AS Geography


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Aspects of rural change - counterurbanisation

          "Regional change is occurring in some MEDCs as population and employment are decentralising. This counter-urbanisation process complicates attempts to distinguish between urban and rural areas. The increasing but selective use of the countryside for residential, industrial and leisure purposes has many impacts on the rural area, and may lead to conflict between different interest groups. There is a need for careful management." WJEC specification generalisation
Government agencies - England   Government agencies - Celtic fringe
Focus on the North East of England   UK farming
Northumberland Co Durham   Hadrian's Wall

Thames Gateway - Decentralisation the SE

New homes in housing hotspots July 2002 government press release. http://www.ukonline.gov.uk/NewsRoom/NRArticle/0,1169,164480~801b22~fs~en,00.html

Statement from the Deputy Prime Minister on sustainable communities, housing and planning [18 July 2002] New homes in housing hotspots, extra help for key workers, action to tackle low demand in the North and the Midlands, a faster and fairer planning system, and new funding to rebuild the poorest neighbourhoods have been announced. Growth will be concentrated in the Thames Gateway, Ashford in Kent, Milton Keynes and the London-Stansted-Cambridge corridor. http://www.pm.gov.uk/output/Page5644.asp

Rural Futures A countryside initiative by a number of organisations designed to bring new thinking to the countryside debate. "There is an urgent need to get to the roots of the difficulties facing rural communities and businesses throughout Britain. We need to explore and understand these, the real issues, without whose settlement there can be no prospect for a positive future for our countryside." http://www.ruralfutures.org/index.htm

Village websites An interactive map allows you to zoom in on the rural area you're interested in and find a village website. http://www.rural.co.uk/map/

The WI Rural women's organisation famous for jam making, but actually an effective campaigner on rural issues. http://www.womens-institute.co.uk/camp-environ.shtml

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (England) This new government department (DEFRA) brings together parts of the old DETR (wildlife & countryside and environment protection) along with almost all of the functions of the former MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food). Major website restructuring has been taking place and present site is described as 'interim'.http://www.defra.gov.uk/ Environment includes links to: agri-environment schemes; pollution control; flood defence; weeds; public access to the countryside.http://www.defra.gov.uk/environ/envfrm.htm Wildlife and Countryside http://www.defra.gov.uk/wildlife-countryside/index.htm

New towns England http://www.englishpartnerships.co.uk/d7.htm

The England Rural Development Programme underpins Government's New Direction for Agriculture by helping farmers and foresters to respond better to consumer requirements and become more competitive, diverse, flexible and environmentally responsible. It also provides help to rural businesses and communities which need to adapt and develop. (The England Rural Development Plan was approved as a Programme on 11 October 2000.) http://www.defra.gov.uk/erdp/erdpfrm.htm Downloadable copies of annual reports, information leaflets etc at http://www.defra.gov.uk/erdp/docs/erdpdocsindex.htm

The Countryside Agency is responsible for advising Government and taking action on issues relating to the social, economic and environmental well-being of the English countryside. Works to conserve and enhance the countryside, promote social equity and economic opportunities for people who live there and helping everyone to enjoy this national asset. http://www.countryside.gov.uk The State of the Countryside 2002

The Council for the Protection of Rural England (CPRE) is a charity which helps people to protect the countryside where there is threat, to enhance it and to keep it beautiful, productive and enjoyable for everyone. Campaigns at local and national level (influential office in Westminster). Site has archived press releases on a variety of issues, such as bypass threats, transport, housing and urban sprawl. http://www.cpre.org.uk

National Parks are designated areas of countryside in England and Wales where the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage are conserved and enhanced. NP authorities promote the understanding and enjoyment of these areas. Two umbrella organisations are the ANPA (Association of National Park Authorities) and the CNP (Council for National Parks) For a list of links to individual national parks see see: Small ecosystems - structure links and succession page. The Countryside agency also has a national parks section Countryside Agency.

Other useful sites:   RSPB
English Heritage   Forest Enterprise
The National Trust   Environment Agency

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Scottish Natural Heritage Aims to help people enjoy Scotland's natural heritage responsibly, understand it more fully and use it wisely so that it can be sustained for future generations. http://www.snh.org.uk

Shetlands Island Council You won't get much more 'remote rural' than this. The structure plan for 2001-16 is available as web pages or as a pdf download. Includes housing, transport and coastal management. http://www.shetland.gov.uk/splan/plan.htm The report of survey (background) downloads at http://www.shetland.gov.uk/splan/ros.pdf

The Countryside Council for Wales is the Government's statutory adviser on sustaining natural beauty, wildlife and the opportunity for outdoor enjoyment in Wales and its inshore waters. http://www.ccw.gov.uk

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Focus on the North East of England

ERDP North East of England 'chapter'. Social issues, population profile, employment, rural business, housing and accessibility issues. View as html or download as *.pdf files. http://www.defra.gov.uk/erdp/docs/nechapter/necontentsindex.htm

Countryside Agency North East of England map showing national park, AONBs and heritage coast. http://www.countryside.gov.uk/northeast/default.htm

North of England Portal to information about 'geographical regions' in the North of England (business/tourism orientated). http://www.northofengland.com

The North East Regional Information Service operated by Gateshead libraries for the European Project Liberator. http://thenortheast.com/main.html

Newspapers Part of NERIS above, a searchable archive of North East press stories (includes The Journal, Darlington-based Northern Echo and goes as far as Grimsby, Scunthorpe and Hull). http://isearch.televisual.co.uk/access/tnecom.html

Tomorrow's history Photo and other images from collections in the North East's archives. http://thenortheast.com/northlib/default.asp

Pennine Way National Trail A map of the trail, information for walkers and research information. http://www.pennineway.demon.co.uk

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Northumberland National Park http://www.nnpa.org.uk [Other national parks, see: Small ecosystems - structure links and succession]

Northumberland County Council. Rather disappointingly this is more of a tourist information site than an insight into the machinations of local government. Visitors' guide and events. http://www.northumberland.gov.uk/ Northumbria tourist board is at http://www.ntb.org.uk

Rothbury village in Northumberland has its own website. http://www.rothbury.com/roth

Wylam village Commuter dormitory for Tyneside which was the birthplace of the railways and has two websites. http://www.wylamontyne.demon.co.uk/ http://www.netcomuk.co.uk/~sesmith/index.html

Other local and community websites http://fp.morpethnet.plus.com/local-sites/index.html

Morpethnet links to a number of sites for the market town of Morpeth, Northumberland, and the surrounding rural area. http://www.morpethnet.co.uk

Hexham, another Northumberland market town, this time in the Tyne valley, has a good old-fashioned newspaper containing village reports, neighbourhood information and a farming section. Regularly has stories on the Haydon Bridge bypass campaign and the 'crisis' in farming. The Tyne valley, as the site of Hadrian's Wall, also experiences tourist pressure and conflict. http://www.hexham-courant.co.uk/

The Journal is a daily newspaper based in Newcastle which serves the county of Northumberland. Has farming and environment sections. Link to it from Trinity Press site. http://www.icnewcastle.co.uk

Hadrian's Wall  
Hadrian's Wall Tourism Partnership Find out all about the Wall and the latest news from the Roman frontier. http://www.hadrians-wall.org
Is there life after foot and mouth? The foot and mouth crisis started near Heddon-on-the-Wall and the roman wall was closed for nine months during the crisis. This BBC news story examines the impact on Northumberland (Jan 2002). http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/uk/newsid_1761000/1761410.stm
Ramblers Advice on walking the wall without destroying it. http://www.ramblers.org.uk/info/paths/hadrianswall.html
English Heritage management plans for the wall. http://www.eng-h.gov.uk/ArchRev/rev95_6/hadrian.htm


See also English Heritage and The National Trust who manage sites on, at or along the wall.
Other Northumberland sites:        
Northumbrian Water Ltd   Northumberland Estates (Duke of Northumberland)   Alnwick District Council
Northumbria Tourist Board   Northumberland Wildlife Trust   Castle Morpeth Borough Council
    Berwick Borough Council   Tynedale District Council

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Durham County Council More useful than Northumberland for this topic. Click on environment for regeneration of settlements, sustainable development, biodiversity action plan, nature conservation and the local Agenda 21. http://www.durham.gov.uk

Hall Hill Farm, Lanchester, Co Durham, is an example of rural diversification - a farm which has turned to tourism for its main income, rather than agriculture itself. Sadly, in 2001 the farm was hit by foot and mouth and did not open to visitors. However, the holiday cottage business limped on. The owners are reopening the farm on March 23rd 2002. http://www.hallhillfarm.co.uk

County Durham.com is an independent site for Co Durham with links to web pages in the area and could be a starting point for a Co Durham based analysis of rural change. http://www.countydurham.com

Barnard Castle Business orientated site and guide to historic Co Durham market town (Teesdale area). http://www.barnard-castle.co.uk

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Food and farming Case studies from the NFU. http://www.foodandfarming.org/

Organic farming Soil Association site. http://www.soilassociation.org

Young Farmers Clubs Members site. http://www.nfyfc.org.uk/

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