Biman in a farrago
The DC-10 aircraft which was refused permission to land at
John F Kennedy Airport (JFK) in New York, has at last
returned to Dhaka on Monday night. But the incident has
revealed once again that Bangladesh Biman is a in shambles
due to reckless mismanagement by those who are in charge.
Meanwhile, operation of Biman flights on Dhaka-New York
route remains uncertain, if not set to be closed down,
although the US State Department authority has regretted
its refusal of permission to Biman aircraft for landing in
New York saying “it was a mistake.”
Biman officials in Dhaka told journalists on Tuesday that
the Bangladesh Mission in Washington had contacted US
State Department. US officials said that the Biman
aircraft was refused permission to enter US airspace out
of mistake and that Biman flights to US have not been
The Biman officials further said, they are planning to
take up the matter with the US authorities for demanding
compensation for the loss incurred by Biman.
The BG-011 flight left Dhaka on Saturday with 251 people
on broad via Brussels and was due to land at JFK Airport
in New York on Saturday but the US Federal Aviation
Authority (FAI) refused landing permission to it
reportedly because of the old ACR model of the DC-10
aircraft of the Biman. According to a report, there is
restriction on operation of DC-10 in USA as ‘operation of
such outdated aircraft is highly risky.’
Following the refusal of landing permission by the US FAA,
the Biman aircraft had to land in Montreal on Sunday
morning. According to sources, the US Aviation Authority
had informed Bangladesh Biman recently that restrictions
have been imposed on landing of old, faulty and risky
aircraft on US soil and that Biman flights would not be
allowed to land unless it’s security and safety conditions
But, Biman ignored the warning and sent BG-011 Flight to
New York only to be refused landing permission much to the
agony and inconvenience of the passengers. It may be
recalled that the FAA had earlier fined Biman for changing
its Dhaka-New York flight route via Brussels without prior
permission from the FAA as required under rules. Biman
changed its route since April 8 excluding Brussels and
adding Manchester as the new transit station. However,
Biman was later forced to revert to its orginal route.
At present the Biman fleet includes 6 DC-10, 4 Air Bus,
and 4 F-28 aircraft. With these aircraft Biman operates
flights on 26 international routes and 7 domestic routes.
Biman is a losing concern and sinking relentlessly. It
incurs a loss of Taka 73 lacs in every trip to New York.
In view of this heavy loss Biman authority has reportedly
decided to cancel the Dhaka-New York flight. But in fact,
Biman’s flight operation on Dhaka-New York route has
already come to a halt following the US FAA’s refusal to
allow Biman aircraft to land on American soil.
Tussle between Ministry and PM's office aggravates power
especially the consumers in rural areas could not get rid
of the severe load-shedding and frequent disruption to
electricity supply despite the start of rains when the
consumption usually decreases.
The HSC examinees throughout the country are also being
affected seriously because of the continuous power outage
On Tuesday, the country experienced some 1000megawatt (mw)
of load-shedding in peak-hours. A day before on Monday,
the load-shedding was about 1100mw.
Inefficiency of the power division and tussle between the
state minister for power and Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)
have created obstacles to generation of more power against
the growing demand resulting in huge load-shedding and
erratic supply across the country, observers said.
The power producers were able to generate around 3200mw of
electricity on Tuesday against the demand for more than
4200mw resulting in over 1000mw power shortage. However,
the actual power shortage in the distribution level is
higher than the generation-demand gap as there is some
22.06 per cent system loss in power sector.
The people of Dhaka city and its adjacent areas were able
to consume around 1200mw of power against their demand for
more than 1400mw.
Official sources said, owing to suspension of power
generation in some power plants in the country for
technical faults, the power crisis over the last couple of
months was being experienced resulting in frequent
disruption to power and severe load-shedding.
According to Power Development Board (PDB), some power
plants including the 71mw Baghabari power plant, newly
introduced (125x2)mw coal-fired Barapukuria, the 210mw
Ghorasal and the 110mw Khulna power plants remain
suspended. On Tuesday, the city dwellers in different
areas claimed that they faced severe load-shedding three
to four times, each lasting for at least one hour, which
affected the HSC examinees badly.
People from rural areas of different regions said that
they did not get adequate power. They said they were
experiencing frequent load-shedding, two to three hours at
Biman to suspend flights to US, Europe and Japan
Cash-strapped national carrier Biman Bangladesh
Airlines will suspend unprofitable long-haul flights to
Europe, America and Asia to reduce losses, a minister said
Biman would temporarily discontinue services to New York,
Tokyo, Paris, Frankfurt and Bangkok-Singapore as they are
not profitable, Junior Civil Aviation Minister Mirza
Fakhrul Islam Alamgir was quoted as saying by the
state-run BSS news agency.
“We are suffering a loss of 5.5 million taka (80,000
dollars) on each flight to New York because of operating
with old DC-10 aircraft,” the minister said.
State-run Biman racked up a loss of around 41 million
dollars last year as fuel costs soared and two accidents
resulted in a DC-10 and Fokker F-28 being written off.
Officials said the company was set to incur huge losses in
the current finacial year because of increasing jet fuel
prices and a jump in the cost of fleet maintenance.
Currently Biman travels to 27 international destinations
with five DC-10 aircraft that are at least 20 years old,
four Airbus 310s bought in the early 1990s and three
Fokker F-28 aircraft.
The minister said officials were trying to improve the
airline’s fortunes by seeking a “strategic partner” and
that talks had already been held with Thai Airlines,
Emirates and Gulf Air.
Under any deal, a strategic partner would manage Biman and
supply aircraft in exchange for access to the national
flag carrier’s guaranteed destinations.
Last October, Biman’s board approved a sale of a 61
percent stake in the company to private investors in an
effort to raise money to buy new aircraft for its ageing
The minister gave no date when the suspended flights might
PM discusses EC related issues with senior ministers
Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia held a meeting with her
three senior cabinet ministers M Saifur Rahman, Abdul
Mannan Bhuiyan and Khandoker Mosharraf Hossain on Tuesday
and discussed recruitment of more manpower in the EC and
other issues related to the Election Commission, according
to a source in the Prime Minister’s Office.
The discussions were held as the controversy over the
draft voters’ list has turned into a major political issue
with the CEC, two Election Commissioners and the secretary
remaining tight-lipped about 1.5 crore unaccounted voters.
Meanwhile, the employees and officials of Election
Commission (EC) loyal to the four-party alliance
government are going to be appointed to important posts
and some of them will be awarded by giving promotion.
“On the basis of political affiliation, the district
election officers are allegedly being transferred to
sensitive and important places across the country.
Besides, the officers working in the EC secretariat will
also be promoted as deputy secretary,” a competent source
in the EC said.
At the end of five-year tenure of former chief election
commissioner MA Sayed, commissioners Shafiur Rahman, M
Munsef Ali and AK Mohammad Ali, the EC secretariat is
fully controlled by people liked by the four-party
alliance government. The incumbent CEC Justice MA Aziz,
two ECs SM Zakaria and Justice Mahfuzur Rahman and the
acting Secretary are very loyal to the government
scrupulously following the government instructions, the
Although the EC is an independent constitutional body but
its core members are directly patronized by the
government. As a result, the CEC, two ECs and the
secretary have been doing their best to satisfy the
government through giving appointment and promotion to
other officials on political background.
A number of district election officers and thana election
officers who were appointed in 2004 for their political
affiliation, will be transferred to important post in
country's image as a liberal, non-communal and democratic
Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia made a clarion call for
country's religious leaders and imams to play their
pivotal role in brightening Bangladesh's image as a
liberal, non-communal and democratic state, through
dispelling any misperception that the misguided elements
tried to create.
Khaleda Zia made the call while inaugurating the UNFPA-assisted
National Conference of Imams-2006 on Human Re-sources
Deve-lopment Affairs at Bangladesh-China Friendship
Conference Centre. It was organised by Religious Affairs
Ministry and implemented by Islamic Foundation,
Bangladesh, with the help of the UN agency.
"You are the leaders of our society and live in close
proximity to the common people. Your acceptability to them
is much more than others. Therefore, your responsibility
is much in providing proper guidance to people, " she told
the Islamic thinkers and imams at the function.
She said their (imams and religious leaders) positive role
in creating public opinion against the activities of some
derailed 'bomb terrorists' in religious garbs, like the
acts staged on August 17 last year and at different times
later on, is indeed praiseworthy. She hoped that they
would play more strengthened role in future. The PM
stressed the need for pursuing modern education and
science alongside religious education and making country's
education time-worthy by removing discrepancies in the
She informed the function that necessary steps are being
taken to that end and expressed optimism that the imam
community and religious leaders would play their wise role
in this area.
"Islam is a religion of liberalism and humanism. This
religion teaches us peace, amity, equality and empathy.
Therefore, it is our moral responsibility and obligation
to ensure the rights of every citizen of the country,
irrespective of gender, and right to practice religious
values," the Pime Minister observed.
women die from pregnancy complications every year in BD
About 14,000 Bangladeshi women die from pregnancy
complications and child birth every year.
This was stated by the visiting UNFPA executive director,
Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, at a press conference at Dhaka
Sheraton Hotel on Tuesday. UNFPA representative in
Bangladesh Suneeta Mukharjee, assistant representatives
Tahera Ahmed and Nurul Ameen were also present.
She disclosed that as per demographic and health survey,
the population of Bangladesh will increase to 21 crore in
the next 45 years from the existing 14 crore population.
Thoraya said the success of Bangladesh is remarkable
despite many challenges and problems like promotion of
urban and rural health services, education, safe
motherhood, sanitation and immunisation and reduced child
and maternal mortality rate.
She stressed the need for promotion of female education
for their empowerment, checking population growth through
delayed marriage, attaining gender parity, curbing dowry
and other social vices.
We are working with government to sensitize people about
population and reproductive health and family planning and
safe motherhood. We are also working with Imams to spread
the message to end discrimination and violence against
women and to support family planning and safe motherhood.
The UNFPA Executive Director emphasized the need for
greater efforts to end gender discrimination and violence
against women in Bangladesh. She called for easy access to
information on HIV/AIDS to create awareness.
Pak PM calls for peaceful solution to Iran's nuclear
Visiting Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz defended
his country's nuclear program in Athens on Monday and
called for a peaceful solution to Iran's nuclear crisis.
At a lecture at a downtown Athens hotel on globalization
and Pakistan's role, Aziz said his country opposed the
proliferation of nuclear weapons but supported the
peaceful development of nuclear energy in line with terms
and prerequisites set by the International Atomic Energy
He said Pakistan was "a responsible nuclear power" and it
was India's nuclear program that compelled Islamabad to
follow the path of the development of nuclear weapons. The
prime minister underscored the need to solve the Iranian
nuclear issue by peaceful means.
He also stressed that the Kashmir problem should be
settled in a way which satisfies Pakistan, India and the
people in the disputed Kashmir region. Earlier Monday,
Greek Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis met Aziz on
bilateral economic cooperation. The two sides signed an
agreement on tourism cooperation.
litany of lost opportunities
Israel does not acknowledge the nuclear
capability it is widely believed to possess and that it
has acquired with the active support of the United States.
International Atomic Energy Agency's latest report has
faulted Iran for refusing to stop enriching uranium within
the 30-day deadline that was set by the United Nations
It is, however, important to note that the report in
question has not established conclusively that Iran was
developing its nuclear capabilities to make nuclear
Iran has categorically rejected the belief that it
possesses a nuclear weapons programme and has expressed
its willingness to allow inspections of its nuclear
installations by IAEA experts to dispel misgivings about
the nature of its nuclear programme.
Iran's nuclear programme, which began in 1970 when it
joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, has been
under the supervision of the IAEA which plays a key role
in assisting the international community in curbing
nuclear proliferation. In view of this, the reports
systematically carried by the western media that in the
past 10 years or so Iran has deceived the international
community to conceal its build-up of nuclear weapons do
not carry conviction.
In this connection it may also be pertinent to mention
that, in April last year, when the then Israeli Prime
Minister Ariel Sharon presented President Bush with
intelligence reports indicating that Iran was only a few
months away from developing military nuclear capability,
he was told that according to US intelligence evaluations,
Iran was still years away from acquiring this deterrent.
It is apparent, therefore, that Israel was behind the
baseless propaganda campaign against Iran's nuclear
programme. It is also clear that Israel has succeeded in
making President Bush believe that Iran's nuclear
programme is of military nature and poses a serious threat
to its security.
Israel does not acknowledge the nuclear capability it is
widely believed to possess and that it has acquired with
the active support of the United States. Its security
depends on its ability to manufacture nuclear arms and in
order to retain its nuclear monopoly in the Middle East,
it has been persuading Washington to prevent Iran from
pursuing its perfectly legitimate nuclear programme.
Washington should, however, realise that in case
unnecessary obstacles are placed in its path in pursuing
its nuclear programme for peaceful purposes, Iran may be
prompted to withdraw from the NPT, as is permissible under
Article X (1). Following economic reforms, exploiting the
existing and exploring new sources of energy has become a
necessity for Iran.
President Bush has not ruled out military action against
Iran to prevent it from pursuing its nuclear programme. It
is widely believed that in case the United States fails to
muster sufficient support in the Security Council in order
to take punitive action against Iran it might itself
strike pre-emptively to destroy Iran's nuclear
installations or Israel may do so at its behest. In either
case, both Iran and the United States would be entangled
in a widening military confrontation leading to extremely
serious consequences in the region as neutral hostilities
could provoke a negative reaction in other Muslim
countries giving rise to more anti-American movements
dominated by militants and extremists.
The United States should, therefore, carefully weigh the
pros and cons of a military confrontation with Iran.
Realising the magnitude of the negative consequences of
such an undesirable course of action it is hoped that
President Bush will show circumspection and allow
diplomacy to resolve the matter in an amicable manner
which is the only forward to ward off a devastating armed
conflict between Iran and the United States.
Iran and the United States are not destined to be rivals
forever. The two countries cannot remain in a state of war
in perpetuity. The geo-political interests of both
countries demand that they improve their relations.
Regrettably, however, Israel continues to be a major
obstacle in achieving this objective. It may be recalled
that Iran's foreign policy had entered a new phase, moving
from confrontation to conciliation during the tenure of
President Khatami who had declared that Iran was not an
enemy of the people of the United States and that
relations between the two countries should be based on
mutual respect, trust and sovereign equality. Regrettably,
President Bush did not grasp this historical opportunity
to improve the years old embittered Iran-US relations, and
declared Iran a part of the 'axis of evil'.
After his election as president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a
conservative, also declared that his country favoured a
rapprochement with the US. It was hoped that President
Bush would reciprocate these sentiments and that the
diplomatic stalemate of more than 25 years would come to
an end. However, the US president remained persistent in
his hostile attitude towards Iran and unleashed a vicious
propaganda campaign against it, particularly on the
In the wake of the ongoing stand-off between Iran and the
United States on the nuclear issue, President Mahmoud
Ahmadinejad, in a bid to ease the growing tensions and to
resolve the matter peacefully sent a personal letter to
President Bush on May 8. In this letter, while analysing
the world situation and tracing the root causes of the
problems between Tehran and Washington, the Iranian leader
has proposed ways of ending the present predicament. It
was generally believed that this unprecedented diplomatic
initiative would break the ice and give way to a new
process leading to better ties between Tehran and
Washington. Regrettably, however, the United States has
summarily dismissed this initiative by stating that it
does not address US concerns about Iran's nuclear
of Red brigade
Till yesterday, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee
was a chief minister of Bengal. Today he has become a
leader of his people.
M. J. Akbar
Bhattacharjee has buried the ghost that hovered over Jyoti
Basu's table for two decades - that his remarkable run of
victories was tainted by rigging. It was an easy
accusation to make, and an easier one to believe outside
Bengal, precisely because India had never witnessed
anything like the democratic miracle engineered by Basu
and the CPI(M).
The facts of course did not quite justify the accusation.
Marxist support was anchored in solid economic benefits
for the underprivileged, and lifted by the unique charisma
of Jyoti Basu, a charisma that magnetised the Bengali
voter. But it was the only accusation that a hapless, and
then a hopeless, Opposition could make.
This charge was essential to the self-esteem, and
therefore survival, of the Congress and its truculent
child, the Trinamul. Without self-esteem you cannot offer
hope; without hope, you cannot have a cadre. Mamata
Banerjee can sustain her individual self on a diet of
negative and near-hysterical cacophony. But why should the
young, or even the old, person in search of a political
career invest in her if all she can offer is forty years
in the wilderness?
It is a fair bet that, after Moses, the Congress family in
Bengal is the only leadership that offers forty years in
the wilderness and hopes to survive. The journey to
nowhere began in 1977. For 29 years the Congress family
has been staring at a lost horizon. Buddhadeb
Bhattacharjee has now set course for at least another
eleven years. We shall check horizons again after the
elections of 2016.
And Buddhadeb Babu has done it in style. The Election
Commission pulled out all the stops in its determination
to prevent any rigging. This election was as clean as it
gets. The results were as overwhelmingly one-sided as
possible. The difference was so huge that even the opinion
polls could not get it wrong. Every government tries to
use state machinery to its advantage, but no government
has been able to change the course of a tide.
Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee's great achievement is that he
corrected the course of the tide when he found that it
just might go the other way, and set about this task
almost from the moment he inherited Basu's extraordinary
legacy. He introduced the dialectic of change into Marxist
terminology. Like any Marxist, he is a child of ideology,
but he rescued dogma from dogmatism. He was ahead of the
The biggest danger for any establishment is to run adrift
of the shifting perception of the young. Every generation
rewrites the rules of economic aspiration, within the
context of new technology and emerging opportunity.
Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee saw the future in the Chinese
model, but not quite in the way we imagine. There was a
subtle variation, even as he understood that Communism had
to integrate with market forces. He realised that the
Chinese Communist Party could survive a Tiananmen Square
because the system was essentially despotic. But in a
democracy such an upsurge would have been sufficient to
unseat a government in the subsequent election.
His responsibility and challenge therefore was to prevent
disillusionment, and ease the anger of the young before it
erupted. He did not succeed in isolation, as is sometimes
made out to be. He was not a voice outside the party's
Politburo. The CPI(M) is now led by younger men and women
with a vested interest in the future. And they are going
to find that future with the steely determination of the
generation that has provided them with an invaluable
legacy. Till yesterday, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee was a
chief minister of Bengal. Today he has become a leader of
Obviously he has been helped by the fact that the Trinamul
and Congress had nothing to offer except emotional,
non-intellectual and often unintelligible mishmash. Mamata
Banerjee is the headmistress of the tired school of
clichés. She confuses street theatre with politics.
Bengalis may love jatra but they don't vote for drama
queens. And as drama queens go, Mamata Banerjee is no
Suchitra Sen. But she also emerges from a political
tradition in Bengal. Marxist historians must never forget
to thank three Bengalis for the rise of the CPI(M): P C
Sen, Ajoy Mukherjee and Pranab Mukherjee.
Sen was Congress chief minister after Dr B C Roy, and led
his party to defeat almost as surely as Dr Roy led his
party to victory. Sen fell in the elections of 1967 to a
United Front crafted by Ajoy Mukherjee, the ageing
Congress rebel, Pranab Mukherjee, the rising young
tactician, and Jyoti Basu. (Pranab Mukherjee is an ageing
tactician now, but still a tactician.) 1967 marked the
beginning of a decade of struggle and trial for the
Marxists: through the fires of Naxalite havoc, Congress
repression in the state and then the nationwide Emergency.
In 1977 the Emergency was lifted and the mood of the north
was passionately anti-Congress. Sen, now leader of the
Janata Dal, did the Marxists an unparalleled favour. Basu
offered an alliance. Sen arrogantly rejected it. The Left
Front swept to power in 1977 in Bengal. No one has
discovered the means to remove it in three decades.
A historic blunder (the phrase is Jyoti Basu's) in 1997
prevented the Marxists from taking a quantum leap forward
in their political evolution. The CPI(M) Politburo
prevented Jyoti Basu from leading a coalition and becoming
the first Marxist Prime Minister of India. No party has
used power to expand its base better than the CPI(M).
Today, the Marxists have been restricted to two and a half
fortresses (Tripura would be the half), and only one of
those fortresses is under permanent possession (Bengal).
With Jyoti Basu in Delhi, the party would have had a
unique chance to take its message, as well as its
management style, across the country. The results might
not have been immediate, but they would have come.
A decade has passed since that historic blunder, and
generations have changed. Can Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee and
Prakash Karat reverse that blunder?
They have one great advantage, which was not so evident a
decade earlier. When Narasimha Rao and Manmohan Singh
ushered in economic reforms in 1991, they promised
emancipation to all. Their work was carried forward by
governments that were hostile to the Congress: the
Vajpayee coalition was as committed to those reforms as
its originators. In a sense, these policies were endorsed
by a Right Coalition, which could have evolved into a
Right Front. Fifteen years later, it is obvious to
everyone but the blind that economic reforms have been
only a partial success. The Maoist insurgency is violent
evidence of the despair in the darker side of India - the
moonlit India, as opposed to neon-lit India.
We must not lose what we have achieved through economic
reform. But it is equally true that the next phase of
economic growth is going to be impossible without a far
greater commitment to equity and social change. If the
first phase of economic growth was sustained by a Right
Front, then the next phase will need a non-dogmatic Left
Front in power. The poor will not wait much longer. If
they are not included in rapid progress then they could
even destroy what has been achieved.
The only political party with any credibility among the
poor within the democratic ambience is the CPI(M). The
Maoists are a splutter of anger, an important alarm bell,
but they are not the solution to this growing problem.
Their relevance is limited. The CPI(M) can seed a Left
Front that re-establishes Delhi's equation with India.
Step forward, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee.
Great Lives, Great Places
Historic Center of Naples (1995)
greek city of Neapolis, as usual in the ancient greek
towns, had developed around three straight streets running
parallel from East to the West (called "plateiai" by
Greeks and "decumani" by Romans) and crossed by several
secondary streets at right angles.
The decumanus end at Via Duomo (Cathedral Street) where is
the Cathedral of Naples, seat for the Cardinal and for the
Treasure of San Gennaro, the patron saint of the city.
Here it happens twice a year the Miracle of San Gennaro,
when the Martyr's blood (saved into an ampulla) liquefies,
announcing that there will be no calamities for
The actual construction belongs to the Angevin Age too,
but here was a paleochristian basilica which had been
enclosed into the new cathedral as a lateral chapel. The
interiors had been changed during 17th and 18th century,
but retain some previous chapels both from Gothic and
Renaissance period, causing a much mixed style. The facade
has been rebuilt at the end of 19th century following the
neoclassical style, but the portals belongs to the 15th
century and are decorated with statues of the 14th
The Historic Centre of Naples has its individual
masterpieces, a classical town layout and is associated
with many events and individuals of great importance in
the early history of Christianity.
Naples was founded in 470 BC. It took its fair share of
damage in the earthquake of 62 AD and the eruption of the
Vesuvius in 79 AD, the one that covered nearby Pompei and
Herculaneum. Unlike these towns, the city was quickly
rebuilt and flourished for centuries. Mainly as an
autonomous kingdom, with an important interlude in the
16th century under Spanish rule (Viceroy Toledo left
Naples a majestic quarter).
Since the 1990s, Naples is experiencing a renaissance. The
city has become safer and cleaner, and many building works
are executed in the city center to restore it to its
From the Neapolis founded by Greek settlers in 470 B.C. to
the city of today, Naples has retained the imprint of the
successive cultures that emerged in Europe and the
Mediterranean basin. This makes it a unique site, with a
wealth of outstanding monuments such as the Church of
Santa Chiara and the Castel Nuovo.
An important seaport, Naples is built on the slopes and at
the base of a range of hills bordering the Bay of Naples,
an inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Visible from the city is
the volcano Mount Vesuvius.
Naples is the site of numerous castles and other places of
interest. On a rocky islet connected to the city by a
causeway stands the 12th-century Castel dell'Ovo, the site
of which was occupied by the villa of the Roman general
Lucullus. Other Neapolitan castles are the 13th-century
Castel Nuovo, situated on the harbor, and the 14th-century
Castel Sant'Elmo, on a hill overlooking the city.
The former royal palace in Naples, the Palazzo Reale, was
built in the early 17th century; it houses the notable
National Library, which has a large and valuable
collection of books and manuscripts. Near the palace is
the Teatro San Carlo (1737, rebuilt 1816), famed for its
opera productions and one of the largest theaters in
The National Museum in Naples is renowned for its vast
collection of Greco-Roman paintings and sculpture found in
Pompeii, Herculaneum, and elsewhere in the vicinity of the
The museum also contains the celebrated Farnese collection
of paintings. The city is the site of a university; Naples
also has a naval institute, a school of foreign languages,
a music conservatory, and an academy of fine arts.
Of the many ecclesiastical buildings in the city, the best
known is the Cathedral of San Gennaro (begun 13th century,
with many later additions, including a 19th-century
facade). The cathedral contains the tomb of St. Januarius,
the patron saint of the city; crowds fill the cathedral in
May and September to witness what is believed to be the
miraculous liquefaction of his blood. The Church of San
Domenico Maggiore has a beautiful interior and is rich in
sculpture and frescoes. Beside it stands the former
Dominican monastery in which Saint Thomas Aquinas once
lived and taught.
The ancient Neapolis (Greek, "New City") was originally a
Greek settlement. Although conquered by the Romans in the
4th century bc, it long retained its Greek culture. The
mild climate and the beauty of the site made the city a
favorite resort of wealthy Romans. After the fall of the
Roman Empire in the 5th century, the city declined. In the
6th century Neapolis was captured by forces of the
Byzantine Empire, and in the 8th century it became an
independent duchy. In 1139 the Normans conquered the
duchy, and it was subsequently incorporated into the
kingdom of the Two Sicilies. After the Sicilian Vespers of
1282 the city served as capital of the separate kingdom of
Naples. In 1861 that kingdom became part of the modern
state of Italy. The port of Naples was greatly improved in
the late 19th century. The city, which had long been
subject to epidemics of cholera, was provided with a pure
supply of water in 1884 and a new sewage system.
stays defiant as charges listed in court
Fallen Iraqi president Saddam Hussein defiantly refused to
enter a plea Monday as charges were formally presented in
a hearing that marked a new stage in his long-running
trial for crimes against humanity.
Chief judge Rauf Rasheed Abdel Rahman read out charges
implicating Saddam and the other defendants in the
killings of 148 Shiite villagers in the 1980s, including
accusations of torture, murder and the execution of
The session also saw the beginning of the defense phase of
the trial with witnesses testifying on behalf of one of
the minor defendants.
Saddam was singled out for ordering the crackdown on the
village which directly resulted in nine deaths and then
signing a court order for the execution of 148 villagers
two years later.
But Saddam, who along with seven co-defendants could face
the death penalty if found guilty, replied: "I cannot
reply yes or no to the charge." He argued that the list of
accusations was too long and just for public consumption.
"A head of state is protected by the constitution,
therefore I cannot reply to the long statement," said the
ousted president, who has said he ordered the executions
after a 1982 attempt on his life at a time of war with
Abdel Rahman entered a not guilty plea in Saddam's place,
adding, "You were (head of state), but now you are a
The judge read out the official charges based on evidence
presented since the trial began in October 2005 for each
of the defendants in turn, who had to respond whether they
were innocent or guilty.
The former head of intelligence, Saddam's half brother
Barzan al-Tikriti, was singled out for his role in
arresting some 400 villagers and the interrogations, while
former vice president Taha Yassin Ramadan was blamed for
the destruction of the village's orchards.
"Everything you have said is lies," scoffed Barzan after
the charges against him were read out.
Former judge of the revolutionary court, Awad al-Bandar,
received particularly serious charges since he was the one
who sentenced the 148 villagers to death.
The four other defendants, minor officials of the former
ruling Baath party, were mainly charged with providing the
names of people who were subsequently arrested, tortured,
imprisoned, and in many cases, executed.
In contrast to some of the more turbulent past sessions of
the trial, Monday's pace was swift and the chief judge was
rarely interrupted as he read out the charges. All the
other defendants pleaded their innocence.
The judge said many people under the age of 18 were
executed, a violation of international agreements that had
been signed by Iraq during Saddam's own rule.
Hamas PM vows to resist ‘unholy
Palestinian prime minister
Ismail Haniya, whose Hamas-led government is saddled with
economic sanctions, vowed Monday not to be pressured by an
'unholy alliance' of Israel and the West.
Speaking at a rally in southern Gaza to mark the 58th
anniversary of the "catastrophe" of Israel's creation,
Haniya also appealed for Palestinian unity following
deadly clashes between his faction and the former ruling
The European Union and United States have both suspended
aid payments to the Palestinian Authority since Hamas
formed a new government in March over its refusal to
renounce violence or recognise Israel's right to exist.
The suspension of Western aid compounded an economic
crisis first sparked by Israel's decision to freeze
payment of customs duties it used to collect on behalf of
the Palestinian Authority.
"An unholy alliance is conspiring today to push the
Palestinian government to accept political concessions and
recognise the legitimacy of the occupation of Palestinian
lands," said Haniya in the town of Rafah which borders
"I say by God the Palestinian government will not make any
concessions that infrine on the rights of the Palestinian
people... By God we will not recognise the legitimacy of
Haniya, whose organisation is classified as a terrorist
organisation by Washington, was particularly scathing
about US backing for Israel.
"We say here in Rafah today: 'No and a thousand nos' to
America which wants to take away the rights to our land
and turn us into slaves. We will not be slaves except to
Haniya pledged to tackle the lawlessness which pervades
much of the Gaza Strip and West Bank and was highlighted
by clashes last week between Fatah and Hamas that left
three people dead.
"We must protect Palestinian blood and we must not point
Palestinian weapons at Palestinian chests," he said.
"The government is serious in ending the security chaos
because, as they say, if your house is not tidy within,
then you cannot confront the external challenges."
Developing countries to stake position on Iran nuclear
AFP, Kuala Lumpur
Non-Aligned Movement of developing nations will stake its
position on the Iranian nuclear crisis at the end of the
month, Malaysia's foreign minister was quoted as saying
Foreign Minister Syed Hamid Albar said Iran's nuclear
program will be "extensively discussed" when NAM foreign
ministers gather in Kuala Lumpur from May 27 to prepare
for a leaders' summit later this year.
"We hope the crisis Iran is facing will not reach a
situation where there will be military conflict because
the world does not need another such conflict," he was
quoted as saying in the Star daily.
Malaysia is currently chairing the NAM, which includes
Iran amongst its members, and Syed Hamid said the grouping
did not oppose the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
"We do believe that there is nothing wrong for any country
to look at alternative sources of energy, including
nuclear power, as long as it is intended for peaceful
purposes," he said.
The West fears that Iran is using a civilian atomic energy
programme as a screen to develop nuclear weapons. The
United States is seeking sanctions from the UN Security
Council over Iran's uranium enrichment activities.
Syed Hamid said ministers will decide whether to issue a
separate statement on Iran, or to include the issue in an
expected ministerial declaration.
The Non-Aligned Movement brings together mainly developing
nations and was formed during the Cold War as an
alternative to the Western and Eastern power blocs.
In recent years the grouping has turned its attention to
social issues as it struggles to maintain its relevance in
the modern world.
pledges ‘bold’ nuclear offer for Iran
Union pledged Monday to make a "bold" offer to persuade
Iran to curb its atomic ambitions, including possible
security guarantees and hi-tech help to develop peaceful
EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana said the 25-nation
bloc, tasked with trying to defuse the West's diplomatic
standoff with the Islamic state, could offer Tehran "the
most sophisticated" technology to help its power needs.
"We want to prove to the Iranians that we have nothing
against ... Iran to use nuclear power for peaceful means,"
he told reporters, adding that: "We are going to present a
plan to them, a cooperative project to them."
"If they want to construct nuclear energy power plants
they will have, in cooperation with the European union and
other members of the international community, the best and
most sophisticated technology.
The West fears that Iran is trying to develop a nuclear
weapon behind the screen of a civilian atomic energy
programme. Tehran says it only wants to generate energy.
The United States is seeking sanctions from the UN
Security Council but it has failed to win support for the
move and has given its European allies "a couple of weeks"
to draft a fresh approach.
The EU, whose package must also satisfy Russia and China,
has until Friday-when negotiators from the Security
Council's five permanent members plus Germany meet in
London-to complete its work.
Solana played down comments by Iran's hardline president,
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, rejecting any new EU offer that might
demand that the Islamic republic halt uranium enrichment
"Any offer which requires us to halt our peaceful nuclear
activities will be invalid," Ahmadinejad was quoted as
saying on Sunday by the state news agency IRNA.
"I am surprised that a group of people holds meetings
without us being present there and makes decisions for
us," he said.
Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki told the
ambassadors of Britain, France and Germany on Monday that
"any call for a suspension or pause (in uranium
enrichment) is illogical and unacceptable".
"The Europeans have shown that they don't pay the
slightest attention to our rights and are not sincere when
they say they want to reach a peaceful settlement,"
Iran invasion could see price of oil skyrocket: Chavez
President Hugo Chavez, in London for a flying visit, on
Monday warned the price of oil could rocket past 100
dollars a barrel if war is declared against Iran over its
disputed nuclear programme.
The controversial left-winger made the claim at a news
conference with London Mayor Ken Livingstone, stating his
belief that any such attack would be "madness". But
speaking at London's City Hall, the seat of the British
capital's municipal government the Greater London
Authority, Chavez insisted he does not believe the Islamic
Republic was seeking a nuclear capability.
"We want dialogue, we are not for war. All we want is
respect for the will of the people of Iran," he added.
But he said of any military action against Tehran: "I know
you men and women in London, whatever you are paying for a
gallon of petrol, it would be more.
"The situation would be destabilised against the whole
world and that is why we want peace."
Chavez, whose whistlestop visit to Britain does not
include a meeting with Prime Minister Tony Blair or any
government members, also launched into a now
characteristic attack on US President George W. Bush.
When one BBC journalist sought to compare him with Bush
for interfering in the affairs of other countries, he
responded: "If you are going to compare me to the worst
criminal in humanity-the president of the US-he is an
assassin; he is a criminal responsible for genocide,
completely immoral. "I believe that he should be put in
jail. He has invaded a country. Are we bombing cities?"
The comments followed on from his speech soon after
arriving Sunday in which he denounced the international
community for not standing up to the "American empire" and
in which he said Iraq was the "Vietnam of the 21st
Livingstone, an often off-message member of Blair's
governing Labour Party whose socialist views earned him
the nickname "Red Ken" in the 1980s, said: "I sometimes
have views on George Bush not too dissimilar from yours."
Pages signs deal with Banglalink
Recently Yellow Pages
(Pvt.) Ltd. signed a corporate agreement with banglalink
under its "Professional" package, which is renowned as the
most popular corporate offer in the market, says a press
Yellow Pages (Pvt.) Ltd. started its operation in the year
of 1990 with the "Yellow Pages" Trade. Bangladesh Yellow
Pages® being published by Yellow Pages (Pvt.) Ltd. have
been playing the most important and effective role in the
area of trade and commerce over a decade as business
information directory home and aboard.
Yellow Pages (Pvt.) Ltd. already introduced "online"
information service and also set up website to focus
Bangladesh globally. Yellow Pages (Pvt.) ltd. is also
providing online services through telephone and e-mail to
meet the needs and satisfy the queries of people. In
continuation to their dynamic and up to-date service, they
have also launched a unique directory information service
for banglalink customers.
AIM Hasanul Mujib, Managing Director of Yellow Pages
(Pvt.) Ltd and Tanvir Ibrahim, Head of Corporate Sales of
banglalink signed the agreement on behalf of their
respective organizations. Jamal Alam Khan, Manager, Web
and Network and Md. Firoz Ahmmed Bhuiyan, Executive of
Yellow Pages (Pvt) Ltd and, Nasar Yousuf, Supervisor,
Corporate Sales, Faria Sanzina Alam, Executive, Corporate
Sales of banglalink were also present at the ceremony.
steady against taka, falls further against majors
The US dollar on Tuesday remained
steady against the Bangladesh taka, but lower further
against major foreign currencies, dealers said.
The dollar eased as the foreign exchange market fretted
over prospects for a pause in the US interest rate rise,
The US currency has fallen heavily over the past months
amid growing concern over the global economic imbalances
with a speculation of the US interest rate hike and
signs of forex reserve diversification by world central
In the domestic market, the US dollar traded at
69.95/70.80 taka per unit in inter-bank trading in line
with its previous closing on Sunday, dealers of various
commercial banks said.
But in the kerb market, the dollar traded higher ranging
71.80/72.00 taka per unit as it was in the previous day,
"The demand for US currency remained strong as pressure
for import payments was high as the supply of dollar is
yet to pick up", dealers of leading commercial banks
The volume of foreign exchange transactions was also
higher than that of the previous day as most
international markets resumed operations after weekend
holidays on Saturday and Sunday.
The US dollar, the UK pound sterling, the euro, the
Japanese yen were the mostly transacted currencies
against the Bangladesh taka in the local foreign
The euro advanced to 1.2813 dollars from 1.2795 dollars
late on Monday in New York while the dollar dipped at
110.29 yen from 110.49 yen, dealers said.
Despite the euro's sharp appreciation, the ECB is
expected to lift its key rate next month by a quarter
point to 2.75 per cent, while the Bank of Japan is
poised to lift borrowing costs some time soon for the
first time in years, market analysts said.
Borrowing costs stand at 5.0 per cent in the United
Meanwhile, on Tuesday, China's National Foreign Exchange
Center set the central parity rate for the yuan currency
at 8.0150 to the dollar per day after allowing the US
unit to fall below the symbolic threshold.
Monday's strengthening of the yuan came after the
release of a semi-annual US Treasury report into global
currency policies that criticised China but stopped
short of labelling the Asian nation a currency
Indian companies bullish over
remain upbeat about the surging economy but fear rising
costs could hit prices, a business survey reported on
Monday. More than three-quarters of the 439 respondents
said they expect higher sales over the next months, the
Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)
said. "The performance of the Indian economy has seen a
quantum jump and it is moving on to a new growth
trajectory," the group said. The central bank has forecast
the economy will grow at about eight percent in the fiscal
year started April, the second year in a row at that pace.
But nearly 70 per cent of the companies surveyed reported
that rising costs were holding back their performance.
"The increase in oil prices and other raw materials
continue to be a serious cause of concern for members of
corporate India," it added. India, which imports 70
percent of its energy needs, lags in the frenzied global
race to secure fuel supplies to feed its burgeoning
economy. Coupled with other rising costs, this has forced
companies to think about price rises. The report found
that 38 percent of companies were planning to increase
prices in the coming six months, according to the FICCI
study from the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ending
But it said a fourth year of high growth was well within
reach with the economy currently growing at about eight
More than 40 percent of companies said they planned to
increase employment. The survey was based on responses
from companies across sectors ranging from heavy equipment
to travel and tourism.
Pakistan to import 100 more items from India
the approaching deadline for implementation of the South
Asian Free Trade agreement (SAFTA), Pakistan is planning
to import 100 more items from India from the next fiscal.
Islamabad had received a list of 286 items from India
during the third round of Joint Study Group held here, out
of which the Commerce Ministry identified 100 items, which
would be included in the positive list, for the time
being, Pakistan daily 'Business Recorder' quoted officials
Preference would be given to those items on which duty is
about five per cent and are not locally manufactured, the
officials said adding that the list would be finalised at
an inter-ministerial meeting to be held after the budget,
after seeking approval from the Prime Minister and the
Cabinet. If the 100 items are included, the positive list
would reach upto 882 items as the decision to import
cement from India could be withdrawn as the prices of the
locally manufactured cement may come down the Economic
Advisor to Finance Ministry Ashfaque Hasan Khan said.
Spectre of civil war batters investor confidence in Lanka
Fears Sri Lanka could return
to civil war have punched a hole in investor confidence
and wiped millions of dollars off the value of local
shares, analysts said on Tuesday.
The tiny Colombo Stock Exchange has shed nearly 53 billion
rupees (5.3 million dollars) of its value since the crisis
deepened last month, official figures showed.
The benchmark ASI index has slumped by 7.4 percent since
April 7 when violence began spiking as domestic and
foreign investors sold out rather than risk staying.
"The spate of violence has shaken foreign (investor)
confidence levels," said Vajira Kulatilake, chief
executive of NDB Investment Bank.
"Once they slip into their shell they take time to come
out. It's hard to shake off that negative perception,"
In April, international ratings agencies Fitch and
Standard and Poor's downgraded the island's credit outlook
to negative from stable, citing the fears of a slide back
The conflict between the majority Sinhalese and minority
Tamils has claimed over 60,000 lives since 1972 but a
truce was brokered in February 2002. "A resumption of
full-scale hostilities could have negative implications
for the country's already stressed fiscal and debt
position, and likely impair its previously adequate level
of external balances," Standard and Poor's said.
The uncertainty is spooking companies which before the
escalation in violence had hoped to take advantage of a
boom in the stock market.
Many are delaying plans for initial public offerings (IPOs)
"simply because of the fear of undersubscription," said
Murtaza Jafferjee, managing director of JB Stockbrokers.
Among those companies which have put off their IPOs are
Sri Lanka Insurance Corp., the island's largest insurance
company, local footwear maker D. Samson Industries,
confectionary giant Munchee and Asia Power.
Another drag on the economy is record oil prices, analysts
The Central Bank has forecast the economy will expand by
over six percent this year after growing by six percent in
2005 but economists now say that target could be missed.
"Our next stage of growth requires huge investment in
infrastructure," said Jafferjee. "If the government is
distracted fighting a war, these investments will not
happen and the economy will slow down."
supply up by 5 crore liters
The supply of
water by the Dhaka WASA has increased by five crore liters
every day from last week after strengthening the
monitoring system, operation of eight deep tubewells and
other necessary measures.
Secretary of the Local Government Division (LGD) SM
Zahurul Islam on Tuesday said this while addressing a
press briefing at the conference room of the division in
Secretariat here. He said the demand for water in the
capital is 200 crore liters daily while the Dhaka WASA
supplies 163 crore liters by its 430 pumps and four water
treatment plants. The secretary, however, hoped that the
situation would be developed very soon as work for
installation of new tubewells and deep tubewells is going
on in full swing to ease the present water crisis.
Referring to the measures undertaken for proper supply of
water at Sanir Akhra, Zahurul Islam said troops have been
deployed to solve the problem there. The secretary said
legal actions would be taken against the persons
concerned, who failed to supply water.
He said three officials of the mode zone-3 of the Dhaka
WASA have been suspended temporarily for creating the
water crisis at Sanir Akhra. The investigative committee
would submit its report very soon, he added.
Zahurul Islam also expressed his optimism that the steps
undertaken by the government to mitigate the water crisis
in the capital would be completed within one year.
"There will be no water crisis in the capital if no-2 and
no- 3 phases of the Sayedabad Water Treatment Plant and
the Mawa Water Treatment Plant are completed, which will
raise water supply by 112 crore liters daily," he
to give 9 lac euro
RDRS for women's welfare
agreement was signed between the Netherlands Embassy and
RDRS Bangladesh on Tuesday at RDRS Dhaka office.
Under this agreement, the Netherlands Development
Cooperation Programme will provide support to work for
elimination of violence against women and protect
women's rights in northwest Bangladesh through the
second phase of the LEGAL(Legal Education and Gender
Aware Leadership) programme of RDRS. The Dutch
contribution will be approximately Euro 900,000 over the
next five years, said a press release. Kees Beemsterboer,
Ambassador of the Netherlands and Kamaluddin Akbar,
executive director of RDRS signed the agreement on
behalf of their respective sides.
Unrest mounts at Platinum Jute
Our Correspondent, Khulna
Workers unrest mounts high at the state owned Platinum
Jubilee Jute Mill at Khalishpur industrial belt in Khulna
city centring their demand for payment of all their dues
and buying enough jute to keep smooth production in the
The labourers confined the officials at their office
chambers on Monday noon for the second time in 12 hours
and continued it till filing this report at 7:15 pm.
According to the locals, several hundred jute mill workers
of the mill stopped their works and confined the officials
within their chambers to press home their demands on
Sunday 2:30 pm.
They released the officials from about 10 hours'
confinement on Monday at around 0:30 am after the local
public representatives, police, collective bargaining
agent leaders and officials declared to pay a part of
their dues. The labourers and workers of the mill again
confined the mill officials from their second shift on
Monday at around 1:00 pm and took place around the mill's
administrative building, as the authority did not pay any
due to the labourers.
The labourers had been urging slogans expressing their
demands again and again during the sit-in. The Khalishpur
thana police said extra police forces were deployed at the
mill area and the situation was under control.
Rival BNP factions hold
separate rallies in Khulna
Our Correspondent, Khulna
Two factions of
Khulna BNP on Monday afternoon arranged separate rallies
and processions in the city to observe their central
committee declared protest programme to present their
BNP lawmaker Ali Asgar Lobby, district president Majedul
Islam and member secretary Saharuzzaman Mortuza led
faction arranged the rally in front of Khulna BNP office
at KD Ghosh Road at 5:00 pm while BNP lawmaker M Nurul
Islam and former city general secretary Nazrul Islam
Monju led faction arranged the rally at Shaheed Maharaj
Square, about 100 meters away from the party office.
Lobby-Majedul-Mortuza led faction arranged the rally
under the banner of Khulna district and city convening
committee where City convening committee member
Nuruzzaman Khokon chaired.
Nurul-Monju led faction arranged the rally under the
banner of Khulna district and city unit of BNP where M
Nurul Islam chaired. Former city general secretary
Nazrul Islam, district general secretary Shafiqul Alam
Mona and SM Morshed Alam also spoke.
College teachers, employees urge govt to meet their
TBT Representative, Comilla
A conference of teachers and employees of non-government
educational institutions held at Comilla town hall
auditorium on Tuesday morning.
Teachers and employees of the non-government educational
institutions at the conference urged the government to
meet their eight-point demands.
The conference was arranged by the Jatiya Shikkhak
Karmachari Front, Chittagong division. Chief Coordinator
of Jatiya Shikkhak Karmachari Front and President of
Bangladesh College Tea-chers Association, Principal Kazi
Faru-que Ahmed, attended the programme as chief guest,
while President of Ban-gladesh College University
Teachers Association, Principal Md. Shahjahan, President
of Bangladesh Teachers Association, Md. Azizul Islam,
Presi-dent of Bangladesh Karigari Shikkhak Samity,
Principal Abdus Sattar, General Secretary of Bangladesh
College Teachers Association, Prof. Asadul Hoq,
Secretary General of the same MMA Jalil, and Principal
Abdul Majid attended the conference as special guests.
President of the association , Comilla unit, Principal
Md. Abdur Rouf, presided over the conference. Secretary
General of Bangladesh Shikkha Pratisthan Karmachari
Federation, M. Arju, General Secretary of Bangladesh
Karigari Shikkhak Samity, Principal Mohammad Ali Hossain
Chowdhury, General Secretary of Bangladesh
College-University Teachers Association, Principal Abdur
Rashid, Principal Alamgir Kabir Patowari, Principal
Mamunur Rashid, Prof. Pradip Narayan Saha, Principal
Kazi Majibur Rahman, Principal Shafiqur Rahman,
Principal Shahjahan Chowdhury, Principal Tapash Baxi,
Professor Md. Rafiqul Alam, Professor Abdul Ali, among
others, spoke on the occasion.
The programme was conducted by Dr. Ali Hossain Chowdhury,
Professor Fatema Akhter Rubi and Professor Md. Faruque.
More than one thousand college teachers and employees
from different areas of Chittagong division attended the
Huge phensidyl and ganja seized, two arrested, RAB
Police, BDR and Rapid Action Battalion in separate drives
seized 686 bottles of contraband phensidyl, one maund of
ganja and arrested two persons from different places of
three northern districts during the past two days. Police
sources said Syedpur police recovered 80 bottles of
smuggled Indian phensidyl from a Dhaka-bound night coach
of Nabil Paribahan on Saturday night.
Members of Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) of Fulbari 15 Rifle
battalion seized 466 bottles of smuggled phensidyl packed
in seven cartons from frontier village Dharmojan near
Khanpur border of Dianjpur and 75 bottles of phensidyl
from Khanpur cattle corridor of the nearby area in
separate drives on Saturday night.
One RAB member was injured when the elite force challenged
a group of 14/15 drug traffickers on Maligram-Sadigram
border in Dinajpur on Saturday night when they were
entering Bangladesh from India with smuggled drugs. The
smugglers attacked RAB injuring its member Yusuf Ali on
the spot. RAB managed to arrest one of the drug
traffickers Mosarraf Hossain, 45, son of Kafil Uddin of
Baltoir village in the same area and seized 105 bottles
phensidyl. The injured RAB member and the arrested person
were admitted to Dinajpur Medical College Hospital.
Detective Branch of Bogra police seized one maund (40kgs)
of smuggled ganja at 9:30 pm last night from a sand-laden
truck at Ganeshpur near Mokamtola on the Rangpur-Daka
highway under Shibganj upazila of Bogra. DB police also
arrested driver of the truck Dolan, 30, son of Mohsin Ali
of Kazitola village in the same area.