Angus - FAQs

Angus - FAQs
The latest and greatest about the world's largest beef breed registry
  1. When and where were Angus cattle first seen in the U.S.A.?
    George Grant imported four Angus bulls from Scotland to Victoria, Kansas, in 1873. The black polled bulls, probably from the herd of George Brown of Westertown, Fochabers, Scotland, made a lasting impression on the U.S. beef industry.

  2. How many Angus cattle were registered last year?
    324,266 head of Angus cattle were registered in fiscal 2005, which ended Sept. 30.

  3. What states have the most Angus cattle?
    The top ten states in registrations for the 2005 fiscal year were:

    South Dakota17,076

  4. How do I join the American Angus Association?
    There are four types of Association memberships: regular, junior, associate, and non-resident.

    Regular membership applications can be accessed online at or by contacting the Association. A one-year membership for $30 may be issued in the name of an individual, a farm or ranch name, a partnership or a corporation. Regular members receive registration and voting privileges. Annual renewal of regular membership is $30. For an additional $50, members receive the Angus Journal, the official publication of the American Angus Association.

    Junior membership is available to young Angus breeders until they reach 21 years of age. For a junior membership application contact the Association. Junior membership dues are $20 annually.

    Associate memberships are offered to commercial cattlemen who own and use registered Angus bulls. Associate members may participate in all phases of the Angus Herd Improvement Records (AHIR) program, but they do not have rights to register cattle or to participate in the Association's election of delegates. Associate membership fee is $10.

    Residents of countries other than the U.S., its territories or possessions, or Canada may apply to become non-resident members of the Association for $30. Non-resident members register and transfer Angus under the same rules as regular members.

  5. What characteristics make Angus more desirable than other breeds?
    Angus cattle offer many advantages to the beef producer.
    • Mature cows crossed with Angus bulls have virtually no calving problems, regardless of their expected progeny differences (EPDs). Using proven calving ease Angus bulls will greatly reduce calving difficulties with first calf heifers as well.
    • Calves sired by purebred Angus bulls are polled. Breeders save time and expense by eliminating horns on their calves.
    • The dark pigment in Angus and Angus-cross cattle helps prevent cancer eye and snowburned or sunburned udders.
    • Cows that excel in maternal characteristics and require minimal care are a trademark of the Angus breed.
    • Angus and Angus-influenced feeder cattle are in demand with cattle buyers. They are efficient in the feedlot and have been proven to grade Choice with fewer days on feed than other breeds.
    • Angus market animals produce desirable carcasses with well-marbled, fine textured beef and minimum trim.
    • Crossbreeding with a planned two- or three-breed rotational system is proven to provide heterosis or hybrid vigor. Angus cattle can contribute greatly to nearly any crossbreeding plan. Since heterosis is expressed most in improved cow performance, the convenience traits and mothering ability of Angus-influenced mother cows is desirable for many producers. Angus and Angus-cross cows represent about 60% of all the U.S. cowherds.
    • Premiums may be paid for cattle meeting Certified Angus Beef® product specifications.
    • The American Angus Association's easy-to-use performance records and EPDs are beneficial to members. The American Angus Association's Sire Evaluation Report helps breeders select the right bull for their operation and evaluate their herds' genetic needs.

  6. What are Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs)?
    Expected Progeny Differences, or EPDs, are highly accurate means of predicting how an animal's offspring will perform. They describe genetic differences between animals within a breed. For example, a bull's birth weight EPD will help predict how much his offspring will weigh at birth in relation to the birth weight of an average Angus calf. EPDs are based on the performance of the animal and performance of its ancestors, relatives and progeny

  7. What are the requirements for Certified Angus Beef® (CAB)?
    Market animals that are at least 51% black that exhibit Angus-type characteristics are eligible for CAB® evaluation. They must meet all eight of the following criteria to be certified by USDA Graders and labeled with the Certified Angus Beef® brand.
    • Modest or higher degree of marbling
    • Medium or fine marbling texture
    • "A" maturity
    • Yield grade 3.9 or leaner
    • Moderately thick or thicker muscling
    • No hump on the neck exceeding 2 inches
    • No evidence of internal hemorrhages
    • No dark cutting characteristics

  8. How do I contact Certified Angus Beef®, LLC (CAB)?
    Information concerning CAB® can be found on the Internet at If you want to find out more about the product itself or purchase product, is the site for you.

    To learn more about CAB® specifications, employment opportunities, licensed feedlot partners, supply development activities or to order CAB®, log on to one of the sites or call CAB® headquarters in Wooster, Ohio, at 1-877-2-EAT-CAB.

  9. What is Certified Angus Beef® brand Natural?
    While the eight stringent carcass specifications must still be met, CAB® brand Natural products are only produced from cattle that are traceable back to their place of birth and are known to only have been fed a 100% vegetarian diet (no animal by-products) and never received antibiotics or hormones. As required by USDA, all CAB® brand Natural products are minimally processed with no artificial ingredients.

  10. What are the benefits of joining the National Junior Angus Association?
    The National Junior Angus Association (NJAA) offers a world of opportunities to youth. Members of the NJAA are eligible for:
    • Registering cattle with the Association
    • Receiving two issues of the Angus Journal annually
    • Participation in junior activities including conferences, shows and other contests
    • Showmanship competitions
    • Leadership training (officers and directors)
    • National Junior Recognition Program
    • Scholarships

  11. Where can I find names and addresses of Angus producers?
    Names and addresses of Angus producers can be found on the Association Web site at, by clicking on the member look-up link. Regular members can be searched for by name and location.

    Ranches who have registered their Web sites with can be found through "member links" on the site.

    In addition, many registered Angus breeders advertise in the Angus Journal. They can be found in the advertiser's index. For a subscription, look on or write to the Angus Journal, 3201 Frederick Ave., St. Joseph, MO 64506

  12. How can I use the Internet to find Angus cattle for sale and advertise my own cattle for sale?
    AngusSourceSM is a tool that assists producers with marketing, and buyers with locating, Angus-sired feeder cattle and replacement females. AngusSourceSM is a USDA Process Verified Program(PVP) that documents a minimum of 50-percent Angus-sired genetics, source and group age. AngusSourceSM PVP cattle have an AngusSource Document that includes the USDA PVP Shield, source, group age and Angus sire genetic information. Weekly e-mails are sent to auction markets and feedyards listing the cattle available for sale. Individuals interested in purchasing Angus-sired cattle can logon to to view available cattle.

    The quickest and easiest way to find registered Angus bulls that fit your operation is through the Bull Listing Service (BLS). Breeders list available bulls for a small fee, and potential customers can search for bulls by EPDs, sire groups or location by state. Listings can be viewed at

  13. What kind of software is available for Angus producers?
    Angus Information Management Software (AIMS) was designed and written by the American Angus Association. The Windows-based program is used to simplify Angus Herd Improvement Records (AHIR), which can be transmitted by disk, direct modem or e-mail. AIMS is available to all American Angus Association members and commercial producers.

    The software provides quick access to pedigree, performance and EPD information. Updated EPDs for all of your animals are available. AIMS offers a simulated breeding feature to help you determine what sire to use, and helps predict EPDs for calves from a selected sire. Ratios, rankings and adjusted weights can also be calculated.

    These are just a few of the features of AIMS software. For more information, or to purchase AIMS software, contact the AIMS Department at the American Angus Association. You can e-mail or view the AIMS link at

  14. Where can I buy Angus merchandise?
    Angus merchandise, from T-shirts to pens and tattoo kits to calving record books, can be purchased from the American Angus Association, the Angus Foundation and the American Angus Auxiliary.

    The Association's communications department sells various Angus merchandise such as clocks, flags, decals and pens. They also sell useful tools such as tattoo kits and calf scales. Contact the communications department for a list of what is available.

    The communications department also sells prints of Angus cattle, artwork done by Frank Murphy.

    The Angus Foundation offers a variety of shirts, jackets, caps and gloves. In addition, a history book and various artwork is also for sale. Contact the Foundation for details. A listing of items sold at the Association is also available at

    Angus-themed gifts are available from the Auxiliary. Items can be ordered by going to to view the online catalog.

    CAB® merchandise is available from their offices in Wooster, Ohio.

  15. What are tattoos and does the Association require them?
    Proper identification at birth is essential to maintain accurate herd records. The Association requires every animal to be permanently identified in order to be eligible for registration. The Association accepts tattoo marks, freeze-branded marks and hot-branded marks as forms of "permanent identification."

    Tattoos are an effective way to identify cattle. They are permanent and accurate when correctly applied. When tattooed correctly, an animal will have a tattoo in the upper third of each ear, centered horizontally.

    Tattoo equipment is available from the Association.

  16. What is the role of a regional manager?
    The 13 regional managers are full-time staff members of the American Angus Association. They work with cattle breeders in their designated regions to promote Angus cattle, improve management practices and assist breeders who want to get started in the Angus business.

    Regional managers also work with breeders to make sure their advertising needs are being met through the Angus Journal and Angus Beef Bulletin.

    Regional managers can often be found working Angus shows and sales or representing the American Angus Association at livestock conventions.

    Anyone needing assistance is encouraged to contact their regional manager.

    Click here for the list of Regional Managers.