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Crystal Gail Mangum

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Crystal Gail Mangum (born 1978) accused three Duke University lacrosse players of raping her in March 2006.[1] She previously served in the United States Navy and is a single mother of two. At the time of her accusations, she was working as a stripper for the Allure Escort Service[2] in Durham, North Carolina, and was attending North Carolina Central University. As of early 2006, Mangum was majoring in Police Psychology at NCCU and had a GPA of 3.0.[3] She is reportedly a petite, soft-spoken woman who is "described by friends as a caring mother and a hard worker...[S]he also is a serious student."[4]

Contents

Early accusations

In 1996, at the encouragement of her fiancé Kenneth McNeil, Mangum accused three black males of having raped her in 1993[5]. The three black males were never charged with a crime, and relatives of Mangum have said that she didn't pursue the matter because of safety concerns.[6] Currently her father says that no sexual assault took place in 1993; according to McNeil, however, Mangum never told her father about the incident, meaning that he would have had no knowledge of it.[4]

Mangum enlisted in the U.S. Navy in the fall of 1996 for two years of active duty with six additional years in the reserves. She began her duty in the summer of 1997, but was discharged in 1998.[4]

Criminal history and credibility of Mangum

Lawyers for the Duke lacrosse players have said that she was intoxicated and possibly on drugs. [7] Defense attorney Bill Thomas urged her to retract her statement, saying that the rape allegations were concocted merely to avoid a charge of public drunkenness. The Duke defense lawyers or media reports have said that:

  • DNA results showed that it appeared Mangum had sex with a man who was not a Duke lacrosse player. Attorney Joseph Cheshire said the tests indicated DNA from a "single male source" came from a vaginal swab taken from the accuser. It has been reported that this DNA is from her boyfriend.[8]
  • She was convicted of stealing a car and sentenced to the weekends in detention. (In 2002, she stole a taxi from a man to whom she was giving a lap dance. A high speed chase then ensued, and when the deputy chasing her approached the stolen taxi on foot, she tried to run him over. She pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges of larceny, speeding to elude arrest, assault on a government official and driving while impaired.) [9]
  • She had made a similar claim in the past which she did not pursue. "On Aug. 18, 1996, the dancer - then 18 years old - told a police officer in Creedmoor she had been raped by three men in June 1993, according to a police document. She did not pursue the allegations. The officer who took the woman's report 10 years ago asked her to write a detailed timeline of the night's events and bring the account back to the police. "Apparently she never returned," Granville County DA Sam Currin said. [10]
  • The accuser told authorities that in 1998, her husband threatened to kill her. However, she did not appear at the court hearing and thus the charges were dropped. [11]

Duke scandal

In March 2006, Mangum and another female, Kim Roberts, were hired to perform as exotic dancers at a house in Durham. The residence was rented at the time by three members of the Duke University Lacrosse team.[12] Duke University purchased the property prior to the rape allegations.[13] After the party ended, Mangum accused three members of Duke University's men's lacrosse team of raping her during the party. The investigation has led to the indictment of three members of the lacrosse team. David Evans[14], Reade Seligmann, and Collin Finnerty have been charged with first degree forcible rape, first degree sexual offense, and kidnapping. Duke's nationally ranked lacrosse team's season was suspended for the rest of the season as a result. The event has drawn national attention and highlighted racial tensions in the local North Carolina community.

On 16 April 2006, Jesse Jackson promised to pay for the rest of her tuition regardless of the outcome of this case.[15][16] On 21 April 2006, the talk show host Tom Leykis learned the name of the accuser and announced it on his radio show.[17]

Notes

  1. ^ kirkosborn.com. Legal documents released by the defense attorney Kirk Osborn. Retrieved on 1 July 2006.
  2. ^ Julia Lewis et.al.. WRAL.com. WRAL.
  3. ^ Michael Gaynor. renewamerica.us. Suggestion to Crystal: pray, learn from Cynthia, apologize now. RenewAmerica. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  4. ^ a b c Samiha Khanna. newsobserver.com. Mother, dancer, accuser - Duke scandal peels back layers of Durham woman's identity. The News & Observer. Retrieved on 16 April, 2006.
  5. ^ Nicolet, Benjamin; Khanna, Samiha; and Biesecker, Michael "Report involved abuse at age 14", The News and Observer, 29 April 2006. Retrieved on 7 July.
  6. ^ Accuser claimed she was raped in 1996 report. ESPN. 28 April 2006.
  7. ^ "Alleged Duke Rape Victim Wants Her Life Back". ABC News. 19 April 2006.
  8. ^ "Defense: 2nd DNA Tests Show No Conclusive Link to Lacrosse Players". Associated Press. 13 May 2006.
  9. ^ "Duke lacrosse players' attorneys step up defense". ESPN. 9 April 2006.
  10. ^ Mueller, Jared. Rotberg, Emily. "Dancer made prior allegation". The Chronicle. 1 May, 2006.
  11. ^ Fausset, Richard. "Duke Student's Lawyers Want D.A. off Case". The Los Angeles Times. 2 May 2006.
  12. ^ Khanna, Samiha & Blythe, Anne. "Dancer gives details of ordeal". The News & Observer. 25 March 2006.
  13. ^ Eaglin, Adam. Duke to sell 5 off-East houses. The Chronicle. 1 June 2006.
  14. ^ Beard, Aaron. "3rd Member of Duke Lacrosse Team Indicted". Associated Press. 15 May 2006
  15. ^ Associated Press. charlotte.com. Tuition offered in Duke case. The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved on 16 April 2006.
  16. ^ Listing of accuser and lacrosse team roster
  17. ^ Leykis, Tom. "The Tom Leykis Show", Westwood One Studios, 21 April 2006.
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