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Caritas India
Campaign against Hunger and Disease, 2005

Human Trafficking
You and I can…

This modern form of slavery primarily affects women and children, but for many it happens to "some one else's child." The destruction caused to the lives of individuals and families by trafficking in person is not only a national problem; it is also a global problem.

This heinous crime, which transports people from around the world for purposes of domestic servitude, unlawful industrial and agricultural work, illegal adoption, forced begging, and the sex industry, denies their victims' dignity, often subjecting them to torture and abuse. Trafficking corrupts the rule of law when the protectors of law are pressured and bribed to look the other way


What is Trafficking?
Trafficking - a "modern form of slavery".

All Acts involved in the recruitment and/or transportation of a person within and across national borders for work or services by means of violence or threats of violence, abuse of authority or dominant position, debt bondage, deception or other forms of coercion. (GAATW)

Vulnerability / root causes for trafficking:

Poverty, joblessness, changing technique of traffickers as well as intricate relation of demand and supply in the sex market made the situation vulnerable.

Forced labou
  Domestic servitude
  Domestic servitude


Drug trafficking
  Sex market
  Sex tourism
  Bonded labour
  Organ trade
  Illegal adoption
  Child/forced marriage
  Work in entertainment industry including bars, massage parlours, etc.
Camel jockeying
The trafficked victim is subjected to worst form of human right abuses!!!
Mona, (not her real name) a girl from Jharkhand, aged 14 years, had been trafficked to Delhi for domestic work. Her father sold her to an agent for Rupees 18, 000. In Delhi, the agent told her employers that they should pay her salary directly to him, so that he can forward the money to her poor parents. But in reality, no money reached Mona’s parents. In Delhi, Mona was in a miserable condition without money or freedom. After a few months, Mona left her employer saying she wanted to go home. Later, one day she made a panic phone call to her ex-employer saying that she was in Delhi working as a domestic help and was very unhappy. Mona earlier worked as a domestic helper with a family in Ranchi. Her employers were also sending her to school. Mona had the presence of mind to leave her phone number with her ex-employer. The family was then contacted. Through the intervention of an NGO, Mona was taken back to Ranchi, to her previous employers and is now attending school. The broker, who brought her to Delhi, has since become untraceable. Therefore, no legal action could be taken against him.

Facts About Human Trafficking
World scenario:
About 700,000 to 2 million people mainly women and children are being trafficked every year.
About 10 million (1 crore) trafficked people, especially women and children, are surviving and working at risk.
Human trafficking is the third biggest illegal trade, which makes annual profit upto $5 billion (500 crores ($) = approx. Rs. 22,500 crores) to $7 billion (700 crores ($) = approx. Rs. 31,500 crores) after drugs and arms. (Exchange rate: US$1 = Rs/ 45).
Despite many international Conventions and Optional Protocols against trafficking for slave trade, millions of children are still being trapped by this heinous crime for forced labour, domestic servitude, sex market, bonded labour, forced beggary, illegal adoption, forced marriage, criminal activities, and to become soldiers, camel jockeys and for other labour exploitation.
  Indian scenario:
  Trafficking operations are clandestine and streamlined to the extent that it is difficult to obtain proof of the crime. Studies have shown that there is a nexus between
perpetrators police and at times, even legal systems.
India is a source, transit, and destination country for women, children, and men trafficked for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation.
Indian men and women are placed into situations of coerced labor and sometimes slave-like conditions in countries in the Middle East and children may be forced to beg or work as camel jockeys.
Bangladeshi women and children are trafficked to India or transit through India en route to Pakistan and the Middle East for purposes of sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, and forced labor.
According to statistics, about 300,000 Bangladeshi women and children have been trafficked to India and 200,000 to Pakistan while about 200,000 Nepalese women are estimated to be working in Indian cities - 30 percent are thought to be girls.
Nepalese women and girls are trafficked to India for sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, and forced labor. India is also a growing destination for sex tourists from Europe, the United States, and other Western countries. Internal trafficking of women, men, and children for purposes of sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, bonded labor, and indentured servitude is widespread.
Every year, 5,000 to 7,000 women and children from Nepal are trafficked into India for forced prostitution.
20% (i.e. 40,000) of trafficked Nepali women and children for sex trade in India are girls below 16 years of age.
Except for sex trade, thousands of Nepali children are trafficked into India to work in carpet factories in Bhadoi (Mirjapur), circus (e.g. Firojabad), potato farms, road construction in Shimla, forced beggary (e.g.. Banaras), domestic child labour in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, etc.
Demystifying the belief that only girls from specific geographical area and community are being trafficked, this crime has expanded to every area and community including boys and men.
Trafficking in women and children, together with HIV/AIDS, which it invariably spreads, is a universal problem demanding solutions based on international partnerships. Like HIV/AIDS, trafficking plagues the powerless. It too often disgraces those who are exploited by trafficking. Fear, ignorance, discrimination religious and social norms sometimes leads to persecution of victims of trafficking and to harassment of their families.

Trafficking in women and children was recognized as a scourge long before the advent of globalization. However, more open borders and speedier and more accessible computer and communication technologies have greatly facilitated trafficking. This crime goes hand-in-hand with poverty, structural inequities in society, gender discrimination, erosion of traditional family values, organized crime, sex tourism, armed conflict and other forms of natural or man-made disasters.
Aruna, is a native of Kolar district in Karnataka. She is 32 years old. She is a dalit and her widowed mother is a daily wager. After failing in the 9th class, she was disappointed and wanted to leave home. Her aunt worked in Delhi, but she did not know where. Whenever she came home she looked prosperous and she assured Aruna of a job in Delhi. She brought her to Delhi and sold Aruna for Rs. 5,000. Aruna was forced into the flesh trade by her controlling agents. They did not give her any of her earnings in the initial years. Over the years, she has given birth to three children. She also supported the marriage of her sister and purchased a house in her mother’s name. Her so-called husband (controller) threatens to expose her reality in her native place, if she does not comply with his wishes. These factors prevent Aruna from starting a new life. Aruna continues to be a victim of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation.
  Much work has been done in the area of prevention. One of the key programmes is raising awareness. Awareness raising happens at many levels. Firstly, it is vital at the village level. As many in rural villages are illiterate, theatre groups and national radio programmes are able to warn of the serious dangers of trafficking. Other important initiatives include special programmes for improving the status of the girl child and education and care for children of women in prostitution.
  It is also important to raise awareness about trafficking among the government, police and law enforcement agencies, medical profession and the media. Each of these groups plays a key role in both the prevention of trafficking and the re-integration of those who have been trafficked. People who have been trafficked and escape are called survivors as opposed to victims. Some survivors are taking on the role of educating these groups about the need for support and sensitivity. It is vital that the survivor is not blamed for being trafficked.
Awareness programme on the issue
Mobilizing grassroots communities
Educational & other care for children of women in prostitution
Special programmes for improving the status of the girl child- eg. Health education
Shelter homes
Aiding repatriation of girls origination from Nepal and Bangladesh
Reuniting victims with families
Education and training programmes for rescued victims

Reviewing legislation
Rights of women in prostitution
Basic rights of the girl child

Indian / SAARC /
International NGOs


playing the watch dog role
cooperation with police
legal / medical aid and

Work for Awareness and Collective Action in your area on suggested dates
as specified by the United Nations:

Mar. 08 International Women’s Day
Apr. 30 No Child Labour Day
May 01 Workers Day
Sep. 08 Day of the Girl Child
Sep. 20 World Tourism Day
Nov. 14 Children’s Day
Nov. 20 Child Rights Day
Dec. 10 Human Rights Day
Dec. 12 Day of Anti-Trafficking
Dec. 18 Migrant Workers day
  Individual / Personal level:
Do you know if this problem exists in your area? In what forms?
What can you do to develop your own awareness about people being trafficked from other areas?
How can you establish your support with organizations / groups working to change this situation?
Would you join “follow traffickers” movement to eliminate this form of slavery and atrocities against women, girls and children?
  Community level:
Do the poor and marginalized youth, specially, girls, migrate to other places for work? If so, enlist the individuals
Do you know if anyone from your area is trafficked? Identify the trafficker in your area
What steps can you take to change this situation?
Can you develop alternative forms of livelihood locally?
  Organization / Institutional level:
What is the extent of migration in your area of operation, especially among the poor and marginalized women and girls / youth at large?
Does human trafficking exist in your area? Has your institution / organization taken any steps regarding communicating awareness or organizing action to redeem this situation?
Can you undertake registration at origin and follow traffickers to facilitate network among likeminded individuals / organizations to combat human trafficking?
What are two or three actions you can facilitate in your organizations and in public at large to bring awareness about this inhuman activity called human trafficking? What concrete public actions can you mobilize?
Can you develop alternative forms of livelihood locally with the marginalized communities towards combating human trafficking? If so, what are they?

Grateful Acknowledgement of your Contributions for the Campaign

Caritas India gratefully acknowledges the generous contributions of the people, organizations and institutions towards our campaign during the previous year.

The collection during the year amounts to: Rs. 58,43,883/- (as on March 31, 2004)


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