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Folk Arts
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Nritya Niketan


Karadimajal
A powerful folk orchestra of North Karnataka the "Karadi Majalu" performers are in demand during various auspicious occasions, processions. The orchestra derives its name from the percussion instrument "Karade or Karadi". Palm size cymbals yield the metallic sounds while the "Shehanoy" adds to the continuous flow of musical waves. The performers produce Very vigorous and soul filling music.


Mudalapaaya Yakshagaana
"Muudalapaaya Yakshagaan" is a village theater in the eastern part of Karnataka, (muudala = Eastern) of Tumkur and Mysore region. The "Bhaagavat" (singer) and his small group of singers and instrumentalists (maddale, the percussion instrument and mukhaviine - a windpipe resembling Shehony instrument) form the musical part. The various characters of the play bedecked with gorgeous costumes and speaking flamboyant dialogue also give some vigorous dances. The entry  of some demoniac characters is awe- inspiring, so also their dialogue.

Troupe address
Muniyur Dasachar (Artist)
Sri.Rangantha Mudalapaya Yakshagana mandali
Muniyur - 572 227
Tumkur District, Karnataka, India

J.S.Ramegowda (Co-ordinator)
Mudalapaya Yakshagana Leader
Mukkam: Ambalajiirahalli, Post Bellur
Nagamangala Taluk
Mandya District, Karnataka, India

Doddata
In Northern Karnataka the open theater folk performance takes place which is similar to the muudalapaaya yakshagana. geographically  the northern style of folk theater is identified as doddaata. All these  art forms are diminishing without  patronage.  These  dying art  can be revived only if government  take initiative step to document and promote these art form.

Doddata Folk Theatre Artiste
Contact Address

1. Dr. Basavaraj malashetty
Lecturer (Co-ordinator)
Vijaynagar College, Hosapete - 583 201
Bellary District, Karnataka, India
Phone: 91 08394 27207
2. M. Basavana Gowda (Artist)
Navalakallu Post
Manvi Taluk, Rayachur District
Karnataka, India
3. Monappa Vittappa Sutar (Artist)
Chincholi Post, Afzalpur Taluk
Gulbarga District
Karnataka, India
4. Budappa Adiveppa Tahasildr Doddata Singer
Behatti Post, Hubballi Taluk
Dharwar District
Karnataka, India
5. A. M. Halayya (Artist)
Sogi Post
, Hadagali Taluk
Bellary District
Karnataka, India


Veeragaase dance
Devotees of shiva-cult dance in groups of two and four, six and sometime holds a sword and dance. They also perform a ritual on stage viz. Piercing a long or short needle across their mouth. The sambal and Dimmu are used as percussion instruments. Cymbals and Shehanoy (wind pipes) are also used the leading singer narrates the "Dakshayajna" epic with percussion instrument beating creates heroic tempo.


Dollu Kunitha or Dollu Dance
Dollu is a percussion instrument which is used in the group dance of the "Kuruba's" community in North Karnataka area. A group  of 16 dancers beat the drum and dance to its different rhythms, which are controlled and directed by a leader with cymbals moving at the center. Slow and fast rhythms alternate and group weaves varied patterns.

The costumes are simple. Upper part of the body is left bare while the lower one has a black sheet-rug tied on the `dhooti'.

Beats and rhythms are fascinating to the viewer what with effect of sounds and simple choreography built by the rural genius.

In the year 1987 the "Dollu" dance troupe participated in the U.S.S.R. festival under the leadership of K.S.Haridas Bhat, toured two and half month traveled and presented glorious performances in Moscow, Leningrad, Vibrog Archangel, Murmansk, Pskov, Novogorod and Tashkent.



Bisu Kamsale - Dance
The KAMSALE dance is named after the instrument held in hands of the dancer. The KAMSALE artistes or dancers are found in the Kannada speaking areas of Mysore, Nanjangudu, Kollegal and Bangalore.

The instrument comprises a cymbal held in one hand and a bronze disc in the other. The main element in art is the rhythmic clang, which blends with the  melodious music of the Mahadeeshvara epic. The  instruments, in the course of the vigorous rhythmic beatings, are moved around the body of the dancer in innumerable patterns manifesting both skill and art. In a group movement the dancer provides the vision of a series of offensive and defensive maneuvers.

KAMSALE is closely connected with a tradition of Shiva worship. The artistes, drawn from 'Haalu Kuruba' community. Who have vowed to live a life of devotion to Lord Mahadeeshvara are supposed to perform KAMSALE. The  dance is a part of a 'diiksha' or oath and is taught by teacher or spiritual leader.)


Gondaligara Ata (Narrative performing art of North Karnataka)
Gondaliga's are "Ambha Bhavani worshipers, either two or three artiste  together  gives theatrical performance in North Karnataka  and in Maharashtra, The performance theme mainly on divine tales or folk tales or historical legends. The performance given in the public during the nighttime only. The performance rendered by the "Gondal" community people so it is called  the "Gondaligara Ata" in Kannada. The Gondal community people are itinerants, few are now settled, on invitation the Gondal priest goes and gives the performance. They speak Marathi as their mother tongue, also well known the regional languages.

The term "Gondal"  means  the army of Shiva Spirits. The shiva spirits  are called "Gana" and  the troupe of the "Gana" is called "dal" Combining these two words "Gan + dal" which became "Gan-dal" but in the regional language used as "Gondal". The main theme of the “Gondal” ritual is appeasing or appeases the Shiva spirits or mother deity spirits. In propitiation of these mystic spirits ritual is called "Goondal puuja".

The myth states that "Parusharam" son to "Renuka" decimated the demon called "Baanasur". Threading veins from "Baanasur's" body through his skull "Parusharam" created an  instrument which, when plucked, yielded a sound approximating "tintini". Today this instrument is known as chaudike. "Parusharam" went  to worship "Renuka"  while playing on the instrument and thus was begun the tradition of performing a goondal. alternatively it is also put forward that the goondal tradition was established when "Parusharama" killed kshatriya King "Sahasrarjun". The goondaL's who worship "Devi Renuka" are know as Renukraai and those who are devotees of "Tulja Bhavani" are called kadamraai.


Article by 

S.A.Krishnaiah
Chief Co-ordinator (Research Wing)
Regional Resources Centre
For Folk Performing Arts
M.G.M.College Campus, Udupi - 576 102
Karnataka, India
E-mail: mmusica@sancharnet.in

 

 
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