Methods of the Writers'
The Writers' War Board had many different distribution
methods for their propaganda throughout the media and making sure that
the views and causes of the government and the WWB were known and promoted
by the members of the organization. They did this through their own publications
and also through outside media sources. In their second year of existence
the Writers' War Board had sufficiently organized themselves to be able
to send out many publications to help their cause. The main one was the
WWB Monthly Report. This report was sent to more than 4000 professional
writers across the United States. (3) Each report included approximately
five projects that the Board had been working on and needed publicity on.
Suggestions were made and facts,deemed important, were provided in the
Report to further provide an outline of themes and events the authors should
write about in their books, stories, or plays for that particular month.
Another propaganda method the WWB used to influence
the American public was their editorial service. This sent out four to
eight editorials to approximately 1,600 newspapers nation wide to be published
anonymously. (3) The effect of this method, as with other propaganda, was
to make their beliefs and causes the same beliefs and causes that the general
public cared so much about. By using anonymous editorials it caused the
public to believe a majority of citizens shared positive views about the
war. Since people, whether consciously or subconsciously, tend to go along
with what their peers believe and are thinking, the editorial system was
The Writers' War Board also circulated "Brief Items" each month. These
were assortments of slogans, poetry, cartoons, and articles related to
current campaigns. The different versions were given to newspapers, in
house newsletters of approximately 2,600 industries, and to 1,100 army
camp newsletters. Another circulation that was sent out was the "War Script
of the Month". These were dramas that were meant for performance on radio
broadcasts. At certain times during the War these "War Scripts" were sent
to 825 radio stations, schools, and colleges that broadcast on the radio.
(3) Along with these broadcasts 800 prepared speeches were sent out each
month that had to do with war related topics.
Finally, the WWB sent out a "Bulletin for Cartoonists" to 200 of the nations
most popular and talented editorial cartoonists. (4) By sending out all
these publications to the different forms of media the WWB very effectively
controlled their propaganda machine. They sent this "machine" out across
the entire nation. With their uniform views and beliefs, authors, poets,
radio commentators, and actors all focused their trade around these beliefs
and in effect, communicated them to the outside world.
Example of a cartoon that would
have been suggested by the WWB.
Another example of a cartoon that
would have been suggested in the "Bulletin for Cartoonists".
In addition to from producing its own publications the Writers War Board
used outside sources of media to further reach the American public. National
magazines such as Colliers, Reader's
Digest, and The Saturday Evening
Post often ran articles submitted by the well known authors that were
aimed at expressing the views of the WWB. Also popular comic books ran
issues that supported the WWB by putting their heroes in situations that
emphasized "pro-allied themes". (4)