Tribes (2)

The Akan II

There are other Akan people some of which includes Adanse, Akwanmu and Asante.

The Adanse

The Adanse is presently part of Asante, believed to be were the creation of the world began. Adanse was also made up of a number of independent states forming a coalition.
In the sixteenth century, their leader Awirade Basa aimed to unite the Adanse. A sword was created by Awirade Basa being a symbol for Adanse unity. The sword was held by the person who led the men to war. In the time of peace the holder of the sword was not conceived as a ruler. Adanse was subject to many wars and conflicts, resulting in the separation of its people to other home lands.

The Akwamu

One of the first people to emigrate from Bono was the Akwamu. They headed south settling in Twifo-Heman. They gained much of their wealth from trading with European merchants. At the start of the seventeenth century contention constrained the people led by one of their rivals, known as Otumfuo Asare, to abandon Twifo-Heman. Akwamu later expanded, dominating trade between European forts in Winneba and Accra. During 1710 Akwamu grown to become the largest Akan empire. King Ansa Sasraku ruling from 1660 to 1689, fought wars of expansion. He maintained amicable trading relations with European merchants. It is believed that by 1730, Akwamu was defeated by Akyem loosing its power. However as recorded, in 1744 the Akwamu sold a copious quantity of slaves that were traded inland. During the eighteenth century, Akwamu lost its greatness and reputation.

The Asante

During the nineteenth century Asante covered majority of Ghana, influencing other Akan states. Asante was under the rule of Osei Tutu in the eighteenth century, lasting up to the nineteenth century. Asante have been able to continue to be the core of Akan culture and civilisation.

The Akyem

The Akyem composed of Abuakwa, Kotoku and Bosome. The three states of Akyem have separate histories. However the three states originate from Adanse and may have primarily come from Bono. The Akyem maintained their land by defending their region against the Asante and Akwamu.

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Copyright F.K Buah - A History Of Ghana
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