Oklahoma was the 46th
state to be admitted to the Union.
Statehood is November 16, 1907.
Oklahoma means "land of the Red People" in the Choctaw language.
When Oklahoma became a state, it required a “seal”
representing the spirit of the new state that could be placed on a
public office or a public document.
The Oklahoma State
Seal consists of a large five-pointed star containing the emblems of
the Five Civilized Tribes in the points of each ray.
The spaces between the five points were filled with
forty-five smaller stars, representing the states of the Union, with
the center star as the forty-sixth state.
The Oklahoma State
Seal contains six seals. In
the center of the large star is the central device of the official Seal
of the Territory of Oklahoma, including the words “Labor Omnia
Vincit” meaning “Labor Conquers All Things.”
Columbia is the central figure, representing justice and
Statehood. On her right
is the American pioneer farmer, on her left is the aboriginal
American Indian. These
two representatives of the white and red races are shaking hands
beneath the scales of Justice, symbolizing equal justice between the
white and red races in Oklahoma and on the part of the Federal
Government. Beneath the trio is the cornucopia of plenty and the
olive branch of peace, and behind is the sun of progress and
Each of the five
rays of the central star represents the official seals of the Five
From the Seal of the Cherokee Nation: A large
seven-pointed star, surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves is
seven-pointed star represents the seven ancient clans of the
Cherokee people. The wreath of oak leaves refers to oak wood, the
principal hardwood in the old Cherokee country in the Carolinas
that was used in maintaining the perpetually burning sacred
fire. In this
connection, oak was a symbol of strength and everlasting life.
From the Seal of the Chickasaw Nation: An
Indian warrior is shown standing in ancient regalia, carrying
two arrows in his right hand, a long bow in his left, and a
shield on his left shoulder.
The two arrows represent his guard over the two ancient
tribal divisions, in which all Chickasaw clan and house names
to old tribal lore, the bow and the shield represent the
insignia of the Chickasaw warrior by right of his descent from
the “House of Warriors”.
From the Seal of the Choctaw Nation: An
unstrung bow with three arrows and a pipe-hatchet are blended
ceremonial pipe-hatchet was passed around and smoked in council
when deliberating important tribal matters.
Though a peaceable people, the Choctaws were noted for
great strength in defending their homes and country.
The unstrung bow represents peace yet instant
preparedness for defense. The
three arrows, always ready, stood for the three great Choctaw
From the Seal of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation: A
sheaf of wheat and a plow are represented in the seal of the
Muscogee nation. The
plow and sheaf of wheat were chosen as modern symbols of
agricultural industry, for which the Creeks were noted from
earliest times. It is a reference to the prosperity that agriculture
brought to the Creek people.
From the Seal of the Seminole Nation: A plumed
tribesman is shown paddling a canoe across the lake to a village
with a trading post standing near the shore.
This scene represents some of the early customs
surrounding the act of gathering, preserving and trading plants
that were held sacred in connection with their ancient tribal
religious rites and ceremonies.
It is symbolic of peace and plenty.
It is a misdemeanor for any person to use the "Great Seal of
the State of Oklahoma" or facsimile thereof, on any identification document,
identification card, or identification certificate which is not issued by an entity of
this state or political subdivision thereof, or by the United States. Provided, nothing in
the paragraph shall be construed to prohibit the use of the "Great Seal of the State
of Oklahoma" for authorized advertising, including but not limited to, business
cards, calling cards and stationery.