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In November 10, 1887 "Technical School" was founded for the first time in Baku by Baku Municipal Duma. In 1896 this technical school was refounded into "Baku low technical school." During 1896-1905 55 people graduated from mechanic department and 5 people graduated from construction department. In 1910 mechanic department was divided into two - oil technique and electromechanic directions. In 1916 494 students studied at school and only 20 of them were azerbaijanians. In 1918 the school was renamed politechnical. Oil industry, electromechanic and construction - architecture departments were functioning and number of students was 188. It must be mentioned that at that time in Azerbaijan there were 62 azerbaijanians having high education and only 12 of them were engineers. In November 14, 1920 Azerbaijan Revolution Committee accepted decree about foundation of "Polytechnical Institute in Baku." The followings were mentioned in decree:
  1. On the base of Oil Field, Electromechanic; Construction; Engineering; Agriculture and Economy faculties of Baku Polytechnical school to found Baku Polytechnical Institute after M.Azizbekov.
  2. Baku polytechnicum buildings, equipment and Russian technical society's chemical laboratory had to be given to Baku Politechnical Institute disposal.
  3. While taking Baku polytechnicum students to Baku Polytechnical Institute the following items had to be taken into consideration: the students having satisfactory knowledge level had to be allowed to the 1st term classes; for students being lack additional classes had to be taught and the last additional classes had to be organized for students who wanted to attend the upper courses.
  4. State University students' social-supply rights had to be available for the students of Polytechnical Institute.
  5. Baku Polytechnical Institute professor-teacher substitutions from Universities and other enterprises despite their work had to be paid extra wages depending on their position at Baku Polytechnical Institute.
  6. Professor-teacher colleagues, had to be paid according to the state University professor-teacher colleagues' wages.

In December 12.1920 National Education Committee announces special decree about the foundation of the institute. The decree stated that, in connection with the foundation of Baku Polytechnical Institute Baku Polytechnicum was liquidated and its teachers' staff was to be free from their duties. And completion of preparatory works and beginning of academic year was determined in January 01, 1921. According to the decree engineer A.I.Kozlov was chosen leader of accepting Committee and till January 01,1921 they had to finish the acceptance taking the following items as the base. First of all the followings might be accepted to the Institute: 1) the students of Baku politechnicum, special high schools students; 2) people knowing Turkish language; 3) workers; 4) CC and BCACP(b); 5) Red Army representatives; 6) Soviet workers; 7) the other people's acceptance had been taken into consideration. According to decree professors N.A.Dubrovsky; P.K. Zhuze; L.G. Gurvich; Petrograd university A.S. Shepotyev and engineer D.D.Gadaskin, were appointed institute professors, agronom N.A. Lebedev, engineers S.Vakilov, A.I. Kozlov, A.N. Shusherov and M.V. Abramovich according to their speciality had been taken to the chairs as teachers. Professor N.A. Dubrovsky was appointed the first rector till the 1 of September 1921. It was stated the above mentioned specialists' names had to be included into the Academic Council list. The first meeting of the institute Academic Council was held in December 15,1920 where the chairman was the first rector of the Institute N.A. Dubrovsky. S.Vakilov was chosen the secretary of the Academic Council. Later on Academic Council had its second meeting in December 18 and for the time "mining engineering" faculty-the dean engineer M.Dombrovsky; "electromechanic" faculty the dean electrician A.Sizov; engineer construction"- the dean civil construction engineer A.Shusheerov; "Economics" - the dean prof. N.A.Dubrovsky; and "agriculture" - the dean agronom - N.Lebedev were chosen. The first bell announcing their first functioning was held in January 2, 1921 at 9.30 a.m. and engineer S.Vakilov delivered his first lecture on high mathematics for the first time in the history of the institute. During 1920/1921 academic year the following professors and teachers were included into the Academic Council consisting of 66 people. They are : N.A. Dubrovsky, P.K.Zhuze; L.G. Gurvich; A.S. Shepotyev; D.D.Gadaskin; A.M. Shusherov; L.S. Leybenson; I.V.Kurchatov; K.A.Krasussky; A.A.Akhundov; G.N.Gaziyev; I.G.Yesman; S.A. Kovalevsky; P.I.Kuznetsov; T.G. Guliyev; P.P.Lukin; M.M.Skvortsov; S.N.Usatiy; V.I. Tikhomirov; B.P. Albitsky, N.L. Vannicov, A.M. Amosov and others. During 1920/1921 academic year 1135 students studied at the institute. In 1922 "agriculture" "economy", "technology (electrotechnique, mining and oil technology departments)" and "engineer construction" (land road, hydrotechnique and civil constructions specialties) faculties' functioning structures were clarified. At that time general theory training was greatly given priority though production experiments and speciality subjects trainings were not paid necessary attention. Many subjects were included into the academic plan, the classes training was free and the students matriculation and examinations consequences were not controlled. Necessary attention was not paid to practice and laboratory experiments. The students success was registered according to their marks. Though nominal studying process period was 5 years the academic plan was overloaded and some students could graduate from the institute in 7 years. In 1922 the material-technique basis and professor-teachers' staff were strengthened by assistance "AZNEFT" (maintained and supported by necessary equipment, and 150 students were paid scholarship), national soviet Committee Sovnarkom, National Education Committee, Land Committee, Food Trade National Committee. During these years such professors as: S.N.Usatiy, S.M.Romanov, B.P.Albiskiy, M.M.Aliyev, and I.G.Yesman (in 1922-1928 was the rector of the institute) were invited. In summer 1923 Azerbaijan Government addressed to the former SU central Committee and in August 10, 1923 issued law where it was mentioned that Baku Polytechnical institute had to be recognized as of All-Union significance and special notes were given to
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1980-present days