The History

The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment

The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment was formed on 27th April 1994. It was formed from the amalgamation of The Gloucestershire Regiment and The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment, at Alma Barracks, Catterick.

The Colonel in chief of the Regiment is HRH The Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip and the Deputy Colonel is HRH The Duke of Gloucester.

The Regimental Cap badge consists of a Sphinx upon a pedestal inscribed "Egypt" mounted on a cross patte which in turn is on a triangle of scarlet cloth known as the Brandywine Flash. The Back Badge, is a sphinx surrounded by a wreath which denotes the Regiments most prestigious battle honour, The Battle of Alexandria.

The Battle of Alexandria 21st March 1801

On the 21st March 1801, the 28th Regiment of Foot were positioned on the right of the British line at the battle of Alexandria. From the start of the battle they were heavily attacked by French infantry led by Napoleon's Invincible Legion. A succession of furious assaults were thrown back by volleys fired at point blank range. Eventually, however, the enemy succeeded in breaking through on both flanks of the 28th, thus making a gap in the British line.

Through this gap in the line rode the French cavalry, who wheeled up to charge the 28th from the rear. As there was no time to form a square to receive the charge, the Commanding Officer gave the order.

"Rear rank 28th right about face".

The rear rank turned about and were thus standing with their backs to the front rank. Holding their fire until the enemy were almost on the points of their bayonets, they then fired one tremendous volley that brought riders and horses crashing to the ground and broke the charge. The enemy were thus repelled both in front and rear.

To mark their gallant conduct on this occasion, the Regiment was granted the unique distinction of wearing a badge both on the front and on the back of their head dress.

Click on the links below to learn more about our distinguished history.