More About The History

In the 1970s and 1980s there was a civil war in Lebanon. Israel invaded south Lebanon during this war to prevent Palestinian attacks across its northern border.

Israel invaded Lebanon twice in 1978 and 1982.

Hezbollah was set up in 1982 in direct response to the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon. Hezbollah represents a group of Muslims (called Shia Muslims) who live in Lebanon.

Southern Lebanon and the Bekka Valley are the two main Shia population centres in Lebanon along with Beirut's southern suburbs. Israel occupied southern Lebanon from 1982 until it was forced to withdraw in 2000.

When the Israeli army left Lebanon in 2000, attacks across the border did not stop on both sides.

On July 12, 2006 Hezbollah captured two Israeli soldiers and eight others were killed. This led to a crisis in which Israel launched a military attack against Hezbollah in Lebanon. Israel did not declare war on Lebanon nor the UN give permission for this attack.

Hezbollah then fired rockets into Israel and the conflict between Hezbollah and Israel continued until Aug. 7, 2006 when the United Nations convinced them to stop fighting.