navigate up the Sebou River, Freeman and his shipmates, on the night of November 9, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Freeman and the other members of his party, in spite of the enormous breakers which battered their boat, brought her back to safety.
Birth: 9/7/1915 - Chicago, IL
Home Town: Lake Bluff, IL
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

FURNEY, MAYNARD MELVON
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Fighting Squadron 41 (VF-41), U.S.S. Ranger
Date of Action: November 8 - 11, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Maynard Melvon Furney, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a Section Leader of Fighting Squadron Forty-One, attached to the U.S.S. Ranger, during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. Through intense enemy anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Furney, on November 8, led a section of an eighteen-plane flight in a destructive attack on the Gazes airdrome. With courage and skill he provided cover for other units of the flight and, when our planes were attacked, he unhesitatingly engaged the hostile fighter craft, outmaneuvering and sending two down in flames. In the subsequent six flights in which he participated during the following two days, Lieutenant Furney, in addition to bombing and strafing shore batteries at El Hank, also led his four-plane section in strafing two submarines and patrolling over the Ranger and transports at Fedala.
Birth: 11/29/1915 - Alta Vista, KS
Home Town: Manhattan, KS

GAVIN, THOMAS P.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R

Date of Action: July 18, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas P. Gavin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for actions in an attack on the enemy battleship Nagato at Yokosuka Naval Base on July 18, 1945. A pilot of a carrier based dive bomber, Lieutenant Gavin deliberately carried his bomb to a low release point, thereby causing extensive damage to the ship. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GAY, GEORGE HENRY, JR.
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George Henry Gay, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as a pilot of Torpedo Squadron Eight in the 'Air Battle of Midway', against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Gay, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 3/8/1917 - Waco, TX
Home Town: Houston, TX

GAYLER, NOEL A. M.
(Second Award)
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Fighting Squadron 2 (VT-2), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: March 10, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Noel A.M. Gayler, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot when, on March 10, 1942, in enemy waters, he pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 12/25/1913 - Birmingham, AL
Home Town: Bremerton, WA
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Cross w/2d Gold Star (WWII)

GEHRES, LESLIE EDWARD
Captain, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Franklin
Date of Action: March 19, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Leslie Edward Gehres, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commanding Officer of an aircraft carrier on 19 March 1945 when his ship was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar. Although handicapped by severe damage to his ship's fire-fighting equipment and communications system, he displayed outstanding resourcefulness in directing the measures which eventually brought the fires under control, got power back to his ship, and enabled her to be withdrawn from a position close aboard a hostile coast. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 1/13/1896 - Newark, NJ
Home Town: La Mesa, CA

GENTILE, ERNEST JOHN
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Cherokee
Date of Action: November 9, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ernest John Gentile, Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. Cherokee during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. Dallas could navigate up the Sebou River, Gentile and his shipmates, on the night of November 9, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Gentile and the other members of his party, in spite of the enormous breakers which battered their boat, brought her back to safety.
Birth: 11/16/1909 - Boston, MA
Home Town: Leominster, MA

GERMERSHAUSEN, WILLIAM JOSEPH, JR.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Spadefish
Date of Action: May 27 - July 4, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Joseph Germershausen, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Spadefish during the Fifth War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese controlled waters near the Western Honshu coast from 27 May to 4 July, 1945. Commander Germershausen directed his vessel deep into shallow water of an enemy harbor to launch torpedo and gun attacks which resulted in the sinking of six hostile ships and four small craft for a total of 26,050 tons. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 7/28/1911 - Baltimore, MD
Home Town: San Jose, CA

GIBSON, ROBERT DOUGLAS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 10 (VB-10), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: November 14 & 15, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Douglas Gibson, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Bombing Pilot of the U.S.S. Enterprise during the engagement with enemy Japanese Naval and air forces in the Solomon Islands Area on November 14 and 15, 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, Lieutenant (junior grade) Gibson made, and skillfully developed, contact with a large force of enemy cruisers and destroyers. Attacking a Nachi-class heavy cruiser and several enemy transports, he scored a direct hit on the cruiser and on a transport. After his plane had destroyed one Zero-type fighter and hit another, he brought his ship gallantly through the engagement, although badly damaged by enemy fire. The next day, returning to attack a beached Japanese transport, he bombed and exploded it. His remarkable courage, expert skill and fearless devotion to duty were an inspiration to his men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 10/23/1919 - Unionville, MO
Home Town: Unionville, MO

GILCHREST, DEXTER STUART
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 23 (VT-23), U.S.S. Langley
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Dexter Stuart Gilchrest, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Bomber in Torpedo Squadron Twenty Three, attached to the U.S.S. Langley, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kyushu on April 7, 1945. Participating in a strike on major units of the Japanese fleet despite adverse weather conditions and hostile antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Junior Grade, (then Ensign) Gilchrest attacked a light cruiser, scoring a direct torpedo hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His airmanship, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GILREATH, JOHN FRANKLIN
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Torpedo Squadron 82 (VT-82), U.S.S. Bennington
Date of Action: April 7, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Franklin Gilreath, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron Eighty Two, attached to the U.S.S. Bennington, in action against enemy Japanese forces off Kyushu, Japan, April 7, 1945. Participating in a coordinated strike on an enemy cruiser, Lieutenant (then Lieutenant, Junior Grade,) Gilreath braved an intense barrage of antiaircraft fire to press home a determined attack and, by his courage and airmanship, contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the hostile craft. His aggressive fighting spirit and devotion to the completion of a perilous assignment were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GIMBER, C. F.
Ensign, U.S. Navy

Date of Action: December 30, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to C. F. Gimber, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary courage and heroic conduct as second pilot of a navy seaplane whose crew and officers, against insurmountable odds, rescued nine army flyers (including one officer) of an army plane that had been forced down to sea during combat far from Oahu.

GOMBASY, LOUIS G.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Nevada
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Louis G. Gombasy, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for initiative and extraordinary courage during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, December 7, 1941. When Seaman Gombasy heard a bomb strike the deck of the battleship U.S.S. Nevada on which he was stationed, he left his station in a turret to assist in clearing mooring lines tha the vessel might get underway. Wounded, he continued to clear lines, help other injured personnel and fight fires.
Birth: 10/17/1919 - Detroit, MI
Home Town: Detroit, MI

GOOD, WILLIAM THOMAS
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Bombing Squadron 16 (VB-16), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Thomas Good, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a pilot in Bombing Squadron Sixteen, attached to the U.S.S. Lexington, in operations against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile antiaircraft batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Good boldly pressed home a hazardous dive-bombing attack on a Japanese aircraft carrier and, accurately placing his bomb, scored a direct hit upon his target, despite its desperate evasive tactics. A superb and intrepid airman, he contributed directly to the sinking of the enemy aircraft carrier and played a gallant part in strenuous aerial operations during this critical period of the Pacific War. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant (j.g.) Good and the United States Naval Service.

GRAHAM, DONALD A.
Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Arizona
Date of Action: December 7, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Donald A. Graham, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for initiative, extraordinary courage and coolness during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, December 7, 1941. Although his shipmates were leaving the blazing U.S.S. Arizona, on his own initiative Aviation Machinist Mate First Class Graham faced the intense fire on the deck, severe bombing and withering machine gun fire of enemy strafing planes to release lines connecting the battleship with a repair vessel, U.S.S. Vestal, thus aiding the latter in getting underway.
Birth: 6/17/1900 - Scranton, PA
Home Town: Scranton, PA

GRANT, JAMES DORR
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. R-1
Date of Action: April 16, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James Dorr Grant, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action. On the morning of April 16, 1942, the U.S.S. R-1 was conducting a patrol submerged when the Officer of the Deck sighted an enemy submarine on the surface. Lieutenant Grant, as soon as this report was made to him, immediately ordered his crew to battle stations, and pressed home a torpedo attack. He executed this expeditious attack with such splendid judgment and outstanding skill that a torpedo hit was scored and the enemy submarine was sunk 8 minutes after it was sighted.

*GRAY, JOHN PORTER
Ensign, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8), U.S.S. Hornet
Date of Action: June 4, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Porter Gray, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service beyond the call of duty as pilot of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT in the 'Air Battle of Midway' against enemy Japanese forces on June 4, 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Gray resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Columbia, MO

GREELY, JOSEPH
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy R
U.S.S. Brant
Date of Action: November 9, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph Greely, Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. Brant during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. Dallas could navigate up the Sebou River, Greely and his shipmates, on the night of November 9, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Greely and the other members of his party, in spite of enormous breakers which battered their boat and washed one of the machine guns overboard, finally brought her back to safety.

*GREENE, EUGENE ALLEN
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Bombing Squadron 6 (VB-6), U.S.S. Enterprise
Date of Action: June 4 - 6, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Eugene Allen Greene, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as pilot of an airplane of Bombing Squadron Six in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of Midway, June 4 - 6, 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Ensign Greene, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Queens Village, L.I., NY

GREER, HARRY HOLT, JR.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Seahorse
Date of Action: March 9 - April 27, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry Holt Greer, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Searhorse, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific War Area from March 9 to April 27, 1945. Notwithstanding the constant danger of detection, aerial bombing, rocks and shoals, Commander Greer completed an important special mission close in-shore and despite severe enemy countermeasures and damaged from prolonged depth charging, brought his ship safe to port. By his leadership, courage and devotion to duty, he contributed materially to the success of the Seventh War Patrol of the Seahorse and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Birth: 2/14/1911 - Pittsburgh, PA
Home Town: South Pasadena, CA

GREGG, MAX EUGENE
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy R
Torpedo Squadron 19 (VT-19), U.S.S. Lexington
Date of Action: October 25, 1944
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Max Eugene Gregg, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Pilot of a Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron Nineteen, attached to the U.S.S. Lexington, in action against the enemy Japanese forces during the battle for Leyte Gulf, October 25, 1944. Participating in a vigorous strike mission against major units of the Japanese Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant Commander (then Lieutenant) Gregg gallantly plunged through the enemy's intense antiaircraft fire and scored a direct torpedo hit upon a hostile aircraft carrier, contributing materially to her subsequent sinking. Although seriously wounded by enemy fire, he expertly maneuvered his craft and returned her and his aircrewman safe to the carrier. By his brilliant airmanship, indomitable courage and daring tactics, Lieutenant Commander Gregg was instrumental in achieving a victory over the Japanese forces during this battle. His dauntless fighting spirit and unswerving devotion to duty throughout a period of intense aerial activity reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.

GRENFELL, ELTON WATTERS
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Gudgeon
Date of Action: December 11, 1941 - January 29, 1942
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Elton Watters Grenfell, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service while engaged in hazardous submarine patrol duties in own and enemy waters. Lieutenant Commander Grenfell commanded his crew and ship to successfully attack and destroy enemy ships. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Birth: 11/6/1903 - Fall River, MA
Home Town: Fall River, MA

GRUVER, HARRY L.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy R
Commanding Officer, LCI(G) 346, LCI (G) Group Eight
Date of Action: February 17, 1945
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry L. Gruver, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of LCI(G) 346, attached to LCI (G) Group Eight, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on February 17, 1945. Ordered into the field of enemy fire after several gunboats in his task force had been severely damaged, Lieutenant, Jr. Grade, Gruver boldly defied the deadly rain of heavy shells bursting on all sides to close range and bring the 346 in position to render assistance to the stricken ships. Undated as the furious barrage laid down by powerful Japanese shore batteries continued unabated, he coolly directed his vessel in rescue operations and greatly assisted in the salvage of several badly battered ships. By his forceful leadership, indomitable determination and resourceful initiative in the face of shattering enemy fire, Lieutenant, Jr. Grade, Gruver contributed materially to the success of this extremely hazardous mission and his great personal valor throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

 

 

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