The Suffolk Regiment [UK]
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Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 14.07.2006
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The Suffolk Regiment
crest and tie
by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
  Titles & Lineage
  Battle Honours
  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges

  Biography & Gallantry Awards
  Associations, Forums, Re-Enactors
  Museums, Monuments, Memorials

How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1685.06.20 The Duke of Norfolk's Regiment of Foot
raised at Norwich from men of Norfolk and Suffolk, incorporating a detachment raised in 1660 which had been sent to Virginia in 1676; known until 1751 by the names of ten other colonels
1747 ranked as 12th Foot
1751.07.01 12th Regiment of Foot
1782.08.31 12th (the East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
1881.07.01 The Suffolk Regiment
reorganised as the county regiment of Suffolk, encompassing also its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below]
1959.08.29 amalgamated with The Royal Norfolk Regiment, to form 1st East Anglian Regiment (Royal Norfolk and Suffolk)
pip The Suffolk Regiment [1685-1959] (St. Edmundsbury Borough Council)
pip 1st/12th Foot East Suffolk Regiment [in Australia] 1854-1860, by B & M Chapman.
pip The Suffolk Regiment, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
pip The Suffolk Regiment, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
  RHQ and Depot:
    Reserve Battalion [1842-1858]
    ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
    32nd Brigade Depot at Bury St. Edmunds [1873-1881]
    12th Regimental District at Bury St. Edmunds [1881-1905]
    G Group, at Colchester [1946-1948]
    East Anglian Brigade, at Bury St. Edmunds [1948-1959]
    1st Battalion [1685-1959]
    2nd Battalion [1756-1758]
    2nd Battalion [1811-1818, 1858-1948]
Militia and Special Reserve:
  3rd Battalion (West Suffolk Regiment of Militia) [1881-1953]
  4th Battalion (Cambridge Regiment of Militia) [1881-1908]
Territorials and Volunteers:
  1st Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  2nd Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  3rd (Cambridgeshire) Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  4th (Cambridge University) Volunteer Battalion [1881-1903]
  4th Battalion [1908-1960]
  5th Battalion [1908-1921]
  6th (Cyclist) Battalion [1910-1920]
  1st Battalion, The Cambridgeshire Regiment [1908-1947, 1956-1960]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
2/4th Battalion [1915-1916]
Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Reserve Battalion [1917-1919]
2/5th Battalion [1916-1918]
5th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
5th Battalion [1939-1945]
2/6th (Cyclist) Battalion [1914-1919]
3/6th (Cyclist) Battalion [1915-1916]
6th (Home Defence) Battalion [1939-1941]
2/6th (Home Defence) Battalion [1940-1940]
7th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
7th Battalion [1940-1941]
8th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
8th Battalion [1940-1947]
9th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
9th (Home Defence) Battalion [1940-1941]
10th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
11th (Cambridgeshire) (Service) Battalion [1915-1919]
12th (East Anglian) (Service) Battalion [1915-1919]
13th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
14th Battalion [1917-1919]
  15th (Suffolk Yeomanry) Battalion [1917-1919]
16th (Service) Battalion [1915-1919]
30th Battalion [1941-1943]
31st Battalion [1941-1946]
50th (Holding) Battalion [1940-1940]
70th (Young Soldier) Battalion [1940-1943]
2/1st Battalion, The Cambridgeshire Regiment [1915-1918]
1st (Reserve) Battalion, The Cambridgeshire Regiment [1915-1917]
Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Reserve Battalion, The Suffolk Regiment [1917-1919]
4/1st Battalion, The Cambridgeshire Regiment [1915-1917]
2nd Battalion, The Cambridgeshire Regiment [1939-1947]
1st (Reserve) Garrison Battalion [1916-1919]
2nd (Home Service) Garrison Battalion [1916-1917]
Dettingen, Minden, [Gibraltar 1779-83]1, Seringapatam, India2, South Africa 1851-2-3, New Zealand3, Afghanistan 1878-80, South Africa 1899-1902

The Great War (22 battalions)Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Ypres 1915 '17 '18, Gravenstafel, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Aubers, Hooge 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Theipval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916 '18, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Lys, Estaires, Messines 1918, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Béthune, Scherpenberg, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, Canal du Nord, Courtrai, Selle, Valenciennes, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Struma, Doiran 1918, Macedonia 1915-18, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1915-17, Gaza, El Mughar, Nebi Samwil, Jerusalem, Tell 'Asur, Megiddo, Sharon, Palestine 1917-18

The Second World WarDunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Odon, Falaise, Venraij, Brinkum, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45, Singapore Island, Malaya 1942, North Arakan, Imphal, Burma 1943-45

1.  the Castle and Key badge superscribed "Gibraltar 1779-83" and subscribed "Montis Insignia Calpe" (dates added 1909).
2.  awarded 1836 for services in 1797-1809, including 5th Mysore war and subsequent campaigns in South India.
3.  awarded for services 1860-1861 and 1863-1866.

flag construction sign
Uniform: ?-1881: scarlet; facings: yellow
-1899: scarlet; facings: white
-1953: scarlet; facings: yellow
1953-1959: blue; facings: yellow; piping: yellow
headdress: construction sign
cap badge
© from the collection of Glenn R. Meyer
1953.06.02 HRH The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, CI, GCVO
1685.06.20 Col. Henry (Howard), 7th Duke of Norfolk, KG
1686.06.14 Col. Sir Edward Henry (Lee), Bt., 1st Earl of Lichfield
1688.11.30 Col. Sir Robert (Carey), 6th Lord Hunsdon
1688.12.31 Col. Hon. Henry Wharton [composer of Lilliburlero]
1689.11.01 Col. Richard Brewer
1702.09.28 Maj-Gen. John Livesay
1712.03.16 Lt-Gen. Richard Philipps
1717.08.25 Brig-Gen. Thomas Stanwix [also 30th Foot; Gov. R Hospital 1715-20]
1725.03.22 Gen. Thomas Whetham
1741.08.12 Col. Scipio Duroure
1745.05.28 Lt-Gen. Henry Skelton
1757.04.22 Lt-Gen. Robert Napier
1766.11.21 Gen. Sir Henry Clinton, KB (senior)
1779.04.21 Gen. William Picton [also 75th Foot]
1811.10.15 Gen. Sir Charles Hastings, Bt.
1823.10.09 Gen. Hon. Robert Meade
1852.07.29 Lt-Gen. Sir Richard Goddard Hare Clarges, KCB [also 73rd Foot]
1857.04.14 Lt-Gen. Charles Anthony Ferdinand Bentinck
1864.10.29 Gen. Henry Colvile
1875.11.02 Gen. John Patton
1888.02.28 Gen. John Maxwell Perceval, CB
1900.01.25 Gen. Hon. Sir Percy Robert Basil Fielding, KCB
1904.01.10 Lt-Gen. Hon. Bernard Matthew Ward, CB
1918.06.28 Lt-Gen. Sir Alfred Edward Codrington, GCVO, KCB
1918.10.03 Lt-Gen. Sir Thomas D'Oyly Snow, KCB, KCMG
1919.08.01 Gen. Sir Thomas Lethbridge Napier Morland, KCB, KCMG, DSO [also KRRC]
1925.05.22 Maj-Gen. Sir John Ponsonby, KCB, CMG, DSO
1939.03.25 Col. Walter Norris Nicholson, CMG, DSO
1947.06.10 Brig. Edward Henry Walford Backhouse, CBE
1957.06.10 Brig. Richard Hobson Maxwell, CB [continued 1959 in 1st East Anglian Regt]
vc Victoria Crosses, by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
vc VCs in the Suffolk Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
pip Army List 1799: 12th (East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
Motto: construction sign
Nicknames: construction sign
Anniversaries: construction sign
Freedoms: construction sign
Marches: construction sign
Musicians: construction sign
Mascot: construction sign
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:
Australia flag 12th Battalion (The Launceston Regiment) 1931-1945,
Australia flag 12th/40th Infantry Battalion (The Tasmania Regiment) 1948-1952
New Zealand flag The Auckland Regiment (Countess of Ranfurly's Own) 1913-1959
swords [no external sites have been found]
monument The Suffolk Regimental Museum, Bury St Edmunds (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
monument The Suffolk Regimental Museum, Bury St Edmunds (Simonides listing)
Regimental Journal:
book The Suffolk regimental gazette. Feb. 1890- July 1959.
Full Histories:
book Cannon, Richard. Historical record of the Twelfth, or the East Suffolk Regiment of Foot containing an account of the formation of the regiment in 1685 and of its subsequent services to 1847. London : Parker, Furnivall, & Parker, 1848. (Historical records of the British Army)
book Webb, Edward Arthur Howard. History of the 12th (the Suffolk) Regiment, including a brief history of the East and West Suffolk Militia, the latter being now the 3rd Battalion Suffolk Regiment. London : Spottiswoode, 1914.
book Moir, Guthrie. The Suffolk Regiment (the 12th Regiment of Foot). London : Leo Cooper Ltd., 1969. (Famous regiments) ISBN: 0850520061
book Gardiner, C. H. (Charles Henry). Centurions of a century : among which are many who have soldiered in the Twelfth, or the Suffolk Regiment of Foot ... Brighton : The Editor, : 1915.
book Lloyd, J. S. D. The record of the foreign service tour of 1st Battalion, The Suffolk Regiment, 1907-1926. [s.l. : s.n.], 1926.
book Murphy, Charles Cecil Rowe. The history of the Suffolk Regiment, 1914-1927 : with numerous portraits illustrations maps and plans. London : Hutchinson, 1928.
book Nicholson, W. N. (Walter Norris). The Suffolk Regiment, 1928 to 1946. Ipswich : East Anglian Magazine, 1948.
book Godfrey, F. A. The history of the Suffolk Regiment, 1946-1959. London : L. Cooper, 1988. ISBN: 0850522536
Short Histories:
book The 2nd Battalion Suffolk Regiment illustrated, with a brief historical account of the services of the regiment. Quetta : 1899.
book Gardiner, C. H. (Charles Henry). The annals of the Twelfth East Suffolk Regiment. Bury St. Edmund's : Printed at the "Free Press" works, 1908. [Reprinted from the "Bury Free Press."]
book Gardiner, C. H. (Charles Henry). The annals of the Twelfth East Suffolk Regiment. [new ed.] Calcutta : Wyman Bros., [ca. 1920].
book 1st Battalion The Suffolk Regiment, Malta, 1909. Paris : phototypie P.G. Evrard, 1909.
book A short history of The Suffolk Regiment (12th Regiment of Foot). London : Gale & Polden, 1921.
book A short history of The Suffolk Regiment (12th Regiment of Foot). [new ed.] London : Gale & Polden, 1933.
book An illustrated record of the 12th Foot for 250 years, 23 June 1685-23 June 1935. Bury St. Edmunds : The Suffolk Regimental Gazette (printed by The Bury Free Press), 1935.
book The Suffolk regiment. London : M. Page, 1953.
book Lummis, Eric. The Suffolk Regiment, 1685-1959. [England] : [s.n.], : 1997.
book Lummis, Eric. The Suffolk Regiment, 1685-1959. Rev. ed. [England] : [s.n.], : 1998. ISBN: 0953194221
book Bevan, Silvanus. Topees & red berets : saga of a Suffolk officer. Upton-on-Severn : Square One Publications, 1995. ISBN: 1872017967


book Frost, Harry. A short historical record of the 4th Batt. Suffolk Regiment (Late Cambridgeshire Militia). Cambridge : A.T. Naylor, 1896.

First World War:

book Fair, A. ; Wolton, E. D. The history of the 1/5th Battalion, the Suffolk Regiment. Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1923.

Second World War:

book Lummis, Eric. 1 Suffolk in Normandy. [s.l.] : E.T. Lummis, 1993. ISBN: 0952080303 (pbk.)
Other Wars:
book Spicer, Len. The Suffolks in Malaya. Peterborough : Lawson Phelps Pub., 1998. ISBN: 095335590X
Special Topics:
book Standing orders of the Suffolk Regiment (the Twelfth Foot). [Ludgershall, Wilts : The Adjutant's Press, 1925.
book The roll of honour of the officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the Suffolk Regiment A.D. 1914 to 1919 ... [Ditchling, Sussex : St. Dominic's Press, 1920.
book Monier-Williams, H.B. The story of the Colours, 1685 to 1954. Bury St. Edmunds : Suffolk Regimental Gazette, 1954.
book Burrows, Keith. Mildenhall, the Suffolk Regiment, and the Great War. [Mildenhall] : Riverside Middle School, 1978.
book The march of the 1st Bn. Suffolk Regiment through the County of Suffolk, 16th to 23rd August, 1927. [s.l. : s.n.], 1927.
Manuscripts and Archives:
book Suffolk Regiment Archives (Suffolk Record Office)