SQUASH, GOURDS and PUMPKINS
As a general rule,
cucurbitaceous plants prefer dry climates, and many are so riddled with
disease in the humid tropics that production is impossible. When
there is a pronounced dry season it is often possible to grow the vines
and produce fruit.
Wax Gourd | Buffalo Gourd | Seminole Pumpkin | Summer Squash | Pepino de Comer | Calabash | Luffa
cucurbit for seed oil in hot, humid tropics; flesh eaten like summer
squash; fruit may be stored for many months at room temperature. It can
be grown year round in tropical climates. Frost sensitive. Soil pH:
are used as a firewood The seed is rich in oil and protein; requires
long periods of warm, dry weather; American Indians used fruit, pulp,
and vine for soap. However the vine has a foul smell! The crushed seeds
yield a polyunsaturated oil, and the pulp is fed to cattle. Requires
little water. Native to SW North America. Soil pH: 5.0-7.5.
Vigorous vines (up to 3 m), native to Florida, smaller fruits. The
vines will grow widely spreading along the surface of the ground,
rooting at nodes, or they may be trellised. The flesh can be baked,
fried, boiled, mashed, dried, and used in pies. Seeds can be roasted
and eaten. Fruits fed as forage for cattle. Soil pH: 4.5-8.3.
Acorn: 90 days; small acorn shaped fruit; pale orange outside with dark orange flesh.
Crookneck: 90 days; large number of oblong pumpkins; light orange with orange flesh.
90 days; large number of small pumpkins; variable fruit size; hardy
Hardy: 90 days; produces a large number of pumpkins; oblong
in shape; orange skin with orange flesh.
Seminole Tropical Mix: A mix of all Seminole pumpkin varieties currently in the seed bank.
pumpkins originated in tropical South or Central America. This crop is
similar to Seminole pumpkin in how it is cultivated and processed for
food. Soil pH: 4.5-8.3.
La Primera: 110 days; large round fruits; commercial cultivar in Florida; orange skin with light orange flesh.
Tahitian Butternut: 110 days; large necked fruit; orange skin with dark orange flesh.
Tropical Pumpkin Mix: A mix of the above two varieties.
warm-season crop that should be planted when danger of frost is past.
Best soil temperature for growth is 85 F. Performs best in
well-drained, sandy loam soils with high organic matter. Waterlogged
soils promote disease. Excess humidity and rain can also be prime
conditions for fungus diseases to develop on the vine. Squash is
usually harvested immature and flesh is cooked or stir-fried. In arid
regions irrigation should be established. Soil pH: 4.5-8.3
About 43 days to maturity; squash deep golden yellow in color and
reaches 5.5-6 inches in length and is semi-crookneck shape; plant is
open, vigorous bush. Consistent yields of smooth skinned fruit. Hybrid.
A hybrid zucchini squash that takes about 43 days to reach maturity.
Fruit color is medium green and cylindrical fruits reach 7.5-8.5 inches
in length. Open habit growth w/ spineless petioles. Continous setting
with high yields.
fruits similar to a hollow cucumber; may be stuffed before cooking or
pickling. A gourd-like vegetable, 6-15cm long. The immature fruits and
young shoots are eaten raw and cooked. Requires trellising. Relatively
be used as containers/vessels; fruits edible only when small; leaves
and young shoots used as potherbs; seed yields an oil used in cooking;
vegetable curd can be made from the seed; very prolific in subtropics.
Immature fruits (before rinds harden) can be picked and prepared like
summer squash. Tolerates heat and humidity better then most cucurbits.
Soil pH: 4.5-7.5.
Longissima: Cucuzzi, Bottle Gourd, Bushel Gourd
climbing vine; fruit also used as sponge; seed is toxic. Well adapted
to warm dry tropics, but can be grown in wet tropics. The vines are
frost sensitive. The sponges from these gourds are popular in the
cosmetic industry. Both acutangula and cylindrica will cross pollinate
with if within 1500 feet of each other.
Luffa acutangula - Angled/Ridged Luffa: Preferred as vegetable; ridged fruit eaten when young.
L. cylindrica - Smooth Luffa: Preferred for making sponges; smooth fruit; edible when young.