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Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000

( 1901 CE to 2000 CE )

Fred Espenak

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During the 20th century CE1, Earth experienced 230 lunar eclipses as follows:

                             All Eclipses =  230  = 100.0%
 
                            Penumbral (N) =   83  =  36.1%
                              Partial (P) =   66  =  28.7%
                                Total (T) =   81  =  35.2%
Eclipses in which some portion of the Moon passes into Earth 's umbral shadow are classified as umbral eclipses . All total and partial lunar eclipses are umbral eclipses. Statistics for umbral eclipses during the century are as follows:
                             Umbral (P&T) =  147  =  63.9%
 
                            Central2 (T±) =   33  =  14.3%
                          Non-Central (T) =   48  =  20.9%
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There are two to five lunar eclipses in each calendar year. 
The distribution of eclipses each year during this century are as follows: 
                           Number of Years with 2 Eclipses: 78
                           Number of Years with 3 Eclipses: 14
                           Number of Years with 4 Eclipses:  8
                 Two eclipses in same month:    1904 Mar 02  &   1904 Mar 31
When four consecutive lunar eclipses are all total eclipses, the group is known as a tetrad. The following tetrads occur during this century:
                 Tetrad (Four Consecutive Total Eclipses):   1909 -  1910
                 Tetrad (Four Consecutive Total Eclipses):   1927 -  1928
                 Tetrad (Four Consecutive Total Eclipses):   1949 -  1950
                 Tetrad (Four Consecutive Total Eclipses):   1967 -  1968
                 Tetrad (Four Consecutive Total Eclipses):   1985 -  1986
During any given century, old Saros series end while new ones begin. The year and Saros number of these events are as follows:
     2 Saros Series' begin (Year/Saros):   1973/148  1984/149 
     3 Saros Series' end   (Year/Saros):   1951/103  1958/102  1969/108 

The longest and shortest lunar eclipses of the century and other eclipse extrema are listed below.

     Longest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:    2000 Jul 16    Duration = 01h47m01s
    Shortest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:    1917 Dec 28    Duration = 00h16m12s
     Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    1956 May 24    Duration = 03h25m11s
    Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    1988 Mar 03    Duration = 00h13m25s
     Largest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:    1953 Jul 26    Umbra Magnitude = 1.8685
    Smallest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:    1917 Dec 28    Umbra Magnitude = 1.0103
     Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    1939 Oct 28    Umbra Magnitude = 0.9923
    Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    1988 Mar 03    Umbra Magnitude = 0.0030
   Largest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse:    1901 May 03     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0692
  Smallest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse:    1951 Feb 21     Pen. Magnitude = 0.0069

Total penumbral eclipses are lunar eclipses in which the entire Moon passes through the penumbra but misses the umbral shadow. Total penumbral eclipses (and magnitudes) for the century are:

           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1901 May 03     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0692
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1908 Dec 07     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0600
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1926 Dec 19     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0512
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1944 Dec 29     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0477
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1948 Oct 18     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0400
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1959 Sep 17     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0132
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1963 Jan 09     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0437
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1981 Jan 20     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0393
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1987 Oct 07     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0115
           Total Penumbral Eclipse:    1999 Jan 31     Pen. Magnitude = 1.0281

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Description of Lunar Eclipse Catalog

Local circumstances at greatest eclipse3 for every event during the century are presented in the following catalog. The calendar date and Universal Time of the instant of greatest eclipse are found in the first two columns. The eclipse type is given (T=Total, P=Partial, or N=Penumbral) along with the Saros series. Gamma is the distance of the Moon's center from the shadow axis of Earth at greatest eclipse (in Earth radii). The penumbral and umbral magnitudes of the eclipse are defined as the fractions of the Moon's diameter obscured by each shadow at greatest eclipse. The semi-durations of the partial and total phases of the eclipse are given to the nearest minute. Finally, the Greenwich Sidereal Time at 00:00 U.T., along with the Moon's Geocentric Right Ascension and Declination at greatest eclipse complete each record. For a detailed key and additional information about the catalog, see: Key to Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

For any eclipse in the catalog, the start and end times of the partial eclipse phases can be calculated by respectively subtracting and adding the semi-duration of the partial phase (S.D. Par) to the instant of greatest eclipse. Similarly, the start and end times of the total eclipse can be calculated by either subtracting or adding the semi-duration of the total phase (S.D. Tot) to the instant of greatest eclipse. For a detailed example, see Contact - Key to Lunar Eclipse Catalogs.

To determine whether an eclipse is visible from a specific geographic location, it is simply a matter of calculating the Moon's altitude and azimuth during each phase of the eclipse. The calculations can be performed on any pocket calculator having trigonometric functions (SIN, COS, TAN). Armed with the latitude and longitude of the location, the lunar eclipse catalog provides all the additional information needed to make the calculations. For the equations and an example of how to calculate the Moon's altitude for a specific location, see Altitude - Key to Lunar Eclipse Catalogs.

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Footnotes

1The terms BCE and CE are abbreviations for "Before Common Era" and "Common Era," respectively. They are the secular equivalents to the BC and AD dating conventions. (See: Year Dating Conventions )

2Central lunar eclipses are eclipses in which some portion of the Moon passes the central axis of Earth's umbral shadow. All penumbral and partial lunar eclipses are non-central eclipses since the Moon misses the shadow axis. However, total eclipses may be either non-central (frequently) or central (occasionally). Central total eclipses are longer and usually darker than non-central total eclipses.

3Greatest eclipse is defined as the instant when the Moon passes closest to the axis of Earth's shadow. The instant of greatest eclipse corresponds to the maximum phase of the eclipse.




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Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000

( 1901 CE to 2000 CE )

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         Local Circumstances at Greatest Eclipse:   1901 to   2000

                U.T.
             Greatest    Saros          Pen.   Umb. S.D. S.D.  GST    Moon  Moon
      Date    Eclipse Type #    Gamma   Mag.   Mag. Par  Tot  (0 UT)   RA    Dec
                                                                 h     h      °

1901 May 03 18:31 N 110 -1.010 1.069 -0.029 - - 14.7 14.66 -16.5 1901 Oct 27 15:15 P 115 0.902 1.209 0.226 50m - 2.4 2.07 13.6 1902 Apr 22 18:53 T+ 120 -0.268 2.426 1.337 113m 43m 14.0 13.96 -12.3 1902 Oct 17 06:03 T- 125 0.220 2.477 1.462 106m 45m 1.7 1.41 9.1 1903 Apr 12 00:13 P 130 0.480 2.013 0.973 99m - 13.3 13.30 -7.7 1903 Oct 06 15:17 P 135 -0.528 1.939 0.870 97m - 0.9 0.76 4.3 1904 Mar 02 03:02 N 102 -1.453 0.200 -0.785 - - 10.6 10.81 6.0 1904 Mar 31 12:32 N 140 1.167 0.729 -0.263 - - 12.6 12.66 -3.0 1904 Sep 24 17:35 N 145 -1.284 0.570 -0.534 - - 0.2 0.10 -0.6 1905 Feb 19 19:00 P 112 -0.798 1.406 0.410 67m - 9.9 10.16 10.5
1905 Aug 15 03:41 P 117 0.846 1.351 0.292 62m - 21.5 21.59 -13.5 1906 Feb 09 07:47 T+ 122 -0.120 2.676 1.630 110m 49m 9.2 9.47 14.8 1906 Aug 04 13:00 T- 127 0.048 2.787 1.785 110m 51m 20.8 20.91 -17.4 1907 Jan 29 13:38 P 132 0.603 1.820 0.716 92m - 8.5 8.74 18.7 1907 Jul 25 04:22 P 137 -0.692 1.584 0.621 79m - 20.1 20.23 -20.6 1908 Jan 18 13:21 N 142 1.294 0.564 -0.564 - - 7.8 7.95 21.9 1908 Jun 14 14:06 N 109 1.106 0.838 -0.149 - - 17.5 17.51 -22.2 1908 Jul 13 21:34 N 147 -1.419 0.254 -0.713 - - 19.4 19.52 -23.2 1908 Dec 07 21:55 N 114 -1.006 1.060 -0.005 - - 5.1 4.96 21.7 1909 Jun 04 01:29 T 119 0.376 2.205 1.163 105m 31m 16.8 16.76 -22.0
1909 Nov 27 08:54 T+ 124 -0.271 2.380 1.371 104m 41m 4.4 4.17 20.8 1910 May 24 05:34 T 129 -0.397 2.189 1.100 108m 25m 16.1 16.00 -20.9 1910 Nov 17 00:21 T 134 0.409 2.116 1.131 97m 26m 3.7 3.42 19.1 1911 May 13 05:56 N 139 -1.141 0.825 -0.266 - - 15.3 15.24 -19.1 1911 Nov 06 15:36 N 144 1.110 0.841 -0.168 - - 3.0 2.68 16.8 1912 Apr 01 22:14 P 111 0.912 1.214 0.187 48m - 12.7 12.75 -3.9 1912 Sep 26 11:45 P 116 -0.932 1.204 0.123 42m - 0.3 0.21 0.4 1913 Mar 22 11:58 T- 121 0.167 2.559 1.574 105m 47m 12.0 12.08 -0.4 1913 Sep 15 12:48 T+ 126 -0.211 2.538 1.435 116m 47m 23.6 23.52 -3.3 1914 Mar 12 04:13 P 131 -0.525 1.901 0.917 91m - 11.3 11.42 3.2
1914 Sep 04 13:55 P 136 0.530 1.939 0.863 98m - 22.9 22.83 -6.9 1915 Jan 31 04:57 N 103 1.545 0.071 -0.994 - - 8.6 8.88 19.1 1915 Mar 01 18:19 N 141 -1.257 0.580 -0.447 - - 10.6 10.74 6.7 1915 Jul 26 12:24 N 108 -1.355 0.380 -0.607 - - 20.2 20.34 -20.9 1915 Aug 24 21:27 N 146 1.244 0.600 -0.417 - - 22.1 22.14 -10.2 1916 Jan 20 08:39 P 113 0.915 1.254 0.137 45m - 7.9 8.09 21.2 1916 Jul 15 04:46 P 118 -0.596 1.760 0.800 87m - 19.5 19.62 -22.2 1917 Jan 08 07:44 T- 123 0.241 2.493 1.369 114m 44m 7.2 7.27 22.5 1917 Jul 04 21:39 T- 128 0.142 2.601 1.624 107m 48m 18.8 18.89 -22.7 1917 Dec 28 09:46 T 133 -0.448 2.091 1.010 102m 8m 6.4 6.44 22.9
1918 Jun 24 10:28 P 138 0.940 1.163 0.135 42m - 18.1 18.14 -22.5 1918 Dec 17 19:06 N 143 -1.104 0.859 -0.163 - - 5.7 5.64 22.3 1919 May 15 01:14 N 110 -1.082 0.936 -0.160 - - 15.4 15.37 -19.5 1919 Nov 07 23:44 P 115 0.925 1.169 0.184 46m - 3.1 2.79 17.1 1920 May 03 01:51 T 120 -0.331 2.308 1.224 110m 36m 14.7 14.65 -15.8 1920 Oct 27 14:11 T- 125 0.250 2.425 1.404 106m 43m 2.4 2.10 13.0 1921 Apr 22 07:44 T 130 0.427 2.107 1.073 101m 21m 14.0 13.97 -11.6 1921 Oct 16 22:54 P 135 -0.490 2.012 0.936 100m - 1.7 1.43 8.5 1922 Mar 13 11:28 N 102 -1.475 0.157 -0.824 - - 11.4 11.49 1.7 1922 Apr 11 20:32 N 140 1.123 0.806 -0.181 - - 13.3 13.33 -7.2
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Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000

( 1901 CE to 2000 CE )

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         Local Circumstances at Greatest Eclipse:   1901 to   2000

                U.T.
             Greatest    Saros          Pen.   Umb. S.D. S.D.  GST    Moon  Moon
      Date    Eclipse Type #    Gamma   Mag.   Mag. Par  Tot  (0 UT)   RA    Dec
                                                                 h     h      °

1922 Oct 06 00:43 N 145 -1.235 0.662 -0.447 - - 0.9 0.76 3.7 1923 Mar 03 03:32 P 112 -0.818 1.371 0.376 64m - 10.7 10.85 6.4 1923 Aug 26 10:39 P 117 0.913 1.227 0.168 48m - 22.2 22.26 -9.9 1924 Feb 20 16:09 T+ 122 -0.134 2.651 1.605 110m 49m 10.0 10.19 11.1 1924 Aug 14 20:20 Tm 127 0.117 2.658 1.658 109m 49m 21.5 21.60 -14.2 1925 Feb 08 21:42 P 132 0.592 1.840 0.735 93m - 9.2 9.48 15.5 1925 Aug 04 11:53 P 137 -0.621 1.716 0.752 85m - 20.8 20.94 -17.9 1926 Jan 28 21:20 N 142 1.284 0.582 -0.544 - - 8.5 8.72 19.4 1926 Jun 25 21:25 N 109 1.182 0.700 -0.289 - - 18.2 18.26 -22.2 1926 Jul 25 05:00 N 147 -1.351 0.379 -0.591 - - 20.1 20.26 -21.2
1926 Dec 19 06:20 N 114 -1.010 1.051 -0.012 - - 5.8 5.76 22.4 1927 Jun 15 08:24 T 119 0.454 2.062 1.017 102m 11m 17.5 17.51 -22.9 1927 Dec 08 17:35 T 124 -0.280 2.364 1.356 103m 40m 5.1 4.96 22.4 1928 Jun 03 12:10 T 129 -0.317 2.335 1.247 112m 38m 16.8 16.74 -22.6 1928 Nov 27 09:01 T 134 0.395 2.142 1.155 97m 28m 4.4 4.19 21.5 1929 May 23 12:37 N 139 -1.065 0.963 -0.124 - - 16.0 15.96 -21.5 1929 Nov 17 00:03 N 144 1.095 0.871 -0.142 - - 3.7 3.43 19.8 1930 Apr 13 05:59 P 111 0.955 1.132 0.112 38m - 13.4 13.42 -8.0 1930 Oct 07 19:07 P 116 -0.981 1.117 0.030 21m - 1.0 0.87 4.6 1931 Apr 02 20:08 T- 121 0.204 2.489 1.508 104m 45m 12.7 12.75 -4.6
1931 Sep 26 19:48 T+ 126 -0.270 2.432 1.325 114m 42m 0.3 0.18 0.9 1932 Mar 22 12:32 P 131 -0.496 1.955 0.972 93m - 12.0 12.09 -1.1 1932 Sep 14 21:01 P 136 0.466 2.056 0.980 102m - 23.6 23.48 -2.9 1933 Feb 10 13:17 N 103 1.560 0.044 -1.022 - - 9.3 9.63 15.7 1933 Mar 12 02:33 N 141 -1.237 0.618 -0.410 - - 11.3 11.41 2.5 1933 Aug 05 19:46 N 108 -1.422 0.257 -0.728 - - 20.9 21.06 -18.3 1933 Sep 04 04:52 N 146 1.178 0.721 -0.296 - - 22.9 22.81 -6.4 1934 Jan 30 16:42 P 113 0.926 1.234 0.117 41m - 8.6 8.86 18.5 1934 Jul 26 12:15 P 118 -0.668 1.627 0.667 81m - 20.2 20.36 -20.2 1935 Jan 19 15:47 T- 123 0.250 2.477 1.354 114m 43m 7.9 8.06 20.7
1935 Jul 16 05:00 Tm 128 0.067 2.740 1.760 108m 50m 19.5 19.64 -21.5 1936 Jan 08 18:10 T 133 -0.443 2.100 1.022 102m 12m 7.1 7.24 21.9 1936 Jul 04 17:25 P 138 0.864 1.303 0.272 59m - 18.8 18.90 -22.1 1936 Dec 28 03:49 N 143 -1.097 0.870 -0.150 - - 6.4 6.44 22.2 1937 May 25 07:51 N 110 -1.158 0.796 -0.299 - - 16.2 16.10 -21.9 1937 Nov 18 08:19 P 115 0.942 1.139 0.150 41m - 3.8 3.54 20.1 1938 May 14 08:44 T 120 -0.399 2.180 1.101 107m 25m 15.4 15.36 -18.9 1938 Nov 07 22:26 T 125 0.274 2.384 1.358 105m 41m 3.1 2.82 16.6 1939 May 03 15:11 T 130 0.369 2.209 1.182 104m 32m 14.7 14.66 -15.2 1939 Oct 28 06:36 P 135 -0.458 2.074 0.992 102m - 2.4 2.12 12.4
1940 Mar 23 19:48 N 102 -1.503 0.104 -0.874 - - 12.1 12.15 -2.7 1940 Apr 22 04:26 N 140 1.074 0.893 -0.089 - - 14.0 14.00 -11.1 1940 Oct 16 08:01 N 145 -1.193 0.742 -0.371 - - 1.6 1.43 7.8 1941 Mar 13 11:55 P 112 -0.844 1.322 0.328 60m - 11.4 11.52 2.2 1941 Sep 05 17:47 P 117 0.975 1.114 0.056 28m - 23.0 22.92 -5.9 1942 Mar 03 00:21 T+ 122 -0.155 2.613 1.566 110m 48m 10.7 10.88 7.0 1942 Aug 26 03:48 T- 127 0.182 2.539 1.540 107m 47m 22.3 22.28 -10.5 1943 Feb 20 05:38 P 132 0.575 1.871 0.766 95m - 10.0 10.19 11.7 1943 Aug 15 19:28 P 137 -0.553 1.840 0.876 90m - 21.6 21.64 -14.7 1944 Feb 09 05:15 N 142 1.270 0.606 -0.518 - - 9.2 9.47 16.1
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Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000

( 1901 CE to 2000 CE )

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         Local Circumstances at Greatest Eclipse:   1901 to   2000

                U.T.
             Greatest    Saros          Pen.   Umb. S.D. S.D.  GST    Moon  Moon
      Date    Eclipse Type #    Gamma   Mag.   Mag. Par  Tot  (0 UT)   RA    Dec
                                                                 h     h      °

1944 Jul 06 04:40 N 109 1.260 0.558 -0.434 - - 18.9 19.01 -21.5 1944 Aug 04 12:26 N 147 -1.284 0.503 -0.470 - - 20.9 20.98 -18.5 1944 Dec 29 14:49 N 114 -1.012 1.048 -0.013 - - 6.5 6.57 22.2 1945 Jun 25 15:14 P 119 0.537 1.912 0.864 97m - 18.2 18.27 -22.9 1945 Dec 19 02:20 T 124 -0.284 2.355 1.348 103m 40m 5.8 5.77 23.1 1946 Jun 14 18:39 T+ 129 -0.232 2.491 1.403 115m 46m 17.5 17.50 -23.5 1946 Dec 08 17:48 T 134 0.386 2.159 1.170 98m 29m 5.1 4.98 23.1 1947 Jun 03 19:15 P 139 -0.985 1.108 0.025 19m - 16.8 16.71 -23.2 1947 Nov 28 08:34 N 144 1.084 0.894 -0.124 - - 4.4 4.20 22.2 1948 Apr 23 13:39 P 111 1.002 1.042 0.028 19m - 14.1 14.10 -11.7
1948 Oct 18 02:35 N 116 -1.025 1.040 -0.053 - - 1.8 1.55 8.7 1949 Apr 13 04:11 T- 121 0.247 2.408 1.431 103m 43m 13.4 13.42 -8.7 1949 Oct 07 02:56 T 126 -0.322 2.338 1.228 112m 37m 1.0 0.84 5.1 1950 Apr 02 20:44 T 131 -0.460 2.020 1.038 95m 15m 12.7 12.75 -5.4 1950 Sep 26 04:17 T 136 0.410 2.159 1.083 105m 23m 0.3 0.14 1.3 1951 Feb 21 21:29 Ne 103 1.581 0.007 -1.060 - - 10.1 10.34 11.9 1951 Mar 23 10:37 N 141 -1.210 0.667 -0.361 - - 12.0 12.08 -1.8 1951 Aug 17 03:14 N 108 -1.483 0.145 -0.839 - - 21.6 21.76 -15.1 1951 Sep 15 12:27 N 146 1.119 0.828 -0.188 - - 23.6 23.47 -2.3 1952 Feb 11 00:39 P 113 0.942 1.205 0.088 36m - 9.3 9.60 15.2
1952 Aug 05 19:47 P 118 -0.738 1.499 0.538 74m - 21.0 21.07 -17.5 1953 Jan 29 23:47 T- 123 0.261 2.455 1.336 113m 43m 8.6 8.82 18.0 1953 Jul 26 12:21 T+ 128 -0.007 2.851 1.869 108m 51m 20.3 20.37 -19.5 1954 Jan 19 02:32 T 133 -0.436 2.111 1.037 102m 15m 7.9 8.03 20.1 1954 Jul 16 00:20 P 138 0.788 1.446 0.411 71m - 19.6 19.64 -20.8 1955 Jan 08 12:33 N 143 -1.091 0.881 -0.137 - - 7.2 7.24 21.2 1955 Jun 05 14:23 N 110 -1.238 0.648 -0.445 - - 16.9 16.85 -23.6 1955 Nov 29 16:59 P 115 0.955 1.117 0.125 38m - 4.5 4.32 22.4 1956 May 24 15:31 P 120 -0.472 2.044 0.970 103m - 16.1 16.09 -21.3 1956 Nov 18 06:48 T 125 0.292 2.354 1.323 105m 40m 3.8 3.57 19.5
1957 May 13 22:31 T 130 0.305 2.325 1.303 106m 39m 15.4 15.37 -18.2 1957 Nov 07 14:27 T 135 -0.433 2.122 1.035 104m 15m 3.1 2.84 15.9 1958 Apr 04 04:00 Ne 102 -1.538 0.039 -0.936 - - 12.8 12.82 -7.0 1958 May 03 12:13 P 140 1.019 0.992 0.015 13m - 14.7 14.69 -14.6 1958 Oct 27 15:27 N 145 -1.157 0.809 -0.308 - - 2.4 2.12 11.7 1959 Mar 24 20:11 P 112 -0.876 1.263 0.270 55m - 12.1 12.19 -2.2 1959 Sep 17 01:03 N 117 1.030 1.013 -0.044 - - 23.7 23.58 -1.7 1960 Mar 13 08:28 T+ 122 -0.180 2.567 1.520 110m 47m 11.4 11.55 2.7 1960 Sep 05 11:21 T- 127 0.242 2.428 1.430 106m 44m 23.0 22.94 -6.5 1961 Mar 02 13:28 P 132 0.554 1.909 0.805 97m - 10.7 10.89 7.6
1961 Aug 26 03:08 P 137 -0.490 1.958 0.992 93m - 22.3 22.32 -11.0 1962 Feb 19 13:03 N 142 1.251 0.638 -0.482 - - 9.9 10.19 12.4 1962 Jul 17 11:54 N 109 1.337 0.418 -0.578 - - 19.7 19.75 -19.9 1962 Aug 15 19:57 N 147 -1.221 0.621 -0.356 - - 21.6 21.68 -15.2 1963 Jan 09 23:19 N 114 -1.013 1.044 -0.014 - - 7.3 7.37 21.1 1963 Jul 06 22:02 P 119 0.620 1.762 0.711 90m - 18.9 19.02 -22.1 1963 Dec 30 11:07 T 124 -0.289 2.346 1.340 102m 39m 6.5 6.58 22.9 1964 Jun 25 01:06 T+ 129 -0.146 2.650 1.561 117m 51m 18.2 18.25 -23.5 1964 Dec 19 02:37 T 134 0.380 2.171 1.180 98m 30m 5.8 5.80 23.8 1965 Jun 14 01:49 P 139 -0.901 1.261 0.182 51m - 17.5 17.47 -24.1
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Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000

( 1901 CE to 2000 CE )

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         Local Circumstances at Greatest Eclipse:   1901 to   2000

                U.T.
             Greatest    Saros          Pen.   Umb. S.D. S.D.  GST    Moon  Moon
      Date    Eclipse Type #    Gamma   Mag.   Mag. Par  Tot  (0 UT)   RA    Dec
                                                                 h     h      °

1965 Dec 08 17:10 N 144 1.077 0.907 -0.115 - - 5.1 5.00 23.8 1966 May 04 21:12 N 111 1.055 0.941 -0.067 - - 14.8 14.79 -15.1 1966 Oct 29 10:12 N 116 -1.060 0.978 -0.120 - - 2.5 2.24 12.5 1967 Apr 24 12:06 T 121 0.297 2.314 1.341 102m 39m 14.1 14.10 -12.5 1967 Oct 18 10:15 T 126 -0.365 2.260 1.147 110m 30m 1.7 1.51 9.1 1968 Apr 13 04:47 T 131 -0.417 2.097 1.117 97m 25m 13.4 13.43 -9.4 1968 Oct 06 11:42 T 136 0.361 2.250 1.174 107m 32m 1.0 0.80 5.5 1969 Apr 02 18:32 N 141 -1.177 0.729 -0.299 - - 12.7 12.75 -6.1 1969 Aug 27 10:48 Ne 108 -1.541 0.038 -0.946 - - 22.4 22.44 -11.4 1969 Sep 25 20:10 N 146 1.066 0.926 -0.090 - - 0.3 0.12 1.9
1970 Feb 21 08:30 P 113 0.962 1.167 0.051 28m - 10.1 10.31 11.4 1970 Aug 17 03:23 P 118 -0.805 1.377 0.414 66m - 21.7 21.77 -14.3 1971 Feb 10 07:45 T 123 0.274 2.429 1.313 113m 41m 9.3 9.56 14.8 1971 Aug 06 19:43 T+ 128 -0.079 2.721 1.734 108m 50m 21.0 21.08 -16.8 1972 Jan 30 10:53 T 133 -0.427 2.124 1.055 102m 18m 8.6 8.80 17.5 1972 Jul 26 07:16 P 138 0.712 1.587 0.548 81m - 20.3 20.36 -18.8 1973 Jan 18 21:17 N 143 -1.085 0.891 -0.124 - - 7.9 8.03 19.4 1973 Jun 15 20:50 N 110 -1.322 0.495 -0.597 - - 17.6 17.61 -24.5 1973 Jul 15 11:39 Nb 148 1.518 0.130 -0.954 - - 19.5 19.62 -20.2 1973 Dec 10 01:44 P 115 0.964 1.101 0.106 35m - 5.2 5.12 23.9
1974 Jun 04 22:16 P 120 -0.549 1.901 0.832 97m - 16.9 16.84 -23.0 1974 Nov 29 15:13 T 125 0.305 2.331 1.295 105m 38m 4.5 4.34 21.8 1975 May 25 05:48 T- 130 0.237 2.447 1.430 108m 45m 16.1 16.09 -20.6 1975 Nov 18 22:23 T 135 -0.414 2.161 1.069 105m 21m 3.8 3.58 18.9 1976 May 13 19:54 P 140 0.959 1.101 0.127 39m - 15.4 15.40 -17.6 1976 Nov 06 23:01 N 145 -1.128 0.864 -0.255 - - 3.1 2.83 15.2 1977 Apr 04 04:18 P 112 -0.915 1.191 0.199 48m - 12.8 12.86 -6.5 1977 Sep 27 08:29 N 117 1.077 0.927 -0.131 - - 0.4 0.23 2.6 1978 Mar 24 16:22 T+ 122 -0.214 2.505 1.457 110m 46m 12.1 12.22 -1.7 1978 Sep 16 19:04 T 127 0.295 2.332 1.333 104m 40m 23.7 23.60 -2.3
1979 Mar 13 21:08 P 132 0.525 1.961 0.858 99m - 11.4 11.56 3.4 1979 Sep 06 10:54 T 137 -0.431 2.067 1.099 96m 23m 23.0 22.98 -7.0 1980 Mar 01 20:45 N 142 1.227 0.681 -0.436 - - 10.7 10.88 8.3 1980 Jul 27 19:08 N 109 1.414 0.279 -0.721 - - 20.4 20.47 -17.7 1980 Aug 26 03:31 N 147 -1.161 0.734 -0.248 - - 22.3 22.35 -11.5 1981 Jan 20 07:50 N 114 -1.014 1.039 -0.014 - - 8.0 8.15 19.1 1981 Jul 17 04:47 P 119 0.705 1.608 0.553 82m - 19.7 19.76 -20.6 1982 Jan 09 19:56 T 124 -0.292 2.340 1.337 102m 39m 7.3 7.39 21.8 1982 Jul 06 07:31 Tm 129 -0.058 2.812 1.723 118m 53m 18.9 19.01 -22.8 1982 Dec 30 11:29 T 134 0.376 2.180 1.188 98m 31m 6.6 6.61 23.6
1983 Jun 25 08:22 P 139 -0.815 1.416 0.339 68m - 18.2 18.23 -24.1 1983 Dec 20 01:49 N 144 1.075 0.914 -0.112 - - 5.9 5.82 24.5 1984 May 15 04:40 N 111 1.113 0.832 -0.170 - - 15.5 15.50 -17.9 1984 Jun 13 14:26 Nb 149 -1.524 0.090 -0.936 - - 17.5 17.46 -24.7 1984 Nov 08 17:55 N 116 -1.090 0.925 -0.178 - - 3.2 2.96 15.9 1985 May 04 19:56 T 121 0.352 2.212 1.243 100m 34m 14.8 14.80 -15.8 1985 Oct 28 17:42 T 126 -0.402 2.194 1.078 108m 23m 2.5 2.21 12.9 1986 Apr 24 12:43 T 131 -0.368 2.187 1.208 100m 32m 14.2 14.11 -13.2 1986 Oct 17 19:18 T 136 0.319 2.327 1.250 109m 37m 1.7 1.48 9.6 1987 Apr 14 02:19 N 141 -1.136 0.802 -0.226 - - 13.4 13.42 -10.1
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Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000

( 1901 CE to 2000 CE )

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         Local Circumstances at Greatest Eclipse:   1901 to   2000

                U.T.
             Greatest    Saros          Pen.   Umb. S.D. S.D.  GST    Moon  Moon
      Date    Eclipse Type #    Gamma   Mag.   Mag. Par  Tot  (0 UT)   RA    Dec
                                                                 h     h      °

1987 Oct 07 04:02 N 146 1.019 1.011 -0.004 - - 1.0 0.79 6.2 1988 Mar 03 16:13 P 113 0.988 1.117 0.003 7m - 10.8 11.00 7.3 1988 Aug 27 11:05 P 118 -0.868 1.263 0.298 57m - 22.4 22.44 -10.7 1989 Feb 20 15:35 T 123 0.293 2.392 1.279 112m 40m 10.0 10.27 11.0 1989 Aug 17 03:08 T+ 128 -0.149 2.596 1.604 107m 48m 21.7 21.77 -13.6 1990 Feb 09 19:11 T 133 -0.415 2.145 1.080 102m 22m 9.3 9.53 14.2 1990 Aug 06 14:12 P 138 0.638 1.726 0.681 88m - 21.0 21.07 -16.1 1991 Jan 30 05:59 N 143 -1.075 0.906 -0.105 - - 8.6 8.79 16.8 1991 Jun 27 03:15 N 110 -1.406 0.339 -0.752 - - 18.3 18.38 -24.6 1991 Jul 26 18:08 N 148 1.437 0.280 -0.807 - - 20.3 20.34 -18.2
1991 Dec 21 10:33 P 115 0.971 1.090 0.093 33m - 6.0 5.94 24.4 1992 Jun 15 04:57 P 120 -0.629 1.753 0.687 90m - 17.6 17.59 -23.9 1992 Dec 09 23:44 T 125 0.314 2.317 1.276 105m 37m 5.3 5.14 23.2 1993 Jun 04 13:00 T- 130 0.164 2.578 1.567 109m 48m 16.9 16.84 -22.3 1993 Nov 29 06:26 T 135 -0.400 2.189 1.092 106m 24m 4.5 4.35 21.1 1994 May 25 03:30 P 140 0.893 1.219 0.249 53m - 16.2 16.12 -20.0 1994 Nov 18 06:44 N 145 -1.105 0.908 -0.215 - - 3.8 3.57 18.2 1995 Apr 15 12:18 P 112 -0.959 1.109 0.117 37m - 13.5 13.53 -10.6 1995 Oct 08 16:04 N 117 1.118 0.851 -0.206 - - 1.1 0.89 6.9 1996 Apr 04 00:10 T+ 122 -0.253 2.433 1.385 109m 43m 12.8 12.89 -6.0
1996 Sep 27 02:54 T 127 0.343 2.244 1.245 102m 35m 0.4 0.26 2.0 1997 Mar 24 04:39 P 132 0.490 2.025 0.924 102m - 12.1 12.23 -1.0 1997 Sep 16 18:47 T 137 -0.377 2.167 1.197 99m 31m 23.7 23.64 -2.8 1998 Mar 13 04:20 N 142 1.196 0.735 -0.378 - - 11.4 11.56 4.0 1998 Aug 08 02:25 N 109 1.488 0.146 -0.858 - - 21.1 21.17 -14.8 1998 Sep 06 11:10 N 147 -1.106 0.837 -0.149 - - 23.0 23.02 -7.5 1999 Jan 31 16:18 N 114 -1.019 1.028 -0.021 - - 8.7 8.91 16.4 1999 Jul 28 11:34 P 119 0.786 1.460 0.402 72m - 20.4 20.48 -18.3 2000 Jan 21 04:44 T 124 -0.296 2.331 1.330 102m 39m 8.0 8.17 19.8 2000 Jul 16 13:56 T- 129 0.030 2.864 1.773 118m 54m 19.6 19.75 -21.2

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Calendar Dates

The Julian calendar is used for all dates up to 1582 Oct 04. After that date, the Gregorian calendar is used. Due to the Gregorian Calendar reform, the day after 1582 Oct 04 (Julian calendar) is 1582 Oct 15 (Gregorian calendar). Note that Great Britian did not adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1752. For more information, see Calendars.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0, so the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE. This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. In this catalog, dates are counted using the astronomical numbering system which recognizes the year 0. Historians should note the numerical difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and the year -100 corresponds to 101 BCE, etc.. (See: Year Dating Conventions )

There is some historical uncertainty as to which years from 43 BCE to 8 CE were counted as leap years. For the purposes of this catalog, we will assume that all Julian years divisible by 4 will be counted as leap years.

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Predictions

Eclipse predictions presented here are based on j=2 ephemerides for the Sun (Newcomb, 1895) and Moon (Brown, 1919, and Eckert, Jones and Clark, 1954). A revised value used for the Moon's secular acceleration is n-dot = -26 arc-sec/cy*cy, as deduced by Morrison and Ward (1975) from 250 years of Mercury transit observations.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as delta-T. The value for delta-T was determined as follows:

1) pre-1600: delta T was calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Stephenson (1997)
2) 1600-present: delta T was obtained from published observations
3) future: delta-T was extrapolated from current values and a model of tidal effects

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Acknowledgments

All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Some of the information presented in these tables is based on Fifty Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses: 1986 - 2035.

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC"


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Key to Catalog Lunar Eclipse

Index to Catalog of Lunar Eclipses

NASA Lunar Eclipse Page

NASA Eclipse Home Page

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Eclipse Predictions & WebMaster: Fred Espenak
e-mail: espenak@gsfc.nasa.gov

Planetary Systems Branch - Code 693
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 USA


Last revised: 2003 Sep 11 - F. Espenak