{{Infobox Celebrity | name = Crystal Gail Mangum | image = | caption = Crystal Gail Mangum | birth_date = 1978 | birth_place = Durham,_North_Carolina United_States | death_date = | death_place = | occupation = Stripper, Student | salary = | networth = | spouse = | children = 2 | website = | footnotes = }} '''Crystal Gail Mangum''' (born 1978) is an African-American woman known for her accusation that three Duke_University lacrosse players raped her in March 2006.{{cite web | title=kirkosborn.com | work=Legal documents released by the defense attorney Kirk Osborn | url=http://www.kirkosborn.com/Motions/MotiontoSuppressPhotos.pdf | accessdate=1 July | accessyear=2006}} She previously served in the United_States_Navy and is a single mother of two. At the time of her accusations, she was working as a stripper for the Allure Escort Service{{cite web | title=WRAL.com | work=Lacrosse Team Defense Attorneys Speak Out About Rape Allegations | author=Julia Lewis et.al. | publisher=WRAL | url=http://www.wral.com/news/8370290/detail.html}}{{cite web | title="ABC News" || work="Duke Lacrosse Scandal Sheds New Light on the Stripper Industry: A Campus Trend?" | url=http://abcnews.go.com/US/LegalCenter/story?id=1882072&page;=1 | accessdate=4 November | accessyear=2006}} in Durham,_North_Carolina, and was attending North_Carolina_Central_University. She is reportedly a petite, soft-spoken woman who is "described by friends as a caring mother and a hard worker" {{cite web | title=newsobserver.com | work=Mother, dancer, accuser - Duke scandal peels back layers of Durham woman's identity |author=Samiha Khanna | publisher=The_News_&_Observer | url=http://www.newsobserver.com/102/story/429338.html | accessdate=16 April | accessyear=2006}} ==Duke scandal== {{main|2006 Duke University lacrosse team scandal}} In March 2006, Mangum and another female, Kim Roberts, were hired to perform as exotic dancers at a house in Durham. The residence was rented at the time by three members of the Duke University Lacrosse team.Khanna, Samiha & Blythe, Anne. "Dancer gives details of ordeal". ''The_News_&_Observer''. 25 March 2006. Duke University purchased the property prior to the rape allegations.Eaglin, Adam. Duke to sell 5 off-East houses. ''The Chronicle''. 1 June 2006. After being involuntarily committed to the Durham Access Center (a mental health and substance abuse facility) later that night, she told somebody for the first time that she was raped by three members of Duke_University's men's Lacrosse team.Defense motion seeks more reports in Duke lacrosse case. ''The News & Observer.'' 31 August 2006.Lacrosse players' defense: Documents being withheld. ''The Herald Sun.'' 1 Sept 2006. The investigation has led to the indictment of three members of the lacrosse team. David EvansBeard, Aaron. "3rd Member of Duke Lacrosse Team Indicted". ''Associated_Press''. 15 May 2006, Reade Seligmann, and Collin Finnerty have been charged with first degree forcible Rape, first degree sexual offense, and Kidnapping. Duke's nationally ranked lacrosse team's season was suspended for the rest of the season as a result. The event has drawn national attention and highlighted racial tensions in the local North_Carolina community. It has also led to intense criticism of the District_attorney in the case, Michael_Nifong. On 16_April 2006, Jesse_Jackson promised to pay for the rest of her tuition regardless of the outcome of this case.{{cite web | title=charlotte.com | work=Tuition offered in Duke case | author=Associated Press | publisher=The_Charlotte_Observer | url=http://www.charlotte.com/mld/observer/news/local/14354320.htm | date=16_April 2006 |accessdate=2006-10-10}}Listing of accuser and lacrosse team roster On 21_April 2006, the talk show host Tom_Leykis learned the name of the accuser and announced it on his radio show.{{cite news | author=Leykis, Tom | title=The Tom Leykis Show | publisher=Westwood One Studios | date=21_April 2006}} ==Education & military background== *Associate's Degree, Durham_Technical_Community_College{{cite web | title=washingtonpost.com | work=Rape Case Is Seen as Symbol at Black College in N.C. | author=Anne Hull | publisher=The_Washington_Post | url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/06/AR2006050601359_pf.html | accessdate=31 October | accessyear=2006}} *Coursework in Police Psychology, North_Carolina_Central_University *Radio Operator & Navigator, United_States_Navy **Mangum enlisted in the fall of 1996 for two years of active duty with six additional years in the reserves. She began her duty in the summer of 1997, but was discharged in 1998. The U.S. Navy has not released the reason for this discharge ==Criminal history and credibility== Lawyers for the Duke lacrosse players have said that she was intoxicated and possibly on drugs. "Alleged Duke Rape Victim Wants Her Life Back". ''ABC_News''. 19 April 2006. Defense attorney Bill Thomas urged her to retract her statement, saying that the rape allegations were concocted merely to avoid a charge of public drunkenness. The Duke defense lawyers or media reports have said that: *DNA results showed that it appeared Mangum had sex with a man who was not a Duke lacrosse player. Attorney Joseph Cheshire said the tests indicated DNA from a "single male source" came from a vaginal swab taken from the accuser. It has been reported that this DNA is from her boyfriend."Defense: 2nd DNA Tests Show No Conclusive Link to Lacrosse Players". ''Associated_Press''. 13 May 2006. *She was convicted of stealing a car and sentenced to the weekends in detention. In 2002, she stole a taxi from a man to whom she was giving a lap dance. A high speed chase then ensued, and when the deputy chasing her approached the stolen taxi on foot, she tried to run him over. She pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges of larceny, speeding to elude arrest, assault on a government official and driving while impaired."Duke lacrosse players' attorneys step up defense". ''ESPN''. 9 April 2006.Criminal record *She had made a similar claim in the past which she did not pursue. On 18_August 1996, Mangum accused three black males of having raped her in June 1993Nicolet, Benjamin; Khanna, Samiha; and Biesecker, Michael {{cite news |url=http://www.newsobserver.com/1185/story/434044.html | title=Report involved abuse at age 14 | publisher=The News and Observer | date=29_April 2006 | accessdate=7 July | accessyear=2006}}. The officer who took the woman's report 10 years ago asked her to write a detailed timeline of the night's events and bring the account back to the police, but she did not pursue the matter further. Mueller, Jared. Rotberg, Emily. "Dancer made prior allegation". ''The Chronicle''. 1 May, 2006. The three black males were never charged with a crime, and relatives of Mangum have said that she didn't pursue the matter because of safety concerns.Accuser claimed she was raped in 1996 report. ''ESPN.'' 28 April 2006. Currently her father says that no sexual assault took place in 1993; according to her fiance', however, Mangum never told her father about the incident, meaning that he would have had no knowledge of it. *The accuser told authorities that in 1998, her husband threatened to kill her. However, she did not appear at the court hearing and thus the charges were dropped. Fausset, Richard. "Duke Student's Lawyers Want D.A. off Case". ''The_Los_Angeles_Times''. 2 May 2006. *Despite returning to work at a local strip club ten days after the event, she claimed severe pain and requested narcotic pain killers from a local hospital {{cite news | url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/03/us/03duke.html?_r=1&ref;=us&oref;=slogin | title="Duke Rape Accuser Was at Work 10 Days Later, Club Owner Says" | publisher=NY_Times | date=3_November 2006}} 60_Minutes has video of her performing at the strip club during this time, and the manager claims she "consistently performed her routine normally."{{cite news | url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/10/11/60minutes/main2082140.shtml | title="60 Minutes" | publisher=CBS date=15_October 2006 | accessdate=2006-10-15}} ==Notes==
{{Persondata |NAME=Mangum, Crystal Gail |SHORT DESCRIPTION=Rape accuser |DATE OF BIRTH=1978 |PLACE OF BIRTH=Durham, North Carolina |DATE OF DEATH= |PLACE OF DEATH= }} Mangum, Crystal Gail Mangum, Crystal Gail Mangum, Crystal Gail