Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife
Eagles at the Refuge
National Wildlife Refuge Complex
- The bald eagle was officially listed as an endangered species in
1976. In 1995 it was downlisted to threatened.
- The world’s bald eagle population is estimated at 90,000. Most of
these are in Alaska.
- Male bald eagles are smaller than females. The adult female has a
wingspan of 8 feet and weighs about 10 to 14 pounds. The male has a
wingspan of 7 feet and weighs about 8 to 10 1/2 pounds.
- The birds' scientific name, Haliaeetus leucocephalus,
means "white-headed sea eagle".
- Eagles may live 30 years or more in the wild.
- Eagles have been clocked at speeds of over 100 miles per hour
while diving on their prey.
- Eagles mate for life, returning to same nest territory year after
- One to three eggs are laid, hatching in about 35 days. Normally,
only one chick survives to fly from the nest. When food resources
are abundant as many as three eaglets may fledge from the same nest.
- Fledgling eagles learn to fly at three months of age and leave the
nest for good by the time they reach their fourth month.
- Many fledglings spend their first nights on the ground, which
exposes them to high mortality.
- By four years of age bald eagles become sexually mature, and develop the
characteristic white head and tail feathers
Contact Karl E. Mundt:: LakeAndes@fws.gov
Region Refuges Website FWS
Mountain-Prairie Region Website
National FWS Website
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