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The State Seal

The State Seal

The Secretary of State shall be the custodian of the Seal of the State, and authenticate therewith all official acts of the Governor except his approval of laws. The said seal shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma."

OKLAHOMA CONSTITUTION

Article VI, Section 18

Description of the Seal

Oklahoma was the 46th state to be admitted to the Union.   Statehood is November 16, 1907.   Oklahoma means "land of the Red People" in the Choctaw language.  When Oklahoma became a state, it required a “seal” representing the spirit of the new state that could be placed on a public office or a public document. 

The Oklahoma State Seal consists of a large five-pointed star containing the emblems of the Five Civilized Tribes in the points of each ray.   The spaces between the five points were filled with forty-five smaller stars, representing the states of the Union, with the center star as the forty-sixth state.

The Oklahoma State Seal contains six seals.   In the center of the large star is the central device of the official Seal of the Territory of Oklahoma, including the words “Labor Omnia Vincit” meaning “Labor Conquers All Things.”  Columbia is the central figure, representing justice and Statehood.   On her right is the American pioneer farmer, on her left is the aboriginal American Indian.   These two representatives of the white and red races are shaking hands beneath the scales of Justice, symbolizing equal justice between the white and red races in Oklahoma and on the part of the Federal Government. Beneath the trio is the cornucopia of plenty and the olive branch of peace, and behind is the sun of progress and civilization. 

Each of the five rays of the central star represents the official seals of the Five Civilized Tribes

From the Seal of the Cherokee Nation: A large seven-pointed star, surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves is depicted.   The seven-pointed star represents the seven ancient clans of the Cherokee people.  The wreath of oak leaves refers to oak wood, the principal hardwood in the old Cherokee country in the Carolinas that was used in maintaining the perpetually burning sacred fire.   In this connection, oak was a symbol of strength and everlasting life.

From the Seal of the Chickasaw Nation: An Indian warrior is shown standing in ancient regalia, carrying two arrows in his right hand, a long bow in his left, and a shield on his left shoulder.   The two arrows represent his guard over the two ancient tribal divisions, in which all Chickasaw clan and house names originated.   According to old tribal lore, the bow and the shield represent the insignia of the Chickasaw warrior by right of his descent from the “House of Warriors”.

From the Seal of the Choctaw Nation: An unstrung bow with three arrows and a pipe-hatchet are blended together.   The ceremonial pipe-hatchet was passed around and smoked in council when deliberating important tribal matters.   Though a peaceable people, the Choctaws were noted for great strength in defending their homes and country.   The unstrung bow represents peace yet instant preparedness for defense.   The three arrows, always ready, stood for the three great Choctaw chiefs.

From the Seal of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation: A sheaf of wheat and a plow are represented in the seal of the Muscogee nation.   The plow and sheaf of wheat were chosen as modern symbols of agricultural industry, for which the Creeks were noted from earliest times.  It is a reference to the prosperity that agriculture brought to the Creek people.

From the Seal of the Seminole Nation: A plumed tribesman is shown paddling a canoe across the lake to a village with a trading post standing near the shore.   This scene represents some of the early customs surrounding the act of gathering, preserving and trading plants that were held sacred in connection with their ancient tribal religious rites and ceremonies.   It is symbolic of peace and plenty.

 

Use of the Seal

It is a misdemeanor for any person to use the "Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma" or facsimile thereof, on any identification document, identification card, or identification certificate which is not issued by an entity of this state or political subdivision thereof, or by the United States. Provided, nothing in the paragraph shall be construed to prohibit the use of the "Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma" for authorized advertising, including but not limited to, business cards, calling cards and stationery.

O.S. 21 § 1550.41