A powerful folk orchestra of North Karnataka the
"Karadi Majalu" performers
are in demand during various auspicious occasions, processions. The orchestra
derives its name from the percussion instrument "Karade or Karadi". Palm
size cymbals yield the metallic sounds while the "Shehanoy" adds to the
continuous flow of musical waves. The performers produce Very vigorous
and soul filling music.
"Muudalapaaya Yakshagaan" is a village theater in the eastern part of Karnataka,
(muudala = Eastern) of Tumkur and Mysore region. The "Bhaagavat" (singer)
and his small group of singers and instrumentalists (maddale, the percussion
instrument and mukhaviine - a windpipe resembling Shehony instrument) form
the musical part. The various characters of the play bedecked with gorgeous
costumes and speaking flamboyant dialogue also give some vigorous dances.
The entry of some demoniac characters is awe- inspiring, so also
Muniyur Dasachar (Artist)
Sri.Rangantha Mudalapaya Yakshagana mandali
Muniyur - 572 227
Tumkur District, Karnataka, India
Mudalapaya Yakshagana Leader
Mukkam: Ambalajiirahalli, Post Bellur
Mandya District, Karnataka, India
In Northern Karnataka the
open theater folk performance takes place which is similar to the muudalapaaya
yakshagana. geographically the northern style of folk theater is
identified as doddaata. All these art forms are diminishing without patronage.
These dying art can be revived only if government take initiative step to document and promote these art form.
Doddata Folk Theatre Artiste
||Dr. Basavaraj malashetty
Vijaynagar College, Hosapete - 583 201
Bellary District, Karnataka, India
Phone: 91 08394 27207
||M. Basavana Gowda
Manvi Taluk, Rayachur District
||Monappa Vittappa Sutar
Chincholi Post, Afzalpur Taluk
Adiveppa Tahasildr Doddata Singer|
Behatti Post, Hubballi Taluk
||A. M. Halayya
Sogi Post, Hadagali Taluk
Devotees of shiva-cult dance in groups of two and four, six and sometime
holds a sword and dance. They also perform a ritual on stage viz. Piercing
a long or short needle across their mouth. The sambal and Dimmu are used
as percussion instruments. Cymbals and Shehanoy (wind pipes) are also used
the leading singer narrates the "Dakshayajna" epic with percussion instrument
beating creates heroic tempo.
Kunitha or Dollu Dance
Dollu is a percussion instrument which is used in the group dance of the
"Kuruba's" community in North Karnataka area. A group of 16 dancers
beat the drum and dance to its different rhythms, which are controlled
and directed by a leader with cymbals moving at the center. Slow and fast
rhythms alternate and group weaves varied patterns.
The costumes are simple. Upper part of the body is left bare while the
lower one has a black sheet-rug tied on the `dhooti'.
Beats and rhythms are fascinating to the viewer what with effect of sounds
and simple choreography built by the rural genius.
In the year 1987 the "Dollu" dance troupe participated in the
festival under the leadership of K.S.Haridas Bhat, toured two and half
month traveled and presented glorious performances in Moscow, Leningrad,
Vibrog Archangel, Murmansk, Pskov, Novogorod and Tashkent.
Bisu Kamsale - Dance
The KAMSALE dance is named
after the instrument held in hands of the dancer. The KAMSALE artistes
or dancers are found in the Kannada speaking areas of Mysore, Nanjangudu,
Kollegal and Bangalore.
The instrument comprises
a cymbal held in one hand and a bronze disc in the other. The main element
in art is the rhythmic clang, which blends with the melodious music
of the Mahadeeshvara epic. The instruments, in the course of the
vigorous rhythmic beatings, are moved around the body of the dancer in
innumerable patterns manifesting both skill and art. In a group movement
the dancer provides the vision of a series of offensive and defensive maneuvers.
KAMSALE is closely connected
with a tradition of Shiva worship. The artistes, drawn from 'Haalu Kuruba'
community. Who have vowed to live a life of devotion to Lord Mahadeeshvara
are supposed to perform KAMSALE. The dance is a part of a 'diiksha'
or oath and is taught by teacher or spiritual leader.)
Ata (Narrative performing art of North Karnataka)
Gondaliga's are "Ambha
Bhavani worshipers, either two or three artiste together gives
theatrical performance in North Karnataka and in Maharashtra, The
performance theme mainly on divine tales or folk tales or historical legends.
The performance given in the public during the nighttime only. The performance
rendered by the "Gondal" community people so it is called the
Ata" in Kannada. The Gondal community people are itinerants, few are now
settled, on invitation the Gondal priest goes and gives the performance.
They speak Marathi as their mother tongue, also well known the regional
The term "Gondal"
means the army of Shiva Spirits. The shiva
spirits are called "Gana" and the troupe of the "Gana" is called
"dal" Combining these two words "Gan + dal" which became
in the regional language used as "Gondal". The main theme of the “Gondal”
ritual is appeasing or appeases the Shiva spirits or mother deity spirits.
In propitiation of these mystic spirits ritual is called "Goondal puuja".
The myth states that "Parusharam" son to
"Renuka" decimated the demon called "Baanasur". Threading veins from
"Baanasur's" body through his skull "Parusharam"
created an instrument which, when plucked, yielded a sound approximating
"tintini". Today this instrument is known as chaudike. "Parusharam" went
to worship "Renuka" while playing on the instrument and thus was
begun the tradition of performing a goondal. alternatively it is also put
forward that the goondal tradition was established when "Parusharama" killed
kshatriya King "Sahasrarjun". The goondaL's who worship "Devi
know as Renukraai and those who are devotees of "Tulja Bhavani" are called
Regional Resources Centre
For Folk Performing Arts
M.G.M.College Campus, Udupi - 576 102