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1990s


The 1990s refers to the years 1990 to 1999; the last decade of the 20th Century. The 90s were marked with rapid progression of globalization and global capitalism following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Key forces shaping the decade were the Gulf War; popularization of Personal Computer and Internet leading to the dot.com boom.

Events and trends


While optimism and hopes were high following the collapse of Communism, the backlash of the Cold War's effect was only beginning, precipitating the continuation of terrorism in Third World regions that were once the frontlines for American and Soviet foreign politics, particularly in Asia. However, during the 1990s many First World economies such as the United States, Canada, Ireland, Australia, and South Korea experienced steady economic growth for nearly the entire decade. The United Kingdom, after the recession of 1991-92 and Black Wednesday, experienced a run of 51 consecutive quarters of economic growth that stretched into the new millenium. Even less affluent nations such as Malaysia saw tremendous improvements in economic prosperity and quality of life during the 1990s. Many countries, institutions, companies, and organizations also viewed the 90s decade as "a prosperous time", meaning that almost all of them rebounded after many years of failure. Some examples include Apple Computer's revival of power after being at the edge of bankruptcy, breakthroughs in many fields of technology that includes the Internet, virtual reality. Oil and Gas was discovered in many countries and Pope John Paul II's papacy reached its peak.Nevertheless, the 1990s brought tragic conflicts as well, like the Balkan Wars, the Rwandan genocide, the Battle of Mogadishu in Somalia and the first Gulf War.

Criticism/Backlash of the Decade

Despite denials from various sociologists and media pundits, some feel that the 90s were an era of increasing materialism and growing hypocrisy continued from the 1980s. In general it could still be said that the mindset of the 1980s and 1990s were more or less the same. The 1990s are also widely critized for their controversial pop culture obsessed with gore, sex, violence, and language, along with the 2000s to a somewhat lesser extent. The 1990s nonetheless have a very positive receiving into the 2000s and are still considered quite "modern" even as of 2006, with many genres of media from the decade still being quite cool among youth during the 2000s as no great revolutions in pop culture have occurred for some time and only moderate backlash of the decade itself has yet occurred. Also, while not a criticism of the decade per se, some people see the 1990s as the beginning of the 21st Century rather than the end of the 20th Century in an abstract sense based on the fact that the Cold War, a definitive phoenomenon of the 20th Century, was over by about 1991 and the tech boom began to take off a couple years after, and very 21st Century events such as the rise of the Internet and other information technologies and the expansion of Islamic terrorism began to become prominent in the 1990s.

Technology


WWW]]

Hubble Space Telescope]]

Gulf War]]
Rwandan genocide]]

Oklahoma City Bombing]]



World leaders

Seinfeld]]
Jim Carrey as Ace Ventura]]
Mariah Carey'''#1's''' (1998)]]

''See also'': 1990s in film
*''Aladdin'' (1992)

* ''Pulp Fiction'' (1994)



Books & Literature

''See also'' : 1990s Books* The Bridges of Madison County, by Robert James Waller* Chicken Soup for the Soul, by Jack Canfield and Mark Victor Hansen

''See also'': 1990s in sports
; American Football :
: Troy Aikman
: Terrell Davis
: John Elway
: Brett Favre
: Jim Kelly
: Dan Marino
: Joe Montana
: Jerry Rice
: Bruce Smith
: Emmitt Smith
: Barry Sanders
: Reggie White
: Steve Young; Athletics :
: Sergey Bubka
: Linford Christie
: Haile Gebrselassie
: Hicham El Guerrouj
: Michael Johnson ; Australian Rules Football :
: Tony Lockett ; Baseball :
: Roger Clemens
: Derek Jeter
: Greg Maddux
: Mark McGwire
: Cal Ripken Jr
: Sammy Sosa
: Larry Walker ; Basketball :
: Charles Barkley
: Larry Bird
: Kobe Bryant
: Tim Duncan
: Kevin Garnett
: Allen Iverson
: Michael Jordan
: Karl Malone
: Shaquille O'Neal
: Scottie Pippen
: David Robinson
: Dennis Rodman
: John Stockton; Boxing :
: Oscar De La Hoya
: George Foreman
: Evander Holyfield
: Mike Tyson; Cricket :
: Curtly Ambrose
: Allan Donald
: Ian Healy
: Brian Lara
: Glenn McGrath
: Muttiah Muralitharan
: Mark Taylor
: Sachin Tendulkar
: Courtney Walsh
: Shane Warne
: Steve Waugh ; Cycling :
: Marco Pantani
: Lance Armstrong
: Miguel Induráin ; Football (soccer):
: Dennis Bergkamp
: Ryan Giggs
: Oliver Kahn
: Jurgen Klinsmann
: Paolo Maldini
: Ronaldo
: Alan Shearer
: George Weah
: Zinedine Zidane; Golf :
: Tiger Woods ; Ice Hockey :
: Wayne Gretzky ; Motor Sport :
: Dale Earnhardt
: Jeff Gordon
: Michael Schumacher
: Ayrton Senna ; Rowing
: Steve Redgrave
: Matthew Pinsent; Rugby Union :
: Jonah Lomu; Rugby League :
: Andrew Johns
: Brad Fittler; Skating :
: Michelle Kwan
: Nancy Kerrigan; Alpine Skiing :
: Alberto Tomba; Nordic Skiing :
: Bjørn Dæhlie; Tennis :
: Andre Agassi
: Jennifer Capriati
: Steffi Graf
: Martina Hingis
: Anna Kournikova
: Pete Sampras
: Monica Seleš
: Serena Williams