Kings Park and Botanic
Kings Park and Botanic Garden is visited by millions of
people each year. With its remarkable expanses of unique
bushland, tranquil parkland and botanic garden, the Park
is the most popular visitor destination in Western Australia.
The total area of the Park is 406 hectares (roughly 1,000
acres) and is located adjacent to the Swan River and approximately
1.5 km from the Central Business District of Perth.
The Soul of the City
Kings Park and Botanic Garden overlooks the Swan River
and Darling Range and showcases an outstanding collection
of Western Australia flora.
It is a popular place for picnics, pleasant walks, cultural
and ceremonial events.
Nearly two thirds of the Park is natural bushland containing
319 species of native plants and around 80 bird species.
The balance of the Park is made up of superb cultivated
gardens and open recreational areas.
For Western Australians and for the many interstate and
international visitors, Kings Park and Botanic Garden is
a place of inspiration, relaxation, recreation and wonder.
On the 1 October 1872 an area of 432 acres (175 ha) on
Mount Eliza was gazetted as a public park by the Commissioner
for Lands, Sir Malcolm Fraser, who had submitted this proposal
to the Governor, Sir Frederick Weld, more than a year previously.
The area was renamed Kings Park in 1901 in honour of King
Edward VII after a visit to Perth by his son, the Duke of
York (later King George V).
Mount Eliza, (known as Kaarta gar-up by the local Nyoongar
people), has always been a significant gathering point for
local Aboriginal people and a focal point of European culture.
The State War Memorial was erected in 1929. The Avenues
of Honour and special memorials throughout the Park
are dedicated to those who died in the service of Australia.
- 2009 Kings Park and Botanic Garden Management Plan