(click here for printable
How Much is
(with student introduction and questions)
Interview with Joseph Podles
Hull House Settlement House
Excerpts from "A Living Wage",
by John A. Ryan
Advertisements from the Early 20th
Century Sears and Roebuck Catalogue Hire's Root Beer
"The Well-Dressed Woman,"
"Dressing Well on Small Means," Ladies' Home Journal
"The Cost of Christian Living,"
"The Fallacy of 'Bettering One's Position," Catholic World
"Influence of Wealth on 'the
Higher Life' " Gunton's Magazine
"A Personal Question"
"Why Do Americans Prefer Small Families?" by Lydia Kingsmill
"The Small Family and National Decadence" The American Ecclesiastical
"More Conscience for the
Consumer" by Caroline Hunt
"The Tenement" by Jacob
"Cornelia Stewart's Bedroom"
How Much is Enough?
A Budget Exercise for the Consumer
in Chicago Illinois, is
the most well-known of the period's settlement houses. It was found in
and Ellen Gates Starr. Hull House's 1894 charter stated its intention:
provide a center
for the higher civic and social life; to institute and maintain
philanthropic enterprises, and to investigate and improve the
conditions in the
industrial districts of Chicago."1 In
1893, as part of their mission, Hull House
participated in the Department of Labor's investigation of "slums" in
States cities. This was just one of the many investigations in which
between 1892 and 1910. For three months, investigators went into each
house, and room to asks its occupants a series of questions ranging
from age and
nationality to employment and wage history for each member of the
family or families
in residence. The tendency of people to move often and change jobs
the investigators' jobs difficult.
report consisted of a
series of notes and maps documenting the conditions in which many
and the problems they faced each day. Hull House published the notes
"with the hope of stimulating inquiry and action, and evolving new
methods."2 They believed that by
quantifying the condition of the "most inert and
long-suffering citizens," they could "state symptoms in order to
nature of disease, and apply, it may be, its cure, [this] is not only
but in the highest sense humanitarian."3
you examine the questionnaire the investigators used, note the types of
questions and the information the government was looking for.
Click on Image to Enlarge (PDF format)
Document courtesy of
Catholic University of America
After reading the Questionnaire, consider the following:
- What kinds of living and working conditions do you
have prompted such questions?
- How would you have felt being asked these questions?
1Robert A. Woods and Albert J.
Kennedy, ed., Handbook
of Settlements (New York: Arno Press, 1970 [c1911]), 53.
2Residents of Hull-House, Hull-House Maps
and Papers (New York:
Arno Press, 1970 [c1895]), 13.