As the result of a proposal put to Synod in 1984, a steering committee was formed to establish an Anglican school to cater for students from the then Albert Shire and Logan City areas. This school was originally to be known as The College of the Good Shepherd.

In March, 1986, the Foundation Headmaster, Mr. Alan Coombes, was appointed. Thirty-eight acres of land for the school was acquired in November 1986 and the building contract was signed in December. The timber cottage on the site, originally due for demolition, was renovated for use as the administration centre. A new, permanent administration centre was officially opened on 14 March 1994.

On 2 February 1987, Canterbury College (as it was now named) commenced. Seventy-three students in three classes in Years 6, 7 and 8 (housed in two ex-mining development recreation huts) were taught by two full-time and three part-time teachers, while Stage 1 of the building program was under construction.

The Foundation Stone was laid on 14 March 1987 by the then Primate of Australia, Archbishop Sir John Grindrod, and classes were conducted in the new classrooms from Term 2. The School was officially opened on 5 September 1987 by the Minister for Science and Small Business, the Honorable Barry Jones.

A period of expansion followed with a rapid rise in student and staff numbers requiring an increase in facilities. Building programs have been completed with the financial assistance of the Commonwealth Government and through the efforts of the Parents & Friends Association. In the early years two buildings were given to the College by St. Hilda's School. No longer needed as classrooms, these buildings were converted for use as a temporary library and uniform shop. The temporary library building has since been removed and the permanent Library building completed in mid 1994.

In 1992 the Preschool was established and Canterbury College now offers thirteen years of uninterrupted sound formal education to full-time students from P-12.

Following the retirement of the foundation Headmaster in 1994, the Reverend Paul Bland was appointed to the position of Headmaster in December, 1994.
Another period of building and development followed with special facilities for senior students, a primary administration centre, new classrooms and sporting facilities added to the fabric of the school. A school Master Plan was approved by the Board of Directors and in March 1999 the school's new Multi-Purpose Hall was opened. In 2001, the school has seen the refurbishment of the Canteen and Hall and a new Arts Centre built to house one of the school's most lively areas of learning.

After celebrating our 15th birthday in 2002, Canterbury College is now entering a mature phase in its development under the leadership of Mr Ron Daniels. With fine facilities on a beautiful site, the school offers concrete expression of the faith of our founders who wanted above all for local children to have access to a quality education in a Christian school.

Rev. Paul Bland retired from his position as Headmaster at the end of November 2002.

Mr Ron Daniels commenced as Headmaster of Canterbury College in December 2002.