His Excellency Saparmurat Niyazov "Turkmenbashi"
President of Turkmenistan
and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers
was born on February 19, 1940, into a worker's family in Ashgabat. His
father died in battle in World War II and the remaining members of his
family perished in Ashgabat’s massive earthquake of 1948. He was raised
first in an orphanage and later in the home of his distant
Mr. Niyazov graduated
from the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in 1966 with a degree in power
engineering and began work at the Bezmeinskaya Power Station near
In 1962 Mr. Niyazov became a member of the Communist Party. In 1985 he was
appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Turkmenistan and was
subsequently elected First Secretary of the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of Turkmenistan, the highest state and party post. On
January 13, 1990, Mr. Niyazov became Chairman of the Supreme Soviet, the
supreme legislative body in the republic.
On October 27, 1990, Mr. Niyazov was elected the first president of the
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Under his leadership, on October 27,
1991, Turkmenistan proclaimed its sovereignty from the Soviet Union. In a
second presidential election held on June 21, 1991, which was necessitated
by the adoption of the new constitution, Mr. Niyazov was elected President
of the Republic of Turkmenistan. Mr. Niyazov is also Chairman of the
Cabinet of Ministers and Chairman of the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan.
Mr. Niyazov's success as President of Turkmenistan has been attributed to
his extensive and productive work in stabilizing the economic situation of
the country. He has established Turkmenistan's international prestige and
has displayed concern for the people's well-being. Following his election,
one of the first resolutions to be adopted was a decree on the free use of
water, gas and electricity by the people of Turkmenistan.
As founder and president of the Association of Turkmens of the World, Mr.
Niyazov holds the official title of Turkmenbashi, Leader of all Ethnic
Mr. Niyazov was awarded the Magtymguly International Prize for
achieving the aim of Magtymguly, the great Turkmen poet and
philosopher: the establishment of an independent state of
Mr. Niyazov is married and has two children. He is interested in poetry,
philosophy, history and music.