BEACH CEMETERY (391 burials) is a curved plot 80m in length just above the point
of Hell Spit facing the sea and was used throughout the occupation.
is among the best known and most famous of the Anzac cemeteries, possibly because
here is the grave of the best known of all the Anzac soldiers Private John Simpson Kirkpatrick, 3rd
Field Ambulance (plot I, row F, grave 1).
After seeing Simpsons
grave, Sir Roden Cutler VC remarked:
I looked down and found myself standing at the grave of Simpson, the
man with the donkey. It is a moment I will take to my grave.
The cemetery was in use from 25 April 1915 and contains 285
Australians, 49 British, 21 New Zealanders, three soldiers from the
Ceylon Tea Planters contingent and 21 unknowns. The Ceylonese
Tea Planters numbered about 80 on Gallipoli and they were used
by the Anzac Corps Commander, General William Birdwood, as his
personal escort and camp guard.
Among other graves here are those of Commander Edward Cater, Royal
Navy, HMS Nelson (plot II, row G, grave 5)and Colonel
Lancelot Clarke,12th Battalion (plot I, row B,
Cater was a familiar
figure to the Anzacs as he was in charge of the landings at Anzac
Cove. He won the respect of all for his cool disregard of the enemy
shell fire which raked the beach while he assisted others. The story
goes that Cater wore a very large monocle and that a group of Australians
sought to get a rise out of him by approaching him with their identity
discs in their eye. Cater responded by throwing his monocle in the
air, catching it in his eye and saying Do that, you blighters!
He was killed by a shell on 7 August 1915.
Colonel Clarke landed with elements of his battalion at North Beach
on 25 April 1915. He led them off the beach up the heights beside the
Sphinx, amazing many with his fitness:
parties of the 11th and 12th Battalions
were scrambling up these gravelly and almost perpendicular crags
by any foothold which offered
One of this party, Corporal
E W D Laing
clambering breathless up the height, came
upon an officer almost exhausted half way up. It was the old
Colonel - Clarke of the 12th Battalion. He was carrying
his heavy pack, and could scarcely go further. Laing advised
him to throw the pack away, but Clarke was unwilling to lose
it, and Laing thereupon carried it himself. [Laing and another
officer, Margetts, then climbed slowly on until ...] Margetts,
reaching the top, found to his astonishment the Colonel already
[C E W Bean, The Story of Anzac,
Sydney, 1924, Vol 1, p.272.]
Clarke was killed later in the day. At age 57, he was possible the
oldest Australian to die at the landing.
designed by Sir John Burnet, principal architect of the CWGC cemeteries
and memorials on the peninsula, is under the control of the CWGC It
was registered as a cultural heritage site by the Turkish Ministry
of Culture on 14 November, 1980.