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Thomas Jefferson Dryer
(1808-1879)

When Thomas Jefferson Dryer arrived in Portland in November 1850, the Oregon Spectator described him as “sharp as a steel trap.” For the next ten years, Dryer edited and published the Weekly Oregonian becoming one of Portland’s leading political figures.

Dryer was born in 1808 in northern New York. He immigrated to California and became the city editor of the San Francisco Courier. In 1850, when Portland merchants W.W. Chapman and Stephen Coffin sought a newspaper publisher to promote Portland, their search led them to California, where they found Dryer. Dryer agreed to publish the paper and prepared to ship his printing press to Portland.

Dryer and his supporters planned to publish a Republican paper. In 1850 the Oregon territory was heavily Democratic. This political climate caused them some difficulty. For example, Dryer shipped his press on the Keoka, which was owned by a prominent Democrat from the rival town of Milwuakie. After several weeks Dryer chartered a boat and traveled down the Columbia in search of his press. He found the Keoka anchored 50 miles from Portland with his press on board. When he got the press back to Portland and published the first issue of the Oregonian on December 4, 1850, he ridiculed the Keoka and her owners in a long editorial.

Dryer became known for his outspoken editorials and reporting. As one of Portland's leading citizens, he was a member of the Territorial Legislature, a member of the prestigious Trinity Episcopal Church, and a Mason. He also organized Portland’s bucket brigade, which served as the city’s only fire protection until 1853.

A colorful character, Dryer reportedly challenged Portland merchant Daniel Lownsdale to a duel with rifles after Lownsdale failed to pay an advertising debt. Both were heavy drinkers and probably inebriated at the time. In fact, they were later suspended from their Masonic lodges for drinking.

After helping Abraham Lincoln win Oregon in the 1860 election, Dryer was made head of the American mission to the Sandwhich Islands (now Hawaii). Before assuming his post, he passed on the Oregonian to his young assistant, Henry Pittock, in exchange for back wages and other debts. Dryer eventually returned to Portland, where he lived to see the Oregonian thrive.

Thomas Jefferson Dryer died in 1879.

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