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London, 1851 - World Title Matches and Tournaments - Chess History - World Chess Network     
by Larry Parr

London, 1851


The first international tournament in chess history, organized by Howard Staunton and run on the knockout system. Germany’s Adolf Anderssen won easily and was widely recognized thereafter as the world’s leading player. He eliminated, in order, Lionel Kieseritzky (+2 =1), Joszef Szen (+4 -2), Staunton (+4 -1), and Marmaduke Wyvill (+4 -2 =1). Staunton floundered, losing a playoff match to Elijah Williams for third prize. In addition to his sporting results, Anderssen’s attacking play possessed an elan not seen since the days of La Bourdonnais. He seemed to be infusing a new spirit into the game as he swept several players off the board with snappy Kingside assaults.
Anderssen - Staunton (London, 1851: Game 1): 1. e4 c5 2. d4 cxd4 3. Nf3 e6 4. Nxd4 Bc5 5. Nc3 a6 6. Be3 Ba7 7. Bd3 Ne7 8. 0-0 0-0 9. Qh5 Ng6 10. e5 Qc7 11. Rae1 b5 12. f4 Bb7 13. Ne4 Bxe4 14. Bxe4 Nc6 15. Nxc6 dxc6 16. g4 Rad8 17. Kh1 c5 18. Rf3 Qa5 19. Ref1 Qa4 20. Bd3 Qxa2 21. Rh3 h6 22. g5 Rxd3 23. cxd3 Qd5+ 24. Rff3 Ne7 25. gxh6 g6 26. h7+ Kh8 27. Qg5 Nf5 28. Qf6+ Ng7 29. f5 Qb3 30. Bh6 Qd1+ 31. Kg2 Qe2+ 32. Rf2, Black resigns Anderssen - Wyvill (London, 1851: Game 7): 1. e4 c5 2. Bc4 e6 3. Nc3 a6 4. a4 Nc6 5. d3 g6 6. Nge2 Bg7 7. 0-0 Nge7 8. f4 0-0 9. Bd2 d5 10. Bb3 Nd4?! 11. Nxd4 Bxd4+ 12. Kh1 Bd7 13. exd5 Bxc3 14. Bxc3 exd5? 15. Bf6 Be6? 16. f5! Bxf5 17. Rxf5! gxf5 18. Qh5 Qd6 19. Qh6 Qxf6 20. Qxf6, Black resigns



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