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Conventional long form: Kingdom of Lesotho
Conventional short form: Lesotho (formerly known as Basotuland)
Districts: Berea, Butha-Buthe, Leribe, Mafeteng, Maseru,
National Motto: Khotso, Pula, Nala (Peace, Rain and Prosperity)
Area: 30,355 sq.km (11,718 sq.mi.) about the size of the State of Maryland or Belgium
Location: Situated between latitudes 28º and 31º South and Longitudes 27º and 30º East
Topography: High veld, plateau and mountains
Climate: Temperate; hot summers (about 32 Cº/ Fº 90) and cool to cold winter-snowfall in the highlands (about –7 Cº/ Fº20)
Population: 2.1million (2001 estimates)
Nationality: Mosotho (singular) Basotho (plural)
Languages: Sesotho and English
Religions: Predominantly Christian comprised of Roman Catholic, Anglican, Evangelical, and other denominations. Indigenous believes are still widely practiced.
Type of Government: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: His Majesty King Letsie III
Head of Government: The Right Honourable the Prime Minister, Mr. Pakalitha B. Mosisili
Legislative: Bicameral parliament, Senate (33 members) National Assembly (120 members)
Election model: Mixed Member Proportion
Suffrage age: 18 years
Main Exports: Labour and water to the Republic of South Africa, textiles, footwear, to the United States, European Union and Canada, wool and mohair products.
Main Imports: Automobiles, Machinery, Building Material, Fuel, Medicine, corn and other foodstuffs.
Agriculture: Mostly subsistence farming; corn, wheat, sorghum, barley, beans, peas, potatoes, pumpkins, vegetables, fruit trees,
Livestock: Cattle, sheep, goats, (wool and mohair) horses and donkeys
Measurement System: Metric
Voltage 220 – 240 volts
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