External Links
Latest Games
The Week In Chess
Chessbase
New In Chess
Chessmix
Ingo's
Net Chess News
Convekta
Rus Chess
Chess.gr
Cleveland

Forums
About.com Chess Forum
rec.games.chess.misc
rec.games.chess.analysis
Chessville
ChessPublishing
Chess Ninja and TWIC
Chessdatabase@Yahoo
ChessReviews@Yahoo
UnorthodoxChessOpenings
ChessChat@Yahoo
ChessParrot@Yahoo
ChessTalk(Canada)
Chessgames
FIDE Forum
Avler Chess Forum

Searchable databases
Chessbase Online
Chess Lab
NICBase Online
Chessgames.com

Chess History
World Championship
Chessmetrics
Chess Cafe
Edward Winter
Cree's World/US/USSR ch
Bill Wall
Chess Archaeology
Storia degli Scacchi
Yahoo History List
La Mecca
Yahoo History Forum
Chess History.com
19th C matches
Jan van Reek
John Pope's CRM
Viking Chess
Chess Maniac
Sarah Beth Cohen

Play blitz chess online
Internet Chess Club
Playchess.com
Chess Live USCF

Instant Chess
FICS
Chess.net
Caissa
Chess Anytime
World Chess Network
Cex Brazil
ChessRally

Play chess & other games
Yahoo Games
Pogo
Shockwave
Lycos Gamesville
Game Colony
Real Arcade
Nabisco World
Brainking
Free World Group
MSN Gaming Zone

Play a computer online
GNUChess online
Jester
tkChess
Lokasoft
Thinking Machine
Postcard Chess
JavaChess

Chess News
British Chess Magazine
FIDE
Chess Oracle
Chess Events Maastricht
Yahoo India
John Henderson
Corr.Chess News
Mind Sports
Smart Chess

Software
Chessbase
Shredder
Winboard
Arena
Lokasoft/Rebel
Chess Assistant
Bookup
WBEC Ridderkerk
UCIengines
SigmaChess
Chess Academy
WML Software
Pro Deo free engine
Crafty free engine (FTP)
SCID free database
Ubisoft Chessmaster
Aaron's Chess Engines FAQ

Blogs/Columns
Chess Curiosities
Daily Dirt
Robert Byrne
Lubomir Kavalek
Jaan Ehlvest

Game Collections
Chess Analysis Project
Darkside FTP
Chess lib
UPitt@Chessopolis
University of Pittsburgh
TWIC/Part 2
Old in Chess
Ossimitz
Balzer's links
MyChessSite
Brilliancies
En Passant
Gambit Chess
Robert Hyatt
Ajedrez de Estilo
Chess Collect
File Library
Olimpbase

Chessville Openings
Schach-Datenbank

National databases
Dutchbase
Rusbase II
USA Base
Britbase
Ger Base
Montreal Base
Rusbase
Base Francaise
Canbase II

Player databases
GMChess
Chesscorner
Observer
Chessville
Schach Partien
Schach Therapeut
ChessZone
Heydebrand und der Lasa

Endgames
Nalimov Tablebases
Endings

Big Book Stores
Amazon US
Abe Books
Alibris
Chessco US
Used Book Central
Half.com
Amazon Canada
Books A Million US
Buy.com
Amazon UK
Barnes & Noble
Chapters Indigo
Wholesale Chess
Textbookx U.S.
Blackwell's
Powell's
U.S. Chess Federation
Chess 4 Less
Chess Fed. of Canada
Chess Direct UK
Niggeman
Chess & Bridge UK
British Chess Magazine

Players
Viswanathan Anand
Viswanathan Anand
Vladimir Kramnik
Vladimir Kramnik
Alex Morozevich
Kevin Spraggett
Rashid Nezhmetdinov
Coffee Break
Bobby Fischer

Play by Email
It's Your Turn
Game Knot
Let's Play Chess
Chess World

Gold Token
Red Hot Pawn
Instant Chess
Chess Maniac
ICCF Webchess
Postcard Chess
Playchess.de
Chess Friend(IECG)
IECC

Print Magazines
New In Chess
British Chess Magazine
Chess Life
Chess Informant
Kingpin
Chess Mail
64(Russian)
Europe Echecs
Translation

Libraries
Cleveland
Dutch National
State Library of Victoria
New York
Library of Congress
British Library
Max Euwe Centrum
Russian State Library
Princeton

Book Reviews
Chesscafe
Chessville
John Elburg
Seagaard
Jeremy Silman
John Watson

Publishers
Batsford
Dover
Everyman Books
Hardinge Simpole
McFarland
Moravian Chess
Georg Olms

Small Book Stores
Chess House
Smart Chess
Chess Central
Whirlwind Chess
Fred Wilson
Chess First! Canada
Chess Praxis Can.

Chess Videos
The Chess Piece
Chess Video
Grandmaster Development

Other sites
About.com
Chess Problems
Chess City
Professional Ratings
PGN Utilities
A.J. Goldsby
Chess Champs

Feedback is welcome.
Send me email.

Chess Tournament and Match History

Player biographies Events Timeline
Strongest tournaments Chess records
Periodicals FIDE zonal tournaments

Hello and welcome to my web site on chess history. Here you will find a timeline of all the major chess tournaments and matches played over the last century and a half or so, along with some short biographies/ tournament records for Bobby Fischer, Gary Kasparov, Emanuel Lasker, Mikhail Botvinnik and other leading players in chess history. There are still a lot of blanks to be filled in and doubtless quite a few mistakes, but I hope to expand on this information as time allows. If I have left out a favourite event or player, or you spot a mistake, please do drop me a line.

What's New: August 22nd, 2006 - I discover that my service provider has accidently deleted this whole site. I have re-uploaded most of it, but some links may not work.

September 8, 2005 - I've added a few links on chess software (on the left about half way down). On the recent engine rating lists (CSS, CEGT, Chess War), Shredder 9 UCI seems to be getting top marks with the free engine Fruit 2.1 (available at WBEC Ridderkerk) not far behind. Fruit seems to run well on Arena, a free graphical user interface.

June 23, 2005 - I've started work on a couple of pages on the FIDE zonal tournaments. Thanks to Mark Weeks, the moderator at About.com Chess Forum for his detailed feedback on the zonals. I've also been expanding and revising a lot of the player mini-biographies and added a new one on Geza Maroczy.

June 1, 2005 - Revised a whole bunch of player bios, added one for Nezhmetdinov (thanks to Xplor for feedback) and added more database, forum and news links.

May 29, 2005 - I have completely revised my strongest tournaments page, extending the list to 100 tournaments and adding a few more pgn files.

May 28, 2005 - Created a new page listing the winners for various super tournament series': Vienna, London, Carlsbad, USSR championships, Interzonals, Candidates Tournaments, Alekhine Memorials, Wijk aan Zee, Las Palmas, Dortmund, Tilburg, Linares, World Cups and Dos Hermanas.

May 23, 2005 - I have begun work on a page on the history of chess in Canada.

May 22, 2005 - I have updated my records page to include the top ten performance ratings for men and women through history.

May 18, 2005 - Minor additions to Khalifman's entry in the biography section.

March 27, 2005 - I've updated Geller's biography, added a new game of his, and started converting the annotated games to a form of PGN that should be easier for database programs like Chessbase to read.

March 6, 2005 - Recently, I've been corresponding with Paul Keiser about the dreaded Halloween Gambit: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nxe5!? Those interested in this fascinating line are invited to consult his excellent review on Chessville: Part 1 and Part 2. Tim Krabbe also has an interesting article on this line.

February 25, 2005 - Linares is starting, so I brought my tournament timeline back up to date.

February 5, 2005 - I made some corrections to Mikhail Tal's biography, and added links to relevant sites and a bibliography of books about Tal and Fischer.

December 23, 2004 - Two more days till Christmas, and I'm still shopping. I've put up a list of online bookstores from the U.S., Canada and the U.K. that sell chess books (see left). My impression is that large general bookstores like Amazon US, Abe Books and Alibris seem to be cheaper, and have a better selection of books than speciality stores like USCF Sales (Chess Cafe), the CFC or Chess Direct in the UK. Chessco seemed to be the cheapest of the speciality shops. Anyway, I hope you all have a Merry Christmas.

December 16, 2004 - In preparation for Christmas, added links to chess-related book review sites, book stores and publishers.

September 29, 2004 - Updated my links. Vladimir Kramnik has a new site. This site seems to have been put up to commemorate Kramnik's match with Leko which has its own site. Chessbase columnist Mig Greengard can now be found at Chess Ninja. I also received an email from A. J. Goldsby, so I've added a link to his site.

November 30, 2003 - Thanks to Claudio Sericano for letting me know about his site La grande storia degli scacchi where he has extensive crosstables for historical tournaments around the world, as well as a history of chess in Italy.

November 27, 2003 - Thanks to Lars Balzar for sending me his new URL.

July 28, 2003 - Thanks go out to Oded Ross for pointing out some mistakes and recent results for my timeline and records page.

July 7, 2003 - I added a few new games to my Mackenzie file (see below). Chesslinks, John Hilbert and Sarah Beth all have pages on Mackenzie. Sarah Beth even lets you view all the games in my old Mackenzie file online. In a very sad loss, Schach-datenbank has gone down, although apparently Chessbase now includes their games. Some of it can still be accessed on the Internet Archive. Kudos to Robert Musicant at rec.games.chess.misc for pointing out some mistakes.

July 5, 2003 - I've added pgn files for Wijk aan Zee 2001 and Zurich Candidates to my tournaments page. Made a few corrections to my Kasparov page.

July 2, 2003 - I've put up all four pages of my player biographies series: Adams to Euwe, Fine to Kasparov, Keres to Portisch and Reshevsky to Zukertort. I wrote these some time ago, but am now slowly revising them to make them more readable.

June. 25, 2003 - I updated my tournaments page which now has the top 24 events in zipped pgn for download.

Feb. 2, 2003 - Updated my links. Mig Greengard's entertaining column can be found at Chessbase.

Sept. 29, 2002 - I put up a short bibliography of important chess periodicals in English, French, German, Russian and Latvian with web links for those that are still active.

Sept. 27, 2002 - I have added a lot of new entries to my timeline particularly the 19th Century and 1986-2002 pages. I have also put together a zipped pgn file with George Henry Mackenzie's games because I couldn't find one elsewhere on the web. Originally from Scotland, Mackenzie joined the Northern army in the U.S. Civil War, and was probably the best player in the U.S. from 1866 until Steinitz's arrival in 1883. One of the world's top ten from about 1878 to 1888, his most impressive victory was a first ahead of Blackburne, Zukertort, Englisch, Weiss, Bardeleben, Tarrasch and L.Paulsen at the 5th German championship in Frankfurt in 1887. Mackenzie was also the one who broke Steinitz's 25 game winning streak by forcing a draw in the third round at Vienna 1882.

Sept. 6, 2002 - I have added a page with Mikhail Botvinnik's match and tournament record.

Sept. 5, 2002 - I have put up a page on Emanuel Lasker's match and tournament record.

Aug. 28, 2002 - I have extensively revised my chess records page. It has information on the longest winning and unbeaten streaks, most impressive match and tournament performances, youngest grandmasters, most consecutive tournament wins, highest elo performance ratings, tournaments won by a clean score, etc.

Aug. 24, 2002 - I have added short pages on the international tournaments at Moscow 1935 and Hastings 1895 with crosstables and pgn files for download.

Aug. 23, 2002 - I have revised my page on USSR vs. the rest of the World match of the century that took place in Belgrade in 1970. I have brought Gary Kasparov's biography up to date to the Eurotel tournament in Prague in April 2002.