December 8, 2006                      Archives                             Shabbat Vayishlach

Issue 49
Rabbi Israel Goldfarb

In this issue …

Rabbi Israel Goldfarb served as the spiritual leader of this congregation for more than a third of its one hundred fifty years. Congregation Baith Israel engaged him to be their Hazzan in the summer of 1905 following their move to the Harrison Street Synagogue. Within a year, they renewed his contract as Hazzan, Rabbi and Principal of the Religious Schools. Rabbi Goldfarb’s sensitive leadership guided the congregation through good times and bad: the merger of Cngregation Baith Israel and Talmud Torah Anshei Emes, two World Wars, the crash and great Depression and the demographic shift away from the neighborhood.

The future leader was born December 15, 1879 in Sieniewa, Galicia, Poland, in the week following Shabbat Vayishlach. Once again, we turn to Genesis 32:25-33 and contemplate the ambiguous story of Jacob's nocturnal "wrestling match" with the mysterious, divine being. The Rabbis wonder about the identity of this nocturnal opponent:  Was he Jacob's conscience? God? Jacob’s long estranged brother, Esau?  A being that signifies the past, present and future enemies of the people Israel? Jacob emerges victorious from this struggle and is renamed Israel, "For you have striven with the Divine and with man and have overcome."  Jacob was able to persevere in this struggle only because of his two prior maturing decades sojourning with Laban and building his family, estate, social standing, reputation and ethical sensitivity. From the Torah's standpoint, "winning at life” involves a prolonged commitment to children, spouse, family, faith and the future of one's people.

The name “Israel” was well chosen for Israel Goldfarb. Past issues of The Synagogue Journal document the synagogue during the Goldfarb era. This week we focus more on the man: Synagogue Leader, Religious School Principal, Musician, Professor and Community Leader. The photographs, biographies and writings are intended to convey a sense of his energy and style and the reasons he was so beloved. The congregation honored him at anniversary dinners four times: in 1915, 1940, 1944 and 1956. They placed a plaque in his memory in the Sanctuary lobby. Now, a new generation at Kane Street, striving to learn about his musical legacy, presented a concert and discussion in April 2005, “Israel Goldfarb and His Progeny: The Choral Tradition at Kane Street Synagogue,” and symposium in March 2006, “Keeping the Faith in Brooklyn,” with musicologists who spoke about the significance of the Goldfarb songsters and the character of his melodies.    

During his fifty-four-years with the Congregation, Rabbi Goldfarb worked with seventeen presidents and four shamus’. He officiated at several thousand life cycle events, conferring blessings at Births, B’nai Mitzvah, Confirmations, marriages and funerals.  May his memory be a blessing.

It has been a great privilege to work with the Goldfarb family. Many thanks to Joseph Goldfarb, Henry Michelman, Belle Goldfarb Lehrman, Sarah Simon Rubinow and Ned Alterman for materials and guidance. Excerpts from conversations with Joseph and Belle about their father and the synagogue appear in Journal archives: Issue 6 - Sacred Music, Issue 7 - Harrison Street Synagogue, Issue 20 - B’nai Mitzvah, Issue 36 - Children, Issue 37 - Shabbat, Issue 38 Rosh Hashanah, Issue 39 - Yom Kippur, Issue 40 - Sukkot and Simchat Torah, Issue 44 - Jews in America.

Carol Levin, Editor 
HistoricalJournal@KaneStreet.org

Contents ...

Portrait
This photograph from 1916 of Rabbi Goldfarb appeared in the Sixtieth Anniversary journal. The publication included thirteen photograghs of synagogue leaders.
(scroll to image)

A Biographical Sketch
A page from the 1940 dinner souvenir book provides the Rabbi’s biography.
(scroll to item)

Your Children’s Jewish Education
As Principal of the congregation’s Religious Schools, Rabbi Goldfarb admonished Jewish Parents, “For the sake of the future happiness of your children, do you duty. Send them to Hebrew and Sunday School.” This ad appeared in the 30th Anniversary Journal, January 30, 1938.
(scroll to ad)

Goldfarb Publications
The Jewish Songster Publishing Company was located at 360 Clinton Street, Brooklyn, the Goldfarb residence. Rabbi Goldfarb’s brother, Samuel Eliezer Goldfarb, occupied a floor of the brownstone. Samuel was the Head of the Music Department at the Bureau of Jewish Education and synagogue Choral Director. Thelma Goldfarb, the Goldfarb’s eldest daughter, taught music at PS29 and the Sunday School. The company produced a variety of works by Israel, Samuel and Thelma. This article provides a booklist and titles of music included in Song & Praise for Sabbath Eve, The Jewish Songster (parts I & II) and Synagogue Melodies for the High Holy Days.
(scroll to article)

Centennial Message
Rabbi Goldfarb's message for the Centennial Banquet Journal concludes with, “’Chazack Ve’ematz!   Be strong and of good courage!’ And may our planting of today reward us with a rich harvest in the years to come!”
(scroll to message)

Centennial Fundraiser
Rabbi Goldfarb, the honoree, poses with Centennial Chairman and synagogue benefactor Herman Belth, President Oscar Hertz and Sisterhood President Miriam Ilson. The Rabbi drew many families who had moved from Downtown Brooklyn to this benefit at the Waldorf Astoria.
(scroll to photograph)

In Memoriam
The Jewish Theological Seminary of America included this tribute in memory of Rabbi Goldfarb at Graduation Exercises June 4, 1967. Rabbi Goldfarb graduated from Solomon Schechter’s first graduating class at JTS in 1902 and spoke at his memorial service.
(scroll to item)

Israel Goldfarb, Rabbi, Composer, ‘Father of Congregational Singing’ is Dead at 87
Credit: The New York Times, February 14, 1967
Rabbi Goldfarb died during a newspaper strike; few people saw this obituary.
(scroll to article)

The Journey of a Hebrew Melody: Rabbi Israel Goldfarb’s Shalom Aleichem
This article by Rabbi Henry D. Michelman appeared in Rayonot, a publication of Park Avenue Synagogue, New York, 2003.
(scroll to article)

Portrait
Credit: This photograph from 1916 of Rabbi Goldfarb appeared in the Sixtieth Anniversary journal.

A Biographical Sketch
Credit: Anniversary Souvenir Book, 1940.


 

Your Children’s Jewish Education
Credit: 30th Anniversary Journal, January 30, 1938.


 

Goldfarb Publications
The Jewish Songster Publishing Company, located at the Goldfarb residence at 360 Clinton Street, Brooklyn, published works by Rabbi Israel Goldfarb (IG), his brother Samuel Eliezer Goldfarb (SG), daughter Thelma Goldfarb (TG) and father Nathaniel David Goldfarb (ND). The Rabbi instructed Hazanuth at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and Hebrew Union College. Samuel Goldfarb, Head of the Music Department at the Bureau of Jewish Education, led the synagogue’s choir. Thelma Goldfarb taught music at PS29 and the Sunday school. The lists of music that follow the booklist below note Goldfarb compositions, arrangements and adaptations. 

The Jewish Songster – 1918
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb
The Jewish Songster Publishing Company advertised later editions of this book as the “Standard Song Book in the Jewish religious schools of hundreds of congregations.”  

Song and Praise for Sabbath Eve - 1920
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Rabbi Israel Herbert Levinthal
“Contains 8 service, Z’miros, Hymns and liturgic songs – 120 pages of Hebrew and English Texts and Music for use at Synagogue gatherings, in connection with the late Friday evening sermon or discourse”

The Jewish Songster - 1925
Music for Voice and Piano
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb
“Vol. 1 – Contains 120 choice festival songs in Hebrew, English and Yiddish, arranged for voice and piano.
Religious Schools of Congregation Beth Israel Anshe Emes”

The Jewish Songster - 1929
Music for Voice and Piano
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb
“Vol. II – Contains 113 choice Palestinian and general songs in Hebrew, English and Yiddish.”

A Pocket Songster
“A collection of 35 popular songs in Hebrew, Yiddish and English for Rallies, community “Sings” and festive gathering.
Handy Pocket Size”

Friday Evening Melodies
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb
“A complete Friday Evening Service. Arranged in two voices for children’s choirs, with piano or organ accompaniment. Can also be used by adult choirs. Original melodies, simple, traditional and inspiring. Contains also Z’imiros and Grace after Meals”

Avodath Yisoro-El - 1946
Sabbath Morning Service for Cantor, Congregation and Choir
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb
“A complete service consisting of 126 musical selections of cantorial recitatives, congregational chants, and choral selections arranged for 2, 3 and 4 voices”

Synagogue Melodies For the High Holy Days - 1926
Arranged for Congregational Singing
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb

The Jewish Lullaby
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb
A tractate published in “The Jewish Library”, Series 3

The Child and the Synagogue
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb
A monogram in “Problems of the Jewish Ministry” published by the N.Y. Board of Jewish Ministers

The Oldest Synagogue in Brooklyn
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb
A historical sketch of Baith Israel Anshei Emes widely consulted by those interested in the beginnings of Brooklyn Jewry.

Echoes of Palestine
By Thelma Goldfarb
“A collection of fifty choice and stirring Palestinian songs arranged for Voice and Piano”

The Jews in Egypt
“A New Pesach Operetta”
By Samuel S. Grossman and Samuel E Goldfarb

THE JEWISH SONGSTER
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb

CONTENTS - PART I

FESTIVAL SONGS

CHANUKOH
B’rochos shel Chanukoh (IG & SG)
Hanneros Hal-lo-lu (IG & SG)
Mo-oz Tsur
Rock of Ages
Hear the Voice of Israel’s Elders (SG)
Our Heros
Hail the Maccabees (IG & SG)
My Salvation Tower
Ho-yo, Ho-yoh Melech (arr.SG)
Chanukoh (arr.SG)
D’me Chanukoh (SG)
Ba-cha-nu-koh (arr.SG)
Chanukioh Y’feh-fi-yoh
M’asi-yoh
Chanukoh, Hoy Chanukoh (Hebrew)
Chanukoh, Oy Chanukoh (Yiddish)
Oy Ihr Kleine Lich-te-lech

CHAMISHOH O-SOR
The Trees of Home (SG)
Palestine Spring Song (SG)
Marching Song of the Judeans (SG)
A Home in Palestine
B’rosh Hash-sho-noh (arr.SG)
Rosh Hash-sho-noh Lo-i-lo-nos (arr.SG)
Sh’ke-di-yoh (arr.SG)
Hak-Ku-KI-yoh (arr.SG)
Ze-mer L’cha-mi-shoh Osor Bi-sh’vot
Ach B’e-rets Yis-ro-el (arr.SG)
El Ha-sodeh (arr.SG)
Shir Helech (arr.SG)
La-cha-mi-shoh Osor Bi-sh’vot
Kinder, Kumt der Frih-ling Ruft

PURIM
Shoshannas Ya-akov (arr.SG)
Good Purim
Thanksgiving and Praises
Ha-la-lu-yah
A Wicked, Wicked Man (arr.SG)
Chag Purim (arr.SG)
Purim Hayom
Yom Purim – Yom Chag Hu Lonu (arr.SG)
Mai Purim (arr.SG)
Mis’chak Purim
Zeh Ha-yom Yom Purim
A Purim Lied

PESACH
Kiddush (IG & SG)
Mah Nish-tan-noh (adpt.SG)
Ki Lo Noeh (arr.SG)
Addir Hu
Praise the Lord
God of Might
Chad Gadyoh
Yom L’ya-bo-shoh (arr.SG)
Song of Victory
Children of Israel, On! (arr.SG)
Ma-aseh Vigdi (arr.SG)

LAG B’OMER
Palestine Scout Song (arr.SG)
Oh Strengthen (SG)
Palestine, My Palestine (IG & SG)
Bar Kochba (SG)
Hayom Lag B’o-mer (arr.SG)
M’kom Som Arozim (arr.SG)
Bohor, Bagay
Chushu Achim, Chushu! (arr.SG)
S’u Nes Tsiyonoh (arr.SG)
Birkas Om
U-roh Yis-ro-el (arr.SG)

SH’VUOS
“Entreat Me Not to Leave Thee”
Confirmation Hymn
Once on Sinai (SG)
With Sacred Joy (arr.SG)
Avodas Ho-i-kor
Sho-vu-os (arr.SG)
Shir Hak-ko-tsir
Dos Lied fun Broit
Unter die Greeninke Boimelach (IG & SG)
Der Oibersh-ter Iz der Me-chutten

SUCCOS
Hoshano (IG & SG)
Ha-ko-fos (arr.SG)
Ogil V’es-mach
His-kab’tsu Mal’-o-chim (IG & SG)
Song for Simchas Torah
Lom-moh Succoh Zu? (arr.SG)
Zemer L’Succos
Or’chim Le-chog (arr.SG)
B’mach-rash-ti (arr.SG)
Vos is do in Kestele?
Simchas Torah
Simchas Toi-reh

SABBATH
L’cho Dodi (IG & SG)
Bor’chu (IG & SG)
Bo-ruch Hu
Sh’ma (IG & SG)
Mi-chomo-choh (IG & SG)
V’shom’ru (IG & SG)
Vay-chullu (IG & SG)
Mogen Ovos (IG & SG)
O-le-nu (arr.SG)
Ve-anach’nu
Ve-he-yoh Adonoy (IG & SG)
Adon Olom I (IG & SG)
Adon Olom II (IG & SG)
Yigdal (arr.IG & SG)
Sholem Alechem (IG & SG)
Kidduch L’Lel Shabbos (IG)
Yoh Ribon (IG & SG)
Tsur Mishel-lo (SG)
Shir Ham-ma-alos
Birkas Hamozon (arr.SG)
Come, O, Sabbath Day
Sho-chen Ad
El Odon
En Ko-mo-cho (IG & SG)
Av Ho-re-cha-min (IG & SG)
Ki Mits-tsi-yon
Sh’ma Yis’ro-el
L’cho A-do-noy Hag-g’dul-loh
Ho-do Al E-rets
Miz’-mor L’Dovid (arr.SG)
Ets Cha-yim
K’du-sha (Musaf)
Yis-m’chu
Kad-d’she-nu (arr.SG)
Sim Sholom
En Ke-lo-he-nu

PATRIOTIC
Hatik-voh
America
The Star-Spangled Banner

The Jewish Songster - CONTENTS - PART II

HEBREW SECULAR SONGS
Am Yis-ro-el Chai
Ho-voh No-gi-loh (TG)
Boker (TG)
Sh’mor
Yiboneh Hamik’-dosh
Amcho Yi-ro-el Yib-bo-neh (TG)
Na-aleh L’ar-tsei-nu
Niggun Bialik
Hin-neh Mah Tov
Tov Lich’-yos
Kodimoh
Im Ein Ani Li
Da-yei-nu
Ochinu Ya-akov
Shi-ru No
Shir Haggolil
Mi Yiv’-neh Haggolil
Eil Yiv’-neh Haggolil
Yaldoh Yaldosi
u-ru His-o-r’ru
O-lei Regel (arr.SG)
Nes Tsi-yo-noh (arr.SG)
Heidod, Heidod!
Sholom Aleichem Y’hu-di (SG)
Po B’e-rets
Shir Avodoh
Bein N’har P’ros
Bikurim (arr.SG)
Hayarden
Ani Ma-amin
Y’ru-sho-loyim
Im Esh-ko-cheich (Tsiyon Tamosi)
H-sho-shannoh
Tik’vas Yis-ro-el
Atoh Hu Ha-yo-dei-a (arr.TG)
Mach’-tso-voh (arr.TG)
Lam-tsi-di-ri-tsa
Ha-;’lu-yoh (K’ru-im Onu)
Shir Ha-cha-lu-tsim
Yi’l’las Tanim
Pa-am Achas (arr.TG)
Choluts, Choluts Hin-nei-ni (arr.TG)
Y’feo Fo-yoh
Zemer L’shabos
Shabos Hamalkoh (arr.SG)
Oneg Shabos
Zemer L’mo-tso-ei Shabos

CHILDREN’S SONGS
Degel
Achas Sh’ta-yim (arr.SG)
Ivrim Anach-nu
Ha-pa-amon M’tsal-tseil
Has! Hash-she-mesh Go-va Dom
Nitshu Ts’lolim
Nu-mi Nu-mi
Ho-eim (SG)
Shom Bo-o-chu (SG)
El Hash-sho-ar
S’vi-von (arr.SG)
Lu Ho-yi-si
Zemer L’vein Haz-z’man-nim
Shir Ho-ro-eh (arr.SG)
Al hehorim Bi-y’hu-doh
Ha-yom Log B’omer
Kash-tei-nu Al Shich-mei-nu (arr.SG)
Kabolas Hatoroh (arr.SG)

SACRED SONGS
Kol Dodi (arr.SG)
Al Tif-g’i Vi L’oz’-veich
M’nuchoh V’simchoh (SG)
Mah Y’didus (arr.IG & SG)
Yom Zeh L’yis-ro-el (arr.NG & SG)
Yom Zeh M’chubod (arr.IG & SG)
Bo-ruch Elohei-nu
Atoh Echod
Askinu S’u-do-so
Eili-yo-hu Hanovi
Omar Adonoy L’y-akov (arr.IG & SG)

YIDDISH FOLK SONGS
L’chayim Rebbe
Unzer Rebbenu
Oy der Rebbenu
Sha! Shtill!
Az der Rebbe Elimelech
Hal’vay
Bal Agolohg Lied
Die Alte Kashe
Ober Yiden Zeinen Mir
Vus vet zein az Mo-shi-ach vet Kummen
Ach Tsiyon, Tsiyon
Zamd uri Shteren
Gekummen iz die Tseit
Oifn Pripitchik
Die Mezinke Ois-gegeben
Shluf mein Kind
Der Pastechel
Yismach Mosheh
Gevald-zshe Alle Yidelech
Bulbe

ENGLISH SONGS
Onward
Longing for Jerusalem (SG)
The Restoration of Israel (SG)
A Song of Zion (SG)
Song of the Wanderer (SG)
The Land of Our Father’s Delight
Yemenite Song
Homeless (IG & SG)
At the Dawn I Seek Thee (IG & SG)
Father to Thee We Look
God is in His Holy Temple
God, I will Extol Thee Now (SG)
Let There be Light (SG)
My Tree (SG)
In Shu-Shan Long Ago

SYNAGOGUE MELODIES FOR THE HIGH HOLY DAYS
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Samuel E. Goldfarb, 1926

Contents

ROSH HASHONOH EVENING SERVICE
Bor’chu
Responses
Sh’ma Yisroel
Boruch Shem
Mi Chomochoh
Adonoy Yimloch
Tik’u (For Rosh Hashonoh)
Ki Vay-yom Haz-zeh (For Yom Kippur) (IG)
Kaddish Responses I
Kaddish Responses II (After Amidah)
Va-anachunu Kor’im
V’hoyoh (IG)
Yidgal

ROSH HASHONOH MORNING SERVICE
Kaddish III
Bor’chu
Kodosh
Boruch K’vod
Sh’ma Yisroel
Boruch Shem
Mi Chomochoh
Adonoy Yimloch
Zoch’renu L’chayim
Mi Chomocho, Av Horachmim
Yimloch Ado-noy
V’at-toh Kodosh
L’el Orech Din (Adapted by IG)
Kodosh (K’dushoh)
Boruch K’vod
Yimloch
Boruch Hu
Omen
Modim (IG)
Uch’sov
Birkas Kohanim
B’sefer Chay-yim
Kaddish Responses II
En Komocho (IG)
Av Horachamin (IG)
Ki Mits-tsi-yon
Boruch Shenosan
Adonoy, Adonoy (IG)
Va-ani Sfillosi (SG)
Sh’ma Yisroel
Echod Elohenu
L’cho Adonoy Haggdulloh

ROSH HASHONOH MUSAF SERVICE
V’zos Hatoroh
Ash’re Yoshve (IG)
Va-anachnu N’vorech Yoh (IG)
Hod Al Erets
Su Sh’orim
Kohanecho
Kaddish IV
Zoch’renu (IG)
Mi Chomocho, Av Horachamin (IG)
Yim’loch Adonoy (IG)
V’at-toh Kodosh (IG)
Melech Elyon (IG)
La’-ade Ad Yimloch
B’rosh Hashshonoh
V’attoh Hu Melech (IG)
Kodosh (K’dushoh)
Boruch K’vod
Sh’ma Yisroel
Ani Adonoy
Yim’loch
V’chol Ma-aminim
Response during Amidah (adapted by IG)
Olenu (adapted by IG)
Areshes S’fosenu
Modim
Uch’sov (IG)
Birkas Kohanim
B’sefer Chayyim (IG)
Hayom T’amtseny (IG)
Kaddish Responses II
En Kelohenu
Va-anachnu Kor’im
V’hoyoh
Adon Olom

KOL NIDRE SERVICE
V’nislach (IG)
Vayomer Adonoy (IG)
Maariv Service
Ki Hinneh Kachomer (IG)
Ki Onu Amecho
Oshamnu (arr. IG)
V’al Kullom

YOM KIPPUR MORNING SERVICE
Ki Onu Amecho
Oshamnu
V’al Kullom

YOM KIPPUR MUSAF SERVICE
Boruch Shem
V’chach Hoyoh Moneh (IG)
K’chel Han-nimtach (IG & SG)
Ki Onu Amecho
Oshmamnu (arr. IG)
Val Kullom
Responses during Amidah
Kaddish Responses II

NILOH SERVICE
Ashre
Va-anachnu N’vorech Yoh
Kaddish N’iloh (arr.IG)
Zoch’renu
Mi-chomocho. Av Horachamim
Yim’loch
V’attoh Kodosh
K’dushoh
Ki Onu Amecho
Oshamnu
Responses during Amidah
Kaddish Responses II
At the dawn I seek thee (IG)
O Let our Prayer Ascend

SONG & PRAISE FOR SABBATH EVE
By Rabbi Israel Goldfarb and Rabbi Israel Herbert Levinthal
“Contains 8 service, Z’miros, Hymns and liturgic songs – 120 pages of Hebrew and English Texts and Music for use at Synagogue gatherings, in connection with the late Friday evening sermon or discourse”

Contents

Sh’ma Yisroel
Hear, O, Israel
Sholom Alechem (IG)
Tsur Mishello (SG)
Yis-m’chu
Hear the Voice of Israel’s Elders
M’nuchoh V’simchoh (SG)
Vay’chullu (IG)
Yoh Ribon Olom (IG)
Mogen Ovos (IG)
Children of Israel, On!
Yom Zeh L’yisroel (NG)
V’shom’ru (IG & SG)
Come O’ Sabbath Day
Shir Ham-Ma-Alos
Esso Einay El Hehorim
Mo-oz Tsur
The Trees of Home (SG)
Va-anach’nu
V’ho-yoh Ado-noy (IG)
Yidgal
Adon Olom

Centennial Message
Credit: Centennial Banquet Journal, May 13, 1956

 

 

Centennial Fundraiser
Honoree Rabbi Israel Goldfarb poses with Centennial Chairman and synagogue benefactor Herman Belth, President Oscar Hertz and Sisterhood President Miriam Ilson.

 

In Memoriam
Credit: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America included this tribute in memory of Rabbi Goldfarb in the Commencement Exercises program, June 4, 1967.



Obituary
Credit: The New York Times, February 14, 1967
  


The Journey of a Hebrew Melody: Rabbi Israel Goldfarb’s Shalom Aleichem
By Rabbi Henry D. Michelman
Credit: Rayonot, a publication of Park Avenue Synagogue, New York, 2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About the Journal ...

The Synagogue Journal is a one-year online publication designed to highlight prominent individuals and events during the Kane Street Synagogue congregation’s past 150 years. 

We welcome submissions of reminiscences, letters and photographs to help shape the BIAE story for Congregation Baith Israel Anshei Emes.  For a list of upcoming Journal themes or to read past issues, see “Archives” located under the Journal banner.

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